Read by QxMD icon Read


Wioleta Chajęcka-Wierzchowska, Anna Zadernowska, Łucja Łaniewska-Trokenheim
The objective of the study was to answer the question of whether the ready-to-eat meat products can pose indirect hazard for consumer health serving as reservoir of Enterococcus strains harboring tetracyclines, aminoglycosides, and macrolides resistance genes. A total of 390 samples of ready-to-eat meat products were investigated. Enterococcus strains were found in 74.1% of the samples. A total of 302 strains were classified as: Enterococcus faecalis (48.7%), Enterococcus faecium (39.7%), Enterococcus casseliflavus (4...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Food Science
Gonglin Yuan, Zhou Sheng, Wenjie Liu
In this paper, the Hager and Zhang (HZ) conjugate gradient (CG) method and the modified HZ (MHZ) CG method are presented for large-scale nonsmooth convex minimization. Under some mild conditions, convergent results of the proposed methods are established. Numerical results show that the presented methods can be better efficiency for large-scale nonsmooth problems, and several problems are tested (with the maximum dimensions to 100,000 variables).
2016: PloS One
Jong Phil Bak, Young Mi Cho, Inhye Kim, Dae Won Park, Jung Eun Kwon, Yong Joon Jeong, Jong Hwan Kwak, Se Chan Kang
Anemarrhena asphodeloides is known to suppress inflammation and lower various fevers. To determine the active component of A. asphodeloides, ethanol (EtOH) extract of A. asphodeloides rhizomes was fractionized. The compounds isolated from the dichloromethane (CH2Cl2) soluble fraction were identified as 4'-O-methylnyasol (1), nyasol (2), 3″-methoxynyasol (3), 3″-hydroxy-4″-methoxy-4″-dehydroxynyasol (4), 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde (5), and 4-hydroxyacetophenone (6). The four norlignans (1-4) potently inhibited the release of β-hexosaminidase from immunoglobulin E (IgE)/dinitrophenol-conjugated bovine serum albumin (DNP-BSA)-treated rat basophilic leukemia (RBL)-2H3 and A23187 plus phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate co-treated isolated rat primary mast cells, as markers of degranulation and histamine release...
October 22, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Laura Hermosilla, Marcos Caroli Rezende, Vanderlei Gageiro Machado, Rafaela I Stock
The cationic halochromism and thermohalochromism of four phenolate dyes conjugated with aryl moieties substituted with one or two nitro groups were investigated in the presence of organic (tetra-n-butylammonium bromide and benzyltriethylammonium chloride) and inorganic (sodium perchlorate) salts, in hydrogen-bond donating (water, 1-propanol, 1-butanol and 2-propanol) and hydrogen-bond accepting (acetonitrile and dimethylsulfoxide) solvents. Although a positive halochromic response was observed in water for tetraalkylammonium salts, their thermohalochromic behavior was negligible...
October 17, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Mohammad Shakir, Summaiya Hanif, Md Fazle Alam, Hina Younus
Novel bio-relevant monometallic Schiff base complexes of the type, [Cu(L(1))2] (1), [Zn(L(1))2]·2H2O (2), [Cu(L(2))2]·2H2O (3) and [Zn(L(2))2]·H2O (4) [L(1)(E)-3-(((3-chloro-4-hydroxyphenyl)imino)methyl)naphthalen-2-ol and L(2)(E)-2-chloro-4-((1-(5-chloro-2-hydroxyphenyl)ethylidene)amino)phenol] were synthesized and characterized. A comparative account of analytical, spectroscopic (FT-IR, (1)H and (13)C NMR, Mass, UV-vis and EPR), thermal (TGA/DTA), XRD and SEM studies revealed a correlation between the structure and function of these biologically active molecular entities...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Alena Vanduchova, Veronika Tomankova, Pavel Anzenbacher, Eva Anzenbacherova
The influence of metabolites of sulforaphane, natural compounds present in broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis italica) and in other cruciferous vegetables, on drug-metabolizing cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes in human liver microsomes and possible entry of sulforaphane into human hepatic cells were investigated. Metabolites studied are compounds derived from sulforaphane by the mercapturic acid pathway (conjugation with glutathione and by following reactions), namely sulforaphane glutathione and sulforaphane cysteine conjugates and sulforaphane-N-acetylcysteine...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
Anaïs Bouisseau, John Glancy, Michael C Willis
β'-Thio-substituted-enones, assembled from the combination of β-tert-butylthio-substituted aldehydes and alkynes, using rhodium catalysis, are shown to smoothly undergo in situ intramolecular S-conjugate addition to deliver a range of S-heterocycles in a one-pot process. Aryl, alkenyl, and alkyl aldehydes can all be employed, to provide thiochroman-4-ones, hexahydro-4H-thiochromen-4-ones, and tetrahydrothiopyran-4-ones, respectively. A variety of in situ oxidations are also performed, allowing access to S,S-dioxide derivatives, as well as unsaturated variants...
