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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464705/variations-in-australian-dental-therapy-practice-by-practitioner-and-workplace-characteristics
#1
Dana N Teusner, Julie Satur, Suzanne P Gardner, Najith Amarasena, David S Brennan
INTRODUCTION: Understanding dental therapy practice across clinical settings is useful for education and service planning. This study assessed if dental therapy service provision varied according to practitioner and workplace characteristics. METHODS: Members of professional associations representing dental therapists (DT) and oral health therapists (OHT) were posted a self-complete survey collecting practitioner and workplace characteristics, together with clinical activity on a self-selected typical day of practice...
February 21, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463334/the-role-of-oral-health-in-complex-emergencies-and-disaster-rehabilitation-medicine
#2
Vishal R Aggarwal
This paper presents an overview of the importance of oral health in complex emergencies. It highlights the importance of maintaining general and oral health in the acute, intermediate and long-term phases of such events which are increasing in frequency. The importance of oral health as an early warning sign for systemic disease and deprivation is also explored along with the crucial role of oral health in maintaining quality of life through adequate nutrition and speech. The overview of oral health in these situations identifies the need for training dental personnel as members of rehabilitation teams that set out to manage these disasters...
February 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460533/colonization-of-legionella-spp-in-dental-unit-waterlines
#3
F Carinci, L Scapoli, M Contaldo, R Santoro, A Palmieri, F Pezzetti, D Lauritano, V Candotto, D Mucchi, L Baggi, A Tagliabue, L Tettamanti
Legionella spp. are ubiquitous in aquatic habitats and water distribution systems, including dental unit waterlines. Surveys have shown that the percentage of samples taken at different dental sites that were positive for Legionella spp. were highly variable and ranged from 0% to 100%. Cultivation is the principal approach to evaluating bacterial contamination employed in the past, but applying this approach to testing for Legionella spp. may result in false-negative data or underestimated bacterial counts...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459907/impact-of-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-and-bone-disorder-on-jaw-and-alveolar-bone-metabolism-a-narrative-review
#4
Tatjana Kanjevac, Borivoj Bijelic, Denis Brajkovic, Miroslav Vasovic, Radojica Stolic
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become a worldwide public health problem. It is estimated that nearly 90% of patients with chronic renal failure manifest some symptoms of oral disease. With advances in medical treatment, CKD patients are living longer and require oral care. Chronic kidney disease is often accompanied by disturbances in mineral metabolism which are classified as their own clinical entity known as CKD-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD). CKD-MBD affects all aspects of bone physiology: bone volume, bone turnover and bone mineralization...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454461/fluoridation-advocacy-in-referenda-where-media-coverage-is-balanced-yet-biased
#5
John A Curiel, Anne E Sanders, Thu-Mai L Christian, Sophia Lafferty-Hess, Thomas M Carsey, Lewis N Lampiris, Gary D Slade
BACKGROUND: Despite supporting scientific evidence, community water fluoridation (CWF) often fails in public referenda. To understand why, the authors quantitatively analyzed text from news media coverage of CWF referenda. METHODS: The authors analyzed text from 234 articles covering 11 CWF referenda conducted in 3 US cities from 1956 through 2013. The authors used cluster analysis to identify each article's core rhetoric and classified it according to sentiment and tone...
February 14, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448934/from-theoretical-concepts-to-policies-and-applied-programmes-the-landscape-of-integration-of-oral-health-in-primary-care
#6
Hermina Harnagea, Lise Lamothe, Yves Couturier, Shahrokh Esfandiari, René Voyer, Anne Charbonneau, Elham Emami
BACKGROUND: Despite its importance, the integration of oral health into primary care is still an emerging practice in the field of health care services. This scoping review aims to map the literature and provide a summary on the conceptual frameworks, policies and programs related to this concept. METHODS: Using the Levac et al. six-stage framework, we performed a systematic search of electronic databases, organizational websites and grey literature from 1978 to April 2016...
February 15, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442095/assessment-of-malocclusion-status-dentition-status-and-treatment-needs-among-15-year-old-school-children-of-mangalore
#7
Roshan Shetty, Vijaya Hegde, Pooja J Shetty
Background and Objectives: Dental caries and malocclusion are common dental public health problems. Surveys provide us with an insight into the oral health status and treatment needs and also help in proper treatment planning. Hence, the objective of this study was to assess the malocclusion status, dentition status, and treatment needs of 15-year-old school children of Mangalore. Methodology: A cross-sectional study of 1001 school children aged 15-year-old was conducted in Mangalore...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441446/relationship-between-declarations-of-conflict-of-interests-and-reporting-positive-outcomes-in-iranian-dental-journals
#8
Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour, Sepehr Pourmonajemzadeh, Shahrzad Zoghitavana, Nader Navabi
Conflict of interests is a situation when someone is in need of other people's trust on one the hand and has personal or general interests on the other hand, resulting in conflict with the given responsibility. In this research work, an attempt was made to find the relation between declarations of conflict of interests and reporting positive outcomes in the dental journals in Iran (2000-2016). In this analytical/cross-sectional study, first Health and Biomedical Information was searched and all the Persian and English dental journals published in Iran were collected...
