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Separation Anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526550/impact-of-first-eye-versus-second-eye-cataract-surgery-on-visual-function-and-quality-of-life
#1
Nakul S Shekhawat, Michael V Stock, Elizabeth F Baze, Mary K Daly, David E Vollman, Mary G Lawrence, Amy S Chomsky
PURPOSE: To compare the impact of first eye versus second eye cataract surgery on visual function and quality of life. DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 328 patients undergoing separate first eye and second eye phacoemulsification cataract surgeries at 5 veterans affairs centers in the United States. Patients with previous ocular surgery, postoperative endophthalmitis, postoperative retinal detachment, reoperation within 30 days, dementia, anxiety disorder, hearing difficulty, or history of drug abuse were excluded...
May 16, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526049/psychological-status-and-quality-of-life-among-primary-caregivers-of-individuals-with-mental-illness-a-hospital-based-study
#2
Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Edimansyah Abdin, YunJue Zhang, Sherilyn Chang, Saleha Shafie, Restria Fauziana Abdul Rahman, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the psychological status and quality of life among primary caregivers of individuals suffering from various mental illnesses including early psychosis, chronic schizophrenia, depressive disorders, anxiety disorders and dementia. METHODS: A total of 350 primary caregivers with relatives seeking treatment at a tertiary psychiatric hospital were recruited for this study. Socio-demographic data was obtained and the brief version of the World Health Organisation Quality of Life instrument was used to assess caregiver's quality of life (QOL)...
May 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524707/asthma-specific-cognitions-self-focused-attention-and-fear-of-negative-evaluation-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-diagnosed-with-childhood-onset-asthma
#3
Ashley N Junghans-Rutelonis, Alayna P Tackett, Kristina I Suorsa, John M Chaney, Larry L Mullins
The present study examined the impact of asthma-specific thought intrusion (TI) and thought suppression (TS) on two cognitive-affective variables (self-focused attention and fear of negative evaluation) among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) diagnosed with childhood-onset asthma. Participants were 290 AYAs who completed assessment questionnaires and participated in a written exercise electronically. Asthma-TI and TS were reported by participants following participation in a writing assignment. Asthma-TI was associated with increased private, public, and social anxiety self-focused attention, and greater fear of negative evaluation...
May 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523943/prospective-effects-of-social-support-on-internalized-homonegativity-and-sexual-identity-concealment-among-middle-aged-and-older-gay-men-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#4
Anthony Lyons, Christopher A Pepping
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Middle-aged and older gay men experience higher rates of depression and anxiety compared to their heterosexual counterparts, with internalized homonegativity and sexual identity concealment known to be major stress-related contributors. This study examined the prospective effect of different types and sources of social support on internalized homonegativity and sexual identity concealment experienced among middle-aged and older gay men. METHODS: A longitudinal survey involving two waves of data collection separated by 12 months was conducted among a cohort of 186 gay-identified men aged 40 years and older...
May 19, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522977/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-patients-with-the-main-etiological-types-of-mild-neurocognitive-disorders-a-hospital-based-case-control-study
#5
Oleg A Levada, Nataliya V Cherednichenko, Alexandra S Troyan
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic construct of mild neurocognitive disorders (MNCDs) is substantially congruent with previously proposed criteria for mild cognitive impairment (MCI). MNCD/MCI is associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS). Previous studies have examined the prevalence of NPS in amnestic and non-amnestic MCI subtypes; however, no studies exist for etiological types of MNCD. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of NPS in patients with MNCD due to Alzheimer's disease (MNCD-AD) and subcortical vascular MNCD (ScVMNCD) and to determine whether NPS would expand these MNCD phenotypes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522735/d3-receptors-regulate-excitability-in-a-unique-class-of-prefrontal-pyramidal-cell
#6
Rebecca L Clarkson, Alayna T Liptak, Steven M Gee, Vikaas S Sohal, Kevin J Bender
The D3 dopamine receptor, a member of the Gi-coupled D2-family of dopamine receptors, is expressed throughout limbic circuits affected in neuropsychiatric disorders, including prefrontal cortex. These receptors are important for prefrontal executive function, as pharmacological and genetic manipulations that affect prefrontal D3 receptors alter anxiety, social interaction, and reversal learning. And yet, the mechanisms by which D3 receptors regulate prefrontal circuits, and whether D3 receptors regulate specific prefrontal subnetworks, remain unknown...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522128/does-adult-attachment-style-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-mental-and-physical-health-outcomes
#7
Cathy Spatz Widom, Sally J Czaja, Sandra Sepulveda Kozakowski, Preeti Chauhan
Attachment theory has been proposed as one explanation for the relationship between childhood maltreatment and problematic mental and physical health outcomes in adulthood. This study seeks to determine whether: (1) childhood physical abuse and neglect lead to different attachment styles in adulthood, (2) adult attachment styles predict subsequent mental and physical health outcomes, and (3) adult attachment styles mediate the relationship between childhood physical abuse and neglect and mental and physical health outcomes...
