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Epicardial ablation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759680/esophageal-damage-during-epicardial-ventricular-tachycardia-ablation
#1
Jacob S Koruth, Edward W Chu, Rahul Bhardwaj, Srinivas Dukkipati, Vivek Y Reddy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 11, 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759632/catheter-ablation-of-brugada-syndrome-importance-of-repeated-administration-of-ajmaline-to-unmask-the-entire-epicardial-substrate
#2
Konstantin Krieger, Johannes Steinfurt, Corinna Lenz, Boris Keweloh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759543/long-term-outcomes-of-catheter-ablation-of-electrical-storm-in-nonischemic-dilated-cardiomyopathy-compared-with-ischemic-cardiomyopathy
#3
Daniele Muser, Jackson J Liang, Rajeev K Pathak, Silvia Magnani, Simon A Castro, Tatsuya Hayashi, Fermin C Garcia, Gregory E Supple, Michael P Riley, David Lin, Sanjay Dixit, Erica S Zado, David S Frankel, David J Callans, Francis E Marchlinski, Pasquale Santangeli
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine the long-term outcomes of catheter ablation (CA) of electrical storm in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM) compared with patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). BACKGROUND: CA of ventricular tachycardia (VT) electrical storm has been shown to improve VT-free survival in patients with ICM. Data on the outcomes of CA of electrical storm in patients with NIDCM are insufficient. METHODS: The study included 267 consecutive patients with NIDCM (n = 71; ejection fraction 32 ± 14%) and ICM (n = 196; ejection fraction 28 ± 12%)...
July 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759533/12-lead-electrocardiogram-to-localize-region-of-abnormal-electroanatomic-substrate-in-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy
#4
Cory M Tschabrunn, Haris M Haqqani, Pasquale Santangeli, Erica S Zado, Francis E Marchlinski
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between electrocardiogram (ECG) QRS fragmentation (fQRS) and right ventricular (RV) endocardial (ENDO) and epicardial (EPI) electroanatomic substrate abnormalities in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). BACKGROUND: fQRS is frequently observed in patients with ARVC and reflects delayed conduction due to RV fibrosis. METHODS: A total of 30 consecutive patients met the task force criteria for ARVC (19 men, mean age 41...
July 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759494/impact-of-lowering-irrigation-flow-rate-on-atrial-lesion-formation-in-thin-atrial-tissue-preliminary-observations-from-experimental-and-clinical-studies
#5
Saurabh Kumar, Jorge Romero, William G Stevenson, Lori Foley, Ryan Caulfield, Akira Fujii, Shinichi Tanigawa, Laurence M Epstein, Bruce A Koplan, Usha B Tedrow, Roy M John, Gregory F Michaud
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to investigate the effect of low irrigation flow rate on lesion characteristics and ablation outcomes in a clinicopathological study. BACKGROUND: Irrigated ablation produces deeper lesions compared with nonirrigated ablation, which may not be desirable in the thin-walled posterior left atrium (LA), where collateral esophageal injury is possible. METHODS: Lesions were placed on the smooth posterior right atrium in 20 swine and posterior LA in 60 patients at a maximum power of 20 to 25 W with either: 1) power-controlled ablation at an irrigation flow rate of 17 ml/min (high-flow group 10 swine; n = 40) or 2) temperature-controlled ablation at an irrigation flow rate of 2 ml/min (low-flow group 10 swine; n = 20)...
October 2017: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757020/recent-advances-in-the-treatment-of-brugada-syndrome
#6
Mariana Argenziano, Charles Antzelevitch
Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an inherited cardiac arrhythmia syndrome characterized by ST-segment elevation in right precordial ECG leads and associated with sudden cardiac death in young adults. The ECG manifestations of BrS are often concealed but can be unmasked by sodium channel blockers and fever. Areas covered: Implantation of a cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is first-line therapy for BrS patients presenting with prior cardiac arrest or documented VT. A pharmacological approach to therapy is recommended in cases of electrical storm, as an adjunct to ICD and as preventative therapy...
May 14, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755938/successful-elimination-of-recurrent-ventricular-tachycardia-by-epicardial-ablation-over-coronary-artery-supplying-postinfarction-aneurysm
#7
Kenichiro Yamagata, Petr Peichl, Josef Kautzner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: HeartRhythm Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730348/epicardial-intraoperative-3-d-mapping-of-wolff-parkinson-white-in-a-child-with-ebstein-s-anomaly
#8
James C Perry, Andras Bratincsak, Suzanne Shepard, Matthew R Williams, Joseph Loslo, Raghav Murthy, John J Lamberti
Catheter ablation of arrhythmias in small patients has inherent significant risk due to patient, catheter, and lesion size. Heart block, perforation and coronary damage may occur. This report shows adaptation of a 3-D electroanatomic mapping system for intraoperative use in a small patient with Ebstein's anomaly undergoing Cone procedure and bidirectional Glenn. Use of this technique gave clear identification of the epicardial insertion points of two accessory pathways causing Wolff-Parkinson-White and resistant episodes of supraventricular tachycardia...
