keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Epilepsy, stroke. Neurology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900731/the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-korean-version-of-the-stigma-scale-for-chronic-illness-8-items-ssci-8-in-patients-with-neurological-disorders
#1
Sung-Hee Yoo, Sung Reul Kim, Hyang Sook So, Hyang-In Cho Chung, Duck Hee Chae, Myeong-Kyu Kim, Byeong C Kim, Man-Seok Park, Seung-Han Lee, Tai-Seung Nam, Helena Correia, David Cella
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to develop a Korean version of the Stigma Scale for Chronic Illness 8-items (SSCI-8) and then assess its reliability and construct validity among patients with neurological conditions. METHOD: Patients diagnosed with stroke, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis were recruited. Reliability was assessed for internal consistency with Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was used to extract potential factors of Korean SSCI-8...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870400/sex-differences-in-the-anticonvulsant-activity-of-neurosteroids
#2
REVIEW
Doodipala Samba Reddy
Epilepsy is one of the leading causes of chronic neurological morbidity worldwide. Acquired epilepsy may result from a number of conditions, such as brain injury, anoxia, tumors, stroke, neurotoxicity, and prolonged seizures. Sex differences have been observed in many seizure types; however, some sex-specific seizure disorders are much more prevalent in women. Despite some inconsistencies, substantial data indicates that sensitivity to seizure stimuli differs between the sexes. Men generally exhibit greater seizure susceptibility than women, whereas many women with epilepsy experience a cyclical occurrence of seizures that tends to center around the menstrual period, which has been termed catamenial epilepsy...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855635/prevalence-and-incidence-of-neurological-disorders-among-adult-ugandans-in-rural-and-urban-mukono-district-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mark Kaddumukasa, Leviticus Mugenyi, Martin N Kaddumukasa, Edward Ddumba, Michael Devereaux, Anthony Furlan, Martha Sajatovic, Elly Katabira
BACKGROUND: The burden of neurological diseases is increasing in developing countries. However, there is a prominent scarcity of literature on the incidence of neurological diseases in sub-Saharan Africa. This study was therefore undertaken to determine the prevalence and incidence of neurological diseases in this setting to serve as a baseline for planning and care for neurological disorders in Uganda. METHODS: The study was conducted within rural and urban Mukono district, east of Kampala city of Uganda, central region...
November 17, 2016: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846918/neurology-health-advocacy-curriculum-needs-assessment-curricular-content-and-underlying-components
#4
Ahmad Rida Abuzinadah, Lara Cooke
BACKGROUND: Lack of a health advocacy curriculum and clarity are obstacles for effectively teaching neurology health advocacy (NHA) to neurology residents. Our purpose is to assess the need and develop content for a NHA curriculum and to describe its underlying components. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with two steps. In step one, neurologists and neurology residents at University of Calgary were surveyed about their perception of teaching NHA and asked to rank 56 neurological diseases on a Likert scale based on how well they lend themselves to teaching health advocacy...
November 16, 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785931/role-of-glutathione-s-transferases-in-neurological-problems
#5
Anil Kumar, Dinesh K Dhull, Varun Gupta, Priyanka Channana, Arti Singh, Manveen Bhardwaj, Poonam Ruhal, Ruchika Mittal
Role of Glutathione-S-transferases (GSTs) has been well explored in the cellular detoxification process, regulation of redox homeostasis and S-glutothionylation of target proteins like JNK, ASK1 etc. However, altered levels or functions of this enzyme or their subtypes have emerged in the development of several pathologies diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, cancer and related conditions. Oxidative stress is one of the possible pathological events that contributes significantly to activation of degenerating cascades inside neuronal cells...
October 27, 2016: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755938/arterial-spin-labeling-perfusion-of-the-brain-emerging-clinical-applications
#6
Sven Haller, Greg Zaharchuk, David L Thomas, Karl-Olof Lovblad, Frederik Barkhof, Xavier Golay
Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a magnetic resonance (MR) imaging technique used to assess cerebral blood flow noninvasively by magnetically labeling inflowing blood. In this article, the main labeling techniques, notably pulsed and pseudocontinuous ASL, as well as emerging clinical applications will be reviewed. In dementia, the pattern of hypoperfusion on ASL images closely matches the established patterns of hypometabolism on fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) images due to the close coupling of perfusion and metabolism in the brain...
November 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748849/gastrodin-ameliorates-subacute-phase-cerebral-ischemia%C3%A2-reperfusion-injury-by-inhibiting-inflammation-and-apoptosis-in-rats
#7
Bo Liu, Fei Li, Jingshan Shi, Danli Yang, Yuanyuan Deng, Qihai Gong
Gastrodin (GAS), which is extracted from the Chinese herbal medicine Gastrodia elata Blume, has long been used to improve stroke, epilepsy, dizziness and dementia. However, the effects and underlying mechanisms of GAS on subacute phase cerebral ischemia‑reperfusion (I/R) injury remain unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of GAS on cerebral I/R injury in rats. The rats were pretreated with GAS by gavage for 7 days followed by I/R surgery, and were then treated with GAS for 7 days after I/R surgery...
