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Healthy Nutrition and Chronic Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525439/evaluation-of-community-based-policy-systems-and-environment-interventions-targeting-the-vending-machines
#1
Kristen M Garcia, Whitney R Garney, Kristin M Primm, Kenneth R McLeroy
The American Heart Association conducted policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) focused interventions to increase healthy vending in 8 communities. PSE interventions were assessed using the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey Vending Assessment to see changes in the food environment. Baseline and follow-up assessments were conducted with 3 settings and a total of 19 machines. PSE changes resulted in increased availability of healthy options and decreased unhealthy options. Implementation of PSE interventions targeting the food environment can be an effective method of providing increased access to healthy foods and beverages with the goal of increasing consumption to decrease chronic diseases...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523046/healthy-lifestyle-behavior-of-employees-in-small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-aydin-turkey
#2
Safiye Ozvurmaz, Aliye Mandiracioglu
OBJECTIVE: To determine healthy lifestyle behavior and affecting risk factors in workers at small and medium-sized enterprises from four different sectors in Aydin, Turkey. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at four different small and medium-sized enterprises in Aydin, Turkey and 264 employees participated in the study. A questionnaire was used for data collection. It consisted of questions about socio-demographic features (age, gender, marital status, education, perceived income, occupation and having children), health status, and medical history, medication use, having occupational accidents and occupational health and safety...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505087/the-effect-of-diet-on-the-survival-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
REVIEW
Jacek Rysz, Beata Franczyk, Aleksandra Ciałkowska-Rysz, Anna Gluba-Brzózka
The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is high and it is gradually increasing. Individuals with CKD should introduce appropriate measures to hamper the progression of kidney function deterioration as well as prevent the development or progression of CKD-related diseases. A kidney-friendly diet may help to protect kidneys from further damage. Patients with kidney damage should limit the intake of certain foods to reduce the accumulation of unexcreted metabolic products and also to protect against hypertension, proteinuria and other heart and bone health problems...
May 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495005/developing-a-ubiquitous-health-management-system-with-healthy-diet-control-for-metabolic-syndrome-healthcare-in-taiwan
#4
Yao-Chiang Kan, Kai-Hong Chen, Hsueh-Chun Lin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Self-management in healthcare can allow patients managing their health data anytime and everywhere for prevention of chronic diseases. This study established a prototype of ubiquitous health management system (UHMS) with healthy diet control (HDC) for people who need services of metabolic syndrome healthcare in Taiwan. METHODS: System infrastructure comprises of three portals and a database tier with mutually supportive components to achieve functionality of diet diaries, nutrition guides, and health risk assessments for self-health management...
June 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445896/total-serum-antioxidant-capacity-in-healthy-normal-weight-and-asymptomatic-overweight-adults
#5
Ana Petelin, Paola Tedeschi, Annalisa Maietti, Mihaela Jurdana, Vincenzo Brandolini, Zala Jenko Pražnikar
Obesity and overweight are major contributors to the burden of chronic disease. Both are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation and by increased production of free radicals leading to oxidative stress. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether overweight and fat accumulation is associated with serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in men and women, irrespective of nutritional habits, nutrient intakes, physical activity, smoking, and other confounders, which may be responsible for modifying the association between serum TAC and overweight/obesity measures...
April 26, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443253/bone-modeling-remodeling-and-skeletal-health-in-children-and-adolescents-mineral-accrual-assessment-and-treatment
#6
REVIEW
Chiara Maggioli, Stefano Stagi
The modeling and remodeling process of the bone is fundamental to maintaining its integrity and mechanical properties. Many physical and biochemical factors during childhood and adolescence are crucially important for the development of healthy bones. Systemic conditions, such as hormonal status, nutrition, physical inactivity, or many pharmacological treatments, as well as a local variation in the load, can influence bone turnover and, consequently, the attainment of a proper peak bone mass. However, many diseases affecting children and adolescents can be associated with a reduction in bone accrual or a loss of bone mass and quality, which leads to an increased risk of fracture over one's life...
