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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822234/fulfilling-patient-expectations-of-urethral-stricture-surgery
#1
EDITORIAL
Amanda S J Chung, Kurt A McCammon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819828/-patio-repair-for-urethrocutaneous-fistulae-results-of-a-multicentre-retrospective-study
#2
REVIEW
J Kranz, O A Brinkmann, B Brinkmann, J Steffens, P Malone
BACKGROUND: Urethrocutaneous (UC) fistulae are common complications after hypospadias surgery and they have been a serious problem for surgeons since the repair was first attempted. We present the results of our multicentre retrospective study for repairing UC fistulae using the Patio ("preserve the tract and turn it inside out") repair described by Malone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 16 boys (Eschweiler 2, Lingen 4, Reading 10) at the ages of 1-10 years were treated for UC fistulae...
August 17, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816280/-analysis-of-outcomes-of-tension-free-mid-urethral-sling-procedure-in-women-with-mixed-urinary-incontinence
#3
W Y Zhang, X P Zhang, H Hu, J W Chen, X H Liu, K X Xu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the medium and long term outcomes of tension-free mid-urethral sling in the treatment of female patients with mixed urinary incontinence (MUI). METHODS: Twenty-six patients who underwent the tension-free mid-urethral sling procedure for MUI from April, 2010 to September, 2016, were followed up. Four of the 26 patients underwent retropubic tension free mid-urethral sling (TVT), and 22 of them underwent transurethral middle obturator sling (TOT)...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815547/adjustable-mini-sling-compared-to-conventional-mid-urethral-slings-in-women-with-urinary-incontinence-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Martin Rudnicki, Katarina von Bothmer-Ostling, Anja Holstad, Claes Magnusson, Memona Majida, Constanze Merkel, Jens Prien, Ulf Jakobsson, Pia Teleman
INTRODUCTION: The primary aim was to compare the objective and subjective outcomes and short-term complication rates of an adjustable single-incision mini-sling (SIMS) versus standard mid-urethral slings (SMUS). The secondary aim was reporting pain perception and complications at one-year follow-up. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was designed as a multicenter prospective randomized trial where women were included by eight centers in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The trial was registered at ClinicalTrials...
August 16, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807625/role-of-urodynamics-in-management-of-urethral-diverticulum-in-females
#5
Kuan-Jung Lin, Yu-Hua Fan, Alex Tong-Long Lin
BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused on the urodynamic findings of urethral diverticula (UD). We characterized the symptoms and urodynamic findings in women with UD. METHODS: A retrospective review of all women in a single center having surgical treatment for symptomatic UD between May 2004 and September 2014 was done. Lower urinary tract symptoms were evaluated with International Prostate Symptom Score and Overactive Bladder Symptom Score questionnaires. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging and videourodynamic study (VUDS) prior to surgery, and postoperative evaluation with VUDS...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805298/female-urethral-injuries-associated-with-pelvic-fracture-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Devin N Patel, Cynthia S Fok, George D Webster, Jennifer T Anger
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature of female urethral injuries associated with pelvic fracture and determine optimal management of this rare injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology criteria, we searched Cochrane, Pubmed and OVID databases for all articles available before June 30, 2016 using the terms "female pelvic fracture urethroplasty," "female urethral distraction," "female pelvic fracture urethral injury," "female pelvic fracture urethra girls...
August 14, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803701/contemporary-practice-patterns-and-survival-outcomes-for-locally-advanced-urethral-malignancies-a-national-cancer-database-analysis
#7
David B Cahn, Elizabeth Handorf, Benjamin T Ristau, Daniel M Geynisman, Jay Simhan, Alexander Kutikov, Richard E Greenberg, Rosalia Viterbo, David Y T Chen, Robert G Uzzo, Marc C Smaldone
PURPOSE: Primary urethral carcinoma (PUC) has an aggressive natural history; however, controversy exists regarding the role of multimodal therapy for its treatment. Our objective was to examine practice patterns and survival outcomes for locally advanced urethral cancers. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried for patients with T2-4 or N1-2M0 PUC with urothelial, squamous, or adenocarcinoma histology from 2004 to 2013. Temporal trends for receipt of local or definitive surgery, radiotherapy (XRT), and systemic therapy were assessed...
