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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439403/policy-entrepreneurship-and-policy-networks-in-healthcare-systems-the-case-of-israel-s-pediatric-dentistry-reform
#1
Nissim Cohen, Tuvia Horev
BACKGROUND: Can the entry of a policy entrepreneur challenge the equilibrium of a policy network and promote changes that might clash with the goals of powerful civil-servants and/or interest groups and, if so, why and how? Our goal is to examine two sides of the same coin: how does an in-depth analysis of Israel's dental care reform enrich our understanding of policy networks and policy entrepreneurship? Second, how does the literature on policy networks and policy entrepreneurship help us understand this reform? Based on a theoretical framework that appears in the literature of policy entrepreneurship and policy networks, we analyze the motivations, goals and strategies of the main actors involved in the process of reforming pediatric dental care in Israel...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438160/use-of-oral-health-care-services-in-finnish-adults-results-from-the-cross-sectional-health-2000-and-2011-surveys
#2
Anna L Suominen, Sari Helminen, Satu Lahti, Miira M Vehkalahti, Matti Knuuttila, Sinikka Varsio, Anne Nordblad
BACKGROUND: During the 2000s, two major legislative reforms concerning oral health care have been implemented in Finland. One entitled the whole population to subsidized care and the other regulated the timeframes of access to care. Our aim was, in a cross-sectional setting, to assess changes in and determinants of use of oral health care services before the first reform in 2000 and after both reforms in 2011. METHODS: The data were part of the nationally representative Health 2000 and 2011 Surveys of adults aged ≥ 30 years and were gathered by interviews and questionnaires...
April 24, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435362/awareness-about-the-effects-of-tobacco-consumption-on-oral-health-and-the-possibility-of-smoking-behavior-among-male-saudi-schoolchildren
#3
Muhammad Ashraf Nazir, Khalid Almas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate an association between the awareness about the effects of tobacco consumption on oral health and the likelihood of smoking among male schoolchildren. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted using a multistage random sampling technique. The participants (ages 15-19 years) were recruited from male public high schools in Greater Dammam in Saudi Arabia. A pretested questionnaire inquired participants' awareness about the effects of smoking on oral health...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429485/the-place-of-periodontal-examination-and-referral-in-general-medicine
#4
REVIEW
Samuel Chan, Graham M Pasternak, Malcolm J West
In many countries, dental services, unlike other health-care services, are not covered by the principle of universal access. It is only in the last couple of decades that there has been a greater interaction between medicine and dentistry. Various health-care systems worldwide may provide public dental services to the young and the disadvantaged, but few provide access to all. Public policy does not appear to appreciate the vast economic, health and social implications of poor oral health on the overall health of an individual...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428570/investigation-of-the-erosive-potential-of-sour-novelty-sweets
#5
A Aljawad, M Z Morgan, R Fairchild, J S Rees
Background The expansion of the novelty sweets market in the UK has major potential public health implications in children and young adults as they may cause dental erosion.Objective To investigate the erosive potential of the novelty sweets in term of their physiochemical properties and amount of enamel loss.Subjects and methods The pH of a variety of novelty sweets was tested in vitro using a pH meter and the neutralisable acidity was assessed by titrating the sweets against 0.1M NaOH. The viscosity of the novelty sweets was measured using a rotational viscometer...
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425828/compliance-to-guidelines-for-the-prescribing-of-antibiotics-in-acute-infections-at-namibia-s-national-referral-hospital-a-pilot-study-and-the-implications
#6
S Nakwatumbah, D Kibuule, B Godman, V Haakuria, F Kalemeera, A Baker, M Mwangana
BACKGROUND: Sub-optimal antibiotic prescribing remains a public health concern in Namibia. The objective is to determine the level and predictors of compliance to guidelines in the prescribing of antibiotics in acute infections at a national referral hospital in Namibia to improve future prescribing. METHODS: Descriptive observational cross-sectional study. The clinical records of patients receiving care were reviewed. Prescribing practices were assessed using a self- administered questionnaire with reference to Namibia Standard Treatment Guidelines (NSTG)...
April 20, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422591/effect-of-papacarie-and-alternative-restorative-treatment-on-pain-reaction-during-caries-removal-among-children-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Amg Abdul Khalek, M A Elkateb, W E Abdel Aziz, M El Tantawi
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of Papacarie and Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) on pain and discomfort during caries removal among children. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty healthy, 4-8 year-old children were equally and randomly allocated to Papacarie and ART to remove caries from decayed primary teeth. A randomized, controlled, blinded, two parallel-arms clinical trial was conducted in the clinic of the Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health Department, Alexandria University, Egypt in March 2014...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417515/do-maternal-depression-and-anxiety-influence-children-s-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#8
Francine Dos Santos Costa, Marina Sousa Azevedo, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marília Leão Goettems
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the influence of depressive and anxiety symptoms in young mothers on their perception in relation to their children's oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Pelotas, Southern Brazil, and it was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers having their prenatal care in public health service, starting in 2008. When the children were aged 24-36 months, they and their mothers were interviewed and submitted to clinical examination by a trained team...
