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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820663/what-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-peru-want-in-internet-based-sexual-health-information
#1
Luis Menacho
Objectives We aimed to gather information among gay men regarding their preferences for online sexual health information. Methods 1,160 Peruvian MSM, 18 years or older, completed an online survey hosted on www.tunexo.org . Results The mean age was 26.8 years. Around 90% had post-high school education. The self-reported HIV prevalence was 12.3%. The acceptability of sexual health content was greater in the most highly educated group. The highest rated topics and services of interest were those related to improving sexual and mental health...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819206/network-robustness-assessed-within-a-dual-connectivity-framework-joint-dynamics-of-the-active-and-idle-networks
#2
Alejandro Tejedor, Anthony Longjas, Ilya Zaliapin, Samuel Ambroj, Efi Foufoula-Georgiou
Network robustness against attacks has been widely studied in fields as diverse as the Internet, power grids and human societies. But current definition of robustness is only accounting for half of the story: the connectivity of the nodes unaffected by the attack. Here we propose a new framework to assess network robustness, wherein the connectivity of the affected nodes is also taken into consideration, acknowledging that it plays a crucial role in properly evaluating the overall network robustness in terms of its future recovery from the attack...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818806/differences-in-the-relationship-between-traumatic-experiences-self-esteem-negative-cognition-and-internet-addiction-symptoms-among-north-korean-adolescent-defectors-and-south-korean-adolescents-a-preliminary-study
#3
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Jin Yong Jun
North Korean adolescent defectors experience adaptation difficulties along with a wide range of psychosocial problems, but no study has yet examined their Internet addiction symptoms. We compared early traumatic experiences, self-esteem, negative cognition, and Internet addiction symptoms, as well as the relationships between these variables, between North Korean adolescent defectors and South Korean adolescents. Fifty-six North Korean adolescent defectors and 112 age- and sex- matched South Korean adolescents participated...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817972/real-world-research-and-the-role-of-observational-data-in-the-field-of-gynaecology-a-practical-review
#4
Oskari Heikinheimo, Johannes Bitzer, Luis García Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: In the context of women's health, we examine (1) the role that observational ('real-world') studies have in overcoming limitations of randomised clinical trials, (2) the relative advantages and disadvantages of different study designs, (3) the importance of outcome data from observational studies when making health-economic or clinical decisions, and (4) provide insights into changing perceptions of observational clinical data. METHODS: PubMed and internet searches were used to identify (i) guidance and expert commentary on designing, conducting, analysing, and reporting clinical trials or observational studies, (ii) supporting evidence of the rapid growth of observational ('real world') studies and publications since the turn of millennium in the fields of contraception, reproductive health, obstetrics or gynaecology...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817460/high-demand-for-psychotherapy-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#5
Thomas Klag, Nazar Mazurak, Laura Fantasia, Juliane Schwille-Kiuntke, Andreas Kirschniak, Claudius Falch, Martin Goetz, Nisar P Malek, Paul Enck, Jan Wehkamp
BACKGROUND: The relative contribution of psychological factors to the onset and course of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) is a matter of constant debate since its beginning, as is the clinical need and the efficacy of psychotherapeutic interventions. However, the perspective of patients with IBD has largely been ignored in this debate. METHODS: Psychometric tests including the Short-Form IBD Questionnaire (SIBDQ), the ADAP test measuring demand for psychotherapy, and the Fear-of-Progression Questionnaire Short Form as well as disease-related questions were positioned on the internet between December 2014 and January 2016...
August 16, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817340/the-half-life-of-serum-thymidine-kinase-1-concentration-is-an-important-tool-for-monitoring-surgical-response-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#6
Xudan Lou, Ji Zhou, Hongbo Ma, Shuai Xu, Ellen He, Sven Skog, Haidong Wang
AIMS: In this meta-analysis, we evaluated the usefulness of serum thymidine kinase 1 concentration (STK1c) for monitoring the outcome of extensive open surgery in patients with lung cancer. We also compared STK1c between a healthy population and patients with benign and malignant lung tumors to assess its potential value for early detection of lung cancer and for distinguishing between benign lung disease and malignant cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Related studies were retrieved from publications in PubMed, Cochrane, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang databases, and Internet searches...
