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Bowlby Attachment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172238/women-who-had-positive-relationships-with-their-own-mothers-reported-good-attachments-to-their-first-child-before-and-after-birth
#1
Franca Tani, Valeria Castagna, Lucia Ponti
AIM: Bowlby's attachment intergenerational transmission theory suggests that a woman's attachment to her parents, particularly her mother, plays an important role in her future parenting. We studied whether there was any association between pregnant women's attachment to their baby before and after birth and their relationships with their mothers. METHODS: A longitudinal study was carried out in 2015 on 201 first-time mothers recruited in the maternity ward of the level two Misericordia e Dolce Hospital in Prato, Italy...
November 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164552/-the-application-of-grief-theories-to-bereaved-family-members
#2
Lee-Jen Suen Wu, Chuan-Chiang Chou, Yen-Chun Lin
Loss is an inevitable experience for humans for which grief is a natural response. Nurses must have an adequate understanding of grief and bereavement in order to be more sensitive to these painful emotions and to provide appropriate care to families who have lost someone they love deeply. This article introduces four important grief theories: Freud's grief theory, Bowlby's attachment theory, Stroebe and Schuts' dual process model, and Neiyemer's meaning reconstruction model. Freud's grief theory holds that the process of grief adaptation involves a bereaved family adopting alternative ways to connect with the death of a loved one and to restore their self-ego...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024847/how-children-remember-the-strange-situation-the-role-of-attachment
#3
Yoojin Chae, Miranda Goodman, Gail S Goodman, Natalie Troxel, Kelly McWilliams, Ross A Thompson, Phillip R Shaver, Keith F Widaman
This study tested predictions from Bowlby's attachment theory about children's memory and suggestibility. Young children (3-5years old, N=88; 76% Caucasians) and their parents took part in the Strange Situation Procedure, a moderately distressing event and "gold standard" for assessing children's attachment quality. The children were then interviewed about what occurred during the event. Children's age and attachment security scores positively predicted correct information in free recall and accuracy in answering specific questions...
February 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961319/associations-of-attachment-orientation-with-early-generative-concern-across-adolescence
#4
Heather L Lawford, Anna-Beth Doyle, Dorothy Markiewicz
OBJECTIVE: Researchers have begun to find evidence that generativity, defined as concern for future generations as a legacy of the self, has relevance prior to midlife. Examination of predictors of generativity in adolescence contributes to an overall model of positive development in youth. Bowlby's theory of attachment, a well-established framework for understanding close relationships, was applied in this study of how adolescents' approach to close relationships predicts early generativity...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952412/disorganized-attachment-and-defense-exploring-john-bowlby-s-unpublished-reflections
#5
Samantha Reisz, Robbie Duschinsky, Daniel J Siegel
Main and Solomon were the first to create a formal infant Strange Situation classification of attachment disorganization. Bowlby's reflections on the underlying psychological processes of such behaviors, however, began early in his career, including the term "disorganization." Most of these remained unpublished but are available through the John Bowlby Archive. Bowlby saw affective experiences as the source of the attachment behavioral system's organization and regulation, and he introduced the term "effector equipment" to describe the emergent organization of attention, expectation, affect, and behavior to orchestrate responses to the environment...
September 27, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944045/child-psychiatry-a-scientometric-analysis-1980-2016
#6
Sadiq Naveed, Ahmed Waqas, Salman Majeed, Muhammad Zeshan, Nusrat Jahan, Muhammad Haaris Sheikh
Background: The field of child and adolescent psychiatry lags behind adult psychiatry significantly. In recent years, it has witnessed a significant increase in the publication of journals and articles. This study provides a detailed bibliometric analysis of articles published from 1980 to 2016, in the top seven journals of child and adolescent psychiatry. Methods: Using the Web of Science core collection, we selected 9,719 research papers published in seven psychiatric journals from 1980 to 2016. We utilized the Web of Science Analytics tool and Network Analysis Interface for Literature Studies (NAILS) Project scripts to delineate the general trends of publication in these journals...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936187/parent-child-discrepancy-on-children-s-body-weight-perception-the-role-of-attachment-security
#7
Arcangelo Uccula, Gianfranco Nuvoli
The discrepancies between parents and their children on the description of the behavior and representations of their children have been shown in various studies. Other researchers have reported the parents' difficulty in correctly identifying the weight status of their children. The purpose of our study was to investigate the parent's attributional accuracy on their children's body weight perception in relation to the children attachment security. It was hypothesized that insecure children's parents have a greater discrepancy with their children compared to secure children with their parents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791871/toward-an-architecture-of-attachment-disorganization-john-bowlby-s-published-and-unpublished-reflections
#8
Judith Solomon, Robbie Duschinsky, Lianne Bakkum, Carlo Schuengel
This article examines the construct of disorganized attachment originally proposed by Main and Solomon, developing some new conjectures based on inspiration from a largely unknown source: John Bowlby's unpublished texts, housed at the Wellcome Trust Library Archive in London (with permission from the Bowlby family). We explore Bowlby's discussions of disorganized attachment, which he understood from the perspective of ethological theories of conflict behavior. Bowlby's reflections regarding differences among the behaviors used to code disorganized attachment will be used to explore distinctions that may underlie the structure of the current coding system...
