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Immigrant mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147950/mental-health-consultation-among-ontario-s-immigrant-populations
#1
Farah Islam, Nazilla Khanlou, Alison Macpherson, Hala Tamim
To determine the prevalence rates and characteristics of past-year mental health consultation for Ontario's adult (18 + years old) immigrant populations. The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2012 was used to calculate the prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation by service provider type. Characteristics associated with mental health consultation were determined by carrying out multivariable logistic regression analysis on merged CCHS 2008-2012 data. Adult immigrant populations in Ontario (n = 3995) had lower estimated prevalence rates of past-year mental health consultation across all service provider types compared to Canadian-born populations (n = 14,644)...
November 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147063/nativity-race-ethnicity-and-dual-diagnosis-among-us-adults
#2
Magdalena Szaflarski, Shawn Bauldry, Lisa A Cubbins, Karthikeyan Meganathan
Purpose: This study investigated disparities in dual diagnosis (comorbid substance-use and depressive/anxiety disorders) among US adults by nativity and racial-ethnic origin and socioeconomic, cultural, and psychosocial factors that may account for the observed disparities. Design/methodology: The study drew on data from two waves of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Racial-ethnic categories included African, Asian/Pacific Islander, European, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
2017: Research in the Sociology of Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139024/immigrant-trauma-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-latino-youth
#3
Sean D Cleary, Ryan Snead, Daniela Dietz-Chavez, Ivonne Rivera, Mark C Edberg
While research has demonstrated an association between trauma and mental health, this study examined the association between trauma experienced premigration, during migration, and postmigration, and current mental health status among Latino youth aged 12-17 years old living in the US for < 3 years. Participants reported traumatic events experienced in their home country, during migration, and after settling in the US. Regression models examined trauma experienced at each stage of the migration process predicting current levels of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134922/exploring-the-relationship-between-postmigratory-stressors-and-mental-health-for-asylum-seekers-and-refused-asylum-seekers-in-the-uk
#4
Gareth Morgan, Steve Melluish, Alice Welham
Numerous studies have linked the high rates of traumatic events experienced by refugees to the elevated rate of mental health problems in these populations. A growing body of evidence has also highlighted the importance of considering postmigratory stressors when making sense of displaced person distress. This study explored the relationship between mental health and postmigratory stress for asylum seekers and refused asylum seekers in Britain. The study further examined if those refused asylum experienced elevated distress and postmigratory stress compared to those awaiting the outcome of asylum applications...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134545/violence-exposure-and-psychopathology-in-latino-youth-the-moderating-role-of-active-and-avoidant-coping
#5
Omar G Gudiño, Allison A Stiles, Kathleen I Diaz
Despite high rates of exposure to community violence among Latino youth in urban communities, there is considerable variability in individual outcomes. This study examined (a) associations between coping and indices of Latino culture, (b) main effects of active/avoidant coping on psychopathology, and (c) whether coping moderates the impact of violence exposure on mental health in Latino youth. Participants included 168 Latino youth (56% female; ages 11-14) that took part in a short-term longitudinal study. Results indicate that youth acculturation was positively associated with active coping, but enculturation level and immigrant status were not associated with coping...
November 13, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120306/migration-and-social-determinants-of-mental-health-results-from-the-canadian-health-measures-survey
#6
Bukola Salami, Maryna Yaskina, Kathleen Hegadoren, Esperanza Diaz, Salima Meherali, Anu Rammohan, Yoav Ben-Shlomo
OBJECTIVES: Studies worldwide point to increased risk of mental health problems among immigrants. However, the data on Canadian immigrants' mental health are ambiguous. To address this, we examined the relationship of both self-perceived mental health and reported diagnosis of mood disorders with age, gender, migration status, time since migration, and social determinants of health factors. METHODS: We analyzed three cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117704/an-integrated-approach-to-bias-in-a-longitudinal-survey-in-the-united-kingdom-assessing-construct-method-and-item-bias-in-the-general-health-questionnaire-ghq-12
#7
Isabel Benítez, Byron G Adams, Jia He
Construct, method, and item bias are three levels of measurement bias (i.e., internal bias) essential for valid group comparisons. While many studies often focus on only one level of bias, an integrated perspective on bias is still missing, especially in longitudinal designs. The aim of this study is to address bias in an integrated manner, using four waves of data in the U.K. Longitudinal Household Panel Survey. Responses to the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) from natives and two generations of immigrants were used to analyze the three levels of bias...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115201/reliability-concurrent-validity-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-geriatric-depression-scale-and-the-geriatric-anxiety-inventory-for-detecting-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-older-chinese-immigrants-an-australian-study
#8
Briony Dow, Xiaoping Lin, Nancy A Pachana, Christina Bryant, Dina LoGiudice, Anita M Y Goh, Betty Haralambous
BACKGROUND: Older Chinese people are one of the largest and fastest growing immigrant groups in Western countries. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) are screening tools that have been specifically designed for older people. This study explored their validity, concurrent reliability, and cultural appropriateness for detecting depression and anxiety symptoms among older Chinese immigrants living in Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: A total of 87 Chinese people were recruited from Chinese senior groups...
