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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636769/is-cannabis-treatment-for-anxiety-mood-and-related-disorders-ready-for-prime-time
#1
REVIEW
Jasmine Turna, Beth Patterson, Michael Van Ameringen
Anxiety and related disorders are the most common mental conditions affecting the North American population. Despite their established efficacy, first-line antidepressant treatments are associated with significant side effects, leading many afflicted individuals to seek alternative treatments. Cannabis is commonly viewed as a natural alternative for a variety of medical and mental health conditions. Currently, anxiety ranks among the top five medical symptoms for which North Americans report using medical marijuana...
June 21, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636768/driving-aggression-and-anxiety-intersections-assessment-and-interventions
#2
Heidi M Zinzow, Stephanie M Jeffirs
OBJECTIVE: Driving aggression and anxiety are significant contributors to risky driving and motor vehicle crashes (MVCs), which are leading causes of U.S. morbidity and mortality. Even though aggression and anxiety can be conceptualized as related features of the fight-or-flight response, literature on these topics has not been integrated. Driving aggression and anxiety are also transdiagnostic constructs that span multiple psychiatric disorders. Assessment and treatment of these complex problems must be understood to reduce the public health burden of MVCs...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636645/genetic-susceptibility-in-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy-systematic-review-of-genetic-association-studies
#3
Bruna Priscila Dos Santos, Chiara Rachel Maciel Marinho, Thalita Ewellyn Batista Sales Marques, Layanne Kelly Gomes Angelo, Maísa Vieira da Silva Malta, Marcelo Duzzioni, Olagide Wagner de Castro, João Pereira Leite, Fabiano Timbó Barbosa, Daniel Leite Góes Gitaí
BACKGROUND: Several genetic association investigations have been performed over the last three decades to identify variants underlying Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy (JME). Here, we evaluate the accumulating findings and provide an updated perspective of these studies. METHODOLOGY: A systematic literature search was conducted using the PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Lilacs, epiGAD, Google Scholar and Sigle up to February 12, 2016. The quality of the included studies was assessed by a score and classified as low and high quality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635987/integrative-review-of-facility-interventions-to-manage-compassion-fatigue-in-oncology-nurses
#4
Dorien Wentzel, Petra Brysiewicz
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: Oncology nurses are regularly exposed to high-stress situations that may lead to compassion fatigue, and many institutions have implemented interventions to reduce burnout in nurses, but knowledge on the feasiblity, effectiveness, and nurses' experience of interventions is lacking.
. LITERATURE SEARCH: Electronic search of literature published from 1992-2015 was performed to evaluate in-facility interventions to manage compassion fatigue in oncology nurses...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635682/relationship-between-human-mutl-homolog-1-hmlh1-hypermethylation-and-colorectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#5
Hui-Feng Zhang, You-Wang Lu, Zhen-Rong Xie, Kun-Hua Wang
BACKGROUND Hypermethylation of CpG islands in gene promoter regions is an important mechanism of gene inactivation in cancers. Promoter hypermethylation of human mutL homolog 1 (hMLH1) has been implicated in a subset of colorectal cancers that show microsatellite instability (MSI), while the connection of the epigenetic inactivation of hMLH1 in colorectal cancers remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the promoter hypermethylation of hMLH1 and colorectal cancers by performing a meta-analysis...
June 21, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635144/not-all-cultural-values-are-created-equal-cultural-change-in-china-reexamined-through-google-books
#6
Rui Zhang, Liping Weng
Given its major transformations in recent decades, China has figured prominently in research on cultural change. Previous research converges in showing a general trend towards individualism in contemporary China while noting that rising individualism tends to coexist with enduring collectivism. To further understand this, we tested whether perceived traditional importance of cultural values would modulate the trajectory of cultural change reflected in word usage frequencies in published books. We re-analysed Google's Chinese corpus since 1980 based on a broad sample of words associated with individualism-collectivism...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633395/is-sarcopenia-associated-with-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#7
Ke-Vin Chang, Tsai-Hsuan Hsu, Wei-Ting Wu, Kuo-Chin Huang, Der-Sheng Han
Objectives: to explore whether sarcopenia is associated with depression. Design: electronic literature databases from PubMed, Scopus, Embase and Google Scholar were searched. A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies was conducted. Setting: community and outpatient clinic. Participants: people with and without diagnoses of sarcopenia. Measurements: outcome measures of depression...
