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Xiao-Wen Zhang, Xin Man, Xin Huang, Yue Wang, Qi-Sheng Song, Kai-Min Hui, Hong-Wei Zhang
C-type lectins are important immune molecules that participate in crustacean defense response. The present work reports a novel C-type lectin (PcLec6) from the red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii. PcLec6 encodes a single-peptide protein of 385 amino acids, which include a C-type lectin domain (CTLD) and a serine-rich region. PcLec6 expression in lymph organ and gills was up-regulated after bacterial challenge by Vibrio alginolyticus or white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). Recombinant full-length PcLec6 or its CTLD proteins were used for the functional analyses...
March 10, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Xiao-Lu Xie, Xue-Jiao Chang, Yan Gao, Dong-Li Li, Ling-Ke Liu, Man-Jun Liu, Ke-Jian Wang, Hai-Peng Liu
Influenza A virus non-structural-1A binding protein (named as Ns1abp) was originally identified as a host protein from human that bound to the viral NS-1 protein. In our previous study, the expression of an Ns1abp-like gene (denoted as CqNs1abp-like gene) was found to be up-regulated in a transcriptome library from the haematopoietic tissue (Hpt) cells of red claw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus post white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection. To elucidate the role of CqNs1abp-like gene involved in WSSV infection, we cloned the CqNs1abp-like gene in which the open reading frame was 2232 bp, encoding 743 amino acids with two typical domains of one BTB (Broad-Complex, Tramtrack and Bric a brac) domain at N-terminal and six Kelch domains at C-terminal...
March 3, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Kantamas Apitanyasai, Piti Amparyup, Walaiporn Charoensapsri, Pakkakul Sangsuriya, Anchalee Tassanakajon
Hemocyte homeostasis-associated protein (PmHHAP) was first identified as a viral-responsive gene, due to a high upregulation in transcription following white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection. Functional studies using RNA interference have suggested that PmHHAP is involved in hemocyte homeostasis by controlling apoptosis during WSSV infection. In this study, the role of PmHHAP in host-viral interactions was further investigated. Yeast two-hybrid assay and co-immunoprecipitation revealed that PmHHAP binds to an anti-apoptosis protein, WSSV134...
February 28, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Huijing Zhang, Xuemei Yao, Yunfei Ding, Zheng Xu, Rongning Liang, Ying Zhang, Yulong Wu, Boqing Li, Bo Guan
The PI3K/AKT signaling pathway is commonly exploited to regulate viral replication and affect the fate of infected cells. In the present study, a PI3K-specific inhibitor (LY294002) was employed to pretreat crayfish to evaluate the effects of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in WSSV replication. The results showed that the WSSV copy numbers in crayfish pretreated with LY294002 were significantly lower than those in Tris-HCl pretreatment crayfish on the sixth and tenth day after WSSV infection. In semigranular cells, the apoptosis rates were up-regulated on the third day post-WSSV infection, and a significantly lower proportion of apoptosis cells were observed in LY294002-pretreatment group...
February 26, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
U B Inchara, R P Sathish, K M Shankar, P B Abhiman, P Prakash
A panel of four monoclonal antibodies (C-05, C-14, C-38 and C-56) specific to VP28 of White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) were evaluated individually and in cocktail to increase sensitivity of the Flow Through Assay (FTA) for detection of the virus. Recombinant VP28 and semi purified WSSV was used as antigen for evaluation. Out of the total 11 cocktails and four individual of MAbs, 2 MAb cocktails C-05 + C-56 and C-14 + C-56 exhibited highest sensitivity in the FTA. The two MAb cocktail were 100 times more sensitive than 1-step PCR and nearly equivalent to 2-step PCR for the detection of WSSV...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Xiaoyuan Wei, Limin Wang, Wanwei Sun, Ming Zhang, Hongyu Ma, Yueling Zhang, Xinxu Zhang, Shengkang Li
As pattern recognition receptors, C-type lectins (CTLs) play important roles in immune system of crustaceans through identifying and binding to the conservative pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) on pathogen surfaces. In this study, a new CTL, SpCTL-B, was identified from the hemocytes of mud crab Scylla paramamosain. The full-length of SpCTL-B cDNA was 1278 bp with an open reading frame (ORF) of 348 bp. The predicted SpCTL-B protein contains a single carbohydrate-recognition domain (CRD). SpCTL-B transcripts were distributed in all examined tissues with the highest levels in hepatopancreas...
February 21, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Yun Li, Hong Liu, Xilin Dai, Jingjing Li, Fujiang Ding
The effects of inulin and mannan oligosaccharide (MOS) at different doses (2.5, 4 and 10 mg/g) in singular or combined diet on growth rate, immune related genes expression, and resistance to white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) and Vibrio alginolyticus in Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) were investigated. At the end of 28-day singular feeding experiment, the highest values of specific growth rate (SGR) and the expression of toll-like receptor1, 2 and 3 (TLR1, 2, 3), signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT), crustin, anti-lipopolysaccharide factor (ALF) as well as prophenoloxidase (proPO) were observed in shrimp individually fed with 5 mg/g dietary inulin or MOS, respectively...