November 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096131/winter-birth-urbanicity-and-immigrant-status-predict-psychometric-schizotypy-dimensions-in-adolescents
#9
D Mimarakis, T Roumeliotaki, P Roussos, S G Giakoumaki, P Bitsios
BACKGROUND: Urbanicity, immigration and winter-birth are stable epidemiological risk factors for schizophrenia, but their relationship to schizotypy is unknown. This is a first examination of the association of these epidemiological risk factors with positive schizotypy, in nonclinical adolescents, controlling for a range of potential and known confounders. METHODS: We collected socio-demographics, life-style, family and school circumstances, positive schizotypy dimensions and other personality traits from 445 high school pupils (192 males, 158 immigrants) from 9 municipalities in Athens and Heraklion, Greece, which covered a range of host population and migrant densities...
September 18, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077997/-one-scar-too-many-the-associations-between-traumatic-events-and-psychological-distress-among-undocumented-mexican-immigrants
#10
Luz M Garcini, Juan M Peña, Angela P Gutierrez, Christopher P Fagundes, Hector Lemus, Suzanne Lindsay, Elizabeth A Klonoff
Undocumented immigration often presents with multiple stressors and contextual challenges, which may diminish mental health. This study is the first to provide population-based estimates for the prevalence of traumatic events and its association to clinically significant psychological distress among undocumented Mexican immigrants in the United States. This cross-sectional study used respondent-driven sampling to obtain and analyze data from clinical interviews with 248 undocumented Mexican immigrants residing in high-risk neighborhoods near the California-Mexico border...
October 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076955/knowledge-and-preferences-regarding-antidepressant-medication-among-depressed-latino-patients-in-primary-care
#11
Bonnie L Green, Maria Rosa Watson, Stacey I Kaltman, Adriana Serrano, Nicholas Talisman, Laura Kirkpatrick, Marcela Campoli
US Latinos are less likely to utilize mental health services than non-Latino whites and to take antidepressant medications. This mixed-method study followed a subset (N = 28) of a research sample of depressed Latino immigrant primary care patients, who took depression medication, with a telephone interview to study their knowledge about and experiences with antidepressant medications. Most (82%) reported taking medication for 2 months or more, and 75% reported feeling better, whereas more than half reported side effects...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071455/assessment-of-significant-psychological-distress-at-the-end-of-pregnancy-and-associated-factors
#12
L Lorén-Guerrero, A Gascón-Catalán, D Pasierb, M A Romero-Cardiel
The aim of this study is to study the prevalence of mental distress at the end of pregnancy and after birth and the impact of selected socio-demographic and obstetric factors. This is a cross-sectional study. The sample is consisted of 351 puerperal women at the age of 18 and over. Sociodemographic, obstetric variables were collected to detect significant psychological distress; the instrument used was General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). Logistic multivariable regressions were used to investigate associations...
October 25, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023134/a-systematic-review-of-correlates-of-depression-among-older-chinese-and-korean-immigrants-what-we-know-and-do-not-know
#13
Man Guo, Meredith Stensland
OBJECTIVES: Guided by the stress and coping theory, this study provides a systematic review of existing research on acculutration, family support, and social support related correlates of depression among older Chinese and Korean immigrants in the United States. METHOD: A comprehensive literature search was conducted in CINAHL Plus, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, AgeLine, Social Work Abstracts, PubMed, PsychINFO, and Social Science Citation Index databases to identify relevant articles that presented multivariate analysis results...
