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dental public health

Bengt Adèrn, Ava Minston, Eva Nohlert, Åke Tegelberg
OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to evaluate the prevalence of self-reported temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and acceptance or nonacceptance of such disorders in adult patients attending all public dental health services in the County of Sörmland, Sweden, during a 3-year period, 2011-2013. METHODS: Two questions were asked about TMD and the voluntary mouth-opening capacity was measured. The results were registered in a score 0-3. The registration was completed with a question about each patient's acceptance or nonacceptance of their condition...
June 22, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Francesca Soldani, Jianhua Wu
Data sourcesThe methodology followed the Cochrane Handbook for systematic reviews of interventions with MEDLINE/PubMed, CENTRAL, Embase and LILACS databases searched. Publication date was limited to 1995-2015 with no restriction on language.Study selectionTwo independent reviewers selected randomised controlled clinical trials involving oral health education provided by a dental care professional to children aged between five and 18 years old within a school setting. Eligible studies were those which had outcomes including caries, plaque accumulation, gingivitis, toothache or tooth loss...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Laura Koppen, Katie J Suda, Susan Rowan, Jessina McGregor, Charlesnika T Evans
BACKGROUND: Gaining a better understanding of dental prescribing can help identify opportunities for intervention regarding optimal medication use. The purpose of this study is to characterize opioid and antibiotic prescribing patterns of dentists in the United States for Medicare Part D beneficiaries. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of national 2014 Medicare Part D Prescriber Public Use File data. Providers in the data set with dental-related disciplines were included (n = 99,797)...
June 18, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Richard Hogan, Michaela Goodwin, Nicola Boothman, Timothy Iafolla, Iain A Pretty
Dental epidemiological research permits accurate tracking of the prevalence and distribution of oral disease across population groups, enabling planning and evaluation of public health interventions and healthcare service provision. This first section of this paper aimed to review traditional assessment methods in dental epidemiology and to consider the methodological and logistical benefits provided by digital imaging, both generally and specifically in relation to an established dual-camera system. The remainder of this paper describes the results of a semi-structured examination of an image archive from previous research utilising a dual-camera system, exploring whether the diagnostic yield of the images might be increased...
July 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Christopher R Vernazza, Katherine Carr, John Wildman, Joanne Gray, Richard D Holmes, Catherine Exley, Robert A Smith, Cam Donaldson
BACKGROUND: Resources in any healthcare systems are scarce relative to need and therefore choices need to be made which often involve difficult decisions about the best allocation of these resources. One pragmatic and robust tool to aid resource allocation is Programme Budgeting and Marginal Analysis (PBMA), but there is mixed evidence on its uptake and effectiveness. Furthermore, there is also no evidence on the incorporation of the preferences of a large and representative sample of the general public into such a process...
June 22, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
D-D-S Cavalcante, A-R Pinto-Quidute, M-R Alves-Martins, A-S Walter-de-Aguiar, A-M-P Lima-Cid, P-G-B Silva, R-F Cavalcante, F-W-G Costa
BACKGROUND: Sheehan's syndrome (SS) is one of the leading causes of hypopituitarism in developing countries. It occurs after postpartum necrosis of the pituitary gland, and it is considered a significant public health problem. This paper, apparently unpublished, aimed to perform an analysis on oral aspects in patients with SS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 23 women diagnosed with SS at the Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes (Walter Cantídio University Hospital, Fortaleza, Brazil)...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Shaik Mohamed Shamsudeen, R Shanmuga Priya, Govindarajan Sujatha, J Muruganandhan, K Manikandan
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotics are considered the most commonly sold drugs in developing countries. In India, these drugs are very much accessible without a prescription. This irrational and misuse of antibiotics results not only in the emergence of resistance of bacterial strains but also leads to adverse reactions. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of antibiotics usage among dental patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: This study was a cross-sectional design; a prevalidated structured questionnaire comprising 24 questions was used...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Laura A Zanella-Calzada, Carlos E Galván-Tejada, Nubia M Chávez-Lamas, Jesús Rivas-Gutierrez, Rafael Magallanes-Quintanar, Jose M Celaya-Padilla, Jorge I Galván-Tejada, Hamurabi Gamboa-Rosales
Oral health represents an essential component in the quality of life of people, being a determinant factor in general health since it may affect the risk of suffering other conditions, such as chronic diseases. Oral diseases have become one of the main public health problems, where dental caries is the condition that most affects oral health worldwide, occurring in about 90% of the global population. This condition has been considered a challenge because of its high prevalence, besides being a chronic but preventable disease which can be caused depending on the consumption of certain nutritional elements interacting simultaneously with different factors, such as socioeconomic factors...
