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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905698/bladder-neck-contracture-after-surgery-for-benign-prostatic-obstruction-a-literature-review
#1
Luca Cindolo, Michele Marchioni, Esteban Emiliani, Piergustavo De Francesco, Giulia Primiceri, Pietro Castellan, Luigi Schips
INTRODUCTION: Over the last decades, numerous surgical procedures have been proposed to treat Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) secondary to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). However, all are characterized by a certain rate of treatment failure due to Bladder Neck Contracture (BNC). Treatment of secondary BNC appears to be challenging. The main purpose of this review is to evaluate current published knowledge on this topic. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The MEDLINE/Pubmed database was searched for all original articles published between 2000 and 2016 analysing the incidence, prevalence and management of BNC as a post-operative complication following surgical treatment of LUTS/BPH...
December 1, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902392/microbiological-sentinel-events-at-neurological-hospital-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Annalia Asti, Elio Marmondi, Carmine Tinelli, Marta Corbella, Annalisa de Silvestri, Gaetano Bernardi, Franco Andreini, Anna Preti, Monica Bricchi
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to describe the epidemiological surveillance of microbiological sentinel events (SE) carried out between 2012-2014 at the Neurological Hospital Carlo Besta, Milano, Italy. The Setting is inpatient care with Multi- Drug-Resistance infections. The aim of the procedure is to formalize the management mode, the reporting and transmission of SE. Categorical variables were described by counts and percentages, those quantitatives as mean and standard deviation or median and interquartile range...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895502/human-papillomavirus-as-a-potential-risk-factor-for-gastric-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-1-917-cases
#3
Zhi-Ming Zeng, Fei-Fei Luo, Lin-Xia Zou, Rong-Quan He, Deng-Hua Pan, Xin Chen, Ting-Ting Xie, Yuan-Qing Li, Zhi-Gang Peng, Gang Chen
BACKGROUND: Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are causally associated with the tumorigenesis of several classes of cancers. However, the prevalence of HPV in gastric cancer (GC) has not yet been systematically reviewed. Hence, a meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the HPV prevalence in patients with GC, and its potential etiologic significance was assessed. METHODS: The pooled HPV prevalence and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated among all GC patients...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882003/risk-factors-for-deep-venous-thrombosis-of-lower-limbs-in-postoperative-neurosurgical-patients
#4
Qiang Li, Zongxue Yu, Xiao Chen, Jinjun Wang, Guixi Jiang
OBJECTIVES: To detect the risk factors for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in patients after neurosurgery. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-six patients treated in the department of neurosurgery of our hospital from February 2013 to November 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. The clinical data including age, gender, hospital stay, operation time, occupation type, hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes, smoking status, drinking status, postoperative exercises, malignant tumor, and postoperative hormone or dehydrating agent were collected...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876099/broad-scale-suppression-of-cotton-bollworm-helicoverpa-armigera-lepidoptera-noctuidae-associated-with-bt-cotton-crops-in-northern-new-south-wales-australia
#5
G H Baker, C R Tann
The cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera, is a major pest of many agricultural crops in several countries, including Australia. Transgenic cotton, expressing a single Bt toxin, was first used in the 1990s to control H. armigera and other lepidopteran pests. Landscape scale or greater pest suppression has been reported in some countries using this technology. However, a long-term, broad-scale pheromone trapping program for H. armigera in a mixed cropping region in eastern Australia caught more moths during the deployment of single Bt toxin cotton (Ingard®) (1996-2004) than in previous years...
November 23, 2016: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873194/lupin-and-other-potentially-cross-reactive-allergens-in-peanut-allergy
#6
REVIEW
Maurizio Mennini, Lamia Dahdah, Oscar Mazzina, Alessandro Fiocchi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The presence of IgE cross-reactivity between peanut allergens and allergens from other legumes and tree nuts has been demonstrated, but the identification of the involved individual allergens is still limited. The aim of this review is to describe new allergenic findings, of potential relevance for cross-reactivity among peanut and lupin. RECENT FINDINGS: Seventeen allergens of peanut have been included in the official allergen nomenclature database to date...
