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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351285/wine-yeast-phenomics-a-standardized-fermentation-method-for-assessing-quantitative-traits-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-strains-in-enological-conditions
#1
Emilien Peltier, Margaux Bernard, Marine Trujillo, Duyên Prodhomme, Jean-Christophe Barbe, Yves Gibon, Philippe Marullo
This work describes the set up of a small scale fermentation methodology for measuring quantitative traits of hundreds of samples in an enological context. By using standardized screw cap vessels, the alcoholic fermentation kinetics of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains were measured by following their weight loss over the time. This dispositive was coupled with robotized enzymatic assays for measuring metabolites of enological interest in natural grape juices. Despite the small volume used, kinetic parameters and fermentation end products measured are similar with those observed in larger scale vats...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349548/an-effective-surfactant-assisted-hydrothermal-pretreatment-strategy-for-bioethanol-production-from-chili-post-harvest-residue-by-separate-hydrolysis-and-fermentation
#2
Raveendran Sindhu, Parameswaran Binod, Anil Kuruvilla Mathew, Amith Abraham, Ashok Pandey, Edgard Gnansounou, Galliano Eulogio Castro
Surfactants play major role in the delignification of lignocellulosic biomass. Surfactant-assisted hydrothermal pretreatment was evaluated for chili post-harvest residue. Maximum reducing sugar yield of 0.445 g per g of dry biomass (g/g) was obtained when surfactant PEG 6000 was used. Compositional analysis revealed an efficient removal of lignin and hemicelluloses from the pretreated biomass. Fermentation inhibitors such as furfural, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural and organic acids were absent in the hydrolyzate...
January 18, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349547/heterologous-expression-of-two-aspergillus-niger-feruloyl-esterases-in-trichoderma-reesei-for-the-production-of-ferulic-acid-from-wheat-bran
#3
Liangkun Long, Haoyuan Zhao, Dafan Ding, Meijuan Xu, Shaojun Ding
Feruloyl esterase (FAE)-encoding genes AnfaeA and AnfaeB were isolated from Aspergillus niger 0913. For overexpression of the two genes in Trichoderma reesei, constitutive and inductive expression plasmids were constructed based on parental plasmid pAg1-H3. The constructed plasmids contained AnfaeA or AnfaeB gene under the control of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase A gene (gpdA) promoter (from A. nidulans) or cellobiohydrolases I (cbh I) gene promoter (from T. reesei), and cbh I terminator from T. reesei...
January 18, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349493/biotic-elicitation-of-ginsenoside-metabolism-of-mutant-adventitious-root-culture-in-panax-ginseng
#4
Kim-Cuong Le, Wan-Taek Im, Kee-Yoeup Paek, So-Young Park
Biotic elicitation is an important biotechnological strategy for triggering the accumulation of secondary metabolites in adventitious root cultures. These biotic elicitors can be obtained from safe, economically important strains of bacteria found in the rhizosphere and fermented foods. Here, we assayed the effects of filtered cultures of five nitrogen-fixing bacteria and four types of fermentation bacteria on mutant adventitious Panax ginseng root cultures induced in a previous study by colchicine treatment...
January 18, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349039/engineering-escherichia-coli-for-the-production-of-terpene-mixture-enriched-in-caryophyllene-and-caryophyllene-alcohol-as-potential-aviation-fuel-compounds
#5
Weihua Wu, Fang Liu, Ryan W Davis
Recent studies have revealed that caryophyllene and its stereoisomers not only exhibit multiple biological activities but also have desired properties as renewable candidates for ground transportation and jet fuel applications. This study presents the first significant production of caryophyllene and caryolan-1-ol by an engineered E. coli with heterologous expression of mevalonate pathway genes with a caryophyllene synthase and a caryolan-1-ol synthase. By optimizing metabolic flux and fermentation parameters, the engineered strains yielded 449 mg/L of total terpene, including 406 mg/L sesquiterpene with 100 mg/L caryophyllene and 10 mg/L caryolan-1-ol...
