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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458202/validity-of-the-intra-operative-measurement-of-stem-anteversion-and-factors-for-the-erroneous-estimation-in-cementless-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-postero-lateral-approach
#1
Y K Lee, J W Kim, T Y Kim, Y C Ha, K H Koo
BACKGROUND: Intra-operative estimation of stem anteversion in total hip arthroplasty (THA) using postero-lateral approach is made by the surgeon's visual assessment, using the tibia as a guide, with the assumption that tibial axis is vertical to the trans-epicondylar axis. However, the accuracy of the intra-operative estimation has rarely been verified with postoperative CT-scans, with controversies regarding these measurements particularly in case of knee osteoarthritis. Therefore we performed a prospective study to: 1) determine the accuracy of the intra-operative measurement and 2) investigate factors affecting the discrepancy between the surgeon's estimation and the real stem anteversion HYPOTHESIS: Intra-operative estimation of stem anteversion correlated with the real stem anteversion on CT scan...
February 16, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458113/poorer-positive-affect-in-response-to-self-paced-exercise-among-the-obese
#2
Hassan M Elsangedy, Paulo H D Nascimento, Daniel G S Machado, Kleverton Krinski, Sarah J Hardcastle, Sérgio G DaSilva
We aimed to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and affective response, ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), and physiological responses during self-paced exercise. Sixty-six women were divided into three groups accordingly with the BMI: obese (n = 22: 33.5 ± 8.5 yr; 34.9 ± 4.1 kg∙m-2 ), overweight (n = 22: 34.8 ± 8.6 yr; 26.4 ± 1.3 kg∙m-2 ), and normal-weight (n = 22: 30.8 ± 9.3 yr; 22.0 ± 1.6 kg∙m-2 ). They underwent a graded exercise test and a 20-min self-paced walking session on a treadmill...
February 16, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458082/beyond-pain-nurses-assessment-of-patient-suffering-dignity-and-dying-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#3
Amanda Su, Lindsay Lief, David Berlin, Zara Cooper, Daniel Ouyang, John Holmes, Renee Maciejewski, Paul K Maciejewski, Holly G Prigerson
CONTEXT: Deaths in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) are increasingly common in the United States, yet little is known about patients' experiences at the end-of-life in the ICU. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine nurse assessment of symptoms experienced, and care received by ICU patients in their final week, and their associations with nurse-perceived suffering and dignity. METHODS: From September 2015 to March 2017, nurses who cared for 200 ICU patients who died were interviewed about physical and psychosocial dimensions of patients' experiences...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458008/trefoil-factor-2-promotes-type-2-immunity-and-lung-repair-through-intrinsic-roles-in-hematopoietic-and-non-hematopoietic-cells
#4
Li-Yin Hung, Taylor K Oniskey, Debasish Sen, Matthew F Krummel, Andrew E Vaughan, Noam A Cohen, De'Broski R Herbert
Trefoil factors are small secreted proteins that regulate tissue integrity and repair at mucosal surfaces, particularly in the gastrointestinal tract. However, their relative contribution(s) to controlling baseline lung function or the extent of infection-induced lung injury are unknown issues. Using irradiation bone marrow chimeras, we found that Trefoil factor 2 (TFF2) produced from both hematopoietic- and non-hematopoietic-derived cells is essential for host protection, proliferation of alveolar type 2 cells, and restoration of pulmonary gas exchange following infection with the hookworm parasite Nippostrongylus brasiliensis...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457919/enterobacteriaceae-antibiotic-resistance-in-ready-to-eat-foods-collected-from-hospital-and-community-canteens-analysis-of-prevalence
#5
Sara Vincenti, Matteo Raponi, Romina Sezzatini, Gabriele Giubbini, Patrizia Laurenti