April 17, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414852/-access-to-oral-health-services-in-children-under-twelve-years-of-age-in-peru-2014
#9
Akram Hernández-Vásquez, Diego Azañedo, Deysi Díaz-Seijas, Guido Bendezú-Quispe, Hugo Arroyo-Hernández, Stalin Vilcarromero, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez
The aim of the study was to explore the patterns of dental health services access in children under twelve years of age in Peru. Data from 25,285 children under 12 years who participated in the Demographic and Family Health Survey of 2014 were reviewed. An exploratory spatial analysis was performed to project the proportions of children with access to dental health services, according to national regions, type of health service and urban or rural place of residence. The results show that of the total sample, 26...
July 2016: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413165/applying-multi-theory-model-mtm-of-health-behavior-change-to-predict-water-consumption-instead-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#10
Manoj Sharma, Hannah Priest Catalano, Vinayak K Nahar, Vimala C Lingam, Paul Johnson, M Allison Ford
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of college students to not drink enough water and consume sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Consumption of SSBs is associated with weight gain, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dental carries, and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Hence, the purpose of this study was to use the multi-theory model (MTM) in predicting initiation and sustenance of plain water consumption instead of sugar-sweetened beverages among college students. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412230/oral-health-4-life-design-and-methods-of-a-semi-pragmatic-randomized-trial-to-promote-oral-health-care-and-smoking-abstinence-among-tobacco-quitline-callers
#11
Jennifer B McClure, Paula R Blasi, Andrea Cook, Terry Bush, Paul Fishman, Jennifer Nelson, Melissa L Anderson, Sheryl L Catz
Smokers are at high risk for oral disease. As a result, they represent an important target group for population-level, public oral health promotion efforts. While dental health professionals often address smoking with their patients, no systematic efforts have been made to offer smokers an intervention to improve their use of oral health care. This paper details the rationale, design, and methods of a large, semi-pragmatic, randomized clinical trial designed to address this gap. Participants are recruited via the Oregon, Nebraska and Louisiana state-sponsored tobacco quitlines and randomized to receive standard quitline care versus standard care plus a multi-modal oral health promotion program (Oral Health 4 Life) integrated within the quitline services...
April 12, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411314/dental-enamel-as-biomarker-for-environmental-contaminants-in-relevant-industrialized-estuary-areas-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#12
Vera Lucia Ferreira de Oliveira, Raquel Fernanda Gerlach, Lourdes Conceição Martins, Carolina de Souza Guerra, Paulo Frazão, Alfésio Luis Ferreira Braga, Luiz Alberto Amador Pereira
Heavy metal contamination is a long-standing and very well-known public health problem, and its exposure can cause damage to several organs of human body, especially on the central nervous system of young children and teenagers. The aim of this article is to evaluate lead, cadmium, and manganese contamination in 125 children from 6 to 13 years old living in contaminated areas during the period from 2006 to 2009 (São Vicente, Cubatão Downtown, Bertioga and Cubatão Pilões/Água Fria). This estuary area is the most important example of environmental degradation by chemicals from industrial sources...
April 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407993/policies-for-use-of-real-world-data-in-health-technology-assessment-hta-a-comparative-study-of-six-hta-agencies
#13
REVIEW
Amr Makady, Renske Ten Ham, Anthonius de Boer, Hans Hillege, Olaf Klungel, Wim Goettsch
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials provide robust data on the efficacy of interventions rather than on effectiveness. Health technology assessment (HTA) agencies worldwide are thus exploring whether real-world data (RWD) may provide alternative sources of data on effectiveness of interventions. Presently, an overview of HTA agencies' policies for RWD use in relative effectiveness assessments (REA) is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To review policies of six European HTA agencies on RWD use in REA of drugs...
April 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390125/impact-of-early-childhood-caries-and-its-treatment-under-general-anesthesia-on-orofacial-function-and-quality-of-life-a-prospective-comparative-study
#14
V Collado, H Pichot, C Delfosse, C Eschevins, E Nicolas, M Hennequin
BACKGROUND: Early Childhood Caries (ECC) has become a major public health concern worldwide, mostly affecting children from disadvantaged families in increasingly severe forms. This condition has been frequently reported to alter children's nutrition, growth and general development. It negatively impacts their quality of life, through painful episodes and severe eating difficulties. While this period is crucial for oral praxes development, the impact of dental state on oro-facial functions is poorly documented...