February 19, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Mohammad Anwar Siddique, Md Inja-Mamun Haque, Santonu Kumar Sanyal, Anwar Hossain, Shuvro Prokash Nandi, A S M Rubayet Ul Alam, Munawar Sultana, Mahmud Hasan, M Anwar Hossain
White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV), the etiological agent of White Spot Disease (WSD) is a major impediment for shrimp aquaculture in the worldwide. A critical threshold level of WSSV load in infected shrimp is an important trait for disease manifestation and WSSV transmission in cultured shrimp and subsequently make outbreaks. The present study investigated 120 naturally infected cultured shrimp samples by SYBR Green based qPCR assay for WSD diagnosis and quantification of WSSV load. Among them, 94 samples resulted a variable count of WSSV load ranging from 2...
February 20, 2018: AMB Express
Dong-Li Li, Xue-Jiao Chang, Xiao-Lu Xie, Shu-Cheng Zheng, Qiu-Xia Zhang, Shu-Ao Jia, Ke-Jian Wang, Hai-Peng Liu
The β-thymosins are a group of structurally related, highly conserved intracellular small peptides in vertebrates with various biological functions, including cytoskeletal remodeling, neuronal development, cell migration, cell survival, tissue repair and inhibition of inflammation. In contrast to vertebrates, the function of β-thymosin is not fully understood in crustaceans. Previously, we found that a thymosin-repeated protein1 (CqTRP1) gene was up-regulated after white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) challenge in haematopoietic tissue (Hpt) cells from the red claw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus...
February 8, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Pandi Palanikumar, Dani Joel Daffni Benitta, Chinnadurai Lelin, Eswaramoorthy Thirumalaikumar, Mariavincent Michaelbabu, Thavasimuthu Citarasu
Argemone mexicana called as Mexican prickly poppy is a species of poppy found in Mexico and now widely naturalized in many parts of the world with broad range of bioactivities including anthelmintic, cures lepsory, skin-diseases, inflammations and bilious fevers. Plant parts of A. mexicana were serially extracted with hexane, ethyl acetate, methanol and performed antiviral and immunostimulant screening against WSSV and Vibrio harveyi respectively. The control groups succumbed to death 100% within three days, whereas the mortality was significantly (P < 0...
February 7, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Sen Xu, Wen-Ying Liu, Fei-Fei Zhao, You-Jie Li, Zhen Yue, Fei Jiao, Shu-Yang Xie
Activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) pathway is the key branch of unfolded protein response (UPR). In this study, a homolog of ATFα from Marsupenaeus japonicus (MjATF6) was identified using genome sequencing and characterized, so as to investigate the role of ATF6 pathway in anti-viral immunity of M. japonicus. The cDNA of MjATF6 obtained was 1008 bp in length, with an open reading frame (ORF) of 849bp, which had encoded a putative of 283 amino acid proteins. Results of qRT-PCR showed that MjATF6 was distributed in all the six tested tissues, with the higher expression level being seen in hemocytes and hepatopancreas...
February 7, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Lei Zhu, Xiaoqian Tang, Jing Xing, Xiuzhen Sheng, Wenbin Zhan
In our previous study, the differentially expressed proteins have been identified by proteomic analysis in total haemocytes of shrimp (Fenneropenaeus chinensis) after white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection. To further investigate the differential response of haemocyte subpopulations to WSSV infection, granulocytes and hyalinocytes were separated from healthy and WSSV-infected shrimp by immunomagnetic bead (IMB) method, respectively. Then two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectrometry (MS) were used to analyze the differentially expressed proteins in haemocyte subpopulations between healthy and WSSV-infected shrimp...
February 7, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Xiaoli Shi, Xianhong Meng, Jie Kong, Sheng Luan, Kun Luo, Baoxiang Cao, Xia Lu, Xupeng Li, Baolong Chen, Jiawang Cao
White spot syndrome (WSS) is one of the most damaging phenomena in the culturing of shrimp. To characterize the mechanisms of the molecular responses to WSSV infection in 'Huanghai No. 2'' Fenneropenaeus chinensis, we used next-generation sequencing to observe the transcriptome after oral infection. A total of 108.6 million clean reads were obtained and assembled into 64,103 final unigenes with an average length of 845 bp (N50 = 1534 bp). The assembled unigenes contained 14,263 significant unigenes after BLASTX against the Nr database (E-value cut-off of 10-5)...
