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Adhd and neurofeedback

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132817/a-national-description-of-treatment-among-united-states-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#1
Melissa L Danielson, Susanna N Visser, Andrea Chronis-Tuscano, George J DuPaul
OBJECTIVE: To characterize lifetime and current rates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatments among US children and adolescents with current ADHD and describe the association of these treatments with demographic and clinical factors. STUDY DESIGN: Data are from the 2014 National Survey of the Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD and Tourette Syndrome, a follow-back survey of parents from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health. Weighted analyses focused on receipt of ADHD treatment among children aged 4-17 years with current ADHD (n = 2495) by 4 treatment types: medication, school supports, psychosocial interventions, and alternative treatments...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098467/a-6-month-follow-up-of-an-rct-on-behavioral-and-neurocognitive-effects-of-neurofeedback-in-children-with-adhd
#2
Katleen Geladé, Tieme W P Janssen, Marleen Bink, Jos W R Twisk, Rosa van Mourik, Athanasios Maras, Jaap Oosterlaan
To assess the long-term effects of neurofeedback (NFB) in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), we compared behavioral and neurocognitive outcomes at a 6-month naturalistic follow-up of a randomized controlled trial on NFB, methylphenidate (MPH), and physical activity (PA). Ninety-two children with a DSM-IV-TR ADHD diagnosis, aged 7-13, receiving NFB (n = 33), MPH (n = 28), or PA (n = 31), were re-assessed 6-months after the interventions. NFB comprised theta/beta training on the vertex (cortical zero)...
November 2, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059898/personalized-features-for-attention-detection-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
Fatemeh Fahimi, Cuntai Guan, Wooi Boon Goh, Kai Keng Ang, Choon Guan Lim, Tih Shih Lee
Measuring attention from electroencephalogram (EEG) has found applications in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). It is of great interest to understand what features in EEG are most representative of attention. Intensive research has been done in the past and it has been proven that frequency band powers and their ratios are effective features in detecting attention. However, there are still unanswered questions, like, what features in EEG are most discriminative between attentive and non-attentive states? Are these features common among all subjects or are they subject-specific and must be optimized for each subject? Using Mutual Information (MI) to perform subject-specific feature selection on a large data set including 120 ADHD children, we found that besides theta beta ratio (TBR) which is commonly used in attention detection and neurofeedback, the relative beta power and theta/(alpha+beta) (TBAR) are also equally significant and informative for attention detection...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036764/hippotherapy-and-neurofeedback-training-effect-on-the-brain-function-and-serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-level-changes-in-children-with-attention-deficit-or-and-hyperactivity-disorder
#4
Namju Lee, Sok Park, Jongkyu Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of hippotherapy and electroencephalography (EEG) neurofeedback on brain function and blood brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) level in children with attention-deficit or/and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Sixteen children with ADHD participated in this study and were randomly divided into 2 groups, a 1-time hippotherapy group (W1G, n = 8) and a 2-time hippotherapy group (W2G, n = 8)...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928644/near-infrared-spectroscopy-based-frontal-lobe-neurofeedback-integrated-in-virtual-reality-modulates-brain-and-behavior-in-highly-impulsive-adults
#5
Justin Hudak, Friederike Blume, Thomas Dresler, Florian B Haeussinger, Tobias J Renner, Andreas J Fallgatter, Caterina Gawrilow, Ann-Christine Ehlis
Based on neurofeedback (NF) training as a neurocognitive treatment in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), we designed a randomized, controlled functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) NF intervention embedded in an immersive virtual reality classroom in which participants learned to control overhead lighting with their dorsolateral prefrontal brain activation. We tested the efficacy of the intervention on healthy adults displaying high impulsivity as a sub-clinical population sharing common features with ADHD...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803030/neurofeedback-sham-neurofeedback-and-cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-triple-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Michael Schönenberg, Eva Wiedemann, Alexander Schneidt, Jonathan Scheeff, Alexander Logemann, Philipp M Keune, Martin Hautzinger
BACKGROUND: Many studies suggest that electroencephalographic (EEG) neurofeedback might be beneficial in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, numbers of well controlled studies are low and neurofeedback techniques are regarded as highly controversial. The present trial examined the efficacy (compared with sham neurofeedback) and efficiency (compared with meta-cognitive therapy) of a standard EEG neurofeedback protocol in adults with ADHD. METHODS: We did a concurrent, triple-blind, randomised, controlled trial using authorised deception in adults with ADHD from one centre (University of Tübingen) in Tübingen, Germany...
August 9, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759980/evaluating-the-features-of-the-brain-waves-to-quantify-adhd-improvement-by-neurofeedback
#7
Peyman Dehghanpour, Zahra Einalou
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as one of the most common neurological disorders in children and adolescents, is characterized by decentralization, slow learning, distraction and hyperactivity. Studies have shown that in addition to medication, neurofeedback training can also be used to partially control the brain activity of these patients. METHODS: In this study, using the brain signals processing before and after the treatment in 10 children treated by neurofeedback, the changes were evaluated by non-parametric statistical analysis and impact of neurofeedback on brain frequency bands was investigated...
