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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283878/occupational-cns-aspergillosis-in-an-immunocompetent-individual-a-diagnostic-challange
#1
Parul Punia, Nidhi Goel, Ishwar Singh, Uma Chaudhary
INTRODUCTION: Immunocompetent individuals are rarely affected by Aspergillus species and its prime importance lies in immunocompromised patients where it can cause disease, ranging from primarily pulmonary infections to dissemination anywhere in the body. Invasive aspergillosis (IA) occurs in patients with risk factors including prolonged neutropenia, neutrophil dysfunction, patient on cytotoxic drugs, steroid therapy, hematological malignancy, AIDS or in patients with bone marrow transplantation...
December 28, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276113/ayurveda-and-the-science-of-aging
#2
REVIEW
Rammohan V Rao
Since time immemorial, humanity has been concerned with developing and preserving youthful vigor, and extending longevity by stopping or delaying the aging process. By 2030, one in five of the world population will be over 65 years old. Longevity and old age are accompanied with a variety of health challenges and population studies indicate that the elderly will use between three to five times more healthcare services compared to the younger population. Modern medicine has made a great deal of progress in understanding the aging process and in controlling age-associated health issues including heart attacks, strokes, diabetes, cancer, senility, and arthritis...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231878/greek-medicine-practice-at-ancient-rome-the-physician-molecularist-asclepiades
#3
Luigi Santacroce, Lucrezia Bottalico, Ioannis Alexandros Charitos
Background: In the pre-Hellenistic period, the concept of medicine was not well-defined. Usually, a disease was considered as a divine punishment and its treatment was devolved to the priests who asked for healing from the divinities. The only job that could be compared to medical practice was a kind of itinerant medicine, derived from the Egyptian therapeutic tradition based only on practical experience and performed by people that knew a number of remedies, mostly vegetable, but without any theoretical bases about the possible mechanisms of action...
December 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221627/alkaline-diet-and-metabolic-acidosis-practical-approaches-to-the-nutritional-management-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
Larissa Rodrigues Neto Angéloco, Gabriela Cristina Arces de Souza, Elen Almeida Romão, Paula Garcia Chiarello
The kidneys play an extremely important role in maintaining the body acid-base balance by excreting nonvolatile acids and regenerating and reabsorbing bicarbonate in the kidney tubules. As the individual loses their kidney function, renal excretion of nonvolatile acid produced by metabolism of the diet is impaired, resulting in low-grade metabolic acidosis. With this in mind, it is relevant to better understand the dietary aspects related to the acid-base balance in chronic kidney disease metabolic acidosis and try to provide possible strategies for the nutritional management of these cases...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198334/mind-and-body-practices-for-fatigue-reduction-in-patients-with-cancer-and-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Nathan Duong, Hailey Davis, Paula D Robinson, Sapna Oberoi, Danielle Cataudella, S Nicole Culos-Reed, Faith Gibson, Miriam Götte, Pamela Hinds, Sanne L Nijhof, Deborah Tomlinson, Patrick van der Torre, Elena Ladas, Sandra Cabral, L Lee Dupuis, Lillian Sung
PURPOSE: To determine whether non-physical activity mind and body practices reduce the severity of fatigue in patients with cancer or hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients compared to control interventions. METHODS: We included randomized trials which compared non-physical activity mind and body practices compared with control interventions for the management of fatigue in cancer and HSCT patients. RESULTS: Among 55 trials (4975 patients), interventions were acupuncture or acupressure (n=12), mindfulness (n=11), relaxation techniques (n=10), massage (n=6), energy therapy (n=5), energizing yogic breathing (n=3) and others (n=8)...
December 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173516/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-around-the-world
#6
REVIEW
Petros Zezos, Geoffrey C Nguyen
Use of complementary sand alternative medicine (CAM) is common among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). CAM can be broadly categorized as whole medical systems, mind-body interventions, biologically based therapies, manipulative and body-based methods, and energy therapies. Most do not use it to treat IBD specifically, and most take it as an adjunct to conventional therapy not in place of it. However, patients are frequently uncomfortable initiating a discussion of CAM with their physicians, which may impact adherence to conventional therapy...