June 2018: Metabolic Engineering Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348531/isopentylated-diphenyl-ether-derivatives-from-the-fermentation-products-of-an-endophytic-fungus-phomopsis-fukushii
#6
Zhen-Jie Li, Hai-Ying Yang, Jing Li, Xin Liu, Lin Ye, Wei-Song Kong, Shi-Yun Tang, Gang Du, Zhi-Hua Liu, Min Zhou, Guang-Yu Yang, Qiu-Fen Hu, Xue-Mei Li
Three new isopentylated diphenyl ethers, (1-3), together with two known isopentylated diphenyl ethers derivatives (4 and 5) were isolated from the fermentation products of an endophytic fungus Phomopsis fukushii. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, including extensive 1D- and 2D NMR techniques. Compounds 1-3 were evaluated for their anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (anti-MRSA) activity. The results showed that compounds 1-3 showed strong activity with diameter of inhibition zone (IZD) of 21...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348063/production-of-acids-and-alcohols-from-syngas-in-a-two-stage-continuous-fermentation-process
#7
Haris Nalakath Abubackar, María C Veiga, Christian Kennes
A two-stage continuous system with two stirred tank reactors in series was utilized to perform syngas fermentation using Clostridium carboxidivorans. The first bioreactor (bioreactor 1) was maintained at pH 6 to promote acidogenesis and the second one (bioreactor 2) at pH 5 to stimulate solventogenesis. Both reactors were operated in continuous mode by feeding syngas (CO:CO2:H2:N2; 30:10:20:40; vol%) at a constant flow rate while supplying a nutrient medium at different flow rates of 8.1, 15, 22 and 30 ml/h...
January 6, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346059/fermented-extraction-of-citrus-unshiu-peel-inhibits-viability-and-migration-of-human-pancreatic-cancers
#8
Jungwhoi Lee, Jungsul Lee, Myungseung Kim, Jae Hoon Kim
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most dangerous cancers with high mortality rates. Despite continuous efforts, there has been limited improvement in its prognosis. In this study, we prepared fermented extract of Citrus unshiu peel (fCUP) from the by-product after juice processing and then examined the anticancer effects of fCUP on human pancreatic cancer cells. Treatment with fCUP inhibited the growth of human pancreatic cancer cells through induction of caspase-3 cleavage both in vitro and in vivo. Treatment with fCUP also blocked the migration of human pancreatic cancer cells through activation of intracellular signaling pathways such as MKK3/6 and P38...
January 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345420/integration-of-gas-enhanced-oil-recovery-in-multiphase-fermentations-for-the-microbial-production-of-fuels-and-chemicals
#9
Susana Pedraza-de la Cuesta, Lore Keijzers, Luuk A M van der Wielen, Maria C Cuellar
In multiphase fermentations where the product forms a second liquid phase or where solvents are added for product extraction, turbulent conditions disperse the oil phase as droplets. Surface-active components (SACs) present in the fermentation broth can stabilize the product droplets thus forming an emulsion. Breaking this emulsion increases process complexity and consequently the production cost. In previous works, it has been proposed to promote demulsification of oil/supernatant emulsions in an off-line batch bubble column operating at low gas flow rate...
January 18, 2018: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342350/real-time-monitoring-of-chemical-changes-in-three-kinds-of-fermented-milk-products-during-fermentation-using-quantitative-difference-nmr-spectroscopy
#10
Yi Lu, Hiroto Ishikawa, Yeondae Kwon, Fangyu Hu, Takuya Miyakawa, Masaru Tanokura
Fermented milk products are rising in popularity throughout the world because of their health benefits, including improving digestion, normalizing the function of the immune system, and aiding in weight management. This study applies an in situ quantitative NMR method to monitor chemical changes in three kinds of fermented milk products, Bulgarian yogurt, Caspian Sea yogurt and kefir, during fermentation. As a result, the concentration changes in nine organic compounds, α/β-lactose, α/β-galactose, lactic acid, citrate, ethanol, lecithin, and creatine, were monitored in real time...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342098/mechano-enzymatic-deconstruction-with-a-new-enzymatic-cocktail-to-enhance-enzymatic-hydrolysis-and-bioethanol-fermentation-of-two-macroalgae-species
#11
Sameh Amamou, Cecilia Sambusiti, Florian Monlau, Eric Dubreucq, Abdellatif Barakat
The aim of this study was to explore the efficiency of a mechano-enzymatic deconstruction of two macroalgae species for sugars and bioethanol production, by using a new enzymatic cocktail (Haliatase) and two types of milling modes (vibro-ball: VBM and centrifugal milling: CM). By increasing the enzymatic concentration from 3.4 to 30 g/L, the total sugars released after 72 h of hydrolysis increased (from 6.7 to 13.1 g/100 g TS and from 7.95 to 10.8 g/100 g TS for the green algae U. lactuca and the red algae G...
