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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642121/transfusion-and-alternatives-therapeutic-support-for-oncology-patients-with-hematological-problems-are-we-doing-more-harm-than-benefit
#1
EDITORIAL
Jerard Seghatchian, Hadi Goubran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642120/transfusion-challenges-in-hematology-oncology-and-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-literature-review-and-local-experience
#2
REVIEW
Mohamed Elemary, Jerard Seghatchian, Julie Stakiw, Mark Bosch, Waleed Sabry, Hadi Goubran
Transfusion medicine plays a vital role in the supportive care of patients receiving therapy for hematology, oncology and hematopoietic stem cell transplants (HSCT). With advances in therapy with more intensive chemotherapy or radiotherapy, patients usually develop cytopenias and need frequent transfusion support with packed red blood cells, granulocyte transfusion or platelets to support them until they recover from the effect of therapy. HSCT poses unique challenges for transfusion medicine, since transplant recipients may require substantial transfusion support due to cytopenias associated with toxic medications, decreased marrow reserve, infection or their malignancy...
June 3, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641281/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-a-clinical-study-in-1-016-hematology-oncology-patients
#3
Marina Hierl, Jochen Pfirstinger, Reinhard Andreesen, Ernst Holler, Stephanie Mayer, Daniel Wolff, Martin Vogelhuber
INTRODUCTION: Surveys state a widespread use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in patients with malignant diseases. CAM methods might potentially interfere with the metabolization of tumor-specific therapy. However, there is little communication about CAM use in hematology/oncology patients between patients, CAM providers, and oncologists. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was handed out to all patients attending to the hematology/oncology outpatient clinic of Regensburg University Hospital...
June 23, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632248/perceived-benefits-and-barriers-to-exercise-for-recently-treated-adults-with-acute-leukemia
#4
Ashley Leak Bryant, AnnMarie L Walton, Mackenzi Pergolotti, Brett Phillips, Charlotte Bailey, Deborah K Mayer, Claudio Battaglini
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore perceived exercise benefits and barriers in adults with acute leukemia who recently completed an inpatient exercise intervention during induction therapy.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Descriptive, exploratory design using semistructured interviews.
. SETTING: Inpatient hematology/oncology unit at North Carolina Cancer Hospital in Chapel Hill.
. PARTICIPANTS: 6 adults with acute leukemia aged 35-67 years...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632246/declines-noted-in-cognitive-processes-and-association-with-achievement-among-children-with-leukemia
#5
Kathleen C Insel, Marilyn J Hockenberry, Lynette L Harris, Kari M Koerner, Zhenqiang Lu, Kristin B Adkins, Olga A Taylor, Patricia M Gundy, Ida M Moore
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To assess change in specific cognitive processes during treatment with chemotherapy only among children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). 
. DESIGN: A prospective, repeated measures design.
. SETTING: Pediatric oncology treatment centers at Banner-University Medical Center Tucson/Banner Children's-Diamond Medical Center (University of Arizona) and Texas Children's Cancer and Hematology centers (Baylor College of Medicine) in Houston...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631412/psychopathology-in-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-their-mothers
#6
Aslı Sürer Adanir, Gülseren Taşkiran, O Alphan Küpesiz, Esin Özatalay
BACKGROUND: Bone Marrow Transplantation(BMT) is used to treat children with various hematologic, oncologic and metabolic diseases. While the treatment is lifesaving, it is also found to be related with anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and psychosocial problems both in children and parents. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate psychopathology in pediatric BMT survivors and their mothers compared to the healthy controls. All children were interviewed using Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for assessing the life-long psychopathology...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605730/gemcitabine-and-vinorelbine-combination-chemotherapy-in-taxane-pretreated-patients-with-metastatic-breast-cancer-a-phase-ii-study-of-the-kinki-multidisciplinary-breast-oncology-group-kmbog-1015
#7
Jun Yamamura, Norikazu Masuda, Daigo Yamamoto, Shigeru Tsuyuki, Masahide Yamaguchi, Satoru Tanaka, Junji Tsurutani, Shinya Tokunaga, Katsuhide Yoshidome, Makiko Mizutani, Toyokazu Aono, Asako Ooe, Hirokazu Tanino, Nobuki Matsunami, Hiroyuki Yasojima, Takahiro Nakayama, Yukihiro Nishida
BACKGROUND: This phase II study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the chemotherapy combination of gemcitabine and vinorelbine in taxane-pretreated Japanese metastatic breast cancer patients. METHODS: In this multicenter, phase II, single-arm study, patients with recurrent or metastatic HER2-negative breast cancer were administered gemcitabine (1,200 mg/m2) and vinorelbine (25 mg/m2) intravenously on days 1 and 8 every 3 weeks. The primary endpoint was the objective response rate, and other endpoints included progression-free survival, overall survival, and safety...
