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dental public health

Wafa Alayyan, Manal Al Halabi, Iyad Hussein, Amar Khamis, Mawlood Kowash
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of dental caries school children in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) area, to help the development of systematic approaches for preventive oral care programs in the GCC states and to provide sound information for oral health promotion and public health care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search to identify both published and unpublished articles concerning relevant studies of dental caries in children aged 6-16 years for their permanent teeth published from 1992 to 2016 with no language and time limit was performed...
September 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
John Jett, Ingrid N Visser, Jeffrey Ventre, Jordan Waltz, Carolina Loch
OBJECTIVES: Tooth damage as a result of oral stereotypies is evident in captive orca, yet little research on the topic exists. This study examines the associations between dental pathology, sex, facility, duration of captivity and other factors in captive orca. DESIGN: We evaluated mandibular and maxillary teeth from dental images of 29 captive orca owned by a US-based theme park. Each tooth was scored for coronal wear, wear at or below gum line and bore holes. Fractured and missing teeth were also noted...
September 29, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
Alexandre Baumgarten, Rochelle Santos Da Veiga, Patricia Tavora Bulgarelli, Vitor Motta Diesel, Alexandre Favero Bulgarelli
BACKGROUND: The Unified Health System (SUS) is the Brazilian set of public health services that offers global access to health care and disease treatments for all citizens. These services have been evaluated by means of a national survey assessing the users' perceptions. Aim To explore and characterize the SUS users' perceptions regarding primary dental team practices in the five Brazilian geographical regions. METHODS: Descriptive study. The sample consisted of 37 262 subjects...
October 9, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Hermann Derks, Derk Westheide, Thorsten Pfefferle, Peter Eickholz, Bettina Dannewitz
OBJECTIVES: Long-term retention of teeth and especially molars in function is the ultimate goal of periodontal therapy. Root-resective therapy is a treatment option for molars with advanced furcation involvement, which has been questioned because of the heterogenous success rates published in literature. This study aimed to evaluate long-term results of root-resective treatment over a period of up to 30 years. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort, 90 root-resected molars in 69 patients were examined for 4-30 years (14...
October 7, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
Natalie H Beth-Tasdogan, Benjamin Mayer, Heba Hussein, Oliver Zolk
BACKGROUND: Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a severe adverse reaction experienced by some individuals to certain medicines commonly used in the treatment of cancer and osteoporosis (e.g. bisphosphonates, denosumab and antiangiogenic agents) and involves the progressive destruction of bone in the mandible or maxilla. Depending on the drug, its dosage, and the duration of exposure, the occurrence of this adverse drug reaction may be rare (e.g. following the oral administration of bisphosphonate or denosumab treatments for osteoporosis, or antiangiogenic agent-targeted cancer treatment) or common (e...
October 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Renata Cristina Guskuma, Vinícius Aguiar Lages, Maylu Botta Hafner, Maria Paula Maciel Rando-Meirelles, Silvia Cypriano, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa, Marília Jesus Batista
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and intensity of dental pain in children according to size of municipality, associated factors and absenteeism. METHODS: The sample consisted of children aged 12 years old from public and private schools drawn from eight cities in the region of Campinas (SP). A questionnaire was applied to obtain dental pain, demographic, socioeconomic data, and a clinical examination was carried out to evaluate the experience of having a cavity...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Lei Chen, Hongying Pan, Yu-Hang Zhang, Kaiyan Feng, XiangYin Kong, Tao Huang, Yu-Dong Cai
Bone and dental diseases are serious public health problems. Most current clinical treatments for these diseases can produce side effects. Regeneration is a promising therapy for bone and dental diseases, yielding natural tissue recovery with few side effects. Because soft tissues inside the bone and dentin are densely populated with nerves and vessels, the study of bone and dentin regeneration should also consider the co-regeneration of nerves and vessels. In this study, a network-based method to identify co-regeneration genes for bone, dentin, nerve and vessel was constructed based on an extensive network of protein-protein interactions...
October 2, 2017: Genes
G M Davies, J Neville, K Jones, S White
Objective To explore possible reasons for the reduction in population caries levels among 5-year-old children in England since 2008.Design An ecological study to explore possible reasons for the apparent reduction in dental caries, which included changes in survey methods, deprivation levels and ethnic mix of the population, impact of community level oral health improvement interventions, reductions in sugar intake, and increases in the availability of fluoride.Setting Data were drawn from three consecutive epidemiological surveys undertaken in 2007/8 and 2011/12 (NHS Dental Epidemiology programme for England), and 2014/15 (Public Health England Dental Public Health Epidemiology Programme)...
November 2017: British Dental Journal
Lee Ching Yong, Andrew R Gray, Alex Chisholm, Sook Ling Leong, Siew Ling Tey, Rachel C Brown
OBJECTIVE: Despite considerable evidence supporting the health benefits of regular nut consumption, nut intakes remain lower than recommended among many populations. Understanding how the general population perceives nuts could inform strategies to promote regular nut consumption and increase intakes among the general public. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Participants were invited to complete a questionnaire which included information on nut consumption and knowledge and perceptions of nuts...
October 2, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Tássia Silvana Borges, Benjamin W Chaffee, Paulo Floriani Kramer, Eliane Gerson Feldens, Márcia Regina Vítolo, Carlos Alberto Feldens
The impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) in the primary dentition on oral health-related quality of life indicates the need for the planning of prevention strategies. The aim of this study was to assess whether anthropometric characteristics in early life are associated with TDI by preschool age MATERIALS AND METHODS: A birth cohort was recruited from the public healthcare system in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil. Socio-demographic variables, type of birth, head circumference, weight and length were collected at birth (WHO standards)...
