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endoplasmic reticulum stress

H Viisanen, H Chapman, H Wei, M Lasierra Losada, A Koivisto, K E Akerman, A Pertovaara
Methylglyoxal (MG) is a reactive carbonyl compound generated in diabetes mellitus. MG is an established transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) channel agonist that contributes to TRPA1-mediated diabetic pain hypersensitivity. Here we studied whether exposure to diabetes and thereby to elevated endogenous MG modulates hypersensitivity induced by intradermal MG. Moreover, since diabetes induces endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, we compared the role of TRPA1 in diabetes and ER stress by assessing whether tunicamycin-induced ER stress, without diabetes, produces TRPA1-mediated pain hypersensitivity and by assessing whether ER stress and diabetes have similar modulatory effects on MG-induced hypersensitivity...
August 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
Arshag D Mooradian
The availability of effective drugs targeting the major risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) has reduced morbidity and mortality. Cumulative relative risk of CVD events can be reduced by 75 % with a combination of aspirin, a β-adrenoceptor antagonist (β-blocker), an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor (statin), and an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. The principal pharmacodynamics of these drugs cannot explain the entirety of their cardioprotective action, as other drugs with similar pharmacologic targets have not been associated with favorable clinical effects...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
Bose Karthikeyan, Lakshminarasimhan Harini, Vaithilingam Krishnakumar, Velu Rajesh Kannan, Krishnan Sundar, Thandavarayan Kathiresan
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis is a well-known factor in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). ER stress leads to accumulation of misfolded proteins, which in turn activates unfolded protein response (UPR) of the cell for its survival. The prolonged UPR of ER stress promotes cell death; however, the transition between adaptation and ER stress-induced apoptosis has not been clearly understood. Hence, the present study investigates the regulatory effect of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on ER stress-induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and disturbance of calcium homeostasis by thapsigargin (TG) in mouse retinal pigment epithelial (MRPE) cells...
October 24, 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
Chen-Bin Yu, Guo-Long Zhao, Li-Ming Yu, Shi-Qiang Yu, Wei-Xun Duan, Hai-Feng Zhang
The present study was aimed to investigate the underlying mechanisms of the protective effect of proanthocyanidin (Pro) against hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury in H9C2 cells with a focus on Janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) signaling pathway. H9C2 cells were randomly assigned to 5 groups, including the control group (Con), the H/R-injured group (H/R), the Pro-treated group (H/R+Pro), the JAK2 siRNA-treated group (H/R+Pro+JAK2 siRNA) and the JAK2 siRNA control group (H/R+JAK2 siRNA)...
October 25, 2016: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
Dilip Sharma, Jitendra Narain Singh, Shyam S Sharma
Mechanisms and pathways involving in diabetic neuropathy are still not fully understood but can be unified by the process of overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, downstream intracellular signaling pathways and their modulation. Susceptibility of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) to internal/external hyperglycemic environment stress contributes to the pathogenesis and progression of diabetic neuropathy. ER stress leads to abnormal ion channel function, gene expression, transcriptional regulation, metabolism and protein folding...
October 21, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Russell Dahl
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is intimately linked to Parkinson's disease (PD) pathophysiology. Disrupted intracellular calcium homeostasis is a major cause of the ER stress seen in dopaminergic neurons, leading to the cell death and subsequent loss of movement and coordination in patients. Dysfunctional calcium handling proteins play a major role in the promulgation of ER stress in PD. Specifically, compromised sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) has been identified as a major cause of ER stress and neuron loss in PD...
October 12, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Anna Hojka-Osinska, Lucyna Budzko, Agnieszka Zmienko, Agnieszka Rybarczyk, Patrick Maillard, Agata Budkowska, Marek Figlerowicz, Paulina Jackowiak
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is one of the major causes of chronic liver diseases. Unfortunately, the mechanisms of HCV infection-induced liver injury and host-virus interactions are still not well recognized. To better understand these processes we determined the changes in the host gene expression that occur during HCV infection of Huh-7.5 cells. As a result, we identified genes that may contribute to the immune and metabolic cellular responses to infection. Pathway enrichment analysis indicated that HCV induced an increased expression of genes involved in mitogen-activated protein kinases signaling, adipocytokine signaling, cell cycle and nitrogen metabolism...
