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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341053/-the-use-of-anticonvulsants-and-the-levels-of-folate-vitamin-b12-and-homocysteine
#1
D Dinç, P F J Schulte
BACKGROUND Patients with epilepsy who use anticonvulsants frequently show low levels of folate and vitamin B12 and high levels of homocysteine. Patients with bipolar disorder use some anticonvulsants as mood stabilisers.<br/> AIM: To determine whether some anticonvulsants lower folate and vitamin B12 and raise homocysteine levels.<br/> METHOD: Systematic literature search to determine the relation between the anticonvulsants valproic acid, carbamazepine, lamotrigine and topiramate on the one hand and blood levels of folate, vitamin B12 and homocysteine on the other hand...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339173/neuroprotective-effects-of-topiramate-and-memantine-in-combination-with-hypothermia-in-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#2
Elisa Landucci, Luca Filippi, Elisabetta Gerace, Serena Catarzi, Renzo Guerrini, Domenico E Pellegrini-Giampietro
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a major cause of perinatal mortality and subsequent severe neurological sequelae. Mild hypothermia is a standard therapy for HIE, but is used only in selected Reference Centers and in neonates >1800 g. Since neuronal death following HIE occurs by a cascade of events triggered by activation of glutamate receptors, we used in vitro and in vivo models of HIE to examine whether the AMPA/kainate receptor antagonist topiramate and the NMDA receptor antagonist memantine could exert neuroprotective effects, alone or in combination with hypothermia...
January 12, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335879/current-approaches-and-new-developments-in-the-pharmacological-management-of-tourette-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
Julio Quezada, Keith A Coffman
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder of unknown etiology characterized by spontaneous, involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics. Once thought to be rare, TS affects 0.3-1% of the population. Tics can cause physical discomfort, emotional distress, social difficulties, and can interfere with education and desired activities. The pharmacologic treatment of TS is particularly challenging, as currently the genetics, neurophysiology, and neuropathology of this disorder are still largely unknown...
January 15, 2018: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332075/patient-evaluation-and-selection-for-movement-disorders-surgery-the-changing-spectrum-of-indications
#4
Steffen Paschen, Günther Deuschl
This report summarizes the state-of-the-art and controversies around patient selection for deep brain stimulation (DBS) for various conditions. Parkinson's disease (PD): several class I studies have shown superiority of DBS over best medical treatment for advanced PD with fluctuations and further inclusion criteria. One class I study suggests that PD patients with early motor complications might gain more quality of life if operated within 3 years after the onset of fluctuations. The subthalamic nucleus (STN) is still the standard target...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323048/topiramate-as-a-neuroprotective-agent-in-a-rat-model-of-spinal-cord-injury
#5
Firat Narin, Sahin Hanalioglu, Huseyin Ustun, Kamer Kilinc, Burcak Bilginer
Topiramate (TPM) is a widely used antiepileptic and antimigraine agent which has been shown to exert neuroprotective effects in various experimental traumatic brain injury and stroke models. However, its utility in spinal cord injury has not been studied extensively. Thus, we evaluated effects of TPM on secondary cellular injury mechanisms in an experimental rat model of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). After rat models of thoracic contusive SCI were established by free weight-drop method, TPM (40 mg/kg) was given at 12-hour intervals for four times orally...
December 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308332/topiramate-induced-lithium-toxicity
#6
Afaque H Khan, Shazia Q Shah
This case report discusses a suspected case of lithium toxicity following the administration of topiramate (TPM). Our patient is a 47-year-old man who has been an inpatient for the past year and was diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder bipolar type 1 for the past 20 years according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5). He manifested symptoms of lithium toxicity following administration of TPM to ameliorate the compulsive consumption of food and liquids...
October 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305933/effects-of-weight-loss-medications-on-cardiometabolic-risk-profiles-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#7
Rohan Khera, Ambarish Pandey, Apoorva K Chandar, Mohammad H Murad, Larry J Prokop, Ian J Neeland, Jarett Berry, Michael Camilleri, Siddharth Singh
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We performed a systematic review and network meta-analysis to evaluate the overall and comparative effects of weight-loss medications, approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for long-term use, on cardiometabolic risk profiles of obese adults. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review through February 28, 2017 to identify randomized clinical trials of the effects of FDA-approved weight loss medications (orlistat, lorcaserin, naltrexone-bupropion, phentermine-topiramate, and liraglutide), administered to obese adults for 1 year or more, compared with placebo or another active agent...
