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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923264/nationwide-access-to-an-internet-based-contingency-management-intervention-to-promote-smoking-cessation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Jesse Dallery, Bethany R Raiff, Sunny Jung Kim, Lisa A Marsch, Maxine Stitzer, Michael J Grabinski
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Contingency management (CM) is one of the most effective behavioral interventions to promote drug abstinence, but availability of this treatment is limited. We evaluated the efficacy and acceptability of Internet-based CM relative to an Internet-based monitoring and goal setting control group in a nationwide sample of cigarette smokers. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with 3- and 6-month follow ups. SETTING: USA. PARTICIPANTS: Smokers (n = 94) from 26 states were enrolled (mean age 36, 56% female)...
December 6, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922657/social-aware-event-handling-within-the-fallrisk-project
#2
Femke De Backere, Jan Van den Bergh, Sven Coppers, Shirley Elprama, Jelle Nelis, Stijn Verstichel, An Jacobs, Karin Coninx, Femke Ongenae, Filip De Turck
OBJECTIVES: With the uprise of the Internet of Things, wearables and smartphones are moving to the foreground. Ambient Assisted Living solutions are, for example, created to facilitate ageing in place. One example of such systems are fall detection systems. Currently, there exists a wide variety of fall detection systems using different methodologies and technologies. However, these systems often do not take into account the fall handling process, which starts after a fall is identified or this process only consists of sending a notification...
December 6, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920734/role-of-stressful-life-events-avoidant-coping-styles-and-neuroticism-in-online-game-addiction-among-college-students-a-moderated-mediation-model
#3
Huanhuan Li, Yingmin Zou, Jiaqi Wang, Xuelin Yang
Online game addiction (OGA) is becoming a significant problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to explore the incidence of OGA and the roles of stressful life events, avoidant coping styles (ACSs), and neuroticism in OGA. A total of 651 Chinese college students were selected by random cluster sampling. Subjects completed the Chinese version of Young's eight-item Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS), Online Game Cognition Addiction Scale (OGCAS), Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short Scale in Chinese (EPQ-RSC), Chinese College-student Stress Questionnaire, and Coping Style Questionnaire...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920720/validation-of-online-versions-of-tinnitus-questionnaires-translated-into-swedish
#4
Karolina Müller, Niklas K Edvall, Esma Idrizbegovic, Robert Huhn, Rilana Cima, Viktor Persson, Constanze Leineweber, Hugo Westerlund, Berthold Langguth, Winfried Schlee, Barbara Canlon, Christopher R Cederroth
Background: Due to the lack of objective measures for assessing tinnitus, its clinical evaluation largely relies on the use of questionnaires and psychoacoustic tests. A global assessment of tinnitus burden would largely benefit from holistic approaches that not only incorporate measures of tinnitus but also take into account associated fears, emotional aspects (stress, anxiety, and depression), and quality of life. In Sweden, only a few instruments are available for assessing tinnitus, and the existing tools lack validation...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920534/perceptions-and-impact-of-bipolar-disorder-in-japan-results-of-an-internet-survey
#5
Koichiro Watanabe, Eiji Harada, Takeshi Inoue, Yuka Tanji, Toshiaki Kikuchi
Bipolar disorder is a recurrent and episodic illness. This survey study assessed experiences and identified clinical insights of individuals with bipolar disorder. An Internet-based monitor system database was screened for patients with bipolar disorder in Japan (February and March 2013). Of 1,050 patients, 457 completed surveys, and results were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Approximately one-fourth of respondents were diagnosed with bipolar disorder on their first visit to medical institutions, although the most common initial diagnosis was depression/depressive state (65%)...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920270/think-like-a-hacker-insights-on-the-latest-attack-vectors-and-security-controls-for-medical-device-applications
#6
Mandeep Khera
Ready or not, the Internet of things (IoT) is here. No longer just a buzz term, it'll continue to grow at an unprecedented pace over the next few years expecting to reach over 25 billion connected devices by 2020. History shows us that most fast growth technology solutions focus on solving business problems first and security is an afterthought. Unfortunately, IoT is following the same trend. Most IoT devices, apps, and infrastructure were developed without security in mind and are likely going to become targets of hackers...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919864/taxonomy-for-the-rehabilitation-of-knee-conditions-trak-a-digital-intervention-to-support-the-self-care-components-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rehabilitation-protocol-of-a-feasibility-study
#7
Emma Dunphy, Fiona L Hamilton, Kate Button
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is common, especially in the active population. In defining the problem of ACL rehabilitation, this study draws from the knowledge that improved self-care, strength, and fitness are associated with better outcomes. Traditional rehabilitation involves regular physiotherapy, but it is not clear what the optimal way for delivering rehabilitation is, and it varies widely across the world. Evidence for treatments are discussed in the literature, however standard length of rehabilitation and frequency of appointments are unknown...
