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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778497/food-groups-for-allergen-risk-assessment-combining-food-consumption-data-from-different-countries-in-europe
#1
Sophie Birot, Charlotte B Madsen, Astrid G Kruizinga, Amélie Crépet, Tue Christensen, Per B Brockhoff
To prevent allergic reactions, food producers have to be able to make a knowledge based decision on whether to label their products with precautionary labelling. As many manufactured food products are sold in different countries across Europe, the allergen risk assessment should be estimated at the European levels. As currently, there are no pan-European food data suitable for food allergy risk assessment. The aim of this paper is to investigate if consumption data, at a meal level, from National Food Consumption Surveys, can be combined to form a common Food Consumption database...
May 17, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778187/sensitivity-of-african-swine-fever-virus-asfv-to-heat-alkalinity-and-peroxide-treatment-in-presence-or-absence-of-porcine-plasma
#2
I D Kalmar, A B Cay, M Tignon
African swine fever virus (ASFV) is a highly resistant viraemic virus with devastating socio-economic impact. Its present epidemiology in Eastern Europe and Russia warrants increased biosecurity measures in Western Europe. This includes proactive precautions on traffic of pork products within and between areas that are officially free from ASF. Namely, delayed notification of clinical signs or introduction of a low-virulent strain in ASF-free areas could result in presence of ASFV in veterinary inspected pork and pork by-products...
June 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774929/-epidemiological-characteristics-and-inducing-factors-of-gastric-stump-cancer
#3
Lin Chen
Gastric stump cancer was initially defined as a carcinoma of the stomach occurring more than 5 years after surgery for gastric or duodenal benign disease. In recent years, as the number of total gastrectomy for benign disease has gradually decreased and the gastric cancer detection and operation rate have annually increased, residual recurrence of primary gastric cancer more than 10 years after gastric cancer surgery has also been considered as gastric stump cancer. The incidence of gastric stump cancer is increasing annually...
May 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770091/canadian-pandemic-influenza-preparedness-health-sector-planning-guidance
#4
B Henry
Pandemic preparedness requires a multifaceted approach with collaboration from all levels of government. The Canadian Pandemic Influenza Preparedness: Planning Guidance for the Health Sector (CPIP) is a guidance document that outlines key health sector preparedness activities designed to ensure Canada is ready to respond to the next influenza pandemic. This article outlines Canada's approach to pandemic influenza preparedness as described in the CPIP Main Body. Canada's pandemic influenza preparedness planning takes place within a network of legislated requirements and emergency frameworks at provincial/territorial, federal and international levels...
January 4, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768543/preventing-diseases-in-round-the-world-travelers-a-contemporary-challenge-for-travel-medicine-advice
#5
Karis Maria de Pinho Rodrigues, Beatriz Meurer Moreira
Providing advice for travelers embarking on long-term trips poses a challenge in travel medicine. A long duration of risk exposure is associated with underuse of protective measures and poor adherence to chemoprophylaxis, increasing the chances of acquiring infections. Recently, in our clinic, we observed an increase in the number of travelers undertaking round-the-world trips. These individuals are typically aged around 32 years and quit their jobs to embark on one-to-two-year journeys. Their destinations include countries in two or more continents, invariably Southeast Asia and Indonesia, and mostly involve land travel and visiting rural areas...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765660/behavioural-responses-of-spinner-dolphins-to-human-interactions
#6
Maddalena Fumagalli, Amina Cesario, Marina Costa, John Harraway, Giuseppe Notarbartolo di Sciara, Elisabeth Slooten
There is increasing evidence that whale and dolphin watching activities have detrimental effects on targeted cetacean populations. In Egypt, spinner dolphins regularly occur in the resting areas of Samadai, Satayah and Qubbat'Isa reefs. In-water human interactions with dolphins are regulated with a time-area closure system at Samadai, unregulated at Satayah and non-existent at Qubbat'Isa. This provided an ideal experimental setting to advance our understanding of the effects of tourism on a species highly sensitive to disturbances...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763962/car-travel-related-thrombosis-fact-or-fiction
#7
Giuseppe Lippi, Emmanuel J Favaloro
The condition sometimes referred to as "economy class syndrome," and also known as "traveler's thrombosis," is a distinctive pathological condition characterized by occurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in a patient who has recently experienced a long journey (i.e., ≥ 4 h). Typically, the identified travel is by airplane, but travel with other vehicles, such as trains, trucks, buses, or cars, could potentially qualify as contributing to VTE events. Although the enhanced risk of VTE after long haul flights is now widely acknowledged, albeit potentially overhyped, the risk of venous thrombosis after prolonged travel by other modes of transport, in particular, by cars, is less well appreciated...