June 18, 2018: Bioengineering
Jyothi Shashidhar, Shashidhar Chandrashekhar
Aims and Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the orthodontic treatment need in 11-14-year-old schoolchildren of Central Bengaluru, India, using the index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN) and to analyze the treatment needs between males and females and correlation between the esthetic to aesthetic (AC) and dental health component (DHC) of IOTN. Materials and Methods: The sample comprised 500 schoolchildren (187 females and 313 males) who had not undergone orthodontic treatment...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arunkumar Acharya, Tejaswi Sevekari, Sanaa Wadwan, Noopur Rajiv Joglekar, Shanthi Margabandhu
Aim and Objective: The women in sex work have no felt need for oral health and much of the stress has always been on sexually transmitted infections (STIs). There is a need for a baseline data for the oral lesions of these women to further assist in the policy formulations and training of personnel for the identification of the oral conditions which need treatment. The aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of oral lesions among female sex workers in the red light area of Pune, India...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Nallan C S K Chaitanya, P Karunakar, Neeharika Satya Jyothi Allam, M Hima Priya, B Alekhya, Shaguftha Nauseen
Background: Community water fluoridation is widely used worldwide and its role in preventive dental health care is well established. However, there is sufficient evidence of the ill effects of excessive fluoride content in water, causing skeletal and dental fluorosis. Alongside, there was also extraskeletal and dental manifestations of excessive fluorides reported. They include the effect on thyroid function, but the literature regarding this is sparse. Aim: The present systematic review aims to analyze the data from controlled studies about the effect of fluoride on thyroid function...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Anoop Mayya, Joana D'Souza, Ann Mary George, Kamalakanth Shenoy, Praveen Jodalli, Shreemathi S Mayya
Context: Implant-supported prosthesis improves the self-confidence and quality of life of the patient by giving them masticatory comfort and a high level of satisfaction. For any professional community, it is essential to know whether patients feel well informed and whether what they know reflects on the current advances in dental health care. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and awareness of dental implants as a treatment choice in patients visiting a dental college situated in Mangalore, Karnataka, India...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
G D Slade, W B Grider, W R Maas, A E Sanders
Fluoridation of America's drinking water was among the great public health achievements of the 20th century. Yet there is a paucity of studies from the past 3 decades investigating its dental health benefits in the U.S. POPULATION: This cross-sectional study sought to evaluate associations between availability of community water fluoridation (CWF) and dental caries experience in the U.S. child and adolescent population. County-level estimates of the percentage of population served by CWF (% CWF) from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Water Fluoridation Reporting System were merged with dental examination data from 10 y of National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (1999 to 2004 and 2011 to 2014)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Sônia Rodrigues Dutra, Henrique Pretti, Milene Torres Martins, Cristiane Baccin Bendo, Miriam Pimenta Vale
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to assess the impact of malocclusion on the quality of life of children aged 8 to 10 years attending public elementary schools in Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHODS: The Brazilian version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire 8-10 (CPQ8-10) was used to evaluate oral health-related quality of life. The children were examined for the diagnosis of malocclusion using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI)...
March 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Ellen A Gnaedinger
OBJECTIVES: The United States has a public health crisis of dental caries in children's primary teeth. Fifty-five percent of children have dental caries by age 8. The majority of these children are nonwhite and poor. Caries could be decreased by 40% if fluoride varnish (FV) application started with tooth eruption. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A four-month FV application QI project was implemented in a rural pediatric practice. The staff was trained by the Vermont Department of Health using the From the First Tooth protocol...
June 10, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Amal Elamin, Malin Garemo, Andrew Gardner
BACKGROUND: Dental caries are a global public health problem and influence the overall health of children. The risk factors for caries include biological, socio-behavioral and environmental factors. This cross-sectional study assessed dental caries and their associations with socioeconomic factors, oral hygiene practices and eating habits among Emirati and non-Emirati children in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: The stratified sample comprised children aged 18 months to 4 years recruited from 7 nurseries...
June 8, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Jenny Kallunki, Ola Sollenius, Liselotte Paulsson, Sofia Petrén, Lillemor Dimberg, Lars Bondemark
Objectives: To compare Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among 9-year-old children with excessive overjet (EO) to children with unilateral posterior crossbite (UPC) and children with normal occlusion (NO). Materials and methods: The study sample sourced from 19 Public Dental Service Clinics in Sweden. Reported are baseline data originating from two controlled trials, one regarding UPC and the other focusing on EO. The NO children derive from the same trials...
June 7, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
Julijana Nikolovska, Vesna Korunoska-Stevkovska, Aneta Mijoska, Lidija Popovska
BACKGROUND: Oral health care management among the elderly differs from the rest of the population, due to some specific physiological changes and general health status related to age. We know very little about the oral health in elderly in the Republic of Macedonia, because there are only a few articles published about dental health status and edentulism of this population. AIM: The study aimed to evaluate the prosthodontic status of older adults over 65 years in the Republic of Macedonia, about their socio-economic status and individual factors...
May 20, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
John P Morgan, Moses Isyagi, Joseph Ntaganira, Agnes Gatarayiha, Sarah E Pagni, Tamar C Roomian, Matthew Finkelman, Jane E M Steffensen, Jane R Barrow, Chrispinus H Mumena, Donna M Hackley
BACKGROUND: Oral health affects quality of life and is linked to overall health. Enhanced oral health research is needed in low- and middle-income countries to develop strategies that reduce the burden of oral disease, improve oral health and inform oral health workforce and infrastructure development decisions. OBJECTIVE: To implement the first National Oral Health Survey of Rwanda to assess the oral disease burden and inform oral health promotion strategies. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, sample size and site selection were based on the World Health Organization (WHO) Oral Health Surveys Pathfinder stratified cluster methodologies...
2018: Global Health Action
Violaine Smaïl-Faugeron, Anne-Marie Glenny, Frédéric Courson, Pierre Durieux, Michele Muller-Bolla, Helene Fron Chabouis
BACKGROUND: In children, dental caries (tooth decay) is among the most prevalent chronic diseases worldwide. Pulp interventions are indicated for extensive tooth decay. Depending on the severity of the disease, three pulp treatment techniques are available: direct pulp capping, pulpotomy and pulpectomy. After treatment, the cavity is filled with a medicament. Materials commonly used include mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), calcium hydroxide, formocresol or ferric sulphate.This is an update of a Cochrane Review published in 2014 when insufficient evidence was found to clearly identify one superior pulpotomy medicament and technique...
May 31, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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