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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725866/patient-perceptions-of-clinician-s-empathy-measurement-and-psychometrics
#1
Mohammadreza Hojat, Jennifer DeSantis, Joseph S Gonnella
The prominence of reciprocal understanding in patient-doctor empathic engagement implies that patient perception of clinician's empathy has an important role in the assessment of the patient-clinician relationship. In response to a need for an assessment tool to measure patient's views of clinician empathy, we developed a brief (5-item) instrument, the Jefferson Scale of Patient Perceptions of Physician Empathy (JSPPPE). This review article reports evidence in support of the validity and reliability of the JSPPPE...
June 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725865/the-science-of-empathy
#2
Helen Riess
Empathy plays a critical interpersonal and societal role, enabling sharing of experiences, needs, and desires between individuals and providing an emotional bridge that promotes pro-social behavior. This capacity requires an exquisite interplay of neural networks and enables us to perceive the emotions of others, resonate with them emotionally and cognitively, to take in the perspective of others, and to distinguish between our own and others' emotions. Studies show empathy declines during medical training...
June 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725863/empathy-in-the-clinician-patient-relationship-the-role-of-reciprocal-adjustments-and-processes-of-synchrony
#3
Arnstein Finset, Knut Ørnes
The clinician-patient relationship is asymmetric in the sense that clinicians and patients have different roles in the medical consultation. Yet, there are qualities of reciprocity and mutuality in many clinician-patient encounters, and we suggest that such reciprocity may be related to the phenomenon of empathy. Empathy is often defined as the capacity to place oneself in another's position, but empathy may also be understood as a sequence of reciprocal turns-of talk, starting with the patient's expression of emotion, followed by the perception, vicarious experience, and empathic response by the clinician...
June 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724031/methodological-challenges-in-the-use-of-focus-groups-with-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#4
Rosana Teresa Onocko-Campos, Alberto Rodolfo Giovanello Díaz, Catarina Magalhães Dahl, Erotildes Maria Leal, Octavio Domont de Serpa
This study addresses the practical, methodological and ethical challenges that were found in three studies that used focus groups with people with severe mental illness, in the context of community mental health services in Brazil. Focus groups are a powerful tool in health research that need to be better discussed in research with people with severe mental illness, in the context of community mental health facilities. This study is based on the authors' experience of conducting and analyzing focus groups in three different cities - Campinas, Rio de Janeiro and Salvador - between 2006-2010...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718352/narratives-for-obesity-effects-of-weight-loss-and-attribution-on-empathy-and-policy-support
#5
Paul H Thibodeau, Rachel Uri, Briana Thompson, Stephen J Flusberg
Despite an urgent need to address the issue of obesity, little research has examined the psychological factors that influence support for obesity-related policy initiatives, which represent an important tool for addressing this complex health issue. In the present study, we measured the degree to which people supported obesity-related policy interventions and empathized with a person struggling with obesity after reading a personal account of his or her situation. The narrative described an obese individual who was portrayed as either successfully losing weight or not, and as attributing his or her weight-loss outcome to personal or environmental factors...
August 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716549/emotional-labour-and-aboriginal-maternal-infant-care-workers-the-invisible-load
#6
R Kirkham, A Rumbold, E Hoon, D Stuart-Butler, V Moore
BACKGROUND: The term 'emotional labour' has been used to describe the competing demands on midwives to empathize with clients whilst maintaining a level of professional detachment. Previous research indicates that when individuals experience difficulty managing these emotions, burnout may result. Aboriginal health care workers often have roles with large emotional demands, as they are relied upon heavily to engage clients in care. However, the concept of emotional labour has received little attention in relation to this group...
July 14, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716384/a-review-of-empathy-its-importance-and-its-teaching-in-surgical-training
#7
Jing L Han, Theodore N Pappas
BACKGROUND: There has been much discussion in the medical literature about the importance of empathy and physician communication style in medical practice. Empathy has been shown to have a very real positive effect on patient outcomes. Most of the existing literature speaks to its role in medical education, with relatively little empiric study about empathy in the surgical setting. OBJECTIVE: Review of empathy and its importance as it pertains to the surgeon-patient relationship and improving patient outcomes, and the need for increased education in empathy during surgical training...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712371/visual-systemizing-preference-in-children-with-autism-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-intranasal-oxytocin
#8
Lane Strathearn, Sohye Kim, D Anthony Bastian, Jennifer Jung, Udita Iyengar, Sheila Martinez, Robin P Goin-Kochel, Peter Fonagy
Several studies have suggested that the neuropeptide oxytocin may enhance aspects of social communication in autism. Little is known, however, about its effects on nonsocial manifestations, such as restricted interests and repetitive behaviors. In the empathizing-systemizing theory of autism, social deficits are described along the continuum of empathizing ability, whereas nonsocial aspects are characterized in terms of an increased preference for patterned or rule-based systems, called systemizing. We therefore developed an automated eye-tracking task to test whether children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to matched controls display a visual preference for more highly organized and structured (systemized) real-life images...
