Read by QxMD icon Read


Isabel Lozano-Montoya, Andrea Correa-Pérez, Iosief Abraha, Roy L Soiza, Antonio Cherubini, Denis O'Mahony, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft
BACKGROUND: Physical frailty (PF) and sarcopenia are predictors of negative health outcomes such as falls, disability, hospitalization, and death. Some systematic reviews (SRs) have been published on different nonpharmacological treatments of frailty and sarcopenia using heterogeneous definitions of them. OBJECTIVE: To critically appraise the evidence from SRs of the primary studies on nonpharmacological interventions to treat PF (defined by Fried's frailty phenotype) and sarcopenia (defined by the EWGSOP) in older patients...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Iosief Abraha, Joseph M Rimland, Fabiana Mirella Trotta, Giuseppina Dell'Aquila, Alfonso Cruz-Jentoft, Mirko Petrovic, Adalsteinn Gudmundsson, Roy Soiza, Denis O'Mahony, Antonio Guaita, Antonio Cherubini
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of non-pharmacological interventions for behavioural and psychological symptoms in dementia (BPSD). DESIGN: Systematic overview of reviews. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CINAHL and PsycINFO (2009-March 2015). ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Systematic reviews (SRs) that included at least one comparative study evaluating any non-pharmacological intervention, to treat BPSD...
March 16, 2017: BMJ Open
I Abraha, J M Rimland, F Trotta, V Pierini, A Cruz-Jentoft, R Soiza, D O'Mahony, A Cherubini
DESCRIPTION: The ONTOP project aims to undertake a literature search of systematic reviews concerning evidence-based non-pharmacological interventions of prevalent medical conditions affecting older people, including delirium. OBJECTIVES: To develop explicit and transparent recommendations for non-pharmacological interventions in older subjects at risk of developing delirium, as well as in older subjects with delirium, based on the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach to rating the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Joseph M Rimland, Iosief Abraha, Giuseppina Dell'Aquila, Alfonso Cruz-Jentoft, Roy Soiza, Adalsteinn Gudmusson, Mirko Petrovic, Denis O'Mahony, Chris Todd, Antonio Cherubini
BACKGROUND: Falls are common events in older people, which cause considerable morbidity and mortality. Non-pharmacological interventions are an important approach to prevent falls. There are a large number of systematic reviews of non-pharmacological interventions, whose evidence needs to be synthesized in order to facilitate evidence-based clinical decision making. OBJECTIVES: To systematically examine reviews and meta-analyses that evaluated non-pharmacological interventions to prevent falls in older adults in the community, care facilities and hospitals...
2016: PloS One
Isabel Lozano-Montoya, Manuel Vélez-Díaz-Pallarés, Iosief Abraha, Antonio Cherubini, Roy L Soiza, Denis O'Mahony, Beatriz Montero-Errasquín, Andrea Correa-Pérez, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers (PUs) are frequent in older patients, and the healing process is usually challenging, therefore, prevention should be the first strategic line in PU management. Nonpharmacologic interventions may play a role in the prevention of PUs in older people, but most systematic reviews (SRs) have not addressed this specific population using convincing outcome measures. OBJECTIVE: To summarize and critically appraise the evidence from SRs of the primary studies on nonpharmacologic interventions to prevent PUs in older patients...
April 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Iosief Abraha, Fabiana Trotta, Joseph M Rimland, Alfonso Cruz-Jentoft, Isabel Lozano-Montoya, Roy L Soiza, Valentina Pierini, Paolo Dessì Fulgheri, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Denis O'Mahony, Antonio Cherubini
BACKGROUND: Non-pharmacological intervention (e.g. multidisciplinary interventions, music therapy, bright light therapy, educational interventions etc.) are alternative interventions that can be used in older subjects. There are plenty reviews of non-pharmacological interventions for the prevention and treatment of delirium in older patients and clinicians need a synthesized, methodologically sound document for their decision making. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We performed a systematic overview of systematic reviews (SRs) of comparative studies concerning non-pharmacological intervention to treat or prevent delirium in older patients...
2015: PloS One
Manuel Vélez-Díaz-Pallarés, Isabel Lozano-Montoya, Iosief Abraha, Antonio Cherubini, Roy L Soiza, Denis O'Mahony, Beatriz Montero-Errasquín, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers (PUs) are more frequent in older patients, and the healing process is usually challenging. Nonpharmacologic interventions may play a role in the treatment of older people with PUs, but most systematic reviews (SRs) have not addressed this specific population using convincing outcome measures. OBJECTIVE: To summarize and critically appraise the evidence from SRs of the primary studies on nonpharmacologic interventions to treat PUs in older patients...
