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Laura Denise Mendes da Silva, Mariana Gatto, Mariana Miziara de Abreu Teodoro, Marjorie de Assis Golim, Érika Alessandra Pelisson Nunes da Costa, Francilene Capel Tavares Carvalho, Daniela Ramos Rodrigues, Paulo Câmara Marques Pereira, Ângela Maria Victoriano de Campos Soares, Sueli Aparecida Calvi
Chagas disease (CD), caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi is a serious public health issue. Its evolution involves an acute stage, characterized by no specific symptoms, and the chronic stage during most individuals are asymptomatic, but about 30 to 40% of them become symptomatic presenting the cardiac or digestive disease. Host immune response mechanisms involved in symptomatic or asymptomatic chronic disease are not fully understood. The pro-inflammatory cytokines are crucial in host resistance. However, a fine control of this inflammatory process, by action of anti-inflammatory cytokines, is necessary to avoid tissue injury...
October 26, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
Daniele Rimini, Filippo Molinari, William Liboni, Marina Balbo, Roberta Darò, Erika Viotti, Isabel Fernandez
INTRODUCTION: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapeutic treatment resolving emotional distress caused by traumatic events. With EMDR, information processing is facilitated by eye movements (EM) during the recall of a traumatic memory (RECALL). The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of ocular movements of EMDR on the hemodynamics of the prefrontal cortex (PFC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two groups were recruited: a trial group (wEM) received a complete EMDR treatment, whereas a control group (woEM) received a therapy without EM...
2016: PloS One
Gleyce Moreno Barbosa, Eldio Gonçalves Dos Santos, Francielle Neves Carvalho Capella, Fortune Homsani, Carina de Pointis Marçal, Roberta Dos Santos Valle, Érika de Araújo Abi-Chacra, Lys Adriana Braga-Silva, Marcelo Henrique de Oliveira Sales, Inácio Domingos da Silva Neto, Venicio Feo da Veiga, André Luis Souza Dos Santos, Carla Holandino
Available treatments against human fungal pathogens present high levels of resistance, motivating the development of new antifungal therapies. In this context, the present work aimed to analyze direct electric current (DC) antifungal action, using an in vitro apparatus equipped with platinum electrodes. Candida albicans yeast cells were submitted to three distinct conditions of DC treatment (anodic flow-AF; electroionic flow-EIF; and cathodic flow-CF), as well as different charges, ranging from 0.03 to 2.40 C...
October 26, 2016: Bioelectromagnetics
Erika D Sears, Peter R Swiatek, Hechuan Hou, Kevin C Chung
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of insurance type on use of diagnostic testing, treatments, and the efficiency of care for patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. METHODS: The 2009 to 2013 Truven MarketScan Databases were used to identify adult patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. Insurance type was categorized as fee-for-service versus capitated managed care. Multivariable regression models were created to evaluate the relationship between insurance type and costs, number of visits, treatment, and electrodiagnostic study use, and controlling for demographic characteristics and comorbidities...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Martina Landini, Ivan Merelli, M Elisabetta Raggi, Nadia Galluccio, Francesca Ciceri, Arianna Bonfanti, Serena Camposeo, Angelo Massagli, Laura Villa, Erika Salvi, Daniele Cusi, Massimo Molteni, Luciano Milanesi, Anna Marabotti, Alessandra Mezzelani
Since involved in synaptic transmission and located on X-chromosome, neuroligins 3 and 4X have been studied as good positional and functional candidate genes for autism spectrum disorder pathogenesis, although contradictory results have been reported. Here, we performed a case-control study to assess the association between noncoding genetic variants in NLGN3 and NLGN4X genes and autism, in an Italian cohort of 202 autistic children analyzed by high-resolution melting. The results were first compared with data from 379 European healthy controls (1000 Genomes Project) and then with those from 1061 Italian controls genotyped by Illumina single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array 1M-duo...
October 22, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Erika Franzén, David Conradsson, Maria Hagströmer, Maria H Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Concerns about falling, a construct related to fear of falling, is increased in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and is recognized as a barrier for exercise, negatively affecting health-related quality of life and participation. AIM: To investigate modifiable factors associated with concerns about falling in elderly with mild-to-moderate PD. METHODS: Eighty-nine elderly (39 females, mean age 73 years) with mild-to-moderate PD were recruited...
October 2016: Brain and Behavior
Erika Lorraine Milam, Deborah Weinstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 22, 2016: Endeavour
Megan Johnson, Kenji Inaba, Saskya Byerly, Erika Falsgraf, Lydia Lam, Elizabeth Benjamin, Aaron Strumwasser, Jean-Stephane David, Demetrios Demetriades
Intraosseous (IO) needle placement is an alternative for patients with difficult venous access. The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine indications and outcomes associated with IO use at a Level 1 trauma center (January 2008-May 2015). Data points included demographics, time to insertion, intravenous (IV) access points, indications, infusions, hospital and intensive care unit length of stay, and mortality. Of 68 patients with IO insertion analyzed (63.2% blunt trauma, 29.4% penetrating trauma, and 7...