June 13, 2017: Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602119/improving-the-quality-of-end-of-life-care-in-pediatric-oncology-patients-through-the-early-implementation-of-palliative-care
#8
Lauren Ranallo
Providing end-of-life care to children with cancer is most ideally achieved by initiating palliative care at the time of diagnosis, advocating for supportive care throughout the treatment trajectory, and implementing hospice care during the terminal phase. The guiding principles behind offering palliative care to pediatric oncology patients are the prioritization of providing holistic care and management of disease-based symptoms. Pediatric hematology-oncology nurses and clinicians have a unique responsibility to support the patient and family unit and foster a sense of hope, while also preparing the family for the prognosis and a challenging treatment trajectory that could result in the child's death...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600867/reply-to-the-hematology-oncology-pharmacy-association-alternative-viewpoint-on-the-2016-accp-pharmacotherapy-didactic-curriculum-toolkit
#9
Terry L Schwinghammer, Drayton A Hammond, Andrew J Crannage
On behalf of the 2016 ACCP Educational Affairs Committee, we appreciate the thoughtful Alternative Viewpoint of the Hematology/Oncology Pharmacy Association (HOPA) Task Force(1) to the 2016 ACCP Pharmacotherapy Didactic Curriculum Toolkit. The Toolkit(2) and its accompanying Commentary(3) are published online with the expectation that there will be periodic updates. ACCP plans to review the Toolkit every two to three years and will empanel a Task Force in fall 2017 to conduct the next review, anticipating an update in 2018...
June 10, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596649/use-of-surrogate-samples-to-monitor-ph-during-high-dose-methotrexate-therapy
#10
Uday Yanamandra, Pooja Chauhan, Deepesh Lad, Alka Khadwal, Gaurav Prakash, Subhash Varma, Pankaj Malhotra
High dose methotrexate (Mtx) therapy is commonly used in hemato-oncological practice. Alkalization of urine is a part of high dose methotrexate therapy for preventing crystallization in urine to avert renal insufficiency. Alkalization is monitored by urine pH at regular intervals. Oral pH has occasionally been used as a surrogate for oral mucositis. To compare and correlate pH of various body secretions (venous blood, oral salivary, lacrimal and urine) among patients undergoing alkalization with intravenous sodium bicarbonate during high dose methotrexate therapy...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596261/kidney-cancer-version-2-2017-nccn-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-oncology
#11
Robert J Motzer, Eric Jonasch, Neeraj Agarwal, Sam Bhayani, William P Bro, Sam S Chang, Toni K Choueiri, Brian A Costello, Ithaar H Derweesh, Mayer Fishman, Thomas H Gallagher, John L Gore, Steven L Hancock, Michael R Harrison, Won Kim, Christos Kyriakopoulos, Chad LaGrange, Elaine T Lam, Clayton Lau, M Dror Michaelson, Thomas Olencki, Phillip M Pierorazio, Elizabeth R Plimack, Bruce G Redman, Brian Shuch, Brad Somer, Guru Sonpavde, Jeffrey Sosman, Mary Dwyer, Rashmi Kumar
The NCCN Guidelines for Kidney Cancer provide multidisciplinary recommendations for the clinical management of patients with clear cell and non-clear cell renal carcinoma. These guidelines are developed by a multidisciplinary panel of leading experts from NCCN Member Institutions consisting of medical oncologists, hematologists and hematologic oncologists, radiation oncologists, urologists, and pathologists. The NCCN Guidelines are in continuous evolution and are updated annually or sometimes more often, if new high-quality clinical data become available in the interim...
June 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594662/patient-derived-tumor-xenografts-of-lymphoproliferative-disorders-are-they-surrogates-for-the-human-disease
#12
Marco Pizzi, Giorgio Inghirami
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patient-derived tumor xenografts (PDTXs) have emerged as powerful platforms in medical oncology. A plethora of PDTXs were generated to study solid cancers, but limited data are as yet available on hematological diseases. The aim of this review is to describe the state of art of lymphoma PDTXs, discussing future directions for the development of integrated/personalized cancer programs. RECENT FINDINGS: In the last decades, several PDTXs of lymphoproliferative disorders have been produced...
July 2017: Current Opinion in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592771/ttp-and-ahus-new-insights
#13
Yoshitaka Miyakawa
Both TTP and aHUS are officially designated as intractable diseases by a new Japanese law in 2015. New clinical practice guidelines for TTP and aHUS have been published. Both conditions share some common pathophysiology such as thrombotic microangiopathy. Unfortunately, most professionals in the fields of hematology/oncology are unaware of these diseases. Therefore, I will provide an updated overview of TTP and aHUS in this article.
