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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212506/dimensional-and-discrete-variations-on-the-psychosis-continuum-in-a-dutch-crowd-sourcing-population-sample
#1
J T W Wigman, K J Wardenaar, R B K Wanders, S H Booij, B F Jeronimus, L van der Krieke, M Wichers, P de Jonge
BACKGROUND: Mild psychotic experiences are common in the general population. Although transient and benign in most cases, these experiences are predictive of later mental health problems for a significant minority. The goal of the present study was to perform examinations of the dimensional and discrete variations in individuals' reporting of subclinical positive and negative psychotic experiences in a unique Dutch internet-based sample from the general population. METHODS: Positive and negative subclinical psychotic experiences were measured with the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences in 2870 individuals...
December 18, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212400/surveys-of-public-knowledge-and-attitudes-with-regard-to-antibiotics-in-poland-did-the-european-antibiotic-awareness-day-campaigns-change-attitudes
#2
Beata Mazińska, Izabela Strużycka, Waleria Hryniewicz
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a global public health problem. Monitoring the level of knowledge regarding antibiotics is a part of the European Union Community strategy against antimicrobial resistance. OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge by the general public in Poland regarding antibiotics, AMR, and the impact of the European Antibiotic Awareness Day campaigns. METHODS: The repeated cross-sectional study was developed and carried out among the general public in Poland (in 5 waves between 2009 and 2011, embracing a total of 5004 respondents)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212317/an-auction-based-spectrum-leasing-mechanism-for-mobile-macro-femtocell-networks-of-iot
#3
Xin Chen, Lei Xing, Tie Qiu, Zhuo Li
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a vision of the upcoming society. It can provide pervasive communication between two or more entities using 4G-LTE (Long Term Evolution) communication technology. In 4G-LTE networks, there are two important problems: helping manage the spectrum demands of IoT devices and achieving much more revenue with the limited resource. This paper proposes a pricing framework to investigate the spectrum leasing in mobile heterogeneous networks with single macrocell and multiple femtocells...
February 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211949/internet-based-self-tailored-deposit-contracts-to-promote-smoking-reduction-and-abstinence
#4
Brantley P Jarvis, Jesse Dallery
Deposit contracting may reduce costs and increase efficacy in contingency management interventions. We evaluated two Internet-based deposit contract arrangements for smoking. In Experiment 1, nine participants deposited self-selected amounts that could be earned back for meeting goals. During treatment, participants were reimbursed for breath samples with less than or equal to 6 parts per million carbon monoxide and met the criterion for 47% of samples compared to 1% during baseline. In Experiment 2, 10 participants' deposits were matched up to $50...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211838/work-satisfaction-burnout-and-gender-based-inequalities-among-ophthalmologists-in-india-a-survey
#5
Akshay Gopinathan Nair, Pooja Jain, Aniruddha Agarwal, Vandana Jain
BACKGROUND: Ophthalmology is a rapidly evolving branch of medicine and advancing technology has raised the bar of patient expectations and outcomes. However, studies that assess physician stress and satisfaction especially in developing countries are limited in literature. OBJECTIVE: This index study aims at looking at the levels of job satisfaction, burnout and perception of gender disparity among ophthalmologists in India. METHODS: An Internet-based survey was sent out to ophthalmologists...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#6
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211108/evaluation-of-the-quality-and-health-literacy-demand-of-online-renal-diet-information
#7
K Lambert, J Mullan, K Mansfield, A Koukomous, L Mesiti
BACKGROUND: Dietary modification is critical in the self-management of chronic kidney disease. The present study describes the accuracy, quality and health literacy demand of renal diet information for adults with kidney disease obtained from the Internet and YouTube (www.youtube.com). METHODS: A comprehensive content analysis was undertaken in April and July 2015 of 254 eligible websites and 161 YouTube videos. The accuracy of the renal diet information was evaluated by comparing the key messages with relevant evidence-based guidelines for the dietary management of people with kidney disease...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209734/neural-representations-of-observed-actions-generalize-across-static-and-dynamic-visual-input
#8
Alon Hafri, John C Trueswell, Russell A Epstein
People interact with other people and with objects in distinct and categorizable ways (e.g., kicking is making contact with foot). We can recognize these action categories across variations in actors, objects, and settings; moreover, we can recognize them from both dynamic and static visual input. However, the neural systems that support action recognition across these perceptual differences are unclear. Here we used multivoxel pattern analysis of fMRI data to identify brain regions that support visual action categorization in a format-independent way...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209248/communication-technologies-to-improve-hpv-vaccination-initiation-and-completion-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Diane B Francis, Joan R Cates, Kyla P Garrett Wagner, Tracey Zola, Jenny E Fitter, Tamera Coyne-Beasley
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review examines the effectiveness of communication technology interventions on HPV vaccination initiation and completion. METHODS: A comprehensive search strategy was used to identify existing randomized controlled trials testing the impact of computer-, mobile- or internet-based interventions on receipt of any dose of the HPV vaccine. Twelve relevant studies were identified with a total of 38,945 participants. RESULTS: The interventions were delivered using several different methods, including electronic health record (i...
