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Healthy Nutrition and Chronic Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899799/population-health-based-approaches-to-utilizing-digital-technology-a-strategy-for-equity
#1
Garth N Graham, MaryLynn Ostrowski, Alyse B Sabina
Health care disparities and high chronic disease rates burden many communities and disproportionally impact racial/ethnic populations in the United States. These disparities vary geographically, increase health care expenses, and result in shortened lifespans. Digital technologies may be one tool for addressing health disparities and improving population health by increasing individuals' access to health information-especially as most low-income U.S. residents gain access to smartphones. The Aetna Foundation partners with organizations to use digital technologies, including mobile applications, data collection, and related platforms, for learning and sharing...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895819/nutrition-insulin-resistance-and-dysfunctional-adipose-tissue-determine-the-different-components-of-metabolic-syndrome
#2
REVIEW
Juan Antonio Paniagua
Obesity is an excessive accumulation of body fat that may be harmful to health. Today, obesity is a major public health problem, affecting in greater or lesser proportion all demographic groups. Obesity is estimated by body mass index (BMI) in a clinical setting, but BMI reports neither body composition nor the location of excess body fat. Deaths from cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes accounted for approximately 65% of all deaths, and adiposity and mainly abdominal adiposity are associated with all these disorders...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895066/protocol-of-the-swiss-longitudinal-cohort-study-swicos-in-rural-switzerland
#3
Andreas W Schoenenberger, Franco Muggli, Gianfranco Parati, Augusto Gallino, Georg Ehret, Paolo M Suter, Renate Schoenenberger-Berzins, Therese J Resink, Paul Erne
INTRODUCTION: Increased longevity and consequent major changes in demographics and population lifestyles necessitate new approaches to reduce the burden of ageing-related diseases (including cardiovascular disease) and maintain an optimal quality of life. This study aims to examine and longitudinally follow health status and disease risk factors in a Swiss rural cohort, evaluating all health-related research and practice disciplines to assure development of new implementable and successful preventive strategies for healthy ageing...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890988/variability-in-proteinase-antiproteinase-balance-nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life-in-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-due-to-tobacco-and-nontobacco-etiology
#4
Anant Mohan, Mini Sharma, Arvind Uniyal, Rajlaxmi Borah, Kalpana Luthra, R M Pandey, Karan Madan, Vijay Hadda, Randeep Guleria
CONTEXT: Although the role of proteinase/antiproteinase imbalance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) due to tobacco is well established, information in COPD due to nontobacco etiology is sparse. AIMS: To assess the variability in metalloproteinase activity in COPD related to tobacco and nontobacco causes. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a hospital-based, prospective, observational study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Serum matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) were estimated in 200 subjects divided equally into four groups, i...
November 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879689/determinants-health-problems-and-food-insecurity-in-urban-areas-of-the-largest-city-in-cape-verde
#5
Isabel Craveiro, Daniela Alves, Miguel Amado, Zélia Santos, Argentina Tomar Fortes, António Pedro Delgado, Artur Correia, Luzia Gonçalves
Urbanization processes are intertwined with nutritional transition because there is easier access to food of low nutritional quality at reduced prices, changing dietary patterns and leading to an increase of non-communicable chronic diseases. This study aims to understand the perceptions for high blood pressure, obesity, and alcoholism, describing some interactions of these dimensions in the problem of food security in the city of Praia. A qualitative study was carried out under the framework of the research project "UPHI-STAT: Urban Planning and Health Inequalities-moving from macro to micro statistics"...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869525/oxidative-priority-meal-frequency-and-the-energy-economy-of-food-and-activity-implications-for-longevity-obesity-and-cardiometabolic-disease
#6
Raymond J Cronise, David A Sinclair, Andrew A Bremer
In most modern societies, the relationship that many individuals have with food has fundamentally changed from previous generations. People have shifted away from viewing food as primarily sustenance, and rather now seek out foods based on pure palatability or specific nutrition. However, it is far from clear what optimal nutrition is for the general population or specific individuals. We previously described the Food Triangle as a way to organize food based on an increasing energy density paradigm, and now expand on this model to predict the impact of oxidative priority and both nutrient and fiber density in relation to caloric load...