May 15, 2018: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751917/effect-of-food-matrix-and-thermal-processing-on-the-performance-of-a-normalised-quantitative-real-time-pcr-approach-for-lupine-lupinus-albus-detection-as-a-potential-allergenic-food
#8
Caterina Villa, Joana Costa, Cristina Gondar, M Beatriz P P Oliveira, Isabel Mafra
Lupine is widely used as an ingredient in diverse food products, but it is also a source of allergens. This work aimed at proposing a method to detect/quantify lupine as an allergen in processed foods based on a normalised real-time PCR assay targeting the Lup a 4 allergen-encoding gene of Lupinus albus. Sensitivities down to 0.0005%, 0.01% and 0.05% (w/w) of lupine in rice flour, wheat flour and bread, respectively, and 1 pg of L. albus DNA were obtained, with adequate real-time PCR performance parameters using the ΔCt method...
October 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751153/the-health-and-economic-outcomes-of-peanut-allergy-management-practices
#9
Marcus Shaker, Matthew Greenhawt
BACKGROUND: Peanut allergy is managed with strict avoidance, epinephrine carriage, and promptly treating reactions. OBJECTIVES: Assess the health and economic benefits of pre-emptively injecting epinephrine for peanut ingestion in the absence of any symptoms, and avoiding products with peanut precautionary allergen labeling (PAL). METHODS: We used Markov modeling and simulations, assuming a base-case 10-fold fatality risk increase for less conservative management, with sensitivity analysis investigating 100-1,000-fold increased fatality risk, incorporating risks of accidental exposures, reactions, fatality, and family costs of food allergy...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745771/effect-of-microgravity-space-radiation-on-microbes
#10
Giuliana Senatore, Felice Mastroleo, Natalie Leys, Gianluigi Mauriello
One of the new challenges facing humanity is to reach increasingly further distant space targets. It is therefore of upmost importance to understand the behavior of microorganisms that will unavoidably reach the space environment together with the human body and equipment. Indeed, microorganisms could activate their stress defense mechanisms, modifying properties related to human pathogenesis. The host-microbe interactions, in fact, could be substantially affected under spaceflight conditions and the study of microorganisms' growth and activity is necessary for predicting these behaviors and assessing precautionary measures during spaceflight...
May 10, 2018: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744622/lethal-and-sublethal-responses-in-the-fish-odontesthes-bonariensis-exposed-to-chlorpyrifos-alone-or-under-mixtures-with-endosulf%C3%A3-n-and-lambda-cyhalothrin
#11
Viviana López Aca, Patricia Verónica Gonzalez, Pedro Carriquiriborde
Need for ecotoxicological information on local species has been recently highlighted as a priority issue in Latin America. In addition, little information has been found on concentration distances between lethal and sublethal effects, and the effect of mixtures at these two levels of analysis. Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is an organophosphate insecticide broadly used in soybean crops which has dramatically expanded in Latin America and other regions of the world. The aim of the present study was to evaluate lethal and sublethal effects of CPF, singly or in mixtures, on the inland "Pejerrey" (Odontesthes bonariensis) under laboratory conditions...
May 9, 2018: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743028/investigating-determinants-for-patient-satisfaction-in-women-receiving-epidural-analgesia-for-labour-pain-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Daryl Jian An Tan, Rehena Sultana, Nian Lin Reena Han, Alex Tiong Heng Sia, Ban Leong Sng
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia is a popular choice for labour pain relief. Patient satisfaction is an important patient-centric outcome because it can significantly influence both mother and child. However, there is limited evidence in the correlations between clinical determinants and patient satisfaction. We aim to investigate clinical covariates that are associated with low patient satisfaction in parturients receiving labour neuraxial analgesia. METHODS: After institutional ethics approval was obtained, we conducted a retrospective cohort study using electronic and corresponding hardcopy records from 10,170 parturients receiving neuraxial analgesia between the periods of January 2012 to December 2013 in KK Women's and Children's Hospital in Singapore...
May 9, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735252/a-single-institution-experience-with-a-brucellosis-outbreak-in-the-united-states
#13
Riya Joseph, Matthew P Crotty, Jonathan Cho, Marie H Wilson, Jennifer Tran, Joslyn Pribble, Leigh Hunter
Human cases of brucellosis in the United States are primarily limited to imported infections or reservoirs. We describe a brucellosis outbreak involving 8 patients treated at a single hospital in the United States. Standardized precautionary microbiology processes and coordinated collaboration among hospital departments and local health departments assisted in optimally managing this disease at our institution.
