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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277556/a-psychometric-study-of-the-bayley-scales-of-infant-and-toddler-development-in-persian-language-children
#1
Nadia Azari, Farin Soleimani, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Soheila Shahshahani, Hossein Karimi, Adis Kraskian, Amin Shahrokhi, Robab Teymouri, Masoud Gharib
OBJECTIVE: Bayley Scales of infant & toddler development is a well-known diagnostic developmental assessment tool for children aged 1-42 months. Our aim was investigating the validity & reliability of this scale in Persian speaking children. MATERIALS & METHODS: The method was descriptive-analytic. Translation- back translation and cultural adaptation was done. Content & face validity of translated scale was determined by experts' opinions. Overall, 403 children aged 1 to 42 months were recruited from health centers of Tehran, during years of 2013-2014 for developmental assessment in cognitive, communicative (receptive & expressive) and motor (fine & gross) domains...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260553/cor-triatriatum-sinister-with-an-intact-interatrial-septum-and-a-decompressing-vein-in-a-toddler
#2
Ziyad M Binsalamah, Luis E De León, Jeffrey S Heinle
Cor triatriatum sinister is a very rare cardiac anomaly that may lead to pulmonary hypertension, right ventricular dilation, and eventually right heart failure. We report a case of a toddler who presented with respiratory distress and cardiomegaly and was found to have cor triatriatum sinister with a restrictive communication, decompressing vertical vein, pulmonary hypertension, severe tricuspid regurgitation, and severe right ventricular dysfunction. She underwent a successful surgical repair, with normalisation of right ventricular function and pulmonary artery pressure...
March 6, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236100/brief-report-what-drives-parental-concerns-about-their-18-month-olds-at-familial-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Elizabeth A Karp, Lisa V Ibañez, Zachary Warren, Wendy L Stone
Parent-reported developmental concerns can be a first step toward further screening and intervention for children at risk for ASD. However, little is known about the extent to which parental well-being and child behavior contribute to parental concerns, especially in families who already have one child with ASD. This study included 54 parents and their 18-month-old high-risk toddlers to examine the extent to which parents' well-being (i.e., parenting stress and self-efficacy), and children's behavior (i.e., expressive language and social communication) contribute to parents' concerns regarding their toddler's development...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212508/examining-cross-cultural-differences-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-multinational-comparison-from-greece-italy-japan-poland-and-the-united-states
#4
J L Matson, M Matheis, C O Burns, G Esposito, P Venuti, E Pisula, A Misiak, E Kalyva, V Tsakiris, Y Kamio, M Ishitobi, R L Goldin
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by social and communication impairments as well as restricted, repetitive behavior patterns. Despite the fact that ASD is reported worldwide, very little research exists examining ASD characteristics on a multinational scale. Cross-cultural comparisons are especially important for ASD, since cultural differences may impact the perception of symptoms. Identifying behaviors that are similarly reported as problematic across cultures as well as identifying behaviors in which there is cultural variation could aid in the development and refinement of more universally effective measures...
February 14, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203335/is-the-bayley-scales-of-infant-and-toddler-developmental-screening-test-valid-and-reliable-for-persian-speaking-children
#5
Farin Soleimani, Nadia Azari, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Soheila Shahshahani, Hossein Karimi, Adis Kraskian, Amin Shahrokhi, Robab Teymouri, Masoud Gharib
BACKGROUND: Advances in perinatal and neonatal care have substantially improved the survival of at-risk infants over the past two decades. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Bayley Scales of infant and toddler developmental Screening test in Persian-speaking children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional prospective study of 403 children aged 1 - 42-months. The Bayley scales screening instrument, which consists of five domains (cognitive, receptive, and expressive communication and fine and gross motor items), was used to measure infants' and toddlers' development...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182482/the-attribution-of-navigational-and-goal-directed-agency-in-dogs-canis-familiaris-and-human-toddlers-homo-sapiens
#6
Tibor Tauzin, Andor Csík, Kata Lovas, György Gergely, József Topál
Both human infants and nonhuman primates can recognize unfamiliar entities as instrumental agents ascribing to them goals and efficiency of goal-pursuit. This competence relies on movement cues indicating distal sensitivity to the environment and choice of efficient goal-approach. Although dogs' evolved sensitivity to social cues allow them to recognize humans as communicative agents, it remains unclear whether they have also evolved a basic concept of instrumental agency. We used a preferential object-choice procedure to test whether adult pet dogs and human toddlers can identify unfamiliar entities as agents based on different types of movement cues that specify different levels of agency...
