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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901286/acceptability-of-dative-argument-structure-in-spanish-assessing-semantic-and-usage-based-factors
#1
Florencia Reali
Multiple constraints, including semantic, lexical, and usage-based factors, have been shown to influence dative alternation across different languages. This work explores whether fine-grained statistics and semantic properties of the verb affect the acceptability of dative constructions in Spanish. First, a corpus analysis reveals that verbs of different semantic classes occur naturally in alternative dative constructions, a pattern quite different from English. The fact that dative alternation appears independent of semantic classes challenges traditional semantic-based approaches...
November 30, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894126/brain-type-natriuretic-peptide-and-amino-terminal-pro-brain-type-natriuretic-peptide-discharge-thresholds-for-acute-decompensated-heart-failure-a-systematic-review
#2
Casey N McQuade, Marisa Mizus, Joyce W Wald, Lee Goldberg, Mariell Jessup, Craig A Umscheid
Background: Acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) requiring hospitalization is associated with high postdischarge mortality and readmission rates. Purpose: To examine the association between achieving predischarge natriuretic peptide (NP) thresholds and mortality and readmission rates in adults hospitalized for ADHF. Data Sources: Multiple databases from 1947 to October 2016 (English-language studies only). Study Selection: Trials and observational studies that compared mortality and readmission outcomes between patients with ADHF achieving a specific predischarge NP goal and those not achieving the goal...
November 29, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893807/erp-response-unveils-effect-of-second-language-manipulation-on-first-language-processing
#3
Elvira Khachatryan, Flavio Camarrone, Wim Fias, Marc M Van Hulle
Lexical access in bilinguals has been considered either selective or non-selective and evidence exists in favor of both hypotheses. We conducted a linguistic experiment to assess whether a bilingual's language mode influences the processing of first language information. We recorded event related potentials during a semantic priming paradigm with a covert manipulation of the second language (L2) using two types of stimulus presentations (short and long). We observed a significant facilitation of word pairs related in L2 in the short version reflected by a decrease in N400 amplitude in response to target words related to the English meaning of an inter-lingual homograph (homograph-unrelated group)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893224/the-influence-of-a-word-s-number-of-letters-spatial-extent-and-initial-bigram-characteristics-on-eye-movement-control-during-reading-evidence-from-arabic
#4
Ehab W Hermena, Simon P Liversedge, Denis Drieghe
The authors conducted 2 eye movement experiments in which they used the typographical and linguistic properties of Arabic to disentangle the influences of words' number of letters and spatial extent on measures of fixation duration and saccade targeting (Experiment 1), and to investigate the influence of initial bigram characteristics on saccade targeting during reading (Experiment 2). In the first experiment, through the use of a proportional font, which is more natural-looking in Arabic compared to monospaced fonts, the authors manipulated the number of letters (5 vs...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891100/a-review-about-functional-illiteracy-definition-cognitive-linguistic-and-numerical-aspects
#5
REVIEW
Réka Vágvölgyi, Andra Coldea, Thomas Dresler, Josef Schrader, Hans-Christoph Nuerk
Formally, availability of education for children has increased around the world over the last decades. However, despite having a successful formal education career, adults can become functional illiterates. Functional illiteracy means that a person cannot use reading, writing, and calculation skills for his/her own and the community's development. Functional illiteracy has considerable negative effects not only on personal development, but also in economic and social terms. Although functional illiteracy has been highly publicized in mass media in the recent years, there is limited scientific knowledge about the people termed functional illiterates; definition, assessment, and differential diagnoses with respect to related numerical and linguistic impairments are rarely studied and controversial...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884041/follow-up-strategies-for-patients-treated-for-non-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Mark Jeffery, Brigid E Hickey, Phil N Hider, Adrienne M See
BACKGROUND: It is common clinical practice to follow patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) for several years following their curative surgery or adjuvant therapy, or both. Despite this widespread practice, there is considerable controversy about how often patients should be seen, what tests should be performed, and whether these varying strategies have any significant impact on patient outcomes. This is the second update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2002 and first updated in 2007...