Foodborne diseases and antibiotic resistance are serious widespread health problems in the contemporary world. In this study, we compared the microbiological quality of ready-to-eat (RTE) foods found in community canteens versus hospital canteens in Rome, Italy, focusing on detection and quantification of Enterobacteriaceae and the antibiotic resistance of these bacteria. Our findings show a remarkable difference in Enterobacteriaceae contamination between RTE foods distributed in community canteens (33.5% of samples) and those distributed in hospital canteens (5...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457667/synthesis-and-discovery-of-potent-carbonic-anhydrase-acetylcholinesterase-butyrylcholinesterase-and-%C3%AE-glycosidase-enzymes-inhibitors-the-novel-n-n-bis-cyanomethylamine-and-alkoxymethylamine-derivatives
#6
Parham Taslimi, Cuneyt Caglayan, Vagif Farzaliyev, Oruj Nabiyev, Afsun Sujayev, Fikret Turkan, Ruya Kaya, İlhami Gulçin
During this investigation, N,N'-bis-azidomethylamines, N,N'-bis-cyanomethylamine, new alkoxymethylamine and chiral derivatives, which are considered to be a new generation of multifunctional compounds, were synthesized, functional properties were investigated, and anticholinergic and antidiabetic properties of those compounds were studied through the laboratory tests, and it was approved that they contain physiologically active compounds rather than analogues. Novel N-bis-cyanomethylamine and alkoxymethylamine derivatives were effective inhibitors of the α-glycosidase, cytosolic carbonic anhydrase I and II isoforms, butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) with Ki values in the range of 0...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457600/public-online-information-about-tinnitus-a-cross-sectional-study-of-youtube-videos
#7
Corey H Basch, Jingjing Yin, Betty Kollia, Adeyemi Adedokun, Stephanie Trusty, Felicia Yeboah, Isaac Chun-Hai Fung
Purpose: To examine the information about tinnitus contained in different video sources on YouTube. Materials and Methods: The 100 most widely viewed tinnitus videos were manually coded. Firstly, we identified the sources of upload: consumer, professional, television-based clip, and internet-based clip. Secondly, the videos were analyzed to ascertain what pertinent information they contained from a current National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders fact sheet...
January 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457576/hypoalbuminaemia-as-a-marker-of-trans-capillary-leakage-in-community-acquired-bacteraemia-patients
#8
K O Gradel, P J Vinholt, B Magnussen, C Pedersen, T G Jensen, H J Kolmos, A T Lassen
Community-acquired bacteraemia patients (n = 2472), Denmark, 2000-2008. Albumin, C-reactive protein (CRP) and haemoglobin (Hb) measured 2000-2010. We assessed daily mean levels of albumin, CRP and Hb from 30 days before to 30 days after bacteraemia and correlations between albumin vs. CRP and albumin vs. Hb. In linear regression models, we evaluated the contribution of CRP, Hb, chronic and acute variables to the albumin level variations. The mean albumin level (33.6 g/l) was steady before day 1, declined to 29...
February 19, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457484/cryosurgery-5-5-fluorouracil-for-treatment-of-superficial-basal-cell-carcinoma-and-bowen-s-disease
#9
Laura C Soong, Christopher P Keeling
BACKGROUND: Superficial basal cell carcinoma (sBCC) and squamous cell carcinoma in situ (SCCis) are 2 types of nonmelanoma skin cancers (NMSCs) that are amenable to treatment with topical 5-fluorouracil, cryosurgery, or topical imiquimod, among other destructive and surgical modalities. There are few studies examining the effectiveness of combination therapy with 5% 5-fluorouracil and cryosurgery for the treatment of sBCC and SCCis. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to study the clinical cure rate achieved with the regimen of cryosurgery and a 3-week course of 5% 5-fluorouracil in the treatment of biopsy-proven sBCC and SCCis...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457428/-percutaneous-poking-reduction-with-bone-grafting-and-limited-internal-fixation-for-the-treatment-of-calcaneal-fractures
#10