May 3, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722468/comparison-of-treatment-outcomes-between-convergent-procedure-and-catheter-ablation-for-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation-evaluated-with-implantable-loop-recorder-monitoring
#9
Matevž Jan, David Žižek, Živa Miriam Geršak, Borut Geršak
INTRODUCTION: While catheter ablation (CA) is an established treatment for symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF), convergent epicardial and endocardial ablation procedure (CVP) has been primarily used to treat persistent AF. The aim of this single-center, prospective, randomized study was to compare treatment efficacy of CA and CVP in paroxysmal AF patients by monitoring AF, atrial tachycardia (AT) and atrial flutter (AFL) recurrence with Implantable Loop Recorder (ILR). METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty patients (74% male) with history of paroxysmal AF were randomized between CA and CVP...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717782/targeting-an-epicardial-endocardial-breakthrough-in-a-case-with-an-intractable-common-atrial-flutter-using-ultra-high-resolution-3-dimensional-mapping
#10
Satoshi Higuchi, Morio Shoda, Yuji Iwanami, Daigo Yagishita, Koichiro Ejima, Nobuhisa Hagiwara
The recent development of high-density high-spatial resolution 3-dimensional mapping has provided detailed information for understanding complicated atrial activation patterns at a level not previously possible. Using this technology, we report a case with recurrent common atrial flutter, demonstrating the presence of a bridging epicardial fiber that traveled across the previous cavotricuspid isthmus ablation lesion with apparent epicardial-endocardial breakthrough (EEB) sites located on both sides of the ablation line...
May 2, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716710/catheter-ablation-for-electrical-storm-in-brugada-syndrome-results-of-substrate-based-ablation
#11
Abhijeet Shelke, Ajit Tachil, Daljeet Saggu, Masilamani Lawrance Jesuraj, Sachin Yalagudri, Calambur Narasimhan
BACKGROUND: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is known to cause malignant ventricular arrhythmia (VA) and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) may experience recurrent shocks from ICD. Recent reports indicate that radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in BrS is feasible, and effective. Catheter ablation of premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) triggering VA and substrate modification of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) has been described. METHODS AND RESULTS: Five patients (4 males, age-23 to 32 years) with BrS and electrical storm (ES) despite being on isoprenaline infusion and cilostazol (phosphodiestrase-3 inhibitor) underwent 3 dimensional electroanatomic mapping and RFA...
March 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702740/localization-of-ventricular-activation-origin-using-patient-specific-geometry-preliminary-results
#12
Shijie Zhou, John L Sapp, Amir AbdelWahab, Petr Šťovíček, B Milan Horáček
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) may include induction of VT and localization of VT-exit site. Our aim was to assess localization performance of a novel statistical pace-mapping method and compare it with performance of an electrocardiographic inverse solution. METHODS: Seven patients undergoing ablation of VT (4 with epicardial, 3 with endocardial exit) aided by electroanatomic mapping underwent intraprocedural 120-lead body-surface potential mapping (BSPM)...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700862/the-quantitative-assessment-of-epicardial-fat-distribution-on-human-hearts-implications-for-epicardial-electrophysiology
#13
Alexander R Mattson, Mario J Soto, Paul A Iaizzo
INTRODUCTION: Epicardial electrophysiological procedures rely on dependable interfacing with the myocardial tissue. For example, epicardial pacing systems must generate sustainable chronic pacing capture, while epicardial ablations must effectively deliver energy to the target hyper-excitable myocytes. The human heart has a significant adipose layer which may impede epicardial procedures. The objective of this study was to quantitatively assess the relative location of epicardial adipose on the human heart, in order to define locations where epicardial therapies might be performed successfully...
April 26, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700057/how-accurate-is-inverse-electrocardiographic-mapping-a-systematic-in-vivo-evaluation
#14
Laura R Bear, Ian J LeGrice, Gregory B Sands, Nigel A Lever, Denis S Loiselle, David J Paterson, Leo K Cheng, Bruce H Smaill
BACKGROUND: Inverse electrocardiographic mapping reconstructs cardiac electrical activity from recorded body surface potentials. This noninvasive technique has been used to identify potential ablation targets. Despite this, there has been little systematic evaluation of its reliability. METHODS: Torso and ventricular epicardial potentials were recorded simultaneously in anesthetized, closed-chest pigs (n=5), during sinus rhythm, epicardial, and endocardial ventricular pacing (70 records in total)...
