keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Epilepsy, stroke. Neurology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920887/the-chronic-and-evolving-neurological-consequences-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
REVIEW
Lindsay Wilson, William Stewart, Kristen Dams-O'Connor, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Lindsay Horton, David K Menon, Suzanne Polinder
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can have lifelong and dynamic effects on health and wellbeing. Research on the long-term consequences emphasises that, for many patients, TBI should be conceptualised as a chronic health condition. Evidence suggests that functional outcomes after TBI can show improvement or deterioration up to two decades after injury, and rates of all-cause mortality remain elevated for many years. Furthermore, TBI represents a risk factor for a variety of neurological illnesses, including epilepsy, stroke, and neurodegenerative disease...
October 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882919/a-randomised-controlled-cross-over-double-blind-pilot-study-protocol-on-thc-cbd-oromucosal-spray-efficacy-as-an-add-on-therapy-for-post-stroke-spasticity
#2
Lucio Marinelli, Maurizio Balestrino, Laura Mori, Luca Puce, Gian Marco Rosa, Laura Giorello, Antonio Currà, Francesco Fattapposta, Carlo Serrati, Carlo Gandolfo, Giovanni Abbruzzese, Carlo Trompetto
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is the most disabling neurological disorder and often causes spasticity. Transmucosal cannabinoids (tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol (THC:CBD), Sativex) is currently available to treat spasticity-associated symptoms in patients with multiple sclerosis. Cannabinoids are being considered useful also in the treatment of pain, nausea and epilepsy, but may bear and increased risk for cardiovascular events. Spasticity is often assessed with subjective and clinical rating scales, which are unable to measure the increased excitability of the monosynaptic reflex, considered the hallmark of spasticity...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853521/-hemispherotomy-for-treatment-of-refractory-epilepsy-in-children
#3
Jonathan Roth, Sari Nagar, Shlomi Constantini, Itzhak Fried
INTRODUCTION: Hemispherotomies are an extreme treatment for epilepsy. As opposed to focal resections, in hemispherotomies the entire hemisphere is disconnected from the remaining nervous system, including functional regions and fibers. Despite this, hemispherotomy is recommended for certain indications, with good epilepsy and functional outcomes. AIMS: To summarize the experience of hemispherotomy performed at a tertiary national center. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted including all patients operated on between 2001 and 2014...
August 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808783/post-stroke-seizures-are-clinically-underestimated
#4
Carla Bentes, Hugo Martins, Ana Rita Peralta, Carlos Casimiro, Carlos Morgado, Ana Catarina Franco, Ana Catarina Fonseca, Ruth Geraldes, Patrícia Canhão, Teresa Pinho E Melo, Teresa Paiva, José M Ferro
Cerebrovascular disease is the leading cause of epilepsy in adults, although post-stroke seizures reported frequency is variable and few studies used EEG in their identification. To describe and compare EEG and clinical epileptic manifestations frequency in patients with an anterior circulation ischaemic stroke. Prospective study of acute anterior circulation ischaemic stroke patients, consecutively admitted to a Stroke Unit over 24 months and followed-up for 1 year. All patients underwent standardized clinical and diagnostic assessment...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807784/gabapentin-prevents-cortical-spreading-depolarization-induced-disinhibition
#5
Masoud Mesgari, Johanna Krüger, Christopher Theo Riemer, Maryam Khaleghi Ghadiri, Stjepana Kovac, Ali Gorji
Cortical spreading depolarization (CSD) has an important role in brain diseases such as stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, migraine with aura, and epilepsy. Several anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) are used to treat paroxysmal brain diseases and are thus known to suppress CSD. One of these AEDs is gabapentin (GBP) which has been traditionally used for treatment of some CSD-related neurological diseases. We applied intra- and extracellular recordings to investigate the effect of CSD on inhibitory post synaptic potentials (IPSPs) and synaptic properties of rodent neocortex after application of GBP...
August 12, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799142/what-to-do-in-failed-hemispherotomy-our-clinical-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Andrea Bartoli, Y El Hassani, B Jenny, S Momjian, C M Korff, M Seeck, S Vulliemoz, K Schaller
Hemispherotomy is an established surgical technique to cure or palliate selected, mostly young patients suffering from refractory epilepsy. However, a few patients continue to have seizures despite the surgical hemispherical disconnection. We present a case series of patients who underwent redo hemispherotomy after a first unsuccessful hemispherical disconnection and provide a roadmap for subsequent workup and treatment. The institutional database of epilepsy surgery was reviewed. Twenty-four patients who underwent hemispherotomies for refractory epilepsy were identified between 2007 and 2016...