October 1, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Mazin Samer, Fawaz AlQahtani, Sami AlDubai, Hadijah Abdullah, Tara Taiyeb-Ali, Fahim Vohra, Roslan Saub
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical outcomes and predictors of satisfaction in patients with lithium disilicate (LD) ceramic crowns. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Clinical outcomes were assessed in 47 patients with 88 LD crowns using modified United States Public Health Service evaluation (USPHS) criteria and survival rates. The questionnaire for predictors included three aspects; a) socio-demographic characteristics; b) oral health habits (tooth brushing frequency, flossing frequency, and dental visits) and c) satisfaction of the restorations (aesthetics, function, fit, cleans ability and chewing ability of the crowns and overall satisfaction)...
October 1, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Uzay Koc Vural, Arlin Kiremitçi, Saadet Gökalp
PURPOSE: To investigate the etiologic factors, effect of age and gender on dental trauma, and to evaluate the performance of composite resin on the fractured crown of permanent anterior teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 2-year period, 73 permanent teeth from 51 patients with dental trauma were treated with direct composite resin restoration. Informed consent and standardized trauma forms were completed by the patient; teeth were restored with a submicron hybrid composite resin (Spectrum TPH) and respective adhesive system (Prime&Bond NT)...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Ana Paula S Alves, Rise C I C Rank, Joana Estela R Vilela, Marcos S Rank, Wataro N Ogawa, Omar F Molina
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of the Baby's Mouth early dental care prevention and promotion program in preventing oral diseases (caries, gingivitis, or malocclusions) in children attended since 2010. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional and cohort study that assessed 252 children between 36 and 60 months of age in both sexes. The children were divided into three groups: G1: effective participants of the program from birth; G2: children who have stopped participating for more than 24 months, and G3: children who have never attended a prevention program...
September 25, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
Hermina Harnagea, Yves Couturier, Richa Shrivastava, Felix Girard, Lise Lamothe, Christophe Pierre Bedos, Elham Emami
OBJECTIVE: This scoping study has been conducted to map the literature and provide a descriptive synthesis on the barriers and facilitators of the integration of oral health into primary care. METHODS: Grounded in the Rainbow conceptual model and using the Levac et al six-stage framework, we performed a systematic search of electronic databases, organisational websites and grey literature from 1978 to April 2016. All publications with a focus on the integration of oral health into primary care were included except commentaries and editorials...
September 25, 2017: BMJ Open
Raquel Pippi Antoniazzi, Fabricio Batistin Zanatta, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Carlos Alberto Feldens
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of the use of crack and other illicit drugs on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in young adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated 106 crack users at a public treatment center for drug addiction and 106 controls matched for gender, age, and use of tobacco. Clinical examinations were performed for dental caries and periodontal disease. The outcome was OHRQoL, which was determined using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14)...
September 26, 2017: Oral Diseases
Ling Sun, Hai Ming Wong, Colman P McGrath
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of untreated malocclusion on different aspects of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All relevant literature published up to February 18, 2016 was collected from nine electronic databases. To make studies comparable, studies that used the dental aesthetic index (DAI), index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN), or index of complexity, outcome and need (ICON) to measure malocclusion and oral health impact profile (OHIP) to measure OHRQoL were selected for systematic review...
September 21, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Philipp Kanzow, Annette Wiegand, Gerd Göstemeyer, Falk Schwendicke
OBJECTIVES: Repair instead of complete replacement is recommended to manage partially defective restorations. It is unclear if and why such treatment is taught at dental schools or practiced by dentists. We aimed to identify barriers and facilitators for repairs using a systematic review and meta- and qualitative analysis. SOURCES: Electronic databases (PubMed, CENTRAL, Embase, PsycINFO) were searched. STUDY SELECTION: Quantitative studies reporting on the proportion of (1) dentists stating to perform repairs, (2) dental schools teaching repairs, (3) failed restorations having been repaired were included...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
Benedikt Christopher Spies, Siegbert Witkowski, Kirstin Vach, Ralf-Joachim Kohal
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and patient-reported outcome of all-ceramic zirconia implant supported fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) 5 years after implant installation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients were treated with two terminally placed one-piece zirconia implants for a three-unit FDP each. The FDPs consisted of a CAD/CAM-fabricated zirconia framework over-pressed with a fluor-apatite veneering ceramic and were adhesively cemented. Survival and success were assessed by applying modified US Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria and preparation of Kaplan-Meier (KM) plots...
September 21, 2017: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Carlos Zaror, María José Martínez-Zapata, Jaime Abarca, Jaime Díaz, Yolanda Pardo, Àngels Pont, Montse Ferrer
OBJECTIVES: Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in childhood and adolescence are a potential public health problem given their prevalence and consequences. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of TDIs on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschoolers and schoolchildren, by synthesizing the available evidence. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, ScieLo and Lilacs databases since January 1966 until March 2016...
September 21, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Benedikt C Spies, Marc Balmer, Ronald E Jung, Irena Sailer, Kirstin Vach, Ralf-Joachim Kohal
OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical and patient-reported outcomes of bi-layered, all-ceramic posterior single crowns (SCs) supported by zirconia implants in an uncontrolled, prospective, multicenter study. METHODS: In two centers, 60 patients received 71 one-piece zirconia oral implants to be restored with either SCs (n=49) or three-unit fixed dental prostheses (n=11). Of these patients, 45 implants were restored with all-ceramic, zirconia-based posterior SCs (one per patient)...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
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