November 24, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882587/-pushing-the-button-while-pushing-the-argument-motor-priming-of-abstract-action-language
#7
Franziska Schaller, Sabine Weiss, Horst M Müller
In a behavioral study we analyzed the influence of visual action primes on abstract action sentence processing. We thereby aimed at investigating mental motor involvement during processes of meaning constitution of action verbs in abstract contexts. In the first experiment, participants executed either congruous or incongruous movements parallel to a video prime. In the second experiment, we added a no-movement condition. After the execution of the movement, participants rendered a sensibility judgment on action sentence targets...
November 24, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882503/proving-that-china-has-a-profession-of-engineering-a-case-study-in-operationalizing-a-concept-across-a-cultural-divide
#8
Michael Davis, Hengli Zhang
This article assumes that a profession is a number of individuals in the same occupation voluntarily organized to earn a living by openly serving a moral ideal in a morally-permissible way (a discipline) beyond what law, market, morality, and public opinion would otherwise require. Our question is whether the concept of profession (so defined) may have a far wider range than the term, so that, for example, pointing out that a certain language lacks a word for "profession" in our sense, is not enough to show that those who speak the language also lack the concept...
November 23, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882188/determinants-of-translation-ambiguity-a-within-and-cross-language-comparison
#9
Tamar Degani, Anat Prior, Chelsea M Eddington, Ana B Arêas da Luz Fontes, Natasha Tokowicz
Ambiguity in translation is highly prevalent, and has consequences for second-language learning and for bilingual lexical processing. To better understand this phenomenon, the current study compared the determinants of translation ambiguity across four sets of translation norms from English to Spanish, Dutch, German and Hebrew. The number of translations an English word received was correlated across these different languages, and was also correlated with the number of senses the word has in English, demonstrating that translation ambiguity is partially determined by within-language semantic ambiguity...
2016: Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881275/the-living-with-medicines-questionnaire-translation-and-cultural-adaptation-into-the-arabic-context
#10
Amani Zidan, Ahmed Awaisu, Sanah Hasan, Nadir Kheir
BACKGROUND: The Living with Medicines Questionnaire (LMQ) was developed in English language to assess, from a patient's perspective, issues related to the burden resulting from the use of medicines. OBJECTIVES: To translate and culturally adapt the LMQ into the Arabic language and context. METHODS: Permission to translate the LMQ was obtained from the original developers, and a protocol for its translation and cultural adaptation was developed using the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research guidelines for the translation and cultural adaptation of patient-reported outcome measures...
September 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876736/-the-speech-audiometry-using-the-matrix-sentence-test
#11
M Yu Boboshko, E V Zhilinskaya, A Vazhybok, N V Mal'tseva, M Tsokol', B Kol'meier
The matrix sentence test in which the five-word semantically unpredictable sentences presented under the background noise conditions are used as the speech material was designed and validated for many languages. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the Russian version of the matrix sentence test (RuMatrix test) in the listeners of different ages with normal hearing. At the first stage of the study, 35 listeners at the age from 18 to 33 year were examined. The results of the estimation of the training effect dictated the necessity of conducting two training tracks before carrying out the RuMatrix test proper...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876043/medical-education-in-a-foreign-language-and-history-taking-in-the-native-language-in-lebanon-a-nationwide-survey
#12
Vanda Abi Raad, Kareem Raad, Yazan Daaboul, Serge Korjian, Nadia Asmar, Mouin Jammal, Sola Aoun Bahous
BACKGROUND: With the adoption of the English language in medical education, a gap in clinical communication may develop in countries where the native language is different from the language of medical education. This study investigates the association between medical education in a foreign language and students' confidence in their history-taking skills in their native language. METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of a 17-question survey among medical students in clinical clerkships of Lebanese medical schools...
November 22, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873308/adjuvant-platinum-based-chemotherapy-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Frederico S Falcetta, Lídia Rf Medeiros, Maria I Edelweiss, Paula R Pohlmann, Airton T Stein, Daniela D Rosa
BACKGROUND: This is the second updated version of the original Cochrane review published in the Cochrane Library 2009, Issue 3. Most women with early cervical cancer (stages I to IIA) are cured with surgery or radiotherapy, or both. We performed this review originally because it was unclear whether cisplatin-based chemotherapy after surgery, radiotherapy or both, in women with early stage disease with risk factors for recurrence, was associated with additional survival benefits or risks...