December 5, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919369/informing-the-development-of-an-internet-based-chronic-pain-self-management-program
#8
Amédé Gogovor, Regina Visca, Claudine Auger, Lucie Bouvrette-Leblanc, Iphigenia Symeonidis, Lise Poissant, Mark A Ware, Yoram Shir, Natacha Viens, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Self-management can optimize health outcomes for individuals with chronic pain (CP), an increasing fiscal and social burden in Canada. However, self-management is rarely integrated into the regular care (team activities and medical treatment) patients receive. Health information technology offers an opportunity to provide regular monitoring and exchange of information between patient and care team. OBJECTIVE: To identify information needs and gaps in chronic pain management as well as technology features to inform the development of an Internet-based self-management program...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919234/blended-cbt-versus-face-to-face-cbt-a-randomised-non-inferiority-trial
#9
Kim Mathiasen, Tonny E Andersen, Heleen Riper, Annet A M Kleiboer, Kirsten K Roessler
BACKGROUND: Internet based cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) has been demonstrated to be cost- and clinically effective. There is a need, however, for increased therapist contact for some patient groups. Combining iCBT with traditional face-to-face (ftf) consultations in a blended format (B-CBT) may produce a new treatment format with multiple benefits from both traditional CBT and iCBT such as individual adaptation, lower costs than traditional therapy, wide geographical and temporal availability, and possibly lower threshold to implementation...
December 5, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918992/investigation-of-the-metabolites-of-the-hif-stabilizer-fg-4592-roxadustat-in-five-different-in-vitro-models-and-in-a-human-doping-control-sample-using-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#10
Annelie Hansson, Mario Thevis, Holly Cox, Geoff Miller, Daniel Eichner, Ulf Bondesson, Mikael Hedeland
FG-4592 is a hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) stabilizer, which can increase the number of red blood cells in the body. It has not been approved by regulatory authorities, but is available for purchase on the Internet. Due to its ability to improve the oxygen transportation mechanism in the body, FG-4592 is of interest for doping control laboratories, but prior to this study, little information about its metabolism was available. In this study, the metabolism of FG-4592 was investigated in a human doping control sample and in five in vitro models: human hepatocytes and liver microsomes, equine liver microsomes and S9 fraction and the fungus Cunninghamella elegans...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918593/observing-consistency-in-online-communication-patterns-for-user-re-identification
#11
Ikuesan Richard Adeyemi, Shukor Abd Razak, Mazleena Salleh, Hein S Venter
Comprehension of the statistical and structural mechanisms governing human dynamics in online interaction plays a pivotal role in online user identification, online profile development, and recommender systems. However, building a characteristic model of human dynamics on the Internet involves a complete analysis of the variations in human activity patterns, which is a complex process. This complexity is inherent in human dynamics and has not been extensively studied to reveal the structural composition of human behavior...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918438/minimum-interference-channel-assignment-algorithm-for-multicast-in-a-wireless-mesh-network
#12
Sangil Choi, Jong Hyuk Park
Wireless mesh networks (WMNs) have been considered as one of the key technologies for the configuration of wireless machines since they emerged. In a WMN, wireless routers provide multi-hop wireless connectivity between hosts in the network and also allow them to access the Internet via gateway devices. Wireless routers are typically equipped with multiple radios operating on different channels to increase network throughput. Multicast is a form of communication that delivers data from a source to a set of destinations simultaneously...
December 2, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918437/managing-the-quality-of-experience-in-the-multimedia-internet-of-things-a-layered-based-approach
#13
Alessandro Floris, Luigi Atzori
This paper addresses the issue of evaluating the Quality of Experience (QoE) for Internet of Things (IoT) applications, with particular attention to the case where multimedia content is involved. A layered IoT architecture is firstly analyzed to understand which QoE influence factors have to be considered in relevant application scenarios. We then introduce the concept of Multimedia IoT (MIoT) and define a layered QoE model aimed at evaluating and combining the contributions of each influence factor to estimate the overall QoE in MIoT applications...
