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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933888/identifying-stable-variants-of-callous-unemotional-traits-a-longitudinal-study-of-at-risk-girls
#1
Natalie Goulter, Eva R Kimonis, Samuel W Hawes, Stephanie Stepp, Alison E Hipwell
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits have proven important for designating children and adolescents showing a pattern of particularly severe, stable, and aggressive antisocial behaviors (Frick, Ray, Thornton, & Kahn, 2014). Individuals with secondary CU traits represent a subpopulation that are distinguished from those with primary CU traits by their high anxiety levels and marked histories of social/environmental adversity; however, evidence is largely based on cross-sectional male samples and this study is the first to examine stable trajectories of CU variants among an all-girl population...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933310/socialization-alleviates-burden-of-oxidative-stress-in-hippocampus-and-prefrontal-cortex-in-morphine-addiction-period-in-male-rats
#2
Hamidreza Famitafreshi, Morteza Karimian
INTRODUCTION: Addiction is a compulsive drug-seeking and drug-taking behavior. Reduction of high-risk behaviors can reduce the burden of addiction in society and can improve the overall prognosis of drug addiction. The aim of this study is to show that reduction of oxidative stress with socialization will reduce occurrence of high-risk behavior during addiction period. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fifty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: socialized, isolated, addicted socialized and addicted isolated...
September 19, 2017: Current Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932997/the-parental-bonds-of-adolescent-girls-and-next-generation-maternal-infant-bonding-findings-from-the-victorian-intergenerational-health-cohort-study
#3
Jacqui A Macdonald, George J Youssef, Lisa Phillips, Elizabeth Spry, Yvette Alway, George C Patton, Craig A Olsson
The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which adolescent bonding problems with parents predict next-generation maternal-infant bonding problems at 2 and 12 months postpartum. Data were from a two-generation prospective cohort study of 1026 offspring (3 perinatal waves) born to participants of a two-decade (10-wave) study of 1943 adolescents. Dyads in this analysis were 395 mothers (29-36 years) of 606 offspring (305 female). At 16 years, we assessed adolescents' perceptions of their mother's and father's care and control, separately and in combination...
September 20, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931452/factors-associated-with-appropriate-psychotropic-drug-prescription-in-nursing-home-patients-with-severe-dementia
#4
Klaas van der Spek, Raymond Tcm Koopmans, Martin Smalbrugge, Marjorie Hjmg Nelissen-Vrancken, Roland B Wetzels, Claudia Hw Smeets, Steven Teerenstra, Sytse U Zuidema, Debby L Gerritsen
BACKGROUND: We studied the patient and non-patients factors of inappropriate psychotropic drug (PD) prescription for neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in nursing home patients with severe dementia. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, the appropriateness of prescriptions was explored using the Appropriate Psychotropic drug use In Dementia (APID) index sum score. This index assesses information from medical records on indication, evaluation, dosage, drug-drug interactions, drug-disease interactions, duplications, and therapy duration...
September 21, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928699/cross-cultural-comparison-of-self-construal-and-well-being-between-japan-and-south-korea-the-role-of-self-focused-and-other-focused-relational-selves
#5
Joonha Park, Vinai Norasakkunkit, Yoshi Kashima
Relational self, along with individual and collective selves, is a fundamental aspect that makes up self-concept. Proposing its two aspects: self-focused relational self (i.e., perceiving the self as the object of other people's referential awareness or intentionality) and other-focused relational self (i.e., perceiving the self as being attuned and empathetically connected to close others), the current study explored the way the four selves affect well-being in Japan and South Korea, the East Asian cultures that have been assumed to be homogeneously collectivistic in previous psychological literature...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928398/bumetanide-treatment-during-early-development-rescues-maternal-separation-induced-susceptibility-to-stress
#6
Die Hu, Zhou-Long Yu, Yan Zhang, Ying Han, Wen Zhang, Lin Lu, Jie Shi
Stress is a major risk factor for psychiatric disorders, such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and schizophrenia. Early life stress, such as maternal separation, can have long-term effects on the development of the central nervous system and pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders. In the present study, we found that maternal separation increased the susceptibility to stress in adolescent rats, increased the expression of Na(+)/K(+)/2Cl(-) cotransporter 1 (NKCC1) on postnatal day 14, and increased the expression of K(+)/2Cl(-) cotransporter 2 (KCC2) and γ-aminobutyric acid A (GABAA) receptor subunits on postnatal day 40 in the hippocampus...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927773/-school-refusal-psychopathological-profiles-of-adolescents-followed-in-a-day-hospital-setting
#7
J Romani, S Campredon, D Da Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: School refusal appeared when formal education became compulsory in 1882, with the Jules Ferry laws. In international psychiatric classifications, school refusal does not appear as a diagnosis by itself, but it co-exists and is inherent to the symptoms of other psychiatric conditions, in particular of anxiety and depressive disorders. The main goal of this study was to describe psychopathological disorders in teenagers presenting school refusal followed in a day hospital setting...
