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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515209/for-a-healthier-future-a-virtuous-cycle-for-reducing-exposure-to-persistent-organic-pollutants
#1
REVIEW
Chisato Mori, Emiko Todaka
In the modern society, people are exposed to various pollutants during their lifetime. Worldwide, the status of children's health has changed in recent decades. Some studies have attempted to identify the causes of these changes and whether they relate to pollutant exposure; however, such attempts have faced major challenges because human life is complex, involving many social and environmental factors. Several long-term cohort studies are being conducted to determine the relationship between diseases and social and environmental factors in children...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513819/sun-exposure-sun-protection-and-sunburn-among-canadian-adults
#2
Lauren Pinault, Vitali Fioletov
BACKGROUND: Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure and a history of sunburn are important risk factors for skin cancer. Sunburn is more common among men, younger age groups, and people in higher income households. Sun protection measures also vary by sex, age, and socioeconomic characteristics. Associations between ambient UVR and sunburn and sun safety measures have not been quantified. DATA AND METHODS: A total of 53,130 respondents aged 18 or older answered a Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) module on sun safety, which was administered in six provinces from 2005 to 2014...
May 17, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508954/-perceived-risks-of-food-contaminants
#3
REVIEW
Severine Koch, Mark Lohmann, Astrid Epp, Gaby-Fleur Böl
BACKGROUND: Food contaminants can pose a serious health threat. In order to carry out adequate risk communication measures, the subjective risk perception of the public must be taken into account. In this context, the breadth of the topic and insufficient terminological delimitations from residues and food additives make an elaborate explanation of the topic to consumers indispensable. A representative population survey used language adequate for lay people and a clear definition of contaminants to measure risk perceptions with regard to food contaminants among the general public...
May 16, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501479/risk-factors-for-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-in-patients-with-surgically-treated-traumatic-injuries-attending-hand-therapy
#4
Serpil Savaş, Esra Erkol İnal, Dudu Dilek Yavuz, Fuat Uslusoy, Selman Hakkı Altuntaş, Mustafa Asım Aydın
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. INTRODUCTION: Identification of risk factors for CRPS development in patients with surgically treated traumatic injuries attending hand therapy allows to watch at-risk patients more closely for early diagnosis and to take precautionary measures as required. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for the development of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) after surgical treatment of traumatic hand injuries...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498095/risk-factors-for-development-of-postoperative-cerebellar-mutism-syndrome-in-children-after-medulloblastoma-surgery
#5
San Y C V Pols, Marie Lise C van Veelen, Femke K Aarsen, Antonia Gonzalez Candel, Coriene E Catsman-Berrevoets
OBJECTIVE Postoperative cerebellar mutism syndrome (pCMS) occurs in 7%-50% of children after cerebellar tumor surgery. Typical features include a latent onset of 1-2 days after surgery, transient mutism, emotional lability, and a wide variety of motor and neurobehavioral abnormalities. Sequelae of this syndrome usually persist long term. The principal causal factor is bilateral surgical damage (regardless of tumor location) to any component of the proximal efferent cerebellar pathway, which leads to temporary dysfunction of cerebral cortical regions as a result of diaschisis...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490489/single-negative-van-qpcr-on-enrichment-broth-can-replace-five-rectal-swab-cultures-for-the-screening-of-vancomycin-resistent-enterococci
#6
J M Fonville, C M C van Herk, P H A C Das, J H B van de Bovenkamp, L van Dommelen
The increased incidence of vancomycin resistant Enterococcus spp. (VRE) causes an accumulation of patients that are either VRE-colonized or flagged as potentially VRE-colonized. Since such patients require precautionary isolation upon admission to a hospital, rapid methods to establish VRE-colonization status would improve patient care and optimize hospital operation. We evaluated van qPCR on one enrichment broth as a VRE-screening approach.We obtained 255 sets of five rectal specimens from 243 patients. The specimens were cultured using an amoxicillin-containing enrichment broth...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487877/preoperative-fasting-among-adult-patients-for-elective-surgery-in-a-kenyan-referral-hospital
