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Immigrant mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333640/comparing-mental-health-of-us-children-of-immigrants-and-non-immigrants-in-4-racial-ethnic-groups
#1
JaHun Kim, Semret Nicodimos, Siri E Kushner, Isaac C Rhew, Elizabeth McCauley, Ann Vander Stoep
BACKGROUND: To compare the mental health status of children of immigrant (COI) and non-immigrant (NI) parents and to determine whether differences in mental health status between COI and NI vary across 4 racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: We conducted universal mental health screening of 2374 sixth graders in an urban public school district. To screen, we administered well-validated adolescent depression and disruptive behavior problem questionnaires. We evaluated associations between child mental health, parent immigration status, and race/ethnicity using binomial regression...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331978/postdischarge-service-utilisation-and-outcomes-among-chinese-and-south-asian-psychiatric-inpatients-in-ontario-canada-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Maria Chiu, Evgenia Gatov, Juveria Zaheer, Michael Lebenbaum, Longdi Fu, Alice Newman, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the short-term and long-term impacts of psychiatric hospitalisations among patients of Chinese and South Asian origin. DESIGN: Retrospective population-based cohort study using linked health administrative data. SETTING: We examined all adult psychiatric inpatients discharged between 1 April 2006 and 31 March 2014 in Ontario, Canada, who were classified as Chinese, South Asian and all other ethnicities (ie, 'general population') using a validated algorithm...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305824/social-capital-and-health-among-older-chinese-immigrants-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-a-sample-in-a-canadian-prairie-city
#3
Hai Luo, Verena Menec
The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between social capital and health among Chinese immigrants. The sample included 101 older Chinese immigrants aged 60 to 96 who were recruited in 2013 in a city on the Canadian prairies. Participant completed a questionnaire assessing their structural and cognitive social capital (views on community, trust and reciprocity, civic participation, social networks and support, and social participation), physical and mental health status (SF-36), and sociodemographic characteristics...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289856/chinese-immigrant-use-of-smartphone-apps-toward-improving-child-mental-health-awareness-and-resource-delivery-a-pilot-study
#4
Emily Wu, John Torous, Cindy Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288343/psychological-outcomes-of-within-group-sexual-violence-evidence-of-cultural-betrayal
#5
Jennifer M Gómez, Jennifer J Freyd
Cultural betrayal trauma theory is a new framework for understanding trauma-related mental health outcomes in immigrant and minority populations. The purpose of the current study is to empirically test cultural betrayal trauma theory. We hypothesized that the association between within-group sexual violence and mental health outcomes would be stronger for minorities. Participants (N = 368) were minority and majority college students, who completed online measures of sexual violence victimization and mental health outcomes...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250869/stepping-stones-to-resiliency-following-a-community-based-two-generation-canadian-preschool-programme
#6
Carla S Ginn, Karen M Benzies, Leslie Anne Keown, Shelley Raffin Bouchal, Wilfreda E Billlie Thurston
Early intervention programmes are designed to address complex inequities for Canadian families living with low income, affecting social relationships, well-being and mental health. However, there is limited understanding of resiliency and change in families living with low income over time. We conducted a mixed methods study with recent immigrant, other Canadian-born, and Aboriginal families living with low income, who attended a two-generation preschool programme (CUPS One World) between 2002 and 2008. The aim of this study was to develop an understanding of the processes of change...