January 3, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301630/obesity-pathophysiology-and%C3%A2-management
#8
REVIEW
Kishore M Gadde, Corby K Martin, Hans-Rudolf Berthoud, Steven B Heymsfield
Obesity continues to be among the top health concerns across the globe. Despite our failure to contain the high prevalence of obesity, we now have a better understanding of its pathophysiology, and how excess adiposity leads to type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. Lifestyle modification is recommended as the cornerstone of obesity management, but many patients do not achieve long-lasting benefits due to difficulty with adherence as well as physiological and neurohormonal adaptation of the body in response to weight loss...
January 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301160/-pharmacotherapy-of-vestibular-disorders-nystagmus-and-cerebellar-disorders
#9
K Feil, N Böttcher, O Kremmyda, C Muth, J Teufel, A Zwergal, T Brandt, M Strupp
There are currently different groups of drugs for the pharmacotherapy of vertigo, nystagmus and cerebellar disorders: antiemetics; anti-inflammatories, antimenieres, and antimigraineous medications and antidepressants, anticonvulsants, aminopyridines as well as acetyl-DL-leucine. In acute unilateral vestibulopathy, corticosteroids improve the recovery of peripheral vestibular function, but currently there is not sufficient evidence for a general recommendation. There is insufficient evidence to support the view that 16 mg t...
January 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291205/topiramate-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Sherifa Ahmed Hamed
Drug-induced peripheral neuropathy had been rarely reported as an adverse effect of some antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) at high cumulative doses or even within the therapeutic drug doses or levels. We describe clinical and diagnostic features of a patient with peripheral neuropathy as an adverse effect of chronic topiramate (TPM) therapy. A 37-year-old woman was presented for the control of active epilepsy (2010). She was resistant to some AEDs as mono- or combined therapies (carbamazepine, sodium valproate, levetiracetam, oxcarbazepine and lamotrigine)...
December 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288527/development-and-validation-of-a-stability-indicating-hplc-method-for-topiramate-using-mixed-mode-column-and-charged-aerosol-detector
#11
Eduardo Costa Pinto, Mariana da Silva Gonçalves, Lucio Mendes Cabral, Daniel W Armstrong, Valéria Pereira de Sousa
The analysis of topiramate in the presence of its main degradation products is challenging due to the absence of chromophore moieties and their wide range of polarity. Mixed-mode chromatography has been used in such cases because it combines two or more modes of separation. Charged aerosol detector is also an alternative since its detection is independent of optical properties and analyte ionization. This study aimed to develop and validate two new stability-indicating methods by high-performance liquid chromatography for the main degradation products of topiramate using mixed-mode chromatography and a charged aerosol detector...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287757/efficacy-of-adjuvant-weight-loss-medication-after-bariatric-surgery
#12
Zubaidah Nor Hanipah, Elie C Nasr, Emre Bucak, Philip R Schauer, Ali Aminian, Stacy A Brethauer, Derrick Cetin
BACKGROUND: Some patients do not achieve optimal weight loss or regain weight after bariatric surgery. In this study, we aimed to determine the effectiveness of adjuvant weight loss medications after surgery for this group of patients. SETTING: An academic medical center. METHODS: Weight changes of patients who received weight loss medications after bariatric surgery from 2012 to 2015 at a single center were studied. RESULTS: Weight loss medications prescribed for 209 patients were phentermine (n = 156, 74...
January 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282333/topiramate-use-early-in-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-oral-clefts-a-pregnancy-cohort-study
#13
Sonia Hernandez-Diaz, Krista F Huybrechts, Rishi J Desai, Jacqueline M Cohen, Helen Mogun, Page B Pennell, Brian T Bateman, Elisabetta Patorno
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative risk of oral clefts associated with maternal use of high and low doses of topiramate during the first trimester for epilepsy and nonepilepsy indications. METHODS: This population-based study nested in the US 2000-2010 Medicaid Analytic eXtract included a cohort of 1,360,101 pregnant women with a live-born infant enrolled in Medicaid from 3 months before conception through 1 month after delivery. Oral clefts were defined as the presence of a recorded diagnosis in claims during the first 90 days after birth...