February 13, 2018: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440959/assessment-of-orthodontic-treatment-need-among-tribal-children-of-indore-division-central-india
#9
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Astha Chauhan, Srinivasa Gowda, Rutuja Ambekar, Bhupendra S Rathore, Sakshi Chabra, Afsheen Lalani, Harsh Harani
Introduction: India is home to many tribes which have an interesting and varied history of origins, customs and social practices. Oral health care in tribal areas is limited due to shortage of dental manpower, financial constraints and the lack of perceived need for dental care among tribal masses. Objective: To assess orthodontic treatment need among tribal children of Indore division, Central India. Methods: A cross-sectional house to house survey was carried out among 800 tribal children aged 5 to 15 years old in two major tribal districts of Indore division...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430087/clinical-evaluation-of-flowable-resin-composite-versus-conventional-resin-composite-in-carious-and-noncarious-lesions-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Omar Osama Shaalan, Eman Abou-Auf, Amira Farid El Zoghby
The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate clinical performance of flowable composite in carious and noncarious lesions. An electronic search was conducted using specific databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and LILACS) through March 2017. Clinical trials for restoration of carious and noncarious lesions were included with no date restrictions; follow-up was 6 months at least and dental restorations were evaluated using the United States Public Health Service criteria. The systematic search generated 908 papers, of which 35 papers were included for full-text review...
November 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417003/neglected-health-literacy-undermining-fluorosis-control-efforts-a-pilot-study-among-schoolchildren-in-an-endemic-village-of-rural-rajasthan-india
#11
Neeti Rustagi, Ajey Singh Rathore, Jitendra Kumar Meena, Ankita Chugh, Ranabir Pal
Background: Ingestion of excess fluoride can cause fluorosis which adversely affects teeth and bones. Fluorosis is a major public health problem in the state of Rajasthan with all its 32 districts having variable fluoride contamination, and many initiatives are currently implemented in this region to mitigate the fluorosis burden. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess fluorosis, its risk factors, and the awareness among school students and teachers in endemic villages of Jodhpur district, Rajasthan...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412407/oral-health-outcomes-the-association-of-clinical-and-socio-dental-indicators-to-evaluate-dental-caries-in-preschool-children
#12
Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes, Giulia Ornellas, Renato Silva Fraga, Leonardo Santos Antunes
Dental caries is a public health problem that impacts oral health related to quality of life (OHRQoL). This study aimed to evaluate the outcome of dental caries in children by associating clinical and socio-dental indicators. A cross-sectional study was carried out with 2 to 6-year-old children who attended public day care centers in a city in the Southeast Region of Brazil. After sample calculation, 446 children were randomly selected by eligibility criteria. Two professionals evaluated dental caries using WHO (2013) criteria and classified subjects according to early childhood caries (ECC) severity...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402871/oral-health-and-brain-injury-causal-or-casual-relation
#13
Rajath Sasidharan Pillai, Kiran Iyer, Rubens Spin-Neto, Simple Futarmal Kothari, Jørgen Feldbæk Nielsen, Mohit Kothari
BACKGROUND: To systematically review the current literature investigating the association between oral health and acquired brain injury. METHODS: A structured search strategy was applied to PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and CENTRAL electronic databases until March 2017 by 2 independent reviewers. The preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis guidelines were used for systematic review. RESULTS: Even though the objective was to assess the association between oral health and acquired brain injury, eligible studies focused solely on different forms of stroke and stroke subtypes...
