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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821522/evidence-of-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-the-management-of-dental-fear-in-paediatric-dentistry-a-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Stefano Cianetti, Luigi Paglia, Roberto Gatto, Alessandro Montedori, Eleonora Lupatelli
INTRODUCTION: Several techniques have been proposed to manage dental fear/dental anxiety (DFA) in children and adolescents undergoing dental procedures. To our knowledge, no widely available compendium of therapies to manage DFA exists. We propose a study protocol to assess the evidence regarding pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to relieve dental anxiety in children and adolescents. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In our systematic review, we will include randomised trials, controlled clinical rials and systematic reviews (SRs) of trials that investigated the effects of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to decrease dental anxiety in children and adolescents...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821510/social-and-somatic-determinants-of-underweight-overweight-and-obesity-at-5-years-of-age-a-norwegian-regional-cohort-study
#2
Hilde Mjell Donkor, Jacob Holter Grundt, Pétur Benedikt Júlíusson, Geir Egil Eide, Jørgen Hurum, Robert Bjerknes, Trond Markestad
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between the weight groups underweight (UW), overweight (OW) and obesity (OB) at 5 years of age and exposures related to pregnancy, anthropometric measures at birth, sociodemographic factors, and family health, anthropometric measures and habits. DESIGN: Regional cohort study. SETTING: Oppland County, Norway. METHODS: Pregnancy data were obtained from a prospective perinatal register for children born in the county, and weight and height were measured by midwives at birth and by public health nurses at 5 years...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819982/hiv-testing-in-the-dental-setting-perspectives-and-practices-of-experienced-dental-professionals
#3
Carrigan L Parish, Karolynn Siegel, Terri Liguori, Stephen N Abel, Harold A Pollack, Margaret R Pereyra, Lisa R Metsch
The dental setting is a largely untapped venue to identify patients with undiagnosed HIV infection. Yet, uptake of rapid HIV testing within the dental community remains low. This study sought to better understand the experiences of dental professionals who have administered the test and how these experiences might inform efforts to promote greater uptake of rapid HIV testing in dental settings. Qualitative interviews were conducted with United States dentists (N = 37) and hygienists (N = 5) who offered rapid HIV testing in their practices...
August 18, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817337/oral-health-integration-into-a-pediatric-practice-and-coordination-of-referrals-to-a-colocated-dental-home-at-a-federally-qualified-health-center
#4
Nandini Sengupta, Sonal Nanavati, Maria Cericola, Lisa Simon
We have integrated preventive oral health measures into preventive care visits for children at a federally qualified health center in Boston, Massachusetts. The program, started in 2015, covers 3400 children and has increased universal caries risk screening in primary care to 85%, fluoride varnish application rates to 80%, and referrals to a dental home to 35%. We accomplished this by minimizing pressures on providers' workflow, empowering medical assistants to lead the initiative, and utilizing data-driven improvement strategies, alongside colocated coordinated care...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817336/children-s-access-to-dental-care-affected-by-reimbursement-rates-dentist-density-and-dentist-participation-in-medicaid
#5
Natalia I Chalmers, Robert D Compton
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relation between Medicaid reimbursement rates and access to dental care services in the context of dentist density and dentist participation in Medicaid in each state. METHODS: Data were from Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic, and Treatment reports for 2014, Medicaid reimbursement rate in 2013, dentist density in 2014, and dentist participation in Medicaid in 2014. We assessed patterns of mediation or moderation. RESULTS: Reimbursement rates and access to dental care were directly related at the state level, but no evidence indicated that higher reimbursement rates resulted in overuse of dental services for those who had access...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811801/pakistan-journal-of-medical-sciences-a-bibliometric-assessment-2001-2010
#6
Zameer Hussain Baladi, Loung V Umedani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the growth of scientific research, authors' productivity, affiliation with the institute and geographic locations published in the Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences during the period of 2001 - 2010. METHODS: This numerical analysis was conducted during mid-August 2016 to mid-October, 2016. The data for the study was downloaded from websites of e-journal of Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences (PJMS) and Pak Medi-Net Com...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804675/transition-in-dental-treatment-utilization-in-jammu-and-kashmir-india-a-10-year-retrospective-study
#7
Aasim Farooq Shah, Manu Batra, A Ishrat
BACKGROUND: Utilization of health services is the actual attendance by the members of the public at health care facilities to receive care. Utilization, serves as an important tool for oral health policy decision-making. The aim of the present study was to retrospectively gauge and assess the utilization pattern of the dental treatments which was given in hospital for last 10 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective infirmary based study was carried out at Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India...
