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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161773/silodosin-for-the-treatment-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-men-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#1
REVIEW
Jae Hung Jung, Jiye Kim, Roderick MacDonald, Balaji Reddy, Myung Ha Kim, Philipp Dahm
BACKGROUND: A variety of alpha-blockers are used for treating lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Silodosin is a novel, more selective alpha-blocker, which is specific to the lower urinary tract and may have fewer side effects than other alpha-blockers. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of silodosin for the treatment of LUTS in men with BPH. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search using multiple databases (Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Web of Science), trials registries, other sources of grey literature, and conference proceedings with no restrictions on the language of publication or publication status up until 13 June 2017...
November 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161155/the-use-of-virtual-communities-of-practice-to-improve-interprofessional-collaboration-and-education-findings-from-an-integrated-review
#2
Clodagh McLoughlin, Kunal D Patel, Tom O'Callaghan, Scott Reeves
The recent growth in online technology has led to a rapid increase in the sharing of health related information globally. Health and social care professionals are now using a wide range of virtual communities of practice (VCoPs) for learning, support, continuing professional education, knowledge management and information sharing. In this article, we report the findings from a review of the literature that explored the use of VCoPs by health and social care professionals to determine their potential for interprofessional education and collaboration...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159996/demographic-characteristics-of-teenage-boys-with-horizontal-striae-distensae-of-the-lower-back
#3
Emily Boozalis, Anna L Grossberg, Katherine B Puttgen, Candrice R Heath, Bernard A Cohen
BACKGROUND: This study examines the clinical characteristics and demographics of teenage boys with horizontal striae distensae of the lower back in an outpatient setting. METHODS: Retrospective medical chart reviews and telephone survey studies were completed on an outpatient cohort of 12 boys 11 to 17 years of age with a clinical diagnosis of transverse striae distensae of the lower back at a single-center, university-based, pediatric dermatology practice. We evaluated the clinical features of the striae, participant demographic characteristics, and past medical history...
November 21, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159860/assessment-of-sedation-level-prior-to-neonatal-intubation-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Ellen H M de Kort, Nienke M Halbmeijer, Irwin K M Reiss, Sinno H P Simons
BACKGROUND: Adequate premedication before neonatal endotracheal intubation reduces pain, stress, and adverse physiological responses, diminishes duration and number of attempts at intubation, and prevents traumatic airway injury. Therefore, intubation should not be started until an adequate level of sedation is reached. It is not clear how this should be measured in the clinical situation. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to provide a systematic review of the usability and validity of scoring systems or other objective parameters to evaluate the level of sedation before intubation in neonates...
November 20, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159661/safety-of-clomiphene-citrate-a-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Serkan Yilmaz, Neslihan Yilmaz Sezer, İlknur Münevver Gönenç, Sibel Erkal İlhan, Ebru Yilmaz
Clomiphene citrate (CC) is a nonsteroidal compound and induces ovulation indirectly. The wide usage of the CC raises a question; is it safe or not? In the light of this question, this review aimed to highlight all researches and insights into the association between the use of CC and risk of genotoxicity, cytotoxicity, embryotoxicity, teratogenicity and risk of different cancer types. We conducted a MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar search. After a careful screening process of all authors, 32 of these articles were considered as appropriate, and reviewed...
November 20, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159541/automated-detection-of-exudative-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-using-deep-learning
#6
Maximilian Treder, Jost Lennart Lauermann, Nicole Eter
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to use deep learning for the automated detection of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS: A total of 1112 cross-section SD-OCT images of patients with exudative AMD and a healthy control group were used for this study. In the first step, an open-source multi-layer deep convolutional neural network (DCNN), which was pretrained with 1.2 million images from ImageNet, was trained and validated with 1012 cross-section SD-OCT scans (AMD: 701; healthy: 311)...