October 25, 2016: Organic Letters
Dian Su, Carl K Ng, Mehraban Khosraviani, Shang-Fan Yu, Ely Cosino, Surinder Kaur, Keyang Xu
Affinity capture liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) intact antibody assay has been widely used for direct drug-to-antibody ratio (DAR) and catabolite characterization of antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs). However, the intact mass spectra of new ADCs, which incorporate new types of linkers and/or payloads other than maytansines and auristatins, are more complex than those examined previously. The current method has showed some limitations in elucidating certain structural modifications. Herein, we report an alternative analytical approach for ADCs, such as THIOMABTM antibody-drug conjugates (TDCs), where the linker-drugs are site-specifically conjugated in the Fab region...
October 25, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Soji Shimizu
Subporphyrinato boron (subporphyrin) was elusive until the syntheses of tribenzosubporphine in 2006 and meso-aryl-substituted subporphyrin in 2007. These novel contracted analogues possess a 14π-electron conjugated system embedded in a bowl-shaped structure. They exhibit absorption and fluorescence in the UV/vis region and nonlinear optical properties due to their octupolar structures. The unique coordination geometry around the central boron atom in the structure of subporphyrin enabled investigation of rare boron species, such as borenium cations, boron hydrides, and boron peroxides...
October 25, 2016: Chemical Reviews
Nanette Santoro, Amanda Allshouse, Genevieve Neal-Perry, Lubna Pal, Rogerio A Lobo, Frederick Naftolin, Dennis M Black, Eliot A Brinton, Matthew J Budoff, Marcelle I Cedars, N Maritza Dowling, Mary Dunn, Carey E Gleason, Howard N Hodis, Barbara Isaac, Maureen Magnani, JoAnn E Manson, Virginia M Miller, Hugh S Taylor, Whitney Wharton, Erin Wolff, Viola Zepeda, S Mitchell Harman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to compare the efficacy of two forms of menopausal hormone therapy in alleviating vasomotor symptoms, insomnia, and irritability in early postmenopausal women during 4 years. METHODS: A total of 727 women, aged 42 to 58, within 3 years of their final menstrual period, were randomized to receive oral conjugated estrogens (o-CEE) 0.45 mg (n = 230) or transdermal estradiol (t-E2) 50 μg (n = 225; both with micronized progesterone 200 mg for 12 d each mo), or placebos (PBOs; n = 275)...
October 24, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Huanli Dong, Wenping Hu
Conjugated polymers have attracted the world's attentions since their discovery due to their great promise for optoelectronic devices. However, the fundamental understanding of charge transport in conjugated polymers remains far from clear. The origin of this challenge is the natural disorder of polymers with complex molecular structures in the solid state. Moreover, an effective way to examine the intrinsic properties of conjugated polymers is absent. Optoelectronic devices are always based on spin-coated films...
October 25, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
Raziye Mohammadpour, Shahrokh Safarian, Brandon Buckway, Hamidreza Ghandehari
Polymer architecture can influence biodistribution and the mode of presentation of bioactive agents to cells. Herein delivery, loading efficiency, and mode of cellular entry of polymer conjugates of the photosensitizer Meso-Tetra (4-Carboxyphenyl) Porphyrine (MTCP) are examined when attached to hyperbranched amine terminated poly(amido amine) (PAMAM) dendrimer or random coil linear N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymer containing free amines in the side chains. The in vitro dark cytotoxicity and phototoxicity of MTCP and related conjugates are assessed on mouth epidermal carcinoma (KB) and human adenocarcinoma alveolar basal epithelial (A549) cells...
October 25, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Egor Bobrov, Natalia Skobeleva, Diana Restifo, Natalya Beglyarova, Kathy Q Cai, Elizabeth Handorf, Kerry Campbell, David A Proia, Vladimir Khazak, Erica A Golemis, Igor Astsaturov
The lack of effective treatment modalities is a major problem in pancreatic cancer (PCa), a devastating malignancy that is nearly universally driven by the "undruggable" KRAS and TP53 cancer genes. Poor tumor tissue penetration is the major source of resistance in pancreatic cancer where chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment. In this study we exploited the selective tumor-targeting properties of the heat shock 90 protein inhibitors as the vehicle for drug delivery to pancreatic tumor tissues. STA-12-8666 is a novel esterase-cleavable conjugate of an HSP90i and a topoisomerase I inhibitor, SN-38...
