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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780970/three-challenges-for-future-research-on-cochlear-implants
#1
REVIEW
David B Pisoni, William G Kronenberger, Michael S Harris, Aaron C Moberly
Cochlear implants (CIs) often work very well for many children and adults with profound sensorineural (SNHL) hearing loss. Unfortunately, while many CI patients display substantial benefits in recognizing speech and understanding spoken language following cochlear implantation, a large number of patients achieve poor outcomes. Understanding and explaining the reasons for poor outcomes following implantation is a very challenging research problem that has received little attention despite the pressing clinical significance...
December 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778122/provider-language-proficiency-and-decision-making-when-caring-for-limited-english-proficiency-children-and-families
#2
Yolanda N Evans, Sarah A Rafton, Eriberto Michel, Beth E Ebel
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between self-assessed language ability and provision of clinical care without professional interpretation. METHODS: We conducted an anonymous web-based survey of pediatric residents at a large pediatric training program. Respondents self-rated their language ability, and then reported on their willingness to deliver clinical care without professional interpretation in standardized clinical scenarios. RESULTS: All pediatric residents completed the survey (n=81; 100%)...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775771/a-detailed-analysis-of-the-arden-syntax-expression-grammar
#3
Stefan Kraus, Marc Rosenbauer, Lutz Schröder, Thomas Bürkle, Klaus-Peter Adlassnig, Dennis Toddenroth
OBJECTIVE: The Arden Syntax for Medical Logic Systems is a standard for encoding and sharing medical knowledge in the form of Medical Logic Modules. To improve accessibility for clinicians, the originators of the standard deliberately designed Arden Syntax expressions to resemble natural language, and parentheses around operands are not generally required. For certain patterns of nested expressions, however, the use of parentheses is mandatory, otherwise they are not accepted by an Arden Syntax environment...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774499/factors-influencing-l2-self-repair-behavior-the-role-of-l2-proficiency-attentional-control-and-l1-self-repair-behavior
#4
Michael Zuniga, Daphnée Simard
Self-repairs, that is revisions of speech that speakers themselves initiate and complete (Salonen and Laakso in J Child Lang 36:859, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0305000908009240 ), are frequently used to observe the cognitive and linguistic processes underlying second language (L2) speech production. Previous research has shown that factors such as L2 proficiency, attentional control and native language (L1) self-repair behavior interact with L2 self-repair behavior. To our knowledge, however, no research has examined how these three factors interact within a cohort of L2 speakers...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770862/is-latin-america-ready-to-identify-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-in-breast-implants-patients-regional-encounter-during-the-national-plastic-surgery-meeting-in-cancun-mexico
#5
EDITORIAL
Guillermo Ramos-Gallardo, Jesus Cuenca-Pardo, Lazaro Cardenas-Camarena, Hector Duran-Vega, Eugenio Rodríguez-Olivares, Jorge Enrique Bayter-Marin, Gerardo Levelier De Doig Alvear, Guillermo Vazquez, Montserrat Fontbona-Torres, Ricardo Galán-Suárez, Gabriela Guzman-Stein, Sergio Guzmán-Padilla, Guillermo Echeverría-Roldán, Jose Fernando Silva-Gavarrete, Alfonso Vallarta-Rodríguez, Livia Contreras-Bulnes, Carlos Guillemro Oaxaca-Escobar, Isabel Caravantes-Cortes, María Eugenia Flores, Jorge Cowes-McGowen, María Liz Maciel-Sosa, Ricardo Delgado-Binasco, Linda Rincón-Rubio
INTRODUCTION: Anaplastic large cell lymphoma associated with breast implants is receiving increased attention. Most cases have been reported in Europe, North America (USA and Canada), Australia and New Zealand. Fewer cases have been reported in Latin America (including Mexico), Africa and Asia. METHODS: This report was delivered during our national plastic surgery meeting in Cancun in May 2017. Before the meeting, two participants reviewed the literature. The review was performed using the following information sources: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Fisterra, Google Scholar and LILACS, with entries from 1980 to August 2015 in several languages (English, Spanish, French and Portuguese)...
May 16, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767825/-palliative-sedation-development-and-consensus-of-a-german-language-documentation-template
#6
C Klein, C Wittmann, K N Wendt, C Ostgathe, S Stiel
BACKGROUND: Palliative sedation (PS) serves as a therapeutic option in cases of otherwise intractable suffering. As the use of sedative and hypnotic medication in many diverse situations is a core competency of anesthesiology, anesthesiologists are confronted with questions of sedative therapy at the end of life in institutions for specialized palliative care, in intensive care units and intermediate care wards. In recent years a number of guidelines have been published internationally but so far no official guidelines exist in Germany...
