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endotracheal supraglottic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628601/i-gel%C3%A2-may-be-the-device-of-choice-for-controlled-ventilation-in-patients-with-hemophilia-undergoing-abdominal-laparoscopic-surgery
#1
Sreyashi Sen, Koel Mitra, Shanta Ganguli, Sudakshina Mukherji
Haemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder with variable deficiency of Factor VIII in the plasma and is characterised by bleeding into joints, muscles and tissues either spontaneously or in response to trivial trauma. Perioperative care requires multidisciplinary involvement. Perioperative management involves the risk of excessive bleeding from surgical site as well as spontaneous bleeding into the brain in response to surgical stress in patients with previous history of intracerebral haemorrhage. Airway management of such patients during anaesthetic intervention is a challenge and entails the risk of life threatening haemorrhage into the airway...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623556/anesthesia-for-interventional-pulmonology-procedures-a-review-of-advanced-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-bronchoscopy
#2
Andres de Lima, Fayez Kheir, Adnan Majid, John Pawlowski
PURPOSE: Interventional pulmonology is a growing subspecialty of pulmonary medicine with flexible and rigid bronchoscopies increasingly used by interventional pulmonologists for advanced diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. This review discusses different technical aspects of anesthesia for interventional pulmonary procedures with an emphasis placed on pharmacologic combinations, airway management, ventilation techniques, and common complications. SOURCE: Relevant medical literature was identified by searching the PubMed and Google Scholar databases for publications on different anesthesia topics applicable to interventional pulmonary procedures...
April 5, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619557/performance-and-skill-retention-of-five-supraglottic-airway-devices-for-the-pediatric-difficult-airway-in-a-manikin
#3
Johannes Kulnig, Lisa Füreder, Nicole Harrison, Michael Frass, Oliver Robak
Supraglottic airway devices (SADs) have been introduced to assist medical professionals in emergency situations with limited experience in securing airways via conventional endotracheal intubation (ETI). Literature on the use of SADs for securing an airway during pediatric critical settings is scarce, and there is a lack of studies comparing different SADs to each other and to conventional ETI. We conducted a study comparing five different SADs to ETI with regard to success rate, time to first ventilation, and personal rating in a pediatric manikin under simulated physiologic and pathologic airway conditions in 41 pediatricians of varying clinical experience and training...
April 5, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619333/role-of-opioids-as-coinduction-agent-with-propofol-and-their-effect-on-apnea-time-recovery-time-and-sedation-score
#4
Manisha Bhatt Dwivedi, Anisha Puri, Sankalp Dwivedi, Harinder Deol
Background: Laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a supraglottic device which requires lesser depth of anaesthesia, evokes lesser hemodynamic response and causes lesser stimulation of airway as compared to traditional definitive airway device endotracheal tube. Its placement is possible without muscle relaxants thereby allowing maintenance of anaesthesia on spontaneous respiration thus preventing apnoea or minimizing apnoea time. Propofol, the commonly used induction agent, causes cardiorespiratory depression at higher induction doses...
January 2018: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501310/risk-factors-for-laryngeal-trauma-and-granuloma-formation-in-pediatric-intubations
#5
Minyoung Jang, Krystyne Basa, Jessica Levi
OBJECTIVE: Intubation has been associated with laryngeal injury that often resolves spontaneously without complication. We present a case of a child intubated for less than 48 hours, who presented with dysphonia and intermittent dyspnea two months after intubation due to epiglottic and vocal process granulomas. This is unusual in that multiple granulomas were found in the posterior glottis and supraglottis after short-term intubation. Our objective was to determine if there are risk factors for developing persistent post-intubation sequelae, including the delayed presentation and unusual location of post-intubation granulomas in our case...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416238/i-gel-versus-laryngeal-mask-airway-lma-classic-as-a-conduit-for-tracheal-intubation-using-ventilating-bougie
#6
Aditi A Dhimar, Bhavika R Sangada, Mahendra R Upadhyay, Sangita H Patel
Background and Aims: Supraglottic airways (SGAs) are generally used for airway management; but can also be used as a conduit for tracheal intubation. Our primary aim was to evaluate i-Gel and laryngeal mask airway (LMA) classic as conduits for tracheal intubation using ventilating bougie by assessing number of attempts and time for insertion of SGAs, ventilating bougie and endotracheal tube (ETT), and total intubation time. Material and Methods: A randomized clinical trial was carried out in 58 patients requiring general anesthesia and endotracheal intubation for planned surgery...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364743/comparison-of-the-i-gel-supraglottic-and-king-laryngotracheal-airways-in-a-simulated-tactical-environment
#7
Juan A March, Theresa E Tassey, Noel B Resurreccion, Roberto C Portela, Stephen E Taylor
BACKGROUND: When working in a tactical environment there are several different airway management options that exist. One published manuscript suggests that when compared to endotracheal intubation, the King LT laryngotracheal airway (KA) device minimizes time to successful tube placement and minimizes exposure in a tactical environment. However, comparison of two different blind insertion supraglottic airway devices in a tactical environment has not been performed. This study compared the I-Gel airway (IGA) to the KA in a simulated tactical environment, to determine if one device is superior in minimizing exposure and minimizing time to successful tube placement...
