keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical innovation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211784/generic-antiretrovirals-for-the-treatment-of-hiv-a-novel-challenge-for-western-countries-%C3%A2
#1
Dario Cattaneo, Massimo Andreoni, Gianpiero Carosi, Roberto Cauda, Adriano Lazzarin, Giuliano Rizzardini
The introduction of generic antiretroviral medications in developing countries has resulted in significant CD4 cell restoration, HIV viral decline, and a noteworthy reduction in the time to initiation of therapy. Projection models have also predicted significant cost saving associated with the extensive diffusion of generic antiretrovirals in developed countries. However, some uncertainties on generics have recently been raised. These concerns mainly relate to the adequacy of the study design for bioequivalence testing, the potential for uncontrolled switching from one generic to another, and the loss of adherence if patients switched from fixed-dose coformulations to single components in order to incorporate the new generic drugs...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211195/a-comparison-of-the-new-japanese-expedited-approval-legislation-for-regenerative-medicine-product-with-the-existing-systems-of-the-united-states-and-european-union
#2
Yoji Jokura, Kazuo Yano, Masayuki Yamato
Expedited approval pathways/programs for drugs, biologics, or medical devices have been enacted for rapid product commercialization of innovative products in the United States (US) and European Union (EU). However, less innovative products are increasingly using these expedited pathways and frequently obligations to collect and report post-marketing data on approved products are being bypassed. The Japanese government recently enacted a new conditional and time-limited approval pathway dedicated to regenerative medicine products...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209948/-digital-technology-in-clinical-surgery-and-rehabilitation
#3
O E Karpov, P S Vetshev, V D Daminov, S A Epifanov, A A Zuev, P D Kuzmin, D A Makhnev
: This article is devoted to a very actual and insufficiently imagine in the literature theme - innovation and digital technologies in clinical surgery and rehabilitation. AIM: To schow posibilities of modern digital and information technologies in clinical practice based on the experience of the Pirogov Center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of experience in the application of innovative technologies, robotic surgery, intraoperative navigation computer, robotic systems in medical rehabilitation, integrated operating room, surgical video communication systems in service of those doing the Pirogov Center for the past 10 years...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209701/patient-and-citizen-innovation-council-in-family-practice
#4
Ron T Garnett, Jane Bowman, Joanne Ganton
PROBLEM ADDRESSED: Patient engagement is integral to the Patient's Medical Home model. Patient-centred care is more than what happens in the examination room. Decisions around clinic processes, work flow, and initiative prioritization also warrant a patient perspective. OBJECTIVE OF PROGRAM: The Academic Family Medicine Clinic at the South Health Campus in Calgary, Alta, identified a need for patient and community advisory expertise regarding clinic initiatives and quality improvement...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209561/co-creating-and-evaluating-a-web-app-mapping-real-world-health-care-services-for-students-the-servi-share-protocol
#5
Ilaria Montagni, Emmanuel Langlois, Jérôme Wittwer, Christophe Tzourio
BACKGROUND: University students aged 18-30 years are a population group reporting low access to health care services, with high rates of avoidance and delay of medical care. This group also reports not having appropriate information about available health care services. However, university students are at risk for several health problems, and regular medical consultations are recommended in this period of life. New digital devices are popular among the young, and Web-apps can be used to facilitate easy access to information regarding health care services...
February 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207670/feasibility-study-of-utilization-of-action-camera-gopro-hero-4-google-glass-and-panasonic-hx-a100-in-spine-surgery
#6
Chang Kyu Lee, Youngjun Kim, Nam Lee, Byeongwoo Kim, Doyoung Kim, Seong Yi
STUDY DESIGN: Study for feasibility of commercially available action cameras in recording video of spine. OBJECTIVE: Recent innovation of the wearable action camera with high-definition video recording enables surgeons to use camera in the operation at ease without high costs. The purpose of this study is to compare the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of commercially available action cameras in recording video of spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There are early reports of medical professionals using Google Glass throughout the hospital, Panasonic HX-A100 action camera, and GoPro...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203277/semantics-based-plausible-reasoning-to-extend-the-knowledge-coverage-of-medical-knowledge-bases-for-improved-clinical-decision-support
#7
Hossein Mohammadhassanzadeh, William Van Woensel, Samina Raza Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi
BACKGROUND: Capturing complete medical knowledge is challenging-often due to incomplete patient Electronic Health Records (EHR), but also because of valuable, tacit medical knowledge hidden away in physicians' experiences. To extend the coverage of incomplete medical knowledge-based systems beyond their deductive closure, and thus enhance their decision-support capabilities, we argue that innovative, multi-strategy reasoning approaches should be applied. In particular, plausible reasoning mechanisms apply patterns from human thought processes, such as generalization, similarity and interpolation, based on attributional, hierarchical, and relational knowledge...