February 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208872/analgesics-self-medication-and-its-association-with-sleep-quality-among-medical-undergraduates
#10
Amit Kumar, Vandana, Ahmad Nadeem Aslami
INTRODUCTION: Self medication especially with analgesics is a common practice among undergraduate medical students. Variation in analgesic self medication prevalence and pattern is often seen due to geographical and target population differences. The mutual influence of pain and sleep quality might persuade students self medication behaviour. AIM: To assess analgesic self medication and its association with sleep quality among the medical undergraduates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire based study was conducted from December 2015 to February 2016 among 320 medical undergraduates...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208819/the-comparative-reliability-and-feasibility-of-the-past-year-canadian-diet-history-questionnaire-ii-comparison-of-the-paper-and-web-versions
#11
Geraldine Lo Siou, Ilona Csizmadi, Beatrice A Boucher, Alianu K Akawung, Heather K Whelan, Michelle Sharma, Ala Al Rajabi, Jennifer E Vena, Sharon I Kirkpatrick, Anita Koushik, Isabelle Massarelli, Isabelle Rondeau, Paula J Robson
Advances in technology-enabled dietary assessment include the advent of web-based food frequency questionnaires, which may reduce costs and researcher burden but may introduce new challenges related to internet connectivity and computer literacy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the intra- and inter-version reliability, feasibility and acceptability of the paper and web Canadian Diet History Questionnaire II (CDHQ-II) in a sub-sample of 648 adults (aged 39-81 years) recruited from Alberta's Tomorrow Project...
February 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208787/a-web-of-things-based-emerging-sensor-network-architecture-for-smart-control-systems
#12
Murad Khan, Bhagya Nathali Silva, Kijun Han
The Web of Things (WoT) plays an important role in the representation of the objects connected to the Internet of Things in a more transparent and effective way. Thus, it enables seamless and ubiquitous web communication between users and the smart things. Considering the importance of WoT, we propose a WoT-based emerging sensor network (WoT-ESN), which collects data from sensors, routes sensor data to the web, and integrate smart things into the web employing a representational state transfer (REST) architecture...
February 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208633/compact-planar-ultrawideband-antennas-with-3-5-5-2-5-8-ghz-triple-band-notched-characteristics-for-internet-of-things-applications
#13
Jian Dong, Qianqian Li, Lianwen Deng
Ultrawideband (UWB) antennas, as core devices in high-speed wireless communication, are widely applied to mobile handsets, wireless sensor networks, and Internet of Things (IoT). A compact printed monopole antenna for UWB applications with triple band-notched characteristics is proposed in this paper. The antenna has a very compact size of 10 x 16 mm2 and is composed of a square slotted radiation patch and a narrow rectangular ground plane on the back of the substrate. First, by etching a pair of inverted T-shaped slots at the bottom of the radiation patch, one notched band at 5-6 GHz for rejecting the Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) is generated...
February 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208621/a-framework-for-bus-trajectory-extraction-and-missing-data-recovery-for-data-sampled-from-the-internet
#14
Changfei Tong, Huiling Chen, Qi Xuan, Xuhua Yang
This paper presents a novel framework for trajectories' extraction and missing data recovery for bus traveling data sampled from the Internet. The trajectory extraction procedure is composed of three main parts: trajectory clustering, trajectory cleaning and trajectory connecting. In the clustering procedure, we focus on feature construction and parameter selection for the fuzzy C-means clustering method. Following the clustering procedure, the trajectory cleaning algorithm is implemented based on a new introduced fuzzy connecting matrix, which evaluates the possibility of data belonging to the same trajectory and helps detect the anomalies in a ranked context-related order...
