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Pediatric sports physicals

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771826/pediatric-nasal-traumas-contribution-of-epidemiological-features-to-detect-the-distinction-between-nasal-fractures-and-nasal-soft-tissue-injuries
#1
Taliye Cakabay, Selin Ustun Bezgin
OBJECTIVES: Nasal bone is prone to injury due of its prominent position on the face. Epidemiologic surveys are necessary to investigate nasal traumas. The aim of the present study is to examine the distribution of trauma etiologies according to age, sex, and seasonality in pediatric patients who present with nasal trauma, and to classify the pathologies according to their etiology as nasal fractures or nasal soft tissue injuries. METHODS: A total of 200 pediatric patients aged between 0 and 18 years who were admitted to the emergency room with sustained nasal trauma between September 1, 2015 and August 1, 2016 and who were diagnosed with an either nasal fracture or nasal soft tissue injury were retrospectively analyzed...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766143/when-should-screening-of-pediatric-trauma-patients-for-adult-behaviors-start
#2
Adrian A Maung, Robert D Becher, Kevin M Schuster, Kimberly A Davis
Background: Care of patients with trauma is not only limited to the sustained physical injuries but also requires addressing social issues, such as substance abuse and interpersonal violence, which are responsible for trauma-related recidivism. This study investigates whether there are age-related variations in these problematic social behaviors to analyze whether there is an age cut-off at which point adolescents should be screened for adult social behaviors. Methods: Retrospective review of patients with trauma aged 12-21 admitted to an urban Level 1 adult and pediatric trauma center between February 2013 and April 2016...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735573/adolescent-consumption-of-sports-drinks
#3
Kyla Cordrey, Sarah A Keim, Ruth Milanaik, Andrew Adesman
BACKGROUND: Sports drinks are aggressively marketed to teenagers to replenish fluids and/or electrolytes. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, typical adolescent physical activity does not require sports drink rehydration. Given US obesity rates and that sugar-sweetened sports drinks add superfluous calories to the diet, it is important to assess adolescent sports drink consumption and changes over time. METHODS: Researchers in the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey and 2010 National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Survey collected nationally representative samples of US high school students about sports drink consumption...
May 7, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675071/pediatric-head-injury-a-study-of-403-cases-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-a-developing-country
#4
Abrar Ahad Wani, Arif Hussain Sarmast, Muzaffar Ahangar, Nayil Khursheed Malik, Sarabjit Singh Chhibber, Sajad Hussain Arif, Altaf Umar Ramzan, Bashir Ahmed Dar, Zulfiqar Ali
Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Falls are the most common type of injury, followed by motor vehicle-related accidents and child abuse. Aims and Objectives: The aim and objective of this study was to elucidate the various modes of injury, prognostic factors, complications, incidence of various modes of injury, and outcome in TBI in pediatric population. Materials and Methods: Patients with TBI, 18 years or less in age, managed in our Department of Neurosurgery, over a period of 2 years, were studied prospectively...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650310/electronic-health-record-with-computerized-decision-support-tools-for-the-purposes-of-a-pediatric-cardiovascular-heart-disease-screening-program-in-crete
#5
Ilias Chatzakis, Kostas Vassilakis, Christos Lionis, Ioannis Germanakis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Early detection of cardiovascular (CV) disease or associated risk factors during childhood is of paramount importance, allowing for early treatment or lifestyle modifications, respectively. The objective of this study was to describe the development of an electronic health record (EHR), with integrated computerized decision support system (CDSS), specifically designed for supporting the needs of a pilot pediatric CV disease screening program applied on primary school students of a Mediterranean island...
June 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601343/a-preliminary-investigation-of-accelerometer-derived-sleep-and-physical-activity-following-sport-related-concussion
#6
Alicia M Sufrinko, Erin K Howie, R J Elbin, Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos
OBJECTIVE: Describe changes in postconcussion activity levels and sleep throughout recovery in a sample of pediatric sport-related concussion (SRC) patients, and examine the predictive value of accelerometer-derived activity and sleep on subsequent clinical outcomes at a follow-up clinic visit. SETTING: Outpatient concussion clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty athletes aged 12 to 19 years with diagnosed SRC. METHODS: Prospective study including visit 1 (<72 hours postinjury) and visit 2 (6-18 days postinjury)...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596007/outpatient-physical-therapy-cardiovascular-assessment-physical-therapist-perspective-and-experience
#7
Ali Mufraih Albarrati
BACKGROUND: Physical therapists are recognized healthcare providers who play an important role in cardiovascular disease prevention. Heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP) are important parameters in cardiovascular risk assessment; however, physical therapists do not usually integrate them into clinical practice. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the current practice and opinion of outpatient physical therapists toward HR and BP measurements in clinics. METHODS: A 12-item survey questionnaire was distributed to outpatient physical therapists...
