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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332308/transcatheter-closure-of-patent-foramen-ovale-for-secondary-prevention-of-ischemic-stroke-quantitative-synthesis-of-pooled-randomized-trial-data
#1
Abdul Hakeem, Mehmet Cilingiroglu, Angelos Katramados, Konstantinos Dean Boudoulas, Cezar Iliescu, Betul Gundogdu, Konstantinos Marmagkiolis
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous device closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) for secondary prevention of ischemic stroke BACKGROUND: Stroke remains the leading cause of serious long-term disability in the United States. The effectiveness of a percutaneous PFO closure in the prevention of recurrent cryptogenic strokes has not been established. METHODS: We performed a literature search using PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Google Scholar, and Internet-based sources from January 2003 to September 2017...
January 14, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332005/impact-of-a-negative-emotional-antitobacco-mass-media-campaign-on-french-smokers-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Romain Guignard, Karine Gallopel-Morvan, Ute Mons, Karin Hummel, Viêt Nguyen-Thanh
BACKGROUND: Mass media campaigns to encourage smoking cessation have been shown to be effective in a context of comprehensive tobacco control programme. The effectiveness of antismoking ads that evoke negative emotions remains unclear, in particular in countries with high smoking prevalence and among smokers with low perceived susceptibility, low self-efficacy or who are not users of smoking cessation services. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate short-term and long-term effects of a 1-month French national highly emotional media campaign, with a focus on these specific targets...
January 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331928/being-in-control-a-thematic-content-analysis-of-14-in-depth-interviews-with-2-4-dinitrophenol-users
#3
Neha Prasad Ainsworth, Elisabeth Julie Vargo, Andrea Petróczi
BACKGROUND: 2,4-Dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) is a compound with multiple industrial purposes. Currently unlicensed for human consumption, it is used by the gym-going population for drastic, short-term body fat loss. Nonetheless, physiological mechanisms can lead to potentially fatal hyperthermia. Reported fatal incidents have caused concern and highlighted the need for intervention. Understanding decision-making leading to 2,4-DNP use alongside the perceived outgroup attitudes is vital to forming effective harm minimisation policies targeting current and potential users...
January 11, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331706/the-association-between-adherence-and-outcome-in-an-internet-intervention-for-depression
#4
Kristina Fuhr, Johanna Schröder, Thomas Berger, Steffen Moritz, Björn Meyer, Wolfgang Lutz, Fritz Hohagen, Martin Hautzinger, Jan Philipp Klein
BACKGROUND: Adherence to Internet interventions is often reported to be rather low and this might adversely impact the effectiveness of these interventions. We investigated if patient characteristics are associated with adherence, and if adherence is associated with treatment outcome in a large RCT of an Internet intervention for depression, the EVIDENT trial. METHODS: Patients were randomized to either care as usual (CAU) or CAU plus the Internet intervention Deprexis...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331315/ethnobotany-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-arctotis-arctotoides-l-f-o-hoffm-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Md Moshfekus Saleh-E-In, Johannes Van Staden
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Arctotis arctotoides (Asteraceae) is part of the genus Arctotis. Arctotis is an African genus of approximately 70 species that occur widely in the African continent with diverse medicinal values. This plant is used for the treatment of indigestion and catarrh of the stomach, epilepsy, topical wounds and skin disorders among the ethnic groups in South Africa and reported to have a wide spectrum of pharmacological properties. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The aim of the present review is to appraise the botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological potential, analytical methods and safety issues of A...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330962/skin-conformal-polymer-electrodes-for-clinical-ecg-and-eeg-recordings
#6
Flurin Stauffer, Moritz Thielen, Christina Sauter, Séverine Chardonnens, Simon Bachmann, Klas Tybrandt, Christian Peters, Christofer Hierold, Janos Vörös
Preparation-free and skin compliant biopotential electrodes with high recording quality enable wearables for future healthcare and the Internet of Humans. Here, super-soft and self-adhesive electrodes are presented for use on dry and hairy skin without skin preparation or attachment pressure. The electrodes show a skin-contact impedance of 50 kΩ cm2 at 10 Hz that is comparable to clinical standard gel electrodes and lower than existing dry electrodes. Microstructured electrodes inspired by grasshopper feet adhere repeatedly to the skin with a force of up to 0...
