keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

empathic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811747/what-establishes-an-excellent-nurse-a-focus-group-and-delphi-panel-approach
#1
Wolter Paans, Patricia Robbe, Inge Wijkamp, Marca V C Wolfensberger
BACKGROUND: Over the past few years, the complexity of the health care system in which nurses are required to practice has increased considerably, magnifying the need for excellent professionals with a specific set of knowledge, skills and attitudes. However, the characteristics that distinguish an excellent nurse have not yet been clarified. The aim of this study was to determine nurses' perspectives regarding characteristics associated with an excellent nurse in order to elicit a conceptual profile...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807707/quality-improvement-pearls-for-the-palliative-care-and-hospice-professional
#2
Arif H Kamal, Jonathan M Nicolla, Steve Power
Rapid changes in how palliative care clinicians are evaluated and paid present an imperative for clinicians to adeptly and routinely perform quality improvement in usual practice. Like empathic communication and facilitating goals of care discussions, quality improvement skills must be learned, honed, and practiced so identifying problems and brainstorming solutions becomes a natural component of delivering serious illness care. Using our experience in both failures and successes in performing quality improvement, herein we provide a prioritized list of ten pearls specifically aimed to palliative care and hospice professionals...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805291/harms-of-unsuccessful-donation-after-circulatory-death-an-exploratory-study
#3
Lauren J Taylor, Anne Buffington, Joseph R Scalea, Norman Fost, Kenneth D Croes, Joshua D Mezrich, Margaret L Schwarze
While donation after circulatory death (DCD) has expanded options for organ donation, many who wish to donate are still unable to do so. We conducted face-to-face interviews with family members (n=15) who had direct experience with unsuccessful DCD and five focus groups with professionals involved in the donation process. We used qualitative content analysis to characterize harms of non-donation as perceived by participants. Participants reported a broad spectrum of harms impacting organ recipients, donors and donor families...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802914/forced-but-not-free-choice-nicotine-during-lactation-alters-maternal-behaviour-and-noradrenergic-system-of-pups-impact-on-social-behaviour-of-adolescent-isolated-male-rats
#4
Doriana Chirico, Emilia Romano, Marco Famele, Rosa Draisci, Rosanna Mancinelli, Tiziana Pascucci, Walter Adriani
Adverse effects of nicotine during pregnancy have been greatly studied, while nowadays few works are focused on consequences of maternal tobacco smoking after birth. The present study investigated the behavioural and early neurochemical effects of nicotine treatment during first weeks of post-natal life in rats. We used "free choice" treatment (H2O+NIC dams could drink from two bottles, containing 10mg/L nicotine hydrogen tartrate salt, or water) versus "forced choice" (NIC+NIC mothers could drink from two bottles both containing nicotine hydrogen tartrate salt, range from 0...
August 9, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796716/an-intensive-simulation-based-communication-course-for-pediatric-critical-care-medicine-fellows
#5
Erin M Johnson, Melinda F Hamilton, R Scott Watson, Rene Claxton, Michael Barnett, Ann E Thompson, Robert Arnold
OBJECTIVE: Effective communication among providers, families, and patients is essential in critical care but is often inadequate in the PICU. To address the lack of communication education pediatric critical care medicine fellows receive, the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh PICU developed a simulation-based communication course, Pediatric Critical Care Communication course. Pediatric critical care medicine trainees have limited prior training in communication and will have increased confidence in their communication skills after participating in the Pediatric Critical Care Communication course...
August 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792940/differences-in-words-used-to-describe-racial-and-gender-groups-in-medical-student-performance-evaluations
#6
David A Ross, Dowin Boatright, Marcella Nunez-Smith, Ayana Jordan, Adam Chekroud, Edward Z Moore
PURPOSE: The transition from medical school to residency is a critical step in the careers of physicians. Because of the standardized application process-wherein schools submit summative Medical Student Performance Evaluations (MSPE's)-it also represents a unique opportunity to assess the possible prevalence of racial and gender disparities, as shown elsewhere in medicine. METHOD: The authors conducted textual analysis of MSPE's from 6,000 US students applying to 16 residency programs at a single institution in 2014-15...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774223/age-related-differences-in-affective-and-cognitive-empathy-self-report-and-performance-based-evidence
#7
Binghai Sun, Zhenbing Luo, Wenwen Zhang, Weijian Li, Xinyu Li
The correlation between age and empathy is not clear, with prior findings yielding mixed and inconsistent results. Here, we distinguished between two aspects of empathy and respectively investigated the effects of age on the affective and cognitive facets of empathy using a self-report measure (interpersonal reactivity index, IRI) and performance-based tasks (viewing films). The results showed that older adults manifested age-related deficits in both trait and state cognitive empathy, with the latter being positively associated with memory...