January 24, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315046/supraglottic-airway-devices-current-and-future-uses
#8
Lloyd E Kwanten, Pradeep Madhivathanan
Supraglottic airway devices have increasingly been used in anaesthesia since their invention in 1982. Now over half of general anaesthetic cases in the UK use them, and they have vital roles in difficult airway algorithms, pre-hospital use and emergency medicine. This article presents the current evidence regarding the complications of these devices, and compares these devices and endotracheal intubation. The technology of the newer generation devices has improved the safety profile, and they may be considered a better choice than endotracheal tubes in some cases...
January 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302698/out-of-hospital-airway-management-during-manual-compression-or-automated-chest-compression-devices-a-registry-based-analysis
#9
M Bernhard, N H Behrens, J Wnent, S Seewald, S Brenner, T Jantzen, A Bohn, J T Gräsner, M Fischer
BACKGROUND: Airway management during resuscitation is pivotal for treating hypoxia and inducing reoxygenation. This German Resuscitation Registry (GRR) analysis investigated the influence of the type of airway used in patients treated with manual chest compression (mCC) and automated chest compression devices (ACCD) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: Out of 42,977 patients (1 January 2010-30 June 2016) information on outcome, airway management and method of chest compressions were available for 27,544 patients...
February 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175355/an-assessment-of-ventilation-and-perfusion-markers-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-patients-receiving-mechanical-cpr-with-endotracheal-or-supraglottic-airways
#10
Torben K Becker, Aric W Berning, Arjun Prabhu, Clifton W Callaway, Francis X Guyette, Christian Martin-Gill
AIM OF THE STUDY: Mechanical chest compression (MCPR) devices are considered equivalent to manual compressions in patient outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, recent data suggest possible harm in patients with a supraglottic airway device (SGA) during MCPR. The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in direct and indirect markers of ventilation and perfusion in patients with cardiac arrest receiving MCPR and who had their airway managed with an endotracheal tube (ETT) or SGA...
January 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171300/tubeless-total-intravenous-anesthesia-spontaneous-ventilation-for-adult-suspension-microlaryngoscopy
#11
Mi Jin Yoo, Aaron M Joffe, Tanya K Meyer
INTRODUCTION: Maintaining spontaneous ventilation (SV) under total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) without an endotracheal tube provides uninterrupted and unobstructed surgical access for suspension microlaryngoscopy (SML). This study describes the method and outcome of adults who underwent SML under tubeless TIVA-SV. METHODS: Retrospective review of adults who underwent SML between June 2014 and September 2016 using TIVA-SV without an endotracheal tube. RESULTS: Sixty-six cases in 36 patients were included with mean age of 50...
January 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152934/a-prospective-randomised-trial-of-the-ambu-auragain-laryngeal-mask-versus-the-lma-protector-airway-in-paralysed-anaesthetised-adult-men
#12
Berthold Moser, Laurent Audigé, Christian Keller, Joseph Brimacombe, Lukas Gasteiger, Heinz R Bruppacher
BACKGROUND: We hypothesise that oropharyngeal leak pressures differ between the LMA® ProtectorTM and the AuraGainTM, two novel supraglottic airway devices offering the possibility of intubation. METHODS: 98 male patients ASAI-II were randomly assigned to the AuraGainTM or ProtectorTM group. Oropharyngeal leak pressure was measured by incrementing cuff volume in 10 ml steps from 10 ml to 40 ml. The primary outcome was oropharyngeal leak pressure at 40 ml cuff volume...
November 17, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114411/clinical-comparison-of-i-gel-supraglottic-airway-device-and-cuffed-endotracheal-tube-for-pressure-controlled-ventilation-during-routine-surgical-procedures
#13
Ankur Dhanda, Shalendra Singh, Anju R Bhalotra, Siddharth Chavali
Objective: Recently, there has been a trend favouring the use of supraglottic airway devices over endotracheal tubes (ETT) during short surgical procedures. In this study, we are going to assess the suitability of one such supraglottic airway device, i-gel, for pressure-controlled ventilation (PCV) during routine surgical procedures. Methods: The airway management for 60 patients was done with either i-gel (Group I) or cuffed tracheal tube (Group E) for this prospective, randomised, double-blinded study...
