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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324826/facial-responsiveness-of-psychopaths-to-the-emotional-expressions-of-others
#1
Janina Künecke, Andreas Mokros, Sally Olderbak, Oliver Wilhelm
Psychopathic individuals show selfish, manipulative, and antisocial behavior in addition to emotional detachment and reduced empathy. Their empathic deficits are thought to be associated with a reduced responsiveness to emotional stimuli. Immediate facial muscle responses to the emotional expressions of others reflect the expressive part of emotional responsiveness and are positively related to trait empathy. Empirical evidence for reduced facial muscle responses in adult psychopathic individuals to the emotional expressions of others is rare...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318415/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-factors-associated-with-therapeutic-alliances
#2
Tyrone C Cheng, Celia C Lo
This study examined the impact, on therapeutic alliances, made by client motivation to change, insight, mistrust, and other factors; as well as therapist's clinical experience. This secondary data analysis used a sample of 212 client respondents extracted from the Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program's data set. Results of generalized least squares random-effects modeling showed a significant impact exerted by client social-adjustment difficulties, insight, alcohol use, and gender; and client-therapist matching gender...
January 9, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306887/developing-professional-caregivers-empathy-and-emotional-competencies-through-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-results-of-two-proof-of-concept-studies
#3
Martin Lamothe, Pierre McDuff, Yves D Pastore, Michel Duval, Serge Sultan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR)-based intervention and determine if the intervention is associated with a significant signal on empathy and emotional competencies. DESIGN: Two pre-post proof-of-concept studies. SETTING: Participants were recruited at the University of Montreal's Psychology Department (Study 1) and the CHU Sainte-Justine Department of Hematology-Oncology (Study 2)...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304879/neonatal-intensive-care-parent-satisfaction-a-multicenter-study-translating-and-validating-the-italian-empathic-n-questionnaire
#4
Immacolata Dall'Oglio, Martina Fiori, Emanuela Tiozzo, Rachele Mascolo, Anna Portanova, Orsola Gawronski, Angela Ragni, Patrizia Amadio, Antonello Cocchieri, Roberta Fida, Rosaria Alvaro, Gennaro Rocco, Jos M Latour
BACKGROUND: In Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs), parent satisfaction and their experiences are fundamental to assess clinical practice and improve the quality of care delivered to infants and parents. Recently, a specific instrument, the EMpowerment of PArents in THe Intensive Care-Neonatology (EMPATHIC-N), has been developed in the Netherlands. This instrument investigated different domains of care in NICUs from a family-centered care perspective. In Italy, no rigorous instruments are available to evaluate parent satisfaction and experiences in NICU with family-centered care...
January 5, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304071/association-between-glutamate-transporter-gene-polymorphisms-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-trait-empathy-in-a-korean-population
#5
Hae Won Kim, Jee In Kang, Eun Hee Hwang, Se Joo Kim
Accumulating evidence suggests that the glutamatergic system plays a major role in the pathophysiology of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and empathic processing. Particularly, genetic influence of glutamate transporter gene (SLC1A1) on OCD has been frequently replicated in previous studies, but several studies did not replicate the result. Therefore, we aimed to replicate the associations between the SLC1A1 and OCD in a Korean population. In addition, we investigated the influence of SLC1A1 on trait empathy, impairments in which are characteristic of OCD...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297594/the-impact-of-undergraduate-occupational-therapy-students-interpersonal-skills-on-their-practice-education-performance-a-pilot-study
#6
Mong-Lin Yu, Ted Brown, Carolynne White, Celia Marston, Laura Thyer
BACKGROUND/AIM: Interpersonal skills such as active listening, verbal communication and body language are essential competencies for occupational therapists, and students are expected to demonstrate these skills when completing practice placements. To investigate whether interpersonal skills are predictive of occupational therapy students' practice performance. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving third and fourth year occupational therapy undergraduate students (n = 70)...
