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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710202/a-motivational-interview-intervention-delivered-at-home-to-improve-the-oral-health-literacy-and-reduce-the-morbidity-of-chilean-disadvantaged-families-a-study-protocol-for-a-community-trial
#1
Ricardo Cartes-Velasquez, Carlos Araya, Raúl Flores, Luis Luengo, Francisca Castillo, Alex Bustos
INTRODUCTION: Oral health education/promotion interventions have been identified as cost-efficient tools to improve the oral health of the population. These interventions are regularly made in contexts where the target population is captive, for example, in health centres. In Chile, there are no oral health interventions delivered at home. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This community trial covers two disadvantaged urban areas in the province of Concepción. Both sectors have public preschool education coverage with a traditional programme (TP) to promote oral health...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708273/pediatric-obesity-related-curricular-content-and-training-in-dental-schools-and-dental-hygiene-programs-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#2
Kimon Divaris, Vaishnavi Bhaskar, Kathleen A McGraw
OBJECTIVES: The authors conducted a systematic review to determine: a) What dental schools and dental hygiene programs are doing to promote knowledge and skills related to addressing childhood obesity and to reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and b) What else these schools and programs could do to better equip future oral health professionals to address childhood obesity and reduce consumption of SSBs. METHODS: The authors searched PubMed, Scopus, Education Full Text (EBSCOHost), and ERIC (EBSCOHost) to identify peer-reviewed publications reporting on obesity or dietetic-related curricula in dental and dental hygiene education within the last 20 years...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703082/dental-injuries-in-younger-emergency-department-patients
#3
Vigil James, Yona R Vandersluis, Evangeline W J Zhang, Dennis Scolnik
BACKGROUND: Dental trauma is a relatively common occurrence in childhood, with an impact exceeding that of periodontal diseases. It places a significant burden on the public health system because of its high frequency, impact on quality of life and consumption of resources. OBJECTIVES: To identify changing trends of dental injury in patients between 0-18 years of age in Canada and provide a detailed assessment of dental injury patterns in patients attending a large pediatric tertiary care hospital...
July 13, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685149/factors-associated-with-dental-pain-in-mexican-schoolchildren-aged-6-to-12-years
#4
Mauricio Escoffié-Ramirez, Leticia Ávila-Burgos, Elena Saraí Baena-Santillan, Fernando Aguilar-Ayala, Edith Lara-Carrillo, Mirna Minaya-Sánchez, Martha Mendoza-Rodríguez, María de Lourdes Márquez-Corona, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís
OBJECTIVE: To identify dental pain prevalence and associated factors in Mexican schoolchildren. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1,404 schoolchildren aged 6 to 12 years from public schools in the city of Pachuca de Soto, Hidalgo, Mexico. Data were collected through a questionnaire that addressed sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors, eating and dental hygiene habits, and behavior variables. The dependent variable was self-reported dental pain in the 12 months prior to the survey...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682280/oral-health-considerations-in-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa-1-symptomatology-and-diagnosis
#5
Mohamed A Bassiouny
Eating disorders have captured the attention of medical and dental professionals as well as the public for decades and continue to raise concern today. The literature devoted to anorexia and bulimia highlights myriad psychological, systemic, and dental health complications. Dental practitioners are in a unique position to discover early manifestations of these disorders. The present article reviews anorexia and bulimia, summarizing telltale behavioral traits, systemic manifestations, and dental features to facilitate recognition and enable accurate diagnosis...
July 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676047/a-longitudinal-study-of-early-childhood-caries-incidence-in-wenzhou-preschool-children
#6
Xiping Wang, Zhiyuan Wei, Qiao Li, Liqin Mei
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a serious public health problem in China. Few studies, however, have described the incidence of ECC in China. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and incidence of ECC among preschool children in Wenzhou China. METHODS: Preschool children aged 3-4 years old were surveyed and followed up when they reached 5-6 years of age in the city of Wenzhou in southeast China. The rates of dental caries were determined with prevalence, and incidence density for risk of caries of a person (IDp) and of a tooth surface (IDs)...
July 4, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666472/policy-entrepreneurship-in-the-reform-of-pediatric-dentistry
#7
Burton L Edelstein, William R Maas
In a recently published IJHPR article, Cohen and Horev ask whether an individual who holds rightful governmental power is able to effectively "challenge the equilibrium" in ways that might "clash with the goals" of an influential group". This question is raised within the context of a shift in governmental policy that imposed the potential for cost management by HMOs acting as financial intermediaries for pediatric dental care in an effort to provide Israeli children better access to affordable dental care...
