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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126138/-those-conversations-in-my-experience-don-t-go-well-a-qualitative-study-of-primary-care-provider-experiences-tapering-long-term-opioid-medications
#1
Laura C Kennedy, Ingrid A Binswanger, Shane R Mueller, Cari Levy, Daniel D Matlock, Susan L Calcaterra, Stephen Koester, Joseph W Frank
Objective: Given the risks of long-term opioid therapy, patients may benefit from tapering these medications. There is little evidence to guide providers' approach to this process. We explored primary care providers' experiences discussing and implementing opioid tapering with patients on long-term opioid therapy. Design: Qualitative study using six semistructured, in-person focus groups. Subjects: Primary care providers (N = 40). Setting: Six academically affiliated primary care clinics in university, urban safety net, and Veterans Health Administration medical centers in Colorado...
November 4, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119685/fundamental-care-and-knowledge-interests-implications-for-nursing-science
#2
José Granero-Molina, Cayetano Fernández-Sola, Ester Mateo Aguilar, Cayetano Aranda Torres, Pablo Román López, José Manuel Hernández-Padilla
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this discursive paper was to characterize the intra-theoretical interests of knowledge in nursing science as an epistemological framework for fundamental care. BACKGROUND: For Jürgen Habermas, theory does not separate knowledge interests from life. All knowledge, understanding and human research is always interested. Habermas formulated the knowledge interests in empirical-analytical, historical-hermeneutic and critical social sciences; but said nothing about health sciences and nursing science...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108859/-spanish-translation-and-validation-of-the-empathic-30-questionnaire-to-measure-parental-satisfaction-in-intensive-care-units
#3
Francisco Javier Pilar Orive, Jasone Basabe Lozano, Aurora López Zuñiga, Yolanda M López Fernández, Julene Escudero Argaluza, Jos M Latour
INTRODUCTION: Few validated surveys measuring parental satisfaction in the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) are available, and none of them in Spanish language. The aim of this study is to translate and validate the questionnaire EMpowerment of PArents in THe Intensive Care (EMPATHIC). This questionnaire measures parental perceptions of paediatric intensive care-related satisfaction items in the Spanish language. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was carried out using questionnaires completed by relatives of children (range 0-17 years old) admitted into a tertiary PICU...
November 3, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104537/consciously-feeling-the-pain-of-others-reflects-atypical-functional-connectivity-between-the-pain-matrix-and-frontal-parietal-regions
#4
Thomas Grice-Jackson, Hugo D Critchley, Michael J Banissy, Jamie Ward
Around a quarter of the population report "mirror pain" experiences in which bodily sensations of pain are elicited in response to viewing another person in pain. We have shown that this population of responders further fractionates into two distinct subsets (Sensory/localized and Affective/General), which presents an important opportunity to investigate the neural underpinnings of individual differences in empathic responses. Our study uses fMRI to determine how regions involved in the perception of pain interact with regions implicated in empathic regulation in these two groups, relative to controls...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102786/social-interaction-with-a-cagemate-in-pain-increases-allogrooming-and-induces-pain-hypersensitivity-in-the-observer-rats
#5
Yun-Fei Lu, Bo Ren, Bin-Fang Ling, Jing Zhang, Chen Xu, Zhen Li
Empathy, which is a highly cognitive and emotional process, is the ability to share the emotional states of others. Empathy has also been observed in rodents. The empathic sharing of the distressful experience of a conspecific can even motivate altruistic behaviors, which are critical for survival. However, previous studies investigating empathy or prosocial behaviors in rodents mainly employed fearful or other stressful stimuli to elicit emotional changes; whether pain empathy can also motivate prosocial behaviors has yet to be investigated...
November 7, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098403/nuclear-organization-of-the-african-elephant-loxodonta-africana-amygdaloid-complex-an-unusual-mammalian-amygdala
#6
Aude'Marie Limacher-Burrell, Adhil Bhagwandin, Busisiwe C Maseko, Paul R Manger
Here we describe the nuclear organization of the African elephant amygdaloid complex using Nissl, myelin, and a range of immunohistochemical stains. The African elephant is thought to exhibit many affect-laden and social-empathic behaviours; however, to date the amygdaloid complex, which is the generator of emotional states of the brain is yet to be fully explored in the elephants. For the most part, the amygdaloid complex of the African elephant is similar to that observed in other mammals in terms of the presence of nuclei and their topological relationships; however, we did observe several specific differences in amygdaloid organization...
