keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

empathic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644412/a-systematic-review-of-fatalities-related-to-acute-ingestion-of-salt-a-need-for-warning-labels
#1
REVIEW
Norm R C Campbell, Emma J Train
There are sporadic cases of fatalities from acutely eating salt. Yet, on social media, there are "challenges to" and examples of children and some adults acutely eating salt, and recently a charity advocated eating small amounts of salt to empathize with Syrian refugees. We performed a systematic review of fatalities from ingesting salt to assess if relatively moderate doses of salt could be fatal. In 27 reports, there were 35 fatalities documented (19 in adults and 16 in children). The lethal dose was estimated to be less than 10 g of sodium (<5 teaspoons of salt) in two children, and less than 25 g sodium in four adults (<4 tablespoons of salt)...
June 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639811/violent-video-game-effects-remain-a-societal-concern-reply-to-hilgard-engelhardt-and-rouder-2017
#2
Sven Kepes, Brad J Bushman, Craig A Anderson
A large meta-analysis by Anderson et al. (2010) found that violent video games increased aggressive thoughts, angry feelings, physiological arousal, and aggressive behavior and decreased empathic feelings and helping behavior. Hilgard, Engelhardt, and Rouder (2017) reanalyzed the data of Anderson et al. (2010) using newer publication bias methods (i.e., precision-effect test, precision-effect estimate with standard error, p-uniform, p-curve). Based on their reanalysis, Hilgard, Engelhardt, and Rouder concluded that experimental studies examining the effect of violent video games on aggressive affect and aggressive behavior may be contaminated by publication bias, and these effects are very small when corrected for publication bias...
July 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638517/writing-well-the-long-term-effect-on-empathy-observation-and-physician-writing-through-a-residency-writers-workshop
#3
Megan Lemay, John Encandela, Lisa Sanders, Anna Reisman
BACKGROUND: Writing narratives during medical training can provide a way to derive meaning from challenging experiences, enhance reflection, and combat burnout. The Yale Internal Medicine Residency Writers' Workshop, an annual 2-day intensive workshop followed by faculty-guided writing revision and publication, has been training resident physicians in the craft of writing since 2003. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to assess the long-term effects of a craft-focused writers' workshop for residents on empathy, observation skills, and future writing...
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637246/effect-of-psilocybin-on-empathy-and-moral-decision-making
#4
Thomas Pokorny, Katrin H Preller, Michael Kometer, Isabel Dziobek, Franz X Vollenweider
Background: Impaired empathic abilities lead to severe negative social consequences and influence the development and treatment of several psychiatric disorders. Furthermore, empathy has been shown to play a crucial role in moral and prosocial behaviour. Although the serotonin (5-HT) system has been implicated in modulating empathy and moral behaviour, the relative contribution of the various 5-HT receptor subtypes is still unknown. Methods: We investigated the acute effect of psilocybin (0...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636746/evaluation-of-the-parent-report-inventory-of-callous-unemotional-traits-in-a-sample-of-children-recruited-from-intimate-partner-violence-services-a-multidimensional-rasch-analysis
#5
Shelby Elaine McDonald, Lin Ma, Kathy E Green, Stephanie A Hitti, Anna M Cody, Courtney Donovan, James Herbert Williams, Frank R Ascione
OBJECTIVE: Our study applied multidimensional item response theory (MIRT) to compare structural models of the parent-report version of the Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits (ICU; English and North American Spanish translations). METHOD: A total of 291 maternal caregivers were recruited from community-based domestic violence services and reported on their children (77.9% ethnic minority; 47% female), who ranged in age from 7 to 12 years (mean = 9.07, standard deviation = 1...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632770/men-women%C3%A2-who-cares-a-population-based-study-on-sex-differences-and-gender-roles-in-empathy-and-moral-cognition
#6
Sandra Baez, Daniel Flichtentrei, María Prats, Ricardo Mastandueno, Adolfo M García, Marcelo Cetkovich, Agustín Ibáñez
Research on sex differences in empathy has revealed mixed findings. Whereas experimental and neuropsychological measures show no consistent sex effect, self-report data consistently indicates greater empathy in women. However, available results mainly come from separate populations with relatively small samples, which may inflate effect sizes and hinder comparability between both empirical corpora. To elucidate the issue, we conducted two large-scale studies. First, we examined whether sex differences emerge in a large population-based sample (n = 10,802) when empathy is measured with an experimental empathy-for-pain paradigm...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631972/an-analysis-of-self-the-development-and-assessment-of-a-measure-of-selfobject-needs
#7
Eamonn Arble, Douglas Barnett
Based on the psychoanalysis of adults with borderline and narcissistic personality disorder symptoms, Kohut ( 1971 , 1977, 1980, 1984) formulated a theory of self psychology that emphasized the importance of early developmental experiences; most centrally, the empathic attunement of caregivers as key ingredients for fostering the capacity for healthy self-regulation and interpersonal relations. Kohut elaborated 3 critical selfobject needs (i.e., idealizing, mirroring, and twinship) that were ideally satiated by these early experiences, deeming the fulfillment of these needs as essential for developing a healthy sense of self...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630517/enhancing-student-communication-skills-through-arabic-language-competency-and-simulated-patient-assessments