August 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816589/acculturation-influences-postpartum-eating-activity-and-weight-retention-in-low-income-hispanic-women
#7
Chantel L Martin, Deborah F Tate, Andrew Schaffner, Anna Brannen, Karen Erickson Hatley, Molly Diamond, Karen Munoz-Christian, Jeremy Pomeroy, Teresa Sanchez, Adrian Mercado, Todd Hagobian, Suzanne Phelan
BACKGROUND: Low-income Hispanic women experience elevated rates of high postpartum weight retention (PPWR), which is an independent risk factor for lifetime obesity. Sociocultural factors might play an important role among Hispanic women; however, very few studies have examined this association. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to examine the associations between acculturation and maternal diet, physical activity, and PPWR. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study of baseline data from 282 Hispanic women participating in the FitMoms/Mamás Activas study, a randomized controlled trial examining the impact of primarily an internet-based weight control program, in reducing PPWR among low-income women...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816540/a-comparison-of-patient-and-health-care-professional-views-when-assessing-quality-of-information-on-pituitary-adenoma-available-on-the-internet
#8
Irena Druce, Chantal Williams, Carolyn Baggoo, Erin Keely, Janine Malcolm
Introduction Patients are increasingly turning to the internet to seek reliable sources of health information and desire guidance in assessing the quality of information as healthcare becomes progressively more complex. Pituitary adenomas are a rare, diverse group of tumors associated with increased mortality and morbidity whose management requires a multidisciplinary approach. As such, patients with this disorder are often searching for additional sources of healthcare information. Objective We undertook a study to assess the quality of information available on the internet for patients with pituitary adenoma...
August 17, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816497/inclusion-of-gaming-disorder-criteria-in-icd-11-a-clinical-perspective-in-favor
#9
Susumu Higuchi, Hideki Nakayama, Satoko Mihara, Masaki Maezono, Takashi Kitayuguchi, Takuma Hashimoto
Data from a specialist treatment facility for Internet addiction (IA) in Japan showed that (a) the vast majority of treatment seekers are addicted to online games, (b) their symptoms are often quite severe, and (c) there is a significant demand for IA treatment. In addition, systemic obstacles to the delivery of medical services in Japan exist due to the exclusion of IA criteria from ICD-10. Consequently, the inclusion of GD criteria in ICD-11 will almost certainly increase the capacity and quality of treatment through advances in research and possible changes in national medical systems to meet treatment demand...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815479/validation-of-the-internet-addiction-test-in-students-at-a-pakistani-medical-and-dental-school
#10
Ahmed Waqas, Faisal Farooq, Mohsin Raza, Saamia Tahir Javed, Spogmai Khan, Mahrukh Elahi Ghumman, Sadiq Naveed, Mark Haddad
Despite growing concerns over pathological internet usage, studies based on validated psychometric instruments are still lacking in Pakistan. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) in a sample of Pakistani students. A total of 522 students of medicine and dentistry completed the questionnaire, which consisted of four sections: (a) demographics, (b) number of hours spent on the Internet per day, (c) English version of the IAT, and (d) the Defense Style Questionnaire-40...
August 17, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815460/developing-a-system-for-processing-health-data-of-children-using-digitalized-toys-ethical-and-privacy-concerns-for-the-internet-of-things-paradigm
#11
REVIEW
María Luisa Martín-Ruíz, Celia Fernández-Aller, Eloy Portillo, Javier Malagón, Cristina Del Barrio
EDUCERE (Ubiquitous Detection Ecosystem to Care and Early Stimulation for Children with Developmental Disorders) is a government funded research and development project. EDUCERE objectives are to investigate, develop, and evaluate innovative solutions for society to detect changes in psychomotor development through the natural interaction of children with toys and everyday objects, and perform stimulation and early attention activities in real environments such as home and school. In the EDUCERE project, an ethical impact assessment is carried out linked to a minors' data protection rights...
August 16, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815439/predatory-journals-spamming-for-publications-what-should-researchers-do
#12
Aamir Raoof Memon
In the internet era spam has become a big problem. Researchers are troubled with unsolicited or bulk spam emails inviting them to publish. However, this strategy has helped predatory journals hunt their prey and earn money. These journals have grown tremendously during the past few years despite serious efforts by researchers and scholarly organizations to hinder their growth. Predatory journals and publishers are often based in developing countries, and they potentially target researchers from these counties by using different tactics identified in previous research...
August 16, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815350/already-at-the-table-patterns-of-play-and-gambling-involvement-prior-to-gambling-expansion
#13
Sarah E Nelson, Debi A LaPlante, Heather M Gray, Matthew A Tom, John H Kleschinsky, Howard J Shaffer
During 2011, the Governor of Massachusetts signed a bill to allow casino gambling in the state (Commonwealth of Massachusetts 2011). As a result, two resort casinos will begin operations during 2018 and 2019; a smaller slots parlor began operations during June 2015. Prior to this expansion, gambling was widely available in Massachusetts, through the state lottery, off-track betting, and gambling opportunities available in neighboring states. Within this context, it is important to understand the patterns of gambling involvement in the population prior to gambling expansion...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815260/-improving-the-teaching-quality-by-multiple-tools-and-technology-in-oral-histopathology-experimental-course
#14
Zhen Tian, Li-Zhen Wang, Yu-Hua Hu, Chun-Ye Zhang, Jiang Li
PURPOSES: Oral histopathology is a course which needs to be combined with theory and practice closely. Experimental course plays an important role in teaching oral histopathology. Here, we aim to explore a series of effective measures to improve the teaching quality of experimental course and tried to train observation, thinking, analysis and problem solving skills of dental students. METHODS: We re-edited and updated the experimental textbook "guidelines of experimental course of oral histopathology", and published the reference book for experimental course--"color pocket atlas of oral histopathology: experiment and diadactic teaching"...