January 30, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Divya T Babu, K Archana, Bhavya Kachiprath, Solly Solomon, G Jayanath, I S Bright Singh, Rosamma Philip
Actinomycetes (277Nos) isolated from marine environments and shrimp culture pond sediments were tested for hydrolytic enzyme production and biogranulation property. Potential isolates were screened for their efficacy in bioremediation of shrimp culture system. Based on the BOD reduction efficiency and water quality parameters, five actinomycete isolates viz., Streptomyces coelicoflavus (A6), Streptomyces diastaticus (A 44), Nocardiopsis alba (A 55), Streptomyces parvus (A 56) and Streptomyces champavatii (R 32) were subjected for tertiary screening in Penaeus monodon larval rearing system and the animals were challenged with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV)...
January 30, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Ziyan Wang, Baozhen Sun, Fei Zhu
Diphthamide biosynthesis protein 7 (Dph7) is a vital protein for diphthamide biosynthesis in archaea and eukaryotes. The 1143 bp cDNA sequence of Dph7 was cloned from the gills of Marsupenaeus japonicus using RT-PCR and RACE. Data showed that Dph7 was highly expressed in the gills and digestive gland of M. japonicus. Furthermore, the expression of dph7 was induced by infection with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). When Dph7 was knocked down, immune genes such as toll, prophenoloxidase (proPO), p53, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) were significantly down-regulated (P < 0...
January 30, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Jude Juventus Aweya, Wei Wang, Yueling Zhang, Defu Yao, Shengkang Li, Fan Wang
The Pim1 serine/threonine kinase is associated with multiple cellular functions including proliferation, survival, differentiation, apoptosis, tumorigenesis, immune regulation and inflammation in vertebrates. However, little is known about the role of Pim1 in invertebrate immunity. In this study, we identified and characterized for the first time, a Pim1 (LvPim1) gene in Litopenaeus vannamei, with a full-length cDNA of 2352 bp and a 1119 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a putative protein of 372 amino acids, which contains a typical serine/threonine kinase domain...
January 17, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Lizenn Delisle, Marine Fuhrmann, Claudie Quéré, Marianna Pauletto, Vianney Pichereau, Fabrice Pernet, Charlotte Corporeau
Voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) is a key mitochondrial protein. VDAC drives cellular energy metabolism by controlling the influx and efflux of metabolites and ions through the mitochondrial membrane, playing a role in its permeabilization. This protein exerts a pivotal role during the white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection in shrimp, through its involvement in a particular metabolism that plays in favor of the virus, the Warburg effect. The Warburg effect corresponds to an atypical metabolic shift toward an aerobic glycolysis that provides energy for rapid cell division and resistance to apoptosis...
January 17, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Xiao-Xiao Chen, Yan-Yao Li, Xue-Jiao Chang, Xiao-Lu Xie, Yu-Ting Liang, Ke-Jian Wang, Wen-Yun Zheng, Hai-Peng Liu
It is well known that iron is an essential element for all living organism. The intracellular iron availability is also important for the host's innate immune response to various pathogens, in which the iron homeostasis can be regulated by ferritin due to its iron storage property. In this study, a full-length cDNA sequence of ferritin (named as CqFerritin) was identified with 1410 bp from red claw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus, which contained an open reading frame of 513 bp, encoding 170 amino acids with a conserved ferritin domain...
January 13, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Cairé Barreto, Jaqueline da Rosa Coelho, Jianbo Yuan, Jianhai Xiang, Luciane Maria Perazzolo, Rafael Diego Rosa
Crustins form a large family of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in crustaceans composed of four sub-groups (Types I-IV). Type II crustins (Type IIa or "Crustins" and Type IIb or "Crustin-like") possess a typical hydrophobic N-terminal region and are by far the most representative sub-group found in penaeid shrimp. To gain insight into the molecular diversity of Type II crustins in penaeids, we identified and characterized a Type IIb crustin in Litopenaeus vannamei (Crustin-like Lv) and compared Type II crustins at both molecular and transcriptional levels...
January 16, 2018: Marine Drugs
M L E Hernández-Palomares, J A Godoy-Lugo, S Gómez-Jiménez, L A Gámez-Alejo, R M Ortiz, J F Muñoz-Valle, A B Peregrino-Uriarte, G Yepiz-Plascencia, J A Rosas-Rodríguez, J G Soñanez-Organis
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is key for anaerobic glycolysis. LDH is induced by the hypoxia inducible factor -1 (HIF-1). HIF-1 induces genes involved in glucose metabolism and regulates cellular oxygen homeostasis. HIF-1 is formed by a regulatory α-subunit (HIF-1α) and a constitutive β-subunit (HIF-1β). The white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) induces anaerobic glycolysis in shrimp hemocytes, associated with lactate accumulation. Although infection and lactate production are associated, the LDH role in WSSV-infected shrimp has not been examined...
January 11, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
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