December 2017: Gastroenterology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149499/being-there-and-reconnecting-midwives-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-mindfulness-training-on-their-practice
#7
Louise Hunter, Sarah Snow, Sian Warriner
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain how midwives perceived attending a mindfulness course impacted on their professional practice, particularly in regard to any stress they experienced at work. DESIGN: A qualitative study using Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine midwives. SETTING: A large maternity Trust in the United Kingdom. INTERVENTION: An eight-week Mindfulness course, adapted from Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140493/a-comprehensive-definition-for-integrative-oncology
#8
Claudia M Witt, Lynda G Balneaves, Maria J Cardoso, Lorenzo Cohen, Heather Greenlee, Peter Johnstone, Ömer Kücük, Josh Mailman, Jun J Mao
Background: Integrative oncology, which is generally understood to refer to the use of a combination of complementary medicine therapies in conjunction with conventional cancer treatments, has been defined in different ways, but there is no widely accepted definition. We sought to develop and establish a consensus for a comprehensive definition of the field of integrative oncology. Methods: We used a mixed-methods approach that included a literature analysis and a consensus procedure, including an interdisciplinary expert panel and surveys, to develop a comprehensive and acceptable definition for the term "integrative oncology...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140490/distress-management-through-mind-body-therapies-in-oncology
#9
Linda E Carlson
Distress is highly prevalent in cancer survivors, from the point of diagnosis through treatment and recovery, with rates higher than 45% reported worldwide. One approach for helping people cope with the inherent stress of cancer is through the use of mind-body therapies (MBTs) such as mediation, yoga, hypnosis, relaxation, and imagery, which harness the power of the mind to affect physical and psychological symptoms. One group of MBTs with a growing body of research evidence to support their efficacy focus on training in mindfulness meditation; these are collectively known as mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137936/the-field-of-medical-anthropology-in-social-science-medicine
#10
Catherine Panter-Brick, Mark Eggerman
Conceptually and methodologically, medical anthropology is well-positioned to support a "big-tent" research agenda on health and society. It fosters approaches to social and structural models of health and wellbeing in ways that are critically reflective, cross-cultural, people-centered, and transdisciplinary. In this review article, we showcase these four main characteristics of the field, as featured in Social Science & Medicine over the last fifty years, highlighting their relevance for an international and interdisciplinary readership...
October 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135457/toward-an-explanatory-framework-for-yoga-therapy-informed-by-philosophical-and-ethical-perspectives
#11
Marlysa B Sullivan, Steffany Moonaz, Kristine Weber, Jessica Noggle Taylor, Laura Schmalzl
Context • Yoga Therapy is an emerging complementary and integrative health practice for which there is increasing interest from both clinical and research perspectives. Currently missing, however, is an explanatory framework for the profession that provides practitioners, clients, and the public with an understanding of how various yogic traditions and principles can be understood in modern health care contexts. Objective • This study proposes an explanatory framework for yoga therapy, informed by phenomenology, eudaimonia, virtue ethics, and first-person ethical inquiry...
November 14, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135075/the-role-of-body-mind-and-environment-in-preterm-birth-mind-the-gap
#12
REVIEW
Shelby Yamamoto, Shahirose Premji
Preterm birth continues to be a problem affecting low-, middle-, and high-income countries, with rates increasing in some areas despite ongoing efforts to reduce the incidence. This emphasizes the need for more effective interventions, particularly if we aim to achieve the broad health targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030. The current focus on medically-oriented interventions such as reducing nonmedically-indicated induction of labor, cesarean birth, and multiple embryo transfers associated with assisted reproductive technologies, as well as the application of cervical cerclage and use of progesterone therapy, though important, are likely only partial solutions to the complex phenomenon of preterm birth...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114529/rehabilitation-training-in-artificially-heated-environment
#13
Ping-Chung Leung
Sauna has become a popular club house facility where the dweller enjoys relaxation. Some exercise groups like yoga and Qigong practitioners, are making use of the heated environment to achieve quicker and better results of trainings. Sauna therapy is producing a thermal stress through hyperthermia. The cardiovascular system readily responds by increasing the heart rate which can become double the resting stage within minutes and cardiac output may have a 70% increase. The body's surface response to heat leads to a 40% of decrease in peripheral vascular resistance, thus allowing rapid peripheral blood flow which is responsible for greater heat dispersal directly from the skin...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113407/healing-touch-in-radiation-therapy-is-the-benefit-tangible
#14
Jean-Baptiste Guy, Sacha Bard-Reboul, Jane-Chloé Trone, Alexis Vallard, Sophie Espenel, Julien Langrand-Escure, Anis Hamrouni, Majed Ben Mrad, Stéphanie Morisson, Patrick Michaud, Nicolas Magné, Chloé Rancoule
Background: Cancer patients tend to use more and more complementary or alternative medicine concomitantly to radiotherapy. A large part of these patients have recourse to Mind and Body practice, mainly with biofield healers or magnetizers, without any level of evidence. The aim of the present study was to report epidemiologic data on biofield healers in radiation therapy patients, and to assess the possible objective and subjective benefits. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in a French cancer institute...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103073/the-efficacy-of-tai-chi-and-yoga-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-spondyloarthropathies-a-narrative-biomedical-review
#15
REVIEW
Gulseren Akyuz, Ozge Kenis-Coskun
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthropathies (SpA) are among the most common inflammatory rheumatic diseases, which might induce chronic pain for their sufferers. Mind-body interventions like Tai Chi and yoga are among the many alternative therapies for combatting chronic pain. This review aims to overview the articles about their effectiveness in RA and SpA. We searched PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science for English-language sources from their inception through September 2017. Case-control studies, interventional studies, and case series that included more than three cases and randomized crossover studies were included...