May 16, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766475/facing-the-language-memory-problem-in-the-study-of-autobiographical-memory
#7
Eleonora Bartoli, Andrea Smorti
This paper discusses the problem of the role of language in autobiographical memory, that is barely considered in studies on autobiographical memories and narratives. As a matter of fact, most of the current studies on autobiographical memory confounded memory and narrative together. The present paper focuses on two main issues. Firstly, it debates how narratives contribute to the construction of autobiographical memories through self-other communication. Secondly, it reflects on how language and communication should be manipulated in studies about autobiographical memory...
May 16, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765885/comparison-of-second-and-third-editions-of-the-bayley-scales-in-children-with-suspected-developmental-delay
#8
You Gyoung Yi, In Young Sung, Jin Sook Yuk
Objective: To compare the scores of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development second edition (BSID-II) and the third edition, Bayley-III, in children with suspected developmental delay and to determine the cutoff score for developmental delay in the Bayley-III. Methods: Children younger than 42 months (n=62) with suspected developmental delay who visited our department between 2014 and 2015 were assessed with both the BSID-II and Bayley-III tests. Results: The mean Bayley-III Cognitive Language Composite (CLC) score was 5...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764783/an-analysis-of-the-parameters-used-in-speech-abr-assessment-protocols
#9
Milaine D Sanfins, Stavros Hatzopoulos, Caroline Donadon, Thais A Diniz, Leticia R Borges, Piotr H Skarzynski, Maria Francisca Colella-Santos
The aim of this study was to assess the parameters of choice, such as duration, intensity, rate, polarity, number of sweeps, window length, stimulated ear, fundamental frequency, first formant, and second formant, from previously published speech ABR studies. To identify candidate articles, five databases were assessed using the following keyword descriptors: speech ABR, ABR-speech, speech auditory brainstem response, auditory evoked potential to speech, speech-evoked brainstem response, and complex sounds...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764531/syllables-and-inflectional-morphemes-in-early-finnish-readers-evidence-from-eye-movements
#10
Tuomo Häikiö, Seppo Vainio
Finnish is a language with simple syllable structure but rich morphology. It was investigated whether syllables or morphemes are preferred processing units in early reading. To this end, Finnish first- and second-grade children read sentences with embedded inflected target words while their eye-movements were registered. The target words were either in essive or inessive/adessive (i.e., locative) case. The target words were either non-hyphenated, or had syllable-congruent or syllable-incongruent hyphenation...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764295/acoustic-sources-of-accent-in-second-language-japanese-speech
#11
Kaori Idemaru, Peipei Wei, Lucy Gubbins
This study reports an exploratory analysis of the acoustic characteristics of second language (L2) speech which give rise to the perception of a foreign accent. Japanese speech samples were collected from American English and Mandarin Chinese speakers ( n = 16 in each group) studying Japanese. The L2 participants and native speakers ( n = 10) provided speech samples modeling after six short sentences. Segmental (vowels and stops) and prosodic features (rhythm, tone, and fluency) were examined. Native Japanese listeners ( n = 10) rated the samples with regard to degrees of foreign accent...
May 1, 2018: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762669/ethics-of-oocyte-banking-for-third-party-assisted-reproduction-a-systematic-review
#12
E M Kool, A M E Bos, R van der Graaf, B C J M Fauser, A L Bredenoord
BACKGROUND: The demand for donor oocytes has increased dramatically over the years. Today people in need of ART with the use of donor oocytes can appeal to commercial or public donor oocyte banks. The introduction of oocyte banks has shed a new light on the practice of ART using donor oocytes. The establishment and maintenance of oocyte banks should be sensitive to the ethical considerations. However, it is currently unclear which ethical aspects have to be taken into account. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: The aim of this article is to identify the ethical aspects of establishing and maintaining oocyte banks for third-party ART...
