keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Separation Anxiety

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651058/is-disgust-proneness-associated-with-anxiety-and-related-disorders-a-qualitative-review-and-meta-analysis-of-group-comparison-and-correlational-studies
#1
Bunmi O Olatunji, Thomas Armstrong, Lisa Elwood
Research suggests that disgust may be linked to the etiology of some anxiety-related disorders. The present investigation reviews this literature and employs separate meta-analyses of clinical group comparison and correlational studies to examine the association between disgust proneness and anxiety-related disorder symptoms. Meta-analysis of 43 group comparison studies revealed those high in anxiety disorder symptoms reported significantly more disgust proneness than those low in anxiety symptoms. Although this effect was not moderated by clinical versus analogue studies or type of disorder, larger group differences were observed for those high in anxiety symptoms associated with contagion concerns compared to those high in anxiety symptoms not associated with contagion concerns...
June 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650923/the-effect-of-false-positive-mammograms-on-antidepressant-and-anxiolytic-initiation
#2
Joel E Segel, Rajesh Balkrishnan, Richard A Hirth
BACKGROUND: Despite reported increases in anxiety following a false-positive mammogram, there is little evidence the effect rises to the clinical level of initiating medication. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of a false-positive mammogram on antidepressant or anxiolytic initiation and identify subpopulations most at risk. SUBJECTS: MarketScan commercial and Medicaid claims databases used to identify women ages 40-64 undergoing screening mammography with no prior antidepressant or anxiolytic claims...
June 23, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650222/understanding-nomophobia-structural-equation-modeling-and-semantic-network-analysis-of-smartphone-separation-anxiety
#3
Seunghee Han, Ki Joon Kim, Jang Hyun Kim
This study explicates nomophobia by developing a research model that identifies several determinants of smartphone separation anxiety and by conducting semantic network analyses on smartphone users' verbal descriptions of the meaning of their smartphones. Structural equation modeling of the proposed model indicates that personal memories evoked by smartphones encourage users to extend their identity onto their devices. When users perceive smartphones as their extended selves, they are more likely to get attached to the devices, which, in turn, leads to nomophobia by heightening the phone proximity-seeking tendency...
June 26, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648820/selective-erasure-of-distinct-forms-of-long-term-synaptic-plasticity-underlying-different-forms-of-memory-in-the-same-postsynaptic-neuron
#4
Jiangyuan Hu, Larissa Ferguson, Kerry Adler, Carole A Farah, Margaret H Hastings, Wayne S Sossin, Samuel Schacher
Generalization of fear responses to non-threatening stimuli is a feature of anxiety disorders. It has been challenging to target maladaptive generalized memories without affecting adaptive memories. Synapse-specific long-term plasticity underlying memory involves the targeting of plasticity-related proteins (PRPs) to activated synapses. If distinct tags and PRPs are used for different forms of plasticity, one could selectively remove distinct forms of memory. Using a stimulation paradigm in which associative long-term facilitation (LTF) occurs at one input and non-associative LTF at another input to the same postsynaptic neuron in an Aplysia sensorimotor preparation, we found that each form of LTF is reversed by inhibiting distinct isoforms of protein kinase M (PKM), putative PRPs, in the postsynaptic neuron...
June 12, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647305/impact-of-asthma-on-the-sexual-functioning-of-patients-a-case-control-study
#5
José Gregorio Soto Campos, Josefa Rojas Villegas, Alicia Padilla Galo, Nuria Marina Malanda, Juan Luis Garcia Rivero, Celia Pinedo Sierra, Mercedes Garcia Salmones, Carmen Cabrera Galán, Esperanza Segura Molina, Vicente Plaza
INTRODUCTION: Sexual limitations play an important role in the quality of life of patients with chronic diseases. Very limited information is available on the impact of asthma on the sexual functioning of these individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational, multicenter study. Asthma patients and healthy individuals were recruited. All subjects participated in an interview in which demographic and clinical data were recorded, and completed the Goldberg Anxiety-Depression Scale (GADS) to evaluate the presence of concomitant psychiatric disease...
June 21, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645572/longitudinal-associations-between-mental-health-conditions-and-overactive-bladder-in-women-veterans
#6
Catherine S Bradley, Ingrid E Nygaard, Stephen L Hillis, James C Torner, Anne G Sadler
BACKGROUND: One in five recently deployed U.S. women veterans report overactive bladder symptoms. Mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety commonly co-occur in women with overactive bladder, but temporal relationships between these outcomes have not been well-studied, and the mechanism behind this association is unknown. The Women Veterans Urinary Health Study, a nationwide longitudinal study in recently deployed women veterans, was designed to better understand relationships between overactive bladder and mental health conditions...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645098/the-behavioral-economics-of-social-anxiety-disorder-reveal-a-robust-effect-for-interpersonal-traits
#7
Thomas L Rodebaugh, Natasha A Tonge, Jaclyn S Weisman, Michelle H Lim, Katya C Fernandez, Ryan Bogdan
Recent evidence suggests that reduced generosity among individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD) in behavioral economic tasks may result from constraint in changing behavior according to interpersonal contingencies. That is, people with SAD may be slower to be more generous when the situation warrants. Conversely, more global effects on generosity may be related to interpersonal vindictiveness, a dimension only somewhat related to SAD. A total of 133 participants, 73 with the generalized form of SAD, completed self-report instruments and a behavioral economic task with simulated interpersonal (friend, romantic partner, stranger) interactions...