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592624/prolonged-pemetrexed-infusion-plus-gemcitabine-in-refractory-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-preclinical-rationale-and-phase-ii-study-results
#14
Alessandro Passardi, Francesca Fanini, Livia Turci, Flavia Foca, Paola Rosetti, Silvia Ruscelli, Andrea Casadei Gardini, Martina Valgiusti, Claudio Dazzi, Maurizio Marangolo
LESSONS LEARNED: Difficulties in translating in vitro results into clinical practice are inevitable.Further efforts to verify the efficacy of alternative schedules of pemetrexed in solid tumors are encouraged. BACKGROUND: We investigated the cytotoxic activity of pemetrexed in combination with several drugs (gemcitabine, carboplatin, vinorelbine, and mitomycin C) using different exposure schedules in three colon cancer cell lines. The best results were obtained with the following schedule: a prolonged pemetrexed exposure followed by a 48-hour wash-out and then gemcitabine...
June 7, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588177/antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-of-bacteria-isolated-from-various-specimens-of-patients-with-hematological-malignancy
#15
J Roy, D C Nag
Infection is a life threatening complication in patients with hematological malignancy. So, proper treatment of infection with suitable antibiotic is very important in these patients. The aim of this study was to determine the antibiotic susceptibility of bacteria isolated from various specimens of patients with hematological malignancy, so that, an appropriate regimen of empiric antibiotic treatment can be established for these patients. This observational study was done in the Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from March 2012 to August 2012...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587816/prognostic-value-of-the-preoperative-platelet-to-leukocyte-ratio-for-oncologic-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-radical-cystectomy-for-bladder-cancer
#16
Gerald B Schulz, Tobias Grimm, Alexander Buchner, Friedrich Jokisch, Markus Grabbert, Birte-Swantje Schneevoigt, Alexander Kretschmer, Christian G Stief, Alexander Karl
BACKGROUND: Currently, stratification of patients with bladder cancer (BC) mainly relies on histopathologic and clinical staging. Furthermore, inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of BC. With the preoperative platelet-to-leukocyte ratio (PLR), we introduce a novel prognostic marker based on routine hematologic values in patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: In our cohort of 665 patients undergoing RC (2004-2015) for urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB), we analyzed a variety of preoperative hematologic parameters...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587049/female-representation-in-the-academic-oncology-physician-workforce-radiation-oncology-losing-ground-to-hematology-oncology
#17
Awad A Ahmed, Wei-Ting Hwang, Emma B Holliday, Christina H Chapman, Reshma Jagsi, Charles R Thomas, Curtiland Deville
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to assess comparative female representation trends for trainees and full-time faculty in the academic radiation oncology and hematology oncology workforce of the United States over 3 decades. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Simple linear regression models with year as the independent variable were used to determine changes in female percentage representation per year and associated 95% confidence intervals for trainees and full-time faculty in each specialty...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586748/haematological-malignancies-following-temozolomide-treatment-for-paediatric-high-grade-glioma
#18
Michael Karremann, Nadja Krämer, Marion Hoffmann, Maria Wiese, Andreas Beilken, Selim Corbacioglu, Dagmar Dilloo, Pablo Hernáiz Driever, Wolfram Scheurlen, Andreas Kulozik, Gerrit H Gielen, André O von Bueren, Matthias Dürken, Christof M Kramm
BACKGROUND: Temozolomide (TMZ) is widely used in high-grade glioma (HGG). There is a major concern of treatment-induced secondary haematological malignancies (SHMs). Due to the poor overall survival of HGG patients, the true incidence is yet elusive. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the risk of SHMs following TMZ in paediatric HGG. METHODS: We analysed 487 patients from the HIT-HGG database of the German-speaking Society of Pediatric Oncology and Hematology with follow up beyond 1 year...
June 3, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577052/-analysis-of-therapy-relevant-receptors-in-bone-marrow-carcinosis-comparison-of-pathological-and-clinical-parameters
#19
G Massenkeil, C Gropp, H Kreipe, K Hussein
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow carcinosis is a sign of advanced tumor stage with nonspecific clinical and hematological symptoms. Diagnosis is based on bone marrow biopsy and histopathology, but biopsies are not part of the standard work-up in oncological diseases and data on the correlation between clinical presentation and pathological findings are sparse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a retrospective single-center study, data from 20 tumor patients with bone marrow carcinosis were analyzed...
June 2, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575880/urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-as-a-biomarker-of-kidney-injury-in-hematologic-oncologic-patients-receiving-amphotericin-b
#20
Iman Karimzadeh, Marziyeh Heydari, Mani Ramzi, Mohammad Mahdi Sagheb, Kamiar Zomorodian
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to compare the changing pattern of urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) with serum as well as urine creatinine during amphotericin B treatment and determine its accuracy in the early detection of amphotericin B nephrotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study was performed during 9 months at 3 hematology-oncology services. Patients aged 15 years and greater with no documented history of acute kidney injury or chronic kidney disease, planned to receive any formulation of amphotericin B for at least 1 week, were included...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
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