2017: BioData Mining
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203120/international-lessons-in-new-methods-for-grading-and-integrating-cost-effectiveness-evidence-into-clinical-practice-guidelines
#8
REVIEW
Kathryn M Antioch, Michael F Drummond, Louis W Niessen, Hindrik Vondeling
Economic evidence is influential in health technology assessment world-wide. Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) can enable economists to include economic information on health care provision. Application of economic evidence in CPGs, and its integration into clinical practice and national decision making is hampered by objections from professions, paucity of economic evidence or lack of policy commitment. The use of state-of-art economic methodologies will improve this. Economic evidence can be graded by 'checklists' to establish the best evidence for decision making given methodological rigor...
2017: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202429/virtual-patient-technology-engaging-primary-care-in-quality-improvement-innovations
#9
Amanda C Blok, Christine N May, Rajani S Sadasivam, Thomas K Houston
BACKGROUND: Engaging health care staff in new quality improvement programs is challenging. OBJECTIVE: We developed 2 virtual patient (VP) avatars in the context of a clinic-level quality improvement program. We sought to determine differences in preferences for VPs and the perceived influence of interacting with the VP on clinical staff engagement with the quality improvement program. METHODS: Using a participatory design approach, we developed an older male smoker VP and a younger female smoker VP...
February 15, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198724/engaging-learners-to-advance-medical-education
#10
Jesse Burk-Rafel, R Logan Jones, Janice L Farlow
Learners are a pillar of academic medicine, yet their voice is seldom heard in national and international scholarly conversations on medical education. However, learners are eager to contribute: in response to a recent open call from Academic Medicine, medical students and residents representing 98 institutions across 11 countries submitted 224 Letters to the Editor on wide-ranging topics. In this Invited Commentary, the authors-three medical students serving in national leadership roles-contextualize several themes discussed in these learner-authored letters...
February 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196168/treatment-concept-for-a-patient-with-a-high-smile-line-and-gingival-pigmentation-a-case-report
#11
Fernando Zarone, Renato Leone, Marco Ferrari, Roberto Sorrentino
Today, innovative restorative materials and techniques allow for minimally invasive prosthetic procedures, which are paramount to the preservation of hard and soft dental tissues. An integrated approach combining dental and esthetic medical therapies could be useful to improve the quality of life of patients, improving function, esthetics, and self-confidence. Oral esthetics depends on several variables, including tooth visibility and proportions as well as healthy gingival tissues. Proper integration between teeth and periodontal tissues plays an important role in esthetic success, which is mainly represented by an appealing smile...
March 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192425/improving-access-to-chagas-disease-diagnosis-and-etiologic-treatment-in-remote-rural-communities-of-the-argentine-chaco-through-strengthened-primary-health-care-and-broad-social-participation
#12
Paula Sartor, Ivana Colaianni, M Victoria Cardinal, Jacqueline Bua, Héctor Freilij, Ricardo E Gürtler
BACKGROUND: Rural populations in the Gran Chaco region have large prevalence rates of Trypanosoma cruzi infection and very limited access to diagnosis and treatment. We implemented an innovative strategy to bridge these gaps in 13 rural villages of Pampa del Indio held under sustained vector surveillance and control. METHODOLOGY: The non-randomized treatment program included participatory workshops, capacity strengthening of local health personnel, serodiagnosis, qualitative and quantitative PCRs, a 60-day treatment course with benznidazole and follow-up...
February 13, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190696/ethical-issues-in-research
#13
REVIEW
Raul Artal, Sheldon Rubenfeld
Biomedical research is currently guided by ethical standards that have evolved over many centuries. Historical and political events, social and legal considerations, and continuous medical and technological advances have led to the prevailing research ethics and practice. Currently, patients and research subjects have complete autonomy while under medical care or when volunteering as research subjects. Enrolling volunteers in human subjects research includes a detailed and meaningful informed consent process that follows the cardinal principles of ethics: autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice...