October 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066653/use-of-i-gel-for-laser-ablation-of-a-bronchial-lesion
#14
Rakesh Garg, Sakshi Thakore, Karan Madan, Anant Mohan
The use of laser for airway lesions requires airway management. Usual options include special laser-resistant endotracheal tubes. The use of supraglottic devices have been described in the literature. Laryngeal mask airway carries the risk of cuff damage during the use of laser. i-gel is made of thermoplastic material and does not require air inflation and thus potentially reduce the risk of cuff rupture. i-gel use in laser surgeries has not been described in the literature. We present successful airway management in laser surgery for bronchial tumour using i-gel...
October 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058266/limitations-of-pediatric-supraglottic-airway-devices-as-conduits-for-intubation-an-in-vitro-study
#15
Maren Kleine-Brueggeney, Manuel Kotarlic, Lorenz Theiler, Robert Greif
PURPOSE: Supraglottic airway devices (SGAs) can be used as conduits for intubation, but data and manufacturers' recommendations for pediatric SGA are incomplete and sometimes misleading. This situation can result in the use of incompatible combinations of SGAs and endotracheal tubes (ETTs). To address this mismatch possibility, we performed an in vitro study to establish an overview of possible combinations of SGAs and ETTs. METHODS: We tested the passage of ETTs through SGAs in vitro and subsequent SGA removal with eight pediatric SGAs and six ETTs of different sizes in vitro...
January 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027772/supraglottic-airway-devices-indications-contraindications-and-management
#16
Joanna Gordon, Richard M Cooper, Matteo Parotto
Supraglottic airway devices (SADs) have become an essential tool in airway management. Over the past three decades, these devices have been increasingly adopted as an alternative to face mask ventilation and/or endotracheal intubation. The range of proposed uses and features has increased significantly. They are used in pre- and in-hospital settings, elective and emergency anesthesia, in spontaneously breathing and ventilated patients, as conduits for intubation, as a bridge to extubation and for airway rescue...
March 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948850/the-impact-of-airway-strategy-on-the-patient-outcome-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#17
Patrick Sulzgruber, Philip Datler, Fritz Sterz, Michael Poppe, Elisabeth Lobmeyr, Markus Keferböck, Sebastian Zeiner, Alexander Nürnberger, Andreas Schober, Pia Hubner, Peter Stratil, Christian Wallmueller, Christoph Weiser, Alexandra-Maria Warenits, Andreas Zajicek, Florian Ettl, Ingrid Magnet, Thomas Uray, Christoph Testori, Raphael van Tulder
BACKGROUND: While guidelines mentioned supraglottic airway management in the case of out-of- hospital cardiac arrest, robust data of their impact on the patient outcome remain scare and results are inconclusive. METHODS: To assess the impact of the airway strategy on the patient outcome we prospectively enrolled 2224 individuals suffering cardiac arrest who were treated by the Viennese municipal emergency medical service. To control for potential confounders, propensity score matching was performed...
September 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927951/definitive-airway-management-after-pre-hospital-supraglottic-airway-insertion-outcomes-and-a-management-algorithm-for-trauma-patients
#18
Matthew C Hernandez, Johnathon M Aho, Martin D Zielinski, Scott P Zietlow, Brian D Kim, David S Morris
BACKGROUND: Prehospital airway management increasingly involves supraglottic airway insertion and a paucity of data evaluates outcomes in trauma populations. We aim to describe definitive airway management in traumatically injured patients who necessitated prehospital supraglottic airway insertion. METHODS: We performed a single institution retrospective review of multisystem injured patients (≥15years) that received prehospital supraglottic airway insertion during 2009 to 2016...
January 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920047/the-effects-of-endotracheal-tube-and-i-gel%C3%A2-supraglottic-airway-device-on-respiratory-impedance-a-prospective-observational-study
#19
Shoko Nakano, Junko Nakahira, Yosuke Kuzukawa, Toshiyuki Sawai, Toshiaki Minami
BACKGROUND: The forced oscillation technique (FOT) is a non-invasive means of measuring respiratory resistance and reactance. We tested our hypothesis that endotracheal intubation would cause more substantial preoperative increases in FOT parameters than a supraglottic airway device (SGD). METHODS: Forty patients requiring general anesthesia and mechanical ventilation for transurethral bladder tumor resection underwent spirometry the day before surgery. Forced oscillation was measured using a MostGraph-01 device the day before surgery and immediately after removal of the airway adjunct...
February 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905252/human-and-equipment-resources-for-difficult-airway-management-airway-education-programs-and-capnometry-use-in-japanese-emergency-departments-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#20
Yuko Ono, Koichi Tanigawa, Kazuaki Shinohara, Tetsuhiro Yano, Kotaro Sorimachi, Ryota Inokuchi, Jiro Shimada
BACKGROUND: Although human and equipment resources, proper training, and the verification of endotracheal intubation are vital elements of difficult airway management (DAM), their availability in Japanese emergency departments (EDs) has not been determined. How ED type and patient volume affect DAM preparation is also unclear. We conducted the present survey to address this knowledge gaps. METHODS: This nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted from April to September 2016...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
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