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Burns evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926879/-systematic-evaluation-on-effectiveness-and-safety-of-recombinant-human-growth-hormone-in-treating-adult-patients-with-severe-burn
#1
F Y Tian, B Wu, T Xu, X H Jiang
Objective: To systcmatically evaluate the effectiveness and safety of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) in treating adults with severe burn. Methods: Databases including PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase were searched using key words " burns, thermal, human growth hormone, growth hormone, hGH, and somatropin (human)" , and China Biology Medicine disc, Chinese Journals Full-text Database, VIP Database, and Wanfang Database were searched using key words in Chinese version "," to obtain the randomized controlled trials about rhGH in the treatment of adults with severe burn from the establishment of each database to December 2016...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926873/-to-enhance-clinical-application-of-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-in-elderly-inpatients-with-non-cardiac-surgical-operation
#2
X M Wang, Y Liu
In this commentary article, we introduce the definition, evaluative contents and methods of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA), as well as its successful application in Western countries. CGA is a multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment process that identifies medical, psychosocial, and functional capabilities of elderly adults to develop plans including overall treatment, nursing, and follow-up to maximize overall health with aging. How to change this situation has become an important challenge due to the significant increase in postoperative complications, mortality, and treatment costs for elderly patients with surgical diseases...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926413/the-role-of-cognitive-content-and-cognitive-processes-in-chronic-pain-an-important-distinction
#3
Mark P Jensen, Beverly E Thorn, James Carmody, Francis J Keefe, John W Burns
Pain-related cognitive content (what people think about pain) and cognitive processes (how people think about pain; what they do with their pain-related thoughts) and their interaction are hypothesized to play distinct roles in patient function. However, questions have been raised regarding whether it is possible or practical to assess cognitive content and cognitive process as distinct domains. The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which measures that appear to assess mostly pain-related cognitive content, cognitive processes, and content and process, are relatively independent from each other and contribute unique variance to the prediction of patient function...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925999/an-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-intensity-and-duration-on-outcomes-across-treatment-domains-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
E Linstead, D R Dixon, E Hong, C O Burns, R French, M N Novack, D Granpeesheh
Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is considered an effective treatment for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and many researchers have further investigated factors associated with treatment outcomes. However, few studies have focused on whether treatment intensity and duration have differential influences on separate skills. The aim of the current study was to investigate how treatment intensity and duration impact learning across different treatment domains, including academic, adaptive, cognitive, executive function, language, motor, play, and social...
September 19, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922022/implementing-a-collaborative-coaching-intervention-for-professionals-providing-care-to-children-and-their-families-an-exploratory-study
#5
Sandy K Tatla, Dori Howard, Alda Antunes Silvestre, Stacey Burnes, Meghan Husson, Tal Jarus
The growing complexity of healthcare requires family and interprofessional partnerships to deliver effective care. Interprofessional coaching can enhance family-centred practice and collaboration. The purpose of this study was to explore the acceptability and feasibility of collaborative coaching training to improve family centredness within acute paediatric rehabilitation. Using a participatory action design, service providers (SPs; n = 36) underwent a 6-month coaching programme involving coaching workshops, learning triads, and tailored sessions with a licensed coach...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920800/cutaneous-t-cell-lymphoma-with-lymph-node-metastasis-in-an-adult-addax-addax-nasomaculatus
#6
Zoltan S Gyimesi, Roy B Burns, Sheryl Coutermarsh-Ott, Chris A Schiller, Rita McManamon
A 13-yr-old male addax (Addax nasomaculatus) presented with locally extensive alopecia, slight erythema, and skin thickening on the medial aspect of the left rear leg between the stifle and tarsus. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma was diagnosed after histopathology and immunohistochemical staining of representative skin-punch biopsies. No treatment was elected, and the addax was euthanized 3 yr later because of poor body condition, chronic dental disease, and confirmed spread of lymphoma to other cutaneous locations...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917362/a-comparative-study-of-the-antacid-effect-of-some-commonly-consumed-foods-for-hyperacidity-in-an-artificial-stomach-model
#7
Vandana Panda, Priyanka Shinde, Jyoti Deora, Pankaj Gupta
OBJECTIVES: The incorporation of certain alkalinizing vegetables, fruits, milk and its products in the diet has been known to alleviate hyperacidity. These foods help to restore the natural gastric balance and function, curb acid reflux, aid digestion, reduce the burning sensation due to hyperacidity and soothe the inflamed mucosa of the stomach. The present study evaluates and compares the antacid effect of broccoli, kale, radish, cucumber, lemon juice, cold milk and curd in an artificial stomach model...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916400/assessing-changes-in-the-activity-levels-of-breast-cancer-patients-during-radiation-therapy
#8
Colin E Champ, Nitin Ohri, Rainer J Klement, Matthew Cantor, Sushil Beriwal, Scott M Glaser, Ryan P Smith
BACKGROUND: Radiation therapy (RT) is often delivered after lumpectomy for women with breast cancer. A common perceived side effect of RT is fatigue, yet its exact effect on activity levels and sleep is unknown. In this study we analyzed the change in activity levels and sleep using an activity tracking device before, during, and after RT for women with early stage breast cancer and ductal carcinoma in situ who underwent adjuvant RT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: After institutional review board approval, activity levels were quantified before, during, and after RT with measurements of steps, miles walked, calories burned, and sleep metrics in 10 women fitted with activity trackers...