July 17, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711768/distressed-yet-empathically-sensitive-preschoolers-responses-to-infant-crying
#9
Hung-Chu Lin, Michelle Grisham
Using a simulated long bout of progressively intense infant crying, this study demonstrated that preschoolers responded with infant-oriented empathic concern and helping actions despite evidence of self-focused distress. Preschoolers' helping actions were predicted by the interaction between empathic concern and cognitive inquiry.
July 13, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710544/employers-experience-of-employees-with-cancer-trajectories-of-complex-communication
#10
C M Tiedtke, B Dierckx de Casterlé, M H W Frings-Dresen, A G E M De Boer, M A Greidanus, S J Tamminga, A E De Rijk
PURPOSE: Remaining in paid work is of great importance for cancer survivors, and employers play a crucial role in achieving this. Return to work (RTW) is best seen as a process. This study aims to provide insight into (1) Dutch employers' experiences with RTW of employees with cancer and (2) the employers' needs for support regarding this process. METHODS: Thirty employer representatives of medium and large for-profit and non-profit organizations were interviewed to investigate their experiences and needs in relation to employees with cancer...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707632/patients-perceptions-of-argentine-physicians-empathy-based-on-the-jefferson-scale-of-patient-s-perceptions-of-physician-empathy-psychometric-data-and-demographic-differences
#11
Raúl A Borracci, Hernán C Doval, Leonardo Celano, Alejandro Ciancio, Diego Manente, José G E Calderón
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of a modified Spanish version of the Jefferson Scale of Patient's Perceptions of Physician Empathy (JSPPPE) in Argentine patients and to explore how local demographic characteristics influence patients' perceptions of their physicians' empathy. METHODS: A survey was conducted in March 2013 among 400 Spanish-speaking outpatients attending three different public or private hospitals of Buenos Aires. A principal component analysis (PCA) was used to identify the JSPPPE factor structure, and a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was employed to evaluate its construct validity...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705261/-cutting-non-suicidal-self-injury-nssi-on-instagram
#12
R C Brown, T Fischer, A D Goldwich, F Keller, R Young, P L Plener
BACKGROUND: Social media presents an important means for social interaction, especially among adolescents, with Instagram being the most popular platform in this age-group. Pictures and communication about non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) can frequently be found on the internet. METHODS: During 4 weeks in April 2016, n = 2826 (from n = 1154 accounts) pictures which directly depicted wounds on Instagram were investigated. Those pictures, associated comments, and user accounts were independently rated for content...
July 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701703/the-behavioral-and-neural-basis-of-empathic-blame
#13
Indrajeet Patil, Marta Calò, Federico Fornasier, Fiery Cushman, Giorgia Silani
Mature moral judgments rely both on a perpetrator's intent to cause harm, and also on the actual harm caused-even when unintended. Much prior research asks how intent information is represented neurally, but little asks how even unintended harms influence judgment. We interrogate the psychological and neural basis of this process, focusing especially on the role of empathy for the victim of a harmful act. Using fMRI, we found that the 'empathy for pain' network was involved in encoding harmful outcomes and integrating harmfulness information for different types of moral judgments, and individual differences in the extent to which this network was active during encoding and integration of harmfulness information determined severity of moral judgments...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701109/emotion-processing-in-persons-who-respond-vicariously-towards-others-in-pain-disinhibited-left-lateralized-neural-activity-for-threatening-expressions
#14
Melita J Giummarra, Govinda Poudel, P Amanda Niu, Michael E R Nicholls, Joanne Fielding, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia, Izelle Labuschagne
We investigated emotional processing in vicarious pain (VP) responders. VP responders report an explicit sensory and emotional feeling of pain when they witness another in pain, which is greater in magnitude than the empathic processing of pain in the general population. In Study 1, 31 participants completed a chimeric faces task, judging whether emotional chimera in the left, or right, visual field was more intense. VP responders took longer to judge emotionality than non-responders, and fixated more on the angry hemiface in the right visual field, whereas non-responder controls had no lateralized fixation bias...