October 2016: American Surgeon
Krista Lundelin, Tuija Poussa, Seppo Salminen, Erika Isolauri
BACKGROUND: Societies worldwide are faced with a progressive increase in immune-mediated health problems such as allergic, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, as well as obesity. Perinatal administration of specific probiotic bacteria is an attractive approach in reducing the risk of these conditions, but long-term efficacy and safety data are lacking. The aim here was to evaluate the clinical benefit and long-term safety of specific probiotics administered during the perinatal period...
October 25, 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Eva Vidomanova, Peter Racay, Ivana Pilchova, Erika Halasova, Jozef Hatok
Glioblastoma (GB) is the most frequent and biologically the most aggressive primary brain tumor in adults. Standard treatment for newly diagnosed GB consists of surgical resection, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Resistance to therapy is a major obstacle, even with optimal treatment with a survival median of only 12-15 months. The heterogeneity and treatment response of GB makes this tumor type a challenging area of research. The aim of our study was to study the response of normal human astrocyte (HA) and human GB (T98G) cell lines to apoptosis inhibitors in vitro...
October 21, 2016: Oncology Reports
Massimo Alfano, Manuela Nebuloni, Raffaele Allevi, Pietro Zerbi, Erika Longhi, Roberta Lucianò, Irene Locatelli, Angela Pecoraro, Marco Indrieri, Chantal Speziali, Claudio Doglioni, Paolo Milani, Francesco Montorsi, Andrea Salonia
In the fields of biomaterials and tissue engineering simulating the native microenvironment is of utmost importance. As a major component of the microenvironment, the extracellular matrix (ECM) contributes to tissue homeostasis, whereas modifications of native features are associated with pathological conditions. Furthermore, three-dimensional (3D) geometry is an important feature of synthetic scaffolds favoring cell stemness, maintenance and differentiation. We analyzed the 3D structure, geometrical measurements and anisotropy of the ECM isolated from (i) human bladder mucosa (basal lamina and lamina propria) and muscularis propria; and, (ii) bladder carcinoma (BC)...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
David R Raleigh, Bryan Tomlin, Benedict Del Buono, Erika Roddy, Katherine Sear, Lennox Byer, Erin Felton, Anu Banerjee, Joseph Torkildson, David Samuel, Biljana Horn, Steve E Braunstein, Daphne A Haas-Kogan, Sabine Mueller
Pediatric embryonal brain tumor patients treated with craniospinal irradiation (CSI) are at risk for adverse effects, with greater severity in younger patients. Here we compare outcomes of CSI vs. high-dose chemotherapy (HD), stem cell transplant (SCT) and delayed CSI in newly diagnosed patients. Two hundred one consecutive patients treated for medulloblastoma (72 %), supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor (sPNET; 18 %) or pineoblastoma (10 %) at two institutions between 1988 and 2014 were retrospectively identified...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Cristen P Page, Alfred Reid, Catherine L Coe, Martha Carlough, Daryl Rosenbaum, Janalynn Beste, Blake Fagan, Erika Steinbacher, Geoffrey Jones, Warren P Newton
BACKGROUND : Implementation of the educational milestones benefits from mobile technology that facilitates ready assessments in the clinical environment. We developed a point-of-care resident evaluation tool, the Mobile Medical Milestones Application (M3App), and piloted it in 8 North Carolina family medicine residency programs. OBJECTIVE : We sought to examine variations we found in the use of the tool across programs and explored the experiences of program directors, faculty, and residents to better understand the perceived benefits and challenges of implementing the new tool...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Marek L Kowalski, Ignacio Ansotegui, Werner Aberer, Mona Al-Ahmad, Mubeccel Akdis, Barbara K Ballmer-Weber, Kirsten Beyer, Miguel Blanca, Simon Brown, Chaweewan Bunnag, Arnaldo Capriles Hulett, Mariana Castells, Hiok Hee Chng, Frederic De Blay, Motohiro Ebisawa, Stanley Fineman, David B K Golden, Tari Haahtela, Michael Kaliner, Connie Katelaris, Bee Wah Lee, Joanna Makowska, Ulrich Muller, Joaquim Mullol, John Oppenheimer, Hae-Sim Park, James Parkerson, Giovanni Passalacqua, Ruby Pawankar, Harald Renz, Franziska Rueff, Mario Sanchez-Borges, Joaquin Sastre, Glenis Scadding, Scott Sicherer, Pongsakorn Tantilipikorn, James Tracy, Vera van Kempen, Barbara Bohle, G Walter Canonica, Luis Caraballo, Maximiliano Gomez, Komei Ito, Erika Jensen-Jarolim, Mark Larche, Giovanni Melioli, Lars K Poulsen, Rudolf Valenta, Torsten Zuberbier
One of the major concerns in the practice of allergy is related to the safety of procedures for the diagnosis and treatment of allergic disease. Management (diagnosis and treatment) of hypersensitivity disorders involves often intentional exposure to potentially allergenic substances (during skin testing), deliberate induction in the office of allergic symptoms to offending compounds (provocation tests) or intentional application of potentially dangerous substances (allergy vaccine) to sensitized patients. These situations may be associated with a significant risk of unwanted, excessive or even dangerous reactions, which in many instances cannot be completely avoided...
