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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081230/characteristics-of-hiv-infected-children-at-enrollment-into-care-and-at-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation-in-central-africa
#1
Adebola Adedimeji, Andrew Edmonds, Donald Hoover, Qiuhu Shi, Jean d'Amour Sinayobye, Martin Nduwimana, Patricia Lelo, Denis Nash, Kathryn Anastos, Marcel Yotebieng
BACKGROUND: Despite the World Health Organization (WHO) regularly updating guidelines to recommend earlier initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in children, timely enrollment into care and initiation of ART in sub-Saharan Africa in children lags behind that of adults. The impact of implementing increasingly less restrictive ART guidelines on ART initiation in Central Africa has not been described. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data are from the Central Africa International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) pediatric cohort of 3,426 children (0-15 years) entering HIV care at 15 sites in Burundi, DRC, and Rwanda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054447/comparison-of-hospital-outcomes-and-resource-use-in-acute-copd-exacerbation-patients-managed-by-teaching-versus-nonteaching-services-in-a-community-hospital
#2
Khalid Abusaada, Leen Alsaleh, Victor Herrera, Yuan Du, Hassan Baig, George Everett
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: The impact of teaching versus nonteaching services on outcomes and resource use in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) is unknown. The aim of the study is to evaluate the impact of an internal medicine teaching service compared to a nonteaching service on outcomes and resource use in patients admitted with AECOPD in a community teaching hospital. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients admitted for a primary diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation to Florida Hospital Orlando, a large community teaching hospital, between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2014...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054386/enzymatic-antioxidants-status-in-patients-with-recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis
#3
Zichuan Zhang, Shan Li, Huiqing Fang
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress (OS) has been thought to play a main role in the etiopathogenesis of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS), which is one of the most common oral mucosal diseases characterized by recurrent and painful oral ulcers. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the enzymatic antioxidants status in patients with RAS in the active stage and remission stage. METHODS: Ninety seven patients with idiopathic minor RAS and 102 race, age and gender-matched healthy individuals were recruited...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030443/dipyrone-metamizole-markedly-interferes-with-platelet-inhibition-by-aspirin-in-patients-with-acute-and-chronic-pain-a-case-control-study
#4
Andrea Schmitz, Larissa Roßmann, Peter Kienbaum, Goran Pavlaković, Robert Werdehausen, Thomas Hohlfeld
BACKGROUND: Nonopioid analgesic drugs may interfere with platelet inhibition by aspirin. Recent in vitro and clinical studies in patients with cardiovascular disease have suggested that this pharmacodynamic interaction may also occur with dipyrone, a nonopioid analgesic popular in Europe, Asia and South America. OBJECTIVE: Dipyrone is used extensively in acute and chronic pain. This study was undertaken to provide clinical data, so far missing, on its interactions in this group of patients...
26, 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933666/risk-of-stroke-and-recurrence-after-af-ablation-in-patients-with-an-initial-event-free-period-of-12-months
#5
Simon Kochhäuser, Pouria Alipour, Tanjah Haig-Carter, Kathleen Trought, Philip Hache, Yaariv Khaykin, Zaev Wulffhart, Alfredo Pantano, Bernice Tsang, David Birnie, Atul Verma
INTRODUCTION: Because of the unclear prognostic effects of ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF), oral anticoagulation (OAC) is often continued after ablation even in asymptomatic patients. We sought to determine the frequency of stroke and AF recurrence in patients on and off therapeutic OAC one year after a successful AF ablation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients that underwent AF ablation and were free of AF 12 months after ablation were selected from our AF database...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929415/co-occurrence-of-regulated-masked-and-emerging-mycotoxins-and-secondary-metabolites-in-finished-feed-and-maize-an-extensive-survey
#6
Paula Kovalsky, Gregor Kos, Karin Nährer, Christina Schwab, Timothy Jenkins, Gerd Schatzmayr, Michael Sulyok, Rudolf Krska
Global trade of agricultural commodities (e.g., animal feed) requires monitoring for fungal toxins. Also, little is known about masked and emerging toxins and metabolites. 1926 samples from 52 countries were analysed for toxins and metabolites. Of 162 compounds detected, up to 68 metabolites were found in a single sample. A subset of 1113 finished feed, maize and maize silage samples containing 57 compounds from 2012 to 2015 from 44 countries was investigated using liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry...
