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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812270/oxytocin-and-facial-emotion-recognition
#1
Mark A Ellenbogen
The expression of emotion in faces serves numerous meaningful functions, such as conveying messages of danger or approach, facilitating communication, and promoting the formation of social bonds and relationships. The study of facial expressions of emotion has become integral to research in social psychology and social neuroscience, particularly with respect to the neuropeptide oxytocin. This chapter examines how oxytocin influences the processing of emotion in faces by reviewing intranasal administration studies of automatic processing, selective attention, and emotion recognition...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757405/the-incidence-morbidity-and-surgical-outcome-of-complex-spinal-inflammatory-syndromes-in-adults
#2
Gábor Czigléczki, Zsolt Benkő, Ferenc Misik, Péter Banczerowski
OBJECTIVE: Spondylodiscitis is a rare inflammatory syndrome affecting intervertebral discs and adjacent vertebral bodies. Without appropriate therapy, many serious complications such as secondary spinal epidural abscess (SEA) may prolong recovery time. The aim of the study is to compare the main characteristics of our patients to the international literature and to analyze the impact of complications associated with spondylodiscitis concerning clinical outcome. METHODS: We designed a retrospective study based on patients of the National Institute of Clinical Neurosciences, Hungary, between 2008 and 2015...
July 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718304/the-role-of-surgery-in-low-grade-gliomas-do-timing-and-extent-of-resection-matter
#3
Hugues Duffau
Hugues Duffau is a Professor and Chairman of the Neurosurgery Department in the Montpellier University Medical Center and Head of the INSERM 1051 Team "plasticity of the central nervous system, human stem cells and glial tumors" at the Institute for Neurosciences of Montpellier (France). He is an expert in the awake cognitive neurosurgery of slow-growing brain tumors, such as low-grade gliomas, a routine which he has developed since 20 years. His fundamental approach is centered on the concepts of the brain connectomics and neuroplasticity, breaking with the traditional localizationist view of cerebral processing...
July 18, 2017: CNS Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690553/a-historical-review-of-diachrony-and-semantic-dimensions-of-trace-in-neurosciences-and-lacanian-psychoanalysis
#4
REVIEW
Carolina Escobar, François Ansermet, Pierre J Magistretti
Experience leaves a trace in the nervous system through plasticity. However, the exact meaning of the mnesic trace is poorly defined in current literature. This article provides a historical review of the term trace in neuroscience and psychoanalysis literature, to highlight two relevant aspects: the diachronic and the semantic dimensions. There has been a general interest in diachrony, or a form of evolution of the trace, but its indissociable semantic dimension remains partially disregarded. Although frequently implied, the diachronic and semantic dimensions of the trace are rarely clearly articulated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684189/trends-in-global-acupuncture-publications-an-analysis-of-the-web-of-science-database-from-1988-to-2015
#5
Yen-Ying Kung, Shinn-Jang Hwang, Tsai-Feng Li, Seong-Gyu Ko, Ching-Wen Huang, Fang-Pey Chen
BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is a rapidly growing medical specialty worldwide. This study aimed to analyze the acupuncture publications from 1988 to 2015 by using the Web of Science (WoS) database. Familiarity with the trend of acupuncture publications will facilitate a better understanding of existing academic research in acupuncture and its applications. METHODS: Academic articles published focusing on acupuncture were retrieved and analyzed from the WoS database which included articles published in Science Citation Index-Expanded and Social Science Citation Indexed journals from 1988 to 2015...
July 3, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661950/establishing-normative-data-for-pupillometer-assessment-in-neuroscience-intensive-care-the-end-panic-registry
#6
DaiWai M Olson, Sonja E Stutzman, Folefac Atem, Julia D Kincaide, Thuy-Tien Ho, Byron A Carlisle, Venkatesh Aiyagari
BACKGROUND: Trained medical practitioners have been assessing the pupillary light reflex for more than 2 millennia. However, the interrater reliability of the pupillary light reflex remains low. To overcome the drawbacks of a subjective interpretation of pupillary size and reactivity, automated pupillometers are becoming increasingly commonplace, but practitioners do not have adequate data from which to judge whether the numerical values provided by the pupillometer are "within reference limits...