#8
Sanah Hasan, Hamadeh M Khier Tarazi, Dana Abdel Halim Hilal
Objective. To assess student communication and patient management skill with introduction of Arabic and use of simulated patient assessments to a communication and counseling course. Design. Five, 3-hour tutorials (clinical skill laboratory) were added to the course covering: listening and empathic responding, non-verbal communications, interviewing skills, assertiveness, counseling in special situations: conflict, anger, worry or rushed situations, and professional decision making. Arabic content was introduced to the course to enhance Arabic communications and competence among students...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630515/emotional-intelligence-and-its-effect-on-pharmacists-and-pharmacy-students-with-autistic-like-traits
#9
Yuji Higuchi, Masatoshi Inagaki, Toshihiro Koyama, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Toshiaki Sendo, Maiko Fujimori, Hitomi Kataoka, Chinatsu Hayashibara, Yosuke Uchitomi, Norihito Yamada
Objective. To measure whether Emotional intelligence (EI) would minimize the negative association between autistic-like traits (ALT) and empathic behavior and enhance the positive association between ALT and psychological distress. Methods. Our sample population included 823 hospital pharmacists belonging to a district society, and 378 pharmacy students. Analyses were performed to examine relationships between scores on the Emotional Intelligence Scale (EQS), Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ), Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE), and General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ)...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627907/the-role-of-empathy-in-experiencing-vicarious-anxiety
#10
Jocelyn Shu, Samuel Hassell, Jochen Weber, Kevin N Ochsner, Dean Mobbs
With depictions of others facing threats common in the media, the experience of vicarious anxiety may be prevalent in the general population. However, the phenomenon of vicarious anxiety-the experience of anxiety in response to observing others expressing anxiety-and the interpersonal mechanisms underlying it have not been fully investigated in prior research. In 4 studies, we investigate the role of empathy in experiencing vicarious anxiety, using film clips depicting target victims facing threats. In Studies 1 and 2, trait emotional empathy was associated with greater self-reported anxiety when observing target victims, and with perceiving greater anxiety to be experienced by the targets...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626175/characteristics-and-gender-differences-in-the-medical-interview-skills-of-japanese-medical-students
#11
Akiko Sugawara, Kazunobu Ishikawa, Ryo Motoya, Gen Kobayashi, Yoko Moroi, Tetsuhito Fukushima
Objective To examine the characteristics of the communication skills of medical students, we observed their performance during introductory medical interview training with simulated patients (SPs). Methods The subjects of the present study included fifth-year medical students (male, n=180, female, n=99) who were undergoing clinical training in Japan from 2012 to 2014. Each student was assigned to one of four 10-minute clinical scenarios, which was conducted with an SP. Three or four teachers observed and assessed the performance of each of the students...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623497/-psychiatric-emergencies
#12
F Schneider, S Weber-Papen
Psychiatric emergencies present a frequent and interdisciplinary challenge. Clinical diagnosis and management are complicated by the acuity, and the patient's compliance is often limited by the illness. Psychiatric emergencies include states of acute agitation, suicidality, delirium, stupor, and drug-induced emergencies. Sometimes interventions such as conversational contact, responding empathically to patients, or "talking down" are sufficient. If pharmacotherapy is necessary, benzodiazepines and antipsychotic drugs are the primary agents of choice...
June 16, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615963/frequency-dependent-changes-in-sensorimotor-and-pain-affective-systems-induced-by-empathy-for-pain
#13
Yoshimasa Motoyama, Katsuya Ogata, Sumio Hoka, Shozo Tobimatsu
BACKGROUND: Empathy for pain helps us to understand the pain of others indirectly. To better comprehend the processing of empathic pain, we report the frequency-dependent modulation of cortical oscillations induced by watching movies depicting pain using high-density electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), and motor evoked potentials (MEP). METHODS: Event-related desynchronization of EEG and MEG was assessed while participants viewed videos of painful (needle) or neutral (cotton swab) situations...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614490/empathic-skills-and-theory-of-mind-in-female-adolescents-with-conduct-disorder
#14
Olber E Arango Tobón, Antonio Olivera-La Rosa, Viviana Restrepo Tamayo, Isabel C Puerta Lopera
Objective: Most studies on conduct disorder (CD) have focused on male adolescents, disregarding analysis of this psychopathology in women. The purpose of this study was to identify differences in empathy and theory of mind (ToM) in a group of adolescent women with CD and a control group. Method: Thirty-six adolescent women were selected from an initial sample of 239 adolescents (CD group = 18, control group = 18). Empathy and ToM were evaluated through objective instruments...