November 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873189/learning-multiple-rules-simultaneously-affixes-are-more-salient-than-reduplications
#14
Judit Gervain, Ansgar D Endress
Language learners encounter numerous opportunities to learn regularities, but need to decide which of these regularities to learn, because some are not productive in their native language. Here, we present an account of rule learning based on perceptual and memory primitives (Endress, Dehaene-Lambertz, & Mehler, Cognition, 105(3), 577-614, 2007; Endress, Nespor, & Mehler, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13(8), 348-353, 2009), suggesting that learners preferentially learn regularities that are more salient to them, and that the pattern of salience reflects the frequency of language features across languages...
November 21, 2016: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870316/a-comparative-review-of-gerontological-nursing-citation-data
#15
REVIEW
Marilia Y Antunez, Marcia Henry
BACKGROUND: Gerontological nursing is a highly interdisciplinary specialty. English-language bibliometric research is scarce. OBJECTIVES: Study gerontological nursing literature to identify journals useful for nurses and researchers working with older adults, help librarians assist gerontological nursing authors to find publication outlets and make library collection decisions. METHODS: Using a combination of methods, the authors identified cited journals in the Journal of Gerontological Nursing (JGN) and Geriatric Nursing (GN) from 2008 to 2010 using part of the Nursing and Allied Health Resources (NAHRS) Section protocol...
December 2016: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867830/niche-construction-social-cognition-and-language-hypothesizing-the-human-as-the-production-of-place
#16
Oliver Davies
New data is emerging from evolutionary anthropology and the neuroscience of social cognition on our species-specific hyper-cooperation (HC). This paper attempts an integration of third-person archaeological and second-person, neuroscientific perspectives on the structure of HC, through a post-Ricoeurian development in hermeneutical phenomenology. We argue for the relatively late evolution of advanced linguistic consciousness (ALC) (Hiscock in Biological Theory 9:27-41, 2014), as a reflexive system based on the 'in-between' or 'cognitive system' as reported by Vogeley et al...
2016: Culture and Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867365/gender-agreement-attraction-in-russian-production-and-comprehension-evidence
#17
Natalia Slioussar, Anton Malko
Agreement attraction errors (such as the number error in the example "The key to the cabinets are rusty") have been the object of many studies in the last 20 years. So far, almost all production experiments and all comprehension experiments looked at binary features (primarily at number in Germanic, Romance, and some other languages, in several cases at gender in Romance languages). Among other things, it was noted that both in production and in comprehension, attraction effects are much stronger for some feature combinations than for the others: they can be observed in the sentences with singular heads and plural dependent nouns (e...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867260/tracking-sentence-comprehension-test-retest-reliability-in-people-with-aphasia-and-unimpaired-adults
#18
Jennifer E Mack, Andrew Zu-Sern Wei, Stephanie Gutierrez, Cynthia K Thompson
PURPOSE: Visual-world eyetracking is increasingly used to investigate online language processing in normal and language impaired listeners. Tracking changes in eye movements over time also may be useful for indexing language recovery in those with language impairments. Therefore, it is critical to determine the test-retest reliability of results obtained using this method. METHODS: Unimpaired young adults and people with aphasia took part in two eyetracking sessions spaced about one week apart...
November 2016: Journal of Neurolinguistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862389/drinking-frequency-effects-on-the-performance-of-cattle-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
L R Williams, E L Jackson, G J Bishop-Hurley, D L Swain
This study used a systematic literature review methodology to determine whether there is evidence that drinking frequency has effects on cattle performance, what performance responses to drinking frequency are documented and how performance responses vary according to environmental and animal factors. Electronic databases were searched for English language articles with original data on at least one performance attribute (e.g. water intake, feed intake, live weight) of cattle in response to voluntary drinking frequency or controlled access periods to water...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859550/temporal-structure-in-emerging-language-from-natural-data-to-silent-gesture
#20
Marieke Schouwstra
Many human languages have complex grammatical machinery devoted to temporality, but very little is known about how this came about. This paper investigates how people convey temporal information when they cannot use any conventional languages they know. In a laboratory experiment, adult participants were asked to convey information about simple events taking place at a given time, in spoken language and in silent gesture (i.e., using only gesture and no speech). It was shown that in spoken language, participants formed utterances according to the rules of their native language (Dutch), but in silent gesture, the temporal information was presented initially, and structurally separately, from the other information in the utterance...
November 17, 2016: Cognitive Science
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