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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453947/a-secondary-analysis-of-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-health-care-facilities
#1
Cheryl Tatano Beck
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a secondary qualitative analysis of a phenomenological study of traumatic childbirth to identify the types and frequency of mistreatment of women during childbirth in high-income countries. DESIGN: Analytic expansion was the type of secondary analysis chosen to make further use of a primary qualitative data set to ask a new question that was not included the original study aims. SETTING: The primary data set of women's experiences of traumatic childbirth was obtained via the Internet...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449561/differences-in-resting-state-quantitative-electroencephalography-patterns-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-with-or-without-comorbid-symptoms
#2
Jun Won Kim, Soo Yeon Kim, Jae-Won Choi, Kyoung Min Kim, Sojeong Hannah Nam, Kyung Joon Min, Young Sik Lee, Tae Young Choi
Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of comorbid psychiatric symptoms on quantitative electroencephalogram (QEEG) activities in boys with the attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: All participants were male students in the second, third or fourth grade in elementary school. Therefore, there were no significant differences in age or sex. Participants with ADHD were assigned to one of three groups: pure ADHD (n=22), ADHD with depressive symptoms (n=11), or ADHD with problematic internet use (n=19)...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448858/the-development-and-piloting-of-an-ehealth-breastfeeding-resource-targeting-fathers-and-partners-as-co-parents
#3
Jennifer Abbass-Dick, Fangli Xie, Jaymie Koroluk, Shelley Alcock Brillinger, Joanne Huizinga, Amber Newport, William M Goodman, Cindy-Lee Dennis
OBJECTIVE: Traditionally breastfeeding education programs target mothers solely. The objective of this study was to design and pilot test an interactive eHealth breastfeeding co-parenting resource developed to target both mothers and fathers. eHealth resources provide an accessible and engaging format on which to educate parents and assist them in meeting their breastfeeding goals. Best practices to design such resources are not currently known. DESIGN: A three phase pilot study was conducted...
April 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448469/distributed-data-service-for-data-management-in-internet-of-things-middleware
#4
Ruben Cruz Huacarpuma, Rafael Timoteo de Sousa Junior, Maristela Terto de Holanda, Robson de Oliveira Albuquerque, Luis Javier García Villalba, Tai-Hoon Kim
The development of the Internet of Things (IoT) is closely related to a considerable increase in the number and variety of devices connected to the Internet. Sensors have become a regular component of our environment, as well as smart phones and other devices that continuously collect data about our lives even without our intervention. With such connected devices, a broad range of applications has been developed and deployed, including those dealing with massive volumes of data. In this paper, we introduce a Distributed Data Service (DDS) to collect and process data for IoT environments...
April 27, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448451/time-aware-service-ranking-prediction-in-the-internet-of-things-environment
#5
Yuze Huang, Jiwei Huang, Bo Cheng, Shuqing He, Junliang Chen
With the rapid development of the Internet of things (IoT), building IoT systems with high quality of service (QoS) has become an urgent requirement in both academia and industry. During the procedures of building IoT systems, QoS-aware service selection is an important concern, which requires the ranking of a set of functionally similar services according to their QoS values. In reality, however, it is quite expensive and even impractical to evaluate all geographically-dispersed IoT services at a single client to obtain such a ranking...
April 27, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447133/-digital-media-as-laypeople-s-source-of-information-about-the-environment-and-health
#6
REVIEW
Kai Sassenberg
Over the last two decades, the Internet has become the primary source of information. Thanks to the Internet, laypeople have access to information from the health and the environmental sector, which was for a long time available only to experts (e. g. scientific publications, statistics). Information on the Internet varies in quality, as generally anybody can publish online, without any quality control. At the same time, Internet use comes with specific situational characteristics. Given that the amount of information is nearly unlimited and that this information is easily available via search engines, users are not restricted to one or just a few texts, but can choose between multiple sources depending on their motivation and interest...
April 26, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446732/docetaxel-versus-docetaxel-plus-cisplatin-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#7
REVIEW
Ang Li, Zhi-Jian Wei, Han Ding, Hao-Shuai Tang, Heng-Xing Zhou, Xue Yao, Shi-Qing Feng
OBJECTIVE: To compare the activity, efficacy and toxicity of docetaxel versus docetaxel plus cisplatin in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. METHODS: A literature search was performed in the EMBASE, Medline, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Internet, Wan-fang databases. The trials that were found were then evaluated for eligibility. The Cochrane Collaboration's Review Manager software was used to perform the meta-analyses. RESULTS: Nine clinical trials including 1257 patients were included...