#7
George Njoroge, Lucy Kivuti-Bitok, Samuel Kimani
Background. Preoperative fasting (POF) is physiologically and precautionary important during anesthesia and surgery. POF from midnight has been practiced despite the recommended shorter practice. Objective. Assessing preoperative fasting among adult patients scheduled for elective surgery at Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH). Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional study involving 65 surgical patients. A questionnaire of mixed questions on demographics, reasons, source of instructions, opinion on instructions, time, premedication practices, outcome, and complains on NPO was used...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483818/newborn-infants-with-bilious-vomiting-a-national-audit-of-neonatal-transport-services
#8
Shalini Ojha, Laura Sand, Nandiran Ratnavel, Stephen Terence Kempley, Ajay Kumar Sinha, Syed Mohinuddin, Helen Budge, Andrew Leslie
OBJECTIVE: The precautionary approach to urgently investigate infants with bilious vomiting has increased the numbers referred to transport teams and tertiary surgical centres. The aim of this national UK audit was to quantify referrals and determine the frequency of surgical diagnoses with the purpose to inform the consequent inclusion of these referrals in the national 'time-critical' data set. METHODS: A prospective, multicentre UK-wide audit was conducted between 1 August, 2015 and 31 October, 2015...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454198/-no-magic-bullet-genetic-diagnostics-and-predictive-testing
#9
Heiko Witt
The enormous increase in knowledge about the genetic basis of human diseases, combined with the rapid development of genetic techniques, has led to the possible use of genetic tests in medical diagnostics to a degree previously unknown. In addition, predictive genetic diagnostics has the aim of identifying hereditary disease risks in healthy individuals in order to take precautionary measures. However, the assessment of genetic findings is still subject to numerous problems. In particular, in the case of disease prediction, only probability statements can be made since endogenous and exogenous factors influence the penetrance and expressivity of genetically determined diseases...
May 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451477/knowledge-and-attitude-about-sexually-transmitted-infections-amongst-truck-drivers-in-southern-punjab-pakistan
#10
Rizwan Ishtiaq, Ammar Asif, Abdur Rehman Jamil, Areba Irfan, Daniyal Ishtiaq
INTRODUCTION: There is very limited knowledge about sexually transmitted infections (STIs) transmission and prevention present amongst high-risk groups such as truck drivers in Pakistan because of lack of awareness and understanding about barrier techniques. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to collect and access the data gathered from truck drivers about symptoms of STIs, their attitude towards hazards of multiple sexual partners, homosexuality, transmission and consequences of STIs, and their perception about preventing it using condoms and other barrier methods...
March 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441168/a-review-of-caffeine-use-as-a-risk-or-protective-factor-for-women-s-health-and-pregnancy
#11
Amy Peacock, Richard P Mattick, Raimondo Bruno
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a narrative synthesis of recently published studies on caffeine use as a risk or protective factor for health outcomes, with a focus on women's health and pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Based on predominantly observational studies, moderate caffeine intake has been shown to be a protective factor for liver cancer, certain bowel conditions, colorectal cancer, skin cancer, and regular menstrual cycle function. However, heavy consumption is a risk factor for osteoporosis, urinary incontinence, and poorer birth and child developmental outcomes...
April 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419432/a-global-synthesis-of-managing-groundwater-dependent-ecosystems-under-sustainable-groundwater-policy
#12
Melissa M Rohde, Ray Froend, Jeanette Howard
Groundwater is a vital water supply worldwide for people and nature. However, species and ecosystems that depend on groundwater for some or all of their water needs, known as groundwater dependent ecosystems (GDEs), are increasingly becoming threatened worldwide due to growing human water demands. Over the past two decades, the protection and management of GDEs have been incorporated into several water management policy initiatives worldwide including jurisdictions within Australia, the European Union, South Africa, and the United States...