December 6, 2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871326/tryptophan-hydroxylase-1-and-5-ht7-receptor-preferentially-expressed-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-promote-cancer-progression-through-autocrine-serotonin-signaling
#7
Jaya Gautam, Suhrid Banskota, Sushil Chandra Regmi, Subi Ahn, Yong Hyun Jeon, Hyunyoung Jeong, Seung Joo Kim, Tae-Gyu Nam, Byeong-Seon Jeong, Jung-Ae Kim
BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has a high risk of relapse and there are few chemotherapy options. Although 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin) signaling pathways have been suggested as potential targets for anti-cancer drug development, the mechanism responsible for the action of 5-HT in TNBC remains unknown. METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting were used to measure mRNA and protein levels, respectively...
November 21, 2016: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850750/1113-an-asthma-score-with-high-interobserver-agreement-for-use-in-a-multidisciplinary-treatment-guideline
#8
Cassandra Louis, Georgia Christakis, Yudy Fonseca, Genevieve Alonge, Peter Eldridge, Qiuhu Shi, John Welter, Simon Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820160/cross-centre-replication-of-suppressed-burrowing-behaviour-as-an-ethologically-relevant-pain-outcome-measure-in-the-rat-a-prospective-multicentre-study
#9
Rachel Wodarski, Ada Delaney, Camilla Ultenius, Rosie Morland, Nick Andrews, Catherine Baastrup, Luke A Bryden, Ombretta Caspani, Thomas Christoph, Natalie J Gardiner, Wenlong Huang, Jeffrey D Kennedy, Suguru Koyama, Dominic Li, Marcin Ligocki, Annika Lindsten, Ian Machin, Anton Pekcec, Angela Robens, Sanziana M Rotariu, Sabrina VoB, Marta Segerdahl, Carina Stenfors, Camilla I Svensson, Rolf-Detlef Treede, Katsuhiro Uto, Kazumi Yamamoto, Kris Rutten, Andrew S C Rice
Burrowing, an ethologically relevant rodent behaviour, has been proposed as a novel outcome measure to assess the global impact of pain in rats. In a prospective multicentre study using male rats (Wistar, Sprague-Dawley), replication of suppressed burrowing behaviour in the complete Freund adjuvant (CFA)-induced model of inflammatory pain (unilateral, 1 mg/mL in 100 µL) was evaluated in 11 studies across 8 centres. Following a standard protocol, data from participating centres were collected centrally and analysed with a restricted maximum likelihood-based mixed model for repeated measures...
October 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805727/reference-intervals-for-biochemical-blood-variables-packed-cell-volume-and-body-temperature-in-pet-rats-rattus-norvegicus-using-point-of-care-testing
#10
Anneleen Houtmeyers, Luc Duchateau, Bettina Grünewald, Katleen Hermans
BACKGROUND: Rats (Rattus norvegicus) are increasingly kept as pets, thus more and more requiring veterinary care. Important differences exist between pet and laboratory rats, but little information is available on pet rats. Diagnosis and treatment of pet rat diseases would benefit from RIs specific for this animal population. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to establish RIs for biochemical blood variables, PCV, and body temperature in pet rats. Additionally, influences of sex and feed rationing method (ad libitum, restricted) on these variables were determined...