October 25, 2016: Acta Biochimica Polonica
Miao Long, Yi Liu, Yu Cao, Nan Wang, Meng Dang, Jianbin He
Lead is harmful for human health and animals. Proanthocyanidins (PCs), a natural antioxidant, possess a broad spectrum of pharmacological and medicinal properties. However, its protective effects against lead-induced liver damage have not been clarified. This study was aimed to evaluate the protective effect of PCs on the hepatotoxicity of male Kunming mice induced by chronic lead exposure. A total of 70 healthy male Kunming mice were averagely divided into four groups: control group, i.e., the group exposed to lead, the group treated with PCs, and the group co-treated with lead and PCs...
October 21, 2016: Nutrients
Harun-Or Rashid, Hyun-Kyoung Kim, Raghupatil Junjappa, Hyung-Ryong Kim, Han-Jung Chae
Compromised protein folding capacity in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) leads to a protein traffic jam that produces a toxic environment called ER stress. However, the ER smartly handles such a critical situation by activating a cascade of proteins responsible for sensing and responding to the noxious stimuli of accumulated proteins. The ER protein load is higher in secretory cells, such as liver hepatocytes, which are thus prone to stress-mediated toxicity and various diseases, including alcohol-induced liver injury, fatty liver disease, and viral hepatitis...
October 23, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Benxu Cheng, Pinki Anand, Anxiu Kuang, Feroz Akhtar, Virginia L Scofield
Ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) dysfunction has been implicated in the development of many neuronal disorders, including Parkinson's disease (PD). Previous studies focused on individual neuroprotective agents and their respective abilities to prevent neurotoxicity following a variety of toxic insults. However, the effects of the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on proteasome impairment-induced apoptosis have not been well characterized in human neuronal cells. The aim of this study was to determine whether cotreatment of NAC and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) efficiently protected against proteasome inhibitor-induced cytotoxicity in SH-SY5Y cells...
2016: Parkinson's Disease
Li Zhou, Ping Chen, Yating Peng, Ruoyun Ouyang
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is characterized by chronic nocturnal intermittent hypoxia and sleep fragmentations. Neurocognitive dysfunction, a significant and extraordinary complication of OSAS, influences patients' career, family, and social life and reduces quality of life to some extent. Previous researches revealed that repetitive hypoxia and reoxygenation caused mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum dysfunction, overactivated NADPH oxidase, xanthine oxidase, and uncoupling nitric oxide synthase, induced an imbalance between prooxidants and antioxidants, and then got rise to a series of oxidative stress (OS) responses, such as protein oxidation, lipid peroxidation, and DNA oxidation along with inflammatory reaction...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
P S Dalvi, J A Chalmers, V Luo, D-Yd Han, L Wellhauser, Y Liu, D Q Tran, J Castel, S Luquet, M B Wheeler, D D Belsham
BACKGROUND: Consumption of dietary fat is one of the key factors leading to obesity. High-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity is characterized by induction of inflammation in the hypothalamus; however, the temporal regulation of proinflammatory markers and their impact on hypothalamic appetite-regulating neuropeptide Y/agouti-related peptide (NPY/AgRP) neurons remains undefined. METHODS: Mice were injected with an acute lipid infusion for 24 h or fed a HFD over 8-20 weeks...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Ye Li, Yinan Luo, Tianfei Luo, Bin Lu, Chen Wang, Yanhong Zhang, Meihua Piao, Chunsheng Feng, Pengfei Ge
Protein aggregation has been proved to be a pathological basis accounting for neuronal death caused by either transient global ischemia or oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD), and inhibition of protein aggregation is emerging as a potential strategy of preventing brain damage. Trehalose was found to inhibit protein aggregation caused by neurodegenerative diseases via induction of autophagy, whereas its effect is still elusive on ischemia-induced protein aggregation. In this study, we investigated this issue by using rat model of transient global ischemia and SH-SY5Y model of OGD...