December 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795915/where-teachers-are-few-documenting-available-faculty-in-five-tanzanian-medical-schools
#8
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
Background Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. Objective To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. Design We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793079/-the-interface-between-primary-and-secondary-care-in-dentistry-in-the-unified-health-system-sus-an-integrative-systematic-review
#9
Helbert Eustáquio Cardoso da Silva, Leila Bernarda Donato Gottems
Secondary care in dentistry in Brazil has scarce and broadly underutilized resources. The challenge is to organize the interface between primary health care (PHC) and secondary care in order to consolidate the population's access to specialist dental care in the Unified Health System (SUS). This article seeks to analyze national publications in Portuguese and English on the interface between secondary health care and primary health care in dentistry from the perspective of comprehensive care in the SUS. It is an integrative review, considering the publications of the following databases: SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Literature) WEB OF SCIENCE, SCOPUS, PubMed (International Literature on Health Sciences) and GOOGLE SCHOLAR...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792274/global-regional-and-national-prevalence-incidence-and-disability-adjusted-life-years-for-oral-conditions-for-195-countries-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-diseases-injuries-and-risk-factors
#10
N J Kassebaum, A G C Smith, E Bernabé, T D Fleming, A E Reynolds, T Vos, C J L Murray, W Marcenes
The Global Burden of Disease 2015 study aims to use all available data of sufficient quality to generate reliable and valid prevalence, incidence, and disability-adjusted life year (DALY) estimates of oral conditions for the period of 1990 to 2015. Since death as a direct result of oral diseases is rare, DALY estimates were based on years lived with disability, which are estimated only on those persons with unmet need for dental care. We used our data to assess progress toward the Federation Dental International, World Health Organization, and International Association for Dental Research's oral health goals of reducing the level of oral diseases and minimizing their impact by 2020...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777507/the-medicare-chronic-disease-dental-scheme-historical-scientific-socio-political-origins
#11
Harry Francis Akers, Arosha Tania Weerakoon, Michael Anthony Foley, Andrew James McAuliffe
While evidence and expert opinion are the foundations of effective policy, the politics, economics, and timing of a proposal can affect outcome. Australian government involvement in the planning, funding and delivery of dental services has been minimal and inconsistent. Many believe that the hybrid dispersal model of shared constitutional power has intermittently led to poor administration of national health policy. Throughout the decade-long prelude to the introduction of the Chronic Disease Dental Scheme, a landmark health policy in Australia, Parliamentarians moved responsibility for public dental services of disadvantaged Australians into an impasse between the Federal, State, and Territorial Governments...
July 2017: Journal of the History of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771709/assessment-of-the-referral-system-for-surgical-removal-of-third-molars-at-the-dental-faculty-king-saud-university
#12
Randa Abdul Moein Al Fotawi, Manju Roby Philip, Sangeetah Negavara Premnath
INTRODUCTION: There is compelling evidence that prophylactic extraction of third molars is a health problem that needs to be addressed. In particular, the vast amount of evidence demonstrating complications after removal of third molars, rather than supporting the necessity of removal or the negative effects of retention, raise this concern. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the referral system for third molar extraction at our institution by assessing patient opinions and the experience of the oral surgeons and the referring dentists...