January 13, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#7
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330640/is-contact-with-children-related-to-legitimizing-beliefs-toward-sex-with-children-among-men-with-pedophilia
#8
Max Geradt, Sara Jahnke, Julia Heinz, Jürgen Hoyer
Among pedophilic men, social contact with children has been discussed as creating a risk situation for sexual abuse. Also, pedophilic men searching for such contact are seen as harboring more beliefs legitimizing sexual contact with children. However, social contact may also decrease false beliefs. We tested these competing views in an anonymous Internet survey with a non-forensic, non-clinical sample of 104 self-classified pedophilic men. Results showed that both increased social and physical contact were significantly linked to fewer legitimizing beliefs toward sex with children, even when controlling for past psychotherapy, educational level, social desirability, and age...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329685/association-of-provider-recommendation-and-offer-and-influenza-vaccination-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-18%C3%A2-years-united-states
#9
Peng-Jun Lu, Anup Srivastav, Ashley Amaya, Jill A Dever, Jessica Roycroft, Marshica Stanley Kurtz, Alissa O'Halloran, Walter W Williams
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination has been recommended for all persons aged ≥6 months since 2010. METHODS: Data from the 2016 National Internet Flu Survey were analyzed to assess provider vaccination recommendations and early influenza vaccination during the 2016-17 season among adults aged ≥18 years. Predictive marginals from a multivariable logistic regression model were used to identify factors independently associated with early vaccine uptake by provider vaccination recommendation status...
January 9, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329486/cost-effectiveness-of-guided-internet-based-interventions-for-depression-in-comparison-with-control-conditions-an-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Spyros Kolovos, Johanna M van Dongen, Heleen Riper, Claudia Buntrock, Pim Cuijpers, David D Ebert, Anna S Geraedts, Robin M Kenter, Stephanie Nobis, Andrea Smith, Lisanne Warmerdam, Jill A Hayden, Maurits W van Tulder, Judith E Bosmans
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence on the cost effectiveness of Internet-based treatments for depression. The aim was to evaluate the cost effectiveness of guided Internet-based interventions for depression compared to controls. METHODS: Individual-participant data from five randomized controlled trials (RCT), including 1,426 participants, were combined. Cost-effectiveness analyses were conducted at 8 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months follow-up. RESULTS: The guided Internet-based interventions were more costly than the controls, but not statistically significant (12 months mean difference = €406, 95% CI: - 611 to 1,444)...
January 12, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329351/educational-gradients-in-the-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-and-heat-not-burn-tobacco-products-in-japan
#11
Yuki Miyazaki, Takahiro Tabuchi
OBJECTIVES: In addition to electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), tobacco companies have recently begun to sell heat-not-burn tobacco products, Ploom and iQOS in Japan. Previous research has reported an inverse association between combustible cigarette smoking and educational attainment, but little is known about the association for e-cigarettes, especially heat-not-burn tobacco products. Our objective was to analyze the relationship between educational attainment and e-cigarette and heat-not-burn tobacco use...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329248/performance-analysis-of-millimeter-wave-multi-hop-machine-to-machine-networks-based-on-hop-distance-statistics
#12
Haejoon Jung, In-Ho Lee
As an intrinsic part of the Internet of Things (IoT) ecosystem, machine-to-machine (M2M) communications are expected to provide ubiquitous connectivity between machines. Millimeter-wave (mmWave) communication is another promising technology for the future communication systems to alleviate the pressure of scarce spectrum resources. For this reason, in this paper, we consider multi-hop M2M communications, where a machine-type communication (MTC) device with the limited transmit power relays to help other devices using mmWave...
January 12, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328623/mimicking-biological-synaptic-functionality-with-an-indium-phosphide-synaptic-device-on-silicon-for-scalable-neuromorphic-computing
#13
Debarghya Sarkar, Jun Tao, Wei Wang, Qingfeng Lin, Matthew Yeung, Chenhao Ren, Rehan Kapadia
Neuromorphic or "brain-like" computation is a leading candidate for efficient, fault-tolerant processing of large-scale data, as well as real-time sensing and transduction of complex multivariate systems and networks such as self-driving vehicles or Internet of Things applications. In biology, the synapse serves as an active memory unit in the neural system, and is the component responsible for learning and memory. Electronically emulating this element via a compact, scalable technology which can be integrated in a 3-D architecture is critical for future implementations of neuromorphic processors...
