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pleomorphic adenoma

Yoko Endo, Ryuji Ohashi, Shunta Inai, Kazuhiko Yokoshima, Munenaga Nakamizo, Akira Shimizu, Kimihiro Okubo, Zenya Naito
Carcinosarcoma (CS) is a rare tumor, consisting of both carcinomatous and sarcomatous components. In this paper, we present a case of CS arising from a pleomorphic adenoma (PA) of the submandibular gland. A 64-year-old Japanese man presented with a left submandibular mass that had developed for 20 years with complaints of pain for the last 3 months. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a lesion involving the left submandibular gland. The patient underwent total dissection of the left submandibular gland and left cervical lymph nodes...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
Karan Lal, Travis J Morrell, Michael Cunningham, Patrick OʼDonnell, Nikki A Levin, Kristine M Cornejo
Cutaneous mixed tumor (chondroid syringoma) is the cutaneous counterpart of pleomorphic adenoma of salivary glands, comprised of both epithelial and mesenchymal components. Malignant transformation is exceptionally rare, with only a few cases reported. We report a case of a malignant cutaneous mixed tumor in an 86-year-old white man who presented with a pink indurated plaque on his left scapula. He had a history of nonmelanoma skin cancers, a stage IB malignant melanoma of a lower extremity and Gleason 4 + 3 prostate cancer treated with brachytherapy, external beam irradiation, and bicalutamide...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Siu Hong Cheung, Wai Yin Wilson Kwan, Kwan Pok Tsui, Tam Lin Chow
PURPOSE: Benign parotid tumors are adequately treated with partial parotidectomy, which is often performed under general anesthesia (GA). We have reported our preliminary results on the feasibility to perform parotidectomy under local anesthesia (LA). We hereby present our accumulated experience of partial parotidectomy under LA to further consolidate its feasibility, efficacy and safety in a larger series. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case series review was carried out using our own center patients' database...
March 2, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
A Kanatas, M W S Ho, T Mücke
Pleomorphic adenoma is the most common tumour of the parotid gland, and can recur after excision. Recurrent pleomorphic adenoma can be a challenge to treat, and has variable outcomes. The aim of this review was to summarise current thinking in its management, which may be helpful to clinical teams and could improve patients' health-related quality of life. We searched several online databases using the key terms pleomorphic adenoma, recurrent pleomorphic adenoma, parotid gland tumours, parotid surgery, radiotherapy and parotid pleomorphic adenoma, and parotid surgery outcomes...
March 8, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Katarzyna J Błochowiak, Jerzy Sokalski, Magdalena B Bodnar, Dorota Trzybulska, Andrzej K Marszałek, Henryk Witmanowski
BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an angiogenic factor and could be involved in the pathogenesis of salivary gland tumors. VEGF exerts its biological function by binding to its receptors, VEGFR1 and VEGFR2. An alternative splice variant of VEGF (VEGFxxxb) is an anti-angiogenic factor. Binding VEGF165b with VEGFR2 results in an impaired angiogenic response. The imbalance of VEGFxxx and VEGFxxxb isoforms can underpin pathological angiogenesis. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the expression of VEGF165b, VEGFR1, VEGFR2, and CD34 in benign and malignant parotid gland tumors and to explore the possible correlations between their expression and clinicopathological features of tumors...
January 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Chen Su, Daojiang Li, Nanpeng Li, Yuheng Du, Chunxing Yang, Yang Bai, Changwei Lin, Xiaorong Li, Yi Zhang
Pleomorphic adenoma gene like-2 (PLAGL2) is a zinc finger protein transcription factor, which is upregulated and serves an oncogenic function in multiple human malignancies, including colorectal cancer (CRC). First, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression levels of PLAGL2 in CRC tissues and normal tissues. Then, bioinformatics analysis, RT-qPCR, western blotting, luciferase reporter assays and RNA-binding protein immunoprecipitation assays were performed to explore whether the underlying mechanisms, including copy number variation (CNV), microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) and RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) led to the abnormal expression of PLAGL2...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Masanobu Sato, Hidetaka Yamamoto, Yui Hatanaka, Toshimitsu Nishijima, Rina Jiromaru, Ryuji Yasumatsu, Kenichi Taguchi, Muneyuki Masuda, Takashi Nakagawa, Yoshinao Oda
Differential diagnosis among basal cell adenoma (BCA), basal cell adenocarcinoma (BCAC), adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) and pleomorphic adenoma (PA) of the salivary gland can be challenging due to their similar histological appearance. Although frequent nuclear β-catenin expression and CTNNB1 mutations have been reported in BCA, further details of the Wnt/β-catenin signal alterations are unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic utility of Wnt/β-catenin signal alteration in BCA and morphological mimics...
