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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771775/photodynamic-therapy-for-bronchial-microscopic-residual-disease-after-resection-in-lung-cancer
#1
Hiren J Mehta, Abhishek Biswas, Sebastian Fernandez-Bussy, Mauricio Pipkin, Tiago Machuca, Michael A Jantz
BACKGROUND: The goal of lung cancer surgery is a complete tumor resection (R0 resection) with clear margins. 4% to 5% of resections have microscopic residual disease associated with worse prognosis. Definitive management is resection of residual tumor, which may not be tolerated by many patients, and definitive management is not well studied in these patients. We treated patients with stage I cancer and bronchial mucosal residual disease (MRD) with bronchoscopic photodynamic therapy (PDT)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771774/bronchoscopic-laser-interstitial-thermal-therapy-an-experimental-study-in-normal-porcine-lung-parenchyma
#2
Roberto F Casal, Garrett Walsh, Mark McArthur, Lori R Hill, Maria F Landaeta, Aristides J Armas Villalba, Philip Ong, Labib Debiane, Erik Vakil, Horiana B Grosu, Carlos A Jimenez, David Ost, Roberto Adachi, George A Eapen
BACKGROUND: Population aging and lung cancer screening strategies may lead to an increase in detection of early-stage lung cancer in medical inoperable patients. Recent advances in peripheral bronchoscopy have made it a suitable platform for ablation of small peripheral tumors. METHODS: We investigated the tissue-ablative effect of a diode laser bronchoscopically applied by a laser delivery fiber (LDF) with wide aperture on porcine lung parenchyma. Laser was tested ex vivo and in vivo to identify the most effective power settings and LDF...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771052/-a-case-of-schwannoma-in-cervical-trachea
#3
X Q Shi, J F Luo, Y Yang, X Chen, W S Qu, Y B Wang, F B Cheng
Primary tracheal schwannoma is rare. It is easy to be misdiagnosed as bronchitis, asthma due to the lack of special symptom. Diagnosis of schwannoma depends on a comprehensive examination. Surgery is the only effective mean. Here we reported a 17-year-old male, who suffered from cough for 10 months. A variety of tests confirmed that he had schwannoma. There is no significant change after tumor resection via rigid bronchoscope since two years ago.
May 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768518/endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-ebus-tbna-in-diagnosis-of-mediastinal-lesions
#4
Ricardo Sales Dos Santos, Marcia Jacomelli, Juliana Pereira Franceschini, Iunis Suzuki, Altair da Silva Costa, Christina Shiang, Addy Lidvina Mejia Palomino
OBJECTIVE: To describe the results of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in making diagnosis of mediastinal injuries associated to different causes. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study of patients submitted to Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration at a private organization, between June 2013 and October 2016. All cases referred for collection of lymph nodes or peritracheal/peribronchial masses by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration, and evaluated through tomography or PET-CT were included...
May 14, 2018: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768356/late-distant-recurrence-of-breast-carcinoma-and-metastasis-to-the-main-bronchus-and-choroid-a-case-report
#5
Zhijie Luo, Qin Cai, Yuanyuan Zhao, Xiaochuan Wang, Siying Fu, Linzhu Zhai
RATIONALE: Metastases of breast carcinoma to the main bronchus and choroid are rare, but have been reported in relevant literature. Late distant recurrence of breast carcinoma after more than 20 years is extremely rare. Herein, we report a 57-year-old woman with late distant recurrence and metastasis to the main bronchus and choroid almost 28 years after surgery. PATIENT CONCERNS: At the age of 29, the patient underwent chemotherapy and endocrine treatment after a right side mastectomy to remove breast carcinoma...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764714/bronchoscopic-resection-of-a-tracheobronchial-leiomyoma-in-a-pregnant-patient
#6
K Falce, E Guy, D Hyman, T Hotze, D Lazarus, V Bandi, J Parchem, C Davidson, U Munnur
Flexible bronchoscopy, therapeutic bronchoscopy and other procedures requiring anesthesia are generally avoided in pregnancy and postponed until after delivery if possible. We report a case of a parturient with an abnormal chest radiograph and mild obstructive symptoms of unknown etiology. At bronchoscopy, a tumor associated with post-obstructive suppuration was found and excised using electrocautery snare and cryotherapy, for restoration of airway patency. Coordination between pulmonary, obstetric, anesthesia, neonatology and thoracic surgery services was essential in ensuring success and the safety of the mother and fetus...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762461/robotic-bronchoscopy-for-diagnosis-of-suspected-lung-cancer-a-feasibility-study
#7
José R Rojas-Solano, Luis Ugalde-Gamboa, Michael Machuzak