October 22, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Jian Tang, Yingbin Ge, Lei Yang, Xinyu Xu, Tao Sui, Dawei Ge, Jun Que, Xiaojian Cao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hypertrophic scars (HS) formation results from reduced apoptosis and increased proliferation of fibroblasts. Therefore, apoptosis of fibroblasts is a key target for the development of novel therapeutic strategies for HS. Previous reports demonstrated that FK506 could attenuate scar formation in vivo and FK506 could also induce endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress). However, the effects of FK506 on ER stress-mediated apoptosis in fibroblasts remain unclear. METHODS: Rat skin fibroblasts were used in the study...
October 24, 2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Cen Guo, Yang Geng, Feifei Song, Yajing Huo, Xuqing Wu, Jianing Lv, Anyan Ge, Wei Fan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Mild hypothermia has been proved to reduce global and focal cerebral ischemic injury in rodents by preventing cellular apoptosis through several pathways. However, whether hypothermia will be beneficial for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and its underlying mechanisms haven't reached a consensus. It has been implicated that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays a role in the secondary injury after ICH in rats. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether mild hypothermia would attenuate ICH induced neuronal injury via regulating ER stress...
October 19, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
Katherine E Tierney, Lingyun Ji, Shannon S Dralla, Eunjeong Yoo, Annie Yessaian, Huyen Q Pham, Lynda Roman, Richard Sposto, Paulette Mhawech-Fauceglia, Yvonne G Lin
: Glucose-regulated protein (GRP)-78, the key regulator of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, is associated with endometrial cancer (EC) development and progression. However, its role in the continuum from complex atypical hyperplasia (CAH) to EC is unknown and the focus of this study. METHODS: 252 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded endometrial biopsies from patients with CAH diagnosed between 2003 and 2011 were evaluated for GRP78 expression by immunohistochemistry...
October 19, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Xuemei Lin, Gang Wei, Zhijun Huang, Zhongsen Qu, Xinfeng Huang, Hua Xu, Jianjun Liu, Zhixiong Zhuang, Xifei Yang
Mitochondrial dysfunction is involved in neurotoxicity caused by exposure of various chemicals such as copper. However, the effects of long-term low-dose copper exposure on mitochondrial proteome remain unclear. In this study, we found the treatment of copper (0.13ppm copper sulfate in drinking water) for 12 months caused abnormal expression of a total of 13 mitochondrial proteins (7 up-regulated and 6 down-regulated) as revealed by two-dimensional electrophoresis coupled with mass spectrometry in mouse cortex...
October 18, 2016: Toxicology Letters
Xin-Shuang Yu, Juan Du, Yu-Jun Fan, Feng-Jun Liu, Li-Li Cao, Ning Liang, De-Guo Xu, Jian-Dong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effects of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) on autophagy, apoptosis and chemoresistance of human small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells via the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. RESULTS: The expressions of ERS-related proteins (PEAK, eIF2α and CHOP) up-regulated, autophagy-related proteins (LC3, LC3-II and Beclin1) and apoptosis-related proteins (Bax and procaspase-3) down-regulated in NCI-H446 and H69 cells after tunicamycin treatment for 24 h...
October 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Tao Lin, Jae Eun Lee, Reza K Oqani, So Yeon Kim, Eun Seok Cho, Yong Dae Jeong, Jun Jong Baek, Dong Il Jin
The aim of this study is to investigate whether endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress attenuation could improve porcine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryo developmental competence. We treated porcine SCNT embryos with TUDCA (tauroursodeoxycholic acid, an inhibitor of ER stress) and/or TM (tunicamycin, an ER stress inducer), and examined embryonic developmental potential, embryo quality, the levels of ER stress markers (XBP1 protein and mRNA) and apoptosis-related-genes (BAX and BCL2 mRNA). Immunostaining detected X-box-binding protein (XBP1), a key gene regulator during ER stress, at all stages of SCNT embryo development...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Biology
Alexander N Shikov, Olga N Pozharitskaya, Valery G Makarov
PURPOSE: Aralia elata var. mandshurica (Rupr. & Maxim.) J.Wen syn. A. mandshurica Rupr. & Maxim is evaluated for its medicinal application. The aim of this study is to analyze pharmacological studies on A. elata var. mandshurica published until December 2015. METHODS: The information regarding the chemistry, safety, effectiveness, and pharmacological and clinical effects of A. elata was systematically collected from the scientific literature through library catalogs; online services such as E-library...
November 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
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