August 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770189/racial-disparities-in-emergency-department-utilization-for-dental-oral-health-related-conditions-in-maryland
#13
Natalia I Chalmers
OBJECTIVES: Hospital emergency departments (EDs) are a place where many Americans seek treatment of dental conditions. Racial and ethnic minorities consistently have higher rates of ED utilization than whites for dental conditions. The reasons for these disparities and significant public health concerns are investigated less often. In this paper, we measure trends in racial disparities in ED discharges for dental conditions in Maryland from 2010 to 2013. To understand these disparities, we also describe differences between racial groups in age, gender, income, location, payer, comorbidities, and the availability of dental care...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765469/the-future-of-oral-health-care-provided-by-physicians-and-allied-professionals
#14
Hugh Silk
Medical providers of all types are beginning to engage in oral health, both academically and in practice. The process has been slow; however, momentum has increased over the past two decades as major health care organizations have emphasized the importance of oral health as a vital part of overall health. This article begins by defining which health providers have and should engage the public in oral health and then briefly reviews the influences that have led health professionals to address oral health in education and practice...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765467/dental-education-required-for-the-changing-health-care-environment
#15
Margherita Fontana, Carlos González-Cabezas, Tracy de Peralta, David C Johnsen
To be able to meet the demands for care in 2040, dental graduates will need to address challenges resulting from the rapidly changing health care environment with knowledge and sets of skills to build on current standards and adapt to the future. The purposes of this article are to 1) analyze key challenges likely to evolve considerably between now and 2040 that will impact dental education and practice and 2) propose several sets of skills and educational outcomes necessary to address these challenges. The challenges discussed include changes in prevalence of oral diseases, dental practice patterns, materials and technologies, integrated medical-dental care, role of electronic health records, cultural competence, integrated curricula, interprofessional education, specialty-general balance, and web/cloud-based collaborations...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765465/projecting-the-demand-for-dental-care-in-2040
#16
Richard J Manski, Chad D Meyerhoefer
The purpose of this study was to provide a forward-thinking assessment of the underlying factors likely to impact trends in dental care demand and the need for dental providers in 2020, 2025, and beyond. Dental workforce trends and their likely impact on the need for dentists are a function of predicted dental care demand, which will in turn be determined by the size and characteristics of our population size, economic outlook, the state of public and private dental care insurance, trends in dental care delivery, professionally determined dental care need, and population health beliefs...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765461/trends-in-oral-diseases-in-the-u-s-population
#17
R Gary Rozier, B Alexander White, Gary D Slade
This article reviews trends in dental caries, periodontal disease, and tooth loss for the United States along with population dynamics and risk factors that might influence these trends going forward. Dental caries experience remains high in the primary dentition. Caries severity in permanent teeth of children has declined to historically low levels, and long-standing inequalities in untreated caries appear to be narrowing. Declines in caries severity of children's permanent teeth have stabilized at a low level, but likely will contribute to future reductions in dental caries severity in adults...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764806/the-relationship-of-primary-care-providers-to-dental-practitioners-in-rural-and-remote-australia
#18
Tony Barnett, Ha Hoang, Jackie Stuart, Len Crocombe
BACKGROUND: Rural residents have poorer oral health and more limited access to dental services than their city counterparts. In rural communities, health care professionals often work in an extended capacity due to the needs of the community and health workforce shortages in these areas. Improved links and greater collaboration between resident rural primary care and dental practitioners could help improve oral health service provision such that interventions are both timely, effective and lead to appropriate follow-up and referral...
August 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764312/oral-health-and-quality-of-life-current-concepts
#19
REVIEW
R M Baiju, Elbe Peter, N O Varghese, Remadevi Sivaram
The recognition of health related quality of life began ever since WHO expanded the definition of health in 1948. This has resulted in the paradigm shift of health and disease from a medical model to a biopsychosocial model. Oral health too denotes not merely the absence of disease but the general well being so that the person can perform functions like eating, talking and smiling and also can contribute creatively to the society. Health related quality of life is a trade-off between how long and how well people live...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762344/assessment-of-fluoride-retention-in-jowar-consuming-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
G Dhanu, R Shiny, R Havale, S P Shrutha
INTRODUCTION: Dental fluorosis is considered as a serious public health problem in India. Water is usually the major source of fluoride exposure, but this is not the case always as exposure to local factors like diet can be important in some situations. Earlier studies have shown that jowar (a millet) consumption interacts with fluoride in the body and elevate fluorosis. AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between jowar consumption and severity of dental fluorosis...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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