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Anterior cervical discectomy fusion

Dong Kwang Seo, Moon Kyu Kim, Soo Jung Choi, Jun Young Sohn, Young Ki Kim, Eui Kyun Jeong, Jung-Ki Ha, Chung Hwan Kim, Jin Hoon Park
STUDY DESIGN: This is a case series of device failure patients. OBJECTIVE: To identify poor candidates for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) using an anchored cage. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: An anchored cage has been used as an alternative implant for ACDF surgery because of ease of use, relatively acceptable fusion rate, and lower risk of plate-related complications, including dysphagia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of 36 patients who underwent ACDF using an anchored cage between January 2012 and December 2013...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Ioannis D Siasios, Vassilios G Dimopoulos, Kostas N Fountas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: J Spine Surg
Kingsley R Chin, Fabio J R Pencle, Jason A Seale, Franz K Pencle
STUDY DESIGN: A single-center, retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and outcomes of total disc replacement (TDR) as an outpatient procedure in the ambulatory surgery center (ASC). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) has been demonstrated to be safe in the outpatient setting. As the awareness of same day surgery procedures is on the rise due to better outcome and shorter recovery time...
October 17, 2016: Spine
Peter C Gerszten, Erin Paschel, Hazem Mashaly, Hatem Sabry, Hasan Jalalod'din, Khaled Saoud
BACKGROUND: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a well-accepted treatment option for patients with cervical spine disease. Three- and four-level discectomies are known to be associated with a higher complication rate and lower fusion rate than single-level surgery. This study was performed to evaluate and compare zero-profile fixation and stand-alone PEEK cages for three- and four-level ACDF. METHODS: Two cohorts of patients who underwent ACDF for the treatment of three- and four-level disease were compared...
September 10, 2016: Curēus
Shota Takenaka, Yukitaka Nagamoto, Hiroyuki Aono, Takashi Kaito, Noboru Hosono
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The time of onset of postoperative upper limb palsy (ULP), also referred to as C5 palsy, varies among patients. Although some studies addressed the relationship between the time of onset of ULP and potential etiologies, no meta-analysis has been conducted regarding the association between the time of onset of ULP and other factors such as surgical procedure type and treated diseases. PURPOSE: To elucidate differences in the time of onset of ULP among spinal surgical procedures and treated diseases to understand its etiology...
October 7, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Raj D Rao, Donald R Gore, Shu-Jie Tang, Brandon J Rebholz, Narayan Yoganandan, Mei Wang
BACKGROUND: Adjacent segment degeneration frequently develops following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. The objectives of the present study were to characterize the long-term evolution of degenerative radiographic changes at segments adjacent to anterior cervical fusion and to identify factors associated with the development of these changes, including the preoperative condition of the cervical spine and parameters related to arthrodeses. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-six patients who underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for symptomatic cervical spondylosis or disc herniation were followed radiographically for a mean time of 12...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Christian Fisahn, Marc D Moisi, Shiveindra Jeyamohan, Mary Wingerson, R Shane Tubbs, Charles Cobbs, Rod J Oskouian, Jens R Chapman
INTRODUCTION: Misdiagnosis of Brown-Séquard-like presentations can delay treatment; potentially endangering the positive outcomes a patient might otherwise have had. Stroke mimics can be perceived as signaling the end of urgent investigation and care once stroke is ruled out; however, stroke mimics themselves can require prompt care. Herein, we discuss an extremely rare case where stroke was ruled out, resulting in a lapse in care that lead to an exacerbated hemiparesis over the following week...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
G B Mahadewa Tjokorda, Golden Nyoman, Maliawan Sri, Mizuno Junichi
This report presents two cases of cervicobrachialgia and radiculopathy due to multiple cervical herniated discs and spur formation that dealt with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) using different titanium interbody cages. The description of the clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearances and management strategy are discussed. Both cases showed chronic neck pain and radiating pain from the shoulder to the arm. They had a history of blurry vision, cluster head ache, weakness, and numbness on the shoulder for 2 years...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Shun-Li Kan, Zhi-Fang Yuan, Guang-Zhi Ning, Fei-Fei Liu, Jing-Cheng Sun, Shi-Qing Feng
OBJECTIVE: Cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) has been designed as a substitute for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in the treatment of symptomatic cervical disc disease (CDD). Several researchers have compared CDA with ACDF for the treatment of symptomatic CDD; however, the findings of these studies are inconclusive. Using recently published evidence, this meta-analysis was conducted to further verify the benefits and harms of using CDA for treatment of symptomatic CDD. METHODS: Relevant trials were identified by searching the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases...