April 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446422/web-based-medical-appointment-systems-a-systematic-review
#8
Peng Zhao, Illhoi Yoo, Jaie Lavoie, Beau James Lavoie, Eduardo Simoes
BACKGROUND: Health care is changing with a new emphasis on patient-centeredness. Fundamental to this transformation is the increasing recognition of patients' role in health care delivery and design. Medical appointment scheduling, as the starting point of most non-urgent health care services, is undergoing major developments to support active involvement of patients. By using the Internet as a medium, patients are given more freedom in decision making about their preferences for the appointments and have improved access...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446421/testing-a-computerized-cognitive-training-protocol-in-adults-aging-with-hiv-associated-neurocognitive-disorders-randomized-controlled-trial-rationale-and-protocol
#9
David Vance, Pariya Fazeli, John Shacka, William Nicholson, Peggy McKie, James Raper, Andres Azuero, Virginia Wadley, Karlene Ball
BACKGROUND: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders occur in nearly 50% of adults with HIV. Such disorders can interfere with everyday functioning such as driving and medication adherence. Therefore, cognitive interventions are needed to address such neurocognitive disorders as well as improve everyday functioning, especially as people age with HIV. OBJECTIVE: This article reports and discusses the overall rationale and development of speed of processing training, a computerized Internet cognitive training program, to improve this specific neurocognitive ability as well as everyday functioning and quality of life in adults aging with HIV...
April 26, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446189/television-viewing-time-as-a-risk-factor-for-frailty-and-functional-limitations-in-older-adults-results-from-2-european-prospective-cohorts
#10
Esther García-Esquinas, Elena Andrade, David Martínez-Gómez, Francisco Félix Caballero, Esther López-García, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
BACKGROUND: Sedentariness is an important risk factor for poor health. The main objective of this work was to examine the prospective association between television viewing time and indicators of physical function, mobility, agility, and frailty. METHODS: Data came from two independent cohorts of community-dwelling older adults: the Seniors-ENRICA (n = 2392, 3.5 year follow-up), and the ELSA (n = 3989, 3.9 year follow-up). At baseline, television viewing and other sedentary behaviors were ascertained using interviewer-administered questionnaires...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446141/a-mobile-application-of-breast-cancer-e-support-program-versus-routine-care-in-the-treatment-of-chinese-women-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-chemotherapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Jiemin Zhu, Lyn Ebert, Xiangyu Liu, Sally Wai-Chi Chan
BACKGROUND: Women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy suffer from a number of symptoms and report receiving inadequate support from health care professionals. Innovative and easily accessible interventions are lacking. Breast Cancer e-Support is a mobile Application program (App) that provides patients with individually tailored information and a support group of peers and health care professionals. Breast Cancer e-Support aims to promote women's self-efficacy, social support and symptom management, thus improving their quality of life and psychological well-being...
April 26, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444057/determinant-factors-of-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-std-aids-and-viral-hepatitis-among-youths-aged-18-to-29-years-in-brazil
#12
Miguel Barbosa Fontes, Rodrigo Campos Crivelaro, Alice Margini Scartezini, David Duarte Lima, Alexandre de Araújo Garcia, Rafael Tsuyoshi Fujioka
The scope of this study was to evaluate the vulnerability of Brazilian youths to STDs/HIV&AIDS and Viral Hepatitis. Interviews were conducted with 1,208 youths aged 18 to 29 in 15 states and the Federal District. The regional and national adjusted margin of error of the research was 2.8%. The study was approved by the School of Medicine of Brasilia University with support from PAHO and the Ministry of Health. A scale with 35 questions (knowledge, attitudes and practices) was the main dependent variable. Adjusted linear regression models identified the demographic and social determinant factors that explain scale variations...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444047/health-regionalization-in-amazonas-progress-and-challenges
#13
Luiza Garnelo, Amandia Braga Lima Sousa, Clayton de Oliveira da Silva
This paper analyses the health services regionalization process in the State of Amazonas through a case study covering the health sub-region Manaus Surroundings. This is a qualitative, descriptive and analytical research, which data were collected using interviews, documents and Internet reviews, oriented by the guiding concept of health regionalization. Study findings revealed a social setting dominated by asymmetry, verticality, competitiveness and fragile multilateral relations among municipalities, associated to a bureaucratic profile of local institutions operating in the region under study...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443972/online-information-as-support-to-the-families-of-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-disease
#14
Verônica de Azevedo Mazza, Vanessa Ferreira de Lima, Ana Karoline da Silva Carvalho, Gisele Weissheimer, Larissa Gramazio Soares
Objective: To describe the use of online information as support to families of children and adolescents with chronic disease. Methods: This is an integrative review conducted in August 2015, with an online search in the following databases: PubMed, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature, and Science Direct. Results: Twelve studies were selected from the 293 studies found in the databases. After analysis, the following two categories emerged: Potentialities of the use of online information by families of children and adolescents with chronic disease, and Weaknesses of the use of online information by families of children and adolescents with chronic disease...
