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Anterior cervical discectomy fusion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811988/effect-of-preoperative-anemia-on-the-outcomes-of-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#1
Kevin Phan, Nelson Wang, Jun S Kim, Parth Kothari, Nathan J Lee, Joshua Xu, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: Preoperative anemia has been associated with an increased need for blood transfusions and postoperative complications. The effects of anemia on the outcomes of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) have not been explored. The present study aimed to evaluate the association between preoperative anemia and 30-day complications following ACDF surgery. METHODS: Data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (2005-2012) was used...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811986/elderly-age-as-a-risk-factor-for-30-day-postoperative-outcomes-following-elective-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#2
John Di Capua, Sulaiman Somani, Jun S Kim, Kevin Phan, Nathan J Lee, Parth Kothari, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is one of the most commonly performed spinal procedures. Considering the high success and low complications rate of ACDF and high prevalence of age-related degeneration of the cervical spine, the rates of ACDF are expected to continually rise. The objective is to identify the association between patient age and 30-day postoperative outcomes following elective ACDF...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811984/acdf-graft-selection-by-surgeons-survey-of-aospine-members
#3
S Tim Yoon, Jeffrey A Konopka, Jeffrey C Wang, Jim A Youssef, Hans Joerg Meisel, Darrel S Brodke, Jong-Beom Park
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study. OBJECTIVE: To determine what are the most commonly used graft materials in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion and whether the choice of graft is affected by surgeon's training, years in practice, geographic location, practice setting, or surgeon's perceived difficulty in achieving fusion. METHODS: A 23-question survey was sent out to 5334 surgeons using the Global AO Spine database. Response data was then stratified into surgeon training, years of practice, practice type, and global region...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811982/a-matched-cohort-analysis-comparing-stand-alone-cages-and-anterior-cervical-plates-used-for-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#4
Samuel C Overley, Robert K Merrill, Dante M Leven, Joshua J Meaike, Abhishek Kumar, Sheeraz A Qureshi
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To compare perioperative characteristics of stand-alone cages and anterior cervical plates used for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). METHODS: We reviewed 40 adult patients who received a stand-alone cage for elective ACDF and matched them with 40 patients who received an anterior cervical plate. We statistically compared operative time, length of stay, proportion of ambulatory cases, overall complications necessitating a trip to the ED, readmission, or reoperation related to index procedure...
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781915/cervical-artificial-disc-extrusion-after-a-paragliding-accident
#5
Tianyi Niu, Haydn Hoffman, Daniel C Lu
BACKGROUND: Cervical total disc replacement (TDR) is an established alternative to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with excellent long-term outcomes and low failure rates. Cases of implant failure and migration are scarce and primarily limited to several years postoperatively. The authors report a case of anterior extrusion of a C4-C5 ProDisc-C (DePuy Synthes, West Chester, PA, USA) cervical artificial disc (CAD) 14 months after placement due to minor trauma. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 33-year-old female who had undergone C4-C5 CAD implantation presented with neck pain and spasm after experiencing a paragliding accident...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781913/nursing-review-section-of-surgical-neurology-international-evaluation-of-cervical-disc-disease-and-when-surgery-is-warranted
#6
REVIEW
Nancy E Epstein, Renee D Hollingsworth
BACKGROUND: Patients with cervical disc disease may present with radiculopathy (root compression), myelopathy (cord compression), or myeloradiculopathy. These complaints must be correlated with x-ray, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and computed tomographic (CT) scans. Although most patients can be managed nonsurgically, those with significant neurological deficits and larger disc herniations may require surgery. METHODS: The symptoms of cervical radiculopathy include pain radiating down one or both arms, while myelopathy may result in more diffuse numbness tingling or weakness in the upper and/or lower extremities...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765798/bilateral-c5-motor-palsy-after-anterior-cervical-decompression-and-fusion-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Steven M Andelman, Steven J McAnany, Sheeraz A Qureshi, Andrew C Hecht
BACKGROUND: Bilateral C5 motor palsy is a rare but potentially debilitating complication after cervical spine decompression with very few reports in the published literature. PURPOSE: To present a case of bilateral C5 motor palsy after anterior cervical decompression and fusion and discuss the incidence and risk factors of this complication. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: We report a case of a 57-year-old male who underwent a three level C3-C6 anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with instrumentation who developed a postoperative bilateral C5 motor palsy...
2017: International Journal of Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765797/radiographic-analysis-of-cervical-and-spinal-alignment-in-multilevel-acdf-with-lordotic-interbody-device
#8
Yoshihiro Katsuura, Alex Lemons, Eileen Lorenz, Rachel Swafford, James Osborn, Garrick Cason
BACKGROUND: Restoration and maintenance of cervical lordosis is an important clinical parameter in spine surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which a multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF: greater than 3 levels) procedure restores cervical lordosis and the affect of increasing lordosis on sagittal vertical axis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective radiographic analysis of 69 patients who underwent multilevel ACDF by 2 surgeons between 2013 and 2014...
2017: International Journal of Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765795/inpatient-versus-outpatient-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-a-perioperative-complication-analysis-of-259-414-patients-from-the-healthcare-cost-and-utilization-project-databases
#9
Shearwood McClelland Iii, Peter G Passias, Thomas J Errico, R Shay Bess, Themistocles S Protopsaltis
BACKGROUND: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is one of the most common operations utilized to address pathology of the cervical spine. Few reports have attempted to compare complications associated with inpatient versus outpatient ACDF. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2001-2012 and the State Ambulatory Services Database (SASD) for New Jersey (NJ) from 2003-2012 were used for analysis. Patients receiving ACDF (defined as anterior cervical fusion (ICD-0 code=81...
