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Y H Liu, G Yang, X D Hu
P. t.1061 preserved at the Manuscripts Department of the Bibiothèque Nationle de France, is a Dunhuang Tibetan veterinary medical manuscript that focuses on the surgical therapy of equine rhinopathy. The method of blowing a small quantity of ammonium chloride through a bamboo tube to treat horse nasal sinus diseases was described in the original scroll; if not effective, burn with a proper cauterization apparatus; if still ineffective, prick with a fine bloodletting needle; if still not effective, operate frontal trephination...
July 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
Nannan Yu, Zhenguo Wang, Yucen Chen, Juntao Yang, Xuan Lu, Yi Guo, Zelin Chen, Zhifang Xu
BACKGROUND: Cerebral edema, erupting simultaneously with severe ischemic stroke, might lead to increased intracranial pressure, cerebral herniation, and ultimately death. Studies conducted previously by our team have demonstrated the fact that bloodletting puncture at hand twelve Jing-well points (HTWP) could alleviate cerebral edema, which mainly results from the disruption of blood-brain barrier (BBB). The study, therefore, was first designed to demonstrate whether BBB-protection serves an important role in the edema-relief effect of HTWP bloodletting, based on which to research the molecular mechanism underlying...
September 26, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Konstantinos Markatos, Marianna Karamanou, Gerasimos Tsourouflis, Georgios Androutsos, Andreas F Mavogenis
AIM OF STUDY: This article aims to summarize the treatment methods for shoulder dislocations supported by Ambroise Paré, and his clinical and academic contribution to this subject. INTRODUCTION: Ambroise Paré (1510-1590) was one of the most prominent surgeons of his time, and one of the most significant innovators of the Renaissance in the fields of military operation, bandages, wound healing, bloodletting, close blood vessels techniques and cesarean section. For many, he is considered "the Father of Modern Surgery"...
July 24, 2017: International Orthopaedics
I M Donaldson
In a passage on the treatment of pneumonia, Osler quoted van Helmont's remark that 'a bloody Moloch presides in the chairs of medicine'. This paper explores Helmont's use of 'Moloch' as a term of abuse against the bloodletting of traditional Galenist physicians and his vigorous opposition to the use of bleeding in treating diseases. The possible reasons for Helmont's opposition to the practice of bloodletting are discussed, leading to the conclusion that it arose from his theories of the origin of diseases, reinforced by some observations of its malign effects on a patient who had been bled excessively...
June 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Chun-Ju Lin, Cheng-Wen Su, Huan-Sheng Chen, Wen-Lu Chen, Jane-Ming Lin, Yi-Yu Tsai
A 61-year-old male suffered from sudden blurred vision and superior visual field defect oculus dexter. His vision was counting fingers at 20 cm. Fundoscopy demonstrated inferior pale retina and a large embolus located at the proximal inferior retinal artery. Branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) was diagnosed. Initial paracentesis, topical brimonidine tartrate, oral pentoxifylline, and hyperbaric oxygen therapy were performed but showed limited improvement. Hence, he received 25-gauge vitrectomy, artificial posterior vitreous detachment, blocked retinal artery massage, and bloodletting 5 days after onset...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Eglė Sakalauskaitė-Juodeikienė, Dalius Jatužis
In the beginning of the 19th century, apoplexy was understood to be a disease of the cerebral blood vessels, manifesting with a sudden weakening or extinction of sensation and the patient's inability to move. In this study, we examined the situation of neurology in the beginning of the 19th century in Vilnius through the perspective of a nervous system disease - apoplexy. Case reports and descriptions of apoplexy in the textbook and memoirs by Joseph Frank (1771-1842), descriptions of patients with apoplexy from the proceedings of Vilnius University Clinic were analysed...
2017: European Neurology
Guillermo Delgado-García, Bruno Estañol-Vidal, Fernando Góngora-Rivera, Exuperio Díez-Tejedor
In 1787, three Colonial physicians quoted from Le Clerc (1726-1798) in the Gazeta de México. The French author lists six specific cases where bloodletting is often fatal, including two kinds of apoplexy: the serous and the lacteal. Both conditions are nowadays unknown to the majority of specialists in clinical neurology, and we therefore conducted an historical review of these conditions.
March 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
Zhiying Yang, Haidong Tan, Xiaolei Liu, Yongliang Sun
A 33-year-old male has been found with a giant liver hemangioma of initial size 29 cm for 5 years. He received arterial embolization twice in order to shrink the tumor; however, no effect was obtained. The tumor had rapidly grown to 50 cm and caused abnormalities in the hematological and coagulative systems. Preoperative computed tomography revealed that the right hepatic vein, right hepatic artery, and right portal vein were not involved by the hemangioma. Resection of the giant liver hemangioma was successfully performed after intraoperative intentional bloodletting with concurrent blood salvage...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Ákos Végh, Zsolt Abonyi-Tóth, Pál Rafai
After head-only electrical stunning of pigs sequential animal-based measurements were carried out right after stunning as well as before and after bleeding in order to analyse how unconsciousness is achieved and maintained in relation to recorded and calculated technical parameters such as electric current intensity, electric work, duration of stunning, and stun-to-bloodletting period. The measurements were performed at three different slaughterhouses on 9 different days under routine slaughtering conditions...