August 10, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791231/medium-term-efficacy-of-the-prostatic-urethral-lift
#8
REVIEW
Peter Chin, Peter Robertson
Treatment options for patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia have traditionally revolved around pharmacotherapy or invasive surgery, both of which can negatively impact quality of life (QoL). The quest for a suitable minimally invasive surgical therapy as an alternative to long-term medication or conventional surgery, has seen the development of heat-based therapies, most of which have been dismissed because of post-operative complications and unacceptable re-treatment rates. During the late 1980s and 1990s, mechanical approaches such as transurethral balloon dilation and prostatic urethral stenting were investigated; however, re-treatment rates, encrustation and unacceptable migration rate of stents saw these options fall into disuse...
July 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789936/buck-s-fascia-repair-with-glanuloplasty-in-hypospadias-surgery-a-simple-approach-with-excellent-outcome
#9
Aejaz Ahsan Baba, Sajad Ahmad Wani, Nisar Ahmad Bhat, Gowhar Nazir Mufti, Tariq Nazir Lone, Shaista Nazir
BACKGROUND: Hypospadias is a common problem encountered in surgical practice and its repair is challenging because of various complications. Urethro-cutaneous fistula is the most common postoperative complication (incidence of 0-33%). Different types of intermediate protective layers have been used in attempts to decrease UCF formation; however, no single surgical technique is ideal. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare use of dartos fascia and Buck's fascia as intermediate layers in prevention of the formation of UCF...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770138/anterior-urethral-valve-uncommon-association-with-renal-duplicity
#10
Amina Ben Salem, Ines Mazhoud, Rachida Laamiri, Randa Salem, Hayet Laajili, Lassaad Sahnoun, Chiraz Hafsa
Anterior urethral valves (AUVs) is an unusual cause of congenital obstruction of the male urethra, being 15-30 times less common than posterior urethral valves. We present a case of AUV diagnosed at 24th gestational week. Ultrasonography and fetal MRI revealed hydronephrotic kidneys with ureteral duplicity, a distended bladder and perineal cystic mass which confirmed dilated anterior urethra in a male fetus. Diagnosis was confirmed postnatally by voiding cystourethrogram and surgery.
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768664/preventative-effects-of-a-hif-inhibitor-17-dmag-on-partial-bladder-outlet-obstruction-induced-bladder-dysfunction
#11
Nao Iguchi, M İrfan Dönmez, Anna P Malykhina, Alonso Carrasco, Duncan T Wilcox
Posterior urethral valves are the most common cause of partial bladder outlet obstruction (PBOO) in the pediatric population. Pathological changes in the bladder developed during PBOO are responsible for long-lasting voiding dysfunction in this population despite early surgical interventions. Increasing evidence showed PBOO induces an upregulation of Hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs) and their transcriptional target genes, and they play a role in pathophysiological changes in the obstructed bladders. We hypothesized that blocking HIF pathways can prevent PBOO-induced bladder dysfunction...
August 2, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765066/outcomes-of-single-staged-phalloplasty-by-pedicled-anterolateral-thigh-flap-versus-radial-forearm-free-flap-in-gender-confirming-surgery
#12
Mona Ascha, Jonathan P Massie, Shane D Morrison, Curtis N Crane, Mang L Chen
PURPOSE: Phalloplasty is a critical step in female-to-male (transmale) gender-confirming genital surgery. This study examines outcomes between transmales who had phalloplasty with vaginectomy and full-length urethroplasty utilizing the anterolateral thigh pedicled flap (pALT) or radial forearm free flap (RFFF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective study of patients undergoing phalloplasty with vaginectomy and full-length urethroplasty using either an pALT or RFFF from April 2013 to July 2016 was performed...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763282/comparison-between-double-pigtail-ureteral-stents-and-ureteral-bypass-devices-for-treatment-of-ureterolithiasis-in-cats
#13
Claire Deroy, Diego Rossetti, Guillaume Ragetly, Juan Hernandez, Cyrill Poncet
OBJECTIVE To compare the complication rates and outcomes in cats with ureteral obstruction treated by placement of double-pigtail ureteral stents or ureteral bypass (UB) devices. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. ANIMALS Cats with unilateral or bilateral ureterolithiasis that received double-pigtail ureteral stents (30 stents in 27 cats; stent group) or UB devices (30 devices in 23 cats; UB group). PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed to collect data on signalment, clinical signs, serum biochemical data, surgical procedure, duration of hospitalization, complications, and follow-up (≥ 6 months after placement) information...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756647/mid-urethral-sling-operations-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#14
REVIEW
Abigail A Ford, Lynne Rogerson, June D Cody, Patricia Aluko, Joseph A Ogah
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence is a very common and debilitating problem affecting about 50% of women at some point in their lives. Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a predominant cause in 30% to 80% of these women imposing significant health and economic burden on society and the women affected. Mid-urethral sling (MUS) operations are a recognised minimally invasive surgical treatment for SUI. MUS involves the passage of a small strip of tape through either the retropubic or obturator space, with entry or exit points at the lower abdomen or groin, respectively...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753868/outcomes-of-early-endoscopic-realignment-versus-suprapubic-cystostomy-and-delayed-urethroplasty-for-pelvic-fracture-related-posterior-urethral-injuries-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Pieter Jan Elshout, Erik Veskimae, Steven MacLennan, Yuhong Yuan, Nicolaas Lumen, Michael Gonsalves, Noam D Kitrey, Davendra M Sharma, Duncan J Summerton, Franklin E Kuehhas
CONTEXT: The evidence base for optimal acute management of pelvic fracture-related posterior urethral injuries needs to be reviewed because of evolving endoscopic techniques. The current standard of care is suprapubic cystostomy followed by delayed urethroplasty. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence base comparing early endoscopic realignment with cystostomy and delayed urethroplasty regarding stricture rate, the need for subsequent procedures, and functional outcomes...
