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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208930/precautionary-measures-for-successful-open-heart-surgery-in-g6pd-deficient-patient-a-case-report
#1
Rupesh Kumar
Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is among the most common enzymatic disorders of red blood cells. Cardiac surgeries on this group of individuals are associated with an additional risk in terms of impaired oxygenation, prolonged ventilation and increased risk of haemolysis. These patients have a very low threshold for haemolysis due to oxidative stress. Many commonly used drugs also predispose the individual for haemolysis when they are subjected to surgery. Here we present a known case of G6PD deficient patient with symptoms of breathlessness for the last nine years who was taken for surgery with pre-planned precautionary measures to avoid unnecessary haemolysis...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207368/the-precautionary-petard-who-should-tolerate-blood-transfusion-risks
#2
Anthony Vernillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207367/is-the-precautionary-principle-a-principle
#3
Carlo Petrini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207364/the-precautionary-principle-and-the-social-institution-of-blood-donation
#4
Cristian Timmermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207363/structural-concerns-for-msm-health-in-revising-the-precautionary-principle
#5
Barry DeCoster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207362/the-precautionary-principle-and-the-tolerability-of-blood-transfusion-risks
#6
Koen Kramer, Hans L Zaaijer, Marcel F Verweij
Tolerance for blood transfusion risks is very low, as evidenced by the implementation of expensive blood tests and the rejection of gay men as blood donors. Is this low risk tolerance supported by the precautionary principle, as defenders of such policies claim? We discuss three constraints on applying (any version of) the precautionary principle and show that respecting these implies tolerating certain risks. Consistency means that the precautionary principle cannot prescribe precautions that it must simultaneously forbid taking, considering the harms they might cause...
March 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207359/being-clear-about-the-precautionary-principle
#7
Peter T Saunders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207358/constraints-on-the-precautionary-principle-and-the-problem-of-uncertainty
#8
Espen D Stabell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207357/precautionary-principle-and-the-problem-of-counterproductivity
#9
Kritika Maheshwari, Lovro Savić
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207356/toward-neo-precaution-a-new-approach-to-applying-the-precautionary-principle-to-public-health
#10
Kumanan Wilson, Katherine Atkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192582/use-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-among-adolescents-status-of-the-evidence-and-public-health-recommendations
#11
Aarti D Kamat, Alison L Van Dyke
Although the prevalence of tobacco smoking has been declining in recent years, the use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) such as of electronic cigarettes, vaporizers, and hookahs has been steadily rising, especially among adolescents. ENDS are not only advertised to children, but their sale via the Internet has made them easily accessible to youth. In general, children perceive ENDS as safe, or at least safer than smoking traditional combustible tobacco products; however, exposure to nicotine may have deleterious effects on the developing brain...
February 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185732/water-resources-management-in-the-urban-agglomeration-of-the-lake-biwa-region-japan-an-ecosystem-services-based-sustainability-assessment
#12
Xiaochen Chen, Yuqing Chen, Toshiyuki Shimizu, Jia Niu, Ken'ichi Nakagami, Xuepeng Qian, Baoju Jia, Jun Nakajima, Ji Han, Jianhua Li
An innovative ecosystem services-based sustainability assessment was conducted in the important urban agglomeration of the Lake Biwa region, Japan, covering the time period from 1950 to 2014. A 22-indicator system was established that was based on the major ecosystem services of Lake Biwa and its water courses, i.e., provisioning services regarding aquatic products and water; regulating services regarding floods and water quality; cultural services regarding recreation and tourism, scientific research, and environmental education; and supporting services regarding biodiversity...
February 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179126/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-mothers-neonates-and-children
#13
Deena H Elsori, Majeda S Hammoud
Vitamin D is produced in response to the exposure of skin to sunlight through UV-B synthesis. It can also be obtained from diet and dietary supplements. Vitamin D is essential for strong bones as it helps to absorb calcium from diet. Vitamin D deficiency mainly occurs if strict vegetarian diet is followed as mostly the source of vitamin D is animal based; therefore, exposure to sunlight is restricted or having dark skin color. Low vitamin D levels results in increased possibility of gestational diabetes among pregnant women, low birth weight and pre-eclampsia in infants, and mothers may suffer bone impairment, osteoporosis, hypocalcaemia, and hypertension...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173851/zika-how-safe-is-india
#14
EDITORIAL
C George Priya Doss, R Siva, B Prabhu Christopher, Chiranjib Chakraborty, Hailong Zhu
Zika virus, which originated from a forest in Uganda, has affected countries in Africa, Latin America and Asia. Most people infected with Zika are asymptomatic and present with clinical manifestations ranging from mild fever to severe neurological disorders. Recent outbreaks in Southeast Asian countries, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has warned pregnant woman to avoid nonessential traveling to 11 Asian countries. Reports about the sexual transmission route of Zika have pushed the World Health Organization to declare it a 'public health emergency'...
