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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923355/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-early-childhood-caries-among-preschool-children-in-trinidad
#1
Rahul Naidu, June Nunn, Erica Donnelly-Swift
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a public health problem in developed and developing countries. The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and ECC among preschool children in a Caribbean population. METHOD: Parents/primary caregivers of children attending nine, randomly selected preschools in central Trinidad were invited to complete an oral health questionnaire and have their child undertake an oral examination...
December 7, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920943/a-pilot-dental-survey-on-maui
#2
Olivia Jenkins, Sara Routley, Tina Pedro-Gomes, Lorrin Pang
Routine dental screening surveys of third graders have proven to be a useful tool to monitor the dental health of a community, especially those of highest risk. In 2010 the PEW Charitable Trust (PEW) conducted state-by-state oral hygiene assessments, giving Hawai'i a poor grade, with routine dental surveys of children one of several criteria not met. The Maui Oral Health Task Force piloted its own survey for the island of Maui to assess the challenges in implementing a dental screening and to gain an understanding as to how obstacles might be addressed...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920314/medicaid-meets-its-equal-access-requirement-for-dental-care-but-oral-health-disparities-remain
#3
Jaffer A Shariff, Burton L Edelstein
Most US children today have public or private dental health insurance, yet oral health among publicly insured children remains a policy concern. We analyzed data for 2011-12 from the National Survey of Children's Health to compare oral health status and the use of dental care among publicly and privately insured children. After we adjusted for demographic and parent characteristics, we found no differences between the two groups in parent-reported use of dental care or unmet need for dental care. However, compared to parents of privately insured children, parents of publicly insured children were less likely to report that the condition of their child's teeth was excellent or very good and more likely to report that the child had had a dental problem in the past twelve months...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920307/expanding-where-dental-therapists-can-practice-could-increase-americans-access-to-cost-efficient-care
#4
Jane Koppelman, Kelly Vitzthum, Lisa Simon
Since 1923, more than fifty countries have improved access to dental care by allowing midlevel providers-frequently called dental therapists-to offer preventive and restorative treatment, primarily in the public sector. A growing body of research has found that dental therapists provide high-quality, cost-effective care and improve access to care for underserved populations. This article explores the evolution of the dental therapy movement in the United States, where multiple barriers to oral health care have created persistent unmet needs...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905673/single-versus-multiple-visits-for-endodontic-treatment-of-permanent-teeth
#5
REVIEW
Maddalena Manfredi, Lara Figini, Massimo Gagliani, Giovanni Lodi
BACKGROUND: Root canal treatment (RoCT), or endodontic treatment, is a common procedure in dentistry. The main indications for RoCT are irreversible pulpitis and necrosis of the dental pulp caused by carious processes, tooth cracks or chips, or dental trauma. Successful RoCT is characterised by an absence of symptoms (i.e. pain) and clinical signs (i.e. swelling and sinus tract) in teeth without radiographic evidence of periodontal involvement (i.e. normal periodontal ligament). The success of RoCT depends on a number of variables related to the preoperative condition of the tooth, as well as the endodontic procedures...
December 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904519/mind-conduct-disorders-in-children-with-poor-oral-hygiene-habits-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-with-excessive-tooth-decay
#6
Onur Burak Dursun, Fatih Şengül, İbrahim Selçuk Esin, Tevfik Demirci, Nermin Yücel, Mehmet Melih Ömezli
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and poor oral hygiene are among the major childhood public health problems. Although dental research frequently refers to the link between these conditions and behavioural issues, little attention has been paid to understanding the reason for oral health problems from a psychiatric point of view. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between poor oral health and hygiene and parental attitudes towards child rearing, parents' and children's oral hygiene behaviours, and childhood psychiatric disorders...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902919/geographic-distribution-of-point-in-time-access-to-subsidised-dental-services-in-western-australia
#7
Yevgeni Dudko, Estie Kruger, Marc Tennant
Dental Health Services (DHS) is the largest public primary oral healthcare provider in WA. The objective of this study was to calculate probable distance patients are expected to travel to the nearest clinic, gauge utilisation rates and predict the direction of likely changes in future demand for subsidised dental care. Eligible population data was collected from the Department of Human Services and the Australian Bureau of Statistics websites and integrated with the waiting list and the recall list data provided by the DHS...