October 23, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738794/escaschool-study-trial-protocol-of-an-adaptive-treatment-approach-for-school-age-children-with-adhd-including-two-randomised-trials
#8
Manfred Döpfner, Christopher Hautmann, Christina Dose, Tobias Banaschewski, Katja Becker, Daniel Brandeis, Martin Holtmann, Thomas Jans, Carolin Jenkner, Sabina Millenet, Tobias Renner, Marcel Romanos, Elena von Wirth
BACKGROUND: The ESCAschool study addresses the treatment of school-age children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in a large multicentre trial. It aims to investigate three interrelated topics: (i) Clinical guidelines often recommend a stepped care approach, including different treatment strategies for children with mild to moderate and severe ADHD symptoms, respectively. However, this approach has not yet been empirically validated. (ii) Behavioural interventions and neurofeedback have been shown to be effective, but the superiority of combined treatment approaches such as medication plus behaviour therapy or medication plus neurofeedback compared to medication alone remains questionable...
July 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700715/the-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-with-network-meta-analyses-of-randomised-trials
#9
Ferrán Catalá-López, Brian Hutton, Amparo Núñez-Beltrán, Matthew J Page, Manuel Ridao, Diego Macías Saint-Gerons, Miguel A Catalá, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, David Moher
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric disorders in childhood. A wide variety of treatments have been used for the management of ADHD. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of pharmacological, psychological and complementary and alternative medicine interventions for the treatment of ADHD in children and adolescents. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We performed a systematic review with network meta-analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594254/predictive-factors-of-success-in-neurofeedback-training-for-children-with-adhd
#10
Yasuko Okumura, Yosuke Kita, Mikimasa Omori, Kota Suzuki, Akira Yasumura, Ayako Fukuda, Masumi Inagaki
INTRODUCTION: Neurofeedback (NF) training aims the enhancement of self-regulation over brain activities. While it is largely recognized as an effective treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the existence of non-learners has also been reported. The present study explored pre-training assessment indices that could predict learners prior to NF training. METHODS: Twenty-two children with ADHD participated in slow cortical potential (SCP) NF training and completed pre- and post-training assessments...
June 8, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442359/emg-biofeedback-training-in-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-an-active-control-training
#11
Beatrix Barth, Kerstin Mayer, Ute Strehl, Andreas J Fallgatter, Ann-Christine Ehlis
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed at revealing neurophysiological effects induced by electromyography (EMG) based biofeedback, considered as a semi-active control condition in neurofeedback studies, in adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients. METHODS: 20 adult ADHD patients trained their muscle activity in the left and right supraspinatus muscle over the course of 30 EMG biofeedback sessions. Changes induced by the EMG feedback were evaluated at a clinical and neurophysiological level; additionally, the relation between changes in EEG activity recorded at the vertex over the training course and changes of symptom severity over the treatment course were assessed in order to investigate the mechanisms underlying clinical effects of EMG biofeedback...
June 30, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408873/neurofeedback-of-slow-cortical-potentials-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-multicenter-randomized-trial-controlling-for-unspecific-effects
#12
Ute Strehl, Pascal Aggensteiner, Daniel Wachtlin, Daniel Brandeis, Björn Albrecht, Maria Arana, Christiane Bach, Tobias Banaschewski, Thorsten Bogen, Andrea Flaig-Röhr, Christine M Freitag, Yvonne Fuchsenberger, Stephanie Gest, Holger Gevensleben, Laura Herde, Sarah Hohmann, Tanja Legenbauer, Anna-Maria Marx, Sabina Millenet, Benjamin Pniewski, Aribert Rothenberger, Christian Ruckes, Sonja Wörz, Martin Holtmann
Background: Neurofeedback (NF) in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been investigated in a series of studies over the last years. Previous studies did not unanimously support NF as a treatment in ADHD. Most studies did not control for unspecific treatment effects and did not demonstrate that self-regulation took place. The present study examined the efficacy of NF in comparison to electromyographic (EMG) feedback to control for unspecific effects of the treatment, and assessed self-regulation of slow cortical potentials (SCPs)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348527/tuning-up-the-old-brain-with-new-tricks-attention-training-via-neurofeedback
#13
REVIEW
Yang Jiang, Reza Abiri, Xiaopeng Zhao
Neurofeedback (NF) is a form of biofeedback that uses real-time (RT) modulation of brain activity to enhance brain function and behavioral performance. Recent advances in Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) and cognitive training (CT) have provided new tools and evidence that NF improves cognitive functions, such as attention and working memory (WM), beyond what is provided by traditional CT. More published studies have demonstrated the efficacy of NF, particularly for treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345387/multimodal-treatment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-6-month-follow-up
#14
Nezla S Duric, Jørg Assmus, Doris Gundersen, Alisa Duric Golos, Irene B Elgen
BACKGROUND: Different treatment approaches aimed at reducing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) core symptoms are available. However, factors such as intolerance, side-effects, lack of efficacy, high new technology costs, and placebo effect have spurred on an increasing interest in alternative or complementary treatment. AIM: The aim of this study is to explore efficacy of multimodal treatment consisting of standard stimulant medication (methylphenidate) and neurofeedback (NF) in combination, and to compare it with the single treatment in 6-month follow-up in ADHD children and adolescents...