August 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571615/reinforcement-learning-computing-the-temporal-difference-of-values-via-distinct-corticostriatal-pathways-trends-in-neurosciences-35-457-467-2012
#7
Kenji Morita, Mieko Morishima, Katsuyuki Sakai, Yasuo Kawaguchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 29, 2017: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554081/cooperative-tool-use-reveals-peripersonal-and-interpersonal-spaces-are-dissociable
#8
Ivan Patané, Alessandro Farnè, Francesca Frassinetti
The space surrounding people is often termed Interpersonal (IPS) in social psychology and Peripersonal (PPS) in neuroscience. In the current debate about their origin, the prevalent opinion is they share common functional characteristics. Bucking the trend, here we report a dissociation between PPS, operationalized as reachable space, and IPS, operationalized as comfort space. To probe their plasticity we introduced a novel type of cooperative long-tool-use that would modify both spaces. Results showed the estimated IPS referred to another individual was reduced, as expected following a positive social interaction...
September 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507240/mathematical-methods-in-medicine-neuroscience-cardiology-and-pathology
#9
REVIEW
José M Amigó, Michael Small
The application of mathematics, natural sciences and engineering to medicine is gaining momentum as the mutual benefits of this collaboration become increasingly obvious. This theme issue is intended to highlight the trend in the case of mathematics. Specifically, the scope of this theme issue is to give a general view of the current research in the application of mathematical methods to medicine, as well as to show how mathematics can help in such important aspects as understanding, prediction, treatment and data processing...
June 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505989/pediatric-robotic-rehabilitation-current-knowledge-and-future-trends-in-treating-children-with-sensorimotor-impairments
#10
Konstantinos P Michmizos, Hermano Igo Krebs
BACKGROUND: Robot-aided sensorimotor therapy imposes highly repetitive tasks that can translate to substantial improvement when patients remain cognitively engaged into the clinical procedure, a goal that most children find hard to pursue. Knowing that the child's brain is much more plastic than an adult's, it is reasonable to expect that the clinical gains observed in the adult population during the last two decades would be followed up by even greater gains in children. Nonetheless, and despite the multitude of adult studies, in children we are just getting started: There is scarcity of pediatric robotic rehabilitation devices that are currently available and the number of clinical studies that employ them is also very limited...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495948/introduction-of-a-dedicated-emergency-department-mr-imaging-scanner-at-the-barrow-neurological-institute
#11
M Buller, J P Karis
Use of advanced imaging in the emergency department has been increasing in the United States during the past 2 decades. This trend has been most notable in CT, which has increased concern over the effects of increasing levels of medical ionizing radiation. MR imaging offers a safe, nonionizing alternative to CT and is diagnostically superior in many neurologic conditions encountered in the emergency department. Herein, we describe the process of developing and installing a dedicated MR imaging scanner in the Neuroscience Emergency Department at the Barrow Neurological Institute and its effects on neuroradiology and the emergency department in general...
May 11, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482157/enhancing-continuous-online-microdialysis-using-dexamethasone-measurement-of-dynamic-neurometabolic-changes-during-spreading-depolarization
#12
Erika L Varner, Chi Leng Leong, Andrea Jaquins-Gerstl, Kathryn M Nesbitt, Martyn G Boutelle, Adrian C Michael
Microdialysis is well established in chemical neuroscience as a mainstay technology for real time intracranial chemical monitoring in both animal models and human patients. Evidence shows that microdialysis can be enhanced by mitigating the penetration injury caused during the insertion of microdialysis probes into brain tissue. Herein, we show that retrodialysis of dexamethasone in the rat cortex enhances the microdialysis detection of K(+) and glucose transients induced by spreading depolarization. Without dexamethasone, quantification of glucose transients was unreliable by 5 days after probe insertion...