March 2017: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
I M Donaldson
Around the year 1643, Joan Baptista van Helmont, a Flemish chemist, alchemist and physician who had devised what he claimed to be a new form of medicine, proposed a 'challenge' to traditional Galenic physicians to compare treatment of fever by traditional methods and by a regime which did not involve bloodletting and purging. Two groups of patients were to be treated and 'casting of lots' was to be used - in some way not specified in detail - to decide who received which treatment. This 'challenge' has been regarded as the first proposal for the use of randomisation in a clinical trial...
September 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
Florence-Damilola Odufalu, Katherine Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
Fabrice Lainé, Marc Ruivard, Véronique Loustaud-Ratti, Fabrice Bonnet, Paul Calès, Edouard Bardou-Jacquet, Sylvie Sacher-Huvelin, Xavier Causse, Christine Beusnel, Alain Renault, Eric Bellissant, Yves Deugnier
Dysmetabolic iron overload syndrome (DIOS) is a common cause of hyperferritinemia, accounting for a mild increase of iron stores in insulin-resistant subjects. Iron removal could improve insulin sensitivity. We performed a prospective, randomized, controlled trial (NCT01015525) in nondiabetic DIOS patients with hepatic iron >50 μmol/g at magnetic resonance imaging to compare the metabolic and hepatic outcomes of 1-year maintenance of serum ferritin levels <50 μg/L by bloodletting associated with lifestyle and diet advice (LFDA) to those of LFDA only...
February 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Yu Xiang, Xing Wu, Chuanjian Lu, Kaiyi Wang
Psoriasis is a chronic, proliferative, and inflammatory skin disease which affects around 2-3% of the global population. Current pharmacotherapy is effective, however medication with safe and long-lasting therapeutic effects is needed. Acupuncture for psoriasis is widely used in China as well as other Asian countries, and is gradually becoming accepted globally. To determine the characteristics and advantages of acupuncture treatment for psoriasis, and to improve the clinical outcomes of this disease in the future, this review summarizes literature on acupuncture treatment for psoriasis published between 2009 and 2014...
May 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Marcia Spear
Leech therapy is the ancient practice of bloodletting or bloodsucking and is considered one of the oldest medical practices known. Its use has spanned centuries and is still used in plastic surgery practices today when performing free flaps and replants. The purpose of this article is to discuss the history of this ancient therapy and to describe the leech and its present indications, complications, contraindications, and techniques.
July 2016: Plastic Surgical Nursing
S M Abbas Zaidi, S S Jameel, Kehkashan Jafri, Shariq A Khan, Ehsan Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Cupping (Hijamah) therapy is very well documented as a result of several thousand years of clinical experiences in Unani medicine. In this procedure, suction is created by various means either with or without bloodletting. Though this therapy is being widely practiced across the globe for treating many chronic and intractable ailments but many reports reveal its unscientific and improper practices which results in many complications. Therefore to develop standard operative procedures and to propose protocols of cupping therapy in various diseases is the need of hour...
August 2016: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
Brendan S Tanner, Charles Catanese, Emma O Lew, Amy Rapkiewicz
The purpose of this case study was to raise awareness among forensic pathologists and medicolegal death investigators regarding two unique socioethnic practices and regional customs that have significant forensic implications. We present two cases involving coining (gua sha) and bloodletting (sapi) that represent two forms of traditional customs that involve the use of blunt force and sharp force trauma, respectively. In coining, the skin lesions are produced as a result of dermabrasion with oils and oval objects such as coin...
March 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Zhi-Hua Liu, Ying Xie, Jun Tang, Chun-Feng Liu
PURPOSE: To explore the feasibility of the application of (99m)Tc-DTPA-Nateglinide as a nuclear medicine imaging agent for evaluating pancreatic B cell function. METHODS: (1) Distribution of the experiment: Forty-two mice were selected and divided into seven groups. Each mice was injected with 3.7 MBq (100 μCi) of (99m)Tc-DTPA-NGN2 from the vena caudalis and was sacrificed by bloodletting at five minutes, 15 minutes, 30 minutes, one hour, two hours, four hours and six hours, respectively...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Bruce Short
The life and works of Dr Robert Robertson are reviewed set against the background of the extant British management of fevers during the latter 18th-century. Commencing in 1769, using the febrifuge Peruvian bark (cortex Peruvianus; Jesuit's Powder), he experimented and tested Peruvian bark mono-therapy protocols in the tropics in the cure and prevention of intermittent fever (predominantly malaria). His later work also showed the benefit of the bark in the acute care of developed continuous fevers (largely Ship Fever due to Epidemic Louse-borne Typhus Fever) in both the Temperate and Torrid Zones...
December 2015: Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae
Liyan ZHAO, ZHEN Wen, Xinxin HUANG
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Pengliang Hao, Yiling Yang, Ling Guan
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of bloodletting pricking, cupping and surrounding acupuncture on blood inflammation-related indices in patients with acute herpes zoster (HZ), and to explore the mechanism of pain control and treatment. METHODS: A total of 60 patients were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. In the observation group, the patients were treated with bloodletting pricking at herpes, followed by cupping treatment; also the surrounding acupuncture was performed at injured skin...
January 2016: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
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