March 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436099/review-of-nutrition-guidelines-relevant-for-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#7
REVIEW
Zohra S Lassi, Tarab Mansoor, Rehana A Salam, Shereen Z Bhutta, Jai K Das, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
The economic and social well-being of any country will one day depend on its current adolescent population. To provide a good foundation for healthy adolescent development, healthy diet, along with physical activity and adequate nutrients, is necessary. Therefore, addressing the nutrition needs of adolescents could be an important step toward breaking the vicious cycle of intergenerational malnutrition, chronic diseases, and poverty. These problems could be addressed with timely recognition and appropriately delivered interventions...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434208/dietary-interventions-for-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
REVIEW
Suetonia C Palmer, Jasjot K Maggo, Katrina L Campbell, Jonathan C Craig, David W Johnson, Bernadet Sutanto, Marinella Ruospo, Allison Tong, Giovanni Fm Strippoli
BACKGROUND: Dietary changes are routinely recommended in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on the basis of randomised evidence in the general population and non-randomised studies in CKD that suggest certain healthy eating patterns may prevent cardiovascular events and lower mortality. People who have kidney disease have prioritised dietary modifications as an important treatment uncertainty. OBJECTIVES: This review evaluated the benefits and harms of dietary interventions among adults with CKD including people with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) treated with dialysis or kidney transplantation...
April 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416368/nutritional-management-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-review-study
#9
REVIEW
Zeinab Faghfoori, Siavash Fazelian, Mahdi Shadnoush, Reza Goodarzi
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, which leads to reproductive, hormonal and metabolic abnormalities. Due to the presence of insulin resistance, PCOS increases the risk of chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes, hypertension, lipid disorders, cardiovascular diseases and malignancies such as breast and endometrial cancer. The actual cause of this syndrome is unknown but environmental factors such as dietary habits play an important role in prevention and treatment and lifestyle modifications are the most important therapeutic strategies in these patients...
April 5, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412644/an-association-of-health-behaviors-with-depression-and-metabolic-risks-data-from-2007-to-2014-u-s-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#10
Ying Liu, Ifeoma D Ozodiegwu, Yang Yu, Rick Hess, Ronghai Bie
BACKGROUND: Both depression and metabolic syndrome (MetS) confer an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease. Accumulating evidence suggests healthy behaviors are crucial to maintain, improve and manage chronical disease and mental health; and unhealthy diet and sedentary behavior were found two major risk factors of MetS. The objective of this study was to investigate whether health behaviors (alcohol consumption, smoking, diet and recreational physical activity) are associated with depression and metabolic syndrome simultaneously...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412519/vitamin-d-signaling-in-intestinal-innate-immunity-and-homeostasis
#11
REVIEW
Vassil Dimitrov, John H White
The lumen of the gut hosts a plethora of microorganisms that participate in food assimilation, inactivation of harmful particles and in vitamin synthesis. On the other hand, enteric flora, a number of food antigens, and toxins are capable of triggering immune responses causing inflammation, which, when unresolved, may lead to chronic conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is important, therefore, to contain the gut bacteria within the lumen, control microbial load and composition, as well as ensure adequate innate and adaptive immune responses to pathogenic threats...
April 12, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394274/vegetarian-diet-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-friend-or-foe
#12
REVIEW
Anna Gluba-Brzózka, Beata Franczyk, Jacek Rysz
Healthy diet is highly important, especially in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Proper nutrition provides the energy to perform everyday activities, prevents infection, builds muscle, and helps to prevent kidney disease from getting worse. However, what does a proper diet mean for a CKD patient? Nutrition requirements differ depending on the level of kidney function and the presence of co-morbid conditions, including hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The diet of CKD patients should help to slow the rate of progression of kidney failure, reduce uremic toxicity, decrease proteinuria, maintain good nutritional status, and lower the risk of kidney disease-related secondary complications (cardiovascular disease, bone disease, and hypertension)...
April 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374726/-the-association-between-physical-inactivity-and-other-behavioural-risk-factors-of-the-development-of-chronic-non-communicative-diseases-among-the-students
#13
A P Anishchenko, A N Arkhangel'skaya, D A Pustovalov, E V Rogoznaya, A L Urakov, K G Gurevich
AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the possible association between the physical inactivity and other behavioural risk factors of the development of chronic non- communicable diseases among the young persons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 216 1-2 grade students at the mean age of 18.8±1.3 years including 136 women and 80 men educated at A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State Medical Stomatological University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, were recruited for the examination...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356880/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-7-13-years-old-children-from-vojvodina-serbia
#14
Darko D Dželajlija, Slavica S Spasić, Jelena M Kotur-Stevuljevic, Nataša B Bogavac-Stanojevic
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease which starts early in life and depends on many factors, an important one being dyslipoproteinemia. According to several studies, atherosclerotic plaques or their precursors could be seen in children younger than 10 years. During later life, interaction with a sedentary way of life, as well as unhealthy nutrition, smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity and family history of cardiovascular disease cause the burden of atherosclerotic disease...