May 4, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735079/food-allergen-labelling-may-contain-evidence-from-malaysia
#14
Jan Mei Soon
Food allergen labelling is mandatory and regulated whilst precautionary allergen labelling (PAL) remains voluntary in most countries. It is the aim of this study to identify the food allergens declared in food products sold in a developing country and to what extent food allergens and PAL are emphasised in the products. A total of 505 food and beverages (snacks, baked goods, confectionary, baby food, condiments & jams, beverages, powder & paste, instant food, chilled & frozen food and canned food) were evaluated in Malaysia...
June 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734135/hpv-related-papillary-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-tonsil-during-treatment-with-fingolimod
#15
Maria Donata Benedetti, Antonio Marangi, Silvia Bozzetti, Francesca Gobbin, Marco Turatti, Maurizio Pea, Alberto Gajofatto, Stelio Mocella
Fingolimod is a commonly used treatment for highly active relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). We describe the case of a 50-year old man on fingolimod since 2011 who presented, in April 2017, with a voluminous swelling of the left tonsil. A left tonsillectomy was performed, and histological exam disclosed a papillary squamous cell carcinoma of the palatine tonsil, with an in situ hybridization positive for human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 DNA. Neither lymph nodes involvement nor other metastases were detected...
May 2, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729509/brominated-flame-retardants-recommendation-for-different-listing-under-the-hong-kong-convention
#16
Jelena Čulin
When the Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships, 2009 enters into effect, ships to be sent for recycling will be required to carry an Inventory of Hazardous Materials (IHM) on board, which identifies the hazardous materials contained in the ship's structure or equipment. In its current form, IHM covers two classes of brominated flame retardants (BFRs), namely polybrominated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers. Emerging evidence from recent literature suggests that members of all classes of BFRs are present in all environmental compartments and that exposure to them is associated with a wide range of harmful effects in humans and animals, effects that include endocrine disruption...
May 2, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725957/recent-actuality-about-bacillus-cereus-and-human-milk-bank-a-new-sensitive-method-for-microbiological-analysis-of-pasteurized-milk
#17
V Rigourd, J P Barnier, A Ferroni, M Nicloux, T Hachem, J F Magny, A Lapillonne, P Frange, X Nassif, E Bille
Three cases of Bacillus cereus infection or colonization occurred in the same region in France, and milk from the milk bank was suspected as a possible common source of contamination. All Batches delivered to the three cases complied with the requirements of the bacteriological reference method recommended by good practices guidelines. Still, a retrospective analysis with a more sensitive method showed one batch to contain B. cereus, however straincomparison revealed no epidemiological link betweenisolates from patients and those from the milk...
May 3, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720888/measuring-higher-order-ambiguity-preferences
#18
Aurélien Baillon, Harris Schlesinger, Gijs van de Kuilen
We report the results from an experiment designed to measure attitudes towards ambiguity beyond ambiguity aversion. In particular, we implement recently-proposed model-free preference conditions of ambiguity prudence and ambiguity temperance. Ambiguity prudence has been shown to play an important role in precautionary behavior and the mere presence of ambiguity averse agents in markets. We observe that the majority of individuals' decisions are consistent with ambiguity aversion, ambiguity prudence and ambiguity temperance...
2018: Experimental Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707216/cutting-edges-and-weaving-threads-in-the-gene-editing-%C3%B0-evolution-reconciling-scientific-progress-with-legal-ethical-and-social-concerns
#19
Ana Nordberg, Timo Minssen, Sune Holm, Maja Horst, Kell Mortensen, Birger Lindberg Møller
Gene-editing technology, such as CRISPR/Cas9, holds great promise for the advancement of science and many useful applications technology. This foundational technology enables modification of the genetic structure of any living organisms with unprecedented precision. Yet, in order to enhance its potential for societal benefit, it is necessary to adapt rules and produce adequate regulations. This requires an interdisciplinary effort in legal thinking. Any legislative initiative needs to consider both the benefits and the problematic aspects of gene editing, from a broader societal and value-based perspective...
May 2018: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705122/measurement-of-endocrine-disrupting-and-asthma-associated-chemicals-in-hair-products-used-by-black-women
#20
Jessica S Helm, Marcia Nishioka, Julia Green Brody, Ruthann A Rudel, Robin E Dodson
BACKGROUND: Personal care products are a source of exposure to endocrine disrupting and asthma-associated chemicals. Because use of hair products differs by race/ethnicity, these products may contribute to exposure and disease disparities. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary study investigates the endocrine disrupting and asthma-associated chemical content of hair products used by U.S. Black women. METHODS: We used gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) to test 18 hair products in 6 categories used by Black women: hot oil treatment, anti-frizz/polish, leave-in conditioner, root stimulator, hair lotion, and relaxer...
April 24, 2018: Environmental Research
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