December 1, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892627/withdrawn-pulp-management-for-caries-in-adults-maintaining-pulp-vitality
#8
REVIEW
Hiroshi Miyashita, Helen V Worthington, Alison Qualtrough, Alphons Plasschaert
BACKGROUND: There is a range of treatment options for the management of the pulp in extensively decayed teeth. These include direct and indirect pulp capping, pulpotomy or pulpectomy. If the tooth is symptomatic or if there are periapical bone changes, then endodontic treatment is required. However, if the tooth is asymptomatic but the caries is extensive, there is no consensus as to the best method of management. In addition, there has been a recent move towards using alternative materials and methods such as the direct or indirect placement of bonding agents and mineral trioxide aggregate...
November 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891470/determinants-of-smokeless-tobacco-consumption-and-its-cessation-among-its-current-users-in-india
#9
Almas Binnal, G Rajesh, Junaid Ahmed, Ceena Denny
INTRODUCTION: Global Smokeless Tobacco (SLT) consumption is on the rise and constitutes a major Public Health problem. Controlling SLT intake is central to containing the increasing tobacco menace. AIM: The present study was undertaken to comprehensively explore various factors involved in SLT consumption and its cessation among current SLT users. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Present study was conducted among current SLT users visiting Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences (MCODS), Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891303/constructing-public-health-policies-in-post-crisis-countries-lessons-to-learn-from-the-associations-between-free-sugars-consumption-and-diabetes-obesity-and-dental-caries-before-during-and-after-sanctions-in-iraq
#10
E Joury, R Al-Kaabi, Anwar R Tappuni
BACKGROUND: This article aims to provide evidence for an informed public health policy on free-sugar consumption in post-crisis countries. METHODS: Iraq was selected as a case study. A systematic search for published data on the prevalence/incidence of type-2 diabetes, overweight/obesity, dental caries and free-sugar consumption levels in Iraq was conducted using MEDLINE, the Iraqi Academic Scientific journals and relevant international organisations' websites. Comparable data before (1980-1990), during (1991-2002) and after (2003-2015) the United Nations sanctions (UNS) were included...
2016: Zeitschrift Für Gesundheitswissenschaften, Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889606/re-interventions-after-restoring-teeth-mining-an-insurance-database
#11
Michael Raedel, Andrea Hartmann, Heinz-Werner Priess, Steffen Bohm, Stefanie Samietz, Ioannis Konstantinidis, Michael H Walter
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine re-interventions after restorative treatment. METHODS: The data was collected from the digital database of a major German national health insurance company. Only permanent teeth were observed. Placing a permanent restoration other than a crown regardless of involved surfaces and material was the study intervention. The data did not allow for a differentiation between fillings and inlays that were estimated only a very small portion of the restorations...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875708/does-restriction-of-public-health-care-dental-benefits-affect-the-volume-severity-or-cost-of-dental-related-hospital-visits
#12
David Salomon, R Eric Heidel, Antonia Kolokythas, Michael Miloro, Thomas Schlieve
PURPOSE: On July 1, 2012, the Illinois legislature passed the Save Medicaid Access and Resources Together (SMART) Act, which restricts adult public dental insurance coverage to emergency-only treatment. The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of this restriction on the volume, severity, and treatment costs of odontogenic infections in an urban hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients presenting for odontogenic pain or infection at the University of Illinois Hospital was performed...
October 29, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872550/waterpipe-smoking-among-health-sciences-university-students-knowledge-attitude-and-patterns-of-use
#13
K H Awan, A Alrshedan, M Al Kahtani, S Patil
INTRODUCTION: Although waterpipe smoking is common in Gulf counties, its prevalence in Saudi Arabia is uncertain. The purposes of this study were (a) to assess the prevalence of waterpipe smoking among healthcare university students in Saudi Arabia and (b) to determine their attitudes and practices of waterpipe smoking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among university students of three different health sciences colleges, namely medical, dental, and pharmacy, of a public university, through random cluster sampling...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870721/differences-in-health-care-needs-health-care-utilization-and-health-care-outcomes-among-children-with-special-health-care-needs-in-ohio-a-comparative-analysis-between-medicaid-and-private-insurance
#14
Madhurima Sarkar, Elizabeth R Earley, Lindsey Asti, Deena J Chisolm
OBJECTIVE: This study explores comparative differentials in health care needs, health care utilization, and health status between Medicaid and private/employer-sponsored insurance (ESI) among a statewide population of children with special health care needs (CSHCN) in Ohio. METHODS: We used data from the 2012 Ohio Medicaid Assessment Survey to examine CSHCN's health care needs, utilization, status, and health outcomes by insurance type. Adjusted multivariable logistic regression models were used to explore associations between public and private health insurance, as well as the utilization and health outcome variables...