June 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608419/empathic-responding-in-preschool-aged-children-with-familial-risk-for-autism
#15
Nicole M McDonald, Haley G Murphy, Daniel S Messinger
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show deficits in social and emotional reciprocity, which often include empathic responding. The younger siblings of children with ASD (high-risk siblings) are at elevated risk for ASD and for subclinical deficits in social-emotional functioning. Higher levels of empathy in high-risk siblings during the second and third years of life predict fewer ASD symptoms and likelihood of diagnosis. We conducted a multi-method investigation of empathic responding to an examiner's accident in 30 low-risk and 48 high-risk siblings with (n = 12) and without ASD outcomes (n = 36) at 4-6 years of age...
June 12, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604264/emotional-uses-of-facebook-and-twitter
#16
Jose Errasti, Isaac Amigo, Manuel Villadangos
Facebook and Twitter have change interpersonal relationships. Adolescents are the sector of the population who use most these networks. They use them in an emotional way, to express their emotions and to comment on those of others. Empathy, narcissism, and self-esteem may play an important role in the use of these networks. Using a sample of 503 Spanish adolescents (272 males, 231 females), this work studies the relationship between the Basic Empathy Scale, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and emotional and empathic use of Facebook and Twitter...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602689/empathic-care-and-distress-predictive-brain-markers-and-dissociable-brain-systems
#17
Yoni K Ashar, Jessica R Andrews-Hanna, Sona Dimidjian, Tor D Wager
Encountering another's suffering can elicit both empathic distress and empathic care-the warm desire to affiliate. It remains unclear whether these two feelings can be accurately and differentially predicted from neural activity and to what extent their neural substrates can be distinguished. We developed fMRI markers predicting moment-by-moment intensity levels of care and distress intensity while participants (n = 66) listened to true biographies describing human suffering. Both markers' predictions correlated strongly with self-report in out-of-sample participants (r = 0...
May 30, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601927/what-makes-you-so-sure-dogmatism-fundamentalism-analytic-thinking-perspective-taking-and-moral-concern-in-the-religious-and-nonreligious
#18
Jared Parker Friedman, Anthony Ian Jack
Better understanding the psychological factors related to certainty in one's beliefs (i.e., dogmatism) has important consequences for both individuals and social groups. Generally, beliefs can find support from at least two different routes of information processing: social/moral considerations or analytic/empirical reasoning. Here, we investigate how these two psychological constructs relate to dogmatism in two groups of individuals who preferentially draw on the former or latter sort of information when forming beliefs about the world-religious and nonreligious individuals...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597293/reducing-uncertainty-in-sustainable-interpersonal-service-relationships-the-role-of-aesthetics
#19
Ioannis Xenakis
Sustainable interpersonal service relationships (SISRs) are the outcome of a design process that supports situated meaningful interactions between those being served and those in service. Service design is not just directed to simply satisfy the ability to perceive the psychological state of others, but more importantly, it should aim at preserving these relationships in relation to the contextual requirements that they functionally need, in order to be or remain sustainable. However, SISRs are uncertain since they have many possibilities to be in error in the sense that the constructed, situated meanings may finally be proven unsuccessful for the anticipations and the goals of those people engaged in a SISR...
June 8, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597171/hypopituitarism-is-associated-with-lower-oxytocin-concentrations-and-reduced-empathic-ability
#20
Katie Daughters, Antony S R Manstead, D Aled Rees
PURPOSE: Central diabetes insipidus is characterised by arginine vasopressin deficiency. Oxytocin is structurally related to vasopressin and is synthesised in the same hypothalamic nuclei, thus we hypothesised that patients with acquired central diabetes insipidus and anterior hypopituitarism would display an oxytocin deficiency. Moreover, psychological research has demonstrated that oxytocin influences social and emotional behaviours, particularly empathic behaviour. We therefore further hypothesised that central diabetes insipidus patients would perform worse on empathy-related tasks, compared to age-matched and gender-matched clinical control (clinical control-isolated anterior hypopituitarism) and healthy control groups...
June 8, 2017: Endocrine
keyword
keyword
63417
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"