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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819080/a-survey-on-selection-use-maintenance-and-management-of-chemical-protective-gloves-at-workplaces-in-japan
#1
Isamu Kabe, Hiroko Tsuruoka, Takeshi Kochi, Yasuo Koga, Masafumi Eguchi, Tomomi Matsui, Rie Ito, Yoko Tokujitani, Hiroyuki Miyauchi, Shigeru Tanaka
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to survey the selection, use, and maintenance of chemical protective gloves (CPGs) at real workplaces. METHODS: Subjects comprised 817 workers using CPGs at seven domestic manufacturing plants in Japan. We administered an anonymous questionnaire survey comprising the following aspect related to CPGs: environment of use, conditions of use, method of selection, knowledge/awareness pertaining to their use, method of use, precautionary measures associated with their use, maximum time of use, and maintenance...
August 17, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817588/phylogeography-of-the-reticulated-python-malayopython-reticulatus-ssp-conservation-implications-for-the-worlds-most-traded-snake-species
#2
Gillian Murray-Dickson, Muhammad Ghazali, Rob Ogden, Rafe Brown, Mark Auliya
As an important economic natural resource in Southeast Asia, reticulated pythons (Malayopython reticulatus ssp.) are primarily harvested from the wild for their skins-which are prized in the luxury leather goods industry. Trade dynamics of this CITES Appendix II listed species are complex and management approaches on the country or regional level appear obscure. Little is known about the actual geographic point-of-harvest of snakes, how genetic diversity is partitioned across the species range, how current harvest levels may affect the genetic viability of populations, and whether genetic structure could (or should) be accounted for when managing harvest quotas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810500/anxiety-effects-on-disaster-precautionary-behaviors-a-multi-path-cognitive-model
#3
Philip W Wirtz, Cynthia A Rohrbeck, Katherine M Burns
Previous studies have revealed a negative relationship between anxiety and health-promoting behavior. This study identified three cognitive pathways through which anxiety operates on preparedness behaviors for terrorist attacks. Preparedness was regressed on trait anxiety, perceived threat, and self-efficacy based on data from 306 adults. Mediating paths through perceived threat (positive) and self-efficacy (negative) and an independent negative path were identified. Results suggest that the anxiety/precautionary behavior relationship is more complex than previously thought, involving multiple pathways of competing directionality...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804700/abridged-version-of-the-awmf-guideline-for-the-medical-clinical-diagnostics-of-indoor-mould-exposure-s2k-guideline-of-the-german-society-of-hygiene-environmental-medicine-and-preventive-medicine-ghup-in-collaboration-with-the-german-association-of-allergists
#4
Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Birger Heinzow, Ute Aurbach, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Albrecht Bufe, Walter Buzina, Oliver A Cornely, Steffen Engelhart, Guido Fischer, Thomas Gabrio, Werner Heinz, Caroline E W Herr, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Martin Köberle, Herbert Lichtnecker, Thomas Lob-Corzilius, Rolf Merget, Norbert Mülleneisen, Dennis Nowak, Uta Rabe, Monika Raulf, Hans Peter Seidl, Jens-Oliver Steiß, Regine Szewszyk, Peter Thomas, Kerttu Valtanen, Julia Hurraß
This article is an abridged version of the AWMF mould guideline "Medical clinical diagnostics of indoor mould exposure" presented in April 2016 by the German Society of Hygiene, Environmental Medicine and Preventive Medicine (Gesellschaft für Hygiene, Umweltmedizin und Präventivmedizin, GHUP), in collaboration with the above-mentioned scientific medical societies, German and Austrian societies, medical associations and experts. Indoor mould growth is a potential health risk, even if a quantitative and/or causal relationship between the occurrence of individual mould species and health problems has yet to be established...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799655/communicating-earthquake-preparedness-the-influence-of-induced-mood-perceived-risk-and-gain-or-loss-frames-on-homeowners-attitudes-toward-general-precautionary-measures-for-earthquakes
#5
Michèle Marti, Michael Stauffacher, Jörg Matthes, Stefan Wiemer
Despite global efforts to reduce seismic risk, actual preparedness levels remain universally low. Although earthquake-resistant building design is the most efficient way to decrease potential losses, its application is not a legal requirement across all earthquake-prone countries and even if, often not strictly enforced. Risk communication encouraging homeowners to take precautionary measures is therefore an important means to enhance a country's earthquake resilience. Our study illustrates that specific interactions of mood, perceived risk, and frame type significantly affect homeowners' attitudes toward general precautionary measures for earthquakes...