November 2, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091235/predicting-trans-inclusive-attitudes-of-undergraduate-nursing-students
#7
Chris Brown, Chad J Keller, Jenna M Brownfield, Rebekah Lee
BACKGROUND: Research informs that transgender individuals experience harsh and negative experiences when accessing medical care. As a person of contact, nurses serve a key role in providing a sense of emotional safety for transgender patients. METHOD: Undergraduate nursing students (N = 265) completed an online survey assessing transprejudice attitudes and other individual-difference variables (e.g., openness to experience, attribution of cause for being transgender, and empathic concern)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083208/a-meta-analysis-of-prosocial-media-on-prosocial-behavior-aggression-and-empathic-concern-a-multidimensional-approach
#8
Sarah M Coyne, Laura M Padilla-Walker, Hailey G Holmgren, Emilie J Davis, Kevin M Collier, Madison K Memmott-Elison, Alan J Hawkins
Studies examining the effects of exposure to prosocial media on positive outcomes are increasing in number and strength. However, existing meta-analyses use a broad definition of prosocial media that does not recognize the multidimensionality of prosocial behavior. The aim of the current study is to conduct a meta-analysis on the effects of exposure to prosocial media on prosocial behavior, aggression, and empathic concern while examining multiple moderators that the prosocial behavior literature suggests are important to our understanding of why individuals voluntarily help others (e...
October 30, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077873/burnout-in-nurses-working-with-youth-with-chronic-pain-a-pilot-intervention
#9
Nikita P Rodrigues, Lindsey L Cohen, Susanna Crowell McQuarrie, Bonney Reed-Knight
Objective: Nurse burnout is a significant issue, with repercussions for the nurse, patients, and health-care system. Our prior mixed-methods analyses helped inform a model of burnout in nurses working with youth with chronic pain. Our aims were to (a) detail the development of an intervention to decrease burnout; (b) evaluate the intervention's feasibility and acceptability; and (c) provide preliminary outcomes on the intervention. Method: In total, 33 nurses working on a pediatric inpatient care unit that admits patients with chronic pain conditions participated in the single-session 90-min groups (eight to nine nurses per group)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073600/new-insight-into-affectivity-in-schizophrenia-from-the-phenomenology-of-marc-richir
#10
Tudi Gozé, Till Grohmann, Jean Naudin, Michel Cermolacce
BACKGROUND: According to Karl Jaspers, psychopathology requires a comprehensive method, understood as a systematic exploration of the first-person perspective of the patient's experience. At the same time, however, schizophrenia for Jaspers is characterized by its radical incomprehensibility. In addition, Rümke's so-called "praecox feeling" paradoxically combines the incomprehensibility of schizophrenic experience and the evidence of its pathological manifestation in the encounter. AIM: Through a re-examination of the notions of affectivity and interaffective contact we propose a coherent theoretical model to explain the clinician's paradoxical understanding of schizophrenia...
October 27, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070956/the-role-of-secure-attachment-empathic-self-efficacy-and-stress-perception-in-causal-beliefs-related-to-mental-illness-a-cross-cultural-study-italy-versus-israel
#11
Stefania Mannarini, Alisa Reikher, Sharon Shani, Inbal Shani-Zinovich
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that "mental illness etiological beliefs" and attitudes toward mentally ill people are significantly related; it has also been demonstrated that adult attachment style and empathic self-efficacy affect such attitudes. Moreover, community or regional culture has a significant impact on etiology beliefs and attitudes toward the mentally sick. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out this study in Italy and Israel among psychology students to compare two cultures in regards to causal beliefs of mental disorders and the roles that specific variables, such as secure attachment, empathic self-efficacy, and stress, play in etiological beliefs...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055680/oxytocin-increases-attention-to-the-eyes-and-selectively-enhances-self-reported-affective-empathy-for-fear
#12
Kelly Hubble, Katie Daughters, Antony S R Manstead, Aled Rees, Anita Thapar, Stephanie H M van Goozen
Oxytocin (OXT) has previously been implicated in a range of prosocial behaviors such as trust and emotion recognition. Nevertheless, recent studies have questioned the evidence for this link. In addition, there has been relatively little conclusive research on the effect of OXT on empathic ability and such studies as there are have not examined the mechanisms through which OXT might affect empathy, or whether OXT selectively facilitates empathy for specific emotions. In the current study, we used eye-tracking to assess attention to socially relevant information while participants viewed dynamic, empathy-inducing video clips, in which protagonists expressed sadness, happiness, pain or fear...
October 18, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054077/relationship-between-empathic-processing-and-drinking-behavior-in-project-match
#13
Charles S H Robinson, Kathryn Fokas, Katie Witkiewitz
INTRODUCTION: Family relationships, social connectedness and a greater network of supportive others each predict better drinking outcomes among individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD). The association between social factors and drinking may be related to the ability of individuals to take the perspectives of others' mental and emotional states, defined as empathic processing (EP). As such, it may be the case that EP is associated with social support (SS) and drinking behavior among individuals with AUD, yet few prior studies have attempted to define EP in an AUD sample...
