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Healthy Nutrition and Chronic Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785797/relationship-between-handgrip-strength-and-pulmonary-function-in-apparently-healthy-older-women
#1
Da-Hye Son, Ji-Won Yoo, Mi-Ra Cho, Yong-Jae Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between handgrip strength and pulmonary function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of older Korean women. SETTING: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling women aged 65 and older without chronic diseases or pulmonary disease (N=605). MEASUREMENTS: Handgrip strength was measured using a digital hand dynamometer, and pulmonary function was tested according to guidelines of the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society using a spirometry system...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749015/usual-energy-and-macronutrient-intakes-in-a-large-sample-of-iranian-middle-aged-and-elderly-populations
#2
Zahra Heidari, Awat Feizi, Leila Azadbakht, Noushin Mohammadifard, Maryam Maghroun, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
AIM: The present study aimed to assess the usual distribution of energy and macronutrient intake among a large representative sample of Iranian healthy middle-aged and elderly people. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a second follow-up survey of the Isfahan Cohort Study (ICS) was carried out; 1922 people aged 40 years and older were investigated. Dietary intakes were collected using 24-hour recall and two or more consecutive food records. Distribution of energy and macronutrient intake was estimated using traditional and National Cancer Institute (NCI) methods...
May 10, 2018: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739846/childhood-obesity-dental-hygienists-beliefs-attitudes-and-barriers-to-patient-education
#3
Doreen Dawn M Cole, Linda D Boyd, Jared Vineyard, Lori J Giblin-Scanlon
Purpose: Increasing childhood obesity rates present a significant threat to public health. The purpose of this study was to explore dental hygienists' (DH) beliefs, attitudes, knowledge, current practices, and barriers for assessing and educating patients about childhood obesity. Methods: A random sample of DHs (n=13,357) was selected and emailed a link to the validated survey. Of the 1046 respondents who accessed the survey, 919 completed the survey for a completion rate of 89%. Results: A majority of the respondents understood the risk of chronic disease and obesity (99%), role sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) play as added sugar content in the diet (76%), and the amount of SSBs consumed by youth (91%)...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734674/a-cross-disciplinary-successful-aging-intervention-and-evaluation-comparison-of-person-to-person-and-digital-assisted-approaches
#4
Hui-Chuan Hsu, Tsuann Kuo, Ju-Ping Lin, Wei-Chung Hsu, Chia-Wen Yu, Yen-Cheng Chen, Wan-Zhen Xie, Wei-Chiang Hsu, Ya-Lan Hsu, Mu-Ting Yu
Background : Successful aging has been the paradigm of old-age life. The purpose of this study was to implement and evaluate a cross-disciplinary intervention program using two approaches for community-based older adults in Taichung, Taiwan. Methods : The content of the intervention included successful aging concepts and preparation, physical activity, chronic disease and health management, dietary and nutrition information, cognitive training, emotional awareness and coping skills, family relationship and resilience, legal concepts regarding financial protection, and Internet use...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729168/changes-in-cholecystokinin-level-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-on-the-background-of-type-ii-diabetes
#5
Yelyzaveta S Sirchak, Mykhailo P Stan, Valeria V Brych
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The question of the combination and combined influence of the gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and many other chronic diseases of internal medicine, including diabetes, have not been studied enough. The aim: To investigate the changes in cholecystokinin (CCK) levels in blood serum of patients with GERD on the background of type II diabetes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: On the basis of the propaedeutics of internal diseases department of the medical faculty of the SHEI "UzhNU" during the period of 2016 - 2017, 48 patients were examined for type II diabetes with GERD (main group: group I)...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727610/in-defense-of-sugar-a-critique-of-diet-centrism
#6
REVIEW
Edward Archer
Sugars are foundational to biological life and played essential roles in human evolution and dietary patterns for most of recorded history. The simple sugar glucose is so central to human health that it is one of the World Health Organization's Essential Medicines. Given these facts, it defies both logic and a large body of scientific evidence to claim that sugars and other nutrients that played fundamental roles in the substantial improvements in life- and health-spans over the past century are now suddenly responsible for increments in the prevalence of obesity and chronic non-communicable diseases...
May 1, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726691/chronic-health-disparities-among-refugee-and-immigrant-children-in-canada
#7
Ginny Lane, Marwa Farag, Judy White, Christine Nisbet, Hassan Vatanparast
There are knowledge gaps related to understanding the development of chronic disease risks in children, especially with regards to risk differentials experienced by immigrants and refugees. The Healthy Immigrant Children study employed a mixed-methods cross-sectional study design to characterize the health and nutritional status of 300 immigrant and refugee children aged 3-13 who had been in Canada for less than five years. We collected quantitative data on socio-economic status, food security, physical activity, diet, bone and body composition, and anthropometric measurements...
