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myofascial syndrome

Levent Özçakar, Ayşe Merve Ata, Bayram Kaymak, Murat Kara, Dinesh Kumbhare
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: On the basis of its various advantages and the relevant awareness of physicians, ultrasound imaging has overwhelmingly taken its place in the scientific arena. This is true both from the side of daily clinical applications and also from the side of research. Yet, ultrasound provides real-time (diagnostic) imaging and (interventional) guidance for a wide spectrum of muscle disorders. In this regard, this review aims to discuss the potential/actual utility of ultrasound imaging in particular muscle disorders, that is, sarcopenia, spasticity and fibromyalgia/myofascial pain syndrome...
June 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
Yu-Ching Lin, Nan-Ying Yu, Ching-Fen Jiang, Shao-Hsia Chang
In this paper, we introduce a newly developed multi-scale wavelet model for the interpretation of surface electromyography (SEMG) signals and validate the model's capability to characterize changes in neuromuscular activation in cases with myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) via machine learning methods. The SEMG data collected from normal (N = 30; 27 women, 3 men) and MPS subjects (N = 26; 22 women, 4 men) were adopted for this retrospective analysis. SMEGs were measured from the taut-band loci on both sides of the trapezius muscle on the upper back while he/she conducted a cyclic bilateral backward shoulder extension movement within 1 min...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
S Lacazio, A Foisy, A Tessier, T Riant, S Ploteau, M-A Perrouin-Verbe, J Rigaud, A Levesque
OBJECTIVE: Pelvic-perineal pain often accompanied by pain of the perineum and pelvi-trochanteric muscles, we sought to observe the frequency of postural disturbances in relation to the pelvi-perineal muscles in patients who consult for pelvic perineal pain compared to a control population free of these pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The prospective monocentric study was conducted during consultations of pelvic perineal pain in the urology department of Nantes and was based on 5 clinical tests successively looking for the presence of thoraco-lumbar hinge syndrome, myofascial syndrome in the pelvic diaphragm, pelvic instability, pelvic-pedic quadrilateral dysfunction and paravertebral muscle hypertonia...
June 5, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
O A Shavlovskaya, N M Fokina
Authors present a case-report of a 36-year-old patient with pain syndrome in the face region (craniomandibular dysfunction with occlusive disorders) involving pericranial muscles and shoulder girdle muscles. Thioctic acid was prescribed as a basic therapy, and relaxation tire, mimic gymnastics, post-isometric relaxation, vitamin and mineral complex were additionally used. Thioctic acid was prescribed according to the following scheme: stage I - intravenous injections of thioctic acid (600 mg/daily, 5 procedures, every other day); stage II - oral administration of the drug in the dose of 600 mg/daily for 3 months...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Danuta Lietz-Kijak, Łukasz Kopacz, Roman Ardan, Marta Grzegocka, Edward Kijak
Chronic face pain syndrome is a diagnostic and therapeutic problem for many specialists, and this proves the interdisciplinary and complex nature of this ailment. Physiotherapy is of particular importance in the treatment of pain syndrome in the course of temporomandibular joint functional disorders. In patients with long-term dysfunction of masticatory muscles, the palpation examination can localize trigger points, that is, thickening in the form of nodules in the size of rice grains or peas. Latent trigger points located in the muscles can interfere with muscular movement patterns, cause cramps, and reduce muscle strength...
2018: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
Scott W Cheatham, Morey J Kolber, Monique Mokha, William J Hanney
OBJECTIVE: Clinicians and researchers often use the numeric pain rating scale (NPRS) and visual analog scale (VAS) to measure and track pain in individuals with myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) and fibromyalgia (FM). The VAS is often used as a reference standard in chronic pain research. To date, no studies have specifically measured the concurrent validity of the NPRS and VAS in these individuals. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the concurrent validity of the NPRS when compared to the reference standard VAS in patients with MPS and FM...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Zahra Yaghoubi, Hamed Pardehshenas, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani
Myofascial pain syndrome is characterized by trigger points in muscles, resulting in pain, limitation of motion, muscle weakness and also referral pain. Upper part of trapezius muscle is one the most common sites in upper quadrant affected by this condition. Among various manual and non-manual techniques, dry needling is one of the most effective treatment methods, and is widely used recently by physiotherapists. A 34 year old, female hairstylist with chronic shoulder pain was admitted to a physiotherapy clinic and was treated with dry needling approach, after which she found improvement of shoulder symptoms and sleep quality...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Hiroto Ishiki, Junya Kinkawa, Aya Watanabe, Chie Watanabe, Tsukuru Chiba, Hiroki Yasui, Naoki Shimada, Keisuke Ariyoshi, Masanori Nojima, Satoru Iwase, Arinobu Tojo, Kohzoh Imai
BACKGROUND: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a condition that involves skeletal muscles. It is caused by overload or disuse of muscles and is characterized by extreme tenderness in the muscles with taut bands. Treatment for MPS is different from that for cancer-related pain. Cancer patients have many factors that cause restriction of body movement and posture. Although cancer patients appear to demonstrate risk factors for MPS, its prevalence has not been reported in patients with incurable cancer...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Keren Grinberg, Michal Granot, Lior Lowenstein, Liora Abramov, Irit Weissman-Fogel
OBJECTIVES: A patient's personal interpretations of a health threat or "illness perceptions" (IPs) are associated with their clinical outcomes. This study explored whether IPs are associated with pain severity and ability to modulate pain in women with chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS), as well as the predictive value of IPs on Myofascial Physical Therapy (MPT) success. METHODS: Illness Perceptions Questionnaire - Revised (IPQ-R), mechanical and heat pain thresholds, mechanical temporal summation (mTS), and conditioned pain modulation (CPM) were evaluated in CPPS patients (n=39) before, and 3 months after MPT...
