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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926978/potential-blood-biomarkers-in-chronic-spontaneous-urticaria
#1
Pavel Kolkhir, Fiona Andre, Martin K Church, Marcus Maurer, Martin Metz
BACKGROUND: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a mast cell-driven disease that is defined as the recurrence of wheals, angioedema, or both for >6 weeks due to known or unknown causes. As of yet, disease diagnosis is purely clinical. Objective tools are needed to monitor the activity of CSU and the efficacy of treatment. Recently, several reports have suggested that blood parameters may be considered as potential disease-related biomarkers. OBJECTIVE: To review available literature on blood biomarkers for CSU diagnosis, activity monitoring, duration, patient subgroups allocation or response to treatment...
December 7, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926905/sildenafil-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-maternal-tolerance-and-obstetric-and-perinatal-outcomes
#2
Liam Dunn, Ristan Greer, Vicki Flenady, Sailesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: This systematic review evaluates maternal tolerance and obstetric and perinatal outcomes following sildenafil citrate (SC) use in human pregnancy. DATA SOURCES: Scopus, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Embase, and Google Scholar were searched. Relevant full-text studies including case series and reports in English were included. Publications were excluded if the pregnancy was terminated or if SC was used only at conception. RESULTS: Sixteen studies were included (n = 165)...
December 8, 2016: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925832/twitter-as-a-tool-for-health-research-a-systematic-review
#3
Lauren Sinnenberg, Alison M Buttenheim, Kevin Padrez, Christina Mancheno, Lyle Ungar, Raina M Merchant
BACKGROUND: Researchers have used traditional databases to study public health for decades. Less is known about the use of social media data sources, such as Twitter, for this purpose. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the use of Twitter in health research, define a taxonomy to describe Twitter use, and characterize the current state of Twitter in health research. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a literature search in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and CINAHL through September 2015...
January 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924966/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-pakistan-current-prevalence-and-future-forecast
#4
Sultan Ayoub Meo, Inam Zia, Ishfaq A Bukhari, Shoukat Ali Arain
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic health problem of all age groups, both gender, involves rural and urban areas and developing and developed countries globally. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Pakistan. Systematic bibliographic search of scientific databases including PubMed, ISI-web of science and Google Scholar was conducted with key words of "type 2 diabetes mellitus" "prevalence", "incidence", "occurrence". A total of 22 peer reviewed papers published in ISI and PubMed indexed journals were selected and examined...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924622/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-preventable-hospitalizations-for-chronic-disease-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#5
Riddhi P Doshi, Robert H Aseltine, Alyse B Sabina, Garth N Graham
BACKGROUND: Hospitalizations due to ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) result in high morbidity and economic burden on the American healthcare system. Admissions due to chronic ACSCs, in particular, cost the American healthcare system over 30 billion dollars annually. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: This paper presents the current research on racial and ethnic disparities in the burden of hospitalizations due to chronic ACSCs. For this narrative review, we evaluated over 800 abstracts from MEDLINE and Google Scholar and cited 62 articles...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923752/the-use-of-google-glass-to-enhance-the-surgical-education-of-neurosurgery-residents-a-proof-of-concept-study
#6
Jonathan Nakhla, Andrew Kobets, Rafeal De la Garza Ramos, Neil Haranhalli, Yaroslav Gelfand, Adam Ammar, Murray Echt, Aleka Scoco, Merritt Kinon, Reza Yassari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 3, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921190/elearning-resources-to-supplement-postgraduate-neurosurgery-training
#7
Martin N Stienen, Karl Schaller, Hannah Cock, Vitalie Lisnic, Luca Regli, Simon Thomson
BACKGROUND: In an increasingly complex and competitive professional environment, improving methods to educate neurosurgical residents is key to ensure high-quality patient care. Electronic (e)Learning resources promise interactive knowledge acquisition. We set out to give a comprehensive overview on available eLearning resources that aim to improve postgraduate neurosurgical training and review the available literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A MEDLINE query was performed, using the search term "electronic AND learning AND neurosurgery"...
December 5, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920350/symptom-cluster-research-with-biomarkers-and-genetics-using-latent-class-analysis
#8
Samantha Conley
The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of latent class analysis (LCA) and examples from symptom cluster research that includes biomarkers and genetics. A review of LCA with genetics and biomarkers was conducted using Medline, Embase, PubMed, and Google Scholar. LCA is a robust latent variable model used to cluster categorical data and allows for the determination of empirically determined symptom clusters. Researchers should consider using LCA to link empirically determined symptom clusters to biomarkers and genetics to better understand the underlying etiology of symptom clusters...