January 17, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341954/carbapenemase-production-of-clinical-isolates-acinetobacter-baumannii-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-from-a-bulgarian-university-hospital
#12
Atanaska P Petrova, Irina D Stanimirova, Ivan N Ivanov, Michael M Petrov, Tsonka M Miteva-Katrandzhieva, Vasil I Grivnev, Velichka S Kardjeva, Todor V Kantardzhiev, Mariana A Murdjeva
BACKGROUND: Production of Bla OXA-23, OXA-24, OXA-58 and hyperexpression of OXA-51 due to ISAba1 insertion sequence are the leading causes of carbapenem resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii. The loss of OprD transmembrane protein and the overexpression of some effl ux pumps are considered to be the main factors for carbapenem resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa whereas metallo-enzymes' production has a secondary role. AIM: Тo examine the carbapenem resistance due to carbapenemase production among clinically signifi cant Gram-negative non-fermenters from St George University hospital, Plovdiv: A...
December 20, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340150/xylose-absorption-fermentation-and-post-absorptive-metabolism-in-the-pig
#13
REVIEW
Nichole F Huntley, John F Patience
Xylose, as β-1,4-linked xylan, makes up much of the hemicellulose in cell walls of cereal carbohydrates fed to pigs. As inclusion of fibrous ingredients in swine diets continues to increase, supplementation of carbohydrases, such as xylanase, is of interest. However, much progress is warranted to achieve consistent enzyme efficacy, including an improved understanding of the utilization and energetic contribution of xylanase hydrolysis product (i.e. xylooligosaccharides or monomeric xylose). This review examines reports on xylose absorption and metabolism in the pig and identifies gaps in this knowledge that are essential to understanding the value of carbohydrase hydrolysis products in the nutrition of the pig...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339973/one-step-production-of-c6-c8-carboxylates-by-mixed-culture-solely-grown-on-co
#14
Pinjing He, Wenhao Han, Liming Shao, Fan Lü
Background: This study aimed at producing C6-C8 medium-chain carboxylates (MCCAs) directly from gaseous CO using mixed culture. The yield and C2-C8 product composition were investigated when CO was continuously fed with gradually increasing partial pressure. Results: The maximal concentrations of n-caproate, n-heptylate, and n-caprylate were 1.892, 1.635, and 1.033 mmol L-1, which were achieved at the maximal production rates of 0.276, 0.442, and 0.112 mmol L-1 day-1, respectively...
2018: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339235/a-highly-efficient-two-stage-cultivation-strategy-for-lutein-production-using-heterotrophic-culture-of-chlorella-sorokiniana-mb-1-m12
#15
Chun-Yen Chen, I-Chia Lu, Dillirani Nagarajan, Chien-Hsiang Chang, I-Son Ng, Duu-Jong Lee, Jo-Shu Chang
A heterotrophic mutant of Chlorella sorokiniana MB-1-M12 was evaluated for its ability to produce lutein using organic carbon and nitrogen sources and without light irradiation. In batch fermentation, the maximal lutein content (3.67 mg lutein/g biomass) and productivity (2.84 mg/L/d) could be obtained when cultivated in BG-11 medium with 7.5 g/L glucose, 0.75 g/L urea, pH 7.5 and a C/N ratio of 10. A novel two-stage cultivation strategy that integrates fed-batch and semi-batch operations was applied to enhance the lutein production performance...