December 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773885/involvement-of-dna-methylation-in-regulating-rat-prop1-gene-expression-during-pituitary-organogenesis
#11
Hiroto Nishihara, Saishu Yoshida, Naoko Kanno, Naoto Nishimura, Hiroki Ueharu, Jun Ohgane, Takako Kato, Yukio Kato
PROP1 is a pituitary specific transcription factor that plays a crucial role in pituitary organogenesis. The Prop1 shows varied expression patterns that promptly emerge and then fade during the early embryonic period. However, the regulatory mechanisms governing Prop1 expression remain unclear. Here, we investigated whether Prop1 was under epigenetic regulation by DNA methylation. Bisulfite sequencing was performed on DNA obtained from the pituitary glands and livers of rats on embryonic days (E) 13.5 and E14...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758036/potentially-preventable-deaths-in-the-victorian-audit-of-surgical-mortality
#12
Andrew Chen, Claudia Retegan, Jessele Vinluan, Charles Barry Beiles
BACKGROUND: The Victorian Audit of Surgical Mortality (VASM) seeks to peer-review all deaths associated with surgical care. This study aimed to examine the mortalities that were determined by the assessor to be potentially preventable, and identify the clinical factors associated with these cases. The assessment of preventability of death and its relationship to management issues at different stages of the admission episode, as opposed to whether the management issue(s) alone were preventable have not been reported previously...
October 18, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658384/the-association-between-dog-walking-physical-activity-and-owner-s-perceptions-of-safety-cross-sectional-evidence-from-the-us-and-australia
#13
Hayley Christian, Lisa Wood, Andrea Nathan, Ichiro Kawachi, Stephen Houghton, Karen Martin, Sandra McCune
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between dog walking and physical activity within and between four US cities and Australia and investigated if dog walking is associated with higher perceived safety in US and Australian cities. METHODS: Dog owners (n = 1113) in the Pet Connections Study completed a cross-sectional survey. Data were collected across four study sites; three in the US (San Diego, Nashville, Portland) and a fourth in Australia (Perth). Physical activity, local walking, dog walking, and individual and community perceptions of safety were analysed for dog walkers and non-dog walkers for each study site...
September 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643836/cross-centre-replication-of-suppressed-burrowing-behaviour-as-an-ethologically-relevant-pain-outcome-measure-in-the-rat-a-prospective-multicentre-study
#14
Rachel Wodarski, Ada Delaney, Camilla Ultenius, Rosie Morland, Nick Andrews, Catherine Baastrup, Luke A Bryden, Ombretta Caspani, Thomas Christoph, Natalie J Gardiner, Wenlong Huang, Jeffrey D Kennedy, Suguru Koyama, Dominic Li, Marcin Ligocki, Annika Lindsten, Ian Machin, Anton Pekcec, Angela Robens, Sanziana M Rotariu, Sabrina Vo, Marta Segerdahl, Carina Stenfors, Camilla I Svensson, Rolf-Detlef Treede, Katsuhiro Uto, Kazumi Yamamoto, Kris Rutten, Andrew S C Rice
Burrowing, an ethologically relevant rodent behaviour, has been proposed as a novel outcome measure to assess the global impact of pain in rats. In a prospective multicentre study using male rats (Wistar, Sprague-Dawley), replication of suppressed burrowing behaviour in the complete Freund adjuvant (CFA)-induced model of inflammatory pain (unilateral, 1 mg/mL in 100 µL) was evaluated in 11 studies across 8 centres. Following a standard protocol, data from participating centres were collected centrally and analysed with a restricted maximum likelihood-based mixed model for repeated measures...
October 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622515/trigger-oriented-hiv-testing-at-internal-medicine-hospital-departments-in-northern-italy-an-observational-study-fo-c-s-study
#15
Carlo Cerini, Salvatore Casari, Francesco Donato, Enzo Porteri, Anna Rodella, Luigina Terlenghi, Silvia Compostella, Alessandra Apostoli, Nigritella Brianese, Lucia Urbinati, Andrea Salvi, Angelo Rossini, Enrico Agabiti Rosei, Arnaldo Caruso, Giampiero Carosi, Francesco Castelli
BACKGROUND: Early detection of undiagnosed HIV infected patients is of paramount importance. The attitude of Italian hospital-based Internal Medicine physicians to prescribe HIV testing following the detection of HIV-associated signs, symptoms and behaviours (triggers) has been reported to be poor. The aim of the study is to quantify the extent of the missed opportunities for early HIV diagnosis in Internal Medicine Departments (IMD). METHODS: Patients admitted to IMD of a General University Hospital in Italy in March-June 2013 were interviewed using a structured questionnaire investigating the presence of triggers for HIV testing, including patient's characteristics, symptoms and conditions associated with HIV infection...