November 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679408/neurological-diseases-and-bullous-pemphigoid-a-case-control-study-in-iranian-patients
#8
Maryam Daneshpazhooh, Javad Khorassani, Kamran Balighi, Narges Ghandi, Hamidreza Mahmoudi, Hamidreza Tohidinik, Shahin Hamzelou, Cheyda Chams-Davatchi
INTRODUCTION: Neurological diseases are important co-morbidities found in association with bullous pemphigoid. Various neurological conditions (stroke, Parkinson's disease, dementia, epilepsy and multiple sclerosis) have been reported as associations of this bullous disease; whether these are significant has not been definitely proved. However, the presence of neurological conditions is a predictor of poorer prognosis. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to examine the association of bullous pemphigoid and neurological diseases in Iranian bullous pemphigoid patients...
September 26, 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651259/the-advances-in-neurobiology
#9
M Ishwarya, R T Narendhirakannan
Neurological disorders are diseases of the brain, the spine, and the nerves that connect them. There are more than 600 diseases of the nervous system, such as brain tumors, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, and stroke as well as less familiar ones such as frontotemporal dementia, Alzheimer's disease, and other dementias; cerebrovascular diseases including stroke, migraine, and other headache disorders; multiple sclerosis; neuroinfections; brain tumors; traumatic disorders of the nervous system such as brain trauma; and neurological disorders as a result of malnutrition...
2016: Advances in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638967/suicidal-ideation-in-persons-with-neurological-conditions-prevalence-associations-and-validation-of-the-phq-9-for-suicidal-ideation
#10
Kristianne Chelsea Altura, Scott B Patten, Kirsten M Fiest, Callie Atta, Andrew G Bulloch, Nathalie Jetté
OBJECTIVES: Our primary aim was to validate the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 as a screening tool for suicidal ideation (SI). METHODS: Persons with epilepsy (n=188), migraine (n=208), multiple sclerosis (n=151), and stroke (n=122) completed questionnaires (e.g., PHQ-9) and the structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID). Logistic regression was used to examine factors associated with SI [odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs)]. The diagnostic accuracy of the PHQ-9 in identifying SI [sensitivity (Se), specificity (Sp), positive and negative predictive value (PPV and NPV)] was validated against the SCID...
September 2016: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638923/sudden-neurologic-death-masquerading-as-out-of-hospital-sudden-cardiac-death
#11
Anthony S Kim, Ellen Moffatt, Philip C Ursell, Orrin Devinsky, Jeffrey Olgin, Zian H Tseng
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the frequency of and risk factors for out-of-hospital sudden neurologic deaths. METHODS: During the initial 25 months (February 1, 2011-March 1, 2013) of the San Francisco Postmortem Systematic Investigation of Sudden Cardiac Death Study, we captured incident WHO criteria sudden cardiac deaths (SCDs) through active surveillance of consecutive out-of-hospital deaths, which must be reported to the medical examiner by law. All cases were referred for full autopsy with detailed examination of the heart and cranial vault, toxicology, and histology...
October 18, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636599/sexual-dysfunction-in-medical-practice
#12
Manohar J Shivananda, T S Sathyanaryana Rao
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sexual dysfunction is associated with many medical disorders. Lack of recognition of sexual dysfunction commonly occurs in medical practice. The impact of unrecognized sexual dysfunction affects quality of life, which in turn affects the recovery from medical illness. This article reviews the recent literature regarding sexual dysfunction in medical practice published in PubMed, Clinical key, Scopus, Google scholar from November 2014 to May 2016. RECENT FINDINGS: New findings suggest that sexual dysfunction is associated with most of the disorders affecting various systems...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621635/construction-of-standardized-arabic-questionnaires-for-screening-neurological-disorders-dementia-stroke-epilepsy-movement-disorders-muscle-and-neuromuscular-junction-disorders
#13
Hamdy N El Tallawy, Wafaa Ma Farghaly, Tarek A Rageh, Ahmed O Saleh, Taha Ah Mestekawy, Manal Mm Darwish, Mohamed A Abd El Hamed, Anwar M Ali, Doaa M Mahmoud
A screening questionnaire is an important tool for early diagnosis of neurological disorders, and for epidemiological research. This screening instrument must be both feasible and valid. It must be accepted by the community and must be sensitive enough. So, the aim of this study was to prepare different Arabic screening questionnaires for screening different neurological disorders. This study was carried out in three stages. During the first stage, construction of separate questionnaires designed for screening the five major neurological disorders: cerebrovascular stroke, dementias, epilepsy, movement disorders, and muscle and neuromuscular disorders were done...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599898/bullous-pemphigoid-and-its-association-with-neurological-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Y C Lai, Y W Yew, W C Lambert
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a chronic, autoimmune vesiculobullous disease that frequently occurs in the elderly population. Previous epidemiological studies have suggested an association between BP and neurological diseases; some studies, however, showed conflicting results. This study aimed to investigate if patients with BP have significantly higher risks for neurological disorders, compared to controls. A comprehensive search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane library databases. Case-control and cohort studies that assessed the relationship between BP and neurological diseases were included...