September 2016: Journal of Medical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348466/handgrip-strength-as-an-important-bed-side-tool-to-assess-malnutrition-in-patient-with-liver-disease
#15
Praveen Sharma, Abdul Rauf, Abdul Matin, Rachit Agarwal, Pankaj Tyagi, Anil Arora
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is frequently present in patients with cirrhosis. Anthropometric measures such as body mass index (BMI), mid arm muscle circumference (MAMC), triceps skin fold thickness (TST) and subjective global assessment (SGA) have some limitations in assessment of malnutrition. This study aims to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in non-hospitalized cirrhotic and chronic hepatitis patients and to assess handgrip (HG) strength as a tool for identifying malnutrition...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329253/a-modified-healthy-aging-index-and-its-association-with-mortality-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2002
#16
Chenkai Wu, Ellen Smit, Jason L Sanders, Anne B Newman, Michelle C Odden
Background: Comorbidity indices that are based on clinically recognized disease do not capture the full spectrum of health. The Healthy Aging Index (HAI) was recently developed to describe a wider range of health and disease across multiple organ systems. We characterized the distribution of a modified HAI (mHAI) by sociodemographics in a representative sample of the U.S. population. We also examined the association of the mHAI with mortality across individuals with different levels of clinically recognizable comorbidities...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290296/the-acute-impact-of-the-intake-of-four-types-of-bread-on-satiety-and-blood-concentrations-of-glucose-insulin-free-fatty-acids-triglyceride-and-acylated-ghrelin-a-randomized-controlled-cross-over-trial
#17
S Bo, M Seletto, A Choc, V Ponzo, A Lezo, A Demagistris, A Evangelista, G Ciccone, M Bertolino, M Cassader, R Gambino
The purpose of the present study is to compare the effects of four different breads (one commercial par-baked wheat bread, three sourdough breads prepared with commercial wheat flour, organic wheat flour, organic einkorn flour) in 16 healthy subjects. The primary outcome of this randomized cross-over trial was evaluating intra-individual changes in glycemic areas-under-the-curve (AUCs) after 50g carbohydrate portions of each bread; secondary outcomes were changes in insulin, fatty free acids (FFA), triglyceride, acylated ghrelin and satiety AUCs...
February 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285641/effectiveness-of-essential-amino-acid-supplementation-in-stimulating-whole-body-net-protein-anabolism-is-comparable-between-copd-patients-and-healthy-older-adults
#18
Renate Jonker, Nicolaas Ep Deutz, Marcia L Erbland, Paula J Anderson, Mariëlle Pkj Engelen
BACKGROUND: The development of effective nutritional strategies in support of muscle growth for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains challenging. Dietary essential amino acids (EAAs) are the main driver of postprandial net protein anabolism. In agreement, EAA supplements in healthy older adults are more effective than supplements with the composition of complete proteins. In patients with COPD it is still unknown whether complete protein supplements can be substituted with only EAAs, and whether they are as effective as in healthy older adults...
April 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270210/understanding-and-acceptability-by-hispanic-consumers-of-four-front-of-pack-food-labels
#19
Vanessa De la Cruz-Góngora, Pilar Torres, Alejandra Contreras-Manzano, Alejandra Jáuregui de la Mota, Verónica Mundo-Rosas, Salvador Villalpando, Guadalupe Rodríguez-Oliveros
BACKGROUND: Front-of-pack food labels (FOPL) can help consumers make healthy and informed food choices. FOPL are used in the food market but evaluations of their understanding and acceptability are scanty. This study aimed to explore the subjective understanding and acceptability of four FOPL among Hispanic consumers. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in six States of Mexico, in 18 urban elementary schools. A purposive sample of 135 parents of fifth-grade children was selected...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261383/malnutrition-negatively-impacts-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-cirrhosis-an-observational-study
#20
Gabriela Rojas-Loureiro, Alfredo Servín-Caamaño, Elizabeth Pérez-Reyes, Luis Servín-Abad, Fátima Higuera-de la Tijera
AIM: To verify how malnutrition is related to health-related quality of life (HRQL) impairment in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: Data was retrospectively abstracted from medical records and obtained by direct interview. We included patients with cirrhosis from any etiology, evaluated at the Liver Clinic from Gastroenterology Department in a tertiary healthcare center, from June 2014 to June 2016. Child-Pugh score, data about complications, and demographic, clinical and anthropometric characteristics of patients were obtained...
February 18, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
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