May 4, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679395/placental-adaptations-to-micronutrient-dysregulation-in-the-programming-of-chronic-disease
#8
Pierre Hofstee, Daniel McKeating, Anthony V Perkins, James S M Cuffe
Poor nutrition during pregnancy is known to impair foetal development and increase the risk of chronic disease in offspring. Both macronutrients and micronutrients are required for a healthy pregnancy although significantly less is understood about the role of micronutrients in the programming of chronic disease. This is despite the fact that modern calorie rich diets are often also deficient in key micronutrients. The importance of micronutrients in gestational disorders is clearly understood but how they impact long term disease in humans requires further investigation...
April 21, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677164/the-mediating-role-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-the-prospective-association-between-overall-dietary-quality-and-healthy-aging
#9
Karen E Assmann, Indunil Ruhunuhewa, Moufidath Adjibade, Zhen Li, Raphaëlle Varraso, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to quantify to what extent the association between adherence to the French nutritional recommendations at midlife, measured by the Programme National Nutrition Santé-Guideline Score (PNNS-GS), and healthy aging (HA) is mediated by body mass index (BMI) status. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2249 participants of the French 'Supplementation with Vitamins and Mineral Antioxidants' (SU.VI.MAX-'SUpplémentation en VItamines et Minéraux AntioXydants') cohort...
April 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624617/reference-values-for-hand-grip-strength-in-the-south-korean-population
#10
Chung Reen Kim, Young-Jee Jeon, Moon Chan Kim, Taeheum Jeong, Woo Ram Koo
OBJECTIVE: To establish reference values for hand grip strength (HGS) in a healthy Korean population and to identify the dependent anthropometric variables that affect HGS. METHODS: Based on the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2014 to 2015, we analyzed the HGS data of 7,969 South Koreans. Individuals with specific chronic diseases and who reported poor subjective health status were excluded to ensure a healthy population sample...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609589/food-beliefs-and-practices-in-urban-poor-communities-in-accra-implications-for-health-interventions
#11
Sandra Boatemaa, Delali Margaret Badasu, Ama de-Graft Aikins
BACKGROUND: Poor communities in low and middle income countries are reported to experience a higher burden of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and nutrition-related NCDs. Interventions that build on lay perspectives of risk are recommended. The objective of this study was to examine lay understanding of healthy and unhealthy food practices, factors that influence food choices and the implications for developing population health interventions in three urban poor communities in Accra, Ghana...
April 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605673/high-fat-diet-exacerbates-early-psoriatic-skin-inflammation-independent-of-obesity-saturated-fatty-acids-as-key-players
#12
Diana Herbert, Sandra Franz, Yulia Popkova, Ulf Anderegg, Jürgen Schiller, Katharina Schwede, Axel Lorz, Jan C Simon, Anja Saalbach
In obesity, hypertrophic adipocytes secret high amounts of adipocytokines resulting in low-grade inflammation- amplified by infiltrating pro-inflammatory macrophages, oxidative stress, hypoxia and lipolysis. It is known, that these chronic pro-inflammatory conditions support the development of type II diabetes and cardio vascular diseases, while mechanisms of obesity-related exacerbation of inflammatory skin disorders like psoriasis are unclear. In this study, we uncover nutritional saturated fatty acids (SFAs) as major risk factors for the amplification of skin inflammation, independent of obesity-related parameters, like fat mass extension, adipocytokines and glucose homeostasis...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600354/nutritional-profile-of-patients-with-chronic-inflammatory-diseases-in-the-age-of-biologicals
#13
Gabriela Piovezani Ramos, Thelma Skare, Odery Ramos Junior, Estela Rabito, Elise O Tanaami, Alessandra M Stefani, Renato Nisihara
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) has an important role in the body composition of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Crohn's disease (CD), and spondyloarthritis (SpA). We aimed to assess the nutritional profile of patients with RA, CD, and SpA undergoing remission with multiple therapies comparing to controls and to analyze the effect of anti-TNFα medications in the nutritional parameters of these patients. One hundred thirty-one patients were included: 44 with RA, 43 with CD, and 44 with SpA. Patients receiving anti-TNFα were compared with those receiving non-biological treatment as well as to controls...
March 29, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573851/the-use-of-multivitamin-multimineral-supplements-a-modified-delphi-consensus-panel-report
#14
REVIEW
Jeffrey B Blumberg, Hellas Cena, Susan I Barr, Hans Konrad Biesalski, Ricardo Uauy Dagach, Brendan Delaney, Balz Frei, Manuel Ignacio Moreno González, Nahla Hwalla, Ronette Lategan-Potgieter, Helene McNulty, Jolieke C van der Pols, Pattanee Winichagoon, Duo Li
PURPOSE: Evidence supporting the use of dietary supplements, in particular, multivitamin/multimineral supplements (MVMS), has been mixed, complicating the ability of health care professionals to recommend their use. To clarify the role that MVMS can play in supporting human health, a series of consensus statements was developed based on expert opinion. METHODS: A panel of 14 international experts in nutritional science and health care was convened to develop consensus statements related to using MVMS in supporting optimal human health...