August 10, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794441/tgf%C3%AE-signaling-is-associated-with-changes-in-inflammatory-gene-expression-and-perineuronal-net-degradation-around-inhibitory-neurons-following-various-neurological-insults
#7
Soo Young Kim, Vladimir V Senatorov, Christapher S Morrissey, Kristina Lippmann, Oscar Vazquez, Dan Z Milikovsky, Feng Gu, Isabel Parada, David A Prince, Albert J Becker, Uwe Heinemann, Alon Friedman, Daniela Kaufer
Brain damage due to stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI), both leading causes of serious long-term disability, often leads to the development of epilepsy. Patients who develop post-injury epilepsy tend to have poor functional outcomes. Emerging evidence highlights a potential role for blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction in the development of post-injury epilepsy. However, common mechanisms underlying the pathological hyperexcitability are largely unknown. Here, we show that comparative transcriptome analyses predict remodeling of extracellular matrix (ECM) as a common response to different types of injuries...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791985/knowledge-of-medical-students-about-epilepsy-need-for-a-change
#8
B A Ezeala-Adikaibe, T Okpara, O S Ekenze, O Onodugo, N P Ezeala-Adikaibe, T Nnaji, G Onyebueke
PURPOSE: Though most doctors in their professional life will provide care for people with epilepsy, many will not get further training in their professional life. There may be other barriers, perceived or not, to providing care to people living with epilepsy by doctors which need to be approached in the medical undergraduate curriculum and medical continuing education. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge gaps of medical students on basic issues regarding epilepsy that could be useful in preparing training material for the students and continuous medical education for doctors working in the community...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777178/sleep-disordered-breathing
#9
Nancy R Foldvary-Schaefer, Tina E Waters
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sleep-disordered breathing encompasses a broad spectrum of sleep-related breathing disorders, including obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), central sleep apnea, as well as sleep-related hypoventilation and hypoxemia. Diagnostic criteria have been updated in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Third Edition and the American Academy of Sleep Medicine Manual for Scoring Sleep and Associated Events. Neurologic providers should have basic knowledge and skills to identify at-risk patients, as these disorders are associated with substantial morbidity, the treatment of which is largely reversible...
August 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716274/head-ct-findings-at-a-public-hospital-in-rural-haiti
#10
Yannis K Valtis, Maggie F Cochran, Louine Martineau, Bregenet Lamour, Jeffrey B Mendel, Aaron L Berkowitz
BACKGROUND: Neuroimaging is often unavailable in low-income countries, creating challenges for precise diagnosis of neurologic disease in individual patients, and impeding acquisition of precise neuroepidemiologic data for program and policy development. METHODS: We analyzed reports from 3614 head CTs performed between July 2013 and January 2016 at Hôpital Universitaire de Mirebalais, a public academic hospital in rural Haiti, extracting patients' age, study indication, and radiologic findings...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681724/the-association-between-bullous-pemphigoid-and-neurological-disorders-a-systematic-review
#11
Nima Milani-Nejad, Myron Zhang, Jessica Kaffenberger
Studies suggest an association between neurological disorders and bullous pemphigoid. The goal of this systematic review was to characterize the occurrence of neurological disorders in patients with bullous pemphigoid. We performed a systematic review of the current English literature from 1984 to June 1(st), 2015 for documented cases of coexistent BP and neurological disorders. The literature search resulted in 53 articles meeting the inclusion criteria. Patients with bullous pemphigoid had an increased risk of stroke (OR: 4...
July 5, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663005/music-based-interventions-in-neurological-rehabilitation
#12
REVIEW
Aleksi J Sihvonen, Teppo Särkämö, Vera Leo, Mari Tervaniemi, Eckart Altenmüller, Seppo Soinila
During the past ten years, an increasing number of controlled studies have assessed the potential rehabilitative effects of music-based interventions, such as music listening, singing, or playing an instrument, in several neurological diseases. Although the number of studies and extent of available evidence is greatest in stroke and dementia, there is also evidence for the effects of music-based interventions on supporting cognition, motor function, or emotional wellbeing in people with Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, or multiple sclerosis...
August 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659788/oscillatory-activities-in-neurological-disorders-of-elderly-biomarkers-to-target-for-neuromodulation
#13
REVIEW
Assenza Giovanni, Fioravante Capone, Lazzaro di Biase, Florinda Ferreri, Lucia Florio, Andrea Guerra, Massimo Marano, Matteo Paolucci, Federico Ranieri, Gaetano Salomone, Mario Tombini, Gregor Thut, Vincenzo Di Lazzaro
Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) has been under investigation as adjunct treatment of various neurological disorders with variable success. One challenge is the limited knowledge on what would be effective neuronal targets for an intervention, combined with limited knowledge on the neuronal mechanisms of NIBS. Motivated on the one hand by recent evidence that oscillatory activities in neural systems play a role in orchestrating brain functions and dysfunctions, in particular those of neurological disorders specific of elderly patients, and on the other hand that NIBS techniques may be used to interact with these brain oscillations in a controlled way, we here explore the potential of modulating brain oscillations as an effective strategy for clinical NIBS interventions...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647441/prevention-of-epilepsy-should-we-be-avoiding-clinical-trials
#14
REVIEW
Pavel Klein, Ivana Tyrlikova
Epilepsy prevention is one of the great unmet needs in epilepsy. Approximately 15% of all epilepsy is caused by an acute acquired CNS insult such as traumatic brain injury (TBI), stroke or encephalitis. There is a latent period between the insult and epilepsy onset that presents an opportunity to intervene with preventive treatment that is unique in neurology. Yet no phase 3 epilepsy prevention studies, and only 2 phase 2 studies have been initiated in the last 16years. Current prevailing opinion is that the research community is not ready for clinical preventive epilepsy studies, and that animal models should first be refined and biomarkers of epileptogenesis and of epilepsy discovered before clinical studies are embarked upon...
