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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526667/patient-centered-decision-support-formative-usability-evaluation-of-integrated-clinical-decision-support-with-a-patient-decision-aid-for-minor-head-injury-in-the-emergency-department
#1
Edward R Melnick, Erik P Hess, George Guo, Maggie Breslin, Kevin Lopez, Anthony J Pavlo, Fuad Abujarad, Seth M Powsner, Lori A Post
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Computed Tomography (CT) Head Rule, a clinical decision rule designed to safely reduce imaging in minor head injury, has been rigorously validated and implemented, and yet expected decreases in CT were unsuccessful. Recent work has identified empathic care as a key component in decreasing CT overuse. Health information technology can hinder the clinician-patient relationship. Patient-centered decision tools to support the clinician-patient relationship are needed to promote evidence-based decisions...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523733/the-development-of-cognitive-empathy-and-concern-in-preschool-children-a-behavioral-neuroscience-investigation
#2
Jean Decety, Kimberly L Meidenbauer, Jason M Cowell
This developmental neuroscience study examined the electrophysiological responses (EEG and ERPs) associated with perspective taking and empathic concern in preschool children, as well as their relation to parental empathy dispositions and children's own prosocial behavior. Consistent with a body of previous studies using stimuli depicting somatic pain in both children and adults, larger early (~200 ms) ERPs were identified when perceiving painful versus neutral stimuli. In the slow wave window (~800 ms), a significant interaction of empathy condition and stimulus type was driven by a greater difference between painful and neutral images in the empathic concern condition...
May 18, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517967/cruel-to-be-kind-factors-underlying-altruistic-efforts-to-worsen-another-person-s-mood
#3
Belén López-Pérez, Laura Howells, Michaela Gummerum
When aiming to improve another person's long-term well-being, people may choose to induce a negative emotion in that person in the short term. We labeled this form of agent-target interpersonal emotion regulation altruistic affect worsening and hypothesized that it may happen when three conditions are met: (a) The agent experiences empathic concern for the target of the affect-worsening process, (b) the negative emotion to be induced helps the target achieve a goal (e.g., anger for confrontation or fear for avoidance), and (c) there is no benefit for the agent...
May 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513339/juggling-thoughts-and-feelings-how-do-female-patients-with-borderline-symptomology-and-substance-use-disorder-experience-change-in-mentalization-based-treatment
#4
Katharina T E Morken, Per Einar Binder, Nina Arefjord, Sigmund Karterud
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the experience of central psychological change processes for female patients with borderline symptomology and substance use disorder in mentalization-based treatment. METHOD: Semi-structured qualitative interviews on experiences from mentalization-based treatment with 13 participants were conducted. The interview material was analysed within a hermeneutical-phenomenological epistemology, with emphasis on researcher reflexivity...
May 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512441/mapping-the-paths-from-styles-of-anger-experience-and-expression-to-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-the-moderating-roles-of-family-cohesion-and-adaptability
#5
Liang Liu, Cuilian Liu, Xudong Zhao
Previous research has shown strong connections of anger experience and expression with obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms. Additionally, studies have demonstrated links between family environment variables and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Our study aims to integrate the perspectives from these two literatures by exploring the moderating roles of family cohesion and family adaptability in the relationship between anger proneness and suppression and OCD symptoms. A total of 2008 college students were recruited from a comprehensive university in Shanghai, China between February and May 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512439/long-time-exposure-to-violent-video-games-does-not-show-desensitization-on-empathy-for-pain-an-fmri-study
#6
Xuemei Gao, Wei Pan, Chao Li, Lei Weng, Mengyun Yao, Antao Chen
As a typical form of empathy, empathy for pain refers to the perception and appraisal of others' pain, as well as the corresponding affective responses. Numerous studies investigated the factors affecting the empathy for pain, in which the exposure to violent video games (VVGs) could change players' empathic responses to painful situations. However, it remains unclear whether exposure to VVG influences the empathy for pain. In the present study, in terms of the exposure experience to VVG, two groups of participants (18 in VVG group, VG; 17 in non-VVG group, NG) were screened from nearly 200 video game experience questionnaires...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505354/psychological-distress-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-and-their-partners-before-and-after-cancer-diagnosis-a-longitudinal-study
#7
Akira Oba, Naoki Nakaya, Kumi Saito-Nakaya, Masaru Hasumi, Hiroyuki Takechi, Seiji Arai, Nobuaki Shimizu
Objective: To examine the relative risk of psychological distress of men with prostate cancer and their partners during the period before and after prostate cancer diagnosis compared with men without prostate cancer and their partners. Methods: The participants reported questionnaires on psychological distress at four time points: before prostate cancer biopsy, and at 1, 3 and 6 months following prostate cancer diagnosis. We performed multiple logistic regression analyses to examine the relative risk of psychological distress...