November 2016: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872612/systems-biomedicine-of-rabies-delineates-the-affected-signaling-pathways
#7
Sadegh Azimzadeh Jamalkandi, Sayed-Hamidreza Mozhgani, Hamid Gholami Pourbadie, Mehdi Mirzaie, Farshid Noorbakhsh, Behrouz Vaziri, Alireza Gholami, Naser Ansari-Pour, Mohieddin Jafari
The prototypical neurotropic virus, rabies, is a member of the Rhabdoviridae family that causes lethal encephalomyelitis. Although there have been a plethora of studies investigating the etiological mechanism of the rabies virus and many precautionary methods have been implemented to avert the disease outbreak over the last century, the disease has surprisingly no definite remedy at its late stages. The psychological symptoms and the underlying etiology, as well as the rare survival rate from rabies encephalitis, has still remained a mystery...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833812/the-abundance-of-large-piscivorous-ferox-trout-salmo-trutta-in-loch-rannoch-scotland
#8
Alastair Thorne, Alisdair I MacDonald, Joseph L Thorley
BACKGROUND: Ferox Trout are large, long-lived piscivorous Brown Trout (Salmo trutta). Due to their exceptionally large size, Ferox Trout are highly sought after by anglers while their life-history strategy, which includes delayed maturation, multiphasic growth and extended longevity, is of interest to ecological and evolutionary modelers. However, despite their recreational and theoretical importance, little is known about the typical abundance of Ferox Trout. METHODS: To rectify this situation a 16 year angling-based mark-recapture study was conducted on Loch Rannoch, which at 19 km(2) is one of the largest lakes in the United Kingdom...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828002/an-integrated-intervention-for-increasing-clinical-nurses-knowledge-of-hiv-aids-related-occupational-safety
#9
Liping He, Zhiyan Lu, Jing Huang, Yiping Zhou, Jian Huang, Yongyi Bi, Jun Li
Background: Approximately 35 new HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus, HIV) cases and at least 1000 serious infections are transmitted annually to health care workers. In China, HIV prevalence is increasing and nursing personnel are encountering these individuals more than in the past. Contaminated needle-stick injuries represent a significant occupational burden for nurses. Evidence suggests that nurses in China may not fully understand HIV/AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, AIDS) and HIV-related occupational safety...
November 7, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818137/food-allergen-labeling-and-purchasing-habits-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#10
Mary Jane Marchisotto, Laurie Harada, Opal Kamdar, Bridget M Smith, Susan Waserman, Scott Sicherer, Katie Allen, Antonella Muraro, Steve Taylor, Ruchi S Gupta
BACKGROUND: Mandatory labeling of products with top allergens has improved food safety for consumers. Precautionary allergen labeling (PAL), such as "may contain" or "manufactured on shared equipment," are voluntarily placed by the food industry. OBJECTIVE: To establish knowledge of PAL and its impact on purchasing habits by food-allergic consumers in North America. METHODS: Food Allergy Research & Education and Food Allergy Canada surveyed consumers in the United States and Canada on purchasing habits of food products featuring different types of PAL...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807954/-documented-and-suspected-risk-factors-for-childhood-cancer-aetiology
#11
Corrado Magnani, Lucia Miligi, Stefano Parodi
We present an updated summary on risk factors for childhood malignancies, following to previous reviews published on Epidemiologia&Prevenzione and largely based on the monographs of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Ionizing radiations are certain carcinogens, with evidence in humans, from studies both on children and on adults. Evidence specifically regarding childhood cancers is available also for other carcinogens, such as tobacco smoking, some solvents, some occupational activities of parents, and some viruses (HIV and EBV)...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788336/zika-and-the-blood-supply-a-work-in-progress
#12
Louis M Katz, Susan N Rossmann
Zika virus can be transmitted by transfusion, but the harm caused to recipients is not clear in most cases. It is very likely that the virus could also be transmitted by transplanted organs. Sensitivity to the risk from transfusion is elevated by consideration of possible severe neurologic damage in fetuses. Strategies for dealing with transfusion risk vary with the presence of Zika in the region. In nonendemic areas, risks can be reduced by excluding donors who have exposure through travel or sexual contact with someone at risk...
October 27, 2016: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780019/regulatory-issues-associated-with-preharvest-food-safety-european-union-perspective
#13
Lis Alban
Free movement of safe and wholesome food is an essential aspect of any society. This article contains an updated description of the regulatory issues associated with preharvest food safety within the European Union. Salmonella, Campylobacter, Trichinella, antimicrobial resistance, and bovine spongiform encephalopathy are dealt with in detail. Moreover, Cysticercus bovis/Taenia saginata, Toxoplasma, Yersinia, verotoxigenic/shigatoxigenic Escherichia coli, Listeria, and foodborne viruses are briefly covered. The article describes how the focus in the European Union is changing to involve a supply chain view with a focus on cost-effectiveness...
