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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623121/-advocacy-for-the-establishment-of-a-comprehensive-strategy-to-reduce-the-burden-of-schizophrenic-disorders
#1
D Leguay
This article attempts to identify and put into perspective the different approaches that could globally prevent the suffering induced by schizophrenia, from the detection of early psychosis to the impact on individual and family functioning and emotional health. Schizophrenia causes, at the community level, a number of difficult consequences and associated costs, which likely could be reduced if specific strategies, already known and documented internationally, were applied. Two areas not explored in this article: the role of medication and the issue of suicide prevention...
September 9, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25647419/latent-class-analysis-reveals-distinct-subgroups-of-patients-based-on-symptom-occurrence-and-demographic-and-clinical-characteristics
#2
Christine Miaskowski, Laura Dunn, Christine Ritchie, Steven M Paul, Bruce Cooper, Bradley E Aouizerat, Kimberly Alexander, Helen Skerman, Patsy Yates
CONTEXT: Cancer patients experience a broad range of physical and psychological symptoms as a result of their disease and its treatment. On average, these patients report 10 unrelieved and co-occurring symptoms. OBJECTIVES: The aims were to determine if subgroups of oncology outpatients receiving active treatment (n = 582) could be identified based on their distinct experience with 13 commonly occurring symptoms; to determine whether these subgroups differed on select demographic and clinical characteristics; and to determine if these subgroups differed on quality of life (QOL) outcomes...
July 2015: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25488234/smart-stress-management-system-for-media-and-arts-employees
#3
Arturas Kaklauskas, Ludmil Kovachec, Andrej Safonov, Rasa Paliskiene, Lina Bartkiene, Ieva Jackute
As the tempo of contemporary life quickens along with the increasing rates of competition on the art and media market, uncertainty about the future and continual demands for greater competency, the risk of experiencing stress unavoidably rises. Stress is the physiological and psychological state of tension in a person caused by external and internal irritants called stressors. Stress is a natural reaction of an organism to internal as well as external, positive as well as negative stimuli. Stress frequently manifests in our lives and it stimulates action, inventiveness and creativity...
2014: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24936994/compliance-and-acceptance-in-antidepressant-treatment
#4
K Demyttenaere
Poor compliance with antidepressant medication is widespread in both primary care and psychiatric practice, and is a major obstacle to the effective management of depression. It is often believed that adverse events and a lack of efficacy associated with inappropriate prescribing of older antidepressants are common reasons why patients discontinue treatment prematurely. However, appropriate prescribing of effective and well-tolerated antidepressants does not necessarily guarantee compliance. A patient's core beliefs and attitudes to treatment also influence the chances of successful management, and studies have shown that patients harbour many unfounded beliefs relating to antidepressant medications and their use...
2001: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23006014/assessment-management-and-prevention-of-childhood-temper-tantrums
#5
REVIEW
Elizabeth Daniels, Barbara Mandleco, Karlen E Luthy
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of normal and abnormal temper tantrum behavior as well as give recommendations nurse practitioners (NPs) can use in counseling families. DATA SOURCES: Articles were identified from the following databases: CINAHL, HEALTH SOURCE: Nursing/Academic edition, Medline, Social Work Abstracts, Social Science Abstracts, Psych INFO, Psychology and Behavioral Science Collection. Textbook references were also identified using Stat!Ref. CONCLUSIONS: Temper tantrums are one of the most common behavior problems in children...
October 2012: Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19192999/management-of-smoking-cessation-in-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Karl Fagerström, Henri-Jean Aubin
BACKGROUND: There is a close relationship between tobacco smoking and psychiatric disorders, and a higher proportion of individuals with mental health conditions smoke compared with the general population. Due to the increased smoking prevalence in this population, patients with psychiatric conditions are at greater risk of smoking-related morbidity and mortality and experience detrimental effects on their quality of life. However, while the majority of individuals with a history of mental health conditions appreciate that smoking is detrimental to their health, they are less likely to quit smoking and have a lower success rate during quit attempts compared with the general population...