January 12, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327625/book-review-psychoanalysis-identity-and-the-internet-explorations-into-cyberspace-psychoanalysis-identity-and-the-internet-explorations-into-cyberspace-edited-by-marzi-andrea-london-karnac-books-2016-l-217-pp-45-95-paperback
#14
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327398/ways-of-knowing-on-the-internet-a-qualitative-review-of-cancer-websites-from-a-critical-nursing-perspective
#15
Kristen R Haase, Roanne T Thomas, Wendy Gifford, Lorraine F Holtslander
People diagnosed with cancer typically want information from their doctor or nurse. However, many individuals now turn to the Internet to tackle unmet information needs and to complement healthcare professional information. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore the content of commonly searched cancer websites from a critical nursing perspective, as this information is accessible, and allows patients to address their information needs in ways that healthcare professionals cannot. This qualitative examination of websites is informed by Carper's fundamental patterns of knowing and complemented with the critical view to technology espoused by the philosophy of technology...
January 12, 2018: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327355/non-occupational-allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-long-lasting-nail-polish-kits-for-home-use-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#16
María-Elena Gatica-Ortega, María-Antonia Pastor-Nieto, Rocío Gil-Redondo, Elena-Remedios Martínez-Lorenzo, Cristina Schöendorff-Ortega
BACKGROUND: Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) from (meth)acrylates caused by long lasting nail polish (also known as "permanent", "semi-permanent" or "gel nail polish") has been described both in occupational and non-occupational settings. Inexpensive kits for home use have been available for purchase in many stores or through the Internet. OBJECTIVE: To report on several further cases of consumers sensitised to these nail products. METHODS: Patch test results and evaluation of ingredient labelling of products brought in by the patients...
January 12, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326815/case-series-with-literature-review-surgical-approach-to-megarectum-and-or-megasigmoid-in-children-with-unremitting-constipation
#17
James G Glasser, James M Nottingham, Martin Durkin, Michael E Haney, Sean Christensen, Riley Stroman, Tyler Hammett
Background: The role of surgery in treating children with functional constipation (FC) is controversial, because of the efficacy of bowel management programs. This case series is comprised of failures: 43 children, spanning 25 years' practice, who had megarectosigmoid (MRS) and unremitting constipation. Purpose: To determine whether these children were helped by surgery, and to contribute to formulating a standard of care for children with megarectum (MR) and/or redundancy of the sigmoid colon (MS) who fail medical management...
February 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326098/cognitive-and-behavioral-skills-exercises-completed-by-patients-with-major-depression-during-smartphone-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Toshi A Furukawa, Masaru Horikoshi, Hirokazu Fujita, Naohisa Tsujino, Ran Jinnin, Yuki Kako, Sei Ogawa, Hirotoshi Sato, Nobuki Kitagawa, Yoshihiro Shinagawa, Yoshio Ikeda, Hissei Imai, Aran Tajika, Yusuke Ogawa, Tatsuo Akechi, Mitsuhiko Yamada, Shinji Shimodera, Norio Watanabe, Masatoshi Inagaki, Akio Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: A strong and growing body of evidence has demonstrated the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), either face-to-face, in person, or as self-help via the Internet, for depression. However, CBT is a complex intervention consisting of several putatively effective components, and how each component may or may not contribute to the overall effectiveness of CBT is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate how the users of smartphone CBT use and benefit from various components of the program...
January 11, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326097/turning-good-intentions-into-actions-by-using-the-health-action-process-approach-to-predict-adherence-to-internet-based-depression-prevention-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Anna-Carlotta Zarski, Matthias Berking, Dorota Reis, Dirk Lehr, Claudia Buntrock, Ralf Schwarzer, David Daniel Ebert
BACKGROUND: Many individuals engaging in Internet-based interventions fail to complete these treatments as intended. The processes responsible for treatment adherence in Internet-based interventions are still poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate to what extent adherence in an Internet-based intervention can be predicted by motivational and volitional factors outlined in the health action process approach (HAPA). METHODS: This study investigated motivational and volitional factors included in HAPA in a randomized controlled trial to predict treatment adherence of N=101 individuals with subclinical depression in the intervention group of a depression prevention intervention (GET...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325852/quality-and-readability-of-internet-based-information-on-halitosis
#20
Jung Hwan Jo, Eui Joo Kim, Ji Rak Kim, Moon Jong Kim, Jin Woo Chung, Ji Woon Park
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quality and readability of Internet-based information on halitosis. STUDY DESIGN: An Internet search through 3 engines (Google, Yahoo, and Bing) was done with the terms ("bad breath," "halitosis," "oral malodor," "foul breath," "mouth malodor," "breath malodor," "fetor ex ore," "fetor oris," "ozostomia," and "stomatodysodia"). The first 50 websites from each engine resulting from each search term were screened. Included websites were evaluated using Health on the Net (HON) criteria, Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks, DISCERN, Ensuring Quality Information for Patients (EQIP), Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) score, and Flesch-Kincaid Grade level...
December 8, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
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