November 21, 2016: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856339/association-between-secondhand-smoke-and-glycemic-control-in-adult-diabetes-patients
#7
Dare Kim, Soo Choy Yoon, Eun-Cheol Park
Diabetes is a major chronic disease, and many studies have shown an association between diabetes with severe complications and certain causes of diabetes, including secondhand smoke. Smoking has been considered a significant issue around the world, and research has been conducted on its relationship with diseases including diabetes. However, previous studies have focused on the onset of diabetes, rather than glycemic control in patients with diabetes. Thus, this study aims to provide evidence of a relationship between secondhand smoke and glycemic control...
November 14, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845744/promoting-healthy-growth-or-feeding-obesity-the-need-for-evidence-based-oversight-of-infant-nutritional-supplement-claims
#8
Michelle Lampl, Amanda Mummert, Meriah Schoen
The Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) model recognizes growth in infancy and childhood as a fundamental determinant of lifespan health. Evidence of long-term health risks among small neonates who subsequently grow rapidly poses a challenge for interventions aiming to support healthy growth, not merely drive weight gain. Defining healthy growth beyond "getting bigger" is essential as infant and young child feeding industries expand. Liquid-based nutritional supplements, originally formulated for undernourished children, are increasingly marketed for and consumed by children generally...
November 12, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819131/overweight-and-obesity-versus-concentrations-of-vegf-a-svegfr-1-and-svegfr-2-in-plasma-of-patients-with-lower-limb-chronic-ischemia
#9
Radosław Wieczór, Anna Maria Wieczór, Grażyna Gadomska, Katarzyna Stankowska, Jacek Fabisiak, Karol Suppan, Grzegorz Pulkowski, Jacek Budzyński, Danuta Rość
OBJECTIVE: Being overweight or obese comprises a significant risk factor for atherosclerosis. Fat tissue also generates factors stimulating angiogenesis, the process by which new blood vessels form. The purpose of this paper is to assess concentrations of the vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) and its soluble type-1 and type-2 receptors (sVEGFR-1 and sVEGFR-2) in plasma of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) depending on the level of nutrition according to body mass index (BMI)...
2016: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810171/examining-the-proportion-of-dietary-phosphorus-from-plants-animals-and-food-additives-excreted-in-urine
#10
REVIEW
David E St-Jules, Ram Jagannathan, Lisa Gutekunst, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Mary Ann Sevick
Phosphorus bioavailability is an emerging topic of interest in the field of renal nutrition that has important research and clinical implications. Estimates of phosphorus bioavailability, based on digestibility, indicate that bioavailability of phosphorus increases from plants to animals to food additives. In this commentary, we examined the proportion of dietary phosphorus from plants, animals, and food additives excreted in urine from four controlled-feeding studies conducted in healthy adults and patients with chronic kidney disease...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806831/development-of-a-mediterranean-diet-score-adapted-to-japan-and-its-relation-to-obesity-risk
#11
Masao Kanauchi, Kimiko Kanauchi
BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet (MD) is well known as a healthy diet that protects against several chronic diseases. However, there is no appropriate and easy index to assess adherence to the MD pattern in Japan. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a novel instrument to measure MD adherence adapted to a Japanese diet and to examine its association with overweight/obesity risk. METHODS: A cross-sectional nutritional survey provided the data for construction of a novel MD score...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798521/state-level-farmers-market-activities-a-review-of-cdc-funded-state-public-health-actions-that-support-farmers-markets
#12
Sahra A Kahin, Demia S Wright, Anu Pejavara, Sonia A Kim
CONTEXT: Introducing farmers markets to underserved areas, or supporting existing farmers markets, can increase access and availability of fruits and vegetables and encourage healthy eating. Since 2003, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity (DNPAO) has provided guidance and funding to state health departments (SHDs) to support the implementation of interventions, including activities around farmers markets, to address healthy eating, and improve the access to and availability of fruits and vegetables at state and community levels...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798341/adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-have-poor-adherence-to-dietary-guidelines
#13
Fang Fang Zhang, Rohit P Ojha, Kevin R Krull, Todd M Gibson, Lu Lu, Jennifer Lanctot, Wassim Chemaitilly, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson
BACKGROUND: Poor nutritional intake can exacerbate the chronic disease burden in childhood cancer survivors, whereas a healthful diet serves a protective function. Few studies have provided detailed evaluations of the diet of childhood cancer survivors. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate diet quality and dietary intakes of key food groups and nutrients in a large cohort of childhood cancer survivors and whether cancer and treatment characteristics have an impact on survivors' long-term intake...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774887/lipoprotein-subfractions-uric-acid-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-end-stage-renal-disease-esrd-patients
#14
Anna Gluba-Brzózka, Beata Franczyk, Piotr Bartnicki, Magdalena Rysz-Górzyńska, Jacek Rysz
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) poses a worldwide public health problem. CKD is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the cardiovascular risk in ESRD patients and to evaluate the relationship between serum uric acid and lipoprotein subfractions. METHODS: The study group consisted of 66 patients on dialysis and control group of 25 healthy volunteers. Concentration of HDL and LDL subfractions were analysed with Lipoprint™...
