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Healthy Nutrition and Chronic Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742239/a-scoping-review-of-skills-and-tools-oral-health-professionals-need-to-engage-children-and-parents-in-dietary-changes-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-and-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#1
Lisa F Mallonee, Linda D Boyd, Cynthia Stegeman
OBJECTIVES: Increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity. Obesity now affects one in six children in the United States. The purpose of this scoping review is to identify and review published studies that discuss skills and tools oral health professionals can use with children (under age 12) and their parents to encourage dietary changes to aid in preventing childhood obesity and reducing consumption of SSBs. METHODS: Key search terms were identified and used to examine selected databases via PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735575/negotiating-the-complexities-of-exocrine-and-endocrine-dysfunction-in-chronic-pancreatitis
#2
Sinead N Duggan
Chronic pancreatitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pancreas characterised by irreversible morphological change and typically causing pain and/or permanent loss of function. This progressive, irreversible disease results in destruction of healthy pancreatic tissue and the development of fibrous scar tissue. Gradual loss of exocrine and endocrine function follows, along with clinical manifestations such as steatorrhoea, abdominal pain and diabetes. Nutrition in chronic pancreatitis has been described as a problem area and, until recently, there was little research on the topic...
July 24, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730383/consensus-modeling-to-develop-the-farmers-market-readiness-assessment-and-decision-instrument
#3
Eunlye Lee, Jarrod Dalton, David Ngendahimana, Pat Bebo, Ashley Davis, Daniel Remley, Carol Smathers, Darcy A Freedman
Nutrition-related policy, system, and environmental (PSE) interventions such as farmers' markets have been recommended as effective strategies for promoting healthy diet for chronic disease prevention. Tools are needed to assess community readiness and capacity factors influencing successful farmers' market implementation among diverse practitioners in different community contexts. We describe a multiphase consensus modeling approach used to develop a diagnostic tool for assessing readiness and capacity to implement farmers' market interventions among public health and community nutrition practitioners working with low-income populations in diverse contexts...
July 20, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720150/metabotyping-and-its-application-in-targeted-nutrition-an-overview
#4
Anna Riedl, Christian Gieger, Hans Hauner, Hannelore Daniel, Jakob Linseisen
Metabolic diversity leads to differences in nutrient requirements and responses to diet and medication between individuals. Using the concept of metabotyping - that is, grouping metabolically similar individuals - tailored and more efficient recommendations may be achieved. The aim of this study was to review the current literature on metabotyping and to explore its potential for better targeted dietary intervention in subjects with and without metabolic diseases. A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, Google and Google Scholar to find relevant articles on metabotyping in humans including healthy individuals, population-based samples and patients with chronic metabolic diseases...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710140/perspective-a-definition-for-whole-grain-food-products-recommendations-from-the-healthgrain-forum
#5
Alastair B Ross, Jan-Willem van der Kamp, Roberto King, Kim-Anne Lê, Heddie Mejborn, Chris J Seal, Frank Thielecke
Whole grains are a key component of a healthy diet, and enabling consumers to easily choose foods with a high whole-grain content is an important step for better prevention of chronic disease. Several definitions exist for whole-grain foods, yet these do not account for the diversity of food products that contain cereals. With the goal of creating a relatively simple whole-grain food definition that aligns with whole-grain intake recommendations and can be applied across all product categories, the Healthgrain Forum, a not-for-profit consortium of academics and industry working with cereal foods, established a working group to gather input from academics and industry to develop guidance on labeling the whole-grain content of foods...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704176/availability-and-promotion-of-healthful-foods-in-stores-and-restaurants-guam-2015
#6
Elizabeth A Lundeen, Brenna K VanFrank, Sandra L Jackson, Brittani Harmon, Alyssa Uncangco, Patrick Luces, Carrie Dooyema, Sohyun Park
Chronic disease, which is linked to unhealthy nutrition environments, is highly prevalent in Guam. The nutrition environment was assessed in 114 stores and 63 restaurants in Guam. Stores had limited availability of some healthier foods such as lean ground meat (7.5%) and 100% whole-wheat bread (11.4%), while fruits (81.0%) and vegetables (94.8%) were more commonly available; 43.7% of restaurants offered a healthy entrée or main dish salad, 4.1% provided calorie information, and 15.7% denoted healthier choices on menus...