October 3, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048323/dimensional-structure-and-measurement-invariance-of-the-interpersonal-reactivity-index-iri-across-gender
#14
Beatriz Lucas-Molina, Alicia Pérez-Albéniz, Javier Ortuño-Sierra, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero
BACKGROUND: The main goal of the present study was to examine the dimensional structure and measurement invariance of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI; Davis, 1980) across gender. METHOD: Two Spanish samples comprising 2,499 college students (71.2% women; M = 21.06 years) and 1,438 adults (57.8% women; M = 40.01 years) completed the IRI. RESULTS: The study of the internal structure, using Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling (ESEM), revealed that the four-factor structure (Perspective Taking, Fantasy, Empathic Concern, and Personal Distress) fitted well to the college students’ data; however, in the sample of adults all factorial models showed modest goodness-of-fit indexes...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048311/impact-of-the-intensive-program-of-emotional-intelligence-ipei-on-work-supervisors
#15
Gustavo A Rodríguez García, Belén López-Pérez, Manuel A Férreo Cruzado, María E Fernández Carrascoso, Juan Fernández
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the Intensive Program of Emotional Intelligence (IPEI; Fernández, 2016; Férreo, 2016) on middle managers’ emotional intelligence, as this variable may have a significant impact on personal satisfaction, task performance, and the work environment. METHOD: The intervention was applied to work team supervisors in a large call center, as it is an overlooked sector in this topic. Two-hundred and eighty-two supervisors from a Madrid-based, Spanish multinational (51...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040750/cool-callous-and-in-control-superior-inhibitory-control-in-frequent-players-of-video-games-with-violent-content
#16
Laura Stockdale, Robert G Morrison, Robert Palumbo, James Garbarino, Rebecca L Silton
Research on the effects of media violence exposure has shown robust associations among violent media exposure, increased aggressive behavior, and decreased empathy. Preliminary research indicates that frequent players of violent video games may have differences in emotional and cognitive processes compared to infrequent or non-players, yet research examining the amount and content of game play and the relation of these factors with affective and cognitive outcomes is limited. The present study measured neural correlates of response inhibition in the context of implicit attention to emotion, and how these factors are related to empathic responding in frequent and infrequent players of video games with graphically violent content...
October 4, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032087/are-we-really-measuring-empathy-proposal-for-a-new-measurement-framework
#17
REVIEW
Michel-Pierre Coll, Essi Viding, Markus Rütgen, Giorgia Silani, Claus Lamm, Caroline Catmur, Geoffrey Bird
Empathy - currently defined as the sharing of another's affective state - has been the focus of much psychological and neuroscientific research in the last decade, much of which has been focused on ascertaining the empathic ability of individuals with various clinical conditions. However, most of this work tends to overlook the fact that empathy is the result of a complex process requiring a number of intermediate processing steps. It is therefore the case that describing an individual or group as 'lacking empathy' lacks specificity...
October 13, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027364/a-functional-polymorphism-of-the-oxtr-gene-is-associated-with-autistic-traits-in-caucasian-and-asian-populations
#18
Christian Montag, Cornelia Sindermann, Martin Melchers, Sonja Jung, Ruixue Luo, Benjamin Becker, Jiang Xie, Wenming Xu, Adam J Guastella, Keith M Kendrick
There is increasing evidence for associations between polymorphisms of the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene and autism spectrum disorder, but to date no study has established links with autistic traits in healthy subjects and potential cultural differences. The present research firstly investigated associations between three widely studied OXTR SNPs and autistic and empathic traits (rs53576 (G/A); rs2254298 (G/A); rs2268498 (T/C)) in two independent studies on male and female Caucasian (n = 537) and Chinese students (n = 280)...
December 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026123/music-induced-happy-mood-suppresses-the-neural-responses-to-other-s-pain-evidences-from-an-erp-study
#19
Jiaping Cheng, Can Jiao, Yuejia Luo, Fang Cui
In the current study, we explored the time course of processing other's pain under induced happy or sad moods. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded when participants observing pictures showing others in painful or non-painful situations. Mood induction procedures were applied to the participants before the picture observation task. Happy and sad moods were induced by listening to about 10 minutes of music excerpts selected from the Chinese Affective Music System (CAMS). The ERP results revealed that the induced mood can influence the early automatic components N1, P2, and N2 but not the later top-down controlled components P3 and LPP...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023499/understanding-the-perceived-logic-of-care-by-vaccine-hesitant-and-vaccine-refusing-parents-a-qualitative-study-in-australia
#20
Paul R Ward, Katie Attwell, Samantha B Meyer, Philippa Rokkas, Julie Leask
In terms of public health, childhood vaccination programs have benefits that far outweigh risks. However, some parents decide not to vaccinate their children. This paper explores the ways in which such parents talked about the perceived risks and benefits incurred by vaccinating (or not vaccinating) their children. Between 2013-2016 we undertook 29 in-depth interviews with non-vaccinating and/or 'vaccine hesitant' parents in Australia. Interviews were conducted in an open and non-judgmental manner, akin to empathic neutrality...
2017: PloS One
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