February 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208179/a-quantitative-approach-to-determining-the-ideal-female-lip-aesthetic-and-its-effect-on-facial-attractiveness
#15
Natalie A Popenko, Prem B Tripathi, Zlatko Devcic, Koohyar Karimi, Kathryn Osann, Brian J F Wong
Importance: Aesthetic proportions of the lips and their effect on facial attractiveness are poorly defined. Established guidelines would aid practitioners in achieving optimal aesthetic outcomes during cosmetic augmentation. Objective: To assess the most attractive lip dimensions of white women based on attractiveness ranking of surface area, ratio of upper to lower lip, and dimensions of the lip surface area relative to the lower third of the face. Design, Setting, and Participants: In phase 1 of this study, synthetic morph frontal digital images of the faces of 20 white women ages 18 to 25 years old were used to generate 5 varied lip surface areas for each face...
February 16, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208174/feasibility-assessment-of-patient-reporting-of-symptomatic-adverse-events-in-multicenter-cancer-clinical-trials
#16
Ethan Basch, Amylou C Dueck, Lauren J Rogak, Lori M Minasian, William Kevin Kelly, Ann M O'Mara, Andrea M Denicoff, Drew Seisler, Pamela J Atherton, Electra Paskett, Lisa Carey, Maura Dickler, Rebecca S Heist, Andrew Himelstein, Hope S Rugo, William M Sikov, Mark A Socinski, Alan P Venook, Douglas J Weckstein, Diana E Lake, David D Biggs, Rachel A Freedman, Charles Kuzma, Jeffrey J Kirshner, Deborah Schrag
Importance: In cancer clinical trials, symptomatic adverse events (AEs), such as nausea, are reported by investigators rather than by patients. There is increasing interest to collect symptomatic AE data via patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires, but it is unclear whether it is feasible to implement this approach in multicenter trials. Objective: To examine whether patients are willing and able to report their symptomatic AEs in multicenter trials. Design, Setting, and Participants: A total of 361 consecutive patients enrolled in any 1 of 9 US multicenter cancer treatment trials were invited to self-report 13 common symptomatic AEs using a PRO adaptation of the National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) via tablet computers at 5 successive clinic visits...
February 16, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207962/validating-an-electronic-health-literacy-scale-in-an-older-hispanic-population
#17
Judith Aponte, Kathleen M Nokes
AIM: Examine the validity of the Spanish version of an instrument used to measure electronic health literacy (eHEALS) with an older Hispanic population from a number of Spanish-language countries living in New York City in the United States (US). BACKGROUND: Although the internet is available globally, complex skills are needed in order to use this source of valuable health-related information effectively. Electronic health literacy is a multifactorial concept that includes health literacy but also requires technology skills...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207723/unhealthy-food-marketing-to-new-zealand-children-and-adolescents-through-the-internet
#18
Stefanie Vandevijvere, Karuna Sagar, Bridget Kelly, Boyd Swinburn
AIM: To assess the extent and nature of unhealthy food marketing to New Zealand children and adolescents through the internet. METHODS: Internet traffic data for January 2014 was purchased from AC Nielsen to identify the most popular websites (n=110) among children and adolescents aged 6-17 years. In addition, websites (n=70) of food and beverage brands most frequently marketed to children through television, sports, magazines and Facebook were included. Marketing techniques and features on those websites were analysed...
February 17, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207415/attitudes-skill-and-use-of-evidence-based-practice-among-us-western-herbal-medicine-providers-a-national-survey
#19
James E Snow, Matthew J Leach, Bevin A Clare
Background Evidence-based practice (EBP) has been the focus of increasing attention in the teaching and delivery of both complementary and conventional healthcare. Western herbal medicine (WHM) is a system of complementary healthcare rooted in tradition. How WHM practitioners perceive, are prepared for, and use EBP, has to date been largely ignored. We therefore examined the use, opinion, skills, and training in EBP, and barriers and facilitators of EBP uptake, among herbal practitioners in the United States (US)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206787/self-affirmation-increases-defensiveness-toward-health-risk-information-among-those-experiencing-negative-emotions-results-from-two-national-samples
#20
Rebecca A Ferrer, William M P Klein, Kaitlin A Graff
OBJECTIVE: Self-affirmation can promote health behavior change and yield long-term improvements in health via its effect on receptiveness to risk information in behavior change interventions. Across 2 studies, we examined whether the emotional state of the person presented with health risk information moderates self-affirmation effectiveness. METHOD: Data were collected from 2 U.S. national samples (n = 652, n = 448) via GfK, an Internet-based survey company. Female alcohol consumers completed an emotion induction (fear, anger, or neutral)...
February 16, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
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