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Claudia Brogna, Lara Cristiano, Tommaso Tartaglione, Tommaso Verdolotti, Lavinia Fanelli, Luana Ficociello, Giorgio Tasca, Roberta Battini, Giorgia Coratti, Nicola Forcina, Roberto De Santis, Giulia Norcia, Sara Carnicella, Cesare Colosimo, Pierre Carlier, Marika Pane, Eugenio Mercuri
The aim of the study was to evaluate the spectrum of upper limb functional activities and imaging finding in a cohort of patients affected by Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Thirty-one patients of age between 5 and 29 years were included in the study (17 ambulant and 14 non-ambulant). They were all assessed using the Performance of Upper Limb (PUL) test and muscle MRI of shoulder, arm and forearm in order to establish if the functional scores obtained at shoulder, mid and distal level related to specific patterns of involvement in each upper limb segment on muscle MRI...
2018: PloS One
Marika Pane, Giorgia Coratti, Claudia Brogna, Elena Stacy Mazzone, Anna Mayhew, Lavinia Fanelli, Sonia Messina, Adele D'Amico, Michela Catteruccia, Marianna Scutifero, Silvia Frosini, Valentina Lanzillotta, Giulia Colia, Filippo Cavallaro, Enrica Rolle, Roberto De Sanctis, Nicola Forcina, Roberta Petillo, Andrea Barp, Alice Gardani, Antonella Pini, Giulia Monaco, Maria Grazia D'Angelo, Riccardo Zanin, Gian Luca Vita, Claudio Bruno, Tiziana Mongini, Federica Ricci, Elena Pegoraro, Luca Bello, Angela Berardinelli, Roberta Battini, Valeria Sansone, Emilio Albamonte, Giovanni Baranello, Enrico Bertini, Luisa Politano, Maria Pia Sormani, Eugenio Mercuri
The aim of the study was to establish 24 month changes in upper limb function using a revised version of the performance of upper limb test (PUL 2.0) in a large cohort of ambulant and non-ambulant boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy and to identify possible trajectories of progression. Of the 187 patients studied, 87 were ambulant (age range: 7-15.8 years), and 90 non-ambulant (age range: 9.08-24.78). The total scores changed significantly over time (p<0.001). Non-ambulant patients had lower total scores at baseline (mean 19...
2018: PloS One
Giorgia De Berardis, Marco Scardapane, Giuseppe Lucisano, Santina Abbruzzese, Antonio Carlo Bossi, Elisa Cipponeri, Paola D'Angelo, Lucia Fontana, Roberta Lancione, Giuseppe Marelli, Luigi Sciangula, Antonio Nicolucci
OBJECTIVE: Insulin injection aspects, such as fear of injection and pain, directly affect glycemic control, patient adherence, and quality of life. Use of thinner and shorter needles could increase acceptance of injections. Aim of the study is to evaluate the non-inferiority of the new 34Gx3.5 mm needle compared to a 32GX4mm in patients with diabetes treated with insulin. METHODS: This is an open, randomized, two-period cross-over, noninferiority trial. Every treatment period lasted 3 weeks...
June 20, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Claudia Resende Leal, Roberta Martinelli de Carvalho, Terumi Okada Ozawa, Araci Malagodi de Almeida, Gisele da Silva Dalben, José Carlos da Cunha Bastos, Daniela Gamba Garib Carreira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of cleft type and width, canine eruption stage, and surgeon on the outcomes of alveolar graft with rhBMP-2. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Tertiary craniofacial center. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety individuals submitted to alveolar graft in late mixed or early permanent dentition. INTERVENTIONS: The 90 individuals (mean age: 16.8 years) were submitted to alveolar graft with rhBMP-2...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Hung Cao Dinh, Ivan Bautmans, Ingo Beyer, Tony Mets, Oscar Okwudiri Onyema, Louis Nuvagah Forti, Wim Renmans, Sam Vander Meeren, Kristin Jochmans, Sofie Vermeiren, Roberta Vella Azzopardi, Rose Njemini
Frailty is highly prevalent in old age and confers an important mortality risk. Although the causes of frailty are multiple, immuno-senescence (IS) - predominantly driven by cytomegalovirus (CMV) - has been implicated in its pathophysiology. Thus far, research examining the association between IS and frailty states is sparse and equivocal. On the other hand, evidence is mounting in support of the view that frailty can be reversed, especially for those in the pre-frail stage. Therefore, we aimed to clarify the impact of CMV on IS and its relevance to pre-frailty...
June 19, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Emily Morell Balkin, Matt S Zinter, Satish K Rajagopal, Roberta L Keller, Jeffrey R Fineman, Martina A Steurer
OBJECTIVES: The disease burden and mortality of children with pulmonary hypertension are significantly higher than for the general PICU population. We aimed to develop a risk-adjustment tool predicting PICU mortality for pediatric pulmonary hypertension patients: the Pediatric Index of Pulmonary Hypertension Intensive Care Mortality score. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected multicenter pediatric critical care data. SETTING: One-hundred forty-three centers submitting data to Virtual Pediatric Systems database between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2015...