December 5, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920278/a-meta-analysis-of-the-association-of-serum-ischemia-modified-albumin-levels-with%C3%A2-human-hypothyroidism-and-hyperthyroidism
#9
Varikasuvu Seshadri Reddy, Suman Bukke, Khageshwar Mahato, Vinod Kumar, Netala Vasudeva Reddy, Manne Munikumar
BACKGROUND: Serum levels of ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) have been studied as a novel and simple measure of oxidative stress (OXS) in different thyroid pathologies. However, results of available studies in the literature were not consistent. This meta-analysis was attempted to quantify the overall effect size for serum IMA levels in human hypothyroidism (HT) and hyperthyroidism (HYT) and to study its associations with the thyroid profile. METHODS: Databases of PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, Google Scholar, Web of Science and Science Direct were searched for articles...
December 5, 2016: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918732/relationship-between-889-c-t-polymorphism-in-interleukin-1a-gene-and-risk-of-chronic-periodontitis-evidence-from-a-meta-analysis-with-new-published-findings
#10
F-R-P da Silva, A-C-C Guimarães-Vasconcelos, L-F de-Carvalho-França, D di-Lenardo, L-S Rodrigues, M-L-L Barreto-do-Nascimento, D-F-P Vasconcelos
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis results from an inflammatory response caused by accumulative microorganisms in periodontal sites. Several factors are involved in pathogenesis of periodontitis, for example the -889 C/T polymorphism in interleukin-1A gene. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between this polymorphism and risk of development of chronic periodontitis by a meta-analysis based in new published findings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thereunto a review in literature was performed in the electronic biomedical and education databases (Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, MEDLINE and PubMed) to studies published before August 2, 2015, the abstracts were evaluated and the data extraction performed by two calibrated examiners...
December 6, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917778/hla-drb1-shared-epitope-allele-polymorphisms-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Wen-Xin Liu, Yao Jiang, Qing-Xiang Hu, Xie-Bo You
PURPOSE: A meta-analysis was preformed to determine which HLA-DRB1 alleles are associated with increased risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Asian patients. METHODS: Medline, PubMed, Central, EMBASE, Cochrane, and Google Scholar databases were searched until November 3, 2015 using the following keywords: rheumatoid arthritis; RA, HLA-DRB1; severity; treatment; and, prognosis. Randomized-controlled-trials, prospective, retrospective, cohort and case-controlled studies that examined the HLA-DRB1 allelic association with RA in Asians were included...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917534/a-concept-analysis-of-compassionate-midwifery
#12
Diane Ménage, Elizabeth Bailey, Susan Lees, Jane Coad
AIM: To report a concept analysis of compassionate midwifery. BACKGROUND: Recently, compassion has been incorporated into United Kingdom nursing and midwifery language through strategy, policy, recruitment and education. Professional standards direct midwives to practise compassionately therefore the concept of compassionate midwifery exists, although this has yet to be explored as a concept in the UK or internationally. An understanding of what constitutes compassionate midwifery has the potential to increase midwifery knowledge and improve practice...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917401/aao-autoimmune-and-autoinflammatory-disease-in-otology-what-is-new-in-immune-mediated-hearing-loss
#13
REVIEW
Andrea Vambutas, Shresh Pathak
OBJECTIVES: Autoinflammatory diseases are a family of immune-mediated, rare diseases, some of which, exhibit sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), suggesting potentially similar mechanisms of molecular pathogenesis between autoinflammatory-mediated hearing loss and autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) may exist. The purpose of this review is to compare the clinical features of autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases that affect hearing, discuss the limitations of our knowledge, and highlight potential new disease mechanisms and therapeutics...