October 12, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990293/stigma-of-mental-illness-and-substance-misuse-in-sub-saharan-african-migrants-a-qualitative-study
#14
Terence V McCann, Andre Renzaho, Janette Mugavin, Dan I Lubman
Stigma of mental illness and substance misuse can deter help seeking, especially in immigrants who are often reluctant to seek help early for these issues. The aim of the present study was to explore the stigma experience surrounding mental illness and substance misuse, and its implications for improving help seeking, for youths and parents from sub-Saharan African immigrant communities. A qualitative, descriptive design was used. Individual interviews were undertaken with 28 youths, and focus group discussions were held with 41 parents and community leaders in Melbourne, Australia...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988283/determinants-of-child-attachment-in-the-years-postpartum-in-a-high-risk-sample-of-immigrant-women
#15
Vanessa Lecompte, Cécile Rousseau
Our goal was to examine maternal mental health and associated stresses in a sample of high-risk immigrant mothers, and its association with child insecure attachment in the years following childbirth. Mothers and their child (Mage = 37 months) were recruited through a Health and Social Service organization in the Parc-Extension neighborhood in Montreal, Quebec. Mothers completed the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist (HSCL-25), the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MPSS) and a sociodemographic questionnaire that included questions on premature delivery and birth weight...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987212/depression-among-arab-american-and-arab-immigrant-women-in-the-united-states
#16
Nadia N Abuelezam, Holly B Fontenot
The difficult and tense political climate Arab populations are currently facing may be exacerbating mental health issues, reducing forms of social support in friend circles, and decreasing the desire to seek health care. There is room to better understand the mental health needs of Arab women residing in the United States and to develop policies and interventions that keep these women safe and in care. This column reviews two recent studies; the first examines barriers to reporting intimate partner violence and depression among Arab American women and the second highlights stressors and social support for Arab women immigrants throughout their immigration experience...
October 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984482/public-library-staff-as-community-health-partners-training-program-design-and-evaluation
#17
Anna U Morgan, Bernadette A D'Alonzo, Roxanne Dupuis, Eliza D Whiteman, Stacey Kallem, Autumn McClintock, Joel A Fein, Heather Klusaritz, Carolyn C Cannuscio
Public libraries are free and open to all-and accessed at high rates by vulnerable populations-which positions them to be key public health allies. However, library staff themselves often feel ill-equipped to address the health and social concerns of their patrons. To fill this gap, we developed a case-based training curriculum to help library staff recognize, engage, and refer vulnerable patrons to appropriate resources. Topics addressed in the training, including homelessness, mental health and substance use disorders, immigration, and trauma, were selected based on findings from a prior community needs assessment...
October 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976977/children-bereaved-by-fatal-intimate-partner-violence-a-population-based-study-into-demographics-family-characteristics-and-homicide-exposure
#18
Eva Alisic, Arend Groot, Hanneke Snetselaar, Tielke Stroeken, Elise van de Putte
BACKGROUND: In the context of violence against women, intimate partner homicide increasingly receives research and policy attention. Although the impact of losing a parent due to intimate partner homicide is intuitively obvious, little is known about the children involved. We aimed to identify all children bereaved by parental intimate partner homicide in the Netherlands in the period 2003-2012, describe their demographics and family circumstances, and assess their exposure to prior violence at home and to the homicide itself...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972813/variants-of-psychopathy-and-the-dependence-on-gender-age-and-ethnic-background
#19
Wendy Zwaanswijk, Mitch van Geel, Henrik Andershed, Kostas A Fanti, Paul Vedder
The current study examines variants of psychopathy in a community sample of Dutch adolescents (N = 2,855, 57% male) using three dimensions of psychopathy and trait anxiety. Five subgroups were identified, two with high levels of psychopathic traits. The first seemed consistent with primary psychopathy, high on all dimensions, with additional low levels of anxiety, whereas the second showed elevated levels of anxiety, consistent with secondary psychopathy. Two variants low on psychopathic traits were identified: a low-risk variant and an anxious variant...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956948/mental-disorders-among-undocumented-mexican-immigrants-in-high-risk-neighborhoods-prevalence-comorbidity-and-vulnerabilities
#20
Luz M Garcini, Juan M Peña, Thania Galvan, Christopher P Fagundes, Vanessa Malcarne, Elizabeth A Klonoff
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to: (a) provide population-based estimates for the prevalence of mental disorders, including substance use, among undocumented Mexican immigrants; (b) assess for relevant comorbidities; and (c) identify sociodemographic, immigration and contextual vulnerabilities associated with meeting criteria for a disorder. METHOD: This cross-sectional study used Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) to collect and analyze data from clinical interviews with 248 undocumented Mexican immigrants residing near the California-Mexico border...
October 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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