June 30, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662685/policy-entrepreneurship-and-policy-networks-in-healthcare-systems-the-case-of-israel-s-pediatric-dentistry-reform
#8
Nissim Cohen, Tuvia Horev
BACKGROUND: Can the entry of a policy entrepreneur challenge the equilibrium of a policy network and promote changes that might clash with the goals of powerful civil-servants and/or interest groups and, if so, why and how? Our goal is to examine two sides of the same coin: how does an in-depth analysis of Israel's dental care reform enrich our understanding of policy networks and policy entrepreneurship? Second, how does the literature on policy networks and policy entrepreneurship help us understand this reform? Based on a theoretical framework that appears in the literature of policy entrepreneurship and policy networks, we analyze the motivations, goals and strategies of the main actors involved in the process of reforming pediatric dental care in Israel...
April 21, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661817/dental-related-use-of-hospital-emergency-departments-by-hispanics-and-non-hispanics-in-florida
#9
Claudia A Serna, Oscar Arevalo, Scott L Tomar
OBJECTIVES: To examine differences between Hispanics and non-Hispanics in Florida in the dental-related use of hospital emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: We used ambulatory ED discharge records from 2013 to 2015 to compute rates of ED visits for dental complaints per 10 000 population, by region, age, gender, and the percentage distribution visits by primary payer, day of the week, and hour of arrival. RESULTS: There were 64 100 ED visits for dental complaints by Hispanics and 425 162 by non-Hispanics...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661816/effect-of-outreach-messages-on-medicaid-enrollment
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jeffrey K Hom, Christian Stillson, Roy Rosin, Rachel Cahill, Evelyne Kruger, David Grande
OBJECTIVES: To measure the impact of different outreach messages on health insurance enrollment among Medicaid-eligible adults. METHODS: Between March 2015 and April 2016, we conducted a series of experiments using mail-based outreach that encouraged individuals to enroll in Pennsylvania's expanded Medicaid program. Recipients were randomized to receive 1 of 4 different messages describing the benefits of health insurance. The primary outcome was the response rate to each letter...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661813/a-workforce-strategy-for-reducing-oral-health-disparities-dental-therapists
#11
Jane Koppelman, Rebecca Singer-Cohen
This article seeks to chronicle how dental therapists are being used to bolster the supply of providers for the underserved and explore their potential to diversify the field of dentistry and improve public health. Of the factors that contribute to persistent oral health disparities in the United States, an insufficient oral health workforce figures prominently. A growing number of states are authorizing a midlevel dental provider (often called a dental therapist) to address this problem. Dental therapists work under the supervision of dentists to deliver routine preventive and restorative care, including preparing and filling cavities and performing extractions...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661808/using-registered-dental-hygienists-to-promote-a-school-based-approach-to-dental-public-health
#12
Melanie Simmer-Beck, Anthony Wellever, Patricia Kelly
We examine a strategy for improving oral health in the United States by focusing on low-income children in school-based settings. Vulnerable children often experience cultural, social, economic, structural, and geographic barriers when trying to access dental services in traditional dental office settings. These disparities have been discussed for more than a decade in multiple US Department of Health and Human Services publications. One solution is to revise dental practice acts to allow registered dental hygienists increased scope of services, expanded public health delivery opportunities, and decreased dentist supervision...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661807/indian-country-leads-national-movement-to-knock-down-barriers-to-oral-health-equity
#13
Brian Speepots Cladoosby
Tribal and other underserved communities are struggling under the weight of devastating oral health disparities. Tribes as sovereign nations are searching for innovative solutions to address their unique barriers to oral health care. Dental therapists are primary oral health providers who work as part of the dental team to provide a limited scope of services to patients. They were first brought to tribal communities by the Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium. Despite strong opposition from the American Dental Association aimed at protecting its monopoly on oral health care, dental therapists are sweeping the nation...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661300/maximizing-community-voices-to-address-health-inequities-how-the-law-hinders-and-helps
#14
Julie Ralston Aoki, Christina Peters, Laura Platero, Carter Headrick
This paper highlights the need to apply an equity lens when assessing the impact of preemption and related legal doctrines on community health. Community autonomy to set and pursue public health priorities is an essential part of achieving health equity. Unfortunately, the priorities of organized industry interest groups often conflict with health equity goals. These groups have a history of successfully using law to limit community autonomy to pursue public health measures, most notably through preemption and related legal doctrines...