May 2018: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697599/significantly-elevated-c-reactive-protein-levels-after-epicardial-clipping-of-the-left-atrial-appendage
#15
Niels J Verberkmoes, Ferdi Akca, Ann-Sofie Vandevenne, Luuk Jacobs, Mohamed A Soliman Hamad, Albert H M van Straten
OBJECTIVE: Besides mechanical and anatomical changes of the left atrium, epicardial closure of the left atrial appendage has also possible homeostatic effects. The aim of this study was to assess whether epicardial clipping of the left atrial appendage has different biochemical effects compared with complete removal of the left atrial appendage. METHODS: Eighty-two patients were included and underwent a totally thoracoscopic AF ablation procedure. As part of the procedure, the left atrial appendage was excluded with an epicardial clip (n = 57) or the left atrial appendage was fully amputated with an endoscopic vascular stapler (n = 25)...
April 24, 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697597/epicardial-biatrial-ablation-with-integrated-uni-bipolar-radiofrequency-technology-in-stand-alone-persistent-atrial-fibrillation
#16
Fabrizio Rosati, Claudio Muneretto, Elisa Merati, Gianluca Polvani, Massimo Moltrasio, Claudio Tondo, Antonio Curnis, Manuel Cerini, Alexandre Metras, Gianluigi Bisleri
OBJECTIVE: Although minimally invasive approaches for surgical treatment of stand-alone atrial fibrillation have gained popularity for the past decade, ablation technology and extensive lesion sets play a major role in the achievement of a successful procedure, especially in presence of persistent and long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation. We evaluated clinical outcomes after totally endoscopic biatrial epicardial ablation of persistent atrial fibrillation with a novel integrated uni-bipolar radiofrequency device...
March 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684187/non-invasive-epicardial-and-endocardial-electrocardiographic-imaging-for-scar-related-ventricular-tachycardia
#17
Linwei Wang, Omar A Gharbia, Saman Nazarian, B Milan Horácek, John L Sapp
Aims: Contact mapping is currently used to guide catheter ablation of scar-related ventricular tachycardia (VT) but usually provides incomplete assessment of 3D re-entry circuits and their arrhythmogenic substrates. This study investigates the feasibility of non-invasive electrocardiographic imaging (ECGi) in mapping scar substrates and re-entry circuits throughout the epicardium and endocardium. Methods and results: Four patients undergoing endocardial and epicardial mapping and ablation of scar-related VT had computed tomography scans and a 120-lead electrocardiograms, which were used to compute patient-specific ventricular epicardial and endocardial unipolar electrograms (CEGMs)...
April 18, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672694/successful-surgical-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-does-not-disturb-long-term-sinus-rhythm-variability
#18
Grzegorz Suwalski, Piotr Suwalski
OBJECTIVES: Surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) aims to restore normal sinus rhythm while protecting the sinus node from surgical damage. Surgical lesions may affect autonomic neural structures and influence physiological heart rate variability (HRV). The primary aim of this study was to describe long-term dynamics of HRV after successful surgical ablation of AF. The secondary aim was to compare sinus node function after successful ablation of AF with either left atrial modified Maze procedure or epicardial pulmonary vein isolation after long-term follow-up...
April 16, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650119/assessing-the-malignant-ventricular-arrhythmic-substrate-in-patients-with-brugada-syndrome
#19
Carlo Pappone, Giuseppe Ciconte, Francesco Manguso, Gabriele Vicedomini, Valerio Mecarocci, Manuel Conti, Luigi Giannelli, Paolo Pozzi, Valeria Borrelli, Lorenzo Menicanti, Zarko Calovic, Giuseppe Della Ratta, Josep Brugada, Vincenzo Santinelli
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend the use of implanted cardioverter-defibrillators in patients with Brugada syndrome and induced ventricular tachyarrhythmias, but there is no evidence supporting it. OBJECTIVES: This prospective registry study was designed to explore clinical and electrophysiological predictors of malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmia inducibility in Brugada syndrome. METHODS: A total of 191 consecutive selected patients with (group 1; n = 88) and without (group 2; n = 103) Brugada syndrome-related symptoms were prospectively enrolled in the registry...
April 17, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625530/epicardial-adipose-tissue-and-atrial-fibrillation-pathophysiological-mechanisms-clinical-implications-and-potential-therapies
#20
Christos A Goudis, Ioannis E Vasileiadis, Tong Liu
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in clinical practice and is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) serves as a biologically active organ with important endocrine and inflammatory function. An accumulating body of evidence suggests that EAT is associated with the initiation, perpetuation and recurrence of AF, but the precise role of EAT in AF pathogenesis is not completely elucidated. Pathophysiological mechanisms involve adipocyte infiltration, profibrotic and pro-inflammatory paracrine effects, oxidative stress, neural mechanisms and genetic factors...
April 6, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
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