June 21, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638240/perioperative-management-of-neurological-conditions
#15
REVIEW
Manjeet Singh Dhallu, Ahmed Baiomi, Madhavi Biyyam, Sridhar Chilimuri
Perioperative care of the patients with neurological diseases can be challenging. Most important consideration is the management and understanding of pathophysiology of these disorders and evaluation of new neurological changes that occur perioperatively. Perioperative generally refers to 3 phases of surgery: preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative. We have tried to address few commonly encountered neurological conditions in clinical practice, such as delirium, stroke, epilepsy, myasthenia gravis, and Parkinson disease...
2017: Health Services Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635873/-a-role-of-p-glycoprotein-in-neurology
#16
I V Chernykh, A V Shchulkin, E N Yakusheva, N M Popova
On the basis of the analysis of literature data, the authors show a role of P-glycoprotein in the pathogenesis, pharmacotherapy and a prophylaxis of neurologic diseases (Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, stroke).
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615436/hospital-safety-among-neurologic-patients-a-population-based-cohort-study-of-adverse-events
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Khara M Sauro, Hude Quan, Khokan C Sikdar, Peter Faris, Nathalie Jette
OBJECTIVE: To examine the frequency and type of adverse events (AEs) experienced by neurologic patients in hospital. METHODS: This population-based, retrospective cohort study used hospital discharge abstract data for children and adults admitted to hospital from 2009 to 2015 with 1 of 9 neurologic conditions (Alzheimer disease and related dementia, brain tumor, epilepsy, motor neuron disease, multiple sclerosis, parkinsonism/Parkinson disease, spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, and stroke)...
July 18, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612259/apoptosis-following-cortical-spreading-depression-in-juvenile-rats
#18
Ali Jahanbazi Jahan-Abad, Leila Alizadeh, Sajad Sahab Negah, Parastoo Barati, Maryam Khaleghi Ghadiri, Sven G Meuth, Stjepana Kovac, Ali Gorji
Repetitive cortical spreading depression (CSD) can lead to cell death in immature brain tissue. Caspases are involved in neuronal cell death in several CSD-related neurological disorders, such as stroke and epilepsy. Yet, whether repetitive CSD itself can induce caspase activation in adult or juvenile tissue remains unknown. Inducing repetitive CSD in somatosensory cortices of juvenile and adult rats in vivo, we thus aimed to investigate the effect of repetitive CSD on the expression caspase-3, caspase-8, caspase-9, and caspase-12 in different brain regions using immunohistochemistry and western blotting techniques...
June 13, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608354/-presumed-perinatal-ischemic-stroke-risk-factors-and-clinical-and-radiological-findings
#19
N Villora-Morcillo, C Cordero-Castro, M Berenguer-Potenciano, J I Rodriguez-Martin, L Lucendo-Jimenez, A Camacho-Salas
INTRODUCTION: Presumed perinatal ischemic stroke is a frequent cause of neurological sequelae. We aimed to describe the different clinical findings and risk factors and to analyse the differences according the vascular origin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective, descriptive study of patients diagnosed with presumed perinatal ischemic stroke attended at a tertiary pediatric hospital from 1990 to 2015. RESULTS: 44 patients were included. A total of 24 patients (55%) had arterial ischemic stroke and 20 (45%) had periventricular venous infarction...
June 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605741/electroencephalography-patterns-and-prognosis-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#20
Fabricio O Lima, João A G Ricardo, Ana C Coan, Diogo C Soriano, Wagner M Avelar, Li L Min
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The prognostic significance of interictal epileptiform discharges (IED) and periodic patterns (PP) after ischemic stroke has not been assessed. We sought to test whether IED and PP, detected on standard Electroencephalography (EEG) performed during the acute phase of ischemic stroke are associated with a worse functional outcome. METHODS: One-hundred-fifty-seven patients 18 years or older with a diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke presenting within 72 h from stroke onset were prospectively enrolled and followed...
June 13, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
keyword
keyword
63462
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"