July 12, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697054/medication-simulation-affects-health-provider-students-attitudes-about-adherence-and-concordance
#15
Tamara O Perdue, J Todd Jackson, Christine Herring, Kathryn Garren, R Anthony Yocum, Melvin Swanson, Ann Marie Nye
INTRODUCTION: Assisting polypharmacy patients with complex health regimens is a part of health provider responsibilities. The concepts of adherence and concordance contrast the traditional emphasis on patient compliance. However, health provider students may not be able to empathize with polypharmacy patients. The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of a medication simulation on medical, nursing, and pharmacy students' beliefs about adherence and concordance. METHODS: A prospective, quasi-experimental, pretest, and posttest design was used with institutional review board approval...
July 10, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691837/childhood-maltreatment-and-context-dependent-empathic-accuracy-in-adult-romantic-relationships
#16
Annemarie Miano, Teresa Weber, Stefan Roepke, Isabel Dziobek
OBJECTIVES: Childhood maltreatment, that is neglect and abuse, are associated with difficulties in adult relationship functioning. We tested whether childhood maltreatment changes the presence of a relationship protective mechanism, called motivated inaccuracy. It describes a decrease in romantic couples' empathic accuracy, (EA), that is, their correct understanding of the partners' thoughts and feelings, in situations that pose a potential threat to the stability of the relationship...
July 10, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691836/the-cost-of-empathy-parent-adolescent-conflict-predicts-emotion-dysregulation-for-highly-empathic-youth
#17
Caspar J Van Lissa, Skyler T Hawk, Hans M Koot, Susan Branje, Wim H J Meeus
Empathy plays a key role in maintaining close relationships and promoting prosocial conflict resolution. However, research has not addressed the potential emotional cost of adolescents' high empathy, particularly when relationships are characterized by more frequent conflict. The present 6-year longitudinal study (N = 467) investigated whether conflict with parents predicted emotion dysregulation more strongly for high-empathy adolescents than for lower-empathy adolescents. Emotion dysregulation was operationalized at both the experiential level, using mood diary data collected for 3 weeks each year, and at the dispositional level, using annual self-report measures...
July 10, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688500/the-effects-of-korean-medical-service-quality-and-satisfaction-on-revisit-intention-of-the-united-arab-emirates-government-sponsored-patients
#18
Seoyoung Lee, Eun-Kyung Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate medical service quality, satisfaction and to examine factors influencing hospital revisit intention of the United Arab Emirates government sponsored patients in Korea. METHODS: A total of 152 UAE government sponsored patients who visited Korean hospitals participated in the questionnaire survey from August to November 2016. Stepwise multiple regression was used to identify the factors that affected the revisit intention of the participants...
June 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684014/the-evolution-of-empathy-research-models-muddles-and-mechanisms
#19
Richard M Frankel
The word empathy enters the English language in 1909, translated incompletely from German by a British-born psychologist interested in introspection. In the ensuing 100+ years, the term has been defined in a range of different ways by researchers and scholars. The biopsychosocial framework developed by George Engel comes closest to capturing empathy as a biological, psychological and social phenomenon. In this paper, I explore the psychological and social/communicative dimensions of empathy. Psychologists ask the question, How does the capacity for empathy vary across individuals? By contrast, interaction scholars ask, How is empathy communicated from one person (a healthcare provider) to another (a sufferer)? A communication focus involves the accuracy and impact of empathic communication as evidenced in a sufferer's response...
May 5, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683568/the-effect-of-being-imitated-on-empathy-for-pain-in-adults-with-high-functioning-autism-disturbed-self-other-distinction-leads-to-altered-empathic-responding
#20
Lize De Coster, Jan R Wiersema, Eliane Deschrijver, Marcel Brass
Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is associated with problems in empathy. Recent research suggests that impaired control over self-other overlap based on motor representations in individuals with autism spectrum disorder might underlie these difficulties. In order to investigate the relationship of self-other distinction and empathy for pain in high-functioning autism and matched controls, we manipulated self-other distinction by using a paradigm in which participants are either imitated or not by a hand on a computer screen...
June 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
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