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Immigrant mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929728/-undocumented-immigrants-what-do-we-know-about-their-health
#1
Giovanni Baglio, Raffaele Di Palma, Erica Eugeni, Antonio Fortino
In Italy, immigrants represent a "fuzzy" set, to which it is difficult to apply dichotomous categories as a classification (i.e., regular/irregular, economic/forced, etcetera). These categories lose its meaning when used to study health phenomena. Rather, the epidemiological profile of such a heterogeneous population depends on the varying influence of health determinants in the life-course of migration. This article builds on those assumptions, and analyses the health of irregularly- staying immigrants by adopting a global approach to the migration phenomenon...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929725/-perceived-discrimination-at-work-for-being-an-immigrant-a-study-on-self-perceived-mental-health-status-among-immigrants-in-italy
#2
Anteo Di Napoli, Rosaria Gatta, Alessandra Rossi, Monica Perez, Gianfranco Costanzo, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
BACKGROUND: exposure to discrimination is widely understood as a social determinant of psychophysical health and a contributing factor to health inequities among social groups. Few studies exist, particularly in Italy, about the effects of discrimination among immigrants at workplace. OBJECTIVES: to analyse the association between perceived discrimination at work for being an immigrant and mental health status among immigrants in Italy. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: a sub-sample of 12,408 immigrants residing in Italy was analysed...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929722/-self-perceived-health-status-among-immigrants-in-italy
#3
Alessio Petrelli, Anteo Di Napoli, Alessandra Rossi, Lidia Gargiulo, Concetta Mirisola, Gianfranco Costanzo
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate self-perceived health status of immigrants in Italy. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative national samples of the multipurpose surveys "Health conditions and use of health services" conducted in 2005 and 2013 by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on the age group of 18-64: No. 80,661 in 2005, among which 3.2% were immigrants, and No...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922319/disparities-in-access-to-care-in-marginalized-populations
#4
Elizabeth A Silberholz, Nicola Brodie, Nancy D Spector, Amy E Pattishall
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article reviews recent literature related to three groups whose health is affected by barriers to the healthcare system: refugee and immigrant populations; youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, or questioning; and those with mental health problems. RECENT FINDINGS: Refugee and immigrant populations are increasing worldwide, and recent work has focused on improving their access to mental, dental, and preventive care...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916949/the-latina-birth-weight-paradox-the-role-of-subjective-social-status
#5
Jill Fleuriet, Thankam Sunil
The purpose of this project was to quantitatively test differences in subjective social status scores between non-pregnant and pregnant women to determine the role of subjective social status in birth weight variation between Mexico-born and US-born Mexican-American women. Six hundred low-income pregnant and non-pregnant Mexican immigrant and Mexican-American women in south Texas were surveyed for subjective social status, depression, perceived social stress, parity, and pregnancy intendedness. Psychosocial health variables, parity, and pregnancy intendedness were included due to their significant associations with low birth weight...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906167/-it-s-totally-destroyed-our-life-exploring-the-pathways-and-mechanisms-between-precarious-employment-and-health-and-well-being-among-immigrant-men-and-women-in-toronto
#6
Stephanie Premji
Precarious employment is rapidly growing, but qualitative data on pathways to and mechanisms for health and well-being is lacking. This article describes the cumulative and intersecting micro-level pathways and mechanisms between precarious employment and health among immigrant men and women in Toronto. It draws on semi-structured interviews conducted in 2014 with 15 women and 12 men from 11 countries of origin. The article describes how precarious employment, conceptualized by workers as encompassing powerlessness, economic insecurity, work for multiple employers, nonstandard and unpredictable schedules, hazardous working conditions, and lack of benefits and protections, negatively impacts workers' physical and mental health as well as that of their spouses or partners and children...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895918/trauma-affecting-asian-pacific-islanders-in-the-san-francisco-bay-area
#7
Pollie Bith-Melander, Nagia Chowdhury, Charulata Jindal, Jimmy T Efird