October 2, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Benjamin C Mayo, Dustin H Massel, Daniel D Bohl, Ankur S Narain, Fady Y Hijji, William W Long, Krishna D Modi, Bryce A Basques, Alem Yacob, Kern Singh
OBJECTIVE Prior studies have correlated preoperative depression and poor mental health status with inferior patient-reported outcomes following lumbar spinal procedures. However, literature regarding the effect of mental health on outcomes following cervical spinal surgery is limited. As such, the purpose of this study is to test for the association of preoperative SF-12 Mental Component Summary (MCS) scores with improvements in Neck Disability Index (NDI), SF-12 Physical Component Summary (PCS), and neck and arm pain following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF)...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Tae Hyun Kim, Yoon Ha, Jun Jae Shin, Yong Eun Cho, Ji Hae Lee, Woo Ho Cho
Patients with intramedullary signal intensity (SI) changes have a poor prognosis after surgical decompression in cervical compressive myelopathy (CCM); however, some patients show no clear relationship between the SI and postsurgical prognosis. This discrepancy may be because no comprehensive and proper quantitative evaluation exists to assess SI on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The purpose of this study was prospectively to evaluate the correlation between the clinical features, neurological outcome of patients with CCM, and the quantitative assessment of SI changes preoperatively and postoperatively, and the correlation with SI severity...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Güliz Acker, Ulf C Schneider, Zarko Grozdanovic, Peter Vajkoczy, Johannes Woitzik
BACKGROUND: Disc herniations are only reported in few case reports as a rare cause of acute spinal ischemia. A surgical treatment has not been described so far in these reports with analysis of diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI/MRI) before and after surgery. The aim of our study is to report a case of cervical spinal cord ischemia caused by cervical disc herniation and discuss the literature concerning diagnostic and treatment options. METHODS: A 72-year-old female patient developed an acute progressive tetraparesis with emphasis on the upper extremities...
June 2016: J Spine Surg
Monish M Maharaj, Kevin Phan, Ralph J Mobbs
BACKGROUND: Patient dissatisfaction with donor site morbidity has led to the search for alternative grafting options and techniques. This report compares patient satisfaction rates between autograft and graft substitutes for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). METHODS: This study was performed with the approval of the local area health network ethics committee. Over a 9-year period, the author performed 574 ACDF procedures (697 levels). Of these, 22 patients had previous surgery with autograft, with a subsequent ACDF procedure performed using a graft substitute...
June 2016: J Spine Surg
Owoicho Adogwa, Aladine Elsamadicy, Elizabeth Reiser, Cole Ziegler, Kyle Freischlag, Joseph Cheng, Carlos A Bagley
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study was to assess and compare the complications profile as well as long-term clinical outcomes between patients undergoing an Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF) procedure with and without the use of an intra-operative microscope. METHODS: One hundred and forty adult patients (non-microscope cohort: 81; microscope cohort: 59) undergoing ACDF at a major academic medical center were included in this study. Enrollment criteria included available demographic, surgical and clinical outcome data...
March 2016: J Spine Surg
Monish M Maharaj, Ralph J Mobbs, Jarred Hogan, Dong Fang Zhao, Prashanth J Rao, Kevin Phan
BACKGROUND: Surgical approaches are usually required in cases of severe cervical disc disease. The traditional method of anterior cervical disc fusion (ACDF) has been associated with reduced local mobility and increased occurrence of adjacent segment disease. The newer method of anterior cervical disc arthroplasty (ACDA) relies upon artificial discs of various products. Current literature is inconsistent in the comparative performance of these methods with regards to clinical, radiological and patient outcomes...
December 2015: J Spine Surg
Xiaoxiao Zhou, Pan Cai, Yuwei Li, Haijiao Wang, Shengli Xia, Xiuhui Wang
STUDY DESIGN: A single-center, retrospective, longitudinal matched cohort clinical study of prospectively collected outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare retrospectively the clinical outcomes and complications of the posterior approach laminoplasty and single-stage anterior approach laminoplasty combined with anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for treating patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy coincident multilevel anterior and posterior compression, known as complex cervical spondylotic myelopathy (cCSM) here...
September 27, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Victor M Lu, Lucy Zhang, Daniel B Scherman, Prashanth J Rao, Ralph J Mobbs, Kevin Phan
PURPOSE: The traditional surgical approach to treat multi-level cervical disc disease (mCDD) has been anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). There has been recent development of other surgical approaches to further improve clinical outcomes. Collectively, when elements of these different approaches are combined in surgery, it is known as hybrid surgery (HS) which remains a novel treatment option. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to compare the outcomes of HS versus ACDF for the treatment of mCDD...
September 27, 2016: European Spine Journal
Dong-Ju Yun, Sang-Jin Lee, Sang-Joon Park, Hyeong Seok Oh, Young Jae Lee, Hyun Min Oh, Sang-Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: A new zero-profile, standalone device (Zero P) was recently developed and has shown a lower incidence rate of complications and competitive clinical outcomes compared to CP in single and multi-level ACDF. However, there is still concern whether Zero P is appropriate for multi-level ACDF. In addition, there have been few reports of contiguous two-level ACDF used in conjunction with Zero P. METHODS: We reviewed contiguous two-level ACDF performed from December 2006 to February 2015...
September 23, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Seokchun Lim, Louanne M Carabini, Robert D Kim, Ryan Khanna, Nader S Dahdaleh, Zachary A Smith
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Higher ASA classification is a known predictor of postoperative complication in diverse surgical settings. However, its predictive value is not established in single-level elective anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (SLE-ACDF). PURPOSE: To evaluate the predictive value of American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) classification system on 30-day morbidity following SLE-ACDF STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Patients who underwent SLE-ACDF between 2011-2013 were selected from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database...
September 23, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Zhonghai Li, Huadong Wang, Jiaguang Tang, Dongfeng Ren, Li Li, Shuxun Hou, Hailong Zhang, Tiesheng Hou
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical series. OBJECTIVE: To compare perioperative parameters, clinical outcomes, radiographic parameters, and complication rates of 3 reconstructive techniques after the anterior decompression of 4-level CSM. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: At present, the decision to treat multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) especially 4-level CSM remains controversial. No one compares multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (mACDF), segmental anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (sACCF) to multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with cage alone (mACDF-CA) in 4-level constructs...
September 23, 2016: Spine
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