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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934623/a-scoping-review-of-human-support-factors-in-the-context-of-internet-based-psychological-interventions-ipis-for-depression-and-anxiety-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Minjung Shim, Brittain Mahaffey, Michael Bleidistel, Adam Gonzalez
Internet-based psychological interventions (IPIs) may provide a highly accessible alternative to in-person psychotherapy. However, little is known about the role of human-support in IPIs for depression and anxiety disorders. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the evidence in the literature regarding the role of human-support in IPIs for depression and anxiety disorders; identify research gaps; and provide recommendations. A scoping review of randomized controlled trials was conducted using seven databases...
September 12, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934352/global-reaction-to-the-recent-outbreaks-of-zika-virus-insights-from-a-big-data-analysis
#2
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Cristiano Alicino, Cecilia Trucchi, Chiara Paganino, Ilaria Barberis, Mariano Martini, Laura Sticchi, Eugen Trinka, Francesco Brigo, Filippo Ansaldi, Giancarlo Icardi, Andrea Orsi
OBJECTIVE: The recent spreading of Zika virus represents an emerging global health threat. As such, it is attracting public interest worldwide, generating a great amount of related Internet searches and social media interactions. The aim of this research was to understand Zika-related digital behavior throughout the epidemic spreading and to assess its consistence with real-world epidemiological data, using a behavioral informatics and analytics approach. METHODS: In this study, the global web-interest and reaction to the recently occurred outbreaks of the Zika Virus were analyzed in terms of tweets and Google Trends (GT), Google News, YouTube, and Wikipedia search queries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934152/an-authentication-and-key-management-mechanism-for-resource-constrained-devices-in-ieee-802-11-based-iot-access-networks
#3
Ki-Wook Kim, Youn-Hee Han, Sung-Gi Min
Many Internet of Things (IoT) services utilize an IoT access network to connect small devices with remote servers. They can share an access network with standard communication technology, such as IEEE 802.11ah. However, an authentication and key management (AKM) mechanism for resource constrained IoT devices using IEEE 802.11ah has not been proposed as yet. We therefore propose a new AKM mechanism for an IoT access network, which is based on IEEE 802.11 key management with the IEEE 802.1X authentication mechanism...
September 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934146/exploiting-the-capture-effect-to-enhance-rach-performance-in-cellular-based-m2m-communications
#4
Jonghun Kim, Jaiyong Lee
Cellular-based machine-to-machine (M2M) communication is expected to facilitate services for the Internet of Things (IoT). However, because cellular networks are designed for human users, they have some limitations. Random access channel (RACH) congestion caused by massive access from M2M devices is one of the biggest factors hindering cellular-based M2M services because the RACH congestion causes random access (RA) throughput degradation and connection failures to the devices. In this paper, we show the possibility exploiting the capture effects, which have been known to have a positive impact on the wireless network system, on RA procedure for improving the RA performance of M2M devices...
September 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933992/politics-and-palliative-care-benin
#5
Dion Smyth
Dion Smyth's review of palliative nursing on the internet.
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933444/how-the-internet-of-cells-has-biologists-buzzing
#6
Monya Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932275/current-trends-in-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-an-internet-based-survey
#7
Abd Alrahman Ahmad, Omar Alhunaidi, Mohamed Aziz, Mohamed Omar, Ahmed M Al-Kandari, Ahmed El-Nahas, Mohamed El-Shazly
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to report current practices of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) among endourologists. METHODS: An internet survey was administered to Endourological Society members. Responders were distributed into three groups according to the number of PCNL cases per year (<50, 50-100, >100). PCNL technical details as well as opinions regarding specific clinical case scenarios were evaluated and compared between groups. RESULTS: We received 300 responses from 47 different countries...
September 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932174/internet-based-computer-technology-on-radiotherapy
#8
REVIEW
James C L Chow
Recent rapid development of Internet-based computer technologies has made possible many novel applications in radiation dose delivery. However, translational speed of applying these new technologies in radiotherapy could hardly catch up due to the complex commissioning process and quality assurance protocol. Implementing novel Internet-based technology in radiotherapy requires corresponding design of algorithm and infrastructure of the application, set up of related clinical policies, purchase and development of software and hardware, computer programming and debugging, and national to international collaboration...