May 14, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761902/the-influence-of-implant-abutment-connection-to-peri-implant-bone-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Riccardo Caricasulo, Luciano Malchiodi, Paolo Ghensi, Giuliano Fantozzi, Alessandro Cucchi
PURPOSE: Different implant-abutment connections are available and it has been claimed they could have an effect on marginal bone loss. The aim of this review is to establish if implant connection configuration influences peri-implant bone loss (PBL) after functional loading. METHODS: A specific question was formulated according to the Population, Intervention, Control, and Outcome (PICO): Does the type of implant-abutment connection (external, internal, or conical) have an influence on peri-implant bone loss? A PubMed/MEDLINE electronic search was conducted to identify English language publications published in international journals during the last decade (from 2006 to 2016)...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759955/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-malay-version-of-the-system-usability-scale-questionnaire-for-the-assessment-of-mobile-apps
#14
Muhamad Fadhil Mohamad Marzuki, Nor Azwany Yaacob, Najib Majdi Yaacob
BACKGROUND: A mobile app is a programmed system designed to be used by a target user on a mobile device. The usability of such a system refers not only to the extent to which product can be used to achieve the task that it was designed for, but also its effectiveness and efficiency, as well as user satisfaction. The System Usability Scale is one of the most commonly used questionnaires used to assess the usability of a system. The original 10-item version of System Usability Scale was developed in English and thus needs to be adapted into local languages to assess the usability of a mobile apps developed in other languages...
May 14, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758388/second-language-learners-who-are-at-risk-for-reading-disabilities-a-growth-mixture-model-study
#15
Susanna S Yeung
This one-year longitudinal study examined the developmental trajectories of English reading in Chinese children learning English as a second language (ESL) and identified cognitive profiles of children who are at risk for English reading disability. One hundred and eighty-four Chinese ESL children from eight Hong Kong kindergartens were measured four times during their last year of kindergarten for phonological awareness, letter knowledge, vocabulary and English word reading. Growth mixture modeling was applied to classify the children based on their growth trajectories in English word reading...
May 11, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754005/the-effect-of-gestational-period-on-the-association-between-maternal-prenatal-salivary-cortisol-and-birth-weight-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Stephana J Cherak, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Amy Metcalfe, Paul E Ronksley, Mary E Malebranche
BACKGROUND: Studies exploring the relations between maternal stress and fetal development show an association between increased maternal stress and adverse birth outcomes. A frequently proposed mechanism linking maternal prenatal stress and adverse birth outcomes is heightened concentrations of maternal cortisol. To date, studies exploring this association have reported conflicting results because of the diverse approaches taken to measuring cortisol and the wide variety of possible birth outcomes explored...
April 24, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749688/effect-of-type-of-language-therapy-on-expressive-language-skills-in-patients-with-post-stroke-aphasia
#17
Jasmina Vuksanović, Tanja Milovanović, Ljubica Konstantinović, Saša R Filipović
BACKGROUND: Constraint-induced (language) aphasia therapy (CIAT), based on constraint usage of the language channel only, massed practice and shaping through therapeutic language games, has been suggested as a more efficient therapy approach than traditional aphasia therapies. AIMS: To examine the comparative efficacy of CIAT and a traditional therapy approach on expressive language ability, with the intensity of therapy controlled and matched, in the treatment of post-stroke aphasia...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745558/-feasibility-analysis-of-predicting-expression-of-estrogen-receptor-in-breast-cancer-based-on-radiomics
#18
Tongtong Liu, Jiawei Li, Yuzhou Hu, Jinhua Yu, Yi Guo, Yuanyuan Wang, Cai Chang
This study aims to predict expression of estrogen receptor (ER) in breast cancer by radiomics. Firstly, breast cancer images are segmented automatically by phase-based active contour (PBAC) method. Secondly, high-throughput features of ultrasound images are extracted and quantized. A total of 404 high-throughput features are divided into three categories, such as morphology, texture and wavelet. Then, the features are selected by R language and genetic algorithm combining minimum-redundancy-maximum-relevance (mRMR) criterion...
August 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741458/print-sound-regularities-are-more-important-than-print-meaning-regularities-in-the-initial-stages-of-learning-to-read-response-to-bowers-bowers-2018
#19
Kathleen Rastle, J S H Taylor
We previously reported an artificial language learning study designed to compare methods of reading instruction that emphasise learning the relationship between spelling and sound versus learning the relationship between spelling and meaning. Behavioural and neural data supported emphasis on spelling-sound knowledge, and we therefore advocated use of phonics in the initial stages of learning to read. Bowers and Bowers argue that these conclusions are not justified because we (a) mischaracterised the English writing system and (b) mischaracterised the meaning-based instruction used in schools...
May 1, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740366/human-consciousness-where-is-it-from-and-what-is-it-for
#20
REVIEW
Boris Kotchoubey
Consciousness is not a process in the brain but a kind of behavior that, of course, is controlled by the brain like any other behavior. Human consciousness emerges on the interface between three components of animal behavior: communication, play, and the use of tools. These three components interact on the basis of anticipatory behavioral control, which is common for all complex forms of animal life. All three do not exclusively distinguish our close relatives, i.e., primates, but are broadly presented among various species of mammals, birds, and even cephalopods; however, their particular combination in humans is unique...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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