February 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182143/a-possible-role-of-the-infant-toddler-sensory-profile-in-screening-for-autism-a-proof-of-concept-study-in-the-specific-sample-of-prematurely-born-children-with-birth-weights-1-500-g
#7
Stepanka Beranova, Jan Stoklasa, Iva Dudova, Daniela Markova, Martina Kasparova, Jana Zemankova, Tomas Urbanek, Tomas Talasek, Pasi Luukka, Michal Hrdlicka
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the potential of the Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile (ITSP) as a screening tool for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in prematurely born children. METHODS: Parents of 157 children with birth weights <1,500 g (aged 2 years, corrected for prematurity; 88 boys, 69 girls) completed a screening battery that included the ITSP, Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT), and the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Developmental Profile Infant-Toddler Checklist (CSBS-DP-ITC)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128992/the-multisensory-nature-of-verbal-discourse-in-parent-toddler-interactions
#8
Sumarga H Suanda, Linda B Smith, Chen Yu
Toddlers learn object names in sensory rich contexts. Many argue that this multisensory experience facilitates learning. Here, we examine how toddlers' multisensory experience is linked to another aspect of their experience associated with better learning: the temporally extended nature of verbal discourse. We observed parent-toddler dyads as they played with, and as parents talked about, a set of objects. Analyses revealed links between the multisensory and extended nature of speech, highlighting inter-connections and redundancies in the environment...
July 2016: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079770/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-after-assisted-reproductive-technologies
#9
Jacques Balayla, Odile Sheehy, William D Fraser, Jean R Séguin, Jacquetta Trasler, Patricia Monnier, Andrea A MacLeod, Marie-Noëlle Simard, Gina Muckle, Anick Bérard
OBJECTIVE: To compare children's cognitive, motor, and language development at 2 years of age after assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) relative to natural conception. METHODS: The 3D-Study (2010-2012) is a prospective cohort study, which sought to improve the understanding among perinatal events, obstetric outcomes, and child development. A total of 2,366 pregnant women were recruited, of whom 278 conceived with ART: ovarian stimulation, intrauterine sperm insemination, in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or in vitro maturation...
February 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062515/joint-attention-and-brain-functional-connectivity-in-infants-and-toddlers
#10
Adam T Eggebrecht, Jed T Elison, Eric Feczko, Alexandre Todorov, Jason J Wolff, Sridhar Kandala, Chloe M Adams, Abraham Z Snyder, John D Lewis, Annette M Estes, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Kelly N Botteron, Robert C McKinstry, John N Constantino, Alan Evans, Heather C Hazlett, Stephen Dager, Sarah J Paterson, Robert T Schultz, Martin A Styner, Guido Gerig, Samir Das, Penelope Kostopoulos, Bradley L Schlaggar, Steven E Petersen, Joseph Piven, John R Pruett
Initiating joint attention (IJA), the behavioral instigation of coordinated focus of 2 people on an object, emerges over the first 2 years of life and supports social-communicative functioning related to the healthy development of aspects of language, empathy, and theory of mind. Deficits in IJA provide strong early indicators for autism spectrum disorder, and therapies targeting joint attention have shown tremendous promise. However, the brain systems underlying IJA in early childhood are poorly understood, due in part to significant methodological challenges in imaging localized brain function that supports social behaviors during the first 2 years of life...
January 6, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018875/diagnostic-accuracy-of-developmental-screening-in-primary-care-at-the-18-month-health-supervision-visit-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Meta van den Heuvel, Cornelia M Borkhoff, Christine Koroshegyi, Weeda Zabih, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Jonathon Maguire, Catherine Birken, Patricia Parkin
BACKGROUND: Communication delays are often the first presenting problem in infants with a range of developmental disabilities. Our objective was to assess the validity of the 18-month Nipissing District Developmental Screen compared with the Infant Toddler Checklist, a validated tool for detecting expressive language and other communication delays. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. Children aged 18-20 months were recruited during scheduled health supervision visits...
October 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940793/media-and-young-minds
#12
(no author information available yet)
Infants, toddlers, and preschoolers are now growing up in environments saturated with a variety of traditional and new technologies, which they are adopting at increasing rates. Although there has been much hope for the educational potential of interactive media for young children, accompanied by fears about their overuse during this crucial period of rapid brain development, research in this area still remains limited. This policy statement reviews the existing literature on television, videos, and mobile/interactive technologies; their potential for educational benefit; and related health concerns for young children (0 to 5 years of age)...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923153/bilingual-toddlers-have-advanced-abilities-to-repair-communication-failure
#13
Stephanie Wermelinger, Anja Gampe, Moritz M Daum
Recent research has demonstrated enhanced communicative abilities in bilingual children compared with monolingual children throughout childhood and in a variety of domains. The processes underlying these advantages are, however, not well understood. It has been suggested that one aspect that particularly stimulates bilinguals' communication skills is their daily experience with challenging communication. In the current study, we investigated whether children's assumed experience with communication failures would increase their skills when it came to repairing communication failure...