March 21, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565819/protein-amino-acid-metabolism-disarrangements-the-hidden-enemy-of-chronic-age-related-conditions
#15
REVIEW
Evasio Pasini, Giovanni Corsetti, Roberto Aquilani, Claudia Romano, Anna Picca, Riccardo Calvani, Francesco Saverio Dioguardi
Proteins are macro-molecules crucial for cell life, which are made up of amino acids (AAs). In healthy people, protein synthesis and degradation are well balanced. However, in the presence of hypercatabolic stimulation (i.e., inflammation), protein breakdown increases as the resulting AAs are consumed for metabolic proposes. Indeed, AAs are biochemical totipotent molecules which, when deaminated, can be transformed into energy, lipids, carbohydrates, and/or biochemical intermediates of fundamental cycles, such as the Krebs' cycle...
March 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548789/building-healthy-communities-a-comprehensive-school-health-program-to-prevent-obesity-in-elementary-schools
#16
Erin E Centeio, Nate McCaughtry, E Whitney G Moore, Noel Kulik, Alex Garn, Jeffrey Martin, Bo Shen, Cheryl L Somers, Mariane Fahlman
Obesity among children is highly prevalent and can lead to risk factors for chronic disease in adulthood. Key organizations have called on schools to play a larger role by increasing children's physical activity and nutrition by adopting an overall culture of health. This study examined the impact of a socioecological theory driven school-wide nutrition and physical activity intervention on 5th graders' central adiposity and obesity level. In 2015-2016, in the Midwest region of U.S., four treatment and two control schools, including 628 (377 treatment) 5th grade children participated in an eight-month intervention...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546305/the-inflammatory-potential-of-the-diet-at-midlife-is-associated-with-later-healthy-aging-in-french-adults
#17
Karen E Assmann, Moufidath Adjibade, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Michael D Wirth, Mathilde Touvier, Tasnime Akbaraly, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Chantal Julia, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
Background: While low-grade chronic inflammation has been suggested as a major modulator of healthy aging (HA), no study has yet investigated the link between the inflammatory potential of the diet and multidimensional concepts of HA. Objective: We aimed to evaluate the association between the inflammatory potential of the diet at midlife, as measured by the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), and HA assessed 13 y later. Methods: We analyzed data from 2796 participants in the French Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioxydants (SU...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537770/addition-of-food-group-equivalents-to-the-canadian-diet-history-questionnaire-ii-for-the-estimation-of-the-canadian-healthy-eating-index-2005
#18
Maria McInerney, Vikki Ho, Anita Koushik, Isabelle Massarelli, Isabelle Rondeau, Gavin R McCormack, Ilona Csizmadi
INTRODUCTION: Poor diet quality has been shown to increase the risk of common chronic diseases that can negatively impact quality of life and burden the healthcare system. Canada's Food Guide evidence-based recommendations provide dietary guidance aimed at increasing diet quality. Compliance with Canada's Food Guide can be assessed with the Canadian Healthy Eating Index (C-HEI), a diet quality score. The recently designed Canadian Diet History Questionnaire II (C-DHQ II), a comprehensive food frequency questionnaire could be used to estimate the C-HEI in Canadian populations with the addition of food group equivalents (representing Canada's Food Guide servings) to the C-DHQ II nutrient database...
March 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495340/dietary-approach-to-recurrent-or-chronic-hyperkalaemia-in-patients-with-decreased-kidney-function
#19
Adamasco Cupisti, Csaba P Kovesdy, Claudia D'Alessandro, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
Whereas the adequate intake of potassium is relatively high in healthy adults, i.e., 4.7 g per day, a dietary potassium restriction of usually less than 3 g per day is recommended in the management of patients with reduced kidney function, especially those who tend to develop hyperkalaemia including patients who are treated with angiotensin pathway modulators. Most potassium-rich foods are considered heart-healthy nutrients with high fibre, high anti-oxidant vitamins and high alkali content such as fresh fruits and vegetables; hence, the main challenge of dietary potassium management is to maintain high fibre intake and a low net fixed-acid load, because constipation and metabolic acidosis are per se major risk factors for hyperkalaemia...
February 25, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468012/the-use-of-nutritional-guidance-within-chiropractic-patient-management-a-survey-of-333-chiropractors-from-the-acorn-practice-based-research-network
#20
Mi Kyung Lee, Lyndon Amorin-Woods, Vincenzo Cascioli, Jon Adams
Background: Food consumption and nutritional status affect an individual's health throughout their life-course and an unhealthy diet is a major risk factor for the current global burden of chronic disease. The promotion of health and good nutrition through healthy eating requires the active involvement of all health professionals including chiropractors. This paper reports findings from the first nationally representative examination of the use of nutritional guidance within chiropractic patient management in Australia...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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