February 2009: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17442034/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-people-living-with-diabetes-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Hsiao-yun Chang, Marianne Wallis, Evelin Tiralongo
AIM: This paper is a report of a literature review to explore the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine use amongst people with diabetes to inform nursing practice, education and research. BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus affects the entirety of a person's being and increasingly people use complementary and alternative medicine in conjunction with other medical treatments and lifestyle modifications to manage their condition and improve well-being. METHODS: The CINAHL, Medline, ProQuest nursing journals and Psych INFO databases were searched for the period 1990-2006 using identified keywords...
May 2007: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16946901/psychiatry-and-the-general-hospital-in-an-age-of-uncertainty
#8
Don R Lipsitt
General hospitals have had an illustrious role in the evolution of psychiatry. They have provided a rich soil for the growth of inpatient psychiatric units, consultation-liaison psychiatry, psychosomatic medicine, med-psych units, outpatient psychiatric clinics, emergency services and a whole spectrum of resources for the communities in which they dwell. In some respects, whether attached to universities or not, they have functioned as small colleges for the education and training of scores of health professionals...
June 2003: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16739366/-the-role-of-the-general-practitioner-in-inpatient-psychiatric-care
#9
B Hübner-Liebermann, H Spiessl, G Rogenhofer, C Cording
OBJECTIVE: In the light of the increasing importance of the general practitioner as a gatekeeper within the German psychiatric health care system, his/her role needs to be evaluated. METHOD: On the basis of the psychiatric documentation (DGPPN-BADO) of 4066 patients predictors for referral to inpatient psychiatric care by the general practitioner together with outpatient aftercare were analysed by means of logistic regression models. RESULTS: 18...
April 7, 2005: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16352517/a-study-of-psychiatric-nurses-beliefs-and-attitudes-about-work-safety-and-assaults-in-turkey
#10
Hülya Bilgin, Sevim Buzlu
In Turkey, the cultural structure effects the gender roles in the society, and women are subject to violence in an intense manner both inside the family and in their workplaces. In nursing, which is still defined as a woman's job in our country, it is possible to encounter many aggressive and threatening behaviours. Knowing no geographical borders, aggression leads to dissatisfaction and alienation with the profession for the nurses working at the psychiatric institutions in Turkey, thus aggression is a significant health risk in physical, psychological and social dimensions...
January 2006: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15844748/management-of-intense-countertransference-in-group-psychotherapy-conducted-in-situations-of-civic-conflict
#11
Jarlath F Benson, Robert Moore, Raman Kapur, Cecil A Rice
Conducting group psychotherapy in a situation of intractable conflict such as Northern Ireland activates turbulent emotional dilemmas within psychotherapists and group members alike. Professional practice and therapeutic zeal must struggle daily to survive the stark encounter with the reality of a regressive and primitive psychology and on occasion may succumb to atavistic tendencies, dragging relationships down to primitive levels and leaving connections broken. In this article, three group therapists describe their countertransference struggles when leading such groups...
January 2005: International Journal of Group Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15843249/management-of-intense-countertransference-in-group-psychotherapy-conducted-in-situations-of-civic-conflict
#12
Jarlath F Benson, Robert Moore, Raman Kapur, Cecil A Rice
Conducting group psychotherapy in a situation of intractable conflict such as Northern Ireland activates turbulent emotional dilemmas within psychotherapists and group members alike. Professional practice and therapeutic zeal must struggle daily to survive the stark encounter with the reality of a regressive and primitive psychology and on occasion may succumb to atavistic tendencies, dragging relationships down to primitive levels and leaving connections broken. In this article, three group therapists describe their countertransference struggles when leading such groups...