March 29, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594177/2018-international-olympic-committee-consensus-statement-on-prevention-diagnosis-and-management-of-pediatric-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries
#8
Clare L Ardern, Guri Ekås, Hege Grindem, Håvard Moksnes, Allen F Anderson, Franck Chotel, Moises Cohen, Magnus Forssblad, Theodore J Ganley, Julian A Feller, Jón Karlsson, Mininder S Kocher, Robert F LaPrade, Mike McNamee, Bert Mandelbaum, Lyle Micheli, Nicholas G H Mohtadi, Bruce Reider, Justin P Roe, Romain Seil, Rainer Siebold, Holly J Silvers-Granelli, Torbjørn Soligard, Erik Witvrouw, Lars Engebretsen
In October 2017, the International Olympic Committee hosted an international expert group of physical therapists and orthopaedic surgeons who specialize in treating and researching pediatric anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. The purpose of this meeting was to provide a comprehensive, evidence-informed summary to support the clinician and help children with ACL injury and their parents/guardians make the best possible decisions. Representatives from the following societies attended: American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine; European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society; European Society for Sports Traumatology, Knee Surgery, and Arthroscopy; International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine; Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America; and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Artroscopia, Rodilla, y Deporte...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593182/high-defect-stage-contralateral-defects-and-poor-flexibility-are-negative-predictive-factors-of-bone-union-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-athletes-with-spondylolysis
#9
Kazufumi Yamazaki, Shintaro Kota, Daisuke Oikawa, Yoshiji Suzuki
PURPOSE: To identify predisposition to spondylolysis and physical characteristics associated with "bone union" following conservative spondylolysis treatment among pediatric and adolescent athletes. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed pediatric and adolescent athletes with spondylolysis who underwent conservative treatment and rehabilitation for three or more consecutive months following sports activity cessation. Patients with terminal spondylolysis or who did not discontinue sports activities were excluded...
2018: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578997/commentary-on-role-of-pediatric-physical-therapists-in-promoting-sports-participation-in-developmental-coordination-disorder
#10
Lisa Dannemiller, Melinda Mueller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578996/role-of-pediatric-physical-therapists-in-promoting-sports-participation-in-developmental-coordination-disorder
#11
Imke L J Adams, Wenke Broekkamp, Peter H Wilson, Christine Imms, Anneloes Overvelde, Bert Steenbergen
PURPOSE: To explore the role of pediatric physical therapists (PPT) in promoting sports participation in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and identify associated barriers and facilitators. METHODS: Questionnaires were provided to 243 PPTs. Qualitative, semistructured, in-depth interviews were administered with the PPTs, children with DCD, and parents. RESULTS: Approximately 67% of questionnaires were returned. Approximately 46% of PPTs were active in guiding children with DCD to sports clubs...
April 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513554/the-hospital-for-special-surgery-pediatric-functional-activity-brief-scale-hss-pedi-fabs-normative-data
#12
Peter D Fabricant, Joash R Suryavanshi, Jacob G Calcei, Robert G Marx, Roger F Widmann, Daniel W Green
BACKGROUND: Recent data have shown an increase in youth sports participation at younger ages, which may be linked to greater musculoskeletal injury risk. The Hospital for Special Surgery Pediatric Functional Activity Brief Scale (HSS Pedi-FABS) is a validated 8-item instrument designed to quantify the activity of children between 10 and 18 years old. Normative data on pediatric and adolescent activity level are unknown. PURPOSE: To establish normative activity-level data for American youth and to determine if there is a natural decrease in activity level during adolescence...
April 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486750/study-protocol-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study-on-the-effect-of-a-game-based-exercise-training-program-on-promoting-physical-fitness-and-mental-health-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Clare C W Yu, Simpson W L Wong, Farica S F Lo, Raymond C H So, Dorothy F Y Chan
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal physical activity levels and tolerance, poor motor skills and poor physical health are demonstrated in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). We speculate that social interaction and communication deficits in children with ASD are two major factors that hinder these children from actively participating in group physical activities. While previous studies have demonstrated that exercise intervention improves motor skills and behavioral outcomes in children with ASD, these programs tend to focus only on a single sport, which may not cater to the interests of different children with ASD...
