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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810906/atypical-presentation-of-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-two-case-reports
#1
Maria Cristina Maggio, Greta Mastrangelo, Aldo Skabar, Alessandro Ventura, Marco Carrozzi, Giuseppe Santangelo, Francesca Vanadia, Giovanni Corsello, Rolando Cimaz
BACKGROUND: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by severe neurological and psychiatric symptoms and a difficult diagnosis. The disease is often secondary to a neoplastic lesion, seldom diagnosed years later. Psychiatric symptoms are prevalent in adults; neurologic symptoms are more evident in children, who typically present primarily with neurological symptoms. To the best of our knowledge, the association with juvenile idiopathic arthritis has not been described...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810350/-analysis-of-compiling-date-of-huang-di-nei-jing-huangdi-s-internal-classic
#2
W B Zhang, Y T Gao, H Y Li
There are Seven Medical Classics recorded in the Han shu Yi wen zhi(Bibliography in Annals of the Han Dynasty), among which the 18-volume Huang di nei jing (Huangdi's Internal Classic) is not the current edition of Ling shu (Miraculous Pivot) and Su wen(Plain Questions). The present edition of Huang di nei jing containing these two works might be merged in the Eastern Han Dynasty, benefited from the invention of Cai Lun's papermaking technique and the development of Nine needles, especially filiform needle manufacturing...
May 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808283/drug-induced-extrapyramidal-symptoms-scale-diepss-serbian-language-version-inter-rater-and-test-retest-reliability
#3
Ami Peljto, Ljubica Zamurovic, Milica Pejovic Milovancevic, Branko Aleksic, Dusica Lecic Tosevski, Toshiya Inada
Drug-induced Extrapyramidal Symptoms Scale (DIEPSS) is developed in the era of second-generation antipsychotics and is suitable for evaluation of the low incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms occurring in the treatment of atypical antipsychotics, as well as the relationship between personal and social functioning. The study was carried out at the Institute of Mental Health in Serbia in 2015 Study used the 127 DIEPSS video clips material, recorded from 1987 till 2015. Four raters performed the assessment simultaneously, individually rating one assigned item immediately after seeing the video clip...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806794/benefits-and-harms-of-plant-based-cannabis-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-review
#4
Maya E O'Neil, Shannon M Nugent, Benjamin J Morasco, Michele Freeman, Allison Low, Karli Kondo, Bernadette Zakher, Camille Elven, Makalapua Motu'apuaka, Robin Paynter, Devan Kansagara
Background: Cannabis is available from medical dispensaries for treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in many states of the union, yet its efficacy in treating PTSD symptoms remains uncertain. Purpose: To identify ongoing studies and review existing evidence regarding the benefits and harms of plant-based cannabis preparations in treating PTSD in adults. Data Sources: MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, and other sources from database inception to March 2017...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806470/efficacy-and-safety-of-sugammadex-versus-neostigmine-in-reversing-neuromuscular-blockade-in-adults
#5
REVIEW
Ana-Marija Hristovska, Patricia Duch, Mikkel Allingstrup, Arash Afshari
BACKGROUND: Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, such as neostigmine, have traditionally been used for reversal of non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents. However, these drugs have significant limitations, such as indirect mechanisms of reversal, limited and unpredictable efficacy, and undesirable autonomic responses. Sugammadex is a selective relaxant-binding agent specifically developed for rapid reversal of non-depolarizing neuromuscular blockade induced by rocuronium. Its potential clinical benefits include fast and predictable reversal of any degree of block, increased patient safety, reduced incidence of residual block on recovery, and more efficient use of healthcare resources...
August 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806193/speech-perception-in-noise-and-listening-effort-of-older-adults-with-nonlinear-frequency-compression-hearing-aids
#6
James Shehorn, Nicole Marrone, Thomas Muller
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this laboratory-based study was to compare the efficacy of two hearing aid fittings with and without nonlinear frequency compression, implemented within commercially available hearing aids. Previous research regarding the utility of nonlinear frequency compression has revealed conflicting results for speech recognition, marked by high individual variability. Individual differences in auditory function and cognitive abilities, specifically hearing loss slope and working memory, may contribute to aided performance...
