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Ming Lei, Ben Xu, Yutao Pei, Haibao Lu, Yong Qing Fu
This paper investigates the mechanics of hybrid shape memory polymer polystrene (PS) based nanocomposites with skeletal structures of CNFs/MWCNTs formed inside. Experimental results showed an increase of glass transition temperature (Tg) with CNF/MWCNT concentrations instead of a decrease of Tg in nanocomposites filled by spherical particles, and an increase in mechanical properties on both macro- and μm-scales. Compared with CNFs, MWCNTs showed a better mechanical enhancement for PS nanocomposites due to their uniform distribution in the nanocomposites...
January 7, 2016: Soft Matter
V Ramesh, Manoranjan Biswal, Smita Mohanty, Sanjay K Nayak
This study is focused on the recovery and recycling of plastics waste, primarily polycarbonate, poly(acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene) and high impact polystyrene, from end-of-life waste electrical and electronic equipments. Recycling of used polycarbonate, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene, polycarbonate/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene/high impact polystrene material was carried out using material recycling through a melt blending process. An optimized blend composition was formulated to achieve desired properties from different plastics present in the waste electrical and electronic equipments...
May 2014: Waste Management & Research
Onder Yargı, Saziye Uğur, Onder Pekcan
This study examines the oxygen diffusion into polystyrene (PS) latex/multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWNT) nanocomposite films (PS/MWNT) consisting of various amounts of MWNT via steady state fluorescence technique (SSF). PS/MWNT films were prepared from the mixture of MWNT and pyrene (P)-labeled PS latexes at various compositions at room temperature. These films were then annealed at 170 °C above glass transition (Tg) temperature of PS. Fluorescence quenching measurements were performed for each film separately to evaluate the effect of MWNT content on oxygen diffusion...
May 2013: Journal of Fluorescence
Sivalingam Ramesh, Arumugam Sivasamy, Joo-Hyung Kim
Maleimide-functionalized polystyrene (PSMA-SiO2/TiO2) hybrid nanocomposites were prepared by sol-gel reaction starting from tratraethoxysilane (TEOS) and titanium isopropoxide in the solution of polystyrene maleimide in 1,4-dioxane. The hybrid films were obtained by the hydrolysis and polycondensation of TEOS and titanium isopropoxide in maleimide-functionalized polystyrene solution followed by the Michael addition reaction. The transparency of polymer (PSMA-SiO2/TiO2) hybrid was prepared from polystyrene titanium isopropoxide using the γ-aminopropyltriethoxy silane as crosslinking agent by in situ sol-gel process via covalent bonding between the organic-inorganic hybrid nanocomposites...
2012: Nanoscale Research Letters
Kathleen Kolehmainen, Stephanie M Willerth
Stem cells are found in naturally occurring 3D microenvironments in vivo, which are often referred to as the stem cell niche. Culturing stem cells inside of 3D biomaterial scaffolds provides a way to accurately mimic these microenvironments, providing an advantage over traditional 2D culture methods using polystyrene as well as a method for engineering replacement tissues. While 2D tissue culture polystrene has been used for the majority of cell culture experiments, 3D biomaterial scaffolds can more closely replicate the microenvironments found in vivo by enabling more accurate establishment of cell polarity in the environment and possessing biochemical and mechanical properties similar to soft tissue...
2012: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Inn-Kyu Kang, Dong Woo Lee, Seung Kyung Lee, Toshihiro Akaike
Lactose-carrying styrene (VLA)-grafted polystyrene (PS) dish (PS-VLA) was prepared by treatment of PS dish with oxygen plasma glow discharge followed by the graft polymerization of VLA. The surface topology and hepatocytes behavior on PS-VLA were examined by comparison with those on a PVLA-coated PS dish (PS-PVLA). According to the results of surface topologies obtained by a phase mode of atomic force microscope (AFM), it was found that PS-VLA exhibits a pointed texture image similar to forest while PS-PVLA exhibits a phase-separated, cloud-like image...
July 2003: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
K O Greulich, G Pilarczyk, A Hoffmann, G Meyer Zu Hörste, B Schäfer, V Uhl, S Monajembashi
Complete manipulation by laser light allows precise and gentle treatment of plant cells, subcellular structures, and even individual DNA molecules. Recently, affordable lasers have become available for the construction of microbeams as well as for optical tweezers. This may generate new interest in these tools for plant biologists. Early experiments, reviewed in this journal, showed that laser supported microinjection of material into plant cells or tissues circumvents mechanical problems encountered in microinjection by fragile glass capillaries...
June 2000: Journal of Microscopy
Z M Ruggeri, P M Mannucci, S L Jeffcoate, G I Ingram
A solid phase non-competitive immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) has been developed which allows measurement of factor VIII related antigen (VIIIR:AG) levels in normal plasma as low as 2.5 x 10(-4) U/ml. The assay is based on the extraction of VIIIR:AG from test plasma by means of polystrene tubes coated with a specific unlabelled anti-VIIIR:AG rabbit antiserum and subsequent labelling of the extracted antigen with 125I-labelled anti-VIIIR:AG rabbit IgG.
June 1976: British Journal of Haematology
G I Byrne
Ingestion of 14C-amino acid-labeled Chlamydia psittaci (6BC) by mouse fibroblasts (L cells) was inhibited when the host cells were incubated for 30 min at 37 degrees C in Earle salts containing 10 mug of crystalline trypsin per ml. Tryptic digestion also inhibited the ingestion of 1-mum polystrene latex beads. Trypsin-treated L cells almost completely recovered their ability to ingest chlamydiae after 4 h at 37 degrees C in medium 199 with 5% fetal calf serum. Cycloheximide (10 mug/ml) blocked this recovery...
September 1976: Infection and Immunity
K H Pawlizki, G J Kelly, E Latzko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1976: Analytical Biochemistry
D W Barnes, S P Colowick
Evidence is presented that the marked stimulation of sugar uptake and thymidine incorporation by addition of extra Ca2+ to stationary phase mouse 3T3 cells in culture is phosphate dependent and due to the action of the calcium phosphate precipitate formed in the medium. The cells are similarly stimulated by a variety of particulate materials, including calcium pyrophosphate, barium sulfate, kaolin, and polystrene beads. The precipitate effects on sugar uptake are of the same magnitude as those seen with certain hormones (insulin, epidermal growth factor) or with fresh 10% calf serum...
December 1977: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
G F Sigler, A K Soutar, L C Smith, A M Gotto, J T Sparrow
Apolipoprotein C-I, a protein constituent of the very low density lipoproteins of human plasma, consists of a single chain of 57 amino acids. The total synthesis of a protein corresponding to apolipoprotein C-I in physical properties and compositions was accomplished by solid phase techniques employing a modified polystrene incorporating spacer groups between the point of attachment of the first residue and the polymer matrix. The synthetic apoprotein was shown to activate lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase to the same extent as the native protein...
May 1976: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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