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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677621/depressive-symptoms-in-chinese-male-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-prevalence-and-clinical-correlates
#1
Yan-Min Xu, Fu Li, Xiao-Bo Liu, Bao-Liang Zhong
Depression is common in patients with schizophrenia and associated with serious consequences. However, previous studies have mixed findings on characteristics of depression in schizophrenia, partly because of the use of depressive symptom scales that are not specific to schizophrenia. This study examined the prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in Chinese patients with schizophrenia. A consecutive sample of 349 male inpatients with schizophrenia was recruited from the largest psychiatric specialty hospital in south-central China...
April 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677447/prediction-models-for-assessing-lycopene-in-open-field-cultivated-tomatoes-by-means-of-a-portable-reflectance-sensor-cultivar-and-growing-season-effects
#2
Leonardo Ciaccheri, Lorenza Tuccio, Andrea A Mencaglia, Kalina Maja Sikorska-Zimny, Ewelina Hallmann, Artur Kowalski, Anna Grazia Mignani, Stanislaw Kaniszewski, Giovanni Agati
Reflectance spectroscopy represents a useful tool for the non-destructive assessment of tomato lycopene, even in the field. For this reason, a compact, low-cost, LED-based sensor has been developed to measure reflectance in the 400-750 nm spectral range. It was calibrated against wet chemistry and evaluated by Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression analyses. The lycopene prediction models were defined for two open-field cultivated red-tomato varieties: the processing oblong tomatoes of the cv. Calista (average weight: 76 g) and the fresh-consumption round tomatoes of the cv...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677352/the-economic-burden-of-visual-impairment-and-comorbid-fatigue-a-cost-of-illness-study-from-a-societal-perspective
#3
Wouter Schakel, Hilde P A van der Aa, Christina Bode, Carel T J Hulshof, Ger H M B van Rens, Ruth M A van Nispen
Purpose: To investigate the burden of visual impairment and comorbid fatigue in terms of impact on daily life, by estimating societal costs (direct medical costs and indirect non-health care costs) accrued by these conditions. Methods: This cost-of-illness study was performed from a societal perspective. Cross-sectional data of visually impaired adults and normally sighted adults were collected through structured telephone interviews and online surveys, respectively...
April 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677223/a-4-year-retrospective-radiographic-study-of-marginal-bone-loss-of-156-titanium-implants-placed-with-ultrasonic-site-preparation
#4
Gianmario Schierano, Tomaso Vercellotti, Fabio Modica, Giorgia Corrias, Crescenzo Russo, Davide Cavagnetto, Domenico Baldi, Federica Romano, Stefano Carosa
This retrospective study evaluated implant survival rate (SR) and marginal bone loss around dental implants placed with ultrasonic implant site preparation. A total of 156 implants were placed in 28 totally and partially edentulous patients. Bone loss was measured on intraoral paralleling digital radiographs taken at the impression phase and after 4 years of loading. As 3 implants (1.92%) failed at the second surgery stage, the SR was 98.08% after 4 years. The mean marginal bone loss was 0.52 ± 0.33 mm (0...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677014/continuous-electroencephalography-in-the-critically-ill-clinical-and-continuous-electroencephalography-markers-for-targeted-monitoring
#5
Christopher R Newey, Tyler G Kinzy, Vineet Punia, Stephen Hantus
PURPOSE: Electrographic seizures detected by continuous electroencephalography (CEEG) in critically ill patients with altered mental status is becoming increasingly recognized. Data guiding the appropriate selection of patients to be monitored on CEEG are lacking. The aims of this article were to study the incidence of seizures in the critical care setting and to evaluate for clinical predictors to improve the efficiency of CEEG monitoring. METHODS: Retrospective review of the CEEG and clinical data on 1,123 consecutive patients who had continuous video EEG over a 24-month period...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676928/effect-of-reflexology-on-infantile-colic
#6
Sibel Icke, Rabia Genc