June 19, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Roberta Fernanda da Silva, Riccardo Lacchini, Lucas Cezar Pinheiro, Thiago José Dionísio, AndréMourão Jacomini, José Eduardo Tanus-Santos, Sandra Lia Amaral, Carlos Ferreira Santos, Anderson Saranz Zago
OBJECTIVE: Polymorphisms of the renin angiotensin system (RAS) are associated with increases in blood pressure (BP). Physical exercise has been considered the main strategy to prevent this increase. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between estimated training status (TS), BP and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity in elderly people classified as low or high risk to develop hypertension according to genetic profile. METHODS: A total of 155 elderly participants performed the following assessments: general functional fitness index (GFFI), systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP), blood collection for ACE activity and analyses of the RAS polymorphisms...
April 2018: Journal of the Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone System: JRAAS
Ahmed Elkashef, James Robert Brašić, Louis R Cantelina, Roberta Kahn, Nora Chiang, Weiguo Ye, Yun Zhou, Jurij Mojsiak, Kimberly R Warren, Andrew Crabb, John Hilton, Dean F Wong, Frank Vocci
AIMS: RPR 102681, a cholecystokinin-B antagonist, increased dopamine (DA) release and reduced cocaine self-administration in animals. This pilot study sought to assess the safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) of co-administration of RPR 102681 and cocaine, and to confirm the DA release mechanism of RPR 102681. METHODS: Sixteen cocaine-dependent participants were randomized to either placebo or RPR102681 at 3 ascending doses; cocaine was co-administered at steady state of RPR 102681...
June 20, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
Vito Maggi, Francesca Bianchini, Elisabetta Portioli, Silvia Peppicelli, Matteo Lulli, Daniele Bani, Roberta Del Sole, Franca Zanardi, Andrea Sartori, Roberto Fiammengo
Effective and selective targeting of the αVβ3 integrin subtype is of high relevance in cancer research for the development of therapeutic systems with improved efficacy and of diagnostic imaging probes. We report here a new class of highly selective, αVβ3-targeted gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), which carry cyclic 4-aminoproline-RGD semipeptides (cAmpRGD) as the targeting moiety immobilized at low surface density on the poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-based nanoparticle coating. We show that these nanoparticles are potent inhibitors of the integrin-mediated melanoma tumor cell adhesion to vitronectin and are selectively internalized via receptor-mediated endocytosis...
June 19, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Adam J de Smith, Kyle M Walsh, Stephen S Francis, Chenan Zhang, Helen M Hansen, Ivan Smirnov, Libby Morimoto, Todd P Whitehead, Alice Kang, Xiaorong Shao, Lisa F Barcellos, Roberta McKean-Cowdin, Luoping Zhang, Cecilia Fu, Rong Wang, Herbert Yu, Josephine Hoh, Andrew T Dewan, Catherine Metayer, Xiaomei Ma, Joseph L Wiemels
Genome-wide association studies of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have identified regions of association at PIP4K2A and upstream of BMI1 at chromosome 10p12.31-12.2. The contribution of both loci to ALL risk and underlying functional variants remain to be elucidated. We carried out single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) imputation across chromosome 10p12.31-12.2 in Latino and non-Latino white ALL cases and controls from two independent California childhood leukemia studies, and additional Genetic Epidemiology Research on Aging study controls...
June 19, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Maura Ferrari Bravo, Fabrizio Gallo, Concetta Marchello, Roberta Boicelli, Silvia Lupi, Massimiliano Atzei, Francesco Brunetti, Romina Casaretto, Federico Dapelo, Daniela Gerevini, Eliana Leonardelli, Anna Manno, Elisabetta Peri, Paola Soave, Angelo Traversaro, Antonio Zampogna, Roberto Zunino, Armando Stefanati, Giovanni Gabutti
Background: Malnutrition, a very common condition in the elderly, is known to increase their vulnerability to adverse health events. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of malnutrition in the over 75-yr-old community-dwelling population in the "Chiavarese" Local Health Unit district (North West Italy). Methods: The short version of the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA-SF) was used by General Practitioners (GP) as a screening tool to investigate the nutritional status of elderly people (1039 subjects)...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Maurizio Sorice, Roberta Misasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
Lilian Martins Oliveira Diniz, Marcelle Marie Martins Maia, Yara Vieira de Oliveira, Marina Santos Falci Mourão, Amanda Vieira Couto, Vânia Carneiro Mota, Carolina Mazieiro Versiani, Priscila Olívia da Costa Silveira, Roberta Maia Castro Romanelli
OBJECTIVES: Varicella is a disease with potentially severe complications. We aimed to investigate characteristics of hospitalized children with varicella in Brazil in the prevaccine period and to identify predictors for requiring intensive care treatment. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted from May 2011 to April 2014. Patients up to 13 years of age with varicella diagnosis were included. Information was collected through interview and review of medical records...
