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Scott boden

Laura E Dixon, Alba Farré, E Jean Finnegan, Simon Orford, Simon Griffiths, Scott A Boden
FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) is a central integrator of environmental signals that regulates the timing of vegetative to reproductive transition in flowering plants. In model plants, these environmental signals have been shown to include photoperiod, vernalization and ambient temperature pathways, whilst in crop species the integration of the ambient temperature pathway remains less well understood. In hexaploid wheat, at least 5 FT-like genes have been identified, each with a copy on the A, B and D genomes. Here we report the characterization of FT-B1 through analysis of FT-B1 null and over-expression genotypes under different ambient temperature conditions...
January 4, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
Rich Boden, Kathleen M Scott, Alexander W Rae, Lee P Hutt
The genus Thiomicrorhabdus (Tmr) in the Piskirickettsiaceae in the Thiotrichales of the Gammaproteobacteria contains four species of sulfur-oxidising obligate chemolithoautotroph with validly published names, all previously classified as Thiomicrospira (Tms) species. Here we demonstrate that Thiomicrospira hydrogeniphila, a recently published hydrogen-utilising chemolithoautotroph closely related to Thiomicrorhabdus frisia (type species of Thiomicrorhabdus) should be classified as a member of the genus Thiomicrorhabdus and not Thiomicrospira, as Thiomicrorhabdus hydrogeniphila comb...
October 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Antonio Serrano-Mislata, Stefano Bencivenga, Max Bush, Katharina Schiessl, Scott Boden, Robert Sablowski
DELLA proteins associate with transcription factors to control plant growth in response to gibberellin (1) . Semi-dwarf DELLA mutants with improved harvest index and decreased lodging greatly improved global food security during the 'green revolution' in the 1960-1970s (2) . However, DELLA mutants are pleiotropic and the developmental basis for their effects on plant architecture remains poorly understood. Here, we show that DELLA proteins have genetically separable roles in controlling stem growth and the size of the inflorescence meristem, where flowers initiate...
August 21, 2017: Nature Plants
Rich Boden, Kathleen M Scott, John Williams, Sydney Russel, Kirsten Antonen, Alex W Rae, Lee P Hutt
Thiomicrospira(Tms) species are small sulfur-oxidizing chemolithoautotrophic members of the Gammaproteobacteria. Whilst the type species Tms. pelophila and closely related Tms. thyasirae exhibit canonical spiral morphology under sub-optimal growth conditions, most species are vibrios or rods. The 16S rRNA gene diversity is vast, with identities as low as 91.6 % for Tms. pelophila versus Tms. frisia, for example. Thiomicrospira was examined with closely related genera Hydrogenovibrio and Thioalkalimicrobium and, to rationalize organisms on the basis of the 16S rRNA gene phylogeny, physiology and morphology, we reclassify Tms...
May 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Scott D Boden, Brian T Smith, Matthew Handley
The next phase of health-care reform will accelerate the formation of integrated delivery systems and the creation of value and savings through population health management. Accomplishing this goal requires 3 key factors, including (1) enabling groups of physicians and hospitals to legally work together to cover a broad geographic area, (2) the formation of integrated delivery systems that cover the low to high-acuity and post-acute care spectrums, and (3) identifying mechanisms through which a subspecialty can impact the health of a population of patients...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Scott A Boden
A defining characteristic of grasses, including major cereal crops, is the way in which flowers are arranged on an inflorescence. A new study finds that regulation of hormone levels during development is crucial for determining the arrangement of flowers on a barley inflorescence, opening new doors for increasing grain yield.
December 28, 2016: Nature Genetics
Brett Ford, Weiwei Deng, Jenni Clausen, Sandra Oliver, Scott Boden, Megan Hemming, Ben Trevaskis
An increase in global temperatures will impact future crop yields. In the cereal crops wheat and barley, high temperatures accelerate reproductive development, reducing the number of grains per plant and final grain yield. Despite this relationship between temperature and cereal yield, it is not clear what genes and molecular pathways mediate the developmental response to increased temperatures. The plant circadian clock can respond to changes in temperature and is important for photoperiod-dependent flowering, and so is a potential mechanism controlling temperature responses in cereal crops...
