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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314296/perfusion-ct-changes-in-liver-metastases-from-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-during-everolimus-treatment
#1
Mirko D'Onofrio, Sara Cingarlini, Silvia Ortolani, Stefano Crosara, Riccardo DE Robertis, Paola Vallerio, Elisabetta Grego, Valentina Ciaravino, Andrea Ruzzenente, Luca Landoni, Aldo Scarpa, Claudio Bassi, Giampaolo Tortora
AIM: To evaluate modifications of perfusional parameters assessed by perfusion computed tomography (P-CT) of liver metastases (LM) from pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) during everolimus treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with LMs from G1-2 PanNETs undergoing everolimus treatment between January 2013 and January 2015 were prospectively evaluated with P-CT at baseline, and after 2 and 4 months of therapy. Size, perfusion, blood volume (BV), peak enhancement intensity (PEI) and time to peak for each lesion were calculated...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301019/cytotoxicity-of-new-calcium-aluminate-cement-endobinder-containing-different-radiopacifiers
#2
Claudia Huck, Hernane da Silva Barud, Fernanda Gonçalves Basso, Carlos Alberto de Souza Costa, Josimeri Hebling, Lucas da Fonseca Roberti Garcia
This study aimed to evaluate the cytotoxicity of a calcium aluminate cement (EndoBinder) containing different radiopacifiers, Bi2O3, ZnO or ZrO2, compared with Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA). According to ISO 10993-12:2012 (E) recommendations, 0.2 g of each cement were applied in transwell inserts and placed in 24-well culture plates containing 1 mL of culture medium (DMEM). After 24 h of incubation, the extracts (DMEM containing components released from the cements) were applied to immortalized odontoblast-like MDPC-23 cells...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283892/a-review-of-the-ahmed-glaucoma-valve-implant-and-comparison-with-other-surgical-operations
#3
REVIEW
Ivano Riva, Gloria Roberti, Andreas Katsanos, Francesco Oddone, Luciano Quaranta
The Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) is a popular glaucoma drainage implant used for the control of intraocular pressure in patients with glaucoma. While in the past AGV implantation was reserved for glaucoma patients poorly controlled after one or more filtration procedures, mounting evidence has recently encouraged its use as a primary surgery in selected cases. AGV has been demonstrated to be safe and effective in reducing intraocular pressure in patients with primary or secondary refractory glaucoma. Compared to other glaucoma surgeries, AGV implantation has shown favorable efficacy and safety...
March 11, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274154/investigational-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-cervical-cancer
#4
Fabio Barra, Domenica Lorusso, Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Antonino Ditto, Giorgio Bogani, Francesco Raspagliesi, Simone Ferrero
Cervical cancer (CC) is currently the fourth most common malignant disease of women worldwide. Although the incidence and the mortality rates have been decreasing with screening detection and new treatment strategies, a significant number of metastatic or recurrent disease is still diagnosed. For those patients not amenable to curative treatments, such as surgery and radiation, palliative chemotherapy remains the standard of care. As chemotherapy regimens have limited activity, research is focalized on investigating novel pharmacologic strategies...
March 8, 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255226/ahmed-glaucoma-valve-implant-surgical-technique-and-complications
#5
REVIEW
Ivano Riva, Gloria Roberti, Francesco Oddone, Anastasios Gp Konstas, Luciano Quaranta
Implantation of Ahmed glaucoma valve is an effective surgical technique to reduce intraocular pressure in patients affected with glaucoma. While in the past, the use of this device was reserved to glaucoma refractory to multiple filtration surgical procedures, up-to-date mounting experience has encouraged its use also as a primary surgery for selected cases. Implantation of Ahmed glaucoma valve can be challenging for the surgeon, especially in patients who already underwent previous multiple surgeries. Several tips have to be acquired by the surgeon, and a long learning curve is always needed...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246552/decreased-tissue-cox5b-expression-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-during-sepsis-induced-kidney-injury-in-rats
#6
Jochen Hinkelbein, Lennert Böhm, Stefan Braunecker, Christoph Adler, Edoardo De Robertis, Fabrizio Cirillo
Background. Sepsis is defined as a life-threatening organ dysfunction due to a dysregulated host response to infection. Sepsis is the dominant cause of acute kidney injury (AKI), accounting for nearly 50% of episodes of acute renal failure. Signaling cascades and pathways within the kidney are largely unknown and analysis of these molecular mechanisms may enhance knowledge on pathophysiology and possible therapeutic options. Material and Methods. 26 male Wistar rats were assigned to either a sham group (control, N = 6) or sepsis group (N = 20; cecal ligature and puncture model, 24 and 48 hours after CLP)...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223182/minimally-invasive-surgical-staging-in-early-stage-ovarian-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Giorgio Bogani, Chiara Borghi, Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Antonino Ditto, Mauro Signorelli, Fabio Martinelli, Valentina Chiappa, Carlos Lopez, Ilaria Sabatucci, Cono Scaffa, Alice Indini, Simone Ferrero, Domenica Lorusso, Francesco Raspagliesi