January 3, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
Alessandro Franchi, Cecilia Taverna, Antonella Simoni, Monica Pepi, Giuditta Mannelli, Martina Fasolati, Oreste Gallo
Recently, it has been reported that deregulation of the receptor activator of NFkB ligand (RANKL)/RANK signaling axis results in salivary gland tumor development in a mouse transgenic model. The aim of this study was to ascertain RANKL and RANK protein expression in a series of primary parotid gland carcinomas and to correlate it with clinicopathologic parameters. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor samples from 46 consecutive cases of parotid gland carcinoma were selected for this study. For comparison, we examined a group of 40 randomly chosen parotid gland adenomas, including 20 pleomorphic adenomas, 10 myoepitheliomas, and 10 Warthin tumors...
February 28, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Anas Minkara, Reena Dhanda-Patil, Yash Patil
Pleomorphic adenomas are considered the most common salivary gland tumors, although they rarely occur in the parapharyngeal space. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of a parapharyngeal parotid pleomorphic adenoma causing syncope. A 57-year-old man was admitted for left-sided blurred vision, left-sided weakness, dysarthria, lightheadedness, and syncope. Upon his admission, an electrocardiogram showed sinus bradycardia, and computed tomography of the neck with contrast showed a large parapharyngeal mass involving the prestyloid compartment, leading to compression of blood flow through the internal carotid artery...
January 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Aanchal Tandon, Rohit Jaiswal, Safia Siddiqui, Bharadwaj Bordoloi
Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common benign tumor of major or minor salivary glands. PA exhibits a great histological diversity, such as differentiation into oncocytic, sebaceous, mucinous, squamous, chondroid, osseous or adipose cells. Squamous metaplasia rarely results in the formation of extensive keratin-filled cyst lined by squamous epithelium. Extensive squamous metaplasia can be mistaken for malignancy, including mucoepidermoid carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Here, we report a case of slowly enlarging PA with extensive squamous metaplasia and keratin cyst formations in a minor salivary gland in hard palate and discuss its microscopic features...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Astrid Truschnegg, Stephan Acham, Lumnije Kqiku, Norbert Jakse, Alfred Beham
Prompted by a unique case of an ectomesenchymal chondromyxoid tumor (ECT) of the palate in a 54-year-old female, we reviewed the English and German literature on this entity until the end of 2016 using PubMed. The search produced 74 lingual cases with a nearly equal sex distribution and a mean age of 39.3 years, and two extra-lingual cases sharing histological and immunohistological features including nodular growth, round, fusiform or spindle-shaped cellular architecture, and chondromyxoid stroma. Immunophenotyping showed the majority of cases to be positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), S-100 protein, glycoprotein CD57, pancytokeratin (AE1/AE3), and smooth muscle actin (SMA); in isolated cases there was molecular-genetic rearrangement or gain of Ewing sarcoma breakpoint region 1 (EWSR1) but no rearrangement of pleomorphic adenoma gene 1 (PLAG1)...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
Hassan Alyami, Emad Al-Osail, Shawgi Harbi, Mohammed Bu Bshait
INTRODUCTION: Benign Osseous metaplasia of the breast is rare, with only a few cases reported in the literature. Here we present a case of benign osseous metaplasia of the breast presenting as a breast lump. CASE PRESENTATION: 38-year-old previously well woman presented with a one-year history of bilateral breast pain and a left-sided breast lump. Ultrasound and mammography suggested calcified fibroadenoma. An ultrasound-guided true cut biopsy revealed fibrous tissue containing foci of adenosis in the presence of a myoepithelial cell layer...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Osama Hussein, Khaled Abdel Wahab, Omar Hamdy, Mohammad Arafa, Emad-Eldeen Hamed, Shady Awny, Sameh Roshdy, Adel Denewer, Mahmoud Mosbah
Aim: Pleomorphic adenoma is the most common benign tumor of the parotid gland and is classically treated with superficial or total parotidectomy. Less radical surgeries have been proposed to minimize the risk of facial nerve injury. The oncological safety of these procedures remains controversial. We conducted this study to evaluate the safety of superficial hemi-lobectomy (quadrantectomy). Patients and methods: Retrospective analysis was conducted on the paraffin sections of archived superficial parotidectomy specimens from 11 male and 6 female patients (median age 33 years)...
