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Separation Anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784115/estimated-prevalence-of-psychiatric-comorbidities-in-u-s-adolescents-with-depression-by-race-ethnicity-2011-2012
#1
Bridget E Weller, Kathryn L Blanford, Ashley M Butler
PURPOSE: Comorbid psychiatric conditions in adolescents with depression are a public health concern. However, little is known about the prevalence of comorbidities in separate racial/ethnic groups. This study estimated the national prevalence of comorbidities for black, Hispanic, and white adolescents separately, and compared the prevalence of comorbidities between adolescents with and without depression. METHODS: This secondary analysis used data from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health, a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey of U...
June 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781723/strengths-in-older-adults-differential-effect-of-savoring-gratitude-and-optimism-on-well-being
#2
Isabel María Salces-Cubero, Encarnación Ramírez-Fernández, Ana Raquel Ortega-Martínez
Objetive: The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of three separate strengths training-based interventions - Gratitude, Savoring, and Optimism - in older adults. METHOD: The sample comprised 124 older adults, namely, 74 women and 50 men, non-institutionalized individuals who regularly attend day centers in the provinces of Jaén and Córdoba, southern Spain. Their ages ranged between 60 and 89 years. The measures used were Anxiety, Depression, Life Satisfaction, Positive and Negative Affect, Subjective Happiness, and Resilience...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781628/early-life-stress-impairs-contextual-threat-expression-in-female-but-not-male-mice
#3
Gabriela Manzano-Nieves, Mizan Gaillard, Meghan Gallo, Kevin G Bath
Early life stress (ELS) is associated with altered processing of threat signals, and increased lifetime risk of anxiety and affective pathology, disorders that disproportionately affect females. We tested the impact of a limited bedding paradigm of ELS (from P4-11) on contextual threat learning, context memory, footshock sensitivity, and anxietylike behavior, in adult male and female mice. To examine contextual threat learning, mice conditioned by context/footshock association were tested 24 hr later for the context memory...
May 21, 2018: Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772912/relations-between-empathy-and-anxiety-dimensions-in-inpatient-adolescents
#4
Malgorzata Gambin, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A better understanding of the relationships between empathy and internalizing disorders is needed to plan therapeutic interventions for children and adolescents. Several studies have revealed positive relations of internalizing symptoms to personal distress and affective empathy. However, there is a lack of studies that take into account the multidimensional nature of anxiety in its relation to empathy. DESIGN: Structural equation modeling was used to test the moderated mediation model of the relations between empathy, depression and anxiety dimensions and the moderating role of gender on these associations in inpatient adolescents...
May 17, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771983/the-effect-of-exposure-to-low-frequency-electromagnetic-fields-emf-as-an-integral-part-of-the-housing-system-on-anxiety-related-behaviour-cognition-and-welfare-in-two-strains-of-laboratory-mouse
#5
Oliver Burman, Gerardo Marsella, Angelo Di Clemente, Luigi Cervo
Electromagnetic field (EMF) technology has the potential to improve scientific data capture and welfare assessment by allowing automated data collection from individual cages. However, it is important to determine any impact that a new technology itself may have on animal welfare, and previous studies have found contrasting results of EMF on laboratory rodent anxiety-like behaviour and cognition. We therefore investigated whether there was an effect of low frequency EMF experienced continuously over a six-week period, as an integral part of the animal housing system, on measures of mouse anxiety-related behaviour, cognition and welfare...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763998/media-technology-use-and-attitudes-associations-with-physical-and-mental-well-being-in-youth-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#6
Nadine Zeeni, Rita Doumit, Joelle Abi Kharma, Maria-Jose Sanchez-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that the use of technology and media, in their different available forms, may have detrimental effects on the physical and mental well-being of adolescents and young adults. AIMS: The present study aimed to investigate the use of different types of technology and media, attitudes toward them, and how they relate to physical and mental well-being in Lebanese university students. METHODS: A descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional design was used...
May 15, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761836/acceptability-and-caregiver-reported-outcomes-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-whose-parents-attended-a-preventative-population-based-intervention-for-anxiety-a-pilot-study
#7
Natalie L Bischof, Ronald M Rapee, Kristelle Hudry, Jordana K Bayer
This pilot study explored acceptability to parents and outcomes for children of a preventive intervention for anxiety problems in pre-schoolers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who were an identified sub-group within a population-based randomised trial of the Cool Little Kids parenting group programme. The population trial included 545 temperamentally inhibited pre-schoolers recruited across eight economically diverse areas of Melbourne, Australia. Within this sample, 26 parents reported that their child had received an ASD diagnosis...