October 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779464/transvection-arising-from-transgene-interactions-in-zebrafish
#14
Matthew D Keefe, Joshua L Bonkowsky
There has been a rapid expansion in use of transgenic technologies in zebrafish. We report a novel example of trans-interactions of genetic elements, or transvection. This interaction led to a novel expression pattern and illustrates a precautionary example regarding use of transgenes in zebrafish.
October 25, 2016: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778080/richtwerte-f%C3%A3-r-toluol-und-gesundheitliche-bewertung-von-c7-c8-alkylbenzolen-in-der-innenraumluft-mitteilung-des-ausschusses-f%C3%A3-r-innenraumrichtwerte
#15
(no author information available yet)
The German Committee on Indoor Guide Values issues indoor air guide values to protect public health. For health evaluation of inhaled toluene a number of valid studies in humans is available. Toluene is a neurotoxic substance and the guide values are based on deficits in neurobehavioural tests observed at workers with chronic exposure of 337 mg toluene/m³. For the derivation of guide values the assumed continuous exposure is considered by a factor of 4.2, the interindividual variability by a factor of 10 and the elevated respiratory rate in children as compared to adults by a factor of 2...
November 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776305/perfluoroalkyl-substances-pfass-in-wastewater-treatment-plants-and-drinking-water-treatment-plants-removal-efficiency-and-exposure-risk
#16
Chang-Gui Pan, You-Sheng Liu, Guang-Guo Ying
Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are a group of chemicals with wide industrial and commercial applications, and have been received great attentions due to their persistence in the environment. The information about their presence in urban water cycle is still limited. This study aimed to investigate the occurrence and removal efficiency of eighteen PFASs in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and drinking water plants (DWTPs) with different treatment processes. The results showed that both perfluorobutane sulfonic acid (PFBS) and perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) were the predominant compounds in the water phase of WWTPs and DWTPs, while PFOS was dominant in dewatered sludge of WWTPs...
October 19, 2016: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760713/assessing-and-managing-stressors-in-a-changing-marine-environment
#17
Peter M Chapman
We are facing a dynamic future in the face of multiple stressors acting individually and in combination: climate change; habitat change/loss; overfishing; invasive species; harmful algal blooms/eutrophication; and, chemical contaminants. Historic assessment and management approaches will be inadequate for addressing risks from climate change and other stressors. Wicked problems (non-linear, complex, competing risks and benefits, not easily solvable), will become increasingly common. We are facing irreversible changes to our planetary living conditions...
October 16, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757255/vector-control-response-in-a-post-flood-disaster-setting-honiara-solomon-islands-2014
#18
Matthew Shortus, Jennie Musto, Hugo Bugoro, Charles Butafa, Alison Sio, Cynthia Joshua
PROBLEM: The close quartering and exposed living conditions in evacuation centres and the potential increase in vector density after flooding in Solomon Islands resulted in an increased risk of exposure for the occupants to vectorborne diseases. CONTEXT: In April 2014, Solomon Islands experienced a flash flooding event that affected many areas and displaced a large number of people. In the capital, Honiara, nearly 10 000 people were housed in emergency evacuation centres at the peak of the post-flood emergency...
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752460/determinants-of-marketing-performance-empirical-study-at-national-commercial-bank-in-jakarta-indonesia
#19
Nandan Limakrisna, Syahril Yoserizal
BACKGROUND: Indonesian banking industry has experienced up and down as can be seen after Pakto '88, in which the number of new banks grew rapidly, but after the 1997-1998 financial crisis, a lot of banks were liquidated due to the deteriorating financial condition and violation of the precautionary principles by bank management. The purpose of this research is to determine and analyze the effects of good corporate governance, information technology, HR competencies on competitive advantage and its implication on marketing performance...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735851/improving-precautionary-communication-in-the-emf-field-effects-of-making-messages-consistent-and-explaining-the-effectiveness-of-precautions
#20
Christoph Boehmert, Peter Wiedemann, Rodney Croft
Many radiation health agencies communicate precautionary measures regarding the use of mobile communication devices, e.g. the use of a headset while talking on the phone. These precautionary messages have, however, been shown to unintentionally increase risk perceptions about radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMFs). The current study tested two potential ways of amending precautionary messages in order to minimise this unintentional effect. Firstly, the messages' potential to be perceived as inconsistent and thereby raise suspicions was addressed; secondly, the effectiveness of the precautions was explained...
October 9, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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