January 23, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190507/best-practices-in-early-phase-medical-device-development-engineering-prototyping-and-the-beginnings-of-a-quality-management-system
#14
Kristy Fearis, Aidan Petrie
Kristy Fearis is the founder and president of KPConsulting. She has held various positions in the medical device and research industry. She has led programs for medical industry leaders Medtronic, Edward Lifesciences, and Kimberly-Clark Healthcare to develop and commercialize Class II and III devices. Although a true quality management systems specialist at heart, Kristy has a passion for effectively and efficiently applying quality systems principles to early stage development to maximize benefit while minimizing impact on resources and time to market...
March 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190506/regulatory-strategies-to-facilitate-surgical-innovation
#15
Phoebe Mounts
Phoebe Mounts, PhD, Esq, is a partner in the Food and Drug Administration Practice Group in the Washington, DC, office of Morgan Lewis & Bockius LLP. She counsels clients on regulatory issues for medical devices, drugs, and biologics. Prior to joining Morgan Lewis, she was on the faculty of the Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health in the Department of Molecular Microbiology, Immunology, and Infectious Diseases. Although she is a partner in the FDA Practice Group at Morgan Lewis, the views expressed in this article are hers and should not be attributed to the Firm...
March 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187729/use-of-electronic-medical-records-and-quality-of-patient-data-different-reaction-patterns-of-doctors-and-nurses-to-the-hospital-organization
#16
Mattijs S Lambooij, Hanneke W Drewes, Ferry Koster
BACKGROUND: As the implementation of Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) in hospitals may be challenged by different responses of different user groups, this paper examines the differences between doctors and nurses in their response to the implementation and use of EMRs in their hospital and how this affects the perceived quality of the data in EMRs. METHODS: Questionnaire data of 402 doctors and 512 nurses who had experience with the implementation and the use of EMRs in hospitals was analysed with Multi group Structural equation modelling (SEM)...
February 10, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185690/a-radiologist-s-guide-to-the-industry-a-methodical-approach-to-physician-industry-relationships-in-radiology
#17
Donald Dj Perry, Derek Khorsand, Michael McNeeley
In the last century, rapidly advancing technological innovations have become essential components of modern healthcare, increasing the frequency and necessity of interactions between physicians and industry. These interactions have the potential to bias objectivity and should be approached carefully. A recent JACR article by Harvey et al, highlighted 2014 CMS data, which reported that only 4% of radiologists had interactions with industry, coming in second lowest amongst all 19 reported specialties. However, when managed appropriately, physician-industry relationships can mutually benefit patients, research, payers, providers, hospitals and the medical industry...
December 15, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183437/cardiac-3d-printing-and-its-future-directions
#18
REVIEW
Marija Vukicevic, Bobak Mosadegh, James K Min, Stephen H Little
Three-dimensional (3D) printing is at the crossroads of printer and materials engineering, noninvasive diagnostic imaging, computer-aided design, and structural heart intervention. Cardiovascular applications of this technology development include the use of patient-specific 3D models for medical teaching, exploration of valve and vessel function, surgical and catheter-based procedural planning, and early work in designing and refining the latest innovations in percutaneous structural devices. In this review, we discuss the methods and materials being used for 3D printing today...
February 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183414/transitioning-from-medical-educator-to-scholarship-in-medical-education
#19
Alix G Darden, Stephanie D DeLeon
Clinician educators spend most of their time in clinical practice, educating trainees in all types of care settings. Many are involved in formal teaching, curriculum development and learner assessment while holding educational leadership roles as well. Finding time to engage in scholarly work that can be presented and published is an academic expectation, but also a test of efficiency. Just as clinical research originates from problems related to patients, so should educational research originate from issues related to educating the next generation of doctors...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181831/basic-concepts-and-recent-advances-in-nanogels-as-carriers-for-medical-applications
#20
Iordana Neamtu, Alina Gabriela Rusu, Alina Diaconu, Loredana Elena Nita, Aurica P Chiriac
Nanogels in biomedical field are promising and innovative materials as dispersions of hydrogel nanoparticles based on crosslinked polymeric networks that have been called as next generation drug delivery systems due to their relatively high drug encapsulation capacity, uniformity, tunable size, ease of preparation, minimal toxicity, stability in the presence of serum, and stimuli responsiveness. Nanogels show a great potential in chemotherapy, diagnosis, organ targeting and delivery of bioactive substances...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
keyword
keyword
6340
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"