May 15, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758472/contributions-of-depression-and-body-mass-index-to-body-image
#8
Nadine P G Paans, Mariska Bot, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Brenda W J H Penninx
Depression and body mass index (BMI) are known to be associated with body image, however, their independent or joint effects on body image in adults are largely unknown. Therefore, we studied associations of depression diagnosis, severity, and BMI with perceptual body size (PBS) and body image dissatisfaction (BID). Cross-sectional data from 882 remitted depressed patients, 242 currently depressed patients and 325 healthy controls from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety were used. Depressive disorders (DSM-IV based psychiatric interview), standardized self-reported depressive symptoms (Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology) and BMI were separately and simultaneously related to body image (the Stunkard Figure Rating scale) using linear regression analyses...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757881/health-and-educational-implications-of-prematurity-in-the-united-states-national-survey-of-children-s-health-2011-2012-data
#9
Michelle M Kelly
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Preterm birth is a significant public health issue, with children born prematurely experiencing educational and health difficulties throughout childhood. The aim of the descriptive secondary data analysis was to compare health implications and educational experiences in children born prematurely compared with children born at term. METHODS: The 2011/2012 National Survey of Children's Health data set was explored using separate chi-square tests of homogeneity to investigate differences in the occurrence of chronic health conditions and educationally relevant outcomes: individualized family services plan/individualized education plan (IFSP/IEP), and grade repetition between children born prematurely compared with those born at term...
March 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751819/mindfulness-as-a-complementary-intervention-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-primary-health-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Vera Salvo, Jean Kristeller, Jesus Montero Marin, Adriana Sanudo, Bárbara Hatzlhoffer Lourenço, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Vania D'Almeida, Héctor Morillo, Suely Godoy Agostinho Gimeno, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been applied in the United States and Europe to improve physical and psychological health; however, little is known about its feasibility and efficacy in a Brazilian population. Mindfulness may also be relevant in tackling obesity and eating disorders by decreasing binge eating episodes-partly responsible for weight regain for a large number of people-and increasing awareness of emotional and other triggers for overeating. The aim of the present study protocol is to evaluate and compare the feasibility and efficacy of two mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) addressing overweight and obesity in primary care patients: a general programme called Mindfulness-Based Health Promotion and a targeted mindful eating protocol called Mindfulness-Based Eating Awareness Training...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745915/association-of-diabetes-compensation-with-sleeping-habits-and-well-being-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#11
L Navasardyan, A Аvetisyan, M Simonyan, E Aghajanova
Recent data estimates that sleep deprivation and poor quality of night sleep have an impact on the incidence and prevalence of both obesity and type 2 diabetes, as well as cardiovascular events in all ages. The aim of this work is to evaluate the association between diabetes compensation and sleep quality and quantity, comparing patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, as well as to establish any potential connection with "screen" time, physical activity and well-being. For this reason 49 patients with type 1 (n=28) and type 2 DM (n=21) were investigated...
April 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740291/varying-social-experiences-in-adulthood-do-not-differentially-affect-anxiety-like-behavior-but-stress-hormone-levels
#12
Niklas Kästner, S Helene Richter, Carina Bodden, Rupert Palme, Sylvia Kaiser, Norbert Sachser
Social experiences can have profound effects on an individual's level of anxiety. While various studies have addressed consequences of experiences of a specific type, e.g., social defeat, a recent study in mice investigated the impact of combinations of adverse and beneficial social experiences. Quite surprisingly, mice exposed to benefits during early life phases followed by escapable adversity in adulthood displayed lowest levels of anxiety, even compared to individuals having experienced throughout beneficial conditions...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738951/key-hospital-anxiety-and-depression-scale-hads-items-associated-with-dsm-iv-depressive-and-anxiety-disorder-12-months-post-traumatic-brain-injury
#13
Dean P McKenzie, Marina G Downing, Jennie L Ponsford
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common problems following traumatic brain injury (TBI), warranting routine screening. Self-report rating scales including the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) are associated with depression and anxiety diagnoses in individuals with TBI. The relationship between individual HADS symptoms and structured clinical interview methods (SCID) requires further investigation, particularly in regard to identifying a small number of key items that can potentially be recognised by clinicians and carers of individuals with TBI...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738782/pathological-and-non-pathological-variants-of-restrictive-eating-behaviors-in-middle-childhood-a-latent-class-analysis
#14
Ricarda Schmidt, Mandy Vogel, Andreas Hiemisch, Wieland Kiess, Anja Hilbert
Although restrictive eating behaviors are very common during early childhood, their precise nature and clinical correlates remain unclear. Especially, there is little evidence on restrictive eating behaviors in older children and their associations with children's shape concern. The present population-based study sought to delineate subgroups of restrictive eating patterns in N = 799 7-14 year old children. Using Latent Class Analysis, children were classified based on six restrictive eating behaviors (for example, picky eating, food neophobia, and eating-related anxiety) and shape concern, separately in three age groups...