December 2, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918424/optimized-energy-harvesting-cluster-head-selection-and-channel-allocation-for-iots-in-smart-cities
#14
Saleem Aslam, Najam Ul Hasan, Ju Wook Jang, Kyung-Geun Lee
This paper highlights three critical aspects of the internet of things (IoTs), namely (1) energy efficiency, (2) energy balancing and (3) quality of service (QoS) and presents three novel schemes for addressing these aspects. For energy efficiency, a novel radio frequency (RF) energy-harvesting scheme is presented in which each IoT device is associated with the best possible RF source in order to maximize the overall energy that the IoT devices harvest. For energy balancing, the IoT devices in close proximity are clustered together and then an IoT device with the highest residual energy is selected as a cluster head (CH) on a rotational basis...
December 2, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917803/relationship-between-internet-addiction-and-alexithymia-among-university-students
#15
Seher Baysan-Arslan, Sevsen Cebeci, Mehmet Kaya, Metin Canbal
PURPOSE: Epidemiological studies concerning internet addiction found that 50% of internet addicts also have other kinds of psychiatric disorders. This study aims to examine the relationship between alexithymia and internet addiction levels among Turgut Özal University students in Ankara, Turkey. METHOD: University students (1,107 students; 452 students from 12 associate degree programs and 655 students from 10 undergraduate programs) participated in the study. The researchers used the personal information form, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale and the Internet Addiction Scale...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917484/to-consent-or-decline-hpv-vaccination-a-pilot-study-at-the-start-of-the-national-school-based-vaccination-program-in-sweden
#16
Maria Grandahl, Tanja Tydén, Ragnar Westerling, Tryggve Nevéus, Andreas Rosenblad, Erik Hedin, Marie Oscarsson
BACKGROUND: Parents' beliefs about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination influence whether they allow their daughters to be vaccinated. We examined the association between parents' refusal and sociodemographic background, knowledge and beliefs about HPV, and the HPV vaccination in relation to the Health Belief Model. METHODS: The sample consisted of 200 (55%) parents of children aged 11-12 years in the Swedish national vaccination program. Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917414/receptivity-and-preferences-for-lifestyle-programs-to-reduce-cancer-risk-among-lung-cancer-family-members
#17
Lisa A Howell, Tabetha A Brockman, Pamela S Sinicrope, Christi A Patten, Paul A Decker, Allan Busta, Shawn Stoddard, Sheila R McNallan, Ping Yang
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors and genetic information has been found to contribute to the occurrence of lung cancer. This study assessed receptivity to participating in lifestyle programs to reduce cancer risk among unaffected lung cancer family members. We also explored demographic, medical, and psychosocial correlates of willingness to participate in lifestyle programs. METHODS: Family members who are part of a lung Cancer Family Registry were asked to fill out a survey assessing their receptivity to cancer risk reduction programs including preferences for an individual or family-based program...
September 2016: Adv Cancer Prev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917126/perspectives-for-the-use-of-social-media-in-e-pharmamarketing
#18
Magdalena Syrkiewicz-Świtała, Piotr Romaniuk, Ewa Ptak
The Internet has become a common and global medium. It contains vast information resources and a wide range of communication instruments. One of the communication channels are social media, which increasingly are also used in the business field. Social media combined with mobile technology introduced new challenges to marketing activity. This trend is also observed on specific and highly regulated drug market. The aim of this article is to describe the perspectives for the use of social media in e-pharmamarketing...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916962/lightweight-sensor-authentication-scheme-for-energy-efficiency-in-ubiquitous-computing-environments
#19
Jaeseung Lee, Yunsick Sung, Jong Hyuk Park
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the intelligent technologies and services that mutually communicate information between humans and devices or between Internet-based devices. In IoT environments, various device information is collected from the user for intelligent technologies and services that control the devices. Recently, wireless sensor networks based on IoT environments are being used in sectors as diverse as medicine, the military, and commerce. Specifically, sensor techniques that collect relevant area data via mini-sensors after distributing smart dust in inaccessible areas like forests or military zones have been embraced as the future of information technology...
December 1, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916929/a-framework-to-implement-iot-network-performance-modelling-techniques-for-network-solution-selection
#20
Declan T Delaney, Gregory M P O'Hare
No single network solution for Internet of Things (IoT) networks can provide the required level of Quality of Service (QoS) for all applications in all environments. This leads to an increasing number of solutions created to fit particular scenarios. Given the increasing number and complexity of solutions available, it becomes difficult for an application developer to choose the solution which is best suited for an application. This article introduces a framework which autonomously chooses the best solution for the application given the current deployed environment...
December 1, 2016: Sensors
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