April 8, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387272/guidelines-on-the-timing-and-frequency-of-bitewing-radiography-a-systematic-review
#15
T L Goodwin, H Devlin, A M Glenny, L O'Malley, K Horner
Objectives To identify guidelines on when and how frequently bitewing radiographs should be used in dentistry for the diagnosis of caries, and to provide an objective appraisal of their quality.Data sources MEDLINE (OVID), US National Guideline Clearinghouse (www.guideline.gov) and the Royal College of Surgeons of England (https://www.rcseng.ac.uk/fds/publications-clinical-guidelines/clinical_guidelines) websites were searched using a variety of relevant search terms (2 August 2016).Data selection Publications were included if they made recommendations on the issue of when and how frequently radiographs should be used in any dentally-related specialty pertaining to the diagnosis of caries; and/or if they were aimed at the individual practitioner (any health professional working within dentistry) and/or patients...
April 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387271/the-healthcare-system-and-the-provision-of-oral-healthcare-in-european-union-member-states-part-7-republic-of-ireland
#16
N Woods, S Ahern, F Burke, K A Eaton, E Widström
The Irish oral healthcare system is a hybrid model with a public/private mix of service provision, predominantly organised on the basis of fee-per-item remuneration. The system is structured around three long standing publicly funded schemes: the Public Dental Service (PDS) for all children and adults with special needs and provided by salaried dentists, the Dental Treatment Services Scheme (DTSS) for low income adults, and the Dental Treatment Benefit Scheme (DTBS) for insured persons, the latter two both provided by private independent dental practitioners...
April 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381246/-fit-for-school-a-school-based-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-programme-to-improve-child-health-results-from-a-longitudinal-study-in-cambodia-indonesia-and-lao-pdr
#17
Denise Duijster, Bella Monse, Jed Dimaisip-Nabuab, Pantjawidi Djuharnoko, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien, Martin Hobdell, Katrin Kromeyer-Hauschild, Yung Kunthearith, Maria Carmela Mijares-Majini, Nicole Siegmund, Panith Soukhanouvong, Habib Benzian
BACKGROUND: The Fit for School (FIT) programme integrates school health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene interventions, which are implemented by the Ministries of Education in four Southeast Asian countries. This paper describes the findings of a Health Outcome Study, which aimed to assess the two-year effect of the FIT programme on the parasitological, weight, and oral health status of children attending schools implementing the programme in Cambodia, Indonesia and Lao PDR. METHODS: The study was a non-randomized clustered controlled trial with a follow-up period of two years...
April 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380088/dental-caries-and-quality-of-life-of-preschool-children-discriminant-validity-of-the-ecohis
#18
Meire Coelho Ferreira, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Leandro Silva Marques, Fernanda de Oliveira Ferreira
The aim of the present study was to confirm the discriminant validity (obtained using traditional statistical methods) of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) between preschool children with and without caries (mean score) through an evaluation of the effect size. A systematic search of electronic databases and a manual search were performed for studies published up to December 2015 involving the use of the ECOHIS for the evaluation of the impact of dental caries on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among preschool children...
March 30, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379606/oral-manifestations-related-to-dengue-fever-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
Marlus da Silva Pedrosa, Miguel Henrique Pereira de Paiva, Luiz Gustavo Fernandes Lima Oliveira, Sângela Maria da Silva Pereira, Cláudio Heliomar Vicente da Silva, José Guilherme Férrer Pompeu
The focus on oral manifestations of dengue fever (DF) is not common in the scientific literature and the patient affected can present signs and symptoms that may not be noticed by dental professionals. This systematic review article was conducted to identify and discuss the oral manifestations related to dengue fever MATERIALS AND METHODS: The electronic databases PubMed, LILACS, Web of Science and Scopus were searched from November to December 2016 by two authors, simultaneously, using as search terms: Dengue and Oral Manifestation combined...
April 5, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377651/a-cross-sectional-study-for-assessment-of-untreated-dental-caries-and-its-consequences-among-slum-dwelling-children
#20
Charu Marya, Sakshi Kataria, Ruchi Nagpal, Sukhvinder S Oberoi, Chandan Dhingra, Dimple Arora
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries affects humans of all ages throughout the world and remains the major dental public health problem among children globally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the cluster sampling technique to obtain the required sample size of 400 children from urban slum population of Faridabad, Haryana, India. Data were collected using World Health Organization dentition status 1997 criteria and PUFA/pufa index. TYPE OF STUDY: Cross-sectional study...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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