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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646731/the-adaptive-decision-making-risky-decision-and-decision-making-style-of-internet-gaming-disorder
#1
C-H Ko, P-W Wang, T-L Liu, C-S Chen, C-F Yen, J-Y Yen
BACKGROUND: Persistent gaming, despite acknowledgment of its negative consequences, is a major criterion for individuals with Internet gaming disorder (IGD). This study evaluated the adaptive decision-making, risky decision, and decision-making style of individuals with IGD. METHODS: We recruited 87 individuals with IGD and 87 without IGD (matched controls). All participants underwent an interview based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th Edition) diagnostic criteria for IGD and completed an adaptive decision-making task; the Preference for Intuition and Deliberation Scale, Chen Internet Addiction Scale, and Barratt Impulsivity Scale were also assessed on the basis of the information from the diagnostic interviews...
May 25, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645985/a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-interactive-web-based-intervention-cancercope
#2
Suzanne K Chambers, Lee Ritterband, Frances Thorndike, Lisa Nielsen, Joanne F Aitken, Samantha Clutton, Paul Scuffham, Philippa Youl, Bronwyn Morris, Peter Baade, Jeffrey Dunn
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 35% of patients with cancer experience clinically significant distress, and unmet psychological supportive care needs are prevalent. This study describes the protocol for a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to assess the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of an internet-based psychological intervention for distressed patients with cancer. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In phase I, the intervention was developed on an interactive web platform and pilot tested for acceptability using a qualitative methodology with 21 patients with cancer...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645974/assessing-medical-student-knowledge-and-attitudes-about-shared-decision-making-across-the-curriculum-protocol-for-an-international-online-survey-and-stakeholder-analysis
#3
Marie-Anne Durand, Renata Yen, Paul J Barr, Nan Cochran, Johanna Aarts, France Légaré, Malcolm Reed, A James O'Malley, Peter Scalia, Geneviève Painchaud Guérard, Glyn Elwyn
INTRODUCTION: Shared decision making (SDM) is a goal of modern medicine; however, it is not currently embedded in routine care. Barriers include clinicians’ attitudes, lack of knowledge and training and time constraints. Our goal is to support the development and delivery of a robust SDM curriculum in medical education. Our objective is to assess undergraduate medical students’ knowledge of and attitudes towards SDM in four countries. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The first phase of the study involves a web-based cross-sectional survey of undergraduate medical students from all years in selected schools across the United States (US), Canada and undergraduate and graduate students in the Netherlands...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645889/a-review-of-the-theoretical-basis-effects-and-cost-effectiveness-of-online-smoking-cessation-interventions-in-the-netherlands-a-mixed-methods-approach
#4
REVIEW
Kei Long Cheung, Ben Wijnen, Hein de Vries
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a worldwide public health problem. In 2015, 26.3% of the Dutch population aged 18 years and older smoked, 74.4% of them daily. More and more people have access to the Internet worldwide; approximately 94% of the Dutch population have online access. Internet-based smoking cessation interventions (online cessation interventions) provide an opportunity to tackle the scourge of tobacco. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this paper was to provide an overview of online cessation interventions in the Netherlands, while exploring their effectivity, cost effectiveness, and theoretical basis...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645707/syndemic-factors-mediate-the-relationship-between-sexual-stigma-and-depression-among-sexual-minority-women-and-gender-minorities
#5
Carmen H Logie, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Tonia Poteat, Anne C Wagner
INTRODUCTION: Stigma and discrimination contribute to elevated depression risks among sexual minority women (SMW) and gender minority (GM) people who identify as lesbian, bisexual, or queer. Syndemics theory posits that adverse psychosocial outcomes cluster to negatively impact health and mental health outcomes among sexual minorities. We tested whether a syndemic condition composed of low social support, low self-rated health, low self-esteem, and economic insecurity mediated the relationship between sexual stigma and depressive symptoms among SMW/GM...
June 20, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645078/facial-affect-recognition-and-social-functioning-among-individuals-with-varying-degrees-of-schizotypy
#6
Marta Statucka, Deborah J Walder
Facial affect recognition (FAR) accuracy is impaired in schizophrenia and, to a lesser extent, in individuals at-risk for psychosis. Reduced reaction time and negative bias on FAR tasks are also evident in schizophrenia, though few studies have examined these measures in at-risk samples. Social dysfunction is associated with FAR deficits in schizophrenia and at-risk individuals. We aimed to elucidate the nature of FAR and social functioning among individuals from a non-clinical population reporting a range of schizotypal traits (i...