May 15, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505180/empathic-nonverbal-behavior-increases-ratings-of-both-warmth-and-competence-in-a-medical-context
#8
Gordon T Kraft-Todd, Diego A Reinero, John M Kelley, Andrea S Heberlein, Lee Baer, Helen Riess
In medicine, it is critical that clinicians demonstrate both empathy (perceived as warmth) and competence. Perceptions of these qualities are often intuitive and are based on nonverbal behavior. Emphasizing both warmth and competence may prove problematic, however, because there is evidence that they are inversely related in other settings. We hypothesize that perceptions of physician competence will instead be positively correlated with perceptions of physician warmth and empathy, potentially due to changing conceptions of the physician's role...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504364/mindfulness-meditation-regulates-anterior-insula-activity-during-empathy-for-social-pain
#9
Davide Laneri, Sören Krach, Frieder M Paulus, Philipp Kanske, Verena Schuster, Jens Sommer, Laura Müller-Pinzler
Mindfulness has been shown to reduce stress, promote health, and well-being, as well as to increase compassionate behavior toward others. It reduces distress to one's own painful experiences, going along with altered neural responses, by enhancing self-regulatory processes and decreasing emotional reactivity. In order to investigate if mindfulness similarly reduces distress and neural activations associated with empathy for others' socially painful experiences, which might in the following more strongly motivate prosocial behavior, the present study compared trait, and state effects of long-term mindfulness meditation (LTM) practice...
May 15, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504334/advances-in-functional-brain-imaging-technology-and-developmental-neuro-psychology-their-applications-in-the-jungian-analytic-domain
#10
Leon Petchkovsky
Analytical psychology shares with many other psychotherapies the important task of repairing the consequences of developmental trauma. The majority of analytic patients come from compromised early developmental backgrounds: they may have experienced neglect, abuse, or failures of empathic resonance from their carers. Functional brain imagery techniques including Quantitative Electroencephalogram (QEEG), and functional Magnetic Resonance Imagery (fMRI), allow us to track mental processes in ways beyond verbal reportage and introspection...
June 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501444/modern-scleral-lenses-mini-versus-large
#11
REVIEW
Daddi Fadel
The evolution of scleral lenses has led to new formulations of scleral fitting concepts and designs. The diameters of modern scleral lenses have been overhauled too and they are smaller comparing to the original ones. Nowadays, prescription of mini-sclerals supposedly seems in major extension and it appears indeed the necessity of some practitioner to differentiate the smaller mini-scleral lenses from larger mini-scleral lenses empathizing that they are the "smaller" ones. Therefore, it is maybe, necessary a definition of mini-scleral lenses referring to the landing zone width in relation to the horizontal visible iris diameter (HVID) and the limbus extension...
May 10, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499346/occupational-burnout-and-empathy-influence-blood-pressure-control-in-primary-care-physicians
#12
Oriol Yuguero, Josep Ramon Marsal, Montserrat Esquerda, Jorge Soler-González
BACKGROUND: Good physician-patient communication can favor the adoption of healthy lifestyle habits, which is essential in high blood pressure (BP) management. More empathic physicians tend to have lower burnout and better communication skills. We analyzed the association between burnout and empathy among primary care physicians and nurses and investigated the influence on BP control performance. METHODS: Descriptive study conducted in 2014 investigating burnout and empathy levels in 267 primary care physicians and nurses and BP control data for 301,657 patients under their care...
May 12, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493364/explicating-the-role-of-empathic-processes-in-substance-use-disorders-a-conceptual-framework-and-research-agenda
#13
Suena H Massey, Rebecca L Newmark, Lauren S Wakschlag
ISSUES: Elucidating the role of empathic processes in developmental pathways to substance use disorders could have important implications for prevention. APPROACH: We searched the biomedical and social sciences literature to determine what is known about empathy and psychopathological manifestations of severe lack of empathy in the initiation, development and maintenance of psychoactive substance use. Thirty-seven empirical studies were identified and formally reviewed...