2018: Frontiers in Surgery
Babatunde O Bamgbose, Akiko Sato, Yoshinobu Yanagi, Miki Hisatomi, Yohei Takeshita, Irfan Sugianto, Junichi Asaumi
Background: We herein described a rare case of schwannoma of the hypoglossal nerve in the submandibular region with diagnostic imaging and histopathological findings. Case Report: A 31-years-old woman has had a palpable firm, rubbery, freely mobile mass in the submandibular region. Of imaging, MR images showed homogeneous isointensity on T1-weighted imaging (T1-WI), heterogeneous hypointensity on T2-WI, heterogeneous hyperintensity on short T1 inversion recovery (STIR), and heterogeneous enhancement on contrast-enhanced T1-WI...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Simon Andreasen, Sarah L von Holstein, Preben Homøe, Steffen Heegaard
PURPOSE: Lacrimal gland tumours constitute a wide spectrum of neoplastic lesions that are histologically similar to tumours of the salivary gland. In the salivary gland, pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is frequently characterized by recurrent chromosomal rearrangements of the PLAG1 and HMGA2 genes, a genetic feature retained in carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (ca-ex-PA) that makes it possible to distinguish ca-ex-PA from de novo carcinomas. However, whether PLAG1 and HMGA2 gene rearrangements are found in lacrimal gland PA and ca-ex-PA is not known...
February 13, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
Eriko Matsuda, Takahiro Fukuhara, Ryohei Donishi, Katsuyuki Kawamoto, Yasuaki Hirooka, Hiromi Takeuchi
Background: Ultrasonographic homogeneity is an important differential finding between Warthin tumor and pleomorphic adenoma, two types of benign parotid gland tumors, with the former likely to be heterogeneous and the latter homogeneous. However, differences in the performance of ultrasound machines or the homogeneity cut-off level affect the judgment of ultrasonographic homogeneity. Therefore, in this study, we adopted a novel system for classifying the composition of tumors via ultrasonography, using anechoic area as a substitute for differences in homogeneity to differentiate between Warthin tumors and pleomorphic adenomas...
December 2017: Yonago Acta Medica
Wei Zhang, Zhichao Zuo, Ningbin Luo, Lianfeng Liu, Guanqiao Jin, Junjie Liu, Danke Su
PURPOSE: To determine the value of non-enhanced MRI in combination with color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) for differentiating malignant parotid tumors from benign ones. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed 51 parotid gland lesions (39 benign and 12 malignant) in 51 patients who underwent preoperative CDFI as well as non-enhanced MRI including T1 -weighted, T2 -weighted, and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Degrees of intratumor vascularity were categorized into four grades basing on CDFI findings...
February 12, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Francesca Patella, Giuseppe Franceschelli, Mario Petrillo, Mario Sansone, Roberta Fusco, Filippo Pesapane, Giovanni Pompili, Anna Maria Ierardi, Alberto Maria Saibene, Laura Moneghini, Federico Biglioli, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
AIM: To evaluate dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI and diffusion weighted (DW)-MRI diagnostic value to differentiate Warthin tumors (WT) by pleomorphic adenomas (PA). MATERIALS & METHODS: Seven WT and seven PA were examined. DCE- and  DW-MRI parameters were extracted from volumes of interest; volume of interest-based averages and standard deviations were calculated. Statistical analysis included: linear discriminant analysis, receiver operating characteristic curves, sensitivity and specificity...
February 9, 2018: Future Oncology
Thijs van Hees, Stijn van Weert, Birgit Witte, C René Leemans
BACKGROUND: Tumors of the parapharyngeal space (PPS) are rare, accounting for 0.5-1.5% of all head and neck tumors. The anatomy of the PPS is responsible for a wide variety of tumors arising from the PPS. This series of 99 PPS tumors provides an overview of the clinical course and management of PPS tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included clinical data from patients treated for PPS tumors from 1991 to 2012 (warranting at least a 4-year follow-up) at the VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands...
February 7, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Tomotaka Shimura, Yuichiro Tada, Hideaki Hirai, Daisuke Kawakita, Satoshi Kano, Kiyoaki Tsukahara, Akira Shimizu, Soichiro Takase, Yorihisa Imanishi, Hiroyuki Ozawa, Kenji Okami, Yuichiro Sato, Yukiko Sato, Chihiro Fushimi, Hideaki Takahashi, Takuro Okada, Hiroki Sato, Kuninori Otsuka, Yoshihiro Watanabe, Akihiro Sakai, Koji Ebisumoto, Takafumi Togashi, Yushi Ueki, Hisayuki Ota, Mizuo Ando, Shinji Kohsaka, Toyoyuki Hanazawa, Hideaki Chazono, Yoshiyuki Kadokura, Hitome Kobayashi, Toshitaka Nagao
The molecular characteristics of therapeutically-relevant targets and their clinicopathological implications in salivary duct carcinomas (SDCs) are poorly understood. We investigated the gene alterations and the immunoexpression of crucial oncogenic molecules in 151 SDCs. The mutation rates that were identified, in order of frequency, were as follows: TP53 , 68%; PIK3CA , 18%; H-RAS , 16%; BRAF , 4%; and AKT1 , 1.5%. PIK3CA/H-RAS/BRAF mutations were more common in de novo SDC than in SDC ex-pleomorphic adenoma...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
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