January 31, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165522/classification-of-baseline-toxicants-for-qsar-predictions-to-replace-fish-acute-toxicity-studies
#15
Monika Nendza, Martin Müller, Andrea Wenzel
Fish acute toxicity studies are required for environmental hazard and risk assessment of chemicals by national and international legislations such as REACH, the regulations of plant protection products and biocidal products, or the GHS (globally harmonised system) for classification and labelling of chemicals. Alternative methods like QSARs (quantitative structure-activity relationships) can replace many ecotoxicity tests. However, complete substitution of in vivo animal tests by in silico methods may not be realistic...
February 6, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135683/mixture-toxicity-of-six-sulfonamides-and-their-two-transformation-products-to-green-algae-scenedesmus-vacuolatus-and-duckweed-lemna-minor
#16
Anna Białk-Bielińska, Magda Caban, Aleksandra Pieczyńska, Piotr Stepnowski, Stefan Stolte
Since humans and ecosystems are continually exposed to a very complex and permanently changing mixture of chemicals, there is increasing concern in the general public about the potential adverse effects they may cause. Among all "emerging pollutants", pharmaceuticals in particular have raised great environmental concern. For these reasons the aim of our study was to evaluate the mixture toxicity of six antimicrobial sulfonamides (SAs) and their two most commonly identified degradation products - sulfanilic acid (SNA) and sulfanilamide (SN) - to limnic green algae Scenedesmus vacuolatus and duckweed Lemna minor...
January 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125518/a-survey-of-the-opinion-and-experience-of-uk-dentists-part-2-risk-assessment-strategies-and-the-management-of-iatrogenic-trigeminal-nerve-injuries-related-to-dental-implant-surgery
#17
Zehra Yilmaz, Cemal Ucer, Edwin Scher, Jon Suzuki, Tara Renton
BACKGROUND: Dental implant-related iatrogenic injuries are proportionally increasing with dental implant surgery. This study assessed the experience of implant-related trigeminal nerve (TG) injuries among UK dentists. Risk management strategies and management of implant-related inferior alveolar nerve (IAN), mental nerve (MN), and lingual nerve injuries were investigated. METHODS: A survey was distributed among 405 dentists attending an Association of Dental Implantology (ADI) congress, of which 187 completed the survey...
January 25, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105478/the-need-for-strategic-development-of-safety-sciences
#18
Francois Busquet, Thomas Hartung
The practice of risk assessment and regulation of substances has largely developed as a patchwork of circumstantial additions to a nowadays more or less shared international toolbox. The dominant drivers from the US and Europe have pursued remarkably different approaches in the use of these tools for regulation, i.e., a more risk-based approach in the US and a more precautionary approach in Europe. We argue that there is need for scientific developments not only for the tools but also for their application, i...
2017: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101712/herbicides-and-trace-metals-in-urban-waters-in-melbourne-australia-2011-12-concentrations-and-potential-impact
#19
Mayumi Allinson, Pei Zhang, AnhDuyen Bui, Jackie H Myers, Vincent Pettigrove, Gavin Rose, Scott A Salzman, Robert Walters, Graeme Allinson
Urban stormwater samples were collected from five aquatic systems in Melbourne, Australia, on six occasions between October 2011 and March 2012 and tested for 30 herbicides and 14 trace metals. Nineteen different herbicides were observed in one or more water samples from the five sites; chemicals observed at more than 40% of sites were simazine (100%), MCPA (83%), diuron (63%) and atrazine (53%). Using the toxicity unit (TU) concept to assess potential risk to aquatic ecosystems, none of the detected herbicides were considered to pose an individual, group or collective short-term risk to fish or zooplankton in the waters studied...
January 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098063/the-use-of-e-cigarettes
#20
Martin Eichler, Maria Blettner, Susanne Singer
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are a consumer product whose benefits and risks are currently debated. Advocates of the "tobacco harm reduction" strategy emphasize their potential as an aid to smoking cessation, while advocates of the precautionary principle emphasize their risks instead. There have been only a few studies to date on the prevalence of e-cigarette use in Germany. METHODS: In May 2016, in collaboration with Forsa, an opinion research firm, we carried out a survey among 4002 randomly chosen persons aged 14 and older, asking them about their consumption of e-cigarettes with and without nicotine, reasons for using e-cigarettes, plans for future use, estimation of danger compared to that of tobacco products, smoking behavior, and sociodemographic features...
December 16, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
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