April 6, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753858/correlation-between-primary-hypospadias-repair-and-subsequent-urethral-strictures-in-a-series-of-408-adult-patients
#16
Guido Barbagli, Nicola Fossati, Alessandro Larcher, Francesco Montorsi, Salvatore Sansalone, Denis Butnaru, Massimo Lazzeri
BACKGROUND: The correlation between primary hypospadias repair and subsequent urethral strictures in adults has never been addressed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between the site of primary hypospadias repair and the site of subsequent strictures and to investigate the predictive factors of failure after urethroplasty. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: An observational, retrospective, descriptive study of adult patients with urethral strictures following hypospadias surgery was carried out in a single centre...
February 21, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748746/long-term-urodynamic-findings-following-radical-prostatectomy-and-salvage-radiotherapy
#17
Maria Ervandian, Jens Christian Djurhuus, Morten Høyer, Charlotte Graugaard-Jensen, Michael Borre
OBJECTIVE: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are common following radical prostatectomy (RP) or intended curative radiotherapy in prostate cancer patients. One-quarter of those treated with RP experience biochemical failure and are subsequently offered salvage radiotherapy (SRT) to the prostatic bed. The aim of this study was to elucidate long-term LUTS after surgery and SRT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urodynamic parameters from 16 patients treated with RP and subsequent SRT in the period 2000-2010 were evaluated with uroflowmetry, filling cystometry, pressure-flow and urethral pressure profile (UPP)...
July 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746980/single-incision-sling-operations-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#18
REVIEW
Arjun Nambiar, June D Cody, Stephen T Jeffery, Patricia Aluko
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence has been shown to affect up to 50% of women. Studies in the USA have shown that up to 80% of these women have an element of stress urinary incontinence. This imposes significant health and economic burden on society and the women affected. Colposuspension and now mid-urethral slings have been shown to be effective in treating patients with stress incontinence. However, associated adverse events include bladder and bowel injury, groin pain and haematoma formation...
July 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744142/sex-related-differences-in-clinicopathological-features-and-survival-of-patients-with-primary-urethral-carcinoma-a-population-based-study
#19
Yong Wei, Yu-Peng Wu, Ning Xu, Xiao-Dong Li, Shao-Hao Chen, Hai Cai, Qing-Shui Zheng, Xue-Yi Xue
PURPOSE: To analyze the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database to determine the effects of sex and prognostic factors on the survival of patients with primary urethral carcinoma (PUC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 453 patients diagnosed with PUC from 2004 to 2013 from the SEER database. Statistical analysis was used to identify sex-specific differences associated with tumor characteristics and cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS)...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743217/identifying-content-for-simulation-based-curricula-in-urology-a-national-needs-assessment
#20
Leizl Joy Nayahangan, Rikke Bølling Hansen, Karen Gilboe Lindorff-Larsen, Charlotte Paltved, Bjørn Ulrik Nielsen, Lars Konge
OBJECTIVE: Simulation-based training is well recognized in the transforming field of urological surgery; however, integration into the curriculum is often unstructured. Development of simulation-based curricula should follow a stepwise approach starting with a needs assessment. This study aimed to identify technical procedures in urology that should be included in a simulation-based curriculum for residency training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A national needs assessment was performed using the Delphi method involving 56 experts with significant roles in the education of urologists...
July 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
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