June 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644833/quantifying-the-web-browser-ecosystem
#7
Sela Ferdman, Einat Minkov, Ron Bekkerman, David Gefen
Contrary to the assumption that web browsers are designed to support the user, an examination of a 900,000 distinct PCs shows that web browsers comprise a complex ecosystem with millions of addons collaborating and competing with each other. It is possible for addons to "sneak in" through third party installations or to get "kicked out" by their competitors without user involvement. This study examines that ecosystem quantitatively by constructing a large-scale graph with nodes corresponding to users, addons, and words (terms) that describe addon functionality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644381/an-efficient-user-authentication-and-user-anonymity-scheme-with-provably-security-for-iot-based-medical-care-system
#8
Chun-Ta Li, Tsu-Yang Wu, Chin-Ling Chen, Cheng-Chi Lee, Chien-Ming Chen
In recent years, with the increase in degenerative diseases and the aging population in advanced countries, demands for medical care of older or solitary people have increased continually in hospitals and healthcare institutions. Applying wireless sensor networks for the IoT-based telemedicine system enables doctors, caregivers or families to monitor patients' physiological conditions at anytime and anyplace according to the acquired information. However, transmitting physiological data through the Internet concerns the personal privacy of patients...
June 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644298/omission-of-high-alert-medications-a-hidden-danger
#9
Matthew C Grissinger
The Pennsylvania Patient Safety Reporting System is a confidential, statewide Internet reporting system to which all Pennsylvania hospitals, outpatient-surgery facilities, birthing centers, and abortion facilities must file information on incidents and serious events.Safety Monitor is a column from Pennsylvania's Patient Safety Authority, the authority that informs nurses on issues that can affect patient safety and presents strategies they can easily integrate into practice. For more information on the authority, visit www...
July 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644295/internet-delivered-intervention-is-beneficial-for-chronic-knee-pain
#10
Karen Rosenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643034/assessing-internet-based-information-used-to-aid-patient-decision-making-about-surgery-for-perianal-crohn-s-fistula
#11
J H Marshall, D M Baker, M J Lee, G L Jones, A J Lobo, S R Brown
BACKGROUND: Decision-making in perianal Crohn's fistula (pCD) is preference sensitive. Patients use the internet to access healthcare information. The aim of this study was to assess the online information and patient decision aids relating to surgery for pCD. METHODS: A search of Google™ and the Decision Aids Library Inventory (DALI) was performed using a predefined search strategy. Patient-focussed sources providing information about pCD surgery were included in the analysis...
June 22, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642554/delivery-of-information-to-orthodontic-patients-using-social-media
#12
Sinead O'Brien, Brett Duane
DesignRandomised controlled trial in a hospital setting.InterventionBoth groups were given standard verbal and written information for patients receiving orthodontic treatment. In addition, patients in the intervention group received e-mails asking them to view a specifically designed YouTube unlisted video accessible through a web link in the e-mail. All patients were administered with a baseline questionnaire at bond-up which was repeated at six weeks.Outcome measureChange in question score from baseline...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642216/what-predicts-online-health-information-seeking-behavior-among-egyptian-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Mayada Ghweeba, Antje Lindenmeyer, Sobhi Shishi, Mostafa Abbas, Amani Waheed, Shaymaa Amer
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, the Internet has become an important source of health-related information for a wide range of users worldwide. Yet, little is known about the personal characteristics of Egyptian Internet users who search for online health information (OHI). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify the personal characteristics of Egyptian OHI seekers and to determine any associations between their personal characteristics and their health information-seeking behavior...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642214/dupuytren-disease-is-there-enough-comprehensive-patient-information-on-the-internet
#14
Grzegorz Zuk, Katharina B Reinisch, Dimitri A Raptis, Sonia Fertsch, Merlin Guggenheim, Adrian F Palma
BACKGROUND: Dupuytren disease is a chronic nonmalign fibroproliferative disorder that causes finger contractures via proliferation of new tissue under the glabrous skin of the hand, resulting in multiple functional limitations for the patient. As many surgical therapy options exist, patients suffering from this condition actively search for information in their environment before consulting a health professional. OBJECTIVE: As little is known about the quality of Web-based patient information, the aim of this study was to conduct its systematic evaluation using a validated tool...