June 19, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
Mohammad R Khan, Jayesh Dudhia, Frederic H David, Roberta De Godoy, Vedika Mehra, Gillian Hughes, Stephanie G Dakin, Andrew J Carr, Allen E Goodship, Roger K W Smith
BACKGROUND: Intra-synovial tendon injuries display poor healing, which often results in reduced functionality and pain. A lack of effective therapeutic options has led to experimental approaches to augment natural tendon repair with autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) although the effects of the intra-synovial environment on the distribution, engraftment and functionality of implanted MSCs is not known. This study utilised a novel sheep model which, although in an anatomically different location, more accurately mimics the mechanical and synovial environment of the human rotator cuff, to determine the effects of intra-synovial implantation of MSCs...
June 19, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Alessandra Romanelli, Concetta Avitabile, Luca Domenico D'Andrea, Elisabetta D'Aversa, Roberta Milani, Roberto Gambari
New peptides derived from the natural antimicrobial temporin B were obtained. The design, the antimicrobial activity as well as the characterization of the secondary structure of peptides in the presence of bacterial cells is here described. We identified TB_KKG6K (KKLLPIVKNLLKSLL) as the most active analogue against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria as compared to natural temporin B (LLPIVGNLLKSLL) and TB_KKG6A (KKLLPIVANLLKSLL). Acylation with hydrophobic moieties led generally to reduced activity, however, acylation at position 6 of TB_KKG6K led to retained submicromolar activity against Staphylococcus epidermidis...
June 19, 2018: ChemMedChem
Guillaume Churlaud, Chadi Abbara, Pierre-Axel Vinot, Gwladys Fourcade, Paul-Gydeon Ritvo, Roberta Lorenzon, Michelle Rosenzwajg, Bertrand Diquet, David Klatzmann
We have developed and validated a mathematical model depicting and predicting the effect of low-dose interleukin-2 on Treg expansion in mice and humans. This model should help in the design of optimal therapeutic schemes for the long-term treatment of various chronic autoimmune, inflammatory or allergic diseases.
June 16, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Rudy Foddis, Giulia Ficini, Alfonso Cristaudo, Alessandra Pistelli, Annalaura Carducci, Elisa Caponi, Rita Biancheri, Antonella Ninci, Chiara Breschi, Andrea Cristaudo, Antonella Basso, Roberta Bonfiglioli, Francesca Larese Filon, Silvia Simonini, Giovanna Spatari, Paola Tomao, Maria Gabriella Verso, Maria Luisa Scapellato
OBJECTIVES: A thorough and fully application of the principles of gender mainstreaming, in accordance with the European Community guidelines, to the health and safety at work, implies the systematic review of the whole prevention from the gendered point of view. This means that both biology- and gender-based differences between male and female workers should be conceived not only as determinants of health but also as factors affecting either positively or negatively the health and safety risk prevention...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Maria Luisa Scapellato, Antonella Basso, Roberta Bonfiglioli, Rudy Foddis, Francesca Larese Filon, Silvia Simonini, Giovanna Spatari, Paola Tomao, Maria Gabriella Verso
OBJECTIVES: A literature review was performed to highlight which work-related diseases express sex/gender differences in health outcomes and focus the main limits of studies in this field. METHODS: The research, carried out on PubMed by specific search string, identified 4828 articles (1997-2017 period) of which 381 are eligible for review (4-22%, depending on the disease). RESULTS: Among them, 68% reported sex/gender differences in health outcomes, which in most cases appear to be due to different exposure and/or work segregation rather than to biological differences...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Paolo Berretta, Adele Minutillo, Simona Pichini, Valeria Traverso, Giacomo Toth, Giulia Scaravelli, Roberto De Luca, Roberta Da Rin Della Mora
INTRODUCTION: Ethanol is the most widely used drug worldwide. Its consumption has been increasing, and it is reported even during childbearing. Prenatal exposure to ethanol can lead to irreversible damages of the fetus. Knowledge about this risk could prevent these damages. There is no information about knowledge of the Italian students on this issue. METHODS: Therefore the aim of this study was to describe the awareness of the Italian students attending the last year of secondary school about risk of gestational alcohol drinking for the delivering mother and the fetus...
April 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Suelen Dallanora, Yasmin Medeiros de Souza, Rúbia Garcia Deon, Clare A Tracey, Ana Amélia Freitas-Vilela, Luiz Fernando Wurdig Roesch, Roberta Hack Mendes
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. The aim of this work was to systematically review all studies in which probiotic supplements were used during pregnancy and analyse the effects on GDM. METHODS: The data were collected using the medical subheading (MeSH) terms: ("diabetes, gestational"[MeSH Terms] OR ("diabetes"[All Fields] AND "gestational"[All Fields]) OR "gestational diabetes"[All Fields] OR ("gestational"[All Fields] AND "diabetes"[All Fields])) AND ("probiotics"[MeSH Terms] OR "probiotics"[All Fields])...
June 18, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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