January 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861968/compliance-of-post-radiation-therapy-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-with-caries-preventive-protocols
#15
Agnieszka M Frydrych, Linda M Slack-Smith, Richard Parsons
BACKGROUND: Caries prevention is paramount in safeguarding the life quality of head and neck cancer patients and is dependent on patient compliance with caries preventive protocols. The purpose of this study was to examine this compliance. METHODS: All records of patients referred to one public oral medicine clinic servicing a head and neck oncology unit of one major Western Australian hospital, between January 2005 and December 2011 were examined. Data extracted included patient and cancer characteristics and compliance with dietary advice, dental care, oral hygiene instruction and fluoride use over a follow-up period of at least 12 months...
November 18, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861917/saskatchewan-s-school-based-dental-program-staffed-by-dental-therapists-a-retrospective-case-study
#16
Kavita R Mathu-Muju, Jay W Friedman, David A Nash
OBJECTIVES: The poor oral health of Saskatchewan's children, in concert with a significant shortage of dentists, prompted the province in the early 1970s to seek an alternative method of addressing the oral health care needs of children. The result was the Saskatchewan Health Dental Plan (SHDP), which trained and employed dental therapists in school-based clinics to provide basic dental care to all children. The program was initiated over the opposition of Saskatchewan's dentists. The purpose of this research was to provide information and data previously not documented in the refereed dental literature regarding the only school-based program staffed by dental therapists to ever exist in North America...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860378/workplace-health-in-dental-care-a-salutogenic-approach
#17
U Lindmark, P Wagman, C Wåhlin, B Rolander
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to explore self-reported psychosocial health and work environments among different dental occupations and workplaces from a salutogenic perspective. A further purpose was to analyse possible associations between three salutogenic measurements: The Sense of Coherence questionnaire (SOC), the Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) and the Work Experience Measurement Scale (WEMS). METHODS: Employees in the Public Dental Service in a Swedish county council (n = 486) were invited to respond to a self-reported web survey including demographics, work-related factors, the SOC, the SHIS and the WEMS...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857763/prevalence-of-malocclusion-among-iranian-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Maryam Akbari, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Behnam Honarvar, Reza Tabrizi, Hossein Mirhadi, Mahmood Moosazadeh
BACKGROUND: The high prevalence of malocclusion is a public health problem in the world and the third priority in oral care. Numerous primary studies have presented reports on the prevalence of malocclusion among Iranian children. In combination, the results of these studies using meta-analysis are highly valuable for health policy-making. Similarly, this study aimed at determining the prevalence of different types of malocclusion among Iranian children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using relevant keywords, national and international databases were explored...
September 2016: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855840/a-school-based-lay-workforce-model-reduced-dental-caries-incidence-in-children
#19
Tamanna Tiwari
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Nationwide 2.5-year school-based public health intervention program designed to reduce the incidence of caries in children of Grenada. Wolff MS, Hill R, Wilson-Genderson M, Hirsch S, Dasanayake AP. Caries Res 2016; 50(Suppl 1):68-77. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Colgate-Palmolive, Henry Schein Cares, GC America, Columbia Dentoform, and the Grenada Ministries of Health and Education TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Longitudinal survey.
September 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847016/low-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-among-tuberculosis-patients-in-duhok-province-kurdistan-are-hbsag-and-anti-hcv-prerequisite-screening-parameters-in-tuberculosis-control-program
#20
Muayad A Merza, Safer M Haji, Abid Mohialdeen Hasan Alsharafani, Shivan U Muhammed
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Viral hepatitis, particularly hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), infections and tuberculosis (TB) are a global public health concern. Co-infection with HBV or HCV among TB patients may potentiate the risk of hepatotoxicity induced by anti-TB drugs. Hence, the aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of HBV and HCV among TB patients included in the Duhok National Tuberculosis Program (NTP). METHODS: The Duhok NTP Center is a specialized institution in Duhok City, Iraq, concerned with management and follow-up of TB patients...
September 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
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