June 15, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643948/investigating-the-separate-and-interactive-associations-of-trauma-and-depression-on-brain-structure-implications-for-cognition-and-aging
#8
Aimee J Karstens, Olusola Ajilore, Leah H Rubin, Shaolin Yang, Aifeng Zhang, Alex Leow, Anand Kumar, Melissa Lamar
OBJECTIVE: Trauma and depression are associated with brain structural alterations; their combined effects on these outcomes are unclear. We previously reported a negative effect of trauma, independent of depression, on verbal learning and memory; less is known about underlying structural associates. We investigated separate and interactive associations of trauma and depression on brain structure. METHODS: Adults aged 30-89 (N = 203) evaluated for depression (D+) and trauma history (T+) using structured clinical interviews were divided into 53 D+T+, 42 D+T-, 50 D-T+, and 58 D-T-...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639236/the-effects-of-intranasal-dexmedetomidine-premedication-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Jong Hun Jun, Kyu Nam Kim, Ji Yoon Kim, Shin Me Song
PURPOSE: Intranasal dexmedetomidine premedication is a newly introduced method for reducing stress and anxiety before general anesthesia in children. We performed a meta-analysis to identify the effects of intranasal dexmedetomidine premedication in children. SOURCE: We conducted a systematic review to find published randomized-controlled trials using intranasal dexmedetomidine as premedication. We searched databases in EMBASE™, MEDLINE®, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register using the Ovid platform...
June 21, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638713/the-behavioral-and-physiological-effects-of-high-fat-diet-and-alcohol-consumption-sex-differences-in-c57bl6-j-mice
#10
Rachel R Gelineau, Nicole L Arruda, Jasmin A Hicks, Isabella Monteiro De Pina, Aikaterini Hatzidis, Joseph A Seggio
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Animal studies can be a great tool to investigate sex differences in a variety of different ways, including behavioral and physiological responses to drug treatments and different "lifestyle variables" such as diets. Consumption of both high-fat diets and alcohol is known to affect anxiety behaviors and overall health. This project investigated how high-fat diet and alcohol access and its combination affected the behavior and physiology of male and female C57BL/6J mice...
June 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638703/childhood-trauma-and-negative-memory-bias-as-shared-risk-factors-for-psychopathology-and-comorbidity-in-a-naturalistic-psychiatric-patient-sample
#11
Janna N Vrijsen, Camiel T van Amen, Bauke Koekkoek, Iris van Oostrom, Aart H Schene, Indira Tendolkar
BACKGROUND: Both childhood trauma and negative memory bias are associated with the onset and severity level of several psychiatric disorders, such as depression and anxiety disorders. Studies on these risk factors, however, generally use homogeneous noncomorbid samples. Hence, studies in naturalistic psychiatric samples are lacking. Moreover, we know little about the quantitative relationship between the frequency of traumatic childhood events, strength of memory bias and number of comorbid psychiatric disorders; the latter being an index of severity...
June 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638591/replicable-in-vivo-physiological-and-behavioral-phenotypes-of-the-shank3b-null-mutant-mouse-model-of-autism
#12
Sameer C Dhamne, Jill L Silverman, Chloe E Super, Stephen H T Lammers, Mustafa Q Hameed, Meera E Modi, Nycole A Copping, Michael C Pride, Daniel G Smith, Alexander Rotenberg, Jacqueline N Crawley, Mustafa Sahin
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a clinically and biologically heterogeneous condition characterized by social, repetitive, and sensory behavioral abnormalities. No treatments are approved for the core diagnostic symptoms of ASD. To enable the earliest stages of therapeutic discovery and development for ASD, robust and reproducible behavioral phenotypes and biological markers are essential to establish in preclinical animal models. The goal of this study was to identify electroencephalographic (EEG) and behavioral phenotypes that are replicable between independent cohorts in a mouse model of ASD...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637417/effect-of-heteropterys-aphrodisiaca-on-anxiety-and-male-exposure-of-female-mice-with-advanced-age
#13
Daniela Miranda Farias, Maria Silvia Ostetto, Rozimeri Colleti, Thais Barbosa, Jorge Aparecido Barros, Sergio Machado, Eric Murillo-Rodríguez, Susana E Moreno, André Barciela Veras
BACKGROUND: Effect of Heteropterys aphrodisiac (dog-node) on anxiety and function Of adult female wistar mice. The Project is an experiment with the use of Of H. aphrodisiac root extract, in order to observe the frequency of Sexual exposure of females exposed to the extract, quantify the effect of the extract on the Concentration of total testosterone and observe the anxiety levels of the animals Exposed. Results will be measured with the laboratory testosterone test and LCE and CA tests...