October 13, 2016: Oncotarget
Nayely Garibay-Nieto, Gloria Queipo-Garcia, Flor Alvarez-Huerta, Mayra Bustos-Esquivel, Erendira Villanueva-Ortega, Fernando Ramirez, Mireya Leon, Estibalitz Laresgoiti-Servitje, Ravindranath Duggirala, Teresa Macias, Sergio Cuevas, Abel Jalife, Miguel Fonseca-Sanchez, Fabiola Serratos, Juan Carlos Lopez-Alvarenga
CONTEXT: Insulin resistance precedes metabolic syndrome abnormalities and may promote cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes in children with obesity. Results of lifestyle modification programs have been discouraging, and the use of adjuvant strategies has been necessary. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of metformin and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on insulin sensitivity, measured via euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp technique and insulin pathway expression molecules in muscle biopsies of children with obesity...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Eun Ji Park, Dong Hee Na
The separation mechanism of PEGylated peptides in reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) is complex, because the PEGylated molecules exhibit physicochemical properties that are different from those of the parent molecules and have heterogeneous structure. Since most separation studies have focused on the hydrophobicity of the peptide relative to poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), the role of PEG in the separation of PEGylated peptides on RP-HPLC is not clear. To elucidate the effect of the attached PEG on the retention of PEGylated peptides on RP-HPLC, the mono-PEGylated forms of collagen pentapeptide and octreotide were fractionated drop-by-drop from the outlet of the HPLC system and each drop was subjected to matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS)...
October 25, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Melissa Shields, Swati Sinkar, WengOnn Chan, John Crompton
PURPOSE: To characterize the clinical features, aetiology and management of ophthalmic symptoms in adult patients with Parinaud syndrome. METHODS: This is a retrospective, non-comparative observational case series. We reviewed 40 consecutive charts of adult patients with the clinical diagnosis of Parinaud syndrome at the Royal Adelaide Hospital Department of Ophthalmology in Adelaide, South Australia, between 1991 and 2016. Charts were reviewed for the following: (1) demographic information, (2) clinical presentation, (3) neuro-ophthalmology signs, (4) aetiology of Parinaud syndrome, and (5) management...
October 24, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Juan Pablo Martínez, Miquel Solà, Alexander A Voityuk
Understanding photoinduced charge separation in fullerene-based dye-sensitized solar cells is crucial for the development of photovoltaic devices. We investigate here how the driving force of the charge separation process in conjugates of M@C80 (M=Sc3 N, Sc3 CH, Sc3 NC, Sc4 O2 , and Sc4 O3 ) with triphenylamine (TPA) depends on the nature of the metal cluster. Both singlet and triplet excited-state electron-transfer reactions are considered. These results based on TD-DFT calculations demonstrate that the driving force of charge separation in TPA-M@C80 can be tuned well by varying the structure of the metal cluster encapsulated inside the fullerene cage...
October 25, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Benedikt M Kessler, Sara Bursomanno, Joanna F McGouran, Ian D Hickson, Ying Liu
Posttranslational modification of proteins with the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) regulates protein function in the context of cell cycle and DNA repair. The occurrence of SUMOylation is less frequent as compared to protein modification with ubiquitin, and appears to be controlled by a smaller pool of conjugating and deconjugating enzymes. Mass spectrometry has been instrumental in defining specific as well as proteome-wide views of SUMO-dependent biological processes, and several methodological approaches have been developed in the recent past...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Brian F Kiesel, Robert A Parise, Jianxia Guo, Donna M Huryn, Paul A Johnston, Raffaele Colombo, Malabika Sen, Jennifer R Grandis, Jan H Beumer, Julie L Eiseman
PURPOSE: The oncogenic transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) promotes gene transcription involved in cancer, and its activation by IL-6 is found in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Four triazolothiadizine STAT3 pathway inhibitors were evaluated to prioritize a single compound for in vivo examination. METHODS: Metabolic stability in mouse liver microsome incubation was used to evaluate four triazolothiadizine analogues, and UPCDC-10205 was administered to mice IV as single or multiple doses to evaluate toxicity...
October 24, 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Mthulisi Khuphe, Clare S Mahon, Paul D Thornton
The glucoseamine-initiated ring-opening polymerisation of amino acid N-carboxyanhydrides and O-carboxanhydrides to yield amphiphilic block copolymers that are capable of self-assembly in aqueous solution to form well-defined, glucose-presenting, particles is reported. The particles formed are susceptible to enzyme-mediated (lipase and protease) and pH-induced degradation, and can selectively bind the lectin concanavalin A. Consequently, such glycoparticles are of significance for the controlled release of payload molecules in response to an acidic environment, for instance cancerous tissue, and upon interaction with target enzymes...
October 25, 2016: Biomaterials Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"