July 13, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697444/an-efficient-electrochemiluminescence-amplification-strategy-via-bis-co-reaction-accelerator-for-sensitive-detection-of-laminin-to-monitor-overnutrition-associated-liver-damage
#7
Jing Zhao, Wen-Bin Liang, Yan-Mei Lei, Yang-Xue Ou, Ya-Qin Chai, Ruo Yuan, Ying Zhuo
With the world wildly improvement in dietary and nutrition status, it couldn't be ignored that the chronic liver disease (CLD) resulted from the overnutrition. In order to estimate nutrition status for healthy living, an efficient and sensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) sandwich immunosensor of laminin (LN), a marker of CLD, was proposed for early diagnosis of CLD. In this work, the anodic ECL behavior of perylene derivative using H2O2 as co-reactant was demonstrated and the possible ECL mechanism was proposed...
July 3, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688369/evaluation-of-diet-quality-of-the-elderly-and-associated-factors
#8
Dalila Pinto de Souza Fernandes, Maria Sônia Lopes Duarte, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Andréia Queiroz Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest healthy dietary patterns are associated with risk reduction and better control of various chronic diseases. However, few Brazilian studies have focused on evaluating the quality of the elderly diet and its relationship with diseases. This study aimed to estimate the association between diet quality and socioeconomic factors, health and nutrition of the elderly. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional population-based study whose target population were non-institutionalized elderly residents in the city of Viçosa, Brazil...
September 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675613/activity-behavior-nutritional-status-and-perceived-health-in-older-brazilian-adults-does-the-number-of-chronic-diseases-matter
#9
Emerson Sebastião, Patricia Andrea Espinoza Galvez, Priscila Missaki Nakamura, Camila Bosquiero Papini, Eduardo Kokubun, Sebastião Gobbi
AIM: The present study examined activity behavior, nutritional status and perceived health in relation to the number of chronic diseases (ChrD) in a representative sample of Brazilians aged ≥60 years. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study was carried out in a midsize Brazilian city to evaluate different health risk factors. Using a stratified random sampling procedure to select a representative sample of adults, this study interviewed 1572 individuals face-to-face...
July 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675610/vitamin-d-a-modulator-of-musculoskeletal-health-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#10
REVIEW
Pablo Molina, Juan J Carrero, Jordi Bover, Philippe Chauveau, Sandro Mazzaferro, Pablo Ureña Torres
The spectrum of activity of vitamin D goes beyond calcium and bone homeostasis, and growing evidence suggests that vitamin D contributes to maintain musculoskeletal health in healthy subjects as well as in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), who display the combination of bone metabolism disorder, muscle wasting, and weakness. Here, we review how vitamin D represents a pathway in which bone and muscle may interact. In vitro studies have confirmed that the vitamin D receptor is present on muscle, describing the mechanisms whereby vitamin D directly affects skeletal muscle...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671859/being-underweight-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-poor-outcomes-among-acutely-critically-ill-children
#11
Ming-Yin Chen, Yao-Jong Yang
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is associated with impaired immune function; thus, nutrition status assessment is crucial in critical care medicine. We aimed to investigate the impact of being underweight or overweight on major sequelae and mortality among healthy children with an intensive care unit admission. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 282 patients aged 1 month to 18 years were enrolled on intensive care unit admission between 2011 and 2012. Children were excluded if they had underlying chronic diseases and were transferred to other hospitals or discharged against medical advice...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670311/what-is-the-molecular-signature-of-mind-body-interventions-a-systematic-review-of-gene-expression-changes-induced-by-meditation-and-related-practices
#12
REVIEW
Ivana Buric, Miguel Farias, Jonathan Jong, Christopher Mee, Inti A Brazil
There is considerable evidence for the effectiveness of mind-body interventions (MBIs) in improving mental and physical health, but the molecular mechanisms of these benefits remain poorly understood. One hypothesis is that MBIs reverse expression of genes involved in inflammatory reactions that are induced by stress. This systematic review was conducted to examine changes in gene expression that occur after MBIs and to explore how these molecular changes are related to health. We searched PubMed throughout September 2016 to look for studies that have used gene expression analysis in MBIs (i...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660455/investigation-of-in-vitro-digestibility-of-dietary-microalga-chlorella-vulgaris-and-cyanobacterium-spirulina-platensis-as-a-nutritional-supplement
#13
Ayse Kose, Mehmet O Ozen, Murat Elibol, Suphi S Oncel
Microalgal proteins are promising sources for functional nutrition and a sustainable candidate for nutraceutical formulations. They also gain importance due to emerging focus on a healthy nutrition and increase in the number of chronic diseases. In this study, dried dietary species of microalga, Chlorella vulgaris, and cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis were hydrolyzed with pancreatin enzyme to obtain protein hydrolysates. The hydrolysis yield of biomass was 55.1 ± 0.1 and 64.8 ± 3.6% for C. vulgaris and S...