October 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693403/gifts-from-mary-ainsworth-and-john-bowlby
#9
Patricia M Crittenden
Attachment theory has developed over many decades - and continues to develop. Its roots lie in several seminal publications of John Bowlby (the basis of attachment theory) and Mary D. S. Ainsworth (the notion of individual differences in attachment). This paper identifies the prescient contributions of these early publications and two processes (a long-term dialogue and reflection on discrepancy) that underlay emergent theory. Because I was a student of Ainsworth when both attachment theory and individual differences in attachment organization were becoming better known, I offer some of my recollections of that period, suggesting how that period may have affected current work in attachment...
July 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460149/the-parented-outline-for-observing-hospitalized-pediatric-patients-and-their-families
#10
Amy L Tremain
The PARENTED outline (a mnemonic device) and the companion Parenting Landscape handout are proposed tools for clinical use that were developed as an outgrowth of clinical experience with hospitalized pediatric mental health patients and their families in combination with family systems theories of Minuchin and Bowen, Ainsworth and Bowlby's attachment theory, and Erikson's stages of development. The tools contain eight categories of observable, typical family interactions that a nurse on an inpatient mental health unit may encounter...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922177/before-attachment-theory-separation-research-at-the-tavistock-clinic-1948-1956
#11
Bican Polat
This article traces the formation of attachment theory to the pioneering research program of Bowlby and his colleagues at the Tavistock Clinic between 1948 and 1956. Through a discussion of the concepts and practices that informed Bowlby's program, I examine the efforts of his team to reconstruct psychoanalytic objects according to preventive objectives and operational criteria. I discuss how the exploratory techniques that Bowlby and his colleagues were developing during these years ultimately led to the establishment of a hybrid investigative framework, in which the prophylactic requirements of mental hygiene, the psychometric model of personality disturbances, the psychoanalytic theory of object relations, and a direct-observational methodology were brought to bear on the problem of the psychological consequences of early separation experiences...
January 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803683/the-attachment-doll-play-assessment-predictive-validity-with-concurrent-mother-child-interaction-and-maternal-caregiving-representations
#12
Carol George, Judith Solomon
Attachment is central to the development of children's regulatory processes. It has been associated with developmental and psychiatric health across the life span, especially emotional and behavioral regulation of negative affect when stressed (Schore, 2001; Schore and Schore, 2008). Assessment of attachment patterns provides a critical frame for understanding emerging developmental competencies and formulating treatment and intervention. Play-based attachment assessments provide access to representational models of attachment, which are regarded in attachment theory as the central organizing mechanisms associated with stability or change (Bowlby, 1969/1982; Bretherton and Munholland, 2008)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623125/-interpersonal-therapy-ipt-in-child-psychiatry-and-adolescent
#13
REVIEW
B Lavigne, E Audebert-Mérilhou, G Buisson, F Kochman, J P Clément, B Olliac
INTRODUCTION: Depression disorder may become the first cause of morbidity by 2030, according to the World Health Organization. It is actually one of the main causes of disease and handicap in children aged from 10 to 19. The major risk is suicide, whose prevalence is estimated, in France, around 6.7 for 100,000, which is probably underestimated. At present, the discussions about prescription of antidepressants in an adolescent's depression remain intense which is why psychotherapy becomes the first choice of treatment...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603938/perceived-benefits-and-costs-of-romantic-relationships-for-young-people-differences-by-adult-attachment-style
#14
Adelaida Monteoliva, J Miguel A García-Martínez, Antonia Calvo-Salguero
Bowlby's attachment theory suggested that the attachment experiences of early childhood influence adult approaches to close relationships. As a result of these experiences, the child develops typical mental schemas or internal working models. The aim of this study was to analyze how young people with different attachment styles perceive the benefits and costs involved in spending as much time as possible with their partner, and to determine whether their beliefs reflect the internal working models associated with their attachment style...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431343/-mentalization-based-treatment-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#15
C De Oliveira, H Rahioui, M Smadja, M A Gorsane, F Louppe
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND: The borderline personality disorder is a complex psychiatric disorder that represents a high number of patients in a psychiatric adult service. Even if some therapies have shown to be effective in the therapeutic care of the borderline personality disorder they only target certain symptoms (e.g. anxiety, sadness, self-mutilation). The aim of this paper is to introduce a therapeutic model little known in France: the mentalization based therapy (MBT) developed in 2004 by Bateman and Fonagy...