September 15, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922050/how-to-interpret-high-levels-of-distress-when-using-the-distress-thermometer-in-the-long-term-follow-up-clinic-a-study-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-survivors
#8
A J Pépin, S Lippé, M Krajinovic, C Laverdière, B Michon, D Sinnett, S Sultan
OBJECTIVES: Recent guidelines recommend to assess emotional distress in pediatric oncology during treatment and in after care. One tool used to do this is the distress thermometer (DT), a simple tool which has almost exclusively been studied in its screening abilities. Given its increased used as a measure of distress per se, it is necessary to document its concurrent validity. The goal of this study was to identify clinical domains (eg, depression, anxiety) and individual symptoms associated with pediatric cancer survivors' rating on the DT...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921607/in-labor-or-in-limbo-the-experiences-of-women-undergoing-induction-of-labor-in-hospital-findings-of-a-qualitative-study
#9
Annabel Jay, Hilary Thomas, Fiona Brooks
BACKGROUND: Induction of labor currently accounts for around 25% of all births in high-resource countries, yet despite much research into medical aspects, little is known about how women experience this process. This study aimed to explore in depth the induction experience of primiparous women. METHODS: A qualitative study was undertaken, using a sample of 21 first-time mothers from a maternity unit in the south of England. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in women's homes between 3 and 6 weeks postnatally...
September 17, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920927/no-impact-of-preadmission-anti-inflammatory-drug-use-on-risk-of-depression-and-anxiety-after-critical-illness
#10
Clara R Medici, Jaimie L Gradus, Lars Pedersen, Henrik T Sørensen, Søren D Østergaard, Christian F Christiansen
OBJECTIVES: Risk of depression and anxiety is elevated after intensive care. Drugs with anti-inflammatory properties may have antidepressant and anxiolytic effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between preadmission use of drugs with anti-inflammatory effects and risk of new-onset depression and anxiety among adult patients admitted to an ICU. DESIGN: Propensity score-matched, population-based cohort study. SETTING: All ICUs in Denmark from 2005 to 2013...
October 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918648/anticipatory-traumatic-reaction-outcomes-arising-from-secondary-exposure-to-disasters-and-large-scale-threats
#11
Tanya L Hopwood, Nicola S Schutte, Natasha M Loi
Two studies, with a total of 707 participants, developed and examined the reliability and validity of a measure for anticipatory traumatic reaction (ATR), a novel construct describing a form of distress that may occur in response to threat-related media reports and discussions. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis resulted in a scale comprising three subscales: feelings related to future threat; preparatory thoughts and actions; and disruption to daily activities. Internal consistency was .93 for the overall ATR scale...
September 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918162/how-high-level-of-anxiety-in-panic-disorder-can-interfere-in-working-memory-a-computer-simulation-and-electrophysiological-investigation
#12
Luiza Wanick Di Giorgio Silva, Danielle Aprigio, Jesse Di Giacomo, Mariana Gongora, Henning Budde, Juliana Bittencourt, Mauricio Cagy, Silmar Teixeira, Pedro Ribeiro, Marcele Regine de Carvalho, Rafael Freire, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Luis Fernando Basile, Bruna Velasques
Panic disorder (PD) is characterized by repeated and unexpected attacks of intense anxiety, which are not restricted to a determined situation or circumstance. The coherence function has been used to investigate the communication among brain structures through the quantitative EEG (qEEG). The objective of this study is to analyze if there is a difference in frontoparietal gamma coherence (GC) between panic disorder patients (PDP) and healthy controls (HC) during the Visual oddball paradigm; and verify if high levels of anxiety (produced by a computer simulation) affect PDP's working memory...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914459/testing-a-biopsychosocial-model-of-the-basic-birth-beliefs
#13
Heidi Preis, Rony Chen, Michal Eisner, Joseph Pardo, Yoav Peled, Arnon Wiznitzer, Yael Benyamini
BACKGROUND: Women perceive what birth is even before they are pregnant for the first time. Part of this conceptualization is the basic belief about birth as a medical and natural process. These two separate beliefs are pivotal in the decision-making process about labor and birth. Adapting Engel's biopsychosocial framework, we explored the importance of a wide range of factors which may contribute to these beliefs among first-time mothers. METHOD: This observational study included 413 primiparae ≥24 weeks' gestation, recruited in medical centers and in natural birth communities in Israel...
September 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912904/fasciatherapy-and-reflexology-compared-to-hypnosis-and-music-therapy-in-daily-stress-management
#14
Bernard Payrau, Nadine Quere, Elisabeth Breton, Christine Payrau
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from stress symptoms due to every-day life who are looking for a non-pharmacological response to their relief expectation are many. Furthermore, early reckoning of the day-to-day stress which may lead to clinical diagnosis is the best way of preventing the stress-related diseases. Among the many alternative medicinal options, there is little evidence that fasciatherapy (Fs) and reflexology (Rf) are effective in this field. PURPOSE: assess incidence of fasciatherapy Danis Bois Method (DBM) and of reflexology on patients' stress level in everyday-life, and provide a more informed choice among the numerous mind and body techniques by comparing them with hypnosis (Hp) and music therapy (Mt)...