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effect of reflexology on infantile colic. DESIGN: A total of 64 babies with colic were included in this study (n = 31: study group; n = 33: control group). Following a pediatrician's diagnosis, two groups (study and control) were created. Sociodemographic data (including mother's age, educational status, and smoking habits of parents) and medical history of the baby (including gender, birth weight, mode of delivery, time of the onset breastfeeding after birth, and nutrition style) were collected...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676909/-18-f-positron-emitting-trimethine-cyanine-fluorescent-contrast-for-image-guided-prostate-cancer-management
#7
Harikrishna Kommidi, Hua Guo, Fuad Nurili, Yogindra Vedvyas, Moonsoo M Jin, Timothy D McClure, Behfar Ehdaie, Haluk B Sayman, Oguz Akin, Omer Aras, Richard Ting
[18/19 F]-4, an anionic GCPII/PSMA inhibitor for image-guided intervention in prostate cancer, is described. [19 F]-4 is radiolabeled with a radiochemical yield that is ≥27% and a molar activity of 190 ± 50 mCi/μmol in a <1 h, one-step, aqueous isotopic exchange reaction. [19 F]-4 allows PSMA expression to be imaged by fluorescence (FL) and [18 F]-PET. PC3-PIP (PSMA-positive, EC50 = 6.74 ± 1.33 nM) cancers are specifically delineated in mice that bear 3 million (18 mg) PC3-PIP and PC3 (control, PSMA-negative) cells...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676839/analgesic-consumption-trajectories-in-8-975-patients-1-year-after-fast-track-total-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty
#8
C C Jørgensen, M Petersen, H Kehlet, E K Aasvang
BACKGROUND: Persistent or increased long-term opioid consumption has previously been described following total hip- (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, detailed information on postoperative analgesic consumption trajectories and risk factors associated with continued need of analgesics in fast-track THA and TKA is sparse. METHODS: Descriptive multicenter study in primary unilateral fast-track THA or TKA with prospective data on patient characteristics and information on reimbursement entitled dispensed prescriptions of paracetamol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, opioids, anticonvulsants, and antidepressants one month preoperatively and one year postoperatively...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676798/afferent-neural-feedback-overrides-the-modulating-effects-of-arousal-hypercapnia-and-hypoxemia-on-neonatal-cardio-respiratory-control
#9
Kathleen J Lumb, Jennifer M Schneider, Thowfique Ibrahim, Anita Rigaux, Shabih U Hasan
KEY POINTS: Evidence at whole animal, organ-system, and cellular and molecular levels suggests that afferent volume feedback is critical for establishment of adequate ventilation at birth. Due to the irreversible nature of vagal ablation studies to date, it was difficult to quantify the roles of afferent volume input, arousal and changes in blood gas tensions on neonatal respiratory control. During reversible perineural vagal block, profound apneas, and hypoxemia and hypercarbia were observed necessitating termination of perineural blockade...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676740/hydrologic-performance-of-bioretention-in-an-expressway-service-area
#10
Jianping Gao, Junkui Pan, Ning Hu, Chengzuo Xie
Bioretention can be an effective measure for stormwater treatment. However, there is a lack of systematic analysis of the impact of bioretention design parameters on hydrologic performance. Herein, SWMM and RECARGA models were applied to generate the typical annual rainfall runoff and simulate the water balance of the bioretention system in an expressway service area. The purpose of the investigation was to identify key design parameters for the bioretention system and delineate the priorities in developing the design...
April 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676735/determination-of-phthalate-esters-in-seawater-of-chabahar-bay-using-dispersive-liquid-liquid-microextraction-coupled-with-gc-fid
#11
Beheshteh Ajdari, Mahmoud Nassiri, Mir Mahdi Zahedi, Morteza Ziyaadini
Phthalate esters (PEs), a group of environmental pollutants which are possibly carcinogenic to humans, have been detected in seawater. Seven PEs in seawater were quantitatively determined by using gas-chromatography flame ionizing detection after executing dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction. The suggested method is optimized for microextraction and determination of PEs in artificial sea water. Factors affecting the microextraction procedure such as the type and volume of extracting and dispersive solvents (carbon tetrachloride, 20 μL; methanol, 0...