December 18, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248097/applying-a-global-perspective-to-school-based-health-centers-in-new-york-city
#7
Janet B Lee, Grisselle DeFrank, John Gaipa, Martha Arden
BACKGROUND: Since the 1960s, school-based health centers (SBHC) in the United States have emerged and grown with the mission of providing primary medical, reproductive, and mental health services, as well as comprehensive health education, to all students who are enrolled in the participating school. SBHCs have demonstrated a unique ability to reduce barriers to medical care for underserved populations in New York City, including undocumented immigrants and those who are of lower income status...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239703/managing-narcissistic-impulse-reminiscence-and-cultural-ideal-under-the-circumstances-of-mass-immigration
#8
Maria Leticia Castrechini-Franieck
Mass immigration is an occurrence associated with group psychology and triggers unusual reactions between newcomers and the indigenous population. This paper presents some results of psychological counseling work in an ongoing project of providing early psychological help for current traumatized refugees and asylum seekers in Europe who otherwise are unable to afford treatment, not even the usual consultations in common mental health settings. In particular, thoughts about the management of "cultural ideals" during the process of mass immigration came to light...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231071/the-mental-health-of-married-immigrant-women-in-south-korea-and-its-risk-and-protective-factors-a-literature-review
#9
Yeeun Lee, Subin Park
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Married immigrant women in South Korea undergo a wide array of psychosocial challenges in the process of adapting to a new culture and marriage with a Korean husband. For an integrative understanding of women's mental health status and to determine the key risk and protective factors, we systematically reviewed empirical articles about the mental health of married immigrant women. METHODS: We searched and reviewed articles from nine online databases: PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO, Embase, DBpia, KISS, KMbase, KoreaMed and RISS, which were published up until January 2017...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226794/mental-health-of-immigrants-and-refugees-seeking-legal-services-on-the-us-mexico-border
#10
Yok-Fong Paat, Rachel Green
The debates on the mental health benefits associated with immigration are mixed. On the one hand, immigrants are provided with more opportunities not available in their home countries. On the other hand, they are far away from home and may have been exposed to traumatic experiences on their journeys to the receiving country. Even after settling down in the receiving country, most continue to face legal battles associated with their immigration status, as shown in this study. This study examined the risk and protective factors associated with the mental health conditions in a sample of 39 immigrants and refugees seeking legal services on the US-Mexico border...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222136/effects-of-a-culturally-tailored-parenting-support-programme-in-somali-born-parents-mental-health-and-sense-of-competence-in-parenting-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Fatumo Osman, Raziye Salari, Marie Klingberg-Allvin, Ulla-Karin Schön, Renée Flacking
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a culturally tailored parenting support programme on Somali-born parents' mental health and sense of competence in parenting. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A city in the middle of Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Somali-born parents (n=120) with children aged 11-16 years and self-perceived stress in their parenting were randomised to an intervention group (n=60) or a waiting-list control group (n=60)...
December 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216876/refugees-experiences-of-healthcare-in-the-host-country-a-scoping-review
#12
Elisabeth Mangrio, Katarina Sjögren Forss
BACKGROUND: During the last years, Europe experienced an increase in immigration due to a variety of worldwide wars and conflicts, which in turn resulted in a greater number of physical and mental health issues present among the refugees. These factors place high demands not only on the refugees, but also on healthcare professionals who meet the refugees in different situations. Information about the refugees' experiences of the healthcare systems in their host countries is urgently needed to improve the quality of healthcare delivered, as well as to provide opportunities for better access...
December 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209931/co-morbid-non-communicable-diseases-and-associated-health-service-use-in-african-and-caribbean-immigrants-with-hiv
#13
Khatundi-Irene Masindi, Nathaniel Jembere, Claire E Kendall, Ann N Burchell, Ahmed M Bayoumi, Mona Loutfy, Janet Raboud, Sean B Rourke, Henry Luyombya, Tony Antoniou
We sought to characterize non-communicable disease (NCD)-related and overall health service use among African and Caribbean immigrants living with HIV between April 1, 2010 and March 31, 2013. We conducted two population-based analyses using Ontario's linked administrative health databases. We studied 1525 persons with HIV originally from Africa and the Caribbean. Compared with non-immigrants with HIV (n = 11,931), African and Caribbean immigrants had lower rates of hospital admissions, emergency department visits and non-HIV specific ambulatory care visits, and higher rates of health service use for hypertension and diabetes...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202096/trafficking-of-vietnamese-women-and-girls-for-marriage-in-china
#14
Heidi Stöckl, Ligia Kiss, Jobst Koehler, Dung Thuy Dong, Cathy Zimmerman
Background: Bride-trafficking has been a growing phenomenon in Southeast Asia, particularly in China, where one-child policies have resulted in demographic imbalances favoring males. Yet, empirical evidence about women and girls sold into marriage in China remains sparse. Methods: This study describes the experiences of 51 Vietnamese women and girls as young as 14 in post-trafficking services who were sold into marriage in China. A consecutive sample of individuals from five services in Vietnam were invited to be interviewed within the first 2 weeks of admission...