August 11, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782820/losing-sight-of-the-precautionary-principle
#6
EDITORIAL
Keyvan Karkouti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775124/low-alcohol-consumption-and-pregnancy-and-childhood-outcomes-time-to-change-guidelines-indicating-apparently-safe-levels-of-alcohol-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#7
Loubaba Mamluk, Hannah B Edwards, Jelena Savović, Verity Leach, Timothy Jones, Theresa H M Moore, Sharea Ijaz, Sarah J Lewis, Jenny L Donovan, Debbie Lawlor, George Davey Smith, Abigail Fraser, Luisa Zuccolo
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of low-to-moderate levels of maternal alcohol consumption in pregnancy on pregnancy and longer-term offspring outcomes. SEARCH STRATEGY: Medline, Embase, Web of Science and Psychinfo from inception to 11 July 2016. SELECTION CRITERIA: Prospective observational studies, negative control and quasiexperimental studies of pregnant women estimating effects of light drinking in pregnancy (≤32 g/week) versus abstaining...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767162/protective-molecular-mechanisms-of-resveratrol-in-uvr-induced-skin-carcinogenesis
#8
REVIEW
Saba W Aziz, Moammir H Aziz
Skin cancer is a major health problem worldwide. It is the most common cancer in the United States and poses a significant healthcare burden. Excessive UVR exposure is the most common cause of skin cancer. Despite various precautionary measures to avoid direct UVR exposure, the incidence of skin cancer and mortality related to it remains high. Furthermore, the current treatment options are expensive and have side effects including toxicity to normal cells. Thus, a safe and effective approach is needed to prevent and treat skin cancer...
August 2, 2017: Photodermatology, Photoimmunology & Photomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763739/risk-of-malignancy-on-suspicion-of-polyps-in-menopausal-women
#9
Sandra Bel, Camille Billard, Julien Godet, Victor Viviani, Cherif Akladios, Aline Host, Emilie Faller, Thomas Boisrame, Michel Hummel, Jean-Jacques Baldauf, Lise Lecointre, Olivier Garbin
Improved performances in gynaecological ultrasonography have enabled an increasing number of often asymptomatic endometrial polyps to be detected. Most of these polyps are removed surgically, as a precautionary measure, so as not to miss a case of endometrial cancer. Nonetheless, this management strategy is based solely on the sonographer's judgement and a number of these operations, which are probably of no benefit, could be avoided. In order to do so, risk factors for malignancy need to be identified. OBJECTIVE: Estimate the prevalence of lesions in menopausal patients with a pre-operative diagnosis of endometrial polyp...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761643/a-prospective-randomised-trial-of-isolated-pathogens-of-surgical-site-infections-ssi
#10
Konstantinos Alexiou, Ioannis Drikos, Maria Terzopoulou, Nikolaos Sikalias, Argyrios Ioannidis, Nikolaos Economou
BACKGROUND: Every surgical wound is colonized by bacteria, but only a small percentage displays symptoms of infection. The distribution of pathogens isolated in surgical site infections has not significantly changed over the last decades. Staph. Aureus, Coag(-) Staphylococci, Enterococcus spp and E. Coli are the main strains appearing. In addition, a continuously rising proportion of surgical site infections caused by resistant bacterial species (MRSA, C. Albicans) has been reported...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748076/allergens-labeling-on-french-processed-foods-an-oqali-study
#11
Charlène Battisti, Amélie Chambefort, Olivier Digaud, Barbara Duplessis, Cécile Perrin, Jean-Luc Volatier, Julie Gauvreau-Béziat, Céline Menard
The French Observatory of Food Quality (Oqali) aims at collecting all nutritional data provided on labels of processed foods (nutritional information and composition), at branded products level, in order to follow nutritional labeling changes over time. This study carries out an overview of allergens labeling frequencies by distinguishing allergens used in recipes from those listed on precautionary statements, for the fourteen allergen categories for which labeling is mandatory according to European legislation...
July 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735337/thresholds-of-toxicological-concern-setting-a-threshold-for-testing-below-which-there-is-little-concern
#12
Thomas Hartung
Low dose, low risk; very low dose, no real risk. Setting a pragmatic threshold below which concerns become negligible is the purpose of thresholds of toxicological concern (TTC). The idea is that such threshold values do not need to be established for each and every chemical based on experimental data, but that by analyzing the distribution of lowest or no-effect doses of many chemicals, a TTC can be defined - typically using the 5th percentile of this distribution and lowering it by an uncertainty factor of, e...
2017: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730124/cataract-surgery-on-post-radial-keratotomy-patients
#13
Alessandro Meduri, Mario Urso, Giuseppe A Signorino, Miguel Rechichi, Cosimo Mazzotta, Stephen Kaufman
This study aims to evaluate and to compare three different approaches of cataract surgery to patients with previous radial keratotomy (RK), and to analyze the mechanical properties of the cornea after cataract surgery. Three groups of patients, each one including 8 eyes of patients with 16 RK incisions. The first group includes eyes with the first cataract incision superiorly, the second group in the temporal area, the third group in temporal area and a precautionary stabilizing suture across the RK incision adjacent to the main tunnel...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719087/mri-guided-stereotactic-neurosurgical-procedures-in-a-diagnostic-mri-suite-background-and-safe-practice-recommendations
#14
Paul S Larson, Jon T Willie, Sudhakar Vadivelu, Hooman Azmi-Ghadimi, Amy Nichols, Loretta Litz Fauerbach, Helen Boehm Johnson, Denise Graham
The development of navigation technology facilitating MRI-guided stereotactic neurosurgery has enabled neurosurgeons to perform a variety of procedures ranging from deep brain stimulation to laser ablation entirely within an intraoperative or diagnostic MRI suite while having real-time visualization of brain anatomy. Prior to this technology, some of these procedures required multisite workflow patterns that presented significant risk to the patient during transport. For those facilities with access to this technology, safe practice guidelines exist only for procedures performed within an intraoperative MRI...