August 24, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916026/a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-approach-to-primary-burning-mouth-syndrome
#9
Siamak Moghadam-Kia, Nasim Fazel
Primary burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is an oral mucosal disorder that is characterized by a chronic and often debilitating intraoral burning sensation for which no localized or systemic cause can be found. BMS most commonly affects postmenopausal women. The pathophysiology of primary BMS is not well understood. Diagnosing BMS can prove to be challenging. BMS patients can also pose a therapeutic challenge to clinicians who are consulted to evaluate these patients. Most commonly used therapies include tricyclic antidepressants, α-lipoic acid, clonazepam, and cognitive-behavioral therapy...
September 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914592/effect-of-topically-applied-hyaluronic-acid-on-pain-and-palatal-epithelial-wound-healing-an-examiner-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
Selin Yıldırım, Hafize Öztürk Özener, Başak Doğan, Bahar Kuru
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of two different concentrations of topical hyaluronic-acid on post-operative patient discomfort and wound healing of palatal donor sites following free gingival graft (FGG) surgery. METHODS: Thirty-six patients requiring FGG were randomly assigned into three groups in an examiner-blind, randomized-controlled clinical trial. After harvesting palatal grafts, 0.2% and 0.8% hyaluronic-acid gels were used in the test-1 and -2 groups, respectively...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911939/evaluation-of-airborne-sensory-irritants-for-setting-exposure-limits-or-guidelines-a-systematic-approach
#11
REVIEW
Gunnar Damgaard Nielsen, Peder Wolkoff
Sensory irritation of eyes and upper airways is an important endpoint for setting occupational exposure limits (OELs) and indoor air guidelines. Sensory irritants cause a painful burning, stinging and itching sensation. Controlled chamber studies are the "golden standard" for evaluations. Well conducted workplace studies offer another possibility. For generalization, the number of participants and their age, smoking, gender, and prior exposure, experience and mood has to be considered. Exposure assessments have to be reliable and exposure duration sufficiently long to establish time-response relationships...
September 11, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904270/comparison-of-chemicals-in-mainstream-smoke-in-heat-not-burn-tobacco-and-combustion-cigarettes
#12
Kanae Bekki, Yohei Inaba, Shigehisa Uchiyama, Naoki Kunugita
Because of the health effects of secondhand smoke, the Japanese government is trying to establish an effective law for total avoidance of secondhand smoke in indoor environments for tobacco-free Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic games 2020, as requested by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the World Health Organization (WHO). Meanwhile, Philip Morris International has begun selling a new heat-not-burn tobacco, iQOS, which it claims is designed not to produce secondhand smoke. There is little scientific data, however, of the hazards and toxicity of iQOS...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902023/novel-modality-for-neck-rejuvenation-a-prospective-multicenter-trial-of-percutaneous-radiofrequency-ablation-of-the-cervical-branch-of-the-facial-nerve
#13
Daniel Rivlin, D Ryan Skinner, Christina Y Steinmetz-Rodriguez, Jordan S Fabrikant, Marie A Stoddard, Jeffrey J So, Shauntell J Solomon, Ronald L Moy
BACKGROUND: Neck rejuvenation offers few modalities of treatments limited to either invasive plastic surgery or temporary neuromodulation using botulinum toxin. OBJECTIVE: To access the efficacy, longevity, and safety of percutaneous monopolar radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the cervical branch of the facial nerve innervating the platysma for neck rejuvenation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, multicenter trial enrolled 19 adult patients with noticeable platysmal banding at 2 different centers...