April 20, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443945/-sex-and-gender-equity-in-research-rationale-for-the-sager-guidelines-and-recommended-use
#15
Shirin Heidari, Thomas F Babor, Paola De Castro, Sera Tort, Mirjam Curno
BACKGROUND: Sex and gender differences are often overlooked in research design, study implementation and scientific reporting, as well as in general science communication. This oversight limits the generalizability of research findings and their applicability to clinical practice, in particular for women but also for men. This article describes the rationale for an international set of guidelines to encourage a more systematic approach to the reporting of sex and gender in research across disciplines...
April 20, 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443703/psychedelics-personality-and-political-perspectives
#16
Matthew M Nour, Lisa Evans, Robin L Carhart-Harris
The psychedelic experience (including psychedelic-induced ego dissolution) can effect lasting change in a person's attitudes and beliefs. Here, we aimed to investigate the association between naturalistic psychedelic use and personality, political perspectives, and nature relatedness using an anonymous internet survey. Participants (N = 893) provided information about their naturalistic psychedelic, cocaine, and alcohol use, and answered questions relating to personality traits of openness and conscientiousness (Ten-Item Personality Inventory), nature relatedness (Nature-Relatedness Scale), and political attitudes (one-item liberalism-conservatism measure and five-item libertarian-authoritarian measure)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443046/craving-behavior-intervention-in-ameliorating-college-students-internet-game-disorder-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Lin-Yuan Deng, Lu Liu, Cui-Cui Xia, Jing Lan, Jin-Tao Zhang, Xiao-Yi Fang
Craving, as a central feature of addiction and a precursor of relapse, is targeted recently in addiction intervention. While Internet gaming disorder (IGD), conceptualized as a behavioral addiction, is lack of effective treatment practice and exploration of its mechanism. This research aims to test the effectiveness and detect the active ingredients of craving behavior intervention (CBI) in mitigation of IGD among young adults. A total of 63 male college students with IGD were assigned into the intervention group (six-session CBI intervention) or the waiting-list control group...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443022/evaluating-quality-of-decision-making-processes-in-medicines-development-regulatory-review-and-health-technology-assessment-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Magdalena Bujar, Neil McAuslane, Stuart R Walker, Sam Salek
Introduction: Although pharmaceutical companies, regulatory authorities, and health technology assessment (HTA) agencies have been increasingly using decision-making frameworks, it is not certain whether these enable better quality decision making. This could be addressed by formally evaluating the quality of decision-making process within those organizations. The aim of this literature review was to identify current techniques (tools, questionnaires, surveys, and studies) for measuring the quality of the decision-making process across the three stakeholders...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442798/knowledge-and-attitude-about-sexually-transmitted-infections-other-than-hiv-among-college-students
#19
Nagesh Tumkur Subbarao, A Akhilesh
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are the infections which are mainly transmitted through sexual intercourse. Young individuals in the age group of 16 to 24 years are considered to be at more risk for STIs compared to older adults. Young individuals are more likely to practice unprotected sex and have multiple sexual partners. If the STIs are not treated adequately, it can lead to various complications.Most of the people may be aware about HIV/AIDs because of the awareness created by media and the government programs, however knowledge about STIs other than HIV/AIDS is low in the developing countries...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442584/apparent-cb1-receptor-rimonabant-affinity-estimates-combination-with-thc-and-synthetic-cannabinoids-in-the-mouse-in-vivo-triad-model
#20
Travis W Grim, Anthony J Morales, Brian F Thomas, Jenny L Wiley, Gregory W Endres, Sidney S Negus, Aron H Lichtman
Synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) represent an emerging class of abused drugs associated with psychiatric complications and other substantial health risks. These ligands are largely sold over the internet for human consumption presumably because of their high cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) affinity and potency in eliciting similar pharmacological effects as Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), while circumventing laws illegalizing this plant. Factors potentially contributing to the increased prevalence of SC abuse and related hospitalizations, such as increased CB1R efficacy and non-CB1R targets, highlight the need for quantitative pharmacological analyses to determine receptor mediation of the pharmacological effects of cannabinoids...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
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