October 2016: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917223/relationship-between-il-10-gene-819c-t-polymorphism-and-the-risk-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-meta-analysis
#14
Haien Wu, JingJing Guo, Yajun He, Hekun Yin, Jianchang Shu
BACKGROUND: The -819C/T polymorphism in interleukin 10 (IL-10) gene has been reported to be associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but the previous results are conflicting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study aimed at investigating the association between this polymorphism and risk of IBD using a meta-analysis.PubMed, Web of Science,EMBASE,google scholar and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases were systematically searched to identify relevant publications from their inception to April 2016...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916532/primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-catalonia-what-is-the-clinical-evidence-that-supports-our-prosthesis
#15
D Chaverri-Fierro, L Lobo-Escolar, M Espallargues, O Martínez-Cruz, L Domingo, M Pons-Cabrafiga
INTRODUCTION: The implementation of National Prostheses Registries allows us to obtain a large amount of data and make conclusions in order to improve the use of them. Sweden was the first country to implement a National Prostheses Registry in 1979. Catalonia has been doing this since 2005. The aim of our study is to analyse the evidence that supports primary total hip replacement in Catalonia in the last 9 years, based on the Arthroplasty Registry of Catalonia (RACat). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A review of the literature was carried out of the prosthesis (acetabular cups/stems) reported in the RACat between the period 2005 to 2013 in the following databases: ODEP (Orthopaedic Data Evaluation Panel), TRIP database, PubMed, and Google Scholar...
December 1, 2016: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916381/readability-analysis-of-online-resources-related-to-lung-cancer
#16
Kathleen D Weiss, Christina R Vargas, Olivia A Ho, Danielle J Chuang, Jonathan Weiss, Bernard T Lee
BACKGROUND: Patients seeking health information commonly use the Internet as the first source for material. Studies show that well-informed patients have increased involvement, satisfaction, and healthcare outcomes. As one-third of Americans have only basic or below basic health literacy, the National Institutes of Health and American Medical Association recommend patient-directed health resources be written at a sixth-grade reading level. This study evaluates the readability of commonly accessed online resources on lung cancer...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916222/acute-amiodarone-pulmonary-toxicity-after-surgical-procedures
#17
REVIEW
Jirapat Teerakanok, Pakpoom Tantrachoti, Phumpattra Chariyawong, Kenneth Nugent
Amiodarone can cause toxicity in several organs, including amiodarone-induced pulmonary toxicity which is a subacute or chronic complication. Amiodarone-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in postoperative patients is a rare acute complication. The PubMed and Google Scholar databases were searched. Seven retrospective and prospective case series and 10 case reports of amiodarone-induced postoperative ARDS were reviewed. All patients received amiodarone chronically or during the perioperative period...
December 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915395/effect-of-potassium-citrate-supplement-on-stone-recurrence-before-or-after-lithotripsy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Maurício Carvalho, Bruna Olandoski Erbano, Eduardo Yukio Kuwaki, Halyson Pinheiro Pontes, Jonathan Wei Ting Wen Liu, Luis Henrique Boros, Marcelo Oliveira Asinelli, Cristina Pellegrino Baena
This meta-analysis summarizes the available evidence on the effectiveness of citrate supplement for preventing the recurrence of nephrolithiasis in patients undergoing extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). Electronic searches were conducted using Medline-PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, BVS (Scielo, Lilacs), and Google Scholar literature databases. The authors worked in pairs to select studies that met the following criteria: randomized controlled trials that were conducted in adults and assessed the effect of potassium citrate supplement before or after SWL therapy for urolithiasis...
December 3, 2016: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914914/association-between-dietary-isoflavones-in-soy-and-legumes-and-endometrial-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Xue-Shan Zhong, Jing Ge, Shao-Wei Chen, Yi-Quan Xiong, Shu-Juan Ma, Qing Chen
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have reported conflicting findings between soy- and legume-derived dietary isoflavones and risk of endometrial cancer. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present meta-analysis was to quantitatively investigate the association between daily intake of soy- and legume-derived isoflavones and risk of endometrial cancer. DESIGN: A broad search was conducted in the following electronic databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar, the Cochrane Library, the China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database, and the Chinese Biomedical Database based on combinations of the key words endometrial cancer, isoflavone, soy, and legume for epidemiologic studies that focused on relationships between dietary isoflavones and endometrial cancer risk...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913743/effect-of-dexmedetomidine-on-postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-in-elderly-patients-after-general-anaesthesia-a-meta-analysis
#20
Chengmao Zhou, Yu Zhu, Zhen Liu, Lin Ruan
OBJECTIVE: We undertook a meta-analysis to investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine on postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, CNKI and Google Scholar to find randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of the influence of dexmedetomidine on POCD in elderly adults who had undergone general anaesthesia. Two researchers independently screened the literature, extracted data, and evaluated methodologic quality against inclusion and exclusion criteria...
December 2, 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
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