October 21, 2016: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769183/role-of-low-protein-diet-in-management-of-different-stages-of-chronic-kidney-disease-practical-aspects
#15
Bharat V Shah, Zamurrud M Patel
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem and more so in India. With limited availability and high cost of therapy, barely 10 % of patients with incident end stage renal disease (ESRD) cases get treatment in India. Therefore, all possible efforts should be made to retard progression of CKD. This article reviews the role of low protein diet (LPD) in management of CKD subjects and suggests how to apply it in clinical practice. DISCUSSION: The role of LPD in retarding progression of CKD is well established in animal experimental studies...
October 21, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754287/br-07-2-the-linking-in-the-human-observational-and-clinical-study
#16
Peter Nilsson
A number of chronic disease conditions tend to cluster in families with an increased risk in first-degree relatives, but also an increased risk in second-degree relatives. This fact is most often referred to as the heritability (heredity) of these diseases and explained by the influence of genetic factors, or shared environment, even if the more specific details or mechanism leading to disease are not known. New methods have to be explored in screening studies and register linkage studies to define and measure consequences of a positive family history of disease...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750075/urbanization-socioeconomic-status-and-health-disparity-in-china
#17
Jia Miao, Xiaogang Wu
While urbanization is associated with a wide range of human welfare outcomes, its impacts on population health are much less obvious. This article aims to investigate how rapid urbanization in contemporary China affects health, and how it shapes health disparities between groups of different socioeconomic status (SES). Using data from eight waves of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) spanning a period of 20 years from 1991 to 2011, we examine the confounding effects of urbanization on health and the income-health relationship and explore the underlying mechanism...
November 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745893/nutrition-advice-provided-by-general-practice-registrars-an-investigation-using-patient-scenarios
#18
J Crowley, L Ball, C Wall
BACKGROUND: Nutrition is recognized as a strong factor influencing the health outcomes of patients with chronic disease. General practitioners (GPs) require nutrition knowledge and skills to support patients to have healthy dietary behaviours. OBJECTIVE: To investigate New Zealand GP registrars' provision of nutrition advice using patient scenarios. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design targeted GP registrars to investigate the nutrition care they provided to patients...
November 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745589/nutrition-for-the-prevention-of-chronic-diseases
#19
Ruth W Kimokoti, Barbara E Millen
Chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States and globally, and are attributable largely to poor nutrition and suboptimal lifestyle behaviors. The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans promote healthy eating and lifestyle patterns across the lifespan to reduce risk of NCDs. Physicians are well positioned to provide lifestyle preventive interventions that are personalized to their patients' biological needs and cultural preferences through multidisciplinary team activities or referral to professional nutrition and physical activity experts...
November 2016: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730738/adding-self-management-of-chronic-conditions-to-fall-prevention-a-feasibility-study
#20
Birgit Maria Wurzer, Debra Lynn Waters, Linda Robertson, Beatrice Hale, Leigh Anne Hale
OBJECTIVE: Assess feasibility and impact of adding a long-term condition self-management program (Living a Healthy Life, LHL) into Steady as You Go (SAYGO) fall prevention exercise classes. METHOD: Four-day LHL leader training workshop to deliver six weekly program. Focus groups explored feasibility and acceptability. Chronic disease self-efficacy, balance confidence, health behaviours and status were measured at 6 weeks, 3, 6 and 12 months. RESULTS: Four leaders and 17 participants volunteered...
October 12, 2016: Australasian Journal on Ageing
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