Hua Chen, Yu-Wei Li, Hong Jiang, Zhi-Gang Zhang, Bin-Jie Lu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical effects of percutaneous poking reduction with bone grafting and limited internal fixation for the treatment of calcaneal fractures. METHODS: From May 2013 to October 2016, 53 patients with closed calcaneal fractures were analyzed, and were divided into treatment group and control group. There were 33 patients in treatment group including 25 males and 8 females, aged from 15 to 82 years old with an average of(44.7±14.2) years old; 17 cases were type II and 16 cases were type III according to Sanders classification; treated by percutaneous poking reduction with bone grafting and limited internal fixation...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457427/-percutaneous-reduction-and-kirschner-pin-flxation-through-sinus-tarsi-approach-for-the-treatment-of-sanders-type-iii-calcaneal-fracture
#11
Feng Dai, Peng-Fei Yu, Hong Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical effect of percutaneous reduction and Kirschner pin flxation through sinus tarsi approach in treating Sanders type III calcaneal fracture. METHODS: Totally 22 patients (22 feet) with Sanders III calcaneal fracture were treated with percutaneous reduction and Kirschner pin flxation through sinus tarsi approach form September 2013 to December 2015. Among them, including 18 males and 4 females; aged from 20 to 65 years old with an average of (41...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457420/-treatment-of-intercondylar-fracture-of-the-humerus-through-internal-and-external-elbow-approach-or-elbow-posterior-olecranon-osteotomy-approach
#12
Yun-Xiang Zhong, Xiong-Hui Zhang, Guo-Xiong Cai, Hong-Zhi Zhou, Wen-Li Yang, Xi-Bin Pan, Long-Zhou Guan, Huo-Ling Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy, advantages and disadvantages of internal and external elbow joint approach and olecranon osteotomy approach for the treatment of intercondylar fracture of humerus. METHODS: From October 2012 to May 2016, 18 cases of intercondylar fracture of humerus were treated by operation including 12 males and 6 females with a mean age of 33.5 years old (ranged from 4 to 56 years old); 8 cases were operated by internal and external elbow joint approach, 10 cases were operated by olecranon osteotomy approach...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457416/-meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-pfna-and-intertan-for-the-treatment-of-intertrochanteric-fractures
#13
Jun-Jun Shi, Yu-Ze Wang, Yuan Li, Yuan-Peng Gao, Dong Wang, Zhi-Yong Wang, Zhi-Qiang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To system evaluate the clinical effect and safety of PFNA and InterTAN internal fixation methods for femoral intertrochanteric fracture. METHODS: According to the Cochrane systemic analysis method, randomized controlled trials and quasi-randomized controlled trials which were about the comparison of PFNA and InterTAN for intertrochanteric fracture were collected from Cochrane Library(2017, issue 4), PubMed (January, 2003-May, 2017), Wanfang Med Online (January, 2003-May, 2017) and China Academic Journals Full-text Database(January, 2003-May, 2017) by computer searching...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457411/-effect-of-hip-fracture-at-different-sites-in-elderly-patients-on-prognosis
#14
Cheng Peng, Xiao-Wei Wang, Shao-Guang Li, Zhi Liu, Tian-Sheng Sun, Jian-Zheng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of site of fracture on the prognosis for patients of elderly hip fracture. METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2014, 667 patients with hip fractures were divided into femoral neck fracture group and intertrochanteric fracture group according to the site of fracture. There were 304 cases of intertrochanteric fracture, including 96 males and 208 females, with an average age of (80.33±7.94) years old. There were 217 cases of femoral neck fracture, including 74 males and 143 females, with an average age of (79...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457410/-effect-of-admission-blood-urea-and-creatinine-levels-on-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-hip-fracture
#15
Cheng-Yu Li, Xing-Chen Zhang, Xin Zheng, Min Rui, Sheng-Cheng Yao, Zi-Jiang Song, Feng-Chao Zhao, Kai-Jin Guo