2016: World Allergy Organization Journal
Erika Schmidt, Andrea C Schöpf, Erik Farin
Many desirable outcomes depend on good patient-physician communication. Patient-based perspectives of what constitutes competent communication behavior with physicians are needed for patient-oriented health care. Therefore it was our main aim to identify competent patient communication skills from the patient's perspective. We also wanted to reveal any differences in opinion among various groups (chronic ischemic heart disease, chronic low back pain, breast cancer). This study examined nine guideline-supported focus groups in rehabilitation centers...
October 24, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Sebastian T Soukup, Beate N Kohn, Erika Pfeiffer, Rolf Geisen, Manfred Metzler, Mirko Bunzel, Sabine E Kulling
The mycotoxins alternariol and alternariol-9-O-methyl ether have recently been reported to be extensively conjugated with glucose and malonyl glucose in tobacco suspension cells. However, only trace amounts of glucosylated conjugates were detected in tomatoes inoculated with Alternaria alternata in the present study. Instead, mostly sulfate conjugates were observed. In studies using cultures of A. alternata and incubations of alternariol and alternariol-9-O-methyl ether with tomato tissue in the absence of the fungus, it was clarified that sulfate conjugates were produced by the fungus, whereas tomato tissues converted alternariol and alternariol-9-O-methyl ether to glucosylated metabolites...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Fara Brasó-Maristany, Simone Filosto, Steven Catchpole, Rebecca Marlow, Jelmar Quist, Erika Francesch-Domenech, Darren A Plumb, Leila Zakka, Patrycja Gazinska, Gianmaria Liccardi, Pascal Meier, Albert Gris-Oliver, Maggie Chon U Cheang, Anna Perdrix-Rosell, Manar Shafat, Elodie Noël, Nirmesh Patel, Kristen McEachern, Maurizio Scaltriti, Pau Castel, Farzana Noor, Richard Buus, Sumi Mathew, Johnathan Watkins, Violeta Serra, Pierfrancesco Marra, Anita Grigoriadis, Andrew N Tutt
Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) have poor prognosis and lack targeted therapies. Here we identified increased copy number and expression of the PIM1 proto-oncogene in genomic data sets of patients with TNBC. TNBC cells, but not nonmalignant mammary epithelial cells, were dependent on PIM1 for proliferation and protection from apoptosis. PIM1 knockdown reduced expression of the anti-apoptotic factor BCL2, and dynamic BH3 profiling of apoptotic priming revealed that PIM1 prevents mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis in TNBC cell lines...
October 24, 2016: Nature Medicine
Henrieta Škovierová, Eva Vidomanová, Silvia Mahmood, Janka Sopková, Anna Drgová, Tatiana Červeňová, Erika Halašová, Ján Lehotský
Homocysteine (Hcy) is a sulfur-containing non-proteinogenic amino acid derived in methionine metabolism. The increased level of Hcy in plasma, hyperhomocysteinemia, is considered to be an independent risk factor for cardio and cerebrovascular diseases. However, it is still not clear if Hcy is a marker or a causative agent of diseases. More and more research data suggest that Hcy is an important indicator for overall health status. This review represents the current understanding of molecular mechanism of Hcy metabolism and its link to hyperhomocysteinemia-related pathologies in humans...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Cristóbal Couto, Ariel Schlaen, Mercedes Frick, Marina Khoury, Matilde Lopez, Erika Hurtado, Debra Goldstein
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcome and safety of adalimumab in patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease. METHODS: VKH patients treated with adalimumab seen at the University of Buenos Aires were reviewed. Main outcome measures were visual acuity, anterior segment inflammation, optic nerve inflammation (ONI), steroid sparing effect, number of immunosuppressives, and relapses. RESULTS: In total, 14 VKH patients, mean age 23.07 ± 8 years; median of adalimumab treatment 10 months, were analyzed...
October 24, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Almaz Dessie, Erika Constantine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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