June 1, 2015: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Iosief Abraha, Alfonso Cruz-Jentoft, Roy L Soiza, Denis O'Mahony, Antonio Cherubini
INTRODUCTION: Non-pharmacological therapies for common chronic medical conditions in older patients are underused in clinical practice. We propose a protocol for the assessment of the evidence of non-pharmacological interventions to prevent or treat relevant outcomes in several prevalent geriatric conditions in order to provide recommendations. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The conditions of interest for which the evidence about efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions will be searched include delirium, falls, pressure sores, urinary incontinence, dementia, heart failure, orthostatic hypotension, sarcopaenia and stroke...
January 27, 2015: BMJ Open
Atsushi Beniya, Noritake Isomura, Hirohito Hirata, Yoshihide Watanabe
The adsorption states of size-selected Ptn clusters (7 ≤ n ≤ 20) soft-landed on an Al2O3/NiAl(110) substrate were investigated using scanning tunneling microscopy, infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy, and temperature programmed desorption. Ptn clusters lay flat on the surface with a planar structure (n ≤ 18), and three-dimensional two-layer clusters start to appear at n ≥ 19. By considering the Pt-Pt and Pt-oxide bonds in the cluster, the morphological transition could be reasonably explained...
December 28, 2014: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
April D Lewoczko, Joseph J BelBruno
Using density functional theory calculations, we report on the adsorption of methylamine on gold and compare its adsorption to a selection of alkylamines, methanol and methanethiol. On the (111) surface, the amines, thiol and alcohol bind in the ontop site with a preference over hollow and bridge sites of 0.3 eV, 0.2 eV and 0.1 eV for methylamine, methanethiol and methanol, respectively. The effect of steps is considered on the (211) surface of gold and we find that methylamine adsorbs 0.2 eV more strongly in the step ontop site of the surface than on the (111) surface...
April 7, 2013: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Anu Thukral, Arun Sasi, Deepak Chawla, Parul Datta, Sheeza Wahid, Suman Rao, Venkatnarayan Kannan, Aruna Veeragandam, Srinivas Murki, Ashok K Deorari
BACKGROUND: Internet-based distance learning combined with local hands-on skill enhancement can provide high-quality standardized education to in-service healthcare professionals in a wide geographical area. OBJECTIVE: Primary objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of internet-based distance learning in conjunction with local hands-on skill enhancement in improving knowledge and skills of essential newborn care among in-service nursing health professionals...
December 2012: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
F P Cometto, P Paredes-Olivera, V A Macagno, E M Patrito
The structure, the surface bonding, and the energetics of alkanethiols adsorbed on Cu(111), Ag(111), and Au(111) surfaces were studied under low and high coverages. The potential energy surfaces (PES) for the thiol/metal interaction were investigated in the absence and presence of externally applied electric fields in order to simulate the effect of the electrode potential on the surface bonding. The electric field affects the corrugation of the PES which decreases for negative fields and increases for positive fields...
November 24, 2005: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Michiel K Oudenhuijzen, Jeroen A van Bokhoven, Jeffrey T Miller, David E Ramaker, Diederik C Koningsberger
Pt L(3) X-ray absorption edge data on small supported Pt particles (N < 6.5) reveals that at very low H(2) pressure or high temperature the strongest bonded H is chemisorbed in an atop position. With decreasing temperature or at higher H(2) pressure only n-fold (n = 2 or 3) sites are occupied. At high H(2) pressure or low temperature, the weakest bonded H is positioned in an "ontop" site, with the chemisorbing Pt already having a stronger bond to a H atom in an n-fold site. DFT calculations show that the adsorption energy of hydrogen increases for Pt particles on ionic (basic) supports...
February 9, 2005: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Young-Kyu Han, Jaehoon Jung
We have performed density functional calculations for the structures and stabilities of Al(13)I at the scalar relativistic pseudopotential and all-electron levels of theory. The Al(13) moiety in Al(13)I is significantly distorted and structurally similar to an Al(13) cation, where the natural population is -0.27e for the I atom. Unlike other Al(13)-M (M=H, alkali metals, and coinage metals) clusters, a C(s)-ontop structure was found to be the most stable form. The Al(13)I cluster has a large Al(13)-I binding energy of 3...
November 1, 2004: Journal of Chemical Physics
M Morris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 1979: Nursing Mirror
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"