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urethral surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244271/laparoscopic-dismembered-pyeloplasty-combined-with-port-entrance-flexible-renoscopic-lithotripsy
#1
Kaan Gokcen, Gokhan Gokce, Gokce Dundar, Resul Cicek, Halil Gulbahar, Emin Yener Gultekin
INTRODUCTION: Ureteropelvic junction obstruction and concomitant calculus disease may coexist. We demonstrate our use of flexible renoscopy during laparoscopic pyeloplasty for caliceal stone removal. PATIENT AND METHODS: A 28-year-old female patient presented with recurrent attacks of flank pain of two years duration. When noncontrast-CT and DTPA were performed, the patient was diagnosed with ureteropelvic junction stenosis and 3 stones with a total burden of 14mm in the lower pole of right kidney...
December 18, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236143/-bulbar-urethral-strictures-a-trivial-urological-disease-or-a-surgical-challenge
#2
REVIEW
M Austen, J Breul, S Tritschler
Urethral strictures are often located in the bulbar urethra, and bulbar strictures are commonly due to urethral trauma. Diagnosis is confirmed by radiographic imaging of the urethra. In cases of short primary bulbar strictures, a simple internal urethrotomy may be curative. In contrast, open surgery should be performed in long segment or recurrent strictures because recurrence rates are near 100% in these cases. Depending of the actual findings and comorbidities, end-to-end anastomosis, graft urethroplasty, flap urethroplasty, or perineal urethrostomy may be used...
December 13, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234536/role-of-urethral-plate-and-fossa-navicularis-biopsies-in-the-detection-of-balanitis-xerotica-obliterans-in-boys-undergoing-redo-hypospadias-repair
#3
Mohamed Sultan, Mohamed El-Shazly, Eid Elsherif, Sheren Younes, Mohamed Selim
Objectives: To evaluate the presence of balanitis xerotica obliterans (BXO), clinically and pathologically, in the urethra of boys with failed previous hypospadias repair and where surgical management was planned. Patients and methods: Between February 2010 and March 2015, boys with failed distal penile hypospadias repair who were planned for surgical management were evaluated for the presence of clinical and pathological evidence of BXO. Samples were obtained from the urethral plate and fossa navicularis, after obtaining informed consent and ethical approval...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229485/the-position-of-the-anal-dimple-in-newborns-and-infants-with-anorectal-malformations-and-its-correlation-with-the-normal-anal-position
#4
Jigar N Patel, Amit Kumar, Partap Singh Yadav, Rajiv Chadha, Vikram Datta, Subhasis Roy Choudhury
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The anal position index (API) defines the normal anal position as the ratio of fourchette-anal distance to fourchette-coccyx distance for females and the scrotum-anal distance to scrotum-coccyx distance for males. In this study, measurement of the API in newborns and infants with anorectal malformations (ARM), using the center of the midline anal dimple (AD) to represent the center of the proposed neoanus, was performed to assess whether or not the AD was located in a significantly abnormal position as correlated with the normal anal position...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221617/minor-procedure-major-impact-patient-reported-outcomes-following-urethral-meatotomy
#5
Briony K Varda, Tanya Logvinenko, Stuart Bauer, Bartley Cilento, Richard N Yu, Caleb P Nelson
INTRODUCTION: Urethral meatotomy as treatment for meatal stenosis is a common pediatric urology procedure; however, little is known about the patient experience following this procedure. OBJECTIVE: We aim to evaluate clinical factors associated with patient-reported symptom improvement after urethral meatotomy. STUDY DESIGN: The families of boys undergoing urethral meatotomy between 2/2013 and 8/2016 received a survey by mail 6 weeks after surgery...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217348/urethral-pressure-controlled-balloon-refilling-or-balloon-change-for-artificial-sphincter-secondary-procedure
#6
B Maximilien, A Aublea, A Gillibert, C Delcourt, P Grise, J-N Cornu
OBJECTIVES: To report our experience of inflating or changing pressure balloon to treat recurrent urinary incontinence after AMS800® implantation instead of changing all the devices. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary reference center between 2005 and 2015. All patients, treated by AMS800® implantation for post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence and whom balloon was subsequently changed or inflated, were included. Main clinical end point was the need for another surgery...
December 4, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215414/unexpected-detection-of-urethral-stone-on-18f-naf-pet-ct
#7
Fuqiang Shao, Li Chen, Yu Wang, Shumao Zhang, Yue Chen
A 48-year-old man was referred for an F-NaF PET/CT to examine his lower back pain. The images did not identify any osseous lesion. Unexpectedly, the images showed elevated activity in a urethral stone. The patient received urinary surgery for stone removal.