May 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486069/does-respite-care-address-the-needs-of-palliative-care-service-users-and-carers-their-perspectives-and-experiences
#14
Anna Wolkowski, Susan M Carr
AIM: To establish whether respite care addresses the needs of palliative care service users and carers. BACKGROUND: Respite care is often described in UK policy and guidance as a key need to providing support for this group and yet little is known about it and there is a lack of research to support its efficacy. DESIGN: The approach was qualitative and the methodology was interpretive. The method used was constructivist grounded theory. METHODS: Data collection was carried out by unstructured informal interview with three couples and two bereaved carers who had experienced hospice respite care...
April 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483718/the-impact-of-individuation-on-the-bases-of-human-empathic-responding
#15
John E Kiat, Jacob E Cheadle
While there is substantial overlap in the neural systems underlying empathy for people we know as opposed to strangers, social distance has been shown to significantly moderate empathic neural responses towards the negative experiences of others. Intriguingly however, variance in empathic neural responses towards known and unknown targets has not been reflected by behavioral differences as indexed by self-reported empathic ratings. One explanation for this disconnect is that empathic evaluations of known and unknown individuals draw on different bases (e...
May 5, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481575/accurate-where-it-counts-empathic-accuracy-on-conflict-and-no-conflict-days
#16
Gal Lazarus, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eshkol Rafaeli
When we are accurate regarding our partners' negative moods, are we seen as more responsive (and do we see them as such) as a function of the presence/absence of conflict? In 2 daily diary studies, empathic accuracy (EA) was assessed by comparing targets' daily negative moods with perceivers' inferences of these moods. We hypothesized that conflict will be associated with reductions in perceived partner responsiveness (PPR) for both parties; that on no-conflict days, EA will be positively associated with both parties' PPR; that on conflict days, this positive association will be stronger for targets but will become negative for perceivers; and that regardless of conflict, overestimation (vs...
May 8, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478848/the-role-of-psychological-factors-in-oncology-nurses-burnout-and-compassion-fatigue-symptoms
#17
Joana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
PURPOSE: This study explored the role of several psychological factors in professional quality of life in nurses. Specifically, we tried to clarify the relationships between several dimensions of empathy, self-compassion, and psychological inflexibility, and positive (compassion satisfaction) and negative (burnout and compassion fatigue) domains of professional quality of life. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, a convenience sample of 221 oncology nurses recruited from several public hospitals filling out a battery of self-report measures...
June 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468026/psychiatry-and-religion-opponents-or-collaborators-the-power-of-spirituality-in-contemporary-psychiatry
#18
Miro Jakovljević
Religion and psychiatry have had complicated, sometimes neutral or friendly and cooperative, sometimes competitive and antagonistic relations over their long histories. Relations between psychiatry and religion are influenced by complex belief systems, each diverse and changing. Psychiatry has often ignored spiritual and religious dimension in health and illness while religions influenced the treatment of mental disorders directly by defining mental disorders as evil spirit possessions and prescribing exorcism as treatment...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464865/empathy-in-psychoanalysis-and-medical-education-what-can-we-learn-from-each-other
#19
Henriette Löffler-Stastka, Felicitas Datz, Karoline Parth, Ingrid Preusche, Xenia Bukowski, Charles Seidman
BACKGROUND: Several research areas, including medical education (ME), focus on empathy as an important topic in interpersonal relationships. This focus is central to the use of communication skills related to empathy and even more crucial to provide information in a way that makes patients feel more involved in the treatment process. Psychoanalysis (PA) provides its initial concept of empathy based on affective aspects including findings from neuroscience and brain research. Enhancing cooperation between ME and PA can help to integrate both aspects of empathy into a longitudinal training program...
May 2, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459650/daily-spousal-responsiveness-predicts-longer-term-trajectories-of-patients-physical-function
#20
Stephanie J Wilson, Lynn M Martire, Martin J Sliwinski
Everyday interpersonal experiences may underlie the well-established link between close relationships and physical health, but multiple-timescale designs necessary for strong conclusions about temporal sequence are rarely used. The current study of 145 patients with knee osteoarthritis and their spouses focused on a novel pattern in everyday interactions, daily spousal responsiveness-the degree to which spouses' responses are calibrated to changes in patients' everyday verbal expression of pain. Using couple-level slopes, multilevel latent-variable growth models tested associations between three types of daily spousal responsiveness (empathic, solicitous, and punishing responsiveness), as measured during a 3-week experience-sampling study, and change in patients' physical function across 18 months...
April 1, 2017: Psychological Science
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