August 4, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766384/-did-i-make-the-right-decision-the-difficult-and-unpredictable-journey-of-being-a-surrogate-decision-maker-for-a-person-living-with-dementia
#8
Deirdre Fetherstonhaugh, Linda McAuliffe, Christopher Shanley, Michael Bauer, Elizabeth Beattie
Many people living with dementia eventually lose the capacity to make their own decisions and will rely on another person - a surrogate decision maker - to make decisions on their behalf. It is important - especially with the increasing prevalence of dementia - that the role of surrogate decision maker is understood and supported. This qualitative study explored the experiences of 34 surrogate decision makers of persons living with dementia in Australia. Face-to-face and telephone interviews were conducted over six months in 2014...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764894/investigating-empathy-in-interpreter-mediated-simulated-consultations-an-explorative-study
#9
Demi Krystallidou, Aline Remael, Esther de Boe, Kristin Hendrickx, Giannoula Tsakitzidis, Sofie van de Geuchte, Peter Pype
OBJECTIVE: To explore i) the ways in which empathic communication is expressed in interpreter-mediated consultations; ii) the interpreter's effect on the expression of empathic communication. METHODS: We coded 9 video-recorded interpreter-mediated simulated consultations by using the Empathic Communication Coding System (ECCS) which we used for each interaction during interpreter-mediated consultations. We compared patients' empathic opportunities and doctors' responses as expressed by the patients and doctors and as rendered by the interpreters...
July 23, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759973/reduced-empathy-scores-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-non-motor-symptom-associated-with-advanced-disease-stages
#10
Nele Schmidt, Laura Paschen, Günther Deuschl, Karsten Witt
BACKGROUND: Empathy describes the ability to infer and share emotional experiences of other people and is a central component of normal social functioning. Impaired empathy might be a non-motor symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD). OBJECTIVE: To examine empathic abilities and their relationship to clinical and cognitive functioning in PD patients. METHODS: Empathy was measured in 75 non-demented PD patients and 34 age-matched healthy controls using a German version of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758788/-functional-architecture-of-visual-emotion-recognition-ability-a-latent-variable-approach-correction-to-lewis-lefevre-and-young-2016
#11
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Functional architecture of visual emotion recognition ability: A latent variable approach" by Gary J. Lewis, Carmen E. Lefevre and Andrew W. Young (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2016[May], Vol 145[5], 589-602). In the article, there were several errors in Table 5. The correlations between the AQ-10 and both the supramodal and face-specific latent ability factors were set as positive. They should have been negative. The correct values are shown in the table provided. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-13445-001...
August 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756146/two-year-experience-implementing-a-curriculum-to-improve-residents-patient-centered-communication-skills
#12
Amber W Trickey, Anna B Newcomb, Melissa Porrey, Franco Piscitani, Jeffrey Wright, Paula Graling, Jonathan Dort
OBJECTIVES: Surgery milestones from The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education have encouraged a focus on training and assessment of residents' nontechnical skills, including communication. We describe our 2-year experience implementing a simulation-based curriculum, results of annual communication performance assessments, and resident evaluations. DESIGN: Eight quarterly modules were conducted on various communication topics. Former patient volunteers served as simulation participants (SP) who completed annual assessments using the Communication Assessment Tool (CAT)...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755033/the-actions-and-feelings-questionnaire-in-autism-and-typically-developed-adults
#13
Justin H G Williams, Isobel M Cameron
Impaired motor cognition may underpin empathy problems in autism. The actions and feelings questionnaire (AFQ), designed to examine individual differences in motor cognition, was completed fully by 1391 adults, of whom 326 reported a diagnosis of an autism spectrum condition (ASC). A confirmatory factor analysis supported a 3 factor model. The AFQ total and 'feelings' subscale scores correlated highly with the EQ and ROC curves were similar. Our findings suggest that individual differences in empathic traits are heavily accounted for by variance in mechanisms that serve sensorimotor learning (motor cognition) in relation to emotional states...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754597/impacts-of-longitudinal-mentorship-to-strengthen-the-hiv-workforce-qualitative-evidence-of-changes-in-clinicians-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice
#14
Cornelia M J Wagner, Suzanne Carlberg-Racich, Nathan L Linsk, Renslow Sherer, Salma A Alabduljabbar, Memoona Hasnain, Ricardo Rivero
The Clinician Scholars Program at the Midwest AIDS Training and Education Center strengthens the workforce by increasing knowledge and skills related to HIV prevention and care. The 1-year individualized training program for minority-serving clinicians includes intensive mentoring and networking. Qualitative exit interviews (N = 50) conducted over 4 years demonstrate the effectiveness of the training, including changes at the individual and systems levels. Findings show that almost all graduates reported improvements in knowledge, two-thirds reported changes in empathic capacity and cultural competence, and nearly three-quarters reported changes in clinical practice...