September 8, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901207/characterizing-citizens-preferences-for-engagement-in-patient-care-and-research-in-adult-and-pediatric-intensive-care-units
#14
Karen E A Burns, Leena Rizvi, Anna Charteris, Samuel Laskey, Saima B Bhatti, Kamalprit Chokar, Karen L M Choong
RATIONALE: Engagement promotes and supports the active participation of patients and families in health care and research to strengthen their influence on decision-making. We sought to characterize how citizens wish to be engaged in care and research in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Interviewers administered questionnaires to visitors in 3 adult ICUs and 1 pediatric ICU. RESULTS: We surveyed 202 (adult [n = 130] and pediatric [n = 72]) visitors...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900690/community-treatment-orders-and-social-outcomes-for-patients-with-psychosis-a-48-month-follow-up-study
#15
Francis Vergunst, Jorun Rugkåsa, Constantinos Koshiaris, Judit Simon, Tom Burns
PURPOSE: Community treatment orders (CTOs) are widely used internationally despite a lack of evidence supporting their effectiveness. Most effectiveness studies are relatively short (12-months or less) and focus on clinical symptoms and service data, while a little attention is given to patients' social outcomes and broader welfare. We tested the association between the duration of CTO intervention and patients' long-term social outcomes. METHODS: A sub-sample (n = 114) of community-based patients from the Oxford Community Treatment Order Evaluation Trial (OCTET) were interviewed 48 months after randomisation...
September 12, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900039/the-contributing-risk-of-tobacco-use-for-ards-development-in-burn-injured-adults-with-inhalation-injury
#16
Majid Afshar, Giora Netzer, Michael J Mosier, Richard S Cooper, William Adams, Ellen L Burnham, Elizabeth J Kovacs, Ramon Durazo-Arvizu, Stephanie Kliethermes
BACKGROUND: This study aims to determine the relationship between tobacco use, inhalation injury, and ARDS in burn-injured adults. METHODS: This study was an observational cohort of 2,485 primary burn admissions to a referral burn center between January 1, 2008 and March 15, 2015. Subjects were evaluated by methods used to account for mediation and traditional approaches (multivariable logistic regression and propensity score analysis). Mediation analysis examined both the (1) indirect effect of tobacco use via inhalation injury as the mediator on ARDS development and (2) the direct effect of tobacco use alone on ARDS development...
September 12, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899964/the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill-coast-guard-cohort-study
#17
Jennifer Rusiecki, Melannie Alexander, Erica G Schwartz, Li Wang, Laura Weems, John Barrett, Kate Christenbury, David Johndrow, Renée H Funk, Lawrence S Engel
OBJECTIVES: Long-term studies of oil spill responders are urgently needed as oil spills continue to occur. To this end, we established the prospective Deepwater Horizon (DWH) Oil Spill Coast Guard Cohort study. METHODS: DWH oil spill responders (n=8696) and non-responders (n=44 823) who were members of the US Coast Guard (20 April-17 December 2010) were included. This cohort uses both prospective, objective health data from military medical encounters and cross-sectional survey data...
September 12, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898529/the-design-development-and-evaluation-of-a-qualitative-data-collection-application-for-pregnant-women
#18
Hazel Keedle, Virginia Schmied, Elaine Burns, Hannah Dahlen
PURPOSE: This article explores the development and evaluation of a smartphone mobile software application (app) to collect qualitative data. The app was specifically designed to capture real-time qualitative data from women planning a vaginal birth after caesarean delivery. This article outlines the design and development of the app to include funding, ethics, and the recruitment of an app developer, as well as the evaluation of using the app by seven participants. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: Data collection methods used in qualitative research include interviews and focus groups (either online, face-to-face, or by phone), participant diaries, or observations of interactions...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898424/relationship-between-consumer-acceptability-and-pungency-related-flavor-compounds-of-vidalia-onions
#19
Ha-Yeon Kim, Daniel Jackson, Koushik Adhikari, Cliff Riner, Gabriela Sanchez-Brambila
A consumer study was conducted to evaluate preferences in Vidalia onions, and define consumer acceptability thresholds for commonly analyzed flavor compounds associated with pungency. Two varieties of Vidalia onions (Plethora and Sapelo Sweet) were grown at 3 fertilizer application rates (37.5 and 0; 134.5 and 59.4; and 190 and 118.8 kg/ha of nitrogen and sulfur, respectively), creating 6 treatments with various flavor attributes to use in the study. Bulb soluble solids, sugars, pyruvic acid, lachrymatory factor (LF; propanethial S-oxide), and methyl thiosulfinate (MT) content were determined and compared to sensory responses for overall liking, intensity of the sharp/pungent/burning sensation (SPB), and intent to buy provided by 142 consumers...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898193/molecular-breast-imaging-in-breast-cancer-screening-and-problem-solving
#20
Robin B Shermis, Roberta E Redfern, Jessica Burns, Haris Kudrolli
In the United States, legislative actions in over 28 states require radiologists to notify women who undergo breast screening mammography of their breast density. This has led to increased public interest in supplemental screening, but radiologists have not come to a consensus on a supplemental screening modality. In choosing between the most common options, whole-breast ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, one must weigh the benefits and drawbacks of each modality, as increased cancer detection may be accompanied by increased examination costs and biopsy rates...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
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