May 5, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734097/the-influence-of-dietary-patterns-and-stressful-life-events-on-psychological-problems-in-a-large-sample-of-iranian-industrial-employees-structural-equations-modeling-approach
#15
Maryam Yazdi, Hamidreza Roohafza, Awat Feizi, Katayoon Rabiei, Nizal Sarafzadegan
BACKGROUND: Psychological problems affect many employees and their job performance. Although, the association of diet and stress, as modifiable risk factors, with psychological problems have been investigated separately, however their simultaneous impacts have not been studied. The present study aimed at reinvestigating the association of major dietary patterns and stressful life events with intensity of psychological problems in a large sample of Iranian industrial employees. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 3063 employees in an industrial unit in Isfahan, Iran were investigated...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728890/the-associations-between-callous-unemotional-traits-and-symptoms-of-conduct-problems-hyperactivity-and-emotional-problems-a-study-of-adolescent-twins-screened-for-neurodevelopmental-problems
#16
Marie Claire Saunders, Henrik Anckarsäter, Sebastian Lundström, Clara Hellner, Paul Lichtenstein, Nathalie M G Fontaine
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits (e.g., lack of empathy, lack of guilt, shallow affect) are associated with severe and persistent conduct problems in youth. There is evidence showing a substantial genetic correlation between CU traits and conduct problems. The etiological associations between CU traits and other psychopathological symptoms, including symptoms of hyperactivity and emotional problems (such as anxiety and depression symptoms), have been less explored. To examine the etiological associations between CU traits and symptoms of conduct problems, hyperactivity and emotional problems separately through the use of a twin design...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728760/is-surgery-a-risk-factor-for-separation-anxiety-in-children
#17
Muhammet Emin Naldan, Ali Karayagmurlu, Elif Oral Ahıskalıoglu, Mehmet Nuri Cevizci, Pelin Aydin, Duygu Kara
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative anxiety symptoms are distressing for both family and child. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of postoperative anxiety symptoms in children. METHODS: 60 children aged 6-12 undergoing surgery were included in the study group. The study group was assessed three times in terms of separation anxiety disorder (SAD), at the time of presentation, 1 and 3 months postoperatively. A personal information form and the SAD section of the K-SADS-PL on the basis of DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for screening SAD symptoms were used...
May 4, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727768/the-neural-correlates-of-attachment-security-in-typically-developing-children
#18
Eun Jung Choi, Margot J Taylor, Soon-Beom Hong, Changdai Kim, Soon-Hyung Yi
This study investigated neural correlates of children's attachment security using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Fifty-one boys' attachment styles (age mean = 9.5 years, SD = 0.61) were assessed with the Separation Anxiety Test (SAT). We created an fMRI version of the SAT to activate children's attachment system in fMRI environment and contrasted two conditions in which children were instructed to infer the specific feeling of the boy in the picture or to identify objects or physical activities...
April 30, 2018: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723593/sex-dependent-impact-of-different-degrees-of-maternal-separation-experience-on-oft-behavioral-performances-after-adult-chronic-unpredictable-mild-stress-exposure-in-rats
#19
Yanyan Wei, Gaohua Wang, Huiling Wang, Jing He, Nan Zhang, Zuotian Wu, Ling Xiao, Can Yang
Early-life social-environmental factors are important for normal development, and different degrees of early-life stress experience have different impacts on adult behaviors and stress responsiveness. The aim of present study was to investigate the long-term effects of different degrees of maternal separation (MS) on male and female rats and subsequent responsiveness to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) exposure in adults. Sprague-Dawley (SD) newborn pups were exposed to either 15 min/day of MS (MS15), 360 min/day of MS (MS360) or no separation (NS) during postnatal day (PND)4-PND10...
April 30, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719416/pain-and-emotion-as-predictive-factors-of-interoception-in-fibromyalgia
#20
Céline Borg, Florian Chouchou, Jenny Dayot-Gorlero, Perrine Zimmerman, Delphine Maudoux, Bernard Laurent, George A Michael
Introduction: This study investigated interoception in fibromyalgia (FM), a disorder characterized by chronic pain accompanied by mood deregulation. Based on observations on the relationship between somatosensory processing and pain in FM and considering the affective symptoms of this disorder, we tested in FM three dimensions of interoception: interoceptive accuracy (IA), interoceptive awareness (IAW) and interoceptive sensibility (IS). Materials and methods: Twenty-one female FM patients (Mage = 50...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
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