September 2017: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904966/the-effect-of-oral-dexmedetomidine-premedication-on-preoperative-cooperation-and-emergence-delirium-in-children-undergoing-dental-procedures
#15
Sultan Keles, Ozlem Kocaturk
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to detect the effect of 1 μg/kg of oral dexmedetomidine (DEX) as premedication among children undergoing dental procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 100 children between 2 and 6 years of age, ASA I, who underwent full-mouth dental rehabilitation. The DEX group (n = 50) received 1 μg/kg DEX in apple juice, and the control group (n = 50) received only apple juice. The patients' scores on the Ramsay Sedation Scale (RSS), parental separation anxiety scale, mask acceptance scale, and pediatric anesthesia emergence delirium scale (PAEDS) and hemodynamic parameters were recorded...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904603/mindfulness-based-treatment-for-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Sanja Bojic, Rodrigo Becerra
Despite the increasing number of studies examining the effects of mindfulness interventions on symptoms associated with Bipolar Disorder (BD), the effectiveness of this type of interventions remains unclear. The aim of the present systematic review was to (i) critically review all available evidence on Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) as a form of intervention for BD; (ii) discuss clinical implications of MBCT in treating patients with BD; and (iii) provide a direction for future research. The review presents findings from 13 studies (N = 429) that fulfilled the following selection criteria: (i) included BD patients; (ii) presented results separately for BD patients and control groups (where a control group was available); (iii) implemented MBCT intervention; (iv) were published in English; (v) were published in a peer reviewed journal; and (vi) reported results for adult participants...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899646/early-life-adversity-potentiates-expression-of-addiction-related-traits
#17
Tristan J Hynes, Catherine S Thomas, Alicia S Zumbusch, Anna Samson, Ioana Petriman, Una Mrdja, Angelique Orr, Emilie Cutts, Bruce G Ruzindana, Alimohamed Hazari, Margaret Zjadewicz, Vedran Lovic
Many individuals sporadically and circumstantially sample addictive drugs, yet few become addicted. The individual vulnerabilities underlying the development of addiction are not well understood. Correlational findings show that early life adversity is associated with a greater propensity to develop drug addiction. However, the mechanisms by which early life adversity increases addiction vulnerability are unknown. Separate lines of research have found that several traits are associated with addiction. Here, we examined the effects of early life adversity on addiction-related traits in adulthood...
September 9, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899506/green-tea-effects-on-cognition-mood-and-human-brain-function-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Edele Mancini, Christoph Beglinger, Jürgen Drewe, Davide Zanchi, Undine E Lang, Stefan Borgwardt
BACKGROUND: Green tea (Camellia sinensis) is a beverage consumed for thousands of years. Numerous claims about the benefits of its consumption were stated and investigated. As green tea is experiencing a surge in popularity in Western culture and as millions of people all over the world drink it every day, it is relevant to understand its effects on the human brain. PURPOSE: To assess the current state of knowledge in the literature regarding the effects of green tea or green tea extracts, l-theanine and epigallocatechin gallate both components of green tea-on general neuropsychology, on the sub-category cognition and on brain functions in humans...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894514/prevalence-and-correlates-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-southern-iran-pars-cohort-study
#19
Zohre Khodamoradi, Abdullah Gandomkar, Hossein Poustchi, Alireza Salehi, Mohammad Hadi Imanieh, Arash Etemadi, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND Prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is increasing worldwide. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of GERD in Pars Cohort Study (PCS) and to find its correlates. METHODS We used the baseline data from PCS. PCS was conducted in the district of Valashahr in Fars province in southern Iran from 2012 to 2014. 9264 inhabitants who were 40-75 years old, and agreed to participate were enrolled. Data were collected by a structured questionnaire and simple physical examination of all participants...
July 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889797/an-experimental-study-of-executive-function-and-social-impairment-in-cornelia-de-lange-syndrome
#20
Lisa Nelson, Hayley Crawford, Donna Reid, Joanna Moss, Chris Oliver
BACKGROUND: Extreme shyness and social anxiety is reported to be characteristic of adolescents and adults with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS); however, the nature of these characteristics is not well documented. In this study, we develop and apply an experimental assessment of social anxiety in a group of adolescents and adults with CdLS to determine the nature of the social difficulties and whether they are related to impairments in executive functioning. METHODS: A familiar and unfamiliar examiner separately engaged in socially demanding tasks comprising three experimental conditions with a group of individuals with CdLS (n = 25; % male = 44; mean age = 22...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
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