Trauma is a transgenerational process that overwhelms the community and the ability of family members to cope with life stressors. An anthropologist trained in ethnographic methods observed three focus groups from a non-profit agency providing trauma and mental health services to Asian Americans living in the San Francisco Bay Area of United States. Supplemental information also was collected from staff interviews and notes. Many of the clients were immigrants, refugees, or adult children of these groups. This report consisted of authentic observations and rich qualitative information to characterize the impact of trauma on refugees and immigrants...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888489/mental-health-and-quality-of-life-among-spanish-born-and-immigrant-children-in-years-2006-and-2012
#8
Nazaret Alonso-Fernández, Rodrigo Jiménez-García, Leticia Alonso-Fernández, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Domingo Palacios-Ceña
BACKGROUND: One of every five children and adolescents in the European Union suffers from behavioural, and emotional disturbances. OBJECTIVES: To compare factors associated with the quality of life and mental health of immigrant and Spanish children aged 4-14years both during the years 2006 and 2012 and to evaluate changes over this time period. DESIGN AND METHODS: An epidemiologic age and sex matched case-control study (1:2) was conducted...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888151/evaluation-of-the-ac-ok-mental-health-and-substance-abuse-screening-measure-in-an-international-sample-of-latino-immigrants
#9
Ligia M Chavez, Patrick E Shrout, Ye Wang, Francisco Collazos, Rodrigo Carmona, Margarita Alegría
BACKGROUND: Early detection and intervention in primary care is integral to behavioral health. Valid, practical screening assessments are scarce, particularly for non-English speaking populations. We address this need by evaluating the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the AC-OK Screen for Co-occurring Disorders for first and second generation immigrant Latinos in Massachusetts, USA, and Madrid and Barcelona, Spain. METHODS: 567 Latino participants were recruited in waiting areas of clinics or by referral from Primary Care, Mental Health, Substance Use, and HIV Treatment Clinics, as well as Community Agencies...
August 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875414/legal-status-time-in-the-usa-and-the-well-being-of-latinos-in-los-angeles
#10
Maria-Elena De Trinidad Young, Anne R Pebley
In the USA, undocumented Latino immigrants may have poorer health because of barriers to health care, stressors, and detrimental effects of immigration enforcement. Previous immigrant health research, however, suggests that recently arrived Latino immigrants have better health than US-born Latinos and their health deteriorates over time. Given the current environments that undocumented immigrants face, legal status is a structural factor that likely influences the patterns of immigrant health. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the extent to which physical and mental health differed by legal status and duration in the USA for the Latino population in Los Angeles County, California...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870195/a-qualitative-study-of-filipina-immigrants-stress-distress-and-coping-the-impact-of-their-multiple-transnational-roles-as-women
#11
Melanie L Straiton, Heloise Marie L Ledesma, Tam T Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Migration is associated with a number of stress factors which can affect mental health. Ethnicity, gender and socioeconomic status can intertwine with and influence the process of migration and mental health. Philippine migration to Europe has increased in recent years and has become more feminised. Knowing more about the factors that influence immigrants' mental health and coping can help aid health care delivery and policy planning. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the contextual factors that influence the mental health of Filipinas living in Norway and their coping strategies...
September 5, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860206/protecting-unauthorized-immigrant-mothers-improves-their-children-s-mental-health
#12
Jens Hainmueller, Duncan Lawrence, Linna Martén, Bernard Black, Lucila Figueroa, Michael Hotard, Tomás R Jiménez, Fernando Mendoza, Maria I Rodriguez, Jonas J Swartz, David D Laitin
The United States is embroiled in a debate about whether to protect or deport its estimated 11 million unauthorized immigrants, but the fact that these immigrants are also parents to more than 4 million U.S.-born children is often overlooked. We provide causal evidence of the impact of parents' unauthorized immigration status on the health of their U.S. citizen children. The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program granted temporary protection from deportation to more than 780,000 unauthorized immigrants...
August 31, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856385/incidence-and-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-among-immigrants-and-native-finns-a-register-based-study
#13
Niina Markkula, Venla Lehti, Mika Gissler, Jaana Suvisaari
PURPOSE: Migrants appear to have a higher risk of mental disorders, but findings vary across country settings and migrant groups. We aimed to assess incidence and prevalence of mental disorders among immigrants and Finnish-born controls in a register-based cohort study. METHODS: A register-based cohort study of 184.806 immigrants and 185.184 Finnish-born controls (1.412.117 person-years) was conducted. Information on mental disorders according to ICD-10 was retrieved from the Hospital Discharge Register, which covers all public health care use...