August 10, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805174/socioeconomic-position-and-depression-in-south-african-adults-with-long-term-health-conditions-a-longitudinal-study-of-causal-pathways
#7
T Elwell-Sutton, N Folb, A Clark, L R Fairall, C Lund, M O Bachmann
AIMS: There is convincing evidence that lower socioeconomic position is associated with increased risk of mental disorders. However, the mechanisms involved are not well understood. This study aims to elucidate the causal pathways between socioeconomic position and depression symptoms in South African adults. Two possible causal theories are examined: social causation, which suggests that poor socioeconomic conditions cause mental ill health; and social drift, which suggests that those with poor mental health are more likely to drift into poor socioeconomic circumstances...
August 14, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805124/migration-violence-and-the-role-of-psychiatry-in-italy
#8
Antonio Ventriglio, Antonello Bellomo, Giovanna Vitrani, Eleonora Stella, Alessandro Gentile, Dinesh Bhugra
Immigration to Italy has been increasing exponentially in the last decades due to the international political changes and conflicts in the Middle East. The relationship between immigration and crimes is a debated issue, and violent radicalization of second or third generations of migrants is under increased scrutiny. Consequently, many politicians and political parties use nationalist and xenophobic language. Inevitably, this will have an impact on reactions of the larger population, as well as that of migrants...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805024/sign-language-in-dental-education-a-new-nexus
#9
T Jones, K Cumberbatch
FOCUS: The introduction of the landmark mandatory teaching of sign language to undergraduate dental students at the University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona Campus in Kingston, Jamaica, to bridge the communication gap between dentists and their patients is reviewed. LITERATURE REVIEW: A review of over 90 Doctor of Dental Surgery and Doctor of Dental Medicine curricula in North America, the United Kingdom, parts of Europe and Australia showed no inclusion of sign language in those curricula as a mandatory component...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803507/what-box-a-task-for-assessing-language-lateralization-in-young-children
#10
Nicholas A Badcock, Rachael Spooner, Jessica Hofmann, Atlanta Flitton, Scott Elliott, Lisa Kurylowicz, Louise M Lavrencic, Heather M Payne, Georgina K Holt, Anneka Holden, Owen F Churches, Mark J Kohler, Hannah A D Keage
The assessment of active language lateralization in infants and toddlers is challenging. It requires an imaging tool that is unintimidating, quick to setup, and robust to movement, in addition to an engaging and cognitively simple language processing task. Functional Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound (fTCD) offers a suitable technique and here we report on a suitable method to elicit active language production in young children. The 34-second "What Box" trial presents an animated face "searching" for an object...
August 13, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803212/data-driven-classification-of-patients-with-primary-progressive-aphasia
#11
Paul Hoffman, Seyed Ahmad Sajjadi, Karalyn Patterson, Peter J Nestor
Current diagnostic criteria classify primary progressive aphasia into three variants-semantic (sv), nonfluent (nfv) and logopenic (lv) PPA-though the adequacy of this scheme is debated. This study took a data-driven approach, applying k-means clustering to data from 43 PPA patients. The algorithm grouped patients based on similarities in language, semantic and non-linguistic cognitive scores. The optimum solution consisted of three groups. One group, almost exclusively those diagnosed as svPPA, displayed a selective semantic impairment...
August 10, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802372/phonological-awareness-in-german-speaking-preschool-children-with-cochlear-implants-3-case-examples
#12
Bianka Wachtlin, Yvonne Turinsky, Frank Herrmann, Blanca Schaefer
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore PA skills German-speaking preschool children with cochlea implants (CIs) and how these skills may be related to their speech and language skills. METHODS: Three monolingual German-speaking pre-school children aged 5;04-6;01 with bilateral CIs were tested. Their cognitive, speech and language skills were assessed. Six subtests of a standardized PA test battery were administered (i.e. rhyme identification, rhyme production; phoneme identification- input and -output; phoneme blending-input and -output)...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797529/voice-specialized-speech-language-pathologist-s-criteria-for-discharge-from-voice-therapy
#13
Amanda I Gillespie, Jackie Gartner-Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: No standard protocol exists to determine when a patient is ready and able to be discharged from voice therapy. The aim of the present study was to determine what factors speech-language pathologists (SLPs) deem most important when discharging a patient from voice therapy. A second aim was to determine if responses differed based on years of voice experience. METHODS: Step 1: Seven voice-specialized SLPs generated a list of items thought to be relevant to voice therapy discharge...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796093/duration-of-eligibility-prior-to-cochlear-implantation-have-we-made-any-progress
#14
Eric N Appelbaum, Shannon S Yoo, Robert A Perera, Daniel H Coelho
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to determine if eligibility (as defined as the duration of severe to profound hearing loss before cochlear implantation [CI]) has changed over the 30 years since Food and Drug Administration approval. DATA SOURCES: English-language, peer-reviewed articles, theses, and trial data available through PubMed and Cochrane Library databases up until and including May 31, 2016. STUDY SELECTION: One thousand six unique articles were identified...