July 2017: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715759/do-pcdd-pcdf-standard-solutions-used-in-dioxin-analysis-pose-a-risk-as-potentially-acutely-toxic-to-lab-personnel
#15
REVIEW
Rainer Malisch, Michael S Denison, Heidelore Fiedler, Peter Fürst, Ron L A P Hoogenboom, Alexander Schaechtele, Dieter Schrenk, Martin van den Berg
Laboratory safety requires protecting personnel from chemical exposures. Working with stock solutions of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/PCDFs) in routine analysis of feed and food with bioanalytical or physicochemical methods raises some concerns. Since PCDD/PCDFs are considered as possibly acutely toxic, the potential risks were evaluated to determine whether supervision of their use is necessary. Based on LD50-data for oral or dermal intake, hazard classification of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) as a substance (category 1) and in commercially available TCDD standard solutions (category 4) is different...
October 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692688/addressing-uncertainty-in-modelling-cumulative-impacts-within-maritime-spatial-planning-in-the-adriatic-and-ionian-region
#16
Elena Gissi, Stefano Menegon, Alessandro Sarretta, Federica Appiotti, Denis Maragno, Andrea Vianello, Daniel Depellegrin, Chiara Venier, Andrea Barbanti
Maritime spatial planning (MSP) is envisaged as a tool to apply an ecosystem-based approach to the marine and coastal realms, aiming at ensuring that the collective pressure of human activities is kept within acceptable limits. Cumulative impacts (CI) assessment can support science-based MSP, in order to understand the existing and potential impacts of human uses on the marine environment. A CI assessment includes several sources of uncertainty that can hinder the correct interpretation of its results if not explicitly incorporated in the decision-making process...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690397/pesticide-exposure-and-health-problems-among-female-horticulture-workers-in-tanzania
#17
REVIEW
Ezra Jonathan Mrema, Aiwerasia Vera Ngowi, Stephen Simon Kishinhi, Simon Henry Mamuya
Commercialization of horticulture farming, expansion of farms, and the practice of monoculture favor the proliferation of pests, which in turn increases the need for pesticides. Increased exposure to pesticides is associated with inadequate knowledge on the hazardous nature of pesticides, poor hygiene practices, lack of availability of washing facilities, and insufficient adherence to precautionary instructions on pesticide labels. Mitigating the risks posed by pesticides is considered a less compelling interest than alleviating poverty...
2017: Environmental Health Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683931/filling-the-gap-using-fishers-knowledge-to-map-the-extent-and-intensity-of-fishing-activity
#18
Claire L Szostek, Lee G Murray, Ewen Bell, Michel J Kaiser
Knowledge of the extent and intensity of fishing activities is critical to inform management in relation to fishing impacts on marine conservation features. Such information can also provide insight into the potential socio-economic impacts of closures (or other restrictions) of fishing grounds that could occur through the future designation of Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs). We assessed the accuracy and validity of fishing effort data (spatial extent and relative effort) obtained from Fishers' Local Knowledge (LK) data compared to that derived from Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) data for a high-value shellfish fishery, the king scallop (Pecten maximus L...
August 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665794/facts-about-phthalate-toxicity-in-humans-and-their-occurrence-in-alcoholic-beverages
#19
Irena Brčić Karačonji, Sonja Anić Jurica, Dario Lasić, Karlo Jurica
Phthalates are esters of phthalic acid and aliphatic alcohol added to plastic to improve its softness, flexibility, and extensibility. They easily migrate from plastic products into the environment because of their physical and chemical properties. This review summarises their characteristics, distribution in the environment, monitoring, use, toxic effects on human health, regulatory limits in different matrices and products, and tolerable daily intake. The studies we have reviewed suggest that phthalates have a potential to affect reproduction and development in humans...
June 27, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660386/environmental-decision-making-on-acid-mine-drainage-issues-in-south-africa-an-argument-for-the-precautionary-principle
#20
T J Morodi, Charles Mpofu
This paper examines the issue of acid mine drainage in South Africa and environmental decision making processes that could be taken to mitigate the problem in the context of both conventional risk assessment and the precautionary principle. It is argued that conventional risk assessment protects the status quo and hence cannot be entirely relied upon as an effective tool to resolve environmental problems in the context of South Africa, a developing country with complex environmental health concerns. The complexity of the environmental issues is discussed from historical and political perspectives...
June 28, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
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