August 30, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854860/predictors-of-positive-mental-health-among-refugees-results-from-canada-s-general-social-survey
#14
Morton Beiser, Feng Hou
Do refugees have lower levels of positive mental health than other migrants? If so, to what extent is this attributable to post-migration experiences, including discrimination? How does gender affect the relationships between post-migration experience and positive mental health? To address these questions, the current study uses data from Statistics Canada's 2013 General Social Survey (GSS), a nationally representative household study that included 27,695 Canadians 15 years of age and older. The study compares self-reported positive mental health among 651 refugees, 309 economic immigrants, and 448 family class immigrants from 50 source countries...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852903/contextual-factors-related-to-conventional-and-traditional-tobacco-use-among-california-asian-indian-immigrants
#15
Minal Patel, Ritesh Mistry, Annette E Maxwell, Hozefa A Divan, William J McCarthy
California's tobacco control program contracted for tobacco use surveillance of Asian Indian Americans to address the paucity of information about tobacco use in this community, given their growing proportion of California's population. This study examined correlates of conventional (CTU) and Asian Indian traditional tobacco use (TTU) in a population-based sample of predominantly immigrant Asian Indian adults residing in California (N = 3228). The analytic sample (n = 2140) was limited to self-identified immigrants from India...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845455/immigrant-based-disparities-in-mental-health-care-utilization
#16
Shawn Bauldry, Magdalena Szaflarski
Studies of immigrant-based disparities in mental health care have been limited by small sample sizes and a lack of measures of different dimensions of acculturation. This study draws on the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions to address these limitations. Results indicate first-generation immigrants have lower rates of utilization for both mood and anxiety disorders. Nativity-based disparities in treatment are particularly notable among people from African and Hispanic origins, while there is little evidence of disparities among people from European origins...
January 2017: Socius
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831628/patients-mental-health-journeys-a-qualitative-case-study-with-interactive-computer-assisted-client-assessment-survey-icass
#17
Manuela Ferrari, Yogendra Shakya, Cliff Ledwos, Kwame McKenzie, Farah Ahmad
Despite growing concerns about common mental disorders (CMDs), challenges persist in accessing timely and appropriate care, especially for immigrant, refugee, racialized and low-income groups. Partnering with a community health centre serving these populations in Toronto, we examined the Interactive Computer-assisted Client Assessment Survey (iCCAS) that screens for CMDs (depression, generalized anxiety, post-traumatic stress, and alcohol overuse) and related social factors. In this case study design with embedded units, we explored the mental health care journeys of patients who screened positive for a CMD...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827862/mental-well-being-of-migrants-in-urban-center-of-india-analyzing-the-role-of-social-environment
#18
Ghuncha Firdaus
BACKGROUND: Rural to urban migration has become a salient feature of the country. However, there is a dearth of study highlighting impact of this movement on mental health of the migrant people. AIMS: The main objective of the present study was to examine the relationship between specific components of social environment and psychological well-being of migrants in an urban center. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The National Capital Territory of Delhi was selected for intensive study and has an exploratory design supported by cross-sectional primary data...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817317/living-outside-the-gender-box-in-mexico-testimony-of-transgender-mexican-asylum-seekers
#19
Marshall K Cheney, Mary J Gowin, E Laurette Taylor, Melissa Frey, Jamie Dunnington, Ghadah Alshuwaiyer, J Kathleen Huber, Mary Camero Garcia, Grady C Wray
OBJECTIVES: To explore preimmigration experiences of violence and postimmigration health status in male-to-female transgender individuals (n = 45) from Mexico applying for asylum in the United States. METHODS: We used a document review process to examine asylum declarations and psychological evaluations of transgender Mexican asylum seekers in the United States from 2012. We coded documents in 2013 and 2014 using NVivo, a multidisciplinary team reviewed them, and then we analyzed them for themes...
October 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812377/a-cross-sectional-study-of-coping-resources-and-mental-health-of-chinese-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#20
Man Guo, Nadia Sabbagh Steinberg, Xinqi Dong, Agnes Tiwari
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the potential influence of coping resources at individual (sense of mastery), family (spousal and family support, children's filial piety), and community levels (community cohesion) on the mental health (depression, anxiety) of U.S. Chinese older adults. METHODS: The data were derived from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (N= 3,159). Negative binomial regressions were performed to predict depression and anxiety, respectively, by entering the three sets of coping resources separately and jointly, controlling for socio-demographic and acculturation variables...
August 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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