March 2017: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655504/early-life-factors-and-dental-caries-in-5-year-old-children-in-china
#15
Xiangyu Sun, Eduardo Bernabé, Xuenan Liu, Jennifer E Gallagher, Shuguo Zheng
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the association between early life factors and dental caries among 5-year-old Chinese children. METHODS: Data from 9,722 preschool children who participated in the third National Oral Health Survey of China were analysed. Information on early life (birth weight, breastfeeding and age when toothbrushing started), child (sex, ethnicity, birth order and dental behaviours) and family factors (parental education, household income, place of residence, number of children in the family, respondent's age and relation to the child) were obtained from parental questionnaires...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648551/science-politics-and-communication-the-case-of-community-water-fluoridation-in-the-us
#16
Myron Allukian, Olivia D Carter-Pokras, Barbara F Gooch, Alice M Horowitz, Hiroko Iida, Matt Jacob, Dushanka V Kleinman, Jayanth Kumar, William R Maas, Howard Pollick, R Gary Rozier
Community water fluoridation (CWF) and its effect in reducing the burden of dental caries (tooth decay) is considered one of the 10 public health achievements in the 20th century. In the U.S., three-quarters (74.4%) of people on community water supplies have optimally fluoridated water, and each year approximately 90 communities actively consider starting or discontinuing CWF. CWF exists within the policy environment and includes actions taken by local community councils, health and water boards, and groups; state legislatures and health departments; national regulatory and science agencies; independent science entities; and professional and nonprofit organizations...
May 29, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644432/dental-implant-treatment-for-renal-failure-patients-on-dialysis-a-clinical-guideline
#17
REVIEW
Quan Yuan, Qiu-Chan Xiong, Megha Gupta, Rosa María López-Pintor, Xiao-Lei Chen, Dutmanee Seriwatanachai, Michael Densmore, Yi Man, Ping Gong
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem that is growing in prevalence and is associated with severe complications. During the progression of the disease, a majority of CKD patients suffer oral complications. Dental implants are currently the most reliable and successful treatment for missing teeth. However, due to complications of CKD such as infections, bone lesions, bleeding risks, and altered drug metabolism, dental implant treatment for renal failure patients on dialysis is more challenging...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642559/little-evidence-to-support-or-refute-interventions-for-the-management-of-burning-mouth-syndrome
#18
Debra K Fischoff, Silvia Spivakovsky
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health's Trials Register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline Ovid, Embase Ovid, US National Institutes of Health Ongoing Trials Register (ClinicalTrials.gov) and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. Handsearch of the proceedings from the British Society for Oral Medicine (BSOM), British Society for Dental Research (BSDR) and the International Association for Dental Research (IADR).Study selectionAll included studies were randomised placebo controlled trials comparing a treatment to placebo with no language or year of publication restrictions...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642541/can-uk-undergraduate-dental-programmes-provide-training-in-non-surgical-facial-aesthetics
#19
T W M Walker, F Gately, S Stagnell, A Kerai, C Mills, S Thomas
Aim Recently, more and more dentists have found themselves engaging in the delivery of non-surgical facial aesthetics (NSFA) as part of their regular practice routine. NSFA is a growing field in aesthetic medicine that is practised by a range of clinicians including doctors, dentists and registered prescriber nurses and is an industry estimated to be worth over £3 billion in the UK alone. In the past few years, several public scandals in aesthetic medicine have prompted reactions by several bodies including the Government and Royal Colleges...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642506/learning-from-good-practice-a-review-of-current-oral-health-promotion-materials-for-parents-of-young-children
#20
K A Gray-Burrows, J Owen, P F Day
Objectives To examine the quality of UK-based oral health promotion materials (OHPM) for parents of young children aged 0-5 years old.Data sources OHPM were obtained via email request to dental public health consultants and oral health promotion teams in the UK, structured web-based searches or collected from oral health events.Data selection Materials were included if: they were freely available; they were in English; they were parent facing and included oral health advice aimed at children aged 0-5-years-old...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
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