October 2016: Journal of Experimental Botany
Charles S Day, Scott D Boden, Patrick T Knott, Nancy C O'Rourke, Brian W Yang
Growth estimates and demographic shifts of the population of the United States foreshadow a future heightened demand for musculoskeletal care. Although many articles have discussed this growing demand on the musculoskeletal workforce, few address the inevitable need for more musculoskeletal care providers. As we are unable to increase the number of orthopaedic surgeons because of restrictions on graduate medical education slots, physician assistants (PAs) and nurse practitioners (NPs) represent one potential solution to the impending musculoskeletal care supply shortage...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Weiwei Deng, Jenni Clausen, Scott Boden, Sandra N Oliver, M Cristina Casao, Brett Ford, Robert S Anderssen, Ben Trevaskis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: PloS One
Keith H Bridwell, Paul A Anderson, Scott D Boden, Han Jo Kim, Alexander Vaccaro, Jeffrey C Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2015: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Michael B Gottschalk, Ajay Premkumar, Kyle Sweeney, Scott D Boden, John Heller, S Tim Yoon, John M Rhee, Steven K Leckie, Brett Braly, Andrew K Simpson, Eric Lenehan
STUDY DESIGN: Independent retrospective review of prospectively collected data, comparative cohort study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the clinical, radiographical, and cost/value of the addition of an interbody arthrodesis (IBA) to a posterolateral arthrodesis (PLA) in the surgical treatment of L4-L5 degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). The authors hypothesized that the addition of IBA to PLA would produce added value while incurring minimal additional costs...
June 15, 2015: Spine
Weiwei Deng, Jenni Clausen, Scott Boden, Sandra N Oliver, M Cristina Casao, Brett Ford, Robert S Anderssen, Ben Trevaskis
The plant circadian clock is an internal timekeeper that coordinates biological processes with daily changes in the external environment. The transcript levels of clock genes, which oscillate to control circadian outputs, were examined during early seedling development in barley (Hordeum vulgare), a model for temperate cereal crops. Oscillations of clock gene transcript levels do not occur in barley seedlings grown in darkness or constant light but were observed with day-night cycles. A dark-to-light transition influenced transcript levels of some clock genes but triggered only weak oscillations of gene expression, whereas a light-to-dark transition triggered robust oscillations...
2015: PloS One
Paul A Anderson, Scott D Boden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2008: SAS Journal
Todd Boyce, Joseph M Lane, Scott D Boden, Jeffrey C Wang, Celeste Abjornson, Vijay K Goel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2008: SAS Journal
Scott D Boden
Fu MC, Buerba RA, Long WD III, et al. Interrater and intrarater agreements of magnetic resonance imaging findings in the lumbar spine: significant variability across degenerative conditions. Spine J 2014;14:2442-8 (in this issue).
October 1, 2014: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Siri Fjellheim, Scott Boden, Ben Trevaskis
Grasses of the subfamily Pooideae, including important cereal crops and pasture grasses, are widespread in temperate zones. Seasonal regulation of developmental transitions coordinates the life cycles of Pooideae with the passing seasons so that flowering and seed production coincide with favorable conditions in spring. This review examines the molecular pathways that control the seasonal flowering responses of Pooideae and how variation in the activity of genes controlling these pathways can adapt cereals or grasses to different climates and geographical regions...
2014: Frontiers in Plant Science
Matthew Frank Gary, Manjula Viggeswarapu, Colleen Oliver, Mesfin Teklemariam, Sreedhara Sangadala, Louisa Titus, Scott D Boden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: Neurosurgery
Keith H Bridwell, Paul A Anderson, Scott D Boden, Han Jo Kim, Alexander R Vaccaro, Jeffrey C Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2014: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Scott A Boden, David Weiss, John J Ross, Noel W Davies, Ben Trevaskis, Peter M Chandler, Steve M Swain
EARLY FLOWERING3 (ELF3) is a circadian clock gene that contributes to photoperiod-dependent flowering in plants, with loss-of-function mutants in barley (Hordeum vulgare), legumes, and Arabidopsis thaliana flowering early under noninductive short-day (SD) photoperiods. The barley elf3 mutant displays increased expression of FLOWERING LOCUS T1 (FT1); however, it remains unclear whether this is the only factor responsible for the early flowering phenotype. We show that the early flowering and vegetative growth phenotypes of the barley elf3 mutant are strongly dependent on gibberellin (GA) biosynthesis...
April 2014: Plant Cell
Scott F McClellan, James S McGhee, John H Boden, Robert W Davis, Paula E Young, Mark F Torres
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to ascertain the effect of recent U.S. Army Aviation corneal refractive surgery (CRS) policy changes on the size of flight school applicant pools by comparing statistics from the 2004 and 2011 Warrior Forge Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps training camps. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed using the United States Army Aeromedical Activity's Aeromedical Electronic Resource Online database. RESULTS: Of the 607 applicants from 2004, 100 (16%) were disqualified for decreased visual acuity and had refractive errors correctable by CRS...
January 2014: Military Medicine
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