2017: International Journal of Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745533/anterior-discectomy-could-still-be-an-alternative-to-corpectomy-in-highly-migrated-cervical-disc-herniation
#10
Yu Wang, Yunfan Qian, Jing Wang, Minyu Zhu, Jianhong Wang, Honglin Teng
OBJECTIVE: For cases of cervical disc herniation, highly migrated cervical disc (HMCD) is clinically rare and usually treated with anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF). This study aims to analyze the feasibility of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) for the patients with HMCD. METHOD: Clinical data of 32 patients with HMCD treated with ACDF or ACCF were retrospectively reviewed. Migration distances of the disc prolapses were measured. The mJOA score was used to evaluate surgical effect...
July 26, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742760/a-randomized-trial-comparing-clinical-outcomes-between-zero-profile-and-traditional-multi-level-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-surgery-for-cervical-myelopathy
#11
Shenghua He, Hualong Feng, Zhiming Lan, Lai Juyi, Zhitao Sun, Yeguang Wang, Jian Wang, Zhiqiang Ren, Feiqiang Huang, Fuguang Xu
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized study from a single center OBJECTIVE.: The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes between a zero-profile (ZP) anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) construct to a traditional ACDF with anterior plate (ACP) in the treatment of multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Multi-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy can be treated by a variety of techniques, most commonly with corpectomy, ACDF, posterior cervical fusion or a combination of the three...
July 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736113/titanium-vs-polyetheretherketone-peek-interbody-fusion-meta-analysis-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Scott Seaman, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Mohamad Bydon, James C Torner, Patrick W Hitchon
Spinal interbody fusion is a standard and accepted method for spinal fusion. Interbody fusion devices include titanium (Ti) and polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages with distinct biomechanical properties. Titanium and PEEK cages have been evaluated in the cervical and lumbar spine, with conflicting results in bony fusion and subsidence. Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we reviewed the available literature evaluating Ti and PEEK cages to assess subsidence and fusion rates...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733720/low-energy-chronic-traumatic-spondylolisthesis-of-the-axis
#13
Conor J Dunn, Samuel Mease, Kimona Issa, Kumar Sinha, Arash Emami
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to present a unique case of a patient who presented to our Emergency Department with evidence of a chronic traumatic spondylolisthesis of the axis with severe displacement treated with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) of C2-C3 as well as and posterior cervical fusion (PCF) of C1-C3. METHODS: One patient with an untreated traumatic spondylolisthesis of the axis with Levine type II injury pattern and 1.2 cm of anterior subluxation underwent ACDF C2-C3 and PCF C1-C3...
July 21, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731913/response-to-the-letter-predictors-for-airway-complications-following-single-or-multilevel-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#14
Seokchun Lim, Kartik Kesavabhotla, George R Cybulski, Nader Dahdaleh, Zachary A Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723875/answer-to-the-letter-preoperative-radiographic-parameters-to-predict-a-higher-pseudarthrosis-rate-following-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#15
Sung Hoon Choi, Jae Hwan Cho, Chang Ju Hwang, Choon Sung Lee, Hyun Wook Gwak, Dong-Ho Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723874/letter-to-preoperative-radiographic-parameters-to-predict-a-higher-pseudarthrosis-rate-following-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#16
Qiunan Lyu, Xi Yang, ChunGuang Zhou, Yueming Song
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720987/management-of-post-traumatic-neglected-cervical-facet-dislocation
#17
Vinay Prabhat, Tankeshwar Boruah, Hitesh Lal, Ramesh Kumar, Ashish Dagar, Harekrushna Sahu
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic unilateral or bilateral sub-axial cervical spine dislocations with locked facets are quite common. In developing countries like India, many patients with cervical injuries report late due to many reasons like rural backgrounds, lack of infrastructures and skilled surgeons, unawareness, poor socioeconomic status, lack of transportation to the specialized center with proper facility, etc. Early management is essential to maximize better neurological outcome. Delayed or neglected presentation makes treatment more challenging...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719454/the-difference-in-clinical-outcomes-after-anterior-cervical-fusion-disk-replacement-and-foraminotomy-in-professional-athletes
#18
Harry T Mai, Danielle S Chun, Andrew D Schneider, Andrew C Hecht, Joseph C Maroon, Wellington K Hsu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. OBJECT: To compare postoperative outcomes of professional athletes treated for cervical disk herniation after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and posterior foraminotomy (PF), or total disk replacement (TDR). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ACDF, PF, and TDR have all led to excellent outcomes in the general population but the unique demands in the professional athlete necessitate specific study...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716569/recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-versus-iliac-crest-bone-graft-in-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-dysphagia-and-dysphonia-rates-in-the-early-postoperative-period-with-review-of-the-literature
#19
Brett D Riederman, Bennet A Butler, Cort D Lawton, Brett D Rosenthal, Earvin S Balderama, Avi J Bernstein
Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is a growth factor utilized to stimulate bone development in several clinical scenarios. Although the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved this therapeutic modality for only two applications, it is frequently used off-label in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) procedures as an alternative to iliac crest bone graft (ICBG), the prior standard of care. This usage has been a source of controversy in the medical community due to evidence of increased rates of postoperative edema and dysphagia...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707858/should-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-be-performed-on-a-parkinson-s-patient
#20
Tarek R Mansour, Luke Mugge, Layth Dahbour, Sally Itawi, Yacine Medhkour, Azedine Medhkour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
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