June 22, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641282/health-related-genetic-direct-to-consumer-tests-in-the-german-setting-the-available-offer-and-the-potential-implications-for-a-solidarily-financed-health-care-system
#15
Marika Plöthner, Mike Klora, Daniel Rudolph, Johann-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg
BACKGROUND: The global genetic direct-to-consumer (DTC) market will reach a volume of USD 230 billion in 2018. The expenditures for this genetic analysis are borne by the customer, whereas consequential costs may arise for a solidarily financed system. In a first step, it is essential to gain an overview of the currently available offer in the German setting. METHODS: In April 2016, we conducted a systematic internet search in the Google search engine. In November 2016, we updated the information of the webpages in terms of country, language, types of health-related tests, additional offer of non-health-related DTC test, information about sensitivity and specificity, certification and accreditation, costs as well as reference to German Act on Genetic Testing...
June 23, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641263/radian-visual-exploration-of-traceroutes
#16
Massimo Candela, Marco Di Bartolomeo, Giuseppe Di Battista, Claudio Squarcella
Several projects deploy probes in the Internet. Probes are systems that continuously perform traceroutes and other networking measurements (e.g. ping) towards selected targets. Measurements can be stored and analyzed to gain knowledge on several aspects of the Internet, but making sense of such data requires suitable methods and tools for exploration and visualization. We present Radian, a tool that allows to visualize traceroute paths at different levels of detail and to animate their evolution during a selected time interval...
June 19, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641261/robust-web-image-annotation-via-exploring-multi-facet-and-structural-knowledge
#17
Mengqiu Hu, Yang Yang, Fumin Shen, Luming Zhang, Heng Tao Shen, Xuelong Li
Driven by the rapid development of Internet and digital technologies, we have witnessed the explosive growth of Web images in recent years. Seeing that labels can reflect the semantic contents of the images, automatic image annotation, which can further facilitate the procedure of image semantic indexing, retrieval and other image management tasks, has become one of the most crucial research directions in multimedia. Most of the existing annotation methods heavily rely on well-labeled training data (expensive to collect) and/or single view of visual features (insufficient representative power)...
June 19, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640438/readability-content-analysis-and-racial-ethnic-diversity-of-online-living-kidney-donation-information
#18
James R Rodrigue, Mario Feranil, Jenna Lang, Aaron Fleishman
More than three-fourths of adults in the US use the internet to access health-related information. Adults exploring the possibility of living donation should have access to online content that is readable and comprehensive. We simulated a search of online information about living kidney donation and evaluated readability, topics covered, and racial/ethnic diversity of 21 websites meeting inclusion criteria (e.g., hosted by a non-profit or patient advocacy organization, English content, based in US). Using standard readability metrics, 62% of sites were classified as "Difficult to read" and none achieved the recommended reading level of 6(th) grade...
June 22, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640328/-validity-and-reproducibility-of-an-internet-based-questionnaire-web-caafe-to-evaluate-the-food-consumption-of-students-aged-7-to-15-years
#19
Gilmar Mercês de Jesus, Maria Alice Altenburg de Assis, Emil Kupek
The study evaluated the validity and reproducibility of the food consumption section of the questionnaire Food Intake and Physical Activity of School Children (Web-CAAFE), an Internet-based software for the qualitative measurement of food consumption by recalling the previous day. A total of 390 students in grades 2 to 5 (7 to 15 years) of a semi-integral public school participated in the study. The validity was tested by comparing the report in the Web-CAAFE and the direct observation of food consumed in the school in the previous day...
June 5, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640220/a-comprehensive-study-on-the-internet-of-underwater-things-applications-challenges-and-channel-models
#20
Chien-Chi Kao, Yi-Shan Lin, Geng-De Wu, Chun-Ju Huang
The Internet of Underwater Things (IoUT) is a novel class of Internet of Things (IoT), and is defined as the network of smart interconnected underwater objects. IoUT is expected to enable various practical applications, such as environmental monitoring, underwater exploration, and disaster prevention. With these applications, IoUT is regarded as one of the potential technologies toward developing smart cities. To support the concept of IoUT, Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) have emerged as a promising network system...
June 22, 2017: Sensors
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