May 15, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521111/the-role-of-gender-in-suicidal-ideation-among-long-term-opioid-users
#8
Kirsten Marchand, Heather Palis, Jill Fikowski, Scott Harrison, Patricia Spittal, Martin T Schechter, Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine factors associated with suicidal ideation among people with opioid dependence and to explore whether these factors are gender-specific. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected among long-term opioid-dependent individuals ( n = 176; 46.0% women). Lifetime histories of suicidal ideation were measured using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, and additional data were collected regarding sociodemographic characteristics, drug use, health, and adverse life events...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516851/intimate-partner-abuse-and-attachment-a-comparison-between-abused-and-nonabused-women
#9
M Meghan Davidson, Michael S Butchko, Janice E Castro, Krista Robbins
The purpose of this study was to examine intimate partner abuse (IPA), parental attachment, and romantic attachment among college women. More specifically, IPA was examined such that women who had experienced abuse and those who had not were compared with respect to parental and romantic attachment using the lens of attachment theory. Undergraduate women (N = 502) completed an online survey assessing their experiences of IPA as well as their parental and romantic attachment styles. Bivariate correlations demonstrated that IPA was significantly associated with all study variables (i...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516464/the-blood-donation-ambivalence-survey-measuring-conflicting-attitudes-about-giving-blood
#10
K R Fox, L K Himawan, C R France
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to develop and conduct initial validation testing for a novel measure of ambivalence about donating blood. BACKGROUND: Previous studies of living organ, bone marrow and stem cell donors have identified donation-related ambivalence as a predictor of decisions about donation and post-donation outcomes. Ambivalence about blood donation has not received the same attention. METHODS: In Study 1, a sample of young adults (N = 396) were administered test items of ambivalence, and exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were performed to identify the Blood Donation Ambivalence Survey...
May 18, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513073/early-neurocognitive-improvements-following-parathyroidectomy-for-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#11
Shivani Shah-Becker, Jonathan Derr, Benjamin S Oberman, Aaron Baker, Brian Saunders, Michele M Carr, David Goldenberg
OBJECTIVES: To establish a time frame for postoperative improvements in neurocognitive function in patients who undergo parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism by utilizing repeat neuropsychological assessment at multiple time points before and after surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted at a tertiary academic medical center between August 2014 and December 2015, including 50 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism who underwent parathyroidectomy...
May 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513061/disorder-specific-versus-generic-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-in-children-and-young-people-a-systematic-narrative-review-of-evidence-for-the-effectiveness-of-disorder-specific-cbt-compared-with-the-disorder-generic-treatment-coping-cat
#12
Rose Oldham-Cooper, Maria Loades
BACKGROUND: Coping Cat (CC), a generic cognitive-behavioral intervention for anxiety disorders in children and young people, is recommended in the United Kingdom for social anxiety disorder (SAD), generalized anxiety disorder, separation anxiety (SA), and specific phobias (SP), with disorder-specific approaches generally favored in treatment of anxiety disorders in adults. OBJECTIVES: To compare CC with disorder-specific cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) interventions based on anxiety-related treatment outcomes...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512033/bifidobacterium-cect-7765-modulates-early-stress-induced-immune-neuroendocrine-and-behavioral-alterations-in-mice
#13
A Moya-Pérez, A Perez-Villalba, A Benítez-Páez, I Campillo, Y Sanz
Emerging evidence suggests that there is a window of opportunity within the early developmental period, when microbiota-based interventions could play a major role in modulating the gut-brain axis and, thereby, in preventing mood disorders. This study aims at evaluating the effects and mode of action of Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum CECT 7765 in a murine model of chronic stress induced by maternal separation (MS). C57Bl/6J male breast-fed pups were divided into four groups, which were subjected or not to MS and supplemented with placebo or B...
May 13, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509782/an-update-on-the-impact-of-food-allergy-on-anxiety-and-quality-of-life
#14
Marcus S Shaker, Jonathan Schwartz, Morgan Ferguson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food allergies have become more common, and management involves dietary avoidance that can impair quality of life. Patients and families must manage the daily risk of anaphylaxis at each meal. The purpose of this review is to describe the impact of food allergies on quality of life and to provide an update on new developments in food allergy management, particularly peanut allergy. RECENT FINDINGS: Food allergy requires careful avoidance of common and ubiquitous dietary allergens...