March 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910235/the-impact-of-caregiver-mediated-jasper-on-child-restricted-and-repetitive-behaviors-and-caregiver-responses
#14
Clare Harrop, Amanda Gulsrud, Wendy Shih, Lilit Hovsepyan, Connie Kasari
Restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) are a core feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Compared to the social-communication impairments children show, we know less about why children engage in these repetitive actions and behaviors and how to help children (and their caregivers) with these behaviors. As a result, early intervention has typically focused on social-communication. In this study, we were interested in understanding how child RRBs changed following an intervention that targeted social-communication behaviors and if the training caregivers received changed how they responded to their child's RRBs...
December 2, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897320/speech-and-language-interventions-for-infants-aged-0-to-2-years-at-high-risk-for-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Olena Chorna, Ellyn Hamm, Caitlin Cummings, Ashley Fetters, Nathalie L Maitre
AIM: We evaluated the level of evidence of speech, language, and communication interventions for infants at high-risk for, or with a diagnosis of, cerebral palsy (CP) from 0 to 2 years old. METHOD: We performed a systematic review of relevant terms. Articles were evaluated based on the level of methodological quality and evidence according to A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) guidelines...
November 29, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882544/prospective-evaluation-of-the-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-3rd-edition-in-very-low-birthweight-infants
#16
Pratibha K Agarwal, Luming Shi, Lourdes M Daniel, Phey Hong Yang, Poh Choo Khoo, Bin Huey Quek, Qishi Zheng, Victor S Rajadurai
AIM: To evaluate the predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire 3rd Edition (ASQ-3) with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development 3rd Edition (Bayley-III) in infants born preterm and very-low-birthweight (PT/VLBW; ≤1250g). METHOD: We evaluated 141 PT/VLBW infants (68 males, 73 females) born at the KK Women's and Children's Hospital between January 2010 and December 2011, to determine predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement between the ASQ-3 at 9, 12, 18, and 24 months corrected age and Bayley-III at 24 months...
November 24, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874271/diagnostic-model-generated-by-mri-derived-brain-features-in-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Xiang Xiao, Hui Fang, Jiansheng Wu, ChaoYong Xiao, Ting Xiao, Lu Qian, FengJing Liang, Zhou Xiao, Kang Kang Chu, Xiaoyan Ke
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder with core symptoms of atypical social interaction, communication, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities. Although the pathophysiologic mechanism of ASD is unclarified yet, the neuroanatomical features are considered as valuable predictors for discriminating ASD from others. But there has been relatively little scientific study about predictive power of different neuroanatomical features of early age ASD...
November 22, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830264/an-exploration-of-the-use-of-eye-gaze-and-gestures-in-females-with-rett-syndrome
#18
Anna Urbanowicz, Jenny Downs, Sonya Girdler, Natalie Ciccone, Helen Leonard
Purpose: This study investigated the communicative use of eye gaze and gestures in females with Rett syndrome. Method: Data on 151 females with Rett syndrome participating in the Australian Rett Syndrome Database was used in this study. Items from the Communication and Symbolic Behavior Scales Developmental Profile Infant-Toddler Checklist (Wetherby & Prizant, 2002) were used to measure communication. Relationships between the use of eye gaze and gestures for communication were investigated using logistic regression...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812345/the-relative-importance-of-language-in-guiding-social-preferences-through-development
#19
REVIEW
Rana Esseily, Eszter Somogyi, Bahia Guellai
In this paper, we review evidence from infants, toddlers, and preschoolers to tackle the question of how individuals orient preferences and actions toward social partners and how these preferences change over development. We aim at emphasizing the importance of language in guiding categorization relatively to other cues such as age, race and gender. We discuss the importance of language as part of a communication system that orients infants and older children's attention toward relevant information in their environment and toward affiliated social partners who are potential sources of knowledge...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788278/continuity-from-prelinguistic-communication-to-later-language-ability-a-follow-up-study-from-infancy-to-early-school-age
#20
Sira Määttä, Marja-Leena Laakso, Timo Ahonen Asko Tolvanen, Jari Westerholm, Tuija Aro
Purpose: This longitudinal study examined the development of prelinguistic skills and the continuity of communication and language from the prelinguistic stage to school age. Method: Prelinguistic communication of 427 Finnish children was followed repeatedly from 6 to 18 months of age (n = 203-322 at ages 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 months), and its associations with language ability at ages 2;0 (n = 104), 3;0 (n = 112), 4;7 (n = 253), 5;3 (n = 102), and 7;9 (n = 236) were examined using latent growth curve modeling...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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