November 2017: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932027/influence-of-legislations-and-news-on-indian-internet-search-query-patterns-of-e-cigarettes
#9
Rooban Thavarajah, Anusa Arunachalam Mohandoss, Kannan Ranganathan, Srinivas Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) in India. In addition, the Indian internet search pattern for ENDS has not been studied. We aimed to address this lacuna. Moreover, the influence of the tobacco legislations and news pieces on such search volume is not known. Given the fact that ENDS could cause oral lesions, these data are pertinent to dentists. METHODS: Using a time series analysis, we examined the effect of tobacco-related legislations and news pieces on total search volume (TSV) from September 1, 2012, to August 31, 2016...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931900/correlation-between-social-proximity-and-mobility-similarity
#10
Chao Fan, Yiding Liu, Junming Huang, Zhihai Rong, Tao Zhou
Human behaviors exhibit ubiquitous correlations in many aspects, such as individual and collective levels, temporal and spatial dimensions, content, social and geographical layers. With rich Internet data of online behaviors becoming available, it attracts academic interests to explore human mobility similarity from the perspective of social network proximity. Existent analysis shows a strong correlation between online social proximity and offline mobility similarity, namely, mobile records between friends are significantly more similar than between strangers, and those between friends with common neighbors are even more similar...
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931621/minimal-clinically-important-difference-for-safe-and-simple-novel-acute-ischemic-stroke-therapies
#11
Jessica S Cranston, Brett D Kaplan, Jeffrey L Saver
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Determining the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) is essential for evaluating novel therapies. For acute ischemic stroke, expert surveys have yielded MCIDs that are substantially higher than the MCIDs observed in actual expert behavior in guideline writing and clinical practice, potentially because of anchoring bias. METHODS: We administered a structured, internet-based survey to a cross-section of academic stroke neurologists in the United States...
September 20, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931500/web-based-cognitive-remediation-improves-supported-employment-outcomes-in-severe-mental-illness-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Anthony Wf Harris, Tanya Kosic, Jean Xu, Chris Walker, William Gye, Antoinette Redoblado Hodge
BACKGROUND: Finding work is a top priority for most people; however, this goal remains out of reach for the majority of individuals with a severe mental illness (SMI) who remain on benefits or are unemployed. Supported employment (SE) programs aimed at returning people with a severe mental illness to work are successful; however, they still leave a significant number of people with severe mental illness unemployed. Cognitive deficits are commonly found in SMI and are a powerful predictor of poor outcome...
September 20, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931385/internet-use-ehealth-literacy-and-attitudes-toward-computer-internet-among-people-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study-in-two-distant-european-regions
#13
Christina Athanasopoulou, Maritta Välimäki, Katerina Koutra, Eliisa Löttyniemi, Antonios Bertsias, Maria Basta, Alexandros N Vgontzas, Christos Lionis
BACKGROUND: Individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders use the Internet for general and health-related purposes. Their ability to find, understand, and apply the health information they acquire online in order to make appropriate health decisions - known as eHealth literacy - has never been investigated. The European agenda strives to limit health inequalities and enhance mental health literacy. Nevertheless, each European member state varies in levels of Internet use and online health information-seeking...
September 20, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931384/early-food-for-future-health-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effect-of-an-ehealth-intervention-aiming-to-promote-healthy-food-habits-from-early-childhood
#14
Christine Helle, Elisabet Rudjord Hillesund, Mona Linge Omholt, Nina Cecilie Øverby
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity is a global public health challenge. Primary prevention initiatives targeting parents have been called for to encourage a positive feeding environment and healthy eating habits that may lay a good foundation for future health. At the same time, there is a need for interventions which combine accessibility and scalability with cost effectiveness. Today's parents are extensive Internet-users, but only a few randomized controlled trials have investigated the use of Internet to promote healthy eating habits in early childhood...