Few studies investigated the efficacy and safety of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for the treatment of early stage epithelial ovarian cancer (eEOC). In this context, we aimed to review the current evidence comparing laparoscopy and laparotomic approach for staging procedures in eEOC This systematic review was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Review. Overall, 3,065 patients were included: 1,450 undergoing laparoscopy and 1,615 undergoing laparotomic staging. Patients undergoing laparoscopy experienced a longer (but not statistically significant) operative time (WMD: 28...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219597/combined-heart-and-kidney-transplantation-a-23-year-experience
#8
M Awad, L S C Czer, F Esmailian, S Jordan, M A De Robertis, J Mirocha, J Patel, D H Chang, M Kittleson, D Ramzy, F Arabia, J S Chung, J L Cohen, A Trento, J A Kobashigawa
BACKGROUND: We report clinical experience with combined heart and kidney transplantation (HKTx) over a 23-year time period. METHODS: From June 1992 to August 2015, we performed 83 combined HKTx procedures at our institution. We compared the more recent cohort of 53 HKTx recipients (group 2, March 2009 to August 2015) with the initial 30 previously reported HKTx recipients (group 1, June 1992 to February 2009). Pre-operative patient characteristics, peri-operative factors, and post-operative outcomes including survival were examined...
March 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219580/use-of-anti-thymocyte-globulin-for-induction-therapy-in-cardiac-transplantation-a-review
#9
V Ruan, L S C Czer, M Awad, M Kittleson, J Patel, F Arabia, F Esmailian, D Ramzy, J Chung, M De Robertis, A Trento, J A Kobashigawa
The most common causes of death after heart transplantation (HTx) include acute rejection and multi-organ failure in the early period and malignancy and cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) in the late period. Polyclonal antibody preparations such as rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) may reduce early acute rejection and the later occurrence of CAV after HTx. ATG therapy depletes T cells, modulates adhesion and cell-signaling molecules, interferes with dendritic cell function, and induces B-cell apoptosis and regulatory and natural killer T-cell expansion...
March 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213797/long-term-outcomes-of-tot-and-tvt-procedures-for-the-treatment-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Enrico Finazzi Agrò, Marco Soligo, Vincenzo Li Marzi, Alex Digesu, Maurizio Serati
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESES: One of the most relevant topics in the field of pelvic floor dysfunction treatment is the long-term efficacy of surgical procedures, in particular, the use of prosthesis. Hence, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the long-term effectiveness and safety of midurethral sling (MUS) procedures for stress urinary incontinence (SUI), as reported in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and non-randomised studies. METHODS: This systematic review is based on material searched and obtained via PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library between January 2000 and October 2016...
February 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203546/complex-robotic-correction-for-complex-degenerative-mitral-valve-disease
#11
REVIEW
Danny Ramzy, Joshua Chung, Wen Cheng, Michele A De Robertis, James Mirocha, Alfredo Trento
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183132/-i-aphis-i-species-hemiptera-aphididae-living-on-i-mulinum-i-apiaceae-in-south-america-with-a-description-of-a-new-species
#12
Sandra González Rodríguez, Paul A Brown, Jaime Ortego, Sara I López Ciruelos, Juan M Nieto Nafría
Aphis species living on the South American native genus Mulinum are studied. Aphis vurilocensis Nieto Nafría, Brown and López Ciruelos, sp. n. is described from apterous viviparous females. Alate viviparous females, oviparous females and winged males of Aphis roberti are described. Knowledge of intraspecific variability of apterous viviparous females of A. martinezi, A. paravanoi and A. roberti is developed. An identification key of apterous viviparous females of Aphis species living on Mulinum is presented...
January 3, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178576/the-association-of-pre-treatment-hpv-subtypes-with-recurrence-of-vin
#13
Giorgio Bogani, Fabio Martinelli, Antonino Ditto, Mauro Signorelli, Francesca Taverna, Claudia Lombardo, Valentina Chiappa, Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Dario Recalcati, Cono Scaffa, Stefania Perotto, Ilaria Sabatucci, Alice Indini, Domenica Lorusso, Francesco Raspagliesi
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether pre-treatment HPV types are associated with recurrence of high-grade vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN2+). STUDY DESIGN: Data of consecutive patients with pretreatment HPV DNA test undergoing treatment for VIN2+ were retrospectively collected. Risk factors promoting the risk of VIN2+ persistence and recurrence were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox hazard proportional models. RESULTS: 64 patients had pretreatment vulvar-vaginal HPV DNA test...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176617/progressive-multifocal-leukoencephalopathy-in-a-kidney-transplant-recipient
#14
Federico Cicora, Javier Roberti
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a debilitating and often fatal viral disease of the central nervous system. A 39-year-old male kidney transplant recipient presented to our hospital with weakness of the left arm and leg, his immunosuppressive regimen consisted of tacrolimus, mycophenolate sodium, and meprednisone. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed hypercellularity in neural tissue and a lesion affecting the right ventral and lateral areas of the thalamus and the posterior limb of the internal capsule...