August 16, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424572/functional-sensitivity-of-2d-simultaneous-multi-slice-echo-planar-imaging-effects-of-acceleration-on-g-factor-and-physiological-noise
#13
Nick Todd, Oliver Josephs, Peter Zeidman, Guillaume Flandin, Steen Moeller, Nikolaus Weiskopf
Accelerated data acquisition with simultaneous multi-slice (SMS) imaging for functional MRI studies leads to interacting and opposing effects that influence the sensitivity to blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signal changes. Image signal to noise ratio (SNR) is decreased with higher SMS acceleration factors and shorter repetition times (TR) due to g-factor noise penalties and saturation of longitudinal magnetization. However, the lower image SNR is counteracted by greater statistical power from more samples per unit time and a higher temporal Nyquist frequency that allows for better removal of spurious non-BOLD high frequency signal content...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413092/resisting-the-urge-to-act-dreadds-modifying-habits-trends-in-neurosciences-40-61-62-2017
#14
M A G Eldridge, B J Richmond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370288/a-core-avenue-for-transcultural-research-on-dementia-on-the-cross-linguistic-generalization-of-language-related-effects-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Noelia Calvo, Agustín Ibáñez, Edinson Muñoz, Adolfo M García
OBJECTIVE: Language is a key source of cross-cultural variability, which may have both subtle and major effects on neurocognition. However, this issue has been largely overlooked in two flourishing lines of research assessing the relationship between language-related neural systems and dementia. This paper assesses the limitations of the evidence on (i) the neuroprotective effects of bilingualism in Alzheimer's disease and (ii) specific language deficits as markers of Parkinson's disease...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230844/network-neuroscience
#16
REVIEW
Danielle S Bassett, Olaf Sporns
Despite substantial recent progress, our understanding of the principles and mechanisms underlying complex brain function and cognition remains incomplete. Network neuroscience proposes to tackle these enduring challenges. Approaching brain structure and function from an explicitly integrative perspective, network neuroscience pursues new ways to map, record, analyze and model the elements and interactions of neurobiological systems. Two parallel trends drive the approach: the availability of new empirical tools to create comprehensive maps and record dynamic patterns among molecules, neurons, brain areas and social systems; and the theoretical framework and computational tools of modern network science...
February 23, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221003/trends-in-high-throughput-and-functional-neuroimaging-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#17
REVIEW
Yongmin Cho, Charles L Zhao, Hang Lu
The nervous system of Caenorhabditis elegans is an important model system for understanding the development and function of larger, more complex nervous systems. It is prized for its ease of handling, rapid life cycle, and stereotyped, well-cataloged development, with the development of all 302 neurons mapped all the way from zygote to adult. The combination of easy genetic manipulation and optical transparency of the worm allows for the direct imaging of its interior with fluorescent microscopy, without physically compromising the normal physiology of the animal itself...
February 21, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191550/mapping-lifetime-brain-volumetry-with-covariate-adjusted-restricted-cubic-spline-regression-from-cross-sectional-multi-site-mri
#18
Yuankai Huo, Katherine Aboud, Hakmook Kang, Laurie E Cutting, Bennett A Landman
Understanding brain volumetry is essential to understand neurodevelopment and disease. Historically, age-related changes have been studied in detail for specific age ranges (e.g., early childhood, teen, young adults, elderly, etc.) or more sparsely sampled for wider considerations of lifetime aging. Recent advancements in data sharing and robust processing have made available considerable quantities of brain images from normal, healthy volunteers. However, existing analysis approaches have had difficulty addressing (1) complex volumetric developments on the large cohort across the life time (e...
October 2016: Medical Image Computing and Computer-assisted Intervention: MICCAI ..
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178034/the-neurobiology-of-health-communication
#19
Peter A Hall, Kirk I Erickson, Peter J Gianaros
This issue of Psychosomatic Medicine describes findings from an innovative study by Kang et al that used neuroimaging methods to quantify neural responses to health communications. Findings indicated that sedentary individuals who hold self-transcendent values show attenuated limbic threat responses to communications about the benefits of physical activity. Furthermore, participants who were instructed to articulate such values showed some evidence of additional blunting of the same neural response. In this editorial, we provide context for the interpretation of these findings within the existing research using the brain-as-predictor approach, and other recent trends within biobehavioral medicine involving the use of neuroscience methods in the service of health behavior change...
May 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074581/conflating-capacity-authority-why-we-re-asking-the-wrong-question-in-the-adolescent-decision-making-debate
#20
Erica K Salter
Whether adolescents should be allowed to make their own medical decisions has been a topic of discussion in bioethics for at least two decades now. Are adolescents sufficiently capacitated to make their own medical decisions? Is the mature-minor doctrine, an uncommon legal exception to the rule of parental decision-making authority, something we should expand or eliminate? Bioethicists have dealt with the curious liminality of adolescents-their being neither children nor adults-in a variety of ways. However, recently there has been a trend to rely heavily, and often exclusively, on emerging neuroscientific and psychological data to answer these questions...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
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