June 27, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753461/the-predictive-effect-of-empathy-and-social-norms-on-adolescents-implicit-and-explicit-stigma-responses
#15
Charlotte Silke, Lorraine Swords, Caroline Heary
Research indicates that adolescents who experience mental health difficulties are frequently stigmatised by their peers. Stigmatisation is associated with a host of negative social and psychological effects, which impacts a young person's well-being. As a result, the development of effective anti-stigma strategies is considered a major research priority. However, in order to design effective stigma reduction strategies, researchers must be informed by an understanding of the factors that influence the expression of stigma...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752829/empathic-attitudes-among-nursing-students-a-preliminary-study
#16
Paola Ferri, Sergio Rovesti, Nunzio Panzera, Luigi Marcheselli, Alessia Bari, Rosaria Di Lorenzo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: An empathic approach is fundamental for therapeutic relationship between nurse and patient. According to some researchers, female nursing students show higher empathic attitude in comparison with males, but both show a decline in empathy level as their studies progress. This preliminary study evaluated the self-reported emotional empathy level among undergraduate students at first and second year of nursing 3-year course. METHOD: To assess empathy level, the Balanced Emotional Empathy Scale (BEES) was administered to all students enrolled in the 2015/16 academic year (N=142), at the beginning of first year (T0) and at mid-point of second year (T1) of nursing course...
July 18, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749168/anxiety-reduction-and-emotional-self-care-using-the-u-technique-in-radiology%C3%A2-departments
#17
Alberto Martinez Lorca, Roberto Aguado, Manuela Martinez Lorca, Maria Carmen Zabala Baños
Daily clinical practice is an important source of stress and emotional exhaustion. In health field, patients could experience a significant number of emotional reactions. There are high levels of anxiety in patients referred for medical imaging, and these levels are even higher in patients undergoing complicated diagnostic procedures. All this shows the need to understand that anxiety must be diagnosed and treated. This situation forces radiologist to develop emotional and social skills to resolve difficulties that may arise in the communicative act...
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745917/the-meaning-of-stigma-for-people-with-mental-disorders-in-brazil
#18
Kelly Graziani Giacchero Vedana, Dayane Rosa Alvarenga Silva, Adriana Inocenti Miasso, Ana Carolina Guidorizzi Zanetti, Tatiana Longo Borges
OBJECTIVE: To understand the meaning of stigma for people with mental disorders. METHOD: A qualitative study with 46 Brazilian adults with mental disorders. Data were collected through semistructured interviews and nonparticipant observation and submitted for a thematic analysis with symbolic interactionism. RESULTS: Stigma was considered as an experience of incomprehension and suffering. The society has difficulty in empathizing, respecting differences and understanding the extent of the suffering of people with mental disorders...
July 26, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743987/empathy-for-others-suffering-and-its-mediators-in-mental-health-professionals
#19
Hernando Santamaría-García, Sandra Baez, Adolfo M García, Daniel Flichtentrei, María Prats, Ricardo Mastandueno, Mariano Sigman, Diana Matallana, Marcelo Cetkovich, Agustín Ibáñez
Empathy is a complex cognitive and affective process that allows humans to experience concern for others, comprehend their emotions, and eventually help them. In addition to studies with healthy subjects and various neuropsychiatric populations, a few reports have examined this domain focusing on mental health workers, whose daily work requires the development of a saliently empathic character. Building on this research line, the present population-based study aimed to (a) assess different dimensions of empathy for pain in mental health workers relative to general-physicians and non-medical workers; and (b) evaluate their relationship with relevant factors, such as moral profile, age, gender, years of experience, and workplace type...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740473/bonding-pictures-affective-ratings-are-specifically-associated-to-loneliness-but-not-to-empathy
#20
Heraldo D Silva, Rafaela R Campagnoli, Bruna Eugênia F Mota, Cássia Regina V Araújo, Roberta Sônia R Álvares, Izabela Mocaiber, Vanessa Rocha-Rego, Eliane Volchan, Gabriela G L Souza
Responding to pro-social cues plays an important adaptive role in humans. Our aims were (i) to create a catalog of bonding and matched-control pictures to compare the emotional reports of valence and arousal with the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) pictures; (ii) to verify sex influence on the valence and arousal of bonding and matched-control pictures; (iii) to investigate if empathy and loneliness traits exert a specific influence on emotional reports for the bonding pictures. To provide a finer tool for social interaction studies, the present work defined two new sets of pictures consisting of "interacting dyads" (Bonding: N = 70) and matched controls "non-interacting dyads" (Controls: N = 70)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
63417
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"