December 5, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207776/primary-adenocarcinoma-of-the-bulbomembranous-urethra-in-a-33-year-old-male-patient
#8
Rupesh Gupta, Sweta Gupta, Supriya Basu, Priyatosh Dey, Imran Ahmad Khan
Primary Urethral Carcinoma (PUC) is considered as a rare tumour, accounts for less than 1% of all malignancies and an incidence rate of four cases per million patients. Incidence increases with the patient's age and most commonly present in seventh decades. Urothelial carcinoma is the most common type (76%) of the PUC, adenocarcinoma accounts for less than 5% of the PUC. No definitive protocol for tumour management for urethral adenocarcinoma has been described in the literature due to lack of prospective study and scarcity of the cases...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203190/organ-preservation-for-recurrent-urethral-adenocarcinoma-with-concurrent-chemotherapy-and-radiation
#9
Prateek Mendiratta, Brian Rini, Rahul Tendulkar
Urethral adenocarcinoma of males is a rare disease with limited prospective data to define optimal treatment. Surgical excision remains the primary treatment for early stage disease. Multimodality therapy with a combination of chemotherapy, radiation, and/or surgery has been explored in patients with locally advanced disease. We present the case of a 45-year-old-man with a locally recurrent urethral adenocarcinoma after initial surgical resection managed successfully with combined weekly cisplatinum and radiation therapy...
December 1, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203157/-anticoagulation-impact-on-bleeding-risk-during-holep-monocentric-study-of-156-patients
#10
P Neuville, R Codas, E Ravier, D Maucort-Boulch, L Badet, H Fassi-Fehri
OBJECTIVE: Compare the length of hospital stay and the complications after HoLEP between three groups of patients: a control group, a group with antiplatelet therapy, a group with anticoagulation therapy. MATERIALS: Retrospective cohort study that included all consecutive patients who underwent HoLEP for prostatic hyperplasia in our center from may 2013 to may 2016. Anticoagulated patients and patients under clopidogrel had respectively a relay with heparine and aspirine...
December 1, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201525/complete-penile-skin-necrosis
#11
Abdulkadir Pektaş, Ali Özgür Karakaş, Ali Çift, Mehmet Özgür Yücel
Superficial penile skin infections may be presented in different clinical situations that vary from simple infection to organ loss and serious morbidity and mortality. Antibiotic treatment and, if necessary, urgent debridement is required. A 46-year-old male patient with the complaints of urethral discharge and pain admitted to our outpatient clinic. He declared that there were midpenil tenderness and erythema 14 days ago which occurred after sexual intercourse. Complete penile skin necrosis with purulent discharge was detected in physical examination...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201511/robot-assisted-radical-perineal-prostatectomy-first-experience-of-15-cases
#12
Volkan Tuğcu, Oktay Akça, Abdulmuttalip Şimşek, İsmail Yiğitbaşı, Selçuk Şahin, Ali İhsan Taşçı
Objective: Minimally invasive techniques are increasingly evolving and preferred to reduce surgical induced morbidity and mortality and minimize the challenges of surgical techniques. Especially radical perineal prostatectomy (RPP) includes some challenges like working in a deep and narrow space and challenging ergonomics for the surgeons. Because of these issues open RPP is still performed in experienced centers. In order to reduce these difficulties, robot- assisted radical perineal prostatectomy (r-RPP) is developed...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193884/morphological-and-clinical-evaluation-of-prostatic-urethra-using-modified-sonourethrography-with-retrograde-jelly-injection
#13
Tomonori Minagawa, Hironori Daimon, Noriyuki Ogawa, Tetsuichi Saito, Toshiro Suzuki, Takahisa Domen, Takashi Nagai, Teruyuki Ogawa, Osamu Ishizuka
OBJECTIVE: Using modified sonourethrography (mSUG) with retrograde jelly injection to precisely measure the morphological characteristics of the prostatic urethra, we assessed prostatic urethral morphology associated with clinical parameters of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: BPH patients (n = 43) and control patients with localized prostate cancer (PC; n = 57) were imaged by mSUG before surgery. Using the seminal colliculus as a landmark, prostatic urethral angulation (PUA), sagittal urethral diameter, and anterior or posterior prostatic urethral length were measured...