June 21, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636694/placebo-response-and-practice-effects-in-schizophrenia-cognition-trials
#14
Richard S E Keefe, Vicki G Davis, Philip D Harvey, Alexandra S Atkins, George M Haig, Owen Hagino, Stephen Marder, Dana C Hilt, Daniel Umbricht
Importance: Patients' previous experience with performance-based cognitive tests in clinical trials for cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia can create practice-related improvements. Placebo-controlled trials for cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia are at risk for these practice effects, which can be difficult to distinguish from placebo effects. Objectives: To conduct a systematic evaluation of the magnitude of practice effects on the Measurement and Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) in cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia and to examine which demographic, clinical, and cognitive characteristics were associated with improvement in placebo conditions...
June 21, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635179/changing-trends-in-opioid-use-among-u-s-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#15
Jeffrey R Curtis, Fenglong Xie, Christian Smith, Kenneth G Saag, Lang Chen, Timothy Beukelman, Melissa Mannion, Huifeng Yun, Stefan Kertesz
Introduction Opioid prescribing recently has come under intense scrutiny. However, longitudinal patterns of opioid prescription receipt in a population-based cohort of patients who have chronic pain, such as those with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), have not been well characterized. Methods We identified a cohort of RA patients based on 2006-2014 Medicare data and evaluated longitudinal time trends in regular opioid use (>=3 filled prescriptions in each 12 month interval). A separate analysis in 2014 assessed rheumatologist-specific variability in regular opioid prescription for RA patients...
June 21, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634698/association-between-characteristics-of-pain-and-stiffness-and-the-functional-status-of-patients-with-incident-polymyalgia-rheumatica-from-primary-care
#16
A Cawley, J A Prior, S Muller, T Helliwell, S L Hider, B Dasgupta, K Barraclough, C D Mallen
This paper aims to examine the relationship between different characteristics of pain and stiffness and the functional status of patients with newly diagnosed polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). Baseline analysis of an inception cohort study was conducted. Patients aged ≥18 years, with a new diagnosis of PMR were recruited from 382 English general practices. Participants were mailed a baseline questionnaire, including separate pain and stiffness manikins and numerical rating scales (NRS), a question on their ability to raise their arms above their head and the modified Health Assessment Questionnaire (mHAQ) to examine participants' functional status...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634390/increased-glutamate-in-somatosensory-cortex-in-functional-dyspepsia
#17
Arthur D P Mak, Georg Northoff, David K W Yeung, Winnie C W Chu, Steve C N Hui, Cynthia Cheung, Jessica Ching, Linda Lam, Sing Lee, Justin Wu
Functional Dyspepsia-Post-prandial Distress Syndrome (FD-PDS) was associated with mood-related increases in resting activity and lowered activation threshold in the somatosensory cortex (SSC), insula and perigenual anterior cingulate cortex(pgACC) in functional imaging studies. The underlying cortical neurochemical changes are unknown. We performed proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (1H-MRS) on 17 consecutive tertiary clinic-recruited psychotropic-naïve Rome III FD-PDS female and 17 age-sex matched healthy controls...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633031/cell-division-centrosomes-have-separation-anxiety
#18
Stephen R Norris, Ryoma Ohi
Prior to mitosis, duplicated centrosomes are tethered together, which is thought to prevent mitotic defects. A new study establishes the role of tetrameric Kif25, a microtubule minus-end-directed kinesin-14 motor, in preventing premature centrosome separation through a microtubule-dependent pathway.
June 19, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632329/postictal-hypoperfusion-hypoxia-provides-the-foundation-for-a-unified-theory-of-seizure-induced-brain-abnormalities-and-behavioral-dysfunction
#19
REVIEW
Jordan S Farrell, Roberto Colangeli, Marshal D Wolff, Alexandra K Wall, Thomas J Phillips, Antis George, Paolo Federico, G Campbell Teskey
A recent article by Farrell et al. characterizes the phenomenon, mechanisms, and treatment of a local and severe hypoperfusion/hypoxia event that occurs in brain regions following a focal seizure. Given the well-established role of cerebral ischemia/hypoxia in brain damage and behavioral dysfunction in other clinical settings (e.g., stroke, cerebral vasospasm), we put forward a new theory: postictal hypoperfusion/hypoxia is responsible for the negative consequences associated with seizures. Fortunately, inhibition of two separate molecular targets, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and l-type calcium channels, can prevent the expression of postictal hypoperfusion/hypoxia...
June 20, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632003/factor-structure-of-the-urdu-version-of-the-spence-children-s-anxiety-scale-in-pakistan
#20
Farah Qadir, Aneela Maqsood, Najam Us-Sahar, Nadia Bukhtawer, Amna Khalid, Regina Pauli, Catherine Gilvarry, Girmay Medhin, Cecilia A Essau
Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS) is one of the most commonly used self-report questionnaires to measure symptoms of anxiety disorders in adolescents. Despite its common use, studies that examine the psychometric properties of SCAS in Pakistan is lacking. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Urdu translated version of the SCAS among adolescents in Pakistan. A total of 1277 students (708 boys and 569 girls), aged 13 to17 years, who had been recruited from 13 schools in Rawalpindi, Pakistan participated in the study...
March 3, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
keyword
keyword
6343
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"