April 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676682/growth-and-alignment-of-the-pediatric-subaxial-cervical-spine-following-rigid-instrumentation-and-fusion-a-multicenter-study-of-the-pediatric-craniocervical-society
#12
Hannah E Goldstein, Justin A Neira, Matei Banu, Philipp R Aldana, Bruno P Braga, Douglas L Brockmeyer, Michael L DiLuna, Daniel H Fulkerson, Todd C Hankinson, Andrew H Jea, Sean M Lew, David D Limbrick, Jonathan Martin, Joshua M Pahys, Luis F Rodriguez, Curtis J Rozzelle, Gerald F Tuite, Nicholas M Wetjen, Richard C E Anderson
OBJECTIVE The long-term effects of surgical fusion on the growing subaxial cervical spine are largely unknown. Recent cross-sectional studies have demonstrated that there is continued growth of the cervical spine through the teenage years. The purpose of this multicenter study was to determine the effects of rigid instrumentation and fusion on the growing subaxial cervical spine by investigating vertical growth, cervical alignment, cervical curvature, and adjacent-segment instability over time. METHODS A total of 15 centers participated in this multi-institutional retrospective study...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676561/highly-stable-mesoporous-luminescence-functionalized-mof-with-excellent-electrochemiluminescence-property-for-ultrasensitive-immunosensor-construction
#13
Gui-Bing Hu, Cheng-Yi Xiong, Wen-Bin Liang, Xiao-Shan Zeng, Hui-Ling Xu, Yang Yang, Li-Ying Yao, Ruo Yuan, Dong-Rong Xiao
In this work, a novel mesoporous luminescence-functionalized metal-organic framework (Ru-PCN-777) with high stability and excellent electrochemiluminescence (ECL) performance was synthesized by immobilizing Ru(bpy)2(mcpbpy)2+ on the Zr6 cluster of PCN-777 via a strong coordination bond between Zr4+ and -COO-. Consequently, the Ru(bpy)2(mcpbpy)2+ could not only cover the surface of PCN-777, but also grafted into the interior of PCN-777, which greatly increased the loading amount of Ru(bpy)2(mcpbpy)2+ and effectively prevented the leaching of the Ru(bpy)2(mcpbpy)2+ resulting in a stable and high ECL response...
April 20, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676444/ethnic-disparity-in-primary-cutaneous-cd30-t-cell-lymphoproliferative-disorders-an-analysis-of-1496-cases-from-the-us-national-cancer-database
#14
Chang Su, Kevin A Nguyen, Harrison X Bai, Cheryl K Zogg, Ya Cao, Giorgos Karakousis, Paul J Zhang, Guiying Zhang, Rong Xiao
Primary cutaneous CD30+ T cell lymphoproliferative disorders (PCLPD), the second most common type of primary cutaneous T cell lymphomas, accounts for approximately 25-30% of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma cases. However, only small retrospective studies have been reported. We aimed to identify prognostic factors and evaluate the overall survival (OS) of patients with PCLPD stratified by ethnicity. We identified 1496 patients diagnosed with PCLPD between 2004 and 2014 in the US National Cancer Database. Chi-square test and anova were used to evaluate differences in demographic and disease characteristics, socioeconomic factors and treatments received...
April 20, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676360/detection-of-immunoglobulin-m-and-immunoglobulin-g-antibodies-to-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-in-children-with-community-acquired-lower-respiratory-tract-infections
#15
Surinder Kumar, Indu Bala Garg, Gulshan Rai Sethi, Sanchit Kumar, Sanjeev R Saigal
Context: Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) causes up to 40% of community-acquired pneumonia in children. It is impossible to identify M. pneumoniae infection on the basis of clinical signs, symptoms, and radiological features. Therefore, correct etiological diagnosis strongly depends on laboratory diagnosis. Aims: This study aims to investigate the role of M. pneumonia e in pediatric lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) employing enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and particle agglutination (PA) test...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676293/association-between-polymorphism-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-tnf%C3%AE-in-the-region-308-g-a-with-tinnitus-in-the-elderly-with-a-history-of-occupational-noise-exposure
#16
Luciana L M Marchiori, Ana C M Dias, Alyne S Gonçalvez, Regina C Poly-Frederico, Marcelo Y Doi
Context: Tinnitus is a common disorder that occurs frequently across all strata of population and has an important health concern and is often associated with different forms of the hearing loss of varying severity. Aims: To investigate the association between the polymorphism of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) in the region -308 G/A with the susceptibility to tinnitus in individuals with the history of exposure to occupational noise. Settings and Design: This was a cross-sectional study with a sample of 179 independent elderly people above 60 years of age...