November 4, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096672/the-effects-of-yoga-versus-stretching-and-resistance-training-exercises-on-psychological-distress-for-people-with-mild-to-moderate-parkinson-s-disease-study-prxotocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
JoJo Yan Yan Kwok, Jackie Cheuk Yin Kwan, Man Auyeung, Vincent Chung Tong Mok, Helen Yue Lai Chan
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress is prevalent among people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and aggravates their motor symptoms, thereby leading to increased disability, high healthcare costs, and poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The under-recognition and adverse effects of the pharmacological management of anxiety and depression among the PD population are considerable. Thus, adopting a Complementary and Alternative Management (CAM) approach to address this problem is important...
November 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096009/the-revised-body-awareness-rating-questionnaire-development-into-a-unidimensional-scale-using-rasch-analysis
#17
Tove Dragesund, Liv Inger Strand, Margreth Grotle
Background: The Body Awareness Rating Questionnaire (BARQ) is a self-report questionnaire aimed at capturing how people with long-lasting musculoskeletal pain reflect on their own body awareness. Methods based on classical test theory were applied to the development of the instrument and resulted in 4 subscales. However, the scales were not correlated, and construct validity might be questioned. Objective: The primary purpose of this study was to explore the possibility of developing a unidimensional scale from items initially collected for the BARQ using Rasch analysis...
October 31, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058453/long-term-acupuncture-therapy-for-low-income-older-adults-with-multimorbidity-a-qualitative-study-of-patient-perceptions
#18
Rachel Pagones, Janet L Lee, Samantha Hurst
OBJECTIVES: Multimorbidity is common, but often poorly managed, among the rapidly growing population of older adults. The existing guidelines followed by physicians frequently lead to polypharmacy and a complex treatment burden. The objective of this study was to explore what benefits are perceived by older adults with multimorbidity as a result of long-term, regular acupuncture treatment. DESIGN: A qualitative design with inductive thematic analysis of semistructured interviews...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057708/characteristics-of-attention-related-body-sensations-temporal-stability-and-associations-with-measures-of-body-focus-affect-sustained-attention-and-heart-rate-variability
#19
Benedek T Tihanyi, Eszter Ferentzi, Ferenc Köteles
AIM: This study investigated the temporal stability and correlates of attention-related body sensations that emerge without external stimulation during rest and due to focused attention on a body part. MATERIALS: To assess attention-related body sensations, participants were asked to focus on a freely chosen body area with closed eyes, and had to report whether the sensation of that area had changed. Self-report questionnaires were used to assess various aspects of body focus (body awareness, body responsiveness, somatosensory amplification, subjective somatic symptoms), and positive and negative affectivity...
October 23, 2017: Somatosensory & Motor Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056846/a-cultural-adaptation-of-dialectical-behavior-therapy-in-nepal
#20
Megan K Ramaiya, Devika Fiorillo, Upasana Regmi, Clive J Robins, Brandon A Kohrt
Growing evidence exists on the potential for adapting evidence-based interventions for low- and-middle-income countries (LMIC). One opportunity that has received limited attention is the adaptation of psychotherapies developed in high-income countries (HIC) based on principles from LMIC cultural groups. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is one such treatment with significant potential for acceptability in South Asian settings with high suicide rates. We describe a tri-phasic approach to adapt DBT in Nepal that consists of qualitative interviews with major Nepali mental health stakeholders (Study 1), an adaptation workshop with 15 Nepali counselors (Study 2), and a small-scale treatment pilot with eligible clients in one rural district (Study 3)...
November 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
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