February 27, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484236/efficacy-of-the-stretch-band-ankle-traction-technique-in-the-treatment-of-pediatric-patients-with-acute-ankle-sprains-a-randomized-control-trial
#14
Kathryn Iammarino, James Marrie, Mitchell Selhorst, Linda P Lowes
Background: Ankle injuries account for up to 40% of all sport related injuries. These injuries can result in weeks to months of missed sport or work. The PRICE (Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) treatment is standard care for most acute ankle sprains. Recently, early mobilization in adults has been shown to decrease time off from sport or work, and the likelihood of developing chronic instability. To date, no research has been performed assessing the effectiveness of early mobilization in pediatric patients (<18 years)...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470319/splenic-rupture-in-children-with-portal-hypertension
#15
Orith Waisbourd-Zinman, Amit Shah, Henry C Lin, Elizabeth B Rand
INTRODUCTION: Massive splenomegaly from portal hypertension (PHTN) in children raises the specter of splenic rupture; however, the incidence, etiology, and risk of rupture have not been studied, nor have existing practices to reduce risk. We therefore performed an international survey to describe the splenic rupture cases in PHTN and to describe the existing empirical practice among hepatologists. METHODS: A questionnaire was constructed to elicit cases of splenic rupture and collect hepatologists' common practices for prevention of splenic rupture...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449771/the-effectiveness-of-manual-physical-therapy-interventions-in-pediatric-patients-with-anterior-hip-pain-a-retrospective-study
#16
Mindy Galleher, Briana Crowe, Mitchell Selhorst
Objectives: The purposes of this study were to: (1) assess the benefit of adding manual therapy (MT) to physical therapy care in pediatric patients with anterior hip pain; (2) assess the relative risk of adverse reactions when MT is used; and (3) report the types of MT used. Methods: This study was a retrospective chart review of patients treated in a hospital-based sports medicine clinic. The charts of 201 patients (mean age = 14.23 ± 2.15 years) met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed...
December 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374832/sport-based-physical-activity-recommendations-and-modifications-in-c-reactive-protein-and-arterial-thickness
#17
Suziane Ungari Cayres, Fabio Santos de Lira, Han C G Kemper, Jamile Sanches Codogno, Maurício Fregonesi Barbosa, Romulo Araújo Fernandes
We analyzed the effects of 1 year of engagement in ≥ 300 min/week of organized sports on inflammatory levels and vascular structure in adolescents. The sample was composed of 89 adolescents (11.6 ± 0.7 years old [43 boys and 46 girls]), stratified according to engagement in ≥ 300 min/week of sport practice during at least 12 months of follow-up (n = 15, sport practice; n = 74, non-sport practice). Arterial thickness (carotid and femoral) was assessed by ultrasound scan, while high sensitive C-reactive protein levels were used to assess inflammatory status...
April 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315453/a-partial-posterior-bundle-ulnar-collateral-ligament-tear-in-a-10-year-old-boy
#18
Todd P Pierce, Jennifer Kurowicki, Kimona Issa, Anthony Festa, Vincent K McInerney, Anthony J Scillia
Medial-sided elbow pain is becoming more common among pediatric overhead sport athletes. One potential cause of this is a partial or complete tear of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL). Because the growth plate remains open in many of these athletes, the most common injury experienced is an avulsion at the medial epicondyle. However, although rare, there is a potential to tear the UCL, with the most common tears occurring at the anterior bundle. However, tears to the posterior bundle are quite rare in pediatric patients...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313283/edmonton-obesity-staging-system-among-pediatric-patients-a-validation-and-obesogenic-risk-factor-analysis
#19
M G Grammatikopoulou, M Chourdakis, K Gkiouras, P Roumeli, D Poulimeneas, E Apostolidou, I Chountalas, I Tirodimos, O Filippou, S Papadakou-Lagogianni, T Dardavessis
PURPOSE: The Edmonton Obesity Staging System for Pediatrics (EOSS-P) is a useful tool, delineating different obesity severity tiers associated with distinct treatment barriers. The aim of the study was to apply the EOSS-P on a Greek pediatric cohort and assess risk factors associated with each stage, compared to normal weight controls. METHODS: A total of 361 children (2-14 years old), outpatients of an Athenian hospital, participated in this case-control study by forming two groups: the obese (n = 203) and the normoweight controls (n = 158)...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298678/the-brainfit-study-efficacy-of-cognitive-training-and-exergaming-in-pediatric-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Valentin Benzing, Noëmi Eggenberger, Janine Spitzhüttl, Valerie Siegwart, Manuela Pastore-Wapp, Claus Kiefer, Nedelina Slavova, Michael Grotzer, Theda Heinks, Mirko Schmidt, Achim Conzelmann, Maja Steinlin, Regula Everts, Kurt Leibundgut
BACKGROUND: Cancer survival comes at a price: pediatric cancer survivors bear a high risk for a wide range of cognitive difficulties. Therefore, interventions targeting these difficulties are required. The aim of the present clinical trial is to extend empirical evidence about efficacy of cognitive and physical training in pediatric cancer survivors. It is hypothesized that early cognitive and physical interventions affect the remediation of pediatric cancer survivors in terms of improved executive functions (primary outcome)...
January 3, 2018: BMC Cancer
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