March 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676281/risk-thresholds-for-alcohol-consumption-combined-analysis-of-individual-participant-data-for-599-912-current-drinkers-in-83-prospective-studies
#17
Angela M Wood, Stephen Kaptoge, Adam S Butterworth, Peter Willeit, Samantha Warnakula, Thomas Bolton, Ellie Paige, Dirk S Paul, Michael Sweeting, Stephen Burgess, Steven Bell, William Astle, David Stevens, Albert Koulman, Randi M Selmer, W M Monique Verschuren, Shinichi Sato, Inger Njølstad, Mark Woodward, Veikko Salomaa, Børge G Nordestgaard, Bu B Yeap, Astrid Fletcher, Olle Melander, Lewis H Kuller, Beverley Balkau, Michael Marmot, Wolfgang Koenig, Edoardo Casiglia, Cyrus Cooper, Volker Arndt, Oscar H Franco, Patrik Wennberg, John Gallacher, Agustín Gómez de la Cámara, Henry Völzke, Christina C Dahm, Caroline E Dale, Manuela M Bergmann, Carlos J Crespo, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Rudolf Kaaks, Leon A Simons, Pagona Lagiou, Josje D Schoufour, Jolanda M A Boer, Timothy J Key, Beatriz Rodriguez, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, Karina W Davidson, James O Taylor, Carlotta Sacerdote, Robert B Wallace, J Ramon Quiros, Rosario Tumino, Dan G Blazer, Allan Linneberg, Makoto Daimon, Salvatore Panico, Barbara Howard, Guri Skeie, Timo Strandberg, Elisabete Weiderpass, Paul J Nietert, Bruce M Psaty, Daan Kromhout, Elena Salamanca-Fernandez, Stefan Kiechl, Harlan M Krumholz, Sara Grioni, Domenico Palli, José M Huerta, Jackie Price, Johan Sundström, Larraitz Arriola, Hisatomi Arima, Ruth C Travis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Anna Karakatsani, Antonia Trichopoulou, Tilman Kühn, Diederick E Grobbee, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Natasja van Schoor, Heiner Boeing, Kim Overvad, Jussi Kauhanen, Nick Wareham, Claudia Langenberg, Nita Forouhi, Maria Wennberg, Jean-Pierre Després, Mary Cushman, Jackie A Cooper, Carlos J Rodriguez, Masaru Sakurai, Jonathan E Shaw, Matthew Knuiman, Trudy Voortman, Christa Meisinger, Anne Tjønneland, Hermann Brenner, Luigi Palmieri, Jean Dallongeville, Eric J Brunner, Gerd Assmann, Maurizio Trevisan, Richard F Gillum, Ian Ford, Naveed Sattar, Mariana Lazo, Simon G Thompson, Pietro Ferrari, David A Leon, George Davey Smith, Richard Peto, Rod Jackson, Emily Banks, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, John Danesh
BACKGROUND: Low-risk limits recommended for alcohol consumption vary substantially across different national guidelines. To define thresholds associated with lowest risk for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease, we studied individual-participant data from 599 912 current drinkers without previous cardiovascular disease. METHODS: We did a combined analysis of individual-participant data from three large-scale data sources in 19 high-income countries (the Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration, EPIC-CVD, and the UK Biobank)...
April 14, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676074/immune-characterization-of-bone-marrow-derived-models-of-mucosal-and-connective-tissue-mast-cells
#18
Sara Benedé, Evan Cody, Charuta Agashe, M Cecilia Berin
PURPOSE: It is well appreciated that mast cells (MCs) demonstrate tissue-specific imprinting, with different biochemical and functional properties between connective tissue MCs (CTMCs) and mucosal MCs (MMCs). Although in vitro systems have been developed to model these different subsets, there has been limited investigation into the functional characteristics of the 2 major MC subsets. Here, we report the immunologic characterization of 2 MCs subsets developed in vitro from bone marrow progenitors modeling MMCs and CTMCs...
May 2018: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676068/trpv1-blocking-alleviates-airway-inflammation-and-remodeling-in-a-chronic-asthma-murine-model
#19
Joon Young Choi, Hwa Young Lee, Jung Hur, Kyung Hoon Kim, Ji Young Kang, Chin Kook Rhee, Sook Young Lee
PURPOSE: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airway disease characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), inflammation, and remodeling. There is emerging interest in the involvement of the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channel in the pathophysiology of asthma. This study examined whether TRPV1 antagonism alleviates asthma features in a murine model of chronic asthma. METHODS: BALB/c mice were sensitized to and challenged by ovalbumin to develop chronic asthma...
May 2018: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675995/bridging-the-hiv-treatment-gap-in-nigeria-examining-community-antiretroviral-treatment-models
#20
Edward A Oladele, Okikiolu A Badejo, Christopher Obanubi, Emeka F Okechukwu, Ezekiel James, Golden Owhonda, Onuche I Omeh, Moyosola Abass, Olubunmi R Negedu-Momoh, Norma Ojehomon, Dorothy Oqua, Satish Raj-Pandey, Hadiza Khamofu, Kwasi Torpey
INTRODUCTION: Significant gaps persist in providing HIV treatment to all who are in need. Restricting care delivery to healthcare facilities will continue to perpetuate this gap in limited resource settings. We assessed a large-scale community-based programme for effectiveness in identifying people living with HIV and linking them to antiretroviral treatment. METHODS: A retrospective secular trend study of 14 high burden local government areas of Nigeria was conducted in which two models of community antiretroviral treatment delivery were implemented: Model A (on-site initiation) and Model B (immediate referral) clusters...
April 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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