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Toddler communication

Maya Matheis, Johnny L Matson, Claire O Burns, Xinrui Jiang, W Jason Peters, Michael Moore, Kaitlin A de Back, Jasper Estabillo
PURPOSE: The age of first concern (AOC) of parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has substantial implications for early diagnosis and intervention. The current study sought to determine the average AOC, what types of first concerns are most common, and what factors predict earlier AOC in toddlers with ASD. METHODS: This study analyzed the predictive influence of the type of concern, symptom severity, medical diagnoses, and other independent variables on AOC among toddlers with ASD using multiple regressions...
August 11, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Laura J Hahn, Nancy C Brady, Kandace K Fleming, Steven F Warren
Purpose: In this study, we examine joint engagement (JE) in young children with fragile X syndrome (FXS) and its relationship to language abilities and autism spectrum disorder symptomatology at 24 to 36 months (toddler period) and 59 to 68 months (child period). Method: Participants were 28 children with FXS (24 boys, four girls) and their mothers. Videotaped home observations were conducted during the toddler period and coded for JE. Language abilities were measured at both ages from a developmental assessment, a functional measure, and from a language sample...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Monica L Oxford, Susan J Spieker, Mary Jane Lohr, Charles B Fleming
We conducted a community-based randomized control trial with intent-to-treat analysis on Promoting First Relationships® (PFR), a 10-week home visiting program. The study included 247 families with 10- to 24-month-old children who had a recent, open child protective services investigation of child maltreatment. Families were randomly assigned to receive either the 10-week home visiting PFR service or a telephone-based, three-call resource and referral (R&R) service. Across postintervention time points, parents in the PFR condition scored higher than families in the R&R condition in parent understanding of toddlers' social emotional needs (d = ...
September 19, 2016: Child Maltreatment
Dasal Tenzin Jashar, Laura A Brennan, Marianne L Barton, Deborah Fein
The current study compared adaptive and cognitive skills, and autism severity of toddlers with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis under DSM-IV but not DSM-5 criteria (DSM-IV only group) to those who met autism criteria under both diagnostic systems (DSM-5 group) and to those without ASD (non-ASD group). The toddlers in the DSM-IV only group were less delayed on various domains of adaptive (Communication, Socialization) and cognitive (Expressive and Receptive language, Fine Motor, Visual Reception) skills, and had less severe symptoms of ASD than the DSM-5 group...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Holger F Sperdin, Marie Schaer
From the time of birth, a newborn is continuously exposed and naturally attracted to human voices, and as he grows, he becomes increasingly responsive to these speech stimuli, which are strong drivers for his language development and knowledge acquisition about the world. In contrast, young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are often insensitive to human voices, failing to orient and respond to them. Failure to attend to speech in turn results in altered development of language and social-communication skills...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Andrea Coleman, Simona Fiori, Kelly A Weir, Robert S Ware, Roslyn N Boyd
BACKGROUND: MRI shows promise as a prognostic tool for clinical findings such as gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy(CP), however the relationship with communication skills requires exploration. AIMS: To examine the relationship between the type and severity of brain lesion on MRI and communication skills in children with CP. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 131 children with CP (73 males(56%)), mean corrected age(SD) 28(5) months, Gross Motor Functional Classification System distribution: I=57(44%), II=14(11%), III=19(14%), IV=17(13%), V=24(18%)...
November 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Cynthia Foronda, Brigit VanGraafeiland, Robert Quon, Patricia Davidson
BACKGROUND: The handover and transport of critically ill pediatric patients requires communication amongst multiple disciplines. Poor communication is a leading cause of sentinel events and human factors affect handover and transport. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize published data on pediatric handover and transport and identify gaps to provide direction for future investigation. METHODS: Integrative literature review. RESULTS: Forty research studies were reviewed and revealed the following themes: risk for patient complications, standardized communication, and specialized teams and teamwork were associated with improved outcomes...
October 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Samantha Simpson, Anita D'Aprano, Collette Tayler, Siek Toon Khoo, Roxanne Highfold
BACKGROUND: Early detection of developmental problems is important for facilitating access to targeted intervention and maximising its positive effects. The later problems are identified, the more likely that they will become increasingly difficult to ameliorate. Standardised developmental screening tools are known to improve detection rates of developmental problems compared to clinical judgement alone and are widely recommended for use with all children. The Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ-3) is a tool that is widely used in Australia...
August 18, 2016: Early Human Development
Megan Richards, Jana Mossey, Diana L Robins
OBJECTIVE: Data from a toddler screening study were used to examine: (1) categories of concerns regarding the development of their child reported by parents prior to diagnostic evaluation, (2) congruence of parent concerns with their child's later diagnosis, (3) the extent to which parent concern(s) were associated with the therapies their child received and types of specialists consulted, and (4) the association between the number of parental concern categories and clinical measures...
September 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Kristina Bressem, Ute Ziegenhain, Claudia Doelitzsch, Alexandra Hofer, Tanja Besier, Joerg M Fegert, Anne K Kuenster
BACKGROUND: In recent years, a number of government-sponsored initiatives have been implemented in Germany that are focused on early preventive intervention in child protection. In response to the need for interdisciplinary training in this area, the internet-based e-learning program "Early Preventive Intervention and Child Protection" was developed for professionals in the child welfare and health care systems working with families with infants and toddlers. The program is currently undergoing evaluation for effectiveness and user satisfaction...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Josephine Barbaro, Cheryl Dissanayake
Autism spectrum disorder diagnoses in toddlers have been established as accurate and stable across time in high-risk siblings and clinic-referred samples. Few studies have investigated diagnostic stability in children prospective identified in community-based settings. Furthermore, there is a dearth of evidence on the individual behaviours that predict diagnostic change over time. The stability and change of autism spectrum disorder diagnoses were investigated from 24 to 48 months in 77 children drawn from the Social Attention and Communication Study...