January 3, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294731/therapeutic-change-in-group-therapy-for-interpersonal-trauma-a-relational-framework-for-research-and-clinical-practice
#7
Zoë Chouliara, Thanos Karatzias, Angela Gullone, Sandra Ferguson, Katie Cosgrove, Claire Burke Draucker
Our understanding of therapeutic change processes in group therapy for complex interpersonal trauma has been limited. The present study aimed at addressing this gap by developing a framework of therapeutic change in this field from a survivor and therapist perspective. This is a qualitative study, which utilized semistructured individual interviews. Transcripts were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) to identify recurrent themes. A final sample of n = 16 patients and n = 5 facilitators completed the interview...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294699/listening-to-the-therapeutic-needs-of-male-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#8
Charlene Rapsey, Anna Campbell, Ken Clearwater, Tess Patterson
Childhood sexual abuse of males is not uncommon with estimated prevalence rates across countries and different studies indicating that 8% of boys experience sexual abuse before age 18. A number of adverse outcomes are recognized in terms of mental health, behavioral, and relational difficulties. However, research also indicates that there is potential for healing. The present study explores the barriers, benefits, and processes involved in engagement in formal therapy for adult survivors of CSA from the male survivor's point of view...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289452/empathic-accuracy-deficits-in-patients-with-neurodegenerative-disease-association-with-caregiver-depression
#9
Casey L Brown, Sandy J Lwi, Madeleine S Goodkind, Katherine P Rankin, Jennifer Merrilees, Bruce L Miller, Robert W Levenson
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether deficits in empathic accuracy (i.e., ability to recognize emotion in others) in patients with neurodegenerative disease are associated with greater depression in their caregivers. DESIGN: Two cross-sectional studies. SETTING: Academic medical center and research university. PARTICIPANTS: Two independent samples (N = 172, N = 63) of patients with a variety of neurodegenerative diseases and their caregivers; comparison group of healthy couples...
December 27, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279069/reconsidering-the-decline-of-dental-student-empathy-within-the-course-in-latin-america
#10
Víctor Patricio Díaz-Narváez, Ana María Erazo Coronado, Jorge Luis Bilbao, Farith González, Mariela Padilla, Aracelis Calzadilla-Nuñez, Maria Guadalupe Silva-Vetri, Joel Arboleda, Mirian Bullen, Robert Utsman, Elizabeth Fajardo, Luz Marina Alonso, Marcos Cervantes, Teresa Varela
INTRODUCTION: The controversy over the presence of empathic decline within the course in students of medicine, dentistry and health sciences in general, has not fully been studied. This controversy could be partially solved if massive studies of empathy levels are made in similar cultural, social and economic contexts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Empathy levels within the course were studied in eighteen dental schools from six countries in Latin America (2013). The mean of the empathy levels were used to study the behavior between first and fifth academic years...
November 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276575/parochial-empathy-predicts-reduced-altruism-and-the-endorsement-of-passive-harm
#11
Emile G Bruneau, Mina Cikara, Rebecca Saxe
Empathic failures are common in hostile intergroup contexts; repairing empathy is therefore a major focus of peacebuilding efforts. However, it is unclear which aspect of empathy is most relevant to intergroup conflict. Although trait empathic concern predicts prosociality in interpersonal settings, we hypothesized that the best predictor of meaningful intergroup attitudes and behaviors might not be the general capacity for empathy (i.e., trait empathy), but the difference in empathy felt for the in-group versus the out-group, or "parochial empathy...
November 2017: Social Psychological and Personality Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251445/emotion-work-in-qualitative-research-interviewing-parents-about-neonatal-care
#12
Julia Petty
BACKGROUND: 'Emotion work' is a term used to describe the emotional responses that may arise in qualitative research exploring difficult experiences. Parents' experiences of neonatal care can raise sensitive issues during interviews, which may lead to emotional responses. AIM: To reflect on an interpretive study involving narrative interviews with parents of preterm neonates, to inform researchers about the potential emotive issues that may arise in such work. DISCUSSION: Reflection on interviews with parents of preterm neonates revealed areas for discussion relating to emotion work, the role of the researcher, emotional connections and empathic interviewing...
December 18, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248397/comparison-of-low-back-mobility-and-stability-exercises-from-pilates-in-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Iã Ferreira Miranda, Catiane Souza, Alexandre Tavares Schneider, Leandro Campos Chagas, Jefferson Fagundes Loss
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence in the literature about the effectiveness of the Pilates methods in the low back pain. Moreover, Pilates focus on exercises that empathizes the stability and/or mobility of the spine. Therefore, it is discussed in the literature whether higher levels of stability or mobility of the lumbar spine generates better results, both in performance and rehabilitation for low back pain. OBJECTIVES: Compare the effects of the low back mobility and stability exercises from Pilates Method on low back pain, disability and movement functionality in individuals with non-specific chronic low back pain...