January 6, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339003/direct-recovery-of-bacillus-subtilis-xylanase-from-fermentation-broth-with-an-alcohol-salt-aqueous-biphasic-system
#16
Hui Suan Ng, Cindy Xin Yi Chai, Yin Hui Chow, Wai Leng Carmen Loh, Hip Seng Yim, Joo Shun Tan, John Chi-Wei Lan
Xylanase enzyme degrades linear polysaccharide β-1,4 xylan and the hemicellulose of the plant cell wall. There is a growing demand in finding a cost-effective alternative for industrial scale production of xylanase with high purity for pharmaceutical applications. In this study, an alcohol/salt aqueous biphasic system (ABS) was adopted to recover xylanase from the Bacillus subtilis fermentation broth. The effects of several ABS parameters such as types and concentrations of alcohols and salts (i.e., sulphate, phosphate, and citrate), amount of crude loading and pH of the system on the recovery of xylanase were investigated...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338435/three-new-diphenyl-ether-derivatives-from-the-fermentation-products-of-an-endophytic-fungus-phomopsis-fukushii
#17
Yu-Hong Gao, Rui Zheng, Jing Li, Wei-Song Kong, Xin Liu, Lin Ye, Qi-Li Mi, Wei-Song Kong, Min Zhou, Guang-Yu Yang, Qiu-Fen Hu, Gang Du, Hai-Ying Yang, Xue-Mei Li
Three new diphenyl ethers (1-3), together with four known isopentylated diphenyl ethers derivatives (4-7), were isolated from the fermentation products of an endophytic fungus Phomopsis fukushii. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, including extensive 1D and 2D NMR techniques. Compounds 1-3 were evaluated for their anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (anti-MRSA) activity. The results revealed that compounds 1 and 2 showed strong inhibitions with inhibition zone diameters (IZD) of 20...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338242/in-situ-biocatalytic-production-of-trehalose-with-auto-induction-expression-of-trehalose-synthase
#18
Xincheng Yan, Liying Zhu, Yadong Yu, Qing Xu, He Huang, Ling Jiang
We developed an in situ biocatalytic process that couples auto-induction expression of trehalose synthase (TreS) and whole-cell catalysis for trehalose production. With lactose as the auto-inducer, the activity of recombinant TreS in recombinant Escherichia coli was optimized through a visualization method, which resulted in a maximum value of 12033 ± 730 U/mL in pH-stat fed-batch fermentation mode. Meanwhile, the permeability of the auto-induced E. coli increased significantly, which makes it possible to be directly used as a whole-cell biocatalyst for trehalose production, whereby the by-product glucose can also act as an extra carbon source...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337411/the-fourth-wave-of-biocatalysis-emerges-the-13%C3%A2-th-international-symposium-on-biocatalysis-and-biotransformations
#19
EDITORIAL
László Poppe, Beáta G Vértessy
Ride the wave! Biocatalysis uses nature's catalysts, enzymes and whole cell systems, for synthetic purposes. In a biotransformation, the biocatalyst transforms a well-defined substrate to the desired product, in contrast to the fermentation process, which produces the desired product from a complex mixture of nutrients. Biocatalysis has reached an industrially established level through several waves of technological evolution; participants of the BioTrans 2017 conference in Budapest could witness the newest wave of this technology...
January 16, 2018: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337351/selection-of-yeast-strains-for-tequila-fermentation-based-on-growth-dynamics-in-combined-fructose-and-ethanol-media
#20
J A Aldrete-Tapia, D E Miranda-Castilleja, S M Arvizu-Medrano, M Hernández-Iturriaga
The high concentration of fructose in agave juice has been associated with reduced ethanol tolerance of commercial yeasts used for tequila production and low fermentation yields. The selection of autochthonous strains, which are better adapted to agave juice, could improve the process. In this study, a 2-step selection process of yeasts isolated from spontaneous fermentations for tequila production was carried out based on analysis of the growth dynamics in combined conditions of high fructose and ethanol. First, yeast isolates (605) were screened to identify strains tolerant to high fructose (20%) and to ethanol (10%), yielding 89 isolates able to grow in both conditions...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
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