November 20, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159243/data-on-people-s-interests-related-to-entry-into-the-chinese-market-based-on-internet-activity-corresponding-to-real-world-statistical-data-in-the-period-2004-2015-in-japan
#7
Weiren Fan, Tomohisa Ueda, Yoshimasa Sagane
This data article describes Internet activities in Japan related to entry into the Chinese market from 2004 to 2015 using data obtained from mining Google Trends. The search volumes were processed and correlated with statistical annual data on the number of Chinese companies founded by investment from Japanese companies. Relative search volumes generated by Google Trends reflect the increase and decrease in the number of Chinese companies founded by Japanese companies in the "real world." The correlation between relative search volumes generated by Google Trends and foundation of companies in the "real world" in the study period (2004-2015) was statistically significant...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158731/routine-drainage-of-colorectal-anastomoses-an-evidence-based-review-of-the-current-literature
#8
REVIEW
Sameh Hany Emile, Tito M Abd El-Hamed
Background: The use of prophylactic drainage after colorectal anastomoses has been long debated. This report aimed to review the current literature discussing routine drainage of colorectal anastomoses highlighting two opposite perspectives (prodrainage and antidrainage) to demonstrate the clinical utility of prophylactic drainage and its proper indications. Methods: An organized literature search was conducted querying electronic databases and Google Scholar. Articles evaluating the role of routine prophylactic drainage after colorectal anastomosis were included and divided into two categories: articles supporting the use of drains (prodrainage) and articles disputing routine drainage (antidrainage)...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158208/syndromic-surveillance-models-using-web-data-the-case-of-influenza-in-greece-and-italy-using-google-trends
#9
Loukas Samaras, Elena García-Barriocanal, Miguel-Angel Sicilia
BACKGROUND: An extended discussion and research has been performed in recent years using data collected through search queries submitted via the Internet. It has been shown that the overall activity on the Internet is related to the number of cases of an infectious disease outbreak. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to define a similar correlation between data from Google Trends and data collected by the official authorities of Greece and Europe by examining the development and the spread of seasonal influenza in Greece and Italy...
November 20, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157860/advances-in-rhinitis-models-and-mechanisms
#10
REVIEW
Anne K Ellis, Mark W Tenn
OBJECTIVE: To summarize studies highlighting recent advances in rhinitis-related research in the past 2 years. DATA SOURCES: Original research articles were procured and examined from the Rhinitis and Upper Airway Disease section of the 2015 to 2017 Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology issues. Additional original research articles were identified from PubMed and Google Scholar using the following search terms: allergic rhinitis, rhinitis, chronic rhinosinusitis, environmental exposure unit, and nasal allergen challenge...
November 18, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157512/the-closing-of-forensic-psychiatric-hospitals-in-italy-determinants-current-status-and-future-perspectives-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Claudio Di Lorito, Luca Castelletti, Ilaria Lega, Barbara Gualco, Franco Scarpa, Birgit Vӧllm
INTRODUCTION: Italy is the only country in the world to have closed forensic psychiatric hospitals and converted to fully-residential services. The international interest around this reform has not been matched by research. This scoping review aims to report the determinants of the reform, the most updated information on how the system operates, its benefits and its challenges. We further aim to discuss the implications for policy, research and practice. METHODS: 1...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155376/smartphone-apps-meet-evidence-based-medicine-the-future-of-medicine-may-or-may-not-be-in-your-smartphone
#12
Kenneth R Foster, David J Callans
"The future of medicine is in your smartphone," proclaimed an eminent medical researcher in a 2015 Wall Street Journal essay. In a sense, that future has already arrived, judging from the proliferation of apps and medical devices now connected to smartphones. One 2015 industry study identified more than 165,000 health-related smartphone apps available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes. But to what extent does this technology lead to improved patient outcomes? That question is one for evidence-based medicine, to be answered by clinical trials and systematic reviews by medical experts...