December 8, 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246258/palliative-care-and-the-arts-vehicles-to-introduce-medical-students-to-patient-centred-decision-making-and-the-art-of-caring
#14
Carlos Centeno, Carole Robinson, Antonio Noguera-Tejedor, María Arantzamendi, Fernando Echarri, José Pereira
BACKGROUND: Medical Schools are challenged to improve palliative care education and to find ways to introduce and nurture attitudes and behaviours such as empathy, patient-centred care and wholistic care. This paper describes the curriculum and evaluation results of a unique course centred on palliative care decision-making but aimed at introducing these other important competencies as well. METHODS: The 20 h-long optional course, presented in an art museum, combined different learning methods, including reflections on art, case studies, didactic sessions, personal experiences of faculty, reflective trigger videos and group discussions...
December 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241964/george-macaulay-a-short-biography-and-his-place-in-the-history-of-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#15
REVIEW
Paul S Cullis, Carl Davis
George Macaulay (1716-1766) was a Scot admired for his work as an obstetric physician, philanthropist, author, and feminist, but whom history has largely forgotten. In a time rampant with misogyny, Macaulay empathized with women, discouraged sexism within institutions, and contributed to the training of midwives. He spent much of his career working at the British Lying-in Hospital in London. Perhaps most importantly, he worked tirelessly for this hospital, contributed to various medical innovations, and reported several medical cases throughout his career, including that of congenital diaphragmatic hernia, almost a century before the anatomist whose eponymous name it bears...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239638/empathy-trumps-prejudice-the-longitudinal-relation-between-empathy-and-anti-immigrant-attitudes-in-adolescence
#16
Marta Miklikowska
Although research has shown the effects of empathy manipulations on prejudice, little is known about the long-term relation between empathy and prejudice development, the direction of effects, and the relative effects of cognitive and affective aspects of empathy. Moreover, research has not examined within-person processes; hence, its practical implications are unclear. In addition, longitudinal research on development of prejudice and empathy in adolescence is still scarce. This 3-wave study of adolescents (N = 574) examined a longitudinal, within-person relation between empathy and anti-immigrant attitudes...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234295/punish-the-perpetrator-or-compensate-the-victim-gain-vs-loss-context-modulate-third-party-altruistic-behaviors
#17
Yingjie Liu, Lin Li, Li Zheng, Xiuyan Guo
Third-party punishment and third-party compensation are primary responses to observed norms violations. Previous studies mostly investigated these behaviors in gain rather than loss context, and few study made direct comparison between these two behaviors. We conducted three experiments to investigate third-party punishment and third-party compensation in the gain and loss context. Participants observed two persons playing Dictator Game to share an amount of gain or loss, and the proposer would propose unfair distribution sometimes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229968/individual-differences-in-empathy-are-associated-with-apathy-motivation
#18
Patricia L Lockwood, Yuen-Siang Ang, Masud Husain, Molly J Crockett
Empathy - the capacity to understand and resonate with the experiences of other people - is considered an essential aspect of social cognition. However, although empathy is often thought to be automatic, recent theories have argued that there is a key role for motivation in modulating empathic experiences. Here we administered self-report measures of empathy and apathy-motivation to a large sample of healthy people (n = 378) to test whether people who are more empathic are also more motivated. We then sought to replicate our findings in an independent sample (n = 198) that also completed a behavioural task to measure state affective empathy and emotion recognition...
December 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217389/competencies-for-engaging-high-needs-patients-in-primary-care
#19
Michael J Yedidia
BACKGROUND: Patients who heavily utilize hospitals and emergency departments frequently have complex needs requiring services spanning medical, behavioral, and social service sectors. This study identifies essential competencies for caring for high-needs patients and highlights their importance to primary care delivery. METHODS: Transcripts of in-depth interviews with 30 clinical and administrative staff at 23 complex care programs across the United States were analyzed using standard qualitative techniques...
December 4, 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210874/ischemic-stroke-patients-decision-making-process-in-their-use-of-western-medicine-and-alternative-and-complementary-medicine
#20
Chen-Ying Hsieh, Shou-Yu Wang, Yeu-Hui Chuang, Ho-Hsiang Chen
Stroke is ranked third among the top 10 causes of death in Taiwan. Besides a high mortality rate, stroke survivors are often left with physical or functional sequela. This study aimed to explore ischemic stroke patients' decision-making process using Western medicine (WM) and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). This study is a qualitative study based on grounded theory. A total of 12 participants were recruited. Findings revealed that the participants accepted WM and CAM treatments following the onset of ischemic stroke...
January 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
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