May 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506228/chinese-herbal-pulian-ointment-in-treating-psoriasis-vulgaris-of-blood-heat-syndrome-a-multi-center-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#15
Nuo Li, Wenbin Zhao, Jianmin Xing, Jianping Liu, Guangzhong Zhang, Yunbi Zhang, Yuanwen Li, Wali Liu, Fei Shi, Yanping Bai
BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a long history in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris. We aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal Pulian ointment in treating psoriasis vulgaris of blood-heat syndrome. METHODS: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted. Participants with psoriasis vulgaris of blood-heat syndrome were blinded and randomized to receive Pulian ointment or placebo ointment twice daily for 4 weeks, with follow-up 8 weeks after treatment...
May 15, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502036/perceptions-of-painful-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-in-south-east-asia-results-from-patient-and-physician-surveys
#16
Rayaz A Malik, Emre Aldinc, Siew-Pheng Chan, Chaicharn Deerochanawong, Chii-Min Hwu, Raymond L Rosales, Chun-Yip Yeung, Koichi Fujii, Bruce Parsons
There are no data on physician-patient communication in painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (pDPN) in the Asia-Pacific region. The objective of this study was to examine patient and physician perceptions of pDPN and clinical practice behaviors in five countries in South-East Asia. Primary care physicians and practitioners, endocrinologists, diabetologists, and patients with pDPN completed separate surveys on pDPN diagnosis, impact, management, and physician-patient interactions in Hong Kong, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Thailand...
May 13, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500907/in-the-process-of-drinking-to-cope-among-college-students-an-examination-of-specific-vs-global-coping-motives-for-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms
#17
Adrian J Bravo, Matthew R Pearson
The present study sought to address an issue in the drinking to cope (DTC) motives literature, namely the inconsistent application of treating DTC motives as a single construct and splitting it into DTC-depression and DTC-anxiety motives. Specifically, we aimed to determine if the effects of anxiety and depression on alcohol-related problems are best explained via their associations with DTC with specific affects or via their associations with a more global measure of DTC by testing four distinct models: the effects of anxiety/depression on alcohol-related problems mediated by DTC-anxiety only (Model 1), these effects mediated by DTC-depression only (Model 2), these effects mediated by a combined, global DTC factor (Model 3), and these effects mediated by both DTC-anxiety and DTC-depression (Model 4)...
May 2, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499211/oxytocin-receptor-and-g-protein-polymorphisms-in-patients-with-depression-and-separation-anxiety
#18
Barbara Costa, Stefano Pini, David S Baldwin, Derrick Silove, Vijaya Manicavasagar, Marianna Abelli, Fabio Coppedè, Claudia Martini
BACKGROUND: The impact of combined variants of Oxytocin Receptor (OXTR) and G protein β3 subunit genes was investigated in relation to retrospective reports of childhood as well as contemporary adult separation anxiety (SA), based on evidence of a β/γ dimer-mediated signaling for OXTR. METHODS: A case-control association study (225 healthy adults and 188 outpatients with depression) was performed to establish Risk-Combined Genotype (RCG) of the studied variants (OXTR rs53576 and the functional Gβ3 subunit rs5443)...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498525/the-shared-etiology-of-attentional-control-and-anxiety-an-adolescent-twin-study
#19
Jeffrey R Gagne, Deirdre L O'Sullivan, Nicole L Schmidt, Catherine A Spann, H Hill Goldsmith
We investigated the etiology of attentional control (AC) and four different anxiety symptom types (generalized, obsessive-compulsive, separation, and social) in an adolescent sample of over 400 twin pairs. Genetic factors contributed to 55% of the variance in AC and between 43 and 58% of the variance in anxiety. Negative phenotypic associations between AC and anxiety indicated that lower attentional ability is related to increased risk for all 4 anxiety categories. Genetic correlations between AC and anxiety phenotypes ranged from -...
March 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497380/from-gene-to-behavior-l-type-calcium-channel-mechanisms-underlying-neuropsychiatric-symptoms
#20
REVIEW
Zeeba D Kabir, Arlene Martínez-Rivera, Anjali M Rajadhyaksha
The L-type calcium channels (LTCCs) Cav1.2 and Cav1.3, encoded by the CACNA1C and CACNA1D genes, respectively, are important regulators of calcium influx into cells and are critical for normal brain development and plasticity. In humans, CACNA1C has emerged as one of the most widely reproduced and prominent candidate risk genes for a range of neuropsychiatric disorders, including bipolar disorder (BD), schizophrenia (SCZ), major depressive disorder, autism spectrum disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder...
May 11, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
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