September 7, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595007/cerebellar-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-neurological-disease
#15
REVIEW
Roberta Ferrucci, Tommaso Bocci, Francesca Cortese, Fabiana Ruggiero, Alberto Priori
Several studies have highlighted the therapeutic potential of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in patients with neurological diseases, including dementia, epilepsy, post-stroke dysfunctions, movement disorders, and other pathological conditions. Because of this technique's ability to modify cerebellar excitability without significant side effects, cerebellar tDCS is a new, interesting, and powerful tool to induce plastic modifications in the cerebellum. In this report, we review a number of interesting studies on the application of cerebellar tDCS for various neurological conditions (ataxia, Parkinson's disease, dystonia, essential tremor) and the possible mechanism by which the stimulation acts on the cerebellum...
2016: Cerebellum & Ataxias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588359/epilepsy-in-qatar-causes-treatment-and-outcome
#16
Naim Haddad, Gayane Melikyan, Hassan Al Hail, Ayman Al Jurdi, Faten Aqeel, Abdullah Elzafarany, Nour Abuhadra, Mujahed Laswi, Yasser Alsamman, Basim Uthman, Dirk Deleu, Boulenouar Mesraoua, Gonzalo Alarcon, Nabil Azar, Leopold Streletz, Ziyad Mahfoud
OBJECTIVE: Qatar is a small country on the Eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. Its population is a unique mixture of native citizens and immigrants. We aimed to describe the features of epilepsy in Qatar as such information is virtually lacking from the current literature. METHODS: We summarized information retrospectively collected from 468 patients with epilepsy seen through the national health system adult neurology clinic. RESULTS: Epilepsy was classified as focal in 65...
October 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538600/post-stroke-epilepsy-in-burkina-faso-west-africa
#17
Christian Napon, Anselme Dabilgou, Julie Kyelem, Jean Kaboré
Post-stroke epilepsy (PSE) is defined as "recurrent seizures following stroke with confirmed diagnosis of epilepsy". Our objective was to describe the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic PSE aspects at the Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital, the main reference centre for neurological conditions in Burkina Faso. We conducted a retrospective study from January 2006 to December 2014. The data on thirty-two (32) cases of PSE was collected from a total of 1616 patients hospitalized for stroke, representing a rate of 1...
September 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476418/movement-disorders-in-mitochondrial-diseases
#18
C Tranchant, M Anheim
Mitochondrial diseases (MIDs) are a large group of heterogeneous disorders due to mutations in either mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) or nuclear DNA (nDNA) genes, the latter encoding proteins involved in mitochondrial function. A multisystem clinical picture that involves several organs, including both the peripheral and central nervous systems, is a common presentation of MID. Movement disorders, even isolated ones, are not rare. Cerebellar ataxia is common in myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibers (MERFF) due to mutations in the mitochondrial transfer RNA (tRNA) lysine gene, in Kearns-Sayre syndrome due to mtDNA deletions, in sensory ataxic neuropathy with dysarthria and ophthalmoplegia (SANDO) due to nuclear POLG1 gene mutations, and also in ARCA2, Friedreich's ataxia, SPG7, SCA28 and autosomal-recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS) due to mutations in nuclear genes involved in mitochondrial morphology or function...
August 2016: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463686/peculiarities-of-neurological-disorders-and-study-designs
#19
Ettore Beghi, Elisabetta Pupillo, Giorgia Giussani
BACKGROUND: Neurological disorders are heterogeneous clinical conditions with variable course and outcome. SUMMARY: The basic aspects of the commonest neurological disorders are addressed along with the proposed structure of randomized clinical trials (RCTs). Dementing disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), are clinical conditions in which altered cognitive functions are associated with behavioral and personality changes. Parkinson's disease (PD) is a multisystem disorder characterized by motor dysfunction associated with dysautonomia, sleep and olfactory disturbances, cognitive changes, and depression...
2016: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452210/prospects-of-modeling-poststroke-epileptogenesis
#20
Doodipala Samba Reddy, Aamir Bhimani, Ramkumar Kuruba, Min Jung Park, Farida Sohrabji
This Review describes the current status of poststroke epilepsy (PSE) with an emphasis on poststroke epileptogenesis modeling for testing new therapeutic agents. Stroke is a leading cause of epilepsy in an aging population. Late-onset "epileptic" seizures have been reported in up to 30% cases after stroke. Nevertheless, the overall prevalence of PSE is 2-4%. Rodent models of stroke have contributed to our understanding of the relationship between seizures and the underlying ischemic damage to neurons. To understand whether acutely generated stroke events lead to a chronic phenotype more closely resembling PSE with recurrent seizures, a limited variety of approaches emerged in early 2000s...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Research
keyword
keyword
63462
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"