May 2017: Ground Water
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418744/taiwan-s-travel-and-border-health-measures-in-response-to-zika
#13
Li-Li Ho, Yu-Hui Tsai, Wang-Ping Lee, Szu-Tsai Liao, Li-Gin Wu, Yi-Chun Wu
Zika virus has recently emerged as a worldwide public health concern. Travel and border health measures stand as one of the main strategies and frontline defenses in responding to international epidemics. As of October 31, 2016, Taiwan has reported 13 imported cases, 5 of which were detected through routine entry screening and active monitoring at international airports. This article shares Taiwan's disease surveillance activities at designated points of entry and travel and border health measures in response to Zika...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403514/the-precautionary-principle-has-not-been-shown-to-be-incoherent-a-reply-to-peterson
#14
Thomas Boyer-Kassem
In this journal, I have objected to Peterson's 2006 claim that the precautionary principle is an incoherent decision rule. I defend my objections to Peterson's recent replies, and I still claim that the precautionary principle has not been shown to be incoherent.
April 12, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403019/food-labeling-issues-in-patients-with-severe-food-allergies-solving-a-hamlet-like-doubt
#15
Vincenzo Fierro, Francesco Di Girolamo, Valeria Marzano, Lamia Dahdah, Maurizio Mennini
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the laws on labeling in the international community, the difficulties they pose to the food manufacturers to prepare the food labels and the methodologies to determine the concentration of potential allergens in foods. RECENT FINDINGS: European Food Safety Authority and International Life Sciences Institute Europe are evaluating strategies to identify the threshold level of allergen that can trigger a reaction in individuals. The most used techniques to detect the presence of protein in food are Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, polymerase chain reaction and real time polymerase chain reaction...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398835/the-u-k-s-dash-for-gas
#16
Andrew Watterson, William Dinan
The evidence on public health regulation of the unconventional gas extraction (fracking) industry was examined using a rapid evidence assessment of fifteen case studies from multiple countries. They included scientific and academic papers, professional reports, government agency reports, industry and industry-funded reports, and a nongovernment organization report. Each case study review was structured to address strengths and weaknesses of the publication in relation to our research questions. Some case studies emphasized inherent industry short-, medium-, and long-term dangers to public health directly and through global climate change impacts...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397529/controlling-abnormal-joint-movement-inhibits-response-of-osteophyte-formation
#17
Kenji Murata, Takanori Kokubun, Yuri Morishita, Katsuya Onitsuka, Shuhei Fujiwara, Aya Nakajima, Tsutomu Fujino, Kiyomi Takayanagi, Naohiko Kanemura
Objective Osteoarthritis (OA) is induced by accumulated mechanical stress to joints; however, little has been reported regarding the cause among detailed mechanical stress on cartilage degeneration. This study investigated the influence of the control of abnormal joint movement induced by anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in the articular cartilage. Design The animals were divided into 3 experimental groups: CAJM group ( n = 22: controlling abnormal joint movement), ACL-T group ( n = 22: ACL transection or knee anterior instability increased), and INTACT group ( n = 12: no surgery)...
April 1, 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392808/consumer-preferences-for-food-allergen-labeling
#18
Carlo A Marra, Stephanie Harvard, Maja Grubisic, Jessica Galo, Ann Clarke, Susan Elliott, Larry D Lynd
BACKGROUND: Food allergen labeling is an important tool to reduce risk of exposure and prevent anaphylaxis for individuals with food allergies. Health Canada released a Canadian food allergen labeling regulation (2008) and subsequent update (2012) suggesting that research is needed to guide further iterations of the regulation to improve food allergen labeling and reduce risk of exposure. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to examine consumer preferences in food labeling for allergy avoidance and anaphylaxis prevention...
2017: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379321/use-of-psychoactive-medication-in-short-and-long-term-abstainers-from-alcohol
#19
Bertrand Nalpas, Pascal Perney
Aim: To document the use of prescribed psychoactive medicines in France in patients recovering from alcohol use disorders (AUDs). Method: Survey among short- and long-term abstainers attending groups of French self-help associations for AUDs, recording socio-demographic profile, duration of abstinence, prescription of psychoactive medication and attitudes towards that, and whether or not in medical or psychological follow-up for AUD. Result: Five hundred seventy-five abstainers participated...
April 4, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328382/interpreting-and-applying-the-precautionary-principle-a-response-to-open-peer-commentaries-on-the-precautionary-principle-and-the-tolerability-of-blood-transfusion-risks
#20
Koen Kramer, Hans L Zaaijer, Marcel F Verweij
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
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