July 28, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Shafali S Jeste, Kandice J Varcin, Gerhard S Hellemann, Amanda C Gulsrud, Rujuta Bhatt, Connie Kasari, Joyce Y Wu, Mustafa Sahin, Charles A Nelson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which deficits associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in toddlers with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) overlap with those in toddlers with nonsyndromic ASD (nsASD) and to examine cognitive function and epilepsy severity in toddlers with TSC and comorbid ASD. This is the endpoint analysis from a longitudinal investigation of ASD risk factors in children with TSC. METHODS: Measures included the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), the Mullen Scales of Early Learning, and clinical epilepsy variables...
August 23, 2016: Neurology
Raffaella Devescovi, Lorenzo Monasta, Alice Mancini, Maura Bin, Valerio Vellante, Marco Carrozzi, Costanza Colombi
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis combined with an early intervention program, such as the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM), can positively influence the early natural history of autism spectrum disorders. This study evaluated the effectiveness of an early ESDM-inspired intervention, in a small group of toddlers, delivered at low intensity by the Italian Public Health System. METHODS: Twenty-one toddlers at risk for autism spectrum disorders, aged 20-36 months, received 3 hours/wk of one-to-one ESDM-inspired intervention by trained therapists, combined with parents' and teachers' active engagement in ecological implementation of treatment...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Marta Sadurní Brugué, Marc Pérez Burriel
Babies are born with an innate drive or intrinsic motive formation with which to communicate and share meanings with others and that some authors have called intersubjectivity (S. Bråten & C. Trevarthen, 2007; C. Trevarthen, 1974, 2001). Around the ninth month of life, this motivation changes and passes from a person-to-person dyadic (primary intersubjectivity) to a person-person-object relationship (secondary intersubjectivity). S. Bråten and C. Trevarthen (2007) also proposed a third form or layer of intersubjectivity known as tertiary intersubjectivity...
July 2016: Infant Mental Health Journal
Jan M Nicholson, Warren Cann, Jan Matthews, Donna Berthelsen, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Misel Trajanovska, Shannon K Bennetts, Tessa Hillgrove, Victoria Hamilton, Elizabeth Westrupp, Naomi J Hackworth
BACKGROUND: The quality of the home learning environment has a significant influence on children's language and communication skills during the early years with children from disadvantaged families disproportionately affected. This paper describes the protocol and participant baseline characteristics of a community-based effectiveness study. It evaluates the effects of 'smalltalk', a brief group parenting intervention (with or without home coaching) on the quality of the early childhood home learning environment...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
Yael Hacohen, Sukhvir Wright, Jonathan Gadian, Angela Vincent, Ming Lim, Evangeline Wassmer, Jean-Pierre Lin
Expressive dysphasia and mutism are common clinical features in children and adults with N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antibodies (NMDAR-Ab) encephalitis, and are likely to result from NMDAR hypofunction. A prodromal loss of social and communication skills can typify that of an autistic regression, particularly when presenting under the age of 3 years. Here we describe two toddlers who presented with developmental regression, particularly of their social communication skills, mimicking an autistic regression, who were found to have NMDAR-Ab in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid...
October 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
B Mikic, A Jotic, D Miric, M Nikolic, N Jankovic, N Arsovic
INTRODUCTION: Incidence of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is rising through the years with estimated 1 in 68 in the US in 2014. This incidence is also rising in the population of congenitally deaf children. Favorable outcome after early cochlear implantation is expected due to plasticity and reorganization capacity of brain in infants and toddlers, but outcomes could be significantly modified in children with diagnosed ASD. Current methods of screening for autism have difficulties in establishing diagnosis in children who have both autism and other developmental delays, especially at such an early age...
June 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Lauren Turner-Brown, Kara Hume, Brian A Boyd, Kirsten Kainz
This study examined the effects of an intervention to support parents and promote skill development in newly diagnosed toddlers with ASD. Participants included 50 children with ASD under 3 and their parents who were randomly assigned to participate in a 6-month intervention, Family Implemented TEACCH for Toddlers (FITT) or 6 months of community services as usual. FITT included 90-min in-home sessions (n = 20) and parent group sessions (n = 4). Results revealed significant treatment effects on parent stress and well-being, with families in the FITT group showing decreased stress and improved well-being over time...
May 30, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Grace K M Muhoozi, Prudence Atukunda, Robert Mwadime, Per Ole Iversen, Ane C Westerberg
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition continues to pose challenges to Uganda's children, but there is limited knowledge on its association with physical and intellectual development. OBJECTIVE: In this cross-sectional study, we assessed the nutritional status and milestone development of 6- to 8-month-old children and associated factors in two districts of southwestern Uganda. DESIGN: Five hundred and twelve households with mother-infant (6-8 months) pairs were randomly sampled...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
K Bowen Sandy
Today's pluralistic society is characterized by families from many linguistic and cultural backgrounds, including families with infants and toddlers who are deaf or hard of hearing (d/Dhh). Taking a multicultural perspective, the author examines family-centered early intervention (FCEI) and the transition to school services for children who are d/Dhh. Working with d/Dhh Multilingual Learners (DMLs) and their families presents a unique challenge to early intervention professionals: ensuring that families have adequate information and resources to make informed choices, particularly regarding communication...
2016: American Annals of the Deaf
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