April 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815224/a-picture-is-worth-a-thousand-words-electronic-cigarette-content-on-instagram-and-pinterest
#15
Alexander S Lee, Joy L Hart, Clara G Sears, Kandi L Walker, Allison Siu, Courteney Smith
INTRODUCTION: This study examined electronic cigarette (e-cig) content in visual materials posted on the social-media platforms Instagram and Pinterest. Both platforms allow users to upload pictures to the internet and share them globally. Users can search for pictures tagged with specific keywords and phrases. METHODS: Using content analysis, this study identified themes in image postings of e-cigs on social media. During five weeks of data collection, keywords were used to identify pictures related to e-cigs...
July 2017: Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814837/simulating-clinical-trial-visits-yields-patient-insights-into-study-design-and-recruitment
#16
S Sam Lim, Alan J Kivitz, Doug McKinnell, M Edward Pierson, Faye S O'Brien
PURPOSE: We elicited patient experiences from clinical trial simulations to aid in future trial development and to improve patient recruitment and retention. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two simulations of draft Phase II and Phase III anifrolumab studies for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)/lupus nephritis (LN) were performed involving African-American patients from Grady Hospital, an indigent care hospital in Atlanta, GA, USA, and white patients from Altoona Arthritis and Osteoporosis Center in Altoona, PA, USA...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814276/treatment-outcomes-of-patients-with-multidrug-resistant-and-extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-hunan-province-china
#17
Kefyalew Addis Alene, Hengzhong Yi, Kerri Viney, Emma S McBryde, Kunyun Yang, Liqiong Bai, Darren J Gray, Archie C A Clements, Zuhui Xu
BACKGROUND: The worldwide emergence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) has posed additional challenges for global tuberculosis (TB) control efforts, as limited treatment options are available and treatment outcomes are often sub-optimal. This study determined treatment outcomes among a cohort of MDR-TB and XDR-TB patients in Hunan Province, China, and identified factors associated with poor treatment outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study using data obtained from medical records of TB patients in Hunan Chest Hospital, and from the internet-based TB management information system managed by the Tuberculosis Control Institute of Hunan Province, for the period 2011 to 2014...
August 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813920/compensating-for-telecommunication-delays-during-robotic-telerehabilitation
#18
Leonardo J Consoni, Adriano A G Siqueira, Hermano I Krebs
Rehabilitation robotic systems may afford better care and telerehabilitation may extend the use and benefits of robotic therapy to the home. Data transmissions over distance are bound by intrinsic communication delays which can be significant enough to deem the activity unfeasible. Here we describe an approach that combines unilateral robotic telerehabilitation and serious games. This approach has a modular and distributed design that permits different types of robots to interact without substantial code changes...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813919/adding-navigation-artificial-audition-and-vital-sign-monitoring-capabilities-to-a-telepresence-mobile-robot-for-remote-home-care-applications
#19
Sebastien Laniel, Dominic Letourneau, Mathieu Labbe, Francois Grondin, Janice Polgar, Francois Michaud
A telepresence mobile robot is a remote-controlled, wheeled device with wireless internet connectivity for bidirectional audio, video and data transmission. In health care, a telepresence robot could be used to have a clinician or a caregiver assist seniors in their homes without having to travel to these locations. Many mobile telepresence robotic platforms have recently been introduced on the market, bringing mobility to telecommunication and vital sign monitoring at reasonable costs. What is missing for making them effective remote telepresence systems for home care assistance are capabilities specifically needed to assist the remote operator in controlling the robot and perceiving the environment through the robot's sensors or, in other words, minimizing cognitive load and maximizing situation awareness...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813689/large-scale-machine-learning-of-media-outlets-for-understanding-public-reactions-to-nation-wide-viral-infection-outbreaks
#20
Sungwoon Choi, Jangho Lee, Min-Gyu Kang, Hyeyoung Min, Yoon-Seok Chang, Sungroh Yoon
From May to July 2015, there was a nation-wide outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) in Korea. MERS is caused by MERS-CoV, an enveloped, positive-sense, single stranded RNA virus belonging to the family Coronaviridae. Despite expert opinions that the danger of MERS might be exaggerated, there was an overreaction by the public according to the Korean mass media, which led to a noticeable reduction in social and economic activities during the outbreak. To explain this phenomenon, we presumed that machine learning-based analysis of media outlets would be helpful and collected a number of Korean mass media articles and short-text comments produced during the 10-week outbreak...
August 13, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
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