September 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931079/an-evidence-based-evaluation-of-transferrable-skills-and-job-satisfaction-for-science-phds
#15
Melanie Sinche, Rebekah L Layton, Patrick D Brandt, Anna B O'Connell, Joshua D Hall, Ashalla M Freeman, Jessica R Harrell, Jeanette Gowen Cook, Patrick J Brennwald
PhD recipients acquire discipline-specific knowledge and a range of relevant skills during their training in the life sciences, physical sciences, computational sciences, social sciences, and engineering. Empirically testing the applicability of these skills to various careers held by graduates will help assess the value of current training models. This report details results of an Internet survey of science PhDs (n = 8099) who provided ratings for fifteen transferrable skills. Indeed, analyses indicated that doctoral training develops these transferrable skills, crucial to success in a wide range of careers including research-intensive (RI) and non-research-intensive (NRI) careers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930863/measurement-of-active-and-sedentary-behavior-in-context-of-large-epidemiologic-studies
#16
Charles E Matthews, Sarah Kozey Keadle, Steven C Moore, Dale S Schoeller, Raymond J Carroll, Richard P Troiano, Joshua N Sampson
INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE: To assess the utility of measurement methods that may be more accurate and precise than traditional questionnaire-based estimates of habitual physical activity and sedentary behavior we compared the measurement properties of a past year questionnaire (AARP) and more comprehensive measures: an internet-based 24-hour recall (ACT24), and a variety of estimates from an accelerometer (ActiGraph). METHODS: Participants were 932 adults (50-74 y) in a 12-month study that included reference measures of energy expenditure from doubly labeled water (DLW) and active and sedentary time via activPAL...
September 19, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930622/awareness-of-and-knowledge-about-stis-among-nonmedical-students-in-iran
#17
Mohammad Karamouzian, Armita Shahesmaeili, Razieh Khajehkazemi, Samira Hosseini Hooshyar, Homeira Fallahi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Hamid Sharifi
CONTEXT: Evidence on STI knowledge among Iranian nonmedical university students is limited. Information is needed to inform research and policies to improve the sexual health of university students in Iran. METHODS: A convenience sample of 742 male and female undergraduate and graduate students was recruited from five nonmedical public and private universities in Iran in 2014. Respondents' awareness of and knowledge about STIs were assessed using a validated questionnaire...
July 7, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930219/qigong-in-cancer-care-theory-evidence-base-and-practice
#18
Penelope Klein
Background: The purpose of this discussion is to explore the theory, evidence base, and practice of Qigong for individuals with cancer. Questions addressed are: What is qigong? How does it work? What evidence exists supporting its practice in integrative oncology? What barriers to wide-spread programming access exist? Methods: Sources for this discussion include a review of scholarly texts, the Internet, PubMed, field observations, and expert opinion. Results: Qigong is a gentle, mind/body exercise integral within Chinese medicine...
January 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930146/co%C3%A2-sensing-characteristics-of-a-la%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-sno%C3%A2-stacked-structure-with-micromachined-hotplates
#19
Tatsuya Iwata, Kyosuke Matsuda, Kazuhiro Takahashi, Kazuaki Sawada
Demand for the detection of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is increasing in various fields, including air-quality monitoring, healthcare, and agriculture. On the other hand, smart gas sensors, in which micromachined gas sensors are integrated with driving circuits, are desirable toward the development of the society of the internet of things. In this study, micromachined hotplate-based CO 2 sensors were fabricated and their characteristics were investigated. The sensors have La 2 O 3 /SnO 2 stacked layers as a sensing material and Pt interdigitated electrodes...
September 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929900/a-review-of-canadian-and-international-dementia-strategies
#20
Cole Edick, Nicole Holland, Jessica Ashbourne, Jacobi Elliott, Paul Stolee
To inform future strategy development in Canada and other jurisdictions, we undertook an Internet search to identify existing national and Canadian provincial dementia strategies and their major themes. Twenty-two dementia strategies were identified through an Internet search, supplemented by hand searches of reference lists of retrieved documents. Thematic analysis identified 17 strategic themes; common themes included improved diagnoses and assessments, increased access to care, and improved education of the healthcare workforce...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
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