2017: Global health research and policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185352/psychological-distress-and-unmet-mental-health-needs-among-urban-taxi-drivers-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Sandra Davidson, Greg Wadley, Nicola Reavley, Jane Gunn, Susan Fletcher
OBJECTIVES: The taxi industry relies on a male-dominated, predominately immigrant workforce who face multiple risk factors for poor mental health including shift work, low pay and threats of violence. Despite these risk factors, no previous study has documented the prevalence of psychological distress in the taxi industry. We investigated psychological distress among urban taxi drivers and explored the factors associated with high levels of distress. METHOD: A total of 380 taxi drivers were surveyed at the Melbourne Airport holding yard between September 2016 and March 2017...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183223/-just-as-canadian-as-anyone-else-experiences-of-second-class-citizenship-and-the-mental-health-of-young-immigrant-and-refugee-men-in-canada
#16
Carla T Hilario, John L Oliffe, Josephine P Wong, Annette J Browne, Joy L Johnson
In recet years, the experiences of immigrant and refugee young men have drawn attention worldwide. Human-induced environmental disasters, local and global conflicts, and increasingly inequitable distributions of wealth have shaped transnational migration patterns. Canada is home to a large immigrant and refugee population, particularly in its urban areas, and supporting the mental health and well-being of these communities is of critical importance. The aim of this article is to report findings from a qualitative study on the social context of mental health among immigrant and refugee young men, with a focus on their migration and resettlement experiences...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180867/immigration-related-mental-health-disorders-in-refugees-5-18-years-old-living-in-turkey
#17
Şermin Yalın Sapmaz, Bengisu Uzel Tanrıverdi, Masum Öztürk, Özge Gözaçanlar, Gülsüm Yörük Ülker, Yekta Özkan
Purpose: This study assessed early-onset psychiatric disorders and factors related to these disorders in a group of refugee children after immigration due to war. Materials and methods: This study was conducted between January 2016 and June 2016. Clinical interviews were conducted with 89 children and their families, and were performed by native speakers of Arabic and Persian who had been primarily educated in these languages and were living in Turkey. A strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) that had Arabic and Persian validity and reliability was applied to both children and their families...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147950/mental-health-consultation-among-ontario-s-immigrant-populations
#18
Farah Islam, Nazilla Khanlou, Alison Macpherson, Hala Tamim
To determine the prevalence rates and characteristics of past-year mental health consultation for Ontario's adult (18 + years old) immigrant populations. The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2012 was used to calculate the prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation by service provider type. Characteristics associated with mental health consultation were determined by carrying out multivariable logistic regression analysis on merged CCHS 2008-2012 data. Adult immigrant populations in Ontario (n = 3995) had lower estimated prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation across all service provider types compared to Canadian-born populations (n = 14,644)...
November 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147063/nativity-race-ethnicity-and-dual-diagnosis-among-us-adults
#19
Magdalena Szaflarski, Shawn Bauldry, Lisa A Cubbins, Karthikeyan Meganathan
Purpose: This study investigated disparities in dual diagnosis (comorbid substance-use and depressive/anxiety disorders) among US adults by nativity and racial-ethnic origin and socioeconomic, cultural, and psychosocial factors that may account for the observed disparities. Design/methodology: The study drew on data from two waves of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Racial-ethnic categories included African, Asian/Pacific Islander, European, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
2017: Research in the Sociology of Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139024/immigrant-trauma-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-latino-youth
#20
Sean D Cleary, Ryan Snead, Daniela Dietz-Chavez, Ivonne Rivera, Mark C Edberg
While research has demonstrated an association between trauma and mental health, this study examined the association between trauma experienced premigration, during migration, and postmigration, and current mental health status among Latino youth aged 12-17 years old living in the US for < 3 years. Participants reported traumatic events experienced in their home country, during migration, and after settling in the US. Regression models examined trauma experienced at each stage of the migration process predicting current levels of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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