August 8, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793160/language-samples-from-children-who-use-speech-generating-devices-making-sense-of-small-samples-and-utterance-length
#15
Thomas Kovacs, Katya Hill
Purpose: Mean length of utterance in morphemes (MLUm) is underreported in people who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). MLUm is difficult to measure in people who use AAC because of 2 challenges described in literature: the challenge of small language samples (difficulty collecting representative samples) and the challenge of transcribing short utterances (difficulty transcribing 1-morpheme utterances). We tested solutions to both challenges in a corpus of language samples from children who use speech-generating devices...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792687/ols-client-and-ols-dialog-open-source-tools-to-annotate-public-omics-datasets
#16
Yasset Perez-Riverol, Tobias Ternent, Maximilian Koch, Harald Barsnes, Olga Vrousgou, Simon Jupp, Juan Antonio VizcaĆ­no
The availability of user-friendly software to annotate biological datasets and experimental details is becoming essential in data management practices, both in local storage systems and in public databases. The Ontology Lookup Service (OLS, http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ols) is a popular centralized service to query, browse and navigate biomedical ontologies and controlled vocabularies. Recently, the OLS framework has been completely redeveloped (version 3.0), including enhancements in the data model, like the added support for Web Ontology Language (OWL)-based ontologies, among many other improvements...
August 9, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792114/early-psychosis-workforce-development-core-competencies-for-mental-health-professionals-working-in-the-early-psychosis-field
#17
Helen Osman, Anthony F Jorm, Eoin Killackey, Shona Francey, Dianne Mulcahy
AIM: The aim of this study was to identify the core competencies required of mental health professionals working in the early psychosis field, which could function as an evidence-based tool to support the early psychosis workforce and in turn assist early psychosis service implementation and strengthen early psychosis model fidelity. METHOD: The Delphi method was used to establish expert consensus on the core competencies. In the first stage, a systematic literature search was conducted to generate competency items...
August 9, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782680/bilinguals-have-more-complex-eeg-brain-signals-in-occipital-regions-than-monolinguals
#18
John G Grundy, John A E Anderson, Ellen Bialystok
Brain signal complexity increases with development and is associated with better cognitive outcomes in older age. Research has also shown that bilinguals are able to stave off cognitive decline for longer periods of time than monolinguals, but no studies to date have examined whether bilinguals have more complex brain signals than monolinguals. Here we explored the hypothesis that bilingualism leads to greater brain signal complexity by examining multiscale entropy (MSE) in monolingual and bilingual young adults while EEG was recorded during a task-switching paradigm...
August 4, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777928/the-paired-t-test-and-beyond-recommendations-for-testing-the-central-tendencies-of-two-paired-samples-in-research-on-speech-language-and-hearing-pathology
#19
Toni Rietveld, Roeland van Hout
PURPOSE: In this tutorial we review current practice in the analysis of data obtained in designs involving two dependent samples and evaluate two conventional statistics: the t test for paired samples and its non-parametric alternative, the Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test (WSR). It is a sequel to our tutorial on the analysis of designs with two independent samples on the basis of non-count data (Rietveld & van Hout, 2015). The frequency with which these statistics are used is assessed on the basis of publications on disordered communication in Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, Journal of Communication Disorders and Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research for the time interval 2006-2015...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776756/longitudinal-vocabulary-development-in-australian-urban-aboriginal-children-protective-and-risk-factors
#20
K Short, P Eadie, J Descallar, E Comino, L Kemp
BACKGROUND: Vocabulary is a key component of language that can impact on children's future literacy and communication. The gap between Australian Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children's reading and academic outcomes is well reported and similar to Indigenous/non-Indigenous gaps in other nations. Determining factors that influence vocabulary acquisition over time and may be responsive to treatment is important for improving Aboriginal children's communication and academic outcomes. AIM: To determine what factors influence Australian urban Aboriginal children's receptive vocabulary acquisition and whether any of these are risks or protective for vocabulary development...
August 3, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
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