December 27, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281033/comparing-and-combining-topiramate-and-aripiprazole-on-alcohol-related-outcomes-in-a-human-laboratory-study
#14
Carolina L Haass-Koffler, Kimberly Goodyear, William H Zywiak, Lorenzo Leggio, George A Kenna, Robert M Swift
Aims: The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of topiramate up to 200 mg/day and of aripiprazole up to 15 mg/day, alone and combined, in reducing alcohol-related outcomes in a human laboratory study. Method: This was a 5 week, between-subject, double-blind, placebo-controlled human laboratory study with topiramate [0 mg/day (placebo), 100 mg/day, 200 mg/day] and aripiprazole [0 mg/day (placebo), 7.5 mg/day, 15 mg/day] in 90 non-treatment seeking, heavy drinking, alcohol-dependent individuals...
December 21, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275640/lost-in-translation-a-critical-look-at-the-role-that-animal-models-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-play-in-current-drug-discovery-strategies
#15
Kurt Leroy Hoffman, Hugo Cano-Ramírez
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a severe neuropsychiatric illness estimated to affect between 1-3% of the population. In today's literature, there are a number well-validated and convincing animal models of OCD described. Areas covered: Herein, the authors look at the role that animal models of OCD (including transgenic models, deer mouse stereotypy, quinpirole sensitization, post-training signal attenuation, and mouse marble burying) have played in determining the current directions of OCD drug discovery...
December 23, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275494/differences-in-pediatric-headache-prescription-patterns-by-diagnosis
#16
Jonathan Rabner, Allison Ludwick, Alyssa LeBel
BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported prescription patterns for headache medication. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to present the rates of specific medication prescribed to pediatric patients diagnosed with migraine, tension-type headache (TTH), and new daily persistent headache (NDPH), as well as differences in those prescription patterns by diagnosis, age, and gender. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A query using the i2b2 platform yielded 14,591 patients [migraine 10,547 (72...
December 23, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273608/topiramate-in-the-treatment-of-cocaine-use-disorder
#17
Valerie Prince, Kellie C Bowling
PURPOSE: The literature on topiramate use in cocaine-dependent patients was reviewed. SUMMARY: Six randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trials evaluating the use of topiramate in patients who were cocaine dependent were analyzed. The results from the studies indicated that topiramate, when used in combination with cognitive behavioral therapy, may be effective in reducing short-term cocaine use and should be considered as a possible treatment option. Other trials suggested that topiramate was not effective in patients with a dual diagnosis of opioid and cocaine dependence...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260075/topiramate-induced-macular-neurosensory-retinal-detachment
#18
Kevin Rosenberg, Joseph Maguire, Joseph Benevento
Purpose: To present a previously unreported retinal side-effect from topiramate use in two cases. Observations: Macular neurosensory retinal detachments were seen in two patients shortly after beginning oral topiramate. The macular detachments resolved shortly after discontinuing this medication. Conclusions and importance: As these two cases represent the first reports of topiramate-induced macular neurosensory retinal detachment, clinicians should be aware of this potential ocular side effect when administering this medication...
September 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250815/current-and-emerging-pharmacotherapies-for-cessation-of-tobacco-smoking
#19
Nieves Gómez-Coronado, Adam J Walker, Michael Berk, Seetal Dodd
Tobacco use disorder is a chronic illness. With its high comorbidity rate, it is a major cause of years of life lost or years lived with disability; however, is also considered the most preventable cause of death in developed countries. Since the development of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in 1978, treatment options have continued to evolve and expand. Despite this, currently available treatments remain insufficient, with less than 25% of smokers remaining abstinent after one year after treatment. In this article, we review existing and emerging smoking cessation pharmacotherapies, affording a special emphasis on the most promising agents that are currently being investigated...
December 17, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250756/sporadic-nocturnal-frontal-lobe-epilepsy-report-on-two-cases-and-review-of-the-first-taiwanese-series-of-10-cases
#20
Shih-Bin Yeh, Carlos H Schenck
PURPOSE: To report two additional cases of sporadic (i.e. non-familial) Nocturnal Frontal Lobe Epilepsy (NFLE) and integrate these two cases within the first series of 10 cases of sporadic NFLE reported in Taiwanese patients, and compare the findings with familial NFLE and with findings from Caucasian NFLE patients. METHODS: Clinical interviews, neurological examinations, EEG, brain MRI, and overnight videopolysomnographic (vPSG) monitoring with EEG seizure montage, and treatment outcome...
June 15, 2017: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
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