June 14, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632280/implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-for-primary-prevention-in-patients-with-ischemic-or-nonischemic-cardiomyopathy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Michalina Kolodziejczak, Felicita Andreotti, Mariusz Kowalewski, Antonino Buffon, Marco Matteo Ciccone, Gianfranco Parati, Pietro Scicchitano, Julia M Uminska, Stefano De Servi, Kevin P Bliden, Jacek Kubica, Alessandro Bortone, Filippo Crea, Paul Gurbel, Eliano P Navarese
Background: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) have a role in preventing cardiac arrest in patients at risk for life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Purpose: To compare ICD therapy with conventional care for the primary prevention of death of various causes in adults with ischemic or nonischemic cardiomyopathy. Data Sources: MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Google Scholar, and EMBASE databases, as well as several Web sites, from 1 April 1976 through 31 March 2017...
June 27, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632251/effects-of-nurse-led-telephone-based-supportive-interventions-for-patients-with-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#9
Soon-Rim Suh, Myung Kyung Lee
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: To evaluate the effects of nurse-led telephone-based supportive interventions (NTSIs) for patients with cancer.
. LITERATURE SEARCH: Electronic databases, including EMBASE®, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, 
Cochrane Library CENTRAL, ProQuest Medical Library, and CINAHL®, were searched through February 2016.
. DATA EVALUATION: 239 studies were identified; 16 were suitable for meta-analysis. Cochrane's risk of bias tool and the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software were used...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632035/a-comprehensive-study-of-worldwide-selfie-related-accidental-mortality-a-growing-problem-of-the-modern-society
#10
Mohit J Jain, Kinjal J Mavani
Since Oxford dictionary has described 'Selfie', selfie deaths have received a fair amount of coverage but the extent of the problem and the data behind it have not been appropriately explored. The aim of our study is to obtain epidemiological characteristics of selfie-related mortality worldwide with the objective of providing an insight to 'Why selfie', 'Why risky', 'Psychological basis' and 'measures of control.' Despite thousands of web pages, very few scientific articles are available in medical journals...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631581/the-writer-s-guide-to-education-scholarship-in-emergency-medicine-education-innovations-part-3
#11
Andrew K Hall, Carly Hagel, Teresa M Chan, Brent Thoma, Aleisha Murnaghan, Farhan Bhanji
OBJECTIVE: The scholarly dissemination of innovative medical education practices helps broaden the reach of this type of work, allowing scholarship to have an impact beyond a single institution. There is little guidance in the literature for those seeking to publish program evaluation studies and innovation papers. This study aims to derive a set of evidence-based features of high-quality reports on innovations in emergency medicine (EM) education. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review and thematic analysis to determine quality markers for medical education innovation reports, with a focus on EM...
June 20, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630750/tips-and-tricks-for-using-the-internet-for-professional-purposes
#12
Hasan Huseyin Ceylan, Nurdan Güngören, Fatih Küçükdurmaz
Online resources provide access to large amounts of information which is expanding every day. Using search engines for reaching the relevant, updated and complete literature that is indexed in various bibliographical databases has already become part of the medical professionals' everyday life.However, most researchers often fail to conduct a efficient literature search on the internet. The right techniques in literature search save time and improve the quality of the retrieved data.Efficient literature search is not a talent but a learnable skill, which should be a formal part of medical education...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629816/tinospora-species-an-overview-of-their-modulating-effects-on-the-immune-system
#13
REVIEW
Areeful Haque, Ibrahim Jantan, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Studies on the effects of natural immunomodulators to heal various diseases related to the immune system have been a growing interest in recent years. Amongst the medicinal plants, Tinospora species (family; Menispermaceae) have been one of the widely investigated plants for their modulating effects on the immune system due to their wide use in ethnomedicine to treat various ailments related to immune-related diseases. However, their ethnopharmacological uses are mainly with limited or without scientific basis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629461/cost-effectiveness-of-lung-cancer-screening-and-treatment-methods-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#14
Farbod Ebadifard Azar, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Fatemeh Pournaghi-Azar, Alireza Mazdaki, Aziz Rezapour, Parvin Ebrahimi, Negar Yousefzadeh