May 25, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
Orlando Mayoral Del Moral, María Torres Lacomba, I Jon Russell, Óscar Sánchez Méndez, Beatriz Sánchez Sánchez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Susanne G R Klotz, Gesche Ketels, Bernd Löwe, Christian A Brünahl
Objective: Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is a common pain condition with psychosocial and somatic symptoms. Myofascial findings and psychiatric comorbidities are frequent. Therefore, the aim of the study was to analyze myofascial and psychosocial aspects. Furthermore, the study focuses on correlations between these aspects and gender differences in this topic. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Interdisciplinary outpatient clinic for patients with CPPS at the University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany...
May 19, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Siamak Sabour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Khandmaa Dashnyam, Jung-Hwan Lee, Nandin Mandakhbayar, Guang-Zhen Jin, Hae-Hyoung Lee, Hae-Won Kim
The temporomandibular joint disorder, also known as myofascial pain syndrome, is considered one of the prevalent chronic pain diseases caused by muscle inflammation and cartilage degradation in head and neck, and thus influences even biopsychosocial conditions in a lifetime. There are several current treatment methodologies relieving inflammation and preventing degradation of the joint complex. One of the promising non-surgical treatment methods is an intra-articular injection of drugs such as corticosteroids, analgesics, and anti-depressants...
January 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering
Matthew J Hubbard, Bernard A Hildebrand, Monica M Battafarano, Daniel F Battafarano
Soft tissue musculoskeletal pain disorders are common in the primary care setting. Early recognition and diagnosis of these syndromes minimizes patient pain and disability. This article gives a brief overview of the most common soft tissue musculoskeletal pain syndromes. The authors used a regional approach to organize the material, as providers will encounter these syndromes with complaints of pain referring to an anatomic location. The covered disorders include myofascial pain syndrome, rotator cuff tendinopathy, bicipital tendinopathy, subacromial bursitis, olecranon bursitis, epicondylitis, De Quervain disease, trigger finger, trochanteric bursitis, knee bursitis, pes anserine bursitis, Baker cyst, plantar fasciitis, and Achilles tendinopathy...
June 2018: Primary Care
Bruno Bordoni, Fabiola Marelli, Bruno Morabito, Francesca Cavallaro, David Lintonbon
Fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome is a chronic condition causing pain, affecting approximately 0.5%-6% of the developed countries' population, and on average, 2% of the worldwide population. Despite the large amount of scientific literature available, the FM etiology is still uncertain. The diagnosis is based on the clinical presentation and the severity of the symptomatology. Several studies pointed out pathological alterations within the central nervous system, suggesting that FM could originate from a central sensitization of the pain processing centers...
2018: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
Bina Eftekharsadat, Elmira Porjafar, Fariba Eslamian, Seyed Kazem Shakouri, Hamid Reza Fadavi, Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Arash Babaei-Ghazani
Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a common musculoskeletal disorder. This study was designed to compare the effects of aerobic exercise plus acupuncture with acupuncture alone in treatment of patients with MPS. Sixty four patients (55 female and 9 male) with myofascial pain syndrome in their neck and shoulders participated in the study with mean age of 33.1± 6.4. Participants were randomly allocated to aerobic exercise plus acupuncture (n = 32) or acupuncture alone (n = 32) groups. Outcome measurements included Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Pressure Pain Threshold (PPT), Neck Disability Index (NDI) and Quality of Life which was measured with QoL-SF36 scale...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
Tugba Aydin, Bahar Dernek, Tülin Sentürk Ege, Ayse Karan, Cihan Aksoy
Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of dry needling therapy combined with exercise and exercise treatment alone for alleviating the dizziness caused by cervical myofascial pain syndrome. Design: This was a prospective randomized clinical study that included 61 women who had dizziness and myofascial trigger points on the neck muscles. The patients were randomized into a dry needling + exercise group (N = 31) and an exercise only group (N = 30)...
April 28, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Dinesh A Kumbhare, Sara Ahmed, Michael G Behr, Michael D Noseworthy
Objective-The objective of this study is to assess the discriminative ability of textural analyses to assist in the differentiation of the myofascial trigger point (MTrP) region from normal regions of skeletal muscle. Also, to measure the ability to reliably differentiate between three clinically relevant groups: healthy asymptomatic, latent MTrPs, and active MTrP. Methods-18 and 19 patients were identified with having active and latent MTrPs in the trapezius muscle, respectively. We included 24 healthy volunteers...
2018: Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
S G R Klotz, G Ketels, B Richardsen, B Löwe, C A Brünahl
BACKGROUND: The chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) can be associated with physiotherapeutic findings. An interprofessional approach is recommended for patients with CPPS; however, no standardized physiotherapeutic assessment and documentation instrument for specific physiotherapeutic assessments exist, which is not only the foundation for physiotherapy but also for interprofessional communication. OBJECTIVE: The aim was the development of a physiotherapeutic assessment instrument for patients with CPPS and therefore, to create a tool for clinical use, research and interprofessional communication...
June 2018: Der Schmerz
Adelaida M Castro Sánchez, Hector García López, Manuel Fernández Sánchez, José Manuel Pérez Mármol, María Encarnación Aguilar-Ferrándiz, Alejandro Luque Suárez, Guillermo Adolfo Matarán Peñarrocha
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of dry needling versus myofascial release on myofascial trigger points pain in cervical muscles, quality of life, impact of symptoms pain, quality of sleep, anxiety, depression, and fatigue in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome. METHOD: A single-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted. Sixty-four subjects with fibromyalgia were randomly assigned to a dry needling group or a myofascial release group. Pain pressure thresholds of myofascial trigger points were evaluated in the cervical muscles...
April 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
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