January 2005: International Journal of Group Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15045177/-modern-concepts-in-the-treatment-of-intersexuality
#13
REVIEW
M Westenfelder
Treatment of intersexuality is demanding and requires experience and interdisciplinary cooperation. Preconditions for normal development and clear gender identification are correct (not emergency) diagnosis and gender assignment and adequate hormonal and surgical treatment. Surgery should be done early (6th to 15th month) as atraumatically as possible with cosmetically and functionally satisfying results. These preconditions are not met consistently, resulting in a 20-25% rate of mistakes in diagnosis and treatment...
April 2004: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12126454/drug-compliance-in-adolescents-assessing-and-managing-modifiable-risk-factors
#14
REVIEW
Betty Staples, Terrill Bravender
Many studies have found that adolescence represents a problem in compliance with prescribed drug regimens. Multiple factors contribute to this problem, including the developmental evolution taking place in the adolescent physique and psyche. Health belief and patient demographic factors, inherent disease and regimen factors, as well as the dynamics between patient and provider may also contribute to problems with compliance to treatment. Simple interventions such as working with the teen to construct a tolerable treatment regimen, assessing anticipated compliance, discussing potential adverse effects, and establishing cues from the adolescent's daily routine can positively impact treatment compliance...
2002: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10320444/psychopharmacologic-management-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Colón
Diabetes mellitus is accompanied by multiple complications involving multiple organ systems. The Diabetes Control and Complication Trial (DCCT) has established the impact of intensive control in the emergence and progression of diabetic complications. Psychiatric disorders in patients with diabetes present a significant challenge and obstacle to glycemic control, and are a source of significant challenge and obstacle to glycemic control, and are a source of significant distress. Psychopharmacologic management of these disorders requires attention to their potential side effects, interactions with other agents, and the impact of psychopharmacologic management on glycemic control...
January 1997: Seminars in Clinical Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9381092/-in-the-grey-area-body-body-psyche-and-social-difficulties-i-new-developments-in-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-somatoform-disorders-exemplified-by-chronic-pain-patients
#16
H G Kopp, J Willi, A Klipstein
The so-called psychosomatic or functional conditions (notably somatoform pain disorders) often cause difficulties in diagnostic classification, clinical management and assessment of disability. Recent trends in diagnosis are reviewed. We describe our first clinical experience of interdisciplinary evaluation of pain patients by functional capacity evaluation and an ergonomically oriented rehabilitation program. This interdisciplinary approach could constitute a new field of close collaboration between physiatry/physical medicine, physiotherapy and psychiatry...
August 23, 1997: Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6515378/-the-psyche-and-cardiac-infarct
#17
C Halhuber
The psychosocial aspects of coronary heart disease before the first myocardial infarction (coronary-prone behaviour in interaction with chronic social risk situations and subacute life events) and the psychic reactions of patients after heart attack (anxiety, depression, denial and overmotivation as a coping strategy) are discussed. Answers are proposed for the following practical questions: Are psychosocial stressors as predictors of coronary disease scientifically documented and accepted as are the traditional risk factors? Must the psychosocial aspects of coronary disease be integrated in new ways into the management of myocardial infarction (comprehensive coronary care) in order to improve prognosis and quality of life for the patient and his family?...
December 8, 1984: Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/2731929/psych-care-and-malpractice-analyze-the-risks
#18
P Eubanks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 1989: Hospitals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1812846/the-psychiatrist-s-role-responses-and-responsibilities-when-a-patient-commits-suicide
#19
N S Kaye, S M Soreff
The suicide of a patient is not an infrequent event in a psychiatrist's practice, and it has a major impact on the clinician as well as on the patient's family and the hospital staff. Dealing with a patient's suicide is a neglected topic in residency training, and many psychiatrists are never taught how to cope with such a situation. The authors review the relevant literature and draw on this as well as on their own clinical experience to recommend specific interventions. They point out that the psychiatrist has a leadership role and a number of responsibilities in the aftermath of a suicide, including notifying the family, the hospital staff, hospital officials, and patients who knew the deceased patient; meeting with the family, the staff, and the patients to encourage discussion and venting of feelings; attending the funeral; and accurately documenting events in the medical record...
June 1991: American Journal of Psychiatry
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