BACKGROUND: Due to extensive literature in the field of lung cancer and their heterogeneous results, the aim of this study was to systematically review of systematic reviews studies which reviewed the cost-effectiveness of various lung cancer screening and treatment methods. METHODS: In this systematic review of systematic reviews study, required data were collected searching the following key words which selected from Mesh: "lung cancer", "lung oncology", "lung Carcinoma", "lung neoplasm", "lung tumors", "cost- effectiveness", "systematic review" and "Meta-analysis"...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628790/associated-illness-severity-in-schizophrenia-and-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Benjamin I Perry, Dhanya Salimkumar, Daniel Green, Anne Meakin, Andrew Gibson, Deepali Mahajan, Tayyeb Tahir, Swaran P Singh
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to elucidate whether schizophrenia and type II diabetes mellitus may present with associated illness severity, in light of accumulating evidence to suggest both conditions have important shared inflammatory components with many shared inflammatory genetic factors. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review employing PRISMA criteria, searching EMBASE, Ovid MEDLINE, PsychInfo, Web of Science and Google Scholar to February 1st, 2017, for clinical studies assessing schizophrenia severity alongside dysglycaemia...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628586/building-a-pediatric-oral-health-training-curriculum-for-community-health-workers
#16
Molly Martin, William Frese, Christie Lumsden, Anna Sandoval
OBJECTIVES: Community health workers (CHWs) are a promising approach to oral health promotion in high-risk populations. This article describes the process of creating a pediatric oral health CHW training curriculum. DESIGN: Existing curricula were identified through outreach efforts to experts in the oral health and CHW fields, as well as PubMed and Google searches. After coding basic information, curricula were mapped to define oral health domains. Then group discussion was employed to determine final curriculum contents...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628537/needs-of-stroke-survivors-as-perceived-by-their-caregivers-a-scoping-review
#17
Shilpa Krishnan, Monique R Pappadis, Susan C Weller, Marsja Stearnes, Amit Kumar, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Timothy A Reistetter
OBJECTIVE: Caregivers usually are not involved while planning the stroke survivor's medical and rehabilitation goals and interventions. This review aimed to identify the needs of stroke survivors as perceived by their caregivers. DESIGN: A literature search from 2003 to 2014 was conducted using Medline, CINAHL, PsychINFO, and Google Scholar. Sixty-six studies were included. Most studies excluded did not encompass caregivers' perspectives. Four reviewers screened the titles, abstracts, and full texts of the articles for inclusion...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628222/the-value-of-electrocardiography-in-prognosticating-clinical-deterioration-and-mortality-in-acute-pulmonary-embolism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Amro Qaddoura, Geneviève C Digby, Conrad Kabali, Piotr Kukla, Zhong-Qun Zhan, Adrian M Baranchuk
The role of electrocardiography (ECG) in prognosticating pulmonary embolism (PE) is increasingly recognized. ECG is quickly interpretable, noninvasive, inexpensive, and available in remote areas. We hypothesized that ECG can provide useful information about PE prognostication. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar, Web of Science, abstracts, conference proceedings, and reference lists through February 2017. Eligible studies used ECG to prognosticate for the main outcomes of death and clinical deterioration or escalation of therapy...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627982/mirnas-as-potential-therapeutic-targets-and-diagnostic-biomarkers-for-cardiovascular-disease-with-a-particular-focus-on-wo2010091204
#19
Yanyan Yang, Tao Yu, Shaoyan Jiang, Yinfeng Zhang, Mengpeng Li, Ningning Tang, Murugavel Ponnusamy, Jian-Xun Wang, Pei-Feng Li
A number of miRNAs have been reported to be critically involved in the regulation of cardiovascular disease (CVDs). Therefore, the development of potent analogues/inhibitors for miRNAs have thus become a key focus in the present drug discovery. In this review, we discuss the basic research and clinical use of miRNAs as the early diagnosis and therapeutic targets for CVD. We have also focused on the efficiency of therapeutically targeting miR-499, which is considered as one of the most promising molecules for treating CVDs...
June 19, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627209/anorexia-y-bulimia-nerviosas-difusi%C3%A3-n-virtual-de-la-enfermedad-como-estilo-de-vida
#20
Gina Lladó, Rocío González-Soltero, María José Blanco Fernández de Valderrama
Introducción: la adolescencia es un periodo vulnerable para padecer trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA) como la anorexia y la bulimia nerviosas. La insatisfacción corporal, uno de los factores precipitantes de los TCA, conduce a las adolescentes a la búsqueda de información sobre dietas en internet. En este contexto, las páginas pro-Ana (proanorexia) y pro-Mía (probulimia) difunden contenidos altamente perjudiciales para la salud relacionados con la pérdida de peso y los TCA.Objetivos: en el presente trabajo se analizan la cantidad, el posicionamiento, la calidad y la difusión de las páginas pro-Ana y pro-Mía...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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