November 29, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188324/total-vaginectomy-and-urethral-lengthening-at-time-of-neourethral-prelamination-in-transgender-men
#14
Carlos A Medina, Lydia A Fein, Christopher J Salgado
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: For transgender men (TGM), gender-affirmation surgery (GAS) is often the final stage of their gender transition. GAS involves creating a neophallus, typically using tissue remote from the genital region, such as radial forearm free-flap phalloplasty. Essential to this process is vaginectomy. Complexity of vaginal fascial attachments, atrophy due to testosterone use, and need to preserve integrity of the vaginal epithelium for tissue rearrangement add to the intricacy of the procedure during GAS...
November 29, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182032/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-bulbar-urethra-accompanied-by-lichen-sclerosus-a-case-report
#15
Xufeng Peng, Hailin Guo, Chongrui Jin, Lin Wang, Yinglong Sa
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the bulbar urethra accompanied by lichen sclerosus (LS) is rarely reported. This study reports the case of a 56-year-old man with urethral squamous cell carcinoma (USCC) accompanied by a long history of genital LS. The man presented with a painful perineal mass and had a long-term history of urethral strictures and urethral dilatation. The patient developed a periurethral abscess that expanded to the perineum and formed an urethrocutaneousperineal fistula. An organ-sparing perineal resection and fistulectomy was performed according to the patient's wishes...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178540/can-time-to-failure-predict-the-faulty-component-in-artificial-urinary-sphincter-device-malfunctions
#16
David Y Yang, Brian J Linder, Adam R Miller, Laureano J Rangel, Daniel S Elliott
OBJECTIVE: Artificial urinary sphincter malfunctions can occur in any of the individual components. Preoperative identification of the malfunctioning component can be valuable for patient counseling and surgical planning. The optimal strategy for repair of failed artificial urinary sphincter components is debated given the relative rarity of the situation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of time to failure with failed artificial urinary sphincter component and to compare our outcomes of specific component versus complete device replacement...
November 26, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178533/urethral-complications-after-transgender-phalloplasty-and-strategies-to-treat-them-and-minimize-their-occurrence
#17
REVIEW
Richard A Santucci
BACKGROUND: Radial forearm free flap phalloplasty (RFFP) is the current standard of care for most FTM gender confirmation surgeries. This procedure is associated with a rate of urethral stricture as high as 51%, which falls only to 23-35% even among the most experienced contemporary surgeons. While some modifications have been proposed to combat this high complication rate, it still remains a major source of lasting morbidity. METHODS: Literature review of RFFP literature...
November 27, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170049/brachytherapy-for-conservative-treatment-of-invasive-penile-carcinoma-in-older-patients-single-institution-experience
#18
Alexandre Escande, Pierre Maroun, Isabelle Dumas, Antoine Schernberg, Alberto Bossi, Renaud De Crevoisier, Eric Deutsch, Christine Haie-Meder, Cyrus Chargari
BACKGROUND: No study has examined the possibility to perform an organ sparing strategy in older patients with penile carcinoma, and amputation is frequently proposed. We report our experience of interstitial brachytherapy for the conservative treatment of penile carcinoma confined to the glans in patients aged of 70years and more. METHODS: A total of 55 patients candidates to conservative brachytherapy were identified. Median age was 73.8years (range: 70-95years)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158172/estimated-minimal-residual-membranous-urethral-length-on-preoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-can-be-a-new-predictor-for-continence-after-radical-prostatectomy
#19
Yohei Satake, Yasuhiro Kaiho, Hideo Saito, Takayuki Yamada, Naoki Kawamorita, Shinichi Yamashita, Koji Mitsuzuka, Shigeyuki Yamada, Akihiro Ito, Yoichi Arai
OBJECTIVE: To identify a parameter predicting postoperative recovery of urinary continence after radical prostatectomy, associations between parameters on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and postoperative continence status were investigated. METHODS: This prospective study enrolled 113 patients with localized prostate cancer who underwent MRI before radical prostatectomy. Continence was evaluated using the Expanded Prostate Index Composite instrument before surgery and at 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, and 36 months postoperatively...
November 17, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154708/urethral-diverticulum-and-urolithiasis-in-a-female-guinea-pig-cavia-porcellus
#20
Lily A B Parkinson, Jennifer C Hausmann, Robert J Hardie, Megan A Mickelson, Kurt K Sladky
CASE DESCRIPTION A 5-year-old sexually intact female guinea pig was evaluated because of mild dysuria and a subcutaneous mass located cranioventral to the urogenital openings. CLINICAL FINDINGS Non-contrast-enhanced CT and surgical exploration of the distal aspect of the urethra revealed a urethral diverticulum with an intraluminal urolith. Analysis revealed that the urolith was composed of calcium carbonate and struvite. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME The urolith was surgically removed and ablation of the urethral diverticulum was attempted...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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