November 2016: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584269/does-arterial-oxygen-saturation-influence-the-relationship-between-hemoglobin-mass-and-vo2peak-at-moderate-altitude-1113-board-2-june-1-3-15-pm-5-15-pm
#16
Jesse A Goodrich, Benjamin J Ryan, William C Byrnes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576896/expression-purification-and-characterization-of-an-endoglucanase-from-serratia-proteamaculans-cdbb-1961-isolated-from-the-gut-of-dendroctonus-adjunctus-coleoptera-scolytinae
#17
Claudia Cano-Ramírez, Alejandro Santiago-Hernández, Flor Nohemí Rivera-Orduña, Yolanda García-Huante, Gerardo Zúñiga, María Eugenia Hidalgo-Lara
Serratia proteamaculans CDBB-1961, a gut symbiont from the roundheaded pine beetle Dendroctonus adjunctus, displayed strong cellulolytic activity on agar-plates with carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) as carbon source. Automatic genome annotation of S. proteamaculans made possible the identification of a single endoglucanase encoding gene, designated spr cel8A. The predicted protein, named Spr Cel8A shows high similarity (59-94 %) to endo-1,4-β-D-glucanases (EC 3.2.1.4) from the glycoside hydrolase family 8 (GH8)...
December 2016: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557984/reactions-to-testing-hiv-negative-measurement-and-associations-with-sexual-risk-behaviour-among-young-msm-who-recently-tested-hiv-negative
#18
Brian A Feinstein, Brent A Johnson, Jeffrey T Parsons, Brian Mustanski
Receiving an HIV-positive test result is associated with reduced condomless anal sex (CAS), but little is known about negative test results. The recent development of the Inventory of Reactions to Testing HIV Negative confirmed that there are diverse reactions to receiving a negative test result, which have implications for risk behaviour. The goals of the current study were to validate the measure in a sample of young men who have sex with men who recently tested HIV-negative (N = 1113) and to examine its associations with CAS...
August 24, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554185/maternal-characteristics-associated-with-the-obesogenic-quality-of-the-home-environment-in-early-childhood
#19
Stephanie Schrempft, Cornelia H M van Jaarsveld, Abigail Fisher, Alison Fildes, Jane Wardle
The home environment is likely to influence children's diet and activity patterns and ultimately, their weight trajectories. Identifying family characteristics associated with a more 'obesogenic' home can provide insight into the determinants, and has implications for targeting and tailoring strategies to promote healthier lifestyles. The present study examined maternal characteristics associated with a more obesogenic home environment in 1113 families with preschool children. Primary caregivers (99% mothers) from the Gemini cohort completed the Home Environment Interview (HEI) when their children were 4 years old...
December 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552280/a-community-powered-asset-based-approach-to-intersectoral-urban-health-system-planning-in-chicago
#20
Stacy Tessler Lindau, Katherine Diaz Vickery, HwaJung Choi, Jennifer Makelarski, Amber Matthews, Matthew Davis
OBJECTIVES: To describe, and provide a nomenclature and taxonomy for classifying, the economic sectors and functional assets that could be mobilized as partners in an intersectoral health system. METHODS: MAPSCorps (Meaningful, Active, Productive Science in Service to Community) employed local youths to conduct a census of all operating assets (businesses and organizations) on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, in 2012. We classified assets by primary function into sectors and described asset and sector distribution and density per 100 000 population...
October 2016: American Journal of Public Health
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