November 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155174/ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-cornus-officinalis-sieb-et-zucc
#13
REVIEW
Jun Huang, Yiwei Zhang, Lin Dong, Qinghan Gao, Lei Yin, Hongfeng Quan, Rong Chen, Xueyan Fu, Dingbo Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cornus officinalis (Cornaceae), known in Chinese as "Shanzhuyu," is a frequently used traditional Chinese medicine. It tastes sour and is astringent and slightly warm in nature. Its fruits have long been used to treat kidney deficiency, high blood pressure, waist and knee pain, dizziness, tinnitus, impotence, spermatorrhea, menorrhagia, and other diseases in China. The main distribution areas are Shanxi and Gansu. AIM OF THE STUDY: This review focused on the ethnopharmacological uses of the herb...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154811/a-systematic-review-highlights-the-need-to-investigate-the-content-validity-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-for-physical-functioning-in-low-back-pain
#14
REVIEW
Alessandro Chiarotto, Raymond W Ostelo, Maarten Boers, Caroline B Terwee
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the evidence on content and structural validity of 17 patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) to measure physical functioning in LBP. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, SportDiscus, and Google Scholar were searched (February 2017). Records on development, and studies assessing content validity or unidimensionality in patients with LBP were included. Two reviewers defined eligible studies and assessed their methodological quality with updated COSMIN standards...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154779/letrozole-pre-treatment-prior-to-medical-termination-of-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#15
Christopher M Nash, Lauren Philp, Prakesh Shah, Kellie E Murphy
OBJECTIVE(S): The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the efficacy of pretreatment with letrozole prior to either a first or second trimester medical termination of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We searched letrozole, femara, aromatase inhibitors, abortifacient agents, termination of pregnancy, and labour induction in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Database, Google Scholar, and PubMed from inception of each database until September 2015 with no language limitation...
November 14, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154294/creation-of-a-professional-network-to-improve-spina-bifida-care-argentina-case
#16
Gastón Valverde Lyons, Carol Burek, Liliana Campmani, Fernanda De Castro, Beatriz López, Cristian Sager
The purpose of this paper is to render an account of the experience of a group of healthcare providers and to propose innovative solutions for patients with Spina Bifida (SB) in Argentina. Based on our practice, patients reach specialists too late (40% already undergoing chronic kidney disease stage 1). However, several strategies were implemented in order to reverse this trend, among which were: the setting up of a professional network (via emails and Google groups), team training at different locations, videoconferences, and calling the Ministry of Health to action...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154235/the-use-of-neurodynamic-techniques-in-the-conservative-treatment-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-critical-appraisal-of-the-literature
#17
Tomasz Wolny
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common peripheral neuropathy, characterized by the presence of many sensory and motor abnormalities. In the physiotherapy of patients with CTS, neurodynamic tech-niques are very common, while the scientific literature does not show clear evidence of beneficial effects obtained by using these techniques. Therefore, the aim of this work was to critically evaluate the use of neurodynamic techniques in the conservative treatment of CTS...
October 31, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153965/information-about-epilepsy-on-the-internet-an-exploratory-study-of-arabic-websites
#18
Jamal M Alkhateeb, Muna S Alhadidi
The aim of this study was to explore information about epilepsy found on Arabic websites. The researchers collected information from the internet between November 2016 and January 2017. Information was obtained using Google and Yahoo search engines. Keywords used were the Arabic equivalent of the following two keywords: epilepsy (Al-saraa) and convulsion (Tashanoj). A total of 144 web pages addressing epilepsy in Arabic were reviewed. The majority of web pages were websites of medical institutions and general health websites, followed by informational and educational websites, others, blogs and websites of individuals, and news and media sites...
November 16, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153300/cognitive-dissonance-and-pediatric-procedural-pain-management-a-concept-clarification
#19
April A Bice
Pediatric nurses have often reported that pain management is a vital part of patient care. Evidence, however, suggests pediatric procedural pain treatments are often underused. Cognitive dissonance, the mental conflict leading to unpleasant thoughts and or feelings, may be related to this evidence-based gap found between what pediatric nurses claim about procedural pain management (that it is important) and what they actually do (underutilize pain treatments). The purpose of this manuscript is to clarify and further develop the concept of cognitive dissonance in terms of its relationship to nurses' mental struggles with underutilization of pediatric procedural pain treatments...
November 15, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152921/proximity-to-pediatric-cardiac-surgical-care-among-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-defects-in-11-new-york-counties
#20
Kristin M Sommerhalter, Tabassum Z Insaf, Tugba Akkaya-Hocagil, Claire E McGarry, Sherry L Farr, Karrie F Downing, George K Lui, Ali N Zaidi, Alissa R Van Zutphen
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with congenital heart defects (CHDs) discontinue cardiac care in adolescence, putting them at risk of adverse health outcomes. Because geographic barriers may contribute to cessation of care, we sought to characterize geographic access to comprehensive cardiac care among adolescents with CHDs. METHODS: Using a population-based, 11-county surveillance system of CHDs in New York, we characterized proximity to the nearest pediatric cardiac surgical care center among adolescents aged 11 to 19 years with CHDs...
November 1, 2017: Birth defects research
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