July 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652832/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-to-aid-weight-loss-in-obese-patients-current-perspectives
#14
REVIEW
Gianluca Castelnuovo, Giada Pietrabissa, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Roberto Cattivelli, Alessandro Rossi, Margherita Novelli, Giorgia Varallo, Enrico Molinari
Obesity is a chronic condition associated with risk factors for many medical complications and comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, some types of cancer, osteoarthritis, hypertension, dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, type-2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, and different psychosocial issues and psychopathological disorders. Obesity is a highly complex, multifactorial disease: genetic, biological, psychological, behavioral, familial, social, cultural, and environmental factors can influence in different ways...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646836/biochemical-parameters-as-monitoring-markers-of-the-inflammatory-reaction-by-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#15
Petra Lenártová, Jana Kopčeková, Martina Gažarová, Jana Mrázová, Joanna Wyka
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an airway inflammatory disease caused by inhalation of toxic particles, mainly cigarette smoking, and now is accepted as a disease associated with systemic characteristics. Objective: The aim of this work was to investigate and compare selected biochemical parameters in patients with and without COPD. Material and Methods: Observation group consisted of clinically stable patients with COPD (n = 60)...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645975/the-impact-of-weight-misperception-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-korean-adults-knhanes-2007-2014-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#16
Susan Park, Sejin Lee, Jinseub Hwang, Jin-Won Kwon
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Weight perception, especially misperception, might affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL); however, related research is scarce and results remain equivocal. We examined the association between HRQoL and weight misperception by comparing obesity level as measured by body mass index (BMI) and weight perception in Korean adults. METHODS: Study subjects were 43 883 adults aged 19 years or older from cycles IV (2007-2009), V (2010-2012) and VI (2013-2014) of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637384/long-term-effects-of-high-protein-diets-on-renal-function
#17
Anne-Lise Kamper, Svend Strandgaard
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a prevalence of approximately 13% and is most frequently caused by diabetes and hypertension. In population studies, CKD etiology is often uncertain. Some experimental and observational human studies have suggested that high-protein intake may increase CKD progression and even cause CKD in healthy people. The protein source may be important. Daily red meat consumption over years may increase CKD risk, whereas white meat and dairy proteins appear to have no such effect, and fruit and vegetable proteins may be renal protective...
June 21, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637074/-nutrition-in-cancer-effective-in-prevention-and-treatment
#18
Jann Arends
Nutritional effects on cancer occurrence and on treatment outcome in cancer patients may depend on food preferences and on the quantity of foods supplied. However, it has been difficult to reliably show beneficial effects of specific dietary concepts on cancer incidence. On the other hand, obesity as a result of chronic overfeeding has been linked firmly to an increased risk of a number of cancers as well as on cancer recurrence after treatment. Metabolic consequences of obesity and other components of the metabolic syndrome may be responsible for inducing and/or promoting cancer growth and should be antagonized by regular moderate physical activity in healthy subjects and in cancer survivors...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631313/salivary-gingival-crevicular-fluid-and-serum-levels-of-ghrelin-and-chemerin-in-patients-with-periodontitis-and-overweight
#19
H F R Jentsch, N Arnold, V Richter, J Deschner, T Kantyka, S Eick
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Nutrition and body weight are modifying factors for periodontitis. The purpose of this study was to quantify two molecules (ghrelin and chemerin), released in association with food intake and obesity, in periodontally healthy and diseased individuals with respect to different body mass categories. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The two main groups (patients with chronic periodontitis and periodontally healthy/gingivitis volunteers) were subdivided into groups of subjects with normal weight [body mass index (BMI) <25] and groups of overweight/obese subjects (BMI ≥25)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619025/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-clinician-in-addressing-the-chronic-disease-risk-behaviours-of-community-mental-health-clients-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Caitlin Fehily, Kate Bartlem, John Wiggers, Paula Wye, Richard Clancy, David Castle, Sonia Wutzke, Chris Rissel, Andrew Wilson, Paul McCombie, Fionna Murphy, Jenny Bowman
BACKGROUND: People with a mental illness experience a greater morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases relative to the general population. A higher prevalence of modifiable health risk behaviours such as smoking, poor nutrition, physical inactivity and harmful alcohol consumption contribute substantially to this disparity. Despite clinical practice guidelines recommending that mental health services routinely provide care to address these risk behaviours, the provision of such care is consistently reported to be low internationally and in Australia...
June 15, 2017: Trials
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