August 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110049/the-politics-of-attachment-lines-of-flight-with-bowlby-deleuze-and-guattari
#16
Robbie Duschinsky, Monica Greco, Judith Solomon
Research on attachment is widely regarded in sociology and feminist scholarship as politically conservative - oriented by a concern to police families, pathologize mothers and emphasize psychological at the expense of socio-economic factors. These critiques have presented attachment theory as constructing biological imperatives to naturalize contingent, social demands. We propose that a more effective critique of the politically conservative uses of attachment theory is offered by engaging with the 'attachment system' at the level of ontology...
December 2015: Theory, Culture & Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981145/link-of-dysfunctional-attitudes-with-the-negative-self-model
#17
Koichi Otani, Akihito Suzuki, Yoshihiko Matsumoto, Masanori Enokido
BACKGROUND: Beck's cognitive theory postulates that dysfunctional attitudes predisposing to depression are formed by early negative experiences. Meanwhile, Bowlby's attachment theory contends that distorted working models built through insecure attachment relationships lead to various psychopathologies such as depression. The present study examined the correlations of dysfunctional attitudes about achievement, dependency, and self-control with working models of the self and other, and tried to promote understanding of those dysfunctional attitudes from an attachment perspective...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26844649/from-secure-dependency-to-attachment-mary-ainsworth-s-integration-of-blatz-s-security-theory-into-bowlby-s-attachment-theory
#18
Lenny van Rosmalen, Frank C P van der Horst, René van der Veer
John Bowlby is generally regarded as the founder of attachment theory, with the help of Mary Ainsworth. Through her Uganda and Baltimore studies Ainsworth provided empirical evidence for attachment theory, and she contributed the notion of the secure base and exploratory behavior, the Strange Situation Procedure and its classification system, and the notion of maternal sensitivity. On closer scrutiny, many of these contributions appear to be heavily influenced by William Blatz and his security theory. Even though Blatz's influence on Ainsworth has been generally acknowledged, this article, partly based on understudied correspondence from several personal archives, is the first to show which specific parts of attachment theory can be traced back directly to Blatz and his security theory...
February 2016: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26732747/the-quest-for-connection-in-interpersonal-and-therapeutic-relationships
#19
Hadas Wiseman
OBJECTIVE: This paper focuses on the need for connection as a common core theme at the heart of both close relationships and therapeutic relationships and explores ways to connect these two research domains that have evolved as separate fields of study. Bowlby's attachment theory provides a strong conceptual and empirical base for linking human bonds and bonds in psychotherapy. METHOD: The growing body of research intersecting attachment and psychotherapy (1980-2014) is documented, and meta-analytic studies on attachment-outcome and attachment-alliance links are highlighted...
January 6, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26511209/clinical-supervision-and-nursing-students-professional-competence-support-seeking-behaviour-and-the-attachment-styles-of-students-and-mentors
#20
Zahava Moked, Anat Drach-Zahavy
AIMS: To examine whether the interdependent attachment style of students is positively related to their support-seeking behaviour during supervision and whether their over-dependent and counter-dependent attachment styles are negatively related to it. Second, to determine whether the mentors' attachment styles moderate the relationship between the students' support-seeking behaviours and their professional competence, such that this relationship is stronger when supervisors are characterized by higher independent attachment style...
February 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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