January 9, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402113/-state-school-polyclinic-in-petrinja-1925-1945
#14
Boris Vrga, Tatjana Vrga
What has been researched and reconstructed, based on archival documents and data from professional literature, is the activity of the State school-polyclinic in Petrinja, from its foundation in 1925 to its termination in 1945. Key figures taking part in its activity have also been highlighted. Founded as one of the first school-polyclinics in Croatia, the State school-polyclinic in Petrinja developed complete preventive and curative health activities aimed at school population in Petrinja as well as at pupils from the village schools in Petrinja County...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397871/outbreak-of-bacterial-endocarditis-associated-with-an-oral-surgery-practice-new-jersey-public-health-surveillance-2013-to-2014
#15
Kathleen M Ross, Jason S Mehr, Rebecca D Greeley, Lindsay A Montoya, Prathit A Kulkarni, Sonya Frontin, Trevor J Weigle, Helen Giles, Barbara E Montana
BACKGROUND: In October 2014, the New Jersey Department of Health received reports of 3 patients who developed Enterococcus faecalis endocarditis after undergoing surgical procedures at the same oral surgery practice in New Jersey. Bacterial endocarditis is an uncommon but life-threatening condition; 3 patients with enterococcal endocarditis associated with a single oral surgery practice is unusual. An investigation was initiated because of the potential ongoing public health risk. METHODS: Public health officials conducted retrospective surveillance to identify additional patients with endocarditis associated with the practice...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396763/dose-dependent-effect-of-fluoride-on-clinical-and-subclinical-indices-of-fluorosis-in-school-going-children-and-its-mitigation-by-supply-of-safe-drinking-water-for-5%C3%A2-years-an-indian-study
#16
Arjun L Khandare, Vakdevi Validandi, Shankar Rao Gourineni, Viswanathan Gopalan, Balakrishna Nagalla
Fluorosis is a public health problem in India; to know its prevalence and severity along with its mitigation measures is very important. The present study has been undertaken with the aim to assess the F dose-dependent clinical and subclinical symptoms of fluorosis and reversal of the disease by providing safe drinking water. For this purpose, a cross-sectional study was undertaken in 1934 schoolgoing children, Nalgonda district. Study villages were categorized into control (category I, F = 0.87 mg/L), affected (category II, F = 2...
February 2, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393149/redefining-the-phenotype-of-dental-caries
#17
Megan Weber, Jenny Bogstad Søvik, Aida Mulic, Kathleen Deeley, Anne B Tveit, Jessalyn Forella, Nicholas Shirey, Alexandre R Vieira
Dental caries is a multifactorial infectious disease and a major public health problem estimated to affect 60-90% of school children as well as a vast number of adults. The aim of this work was to define patterns of progression of the disease based on longitudinal data in contrast to using a cross-sectional assessment. dmft/DMFT scores were collected at ages 5, 12, 14, 16, 17, and 18 from 876 individuals. We tested our newly defined phenotypes for association with genetic variants in genes shown to be associated with caries...
January 25, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392328/relationship-between-parents-occupational-characteristics-and-untreated-dental-caries-in-offspring-a-population-based-study-of-data-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2015
#18
Sung-Shil Lim, Byurira Kim, Jin-Ha Yoon, Je Seon Song, Eun-Cheol Park, Sung-In Jang
Objectives We investigated the association between parents' occupational characteristics and untreated dental caries in their children. Methods We analyzed the data of 4764 and 5862 children merged with data of their mothers and fathers, respectively, derived from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2008-2015. Dentists assessed untreated dental caries, and occupational characteristics were self-reported. The associations between untreated dental caries in children and their parents' occupational characteristics were assessed with logistic regression analysis...
February 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388791/the-controlled-palatal-harvest-cph-technique-for-harvesting-a-palatal-subepithelial-connective-tissue-graft
#19
Lola Giusti, Jamie Jenkins, Mitchell A Goodis, Carsen Bentley, Christine E Miller, Alexander Faigen
The use of methamphetamines is a significant public health concern not only in America but worldwide. The consequences of this drug's use are widespread, having major physiologic and psychological effects that are damaging to users' bodies and well-being. Meth use wreaks havoc on one's oral health, with the effects including demineralization of tooth surfaces, carious lesions, inflammation of the periodontium, and more. In addition to examining the neurotoxic effects that methamphetamines have on the brain, this article will discuss how dental professionals can approach treatment of individuals who are affected by this debilitating drug, utilizing a strategy that combines caries arrest with oral hygiene improvement and disease prevention...
February 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388241/oral-health-of-the-latin-american-elders-what-we-know-and-what-we-should-do-position-paper-of-the-latin-american-oral-geriatric-group-of-the-international-association-for-dental-research
#20
REVIEW
Soraya León, Renato J De Marchi, Luisa H Tôrres, Fernando N Hugo, Iris Espinoza, Rodrigo A Giacaman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to gather information and discuss oral health status of older people in the Latin American and Caribbean region (LAC). BACKGROUND: Scarce data are available to portrait the oral situation of older people in the region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This review paper is the result of a meeting of the IADR's Latin American Geriatric Oral Research Group held in Porto Alegre, Brazil, in November of 2016, part of the activities of an IADR Regional Development Programme (RDP)...
February 1, 2018: Gerodontology
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