July 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342214/real-time-fmri-neurofeedback-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
Analucia A Alegria, Melanie Wulff, Helen Brinson, Gareth J Barker, Luke J Norman, Daniel Brandeis, Daniel Stahl, Anthony S David, Eric Taylor, Vincent Giampietro, Katya Rubia
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is associated with poor self-control, underpinned by inferior fronto-striatal deficits. Real-time functional magnetic resonance neurofeedback (rtfMRI-NF) allows participants to gain self-control over dysregulated brain regions. Despite evidence for beneficial effects of electrophysiological-NF on ADHD symptoms, no study has applied the spatially superior rtfMRI-NF neurotherapy to ADHD. A randomized controlled trial tested the efficacy of rtfMRI-NF of right inferior prefrontal cortex (rIFG), a key region that is compromised in ADHD and upregulated with psychostimulants, on improvement of ADHD symptoms, cognition, and inhibitory fMRI activation...
June 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321406/a-randomized-trial-of-comparing-the-efficacy-of-two-neurofeedback-protocols-for-treatment-of-clinical-and-cognitive-symptoms-of-adhd-theta-suppression-beta-enhancement-and-theta-suppression-alpha-enhancement
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Arash Mohagheghi, Shahrokh Amiri, Nafiseh Moghaddasi Bonab, Gholamreza Chalabianloo, Seyed Gholamreza Noorazar, Seyed Mahmoud Tabatabaei, Sara Farhang
Introduction. Neurofeedback (NF) is an adjuvant or alternative therapy for children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). This study intended to compare the efficacy of two different NF protocols on clinical and cognitive symptoms of ADHD. Materials and Methods. In this clinical trial, sixty children with ADHD aged 7 to 10 years old were randomly grouped to receive two different NF treatments (theta suppression/beta enhancement protocol and theta suppression/alpha enhancement protocol). Clinical and cognitive assessments were conducted prior to and following the treatment and also after an eight-week follow-up...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293109/effects-of-a-structured-20-session-slow-cortical-potential-based-neurofeedback-program-on-attentional-performance-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-retrospective-analysis-of-an-open-label-pilot-approach-and-6-month-follow
#17
Johanna S Albrecht, Sarah Bubenzer-Busch, Anne Gallien, Eva Lotte Knospe, Tilman J Gaber, Florian D Zepf
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this approach was to conduct a structured electroencephalography-based neurofeedback training program for children and adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using slow cortical potentials with an intensive first (almost daily sessions) and second phase of training (two sessions per week) and to assess aspects of attentional performance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 24 young patients with ADHD participated in the 20-session training program...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262140/additive-effects-of-neurofeedback-on-the-treatment-of-adhd-a-randomized-controlled-study
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Eun-Jeong Lee, Chul-Ho Jung
Neurofeedback (NF) has been identified as a "possibly efficacious" treatment in current evidence-based reviews; therefore, more research is needed to determine its effects. The current study examined the potential additive effect of NF for children diagnosed with ADHD beginning a medication trial first. Thirty-six children (6-12 years) with a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of ADHD were randomly assigned to an NF with medication (NF condition) or a medication only condition. Children in the NF group attended 20 twice-weekly sessions...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256680/-treatments-for-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-what-is-the-evidence-base-to-date
#19
S Cortese, R Rosello-Miranda
The evidence base from empirical studies is one of the elements, along with patients' preference and consideration of particular clinical state and circumstances, that should be taken into account in the process of clinical decision making. This paper provides an overview of the current evidence base for the treatment of attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), drawing on the results of the most recent meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials assessing the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of ADHD...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125735/fmri-neurofeedback-training-for-increasing-anterior-cingulate-cortex-activation-in-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-an-exploratory-randomized-single-blinded-study
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anna Zilverstand, Bettina Sorger, Dorine Slaats-Willemse, Cornelis C Kan, Rainer Goebel, Jan K Buitelaar
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is characterized by poor cognitive control/attention and hypofunctioning of the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC). In the current study, we investigated for the first time whether real-time fMRI neurofeedback (rt-fMRI) training targeted at increasing activation levels within dACC in adults with ADHD leads to a reduction of clinical symptoms and improved cognitive functioning. An exploratory randomized controlled treatment study with blinding of the participants was conducted...
2017: PloS One
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