February 7, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158530/usefulness-of-3d-echocardiographic-parameters-of-tricuspid-valve-morphology-to-predict-residual-tricuspid-regurgitation-after-tricuspid-annuloplasty
#15
Hiroto Utsunomiya, Yuji Itabashi, Hirotsugu Mihara, Sayuki Kobayashi, Michele A De Robertis, Alfredo Trento, Takahiro Shiota
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130803/mitral-annular-motion-in-patients-after-transcatheter-mitraclip-and-mitral-valve-surgery
#16
Kentaro Toyama, Florian Rader, Kengo Ayabe, Saibal Kar, Alfredo Trento, Toshihiko Nishioka, Michele A De Robertis, Robert J Siegel
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal motion of the mitral annulus is an index that reflects left ventricular (LV) function. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effects of transcatheter mitral valve (MV) repair and open heart surgery for mitral regurgitation (MR) on mitral annular motion (MAM). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed in total 115 patients who underwent isolated transcatheter MV repair using MitraClip (n=50) or surgical MV interventions (n=65, 50 repairs and 15 replacements) for MR...
March 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129238/impact-of-blood-transfusions-on-survival-of-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-patients-undergoing-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-plus-radical-surgery
#17
Giorgio Bogani, Antonino Ditto, Fabio Martinelli, Mauro Signorelli, Valentina Chiappa, Carlos Lopez, Alice Indini, Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Ilaria Sabatucci, Domenica Lorusso, Francesco Raspagliesi
OBJECTIVE: Transfusions represent one of the main progresses of modern medicine. However, accumulating evidence supports that transfusions correlate with worse survival outcomes in patients affected by solid cancers. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of perioperative blood transfusion in locally advanced cervical cancer. METHODS: Data of consecutive patients affected by locally advanced cervical cancer scheduled to undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus radical surgery were retrospectively searched to test the impact of perioperative transfusions on survival outcomes...
March 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127201/pancreatic-neuroendocrine-neoplasms-magnetic-resonance-imaging-features-according-to-grade-and-stage
#18
Riccardo De Robertis, Sara Cingarlini, Paolo Tinazzi Martini, Silvia Ortolani, Giovanni Butturini, Luca Landoni, Paolo Regi, Roberto Girelli, Paola Capelli, Stefano Gobbo, Giampaolo Tortora, Aldo Scarpa, Paolo Pederzoli, Mirko D'Onofrio
AIM: To describe magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (PanNENs) according to their grade and tumor-nodes-metastases stage by comparing them to histopathology and to determine the accuracy of MR imaging features in predicting their biological behavior. METHODS: This study was approved by our institutional review board; requirement for informed patient consent was waived due to the retrospective nature of the study. Preoperative MR examinations of 55 PanNEN patients (29 men, 26 women; mean age of 57...
January 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124130/mechanisms-and-situations-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-in-professional-male-soccer-players-a-youtube-based-video-analysis
#19
Alberto Grassi, Stephen Paul Smiley, Tommaso Roberti di Sarsina, Cecilia Signorelli, Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Alice Bondi, Matteo Romagnoli, Alessandra Agostini, Stefano Zaffagnini
BACKGROUND: Soccer is considered the most popular sport in the world concerning both audience and athlete participation, and the incidence of ACL injury in this sport is high. The understanding of injury situations and mechanisms could be useful as substratum for preventive actions. PURPOSE: To conduct a video analysis evaluating the situations and mechanisms of ACL injury in a homogeneous population of professional male soccer players, through a search entirely performed on the YouTube...
January 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124103/surgical-treatment-of-infected-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Gazi Huri, Alberto Grassi, Tommaso Roberti di Sarsina, Giuseppe Carbone, Enrico Guerra, Edward G McFarland, Mahmut N Doral, Maurilio Marcacci, Stefano Zaffagnini
PURPOSE: To investigate the best surgical management of infected shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: A literature review from 1996 to 2016 identified 15 level IV studies that met inclusion criteria. Persistent infection (PI) was considered as treatment failure. Success was regarded as the absence of symptomatic PI without necessity for further treatment. Surgical outcomes were reported according to the mean weighted Constant and Murley score (CMS) for each treatment group...
January 26, 2017: International Orthopaedics
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