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of admission blood urea and creatinine levels on mortality in elderly patients with hip fracture. METHODS: Form January 2013 to December 2014, 767 elder patients with hip fracture were treated in our hospital including 253 males and 514 females, aged from 65 to 96 years old with an average of(75.67±6.81) years old. According blood urea and creatinine levels, the 767 hip fracture patients were divided into four groups as follow: group A(blood urea>=5 mmol/L, creatinine>=70 μmol/L); group B (blood urea>=5 mmol/L, creatinine<70 μmol/L); group C (blood urea<5 mmol/L, creatinine>=70 μmol/L); group D(blood urea<5 mmol/L, creatinine<70 μmol/L)...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457408/-double-plate-fixation-via-combined-approaches-for-the-treatment-of-old-tibial-plateau-fractures-of-schatzker-type-iv
#16
Hong-Lue Tan, Peng-Yi Dai, Wei-Feng Liu, Yan-Hao Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical efficacy of double-plate fixation for the treatment of old tibial plateau fractures with Schatzker type IV through anterior midline and posteromedial approaches. METHODS: From July 2013 to July 2015, 15 patients with old tibial plateau fractures were treated with internal fixation using locking reconstructive plate for the posteromedial fragment and anatomical locking plate for anteromedial fragment through antero midline and posteromedial approaches...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457399/-osseous-bridge-resection-for-the-treatment-of-adult-talocalaneal-coalitions-without-arthritis
#17
Bing Xie, Shuo Yan, Hao Zhang, Yuan-Wei Wang, Jing Tian
OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical outcomes of osseous-bridge resection for the treatment of adult symptomatic talocalcaneal coalitions without arthritis. METHODS: The clinical data of 12 patients (15 feet) with symptomatic talocalcaneal coalitions without arthtitis from January 2013 to June 2016 were respectively analyzed. All cases were secondary talocalcaneal coalition. There were 9 males (11 feet) and 3 females (4 feet) with a mean (26.6±3.3) years old (ranged, 18 to 33 years old)...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457394/-clinical-research-on-suture-anchor-fixation-for-the-treatment-of-avulsion-fracture-of-tibial-intercondylar-eminence-under-arthroscopy
#18
Ji Li, Zhong-Li Li, Wei-Xiong Liao, Hao Zhang, Ke-Tao Wang, Yi-Meng Yang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early clinical effects of suture anchor fixation for the treatment of avulsion fracture of tibial intercondylar eminence under arthroscopy. METHODS: From July 2012 to January 2015, 22 patients with the avulsion fracture of tibial intercondylar eminence were treated with arthroscopic suture anchor fixation. There were 12 males and 10 females, with an average age of 22.8 years old(ranged, 18 to 33 years old). Nine patients had the fractures in the right knee and 13 patients had the fractures in the left knee...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457392/-analysis-on-the-occult-blood-loss-after-unicompartment-knee-arthroplasty
#19
Zhan-Feng Zhang, Ji-Kang Min, Dan Wang, Jian-Ming Zhong, Heng Li
OBJECTIVE: To calculate the volume of occult blood loss after unicompartment knee arthroplasty(UKA), and analyze its influential factors by comparing with total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: A retrospective study of 130 cases from July 2012 to July 2015 were enrolled, of which and 65 cases were UKA, and 65 cases were TKA. In UKA group there were 27 males and 38 females, and the mean age was (62.3±4.3) years old (ranged, 50 to 82 years old). There were 14 cases older than 70 years old, while 51 cases among 50 to 70 years old...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457388/-case-control-study-of-therapeutic-effects-between-extreme-lateral-interbody-fusion-and-conventional-posterior-operation-for-the-treatment-of-upper-lumbar-disc-herniation
#20
Can-Hua Xu, Zeng-Hui Wu, Rong-Chun Chen, Hong-Fa Zhong, Qing-Shun Zhang, Ning Liu, Bi Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes between extreme lateral interbody fusion and conventional posterior operation in the treatment of upper lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: Among 60 patients with upper lumbar disc herniation were treated with extreme lateral interbody fusion(XLIF) or conventional posterior operation from June 2010 to December 2014, 30 patients(19 males and 11 females) were treated with XLIF (XLIF group); and the other 30 patients(17 males and 13 females) were treated with conventional posterior operation (conventional group)...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
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