BACKGROUND: Robotic bronchoscopy may offer alternative approaches to address limitations of current bronchoscopic techniques for biopsy of suspected peripheral lung lesions. This study sought to evaluate complications and feasibility of robotic bronchoscopy performed with the Robotic Endoscopy System (RES). METHODS: Adult patients from a single institution underwent bronchoscopy of suspected lesions with a bronchus sign with the RES. The primary outcome was complication rate, as assessed by the incidence of related serious adverse events (SAE)...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735405/eosinophilic-pneumonias
#8
REVIEW
James Allen, Michael Wert
The eosinophilic pneumonias are a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by an increase in eosinophils in lung tissue or bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Many, but not all, of the eosinophilic pneumonias are also associated with a peripheral blood eosinophilia. The etiologies of eosinophilic lung disease are wide ranging and include parasitic infections, medications or other toxins, autoimmune and inflammatory disease, and malignancies. Some eosinophilic pneumonias have no proven cause or inciting event and are classified as idiopathic...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732195/the-feasibility-of-electromagnetic-navigational-bronchoscopic-localization-with-fluorescence-and-radiocontrast-dyes-for-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-resection
#9
REVIEW
Kook Nam Han, Hyun Koo Kim
Recently, some groups have reported the utilization of electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy (ENB) for localization of pulmonary lesion. Its application for intraoperative visual localization with dyes to determine the target area has been increasing. In this paper, we reviewed the feasibility of ENB utilization for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) or robotic sublobar resection as a localization tool, and its future application in minimally invasive thoracic surgery.
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732194/imaging-techniques-for-minimally-invasive-thoracic-surgery-korea-university-guro-hospital-experiences
#10
REVIEW
Kook Nam Han, Hyun Koo Kim
In this paper, we described our clinical experiences with respect to image-guided thoracic surgery, including procedures involving percutaneous injection of fluorescent dye, radiotracers, and hook wires, guided by preoperative computed tomography (CT); and transbronchial injection of fluorescent dye by using electromagnetic navigational bronchoscope technology. Our recent experience with the intravenous systemic injection of fluorescent dye for the intraoperative detection of pulmonary lesions and intersegmental planes are also described in this review...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708920/airway-management-in-a-patient-with-tracheal-disruption-due-to-penetrating-neck-trauma-with-hollow-point-ammunition-a-case-report
#11
Angela M Johnson, James L Hill, Dave J Zagorski, Joseph M McClain, Nicole C Maronian
Rapid sequence induction and intubation was performed for a patient in respiratory distress after a gunshot wound to the neck. Resistance was noted distal to vocal cords. With a bronchoscope unavailable, the endotracheal tube was advanced with a corkscrew maneuver. Subcutaneous emphysema had developed. The endotracheal tube was advanced into the right mainstem with adequate ventilation. Imaging illustrated tracheoesophageal injury. The patient was emergently explored. An intraluminal bullet was removed, lateral wall tracheal defect was repaired, and a tracheostomy was placed...
May 1, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707496/secondary-tracheal-tumors-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Maria Lucia Madariaga, Henning A Gaissert
Background: Secondary tracheal tumors arise from mural invasion by primary tumors in adjacent organs, metastatic lymph nodes or blood-born metastasis from distant sites. This systematic review aims to assess the presentation, management options, and clinical outcomes of these uncommon non-tracheal malignancies. Methods: Electronic searches of the MEDLINE database were performed to identify case series and individual case reports of tracheal invasion by primary non-tracheal tumors or metastatic disease...
March 2018: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703098/pulmonologist-evaluation-on-new-ct-visualization-for-guidance-to-lung-lesions-during-bronchoscopy
#13
Pall Jens Reynisson, Håkon Olav Leira, Thomas Langø, Geir Arne Tangen, Peter Hatlen, Tore Amundsen, Erlend Fagertun Hofstad
OBJECTIVE: Endoluminal visualization in virtual and video bronchoscopy lacks information about the surrounding structures, and the traditional 2 D axial, coronal and sagittal CT views can be difficult to interpret. To address this challenge, we previously introduced a novel visualization technique, Anchored to Centerline Curved Surface, for navigated bronchoscopy. The current study compares the ACCuSurf to the standard ACS CT views as planning and guiding tools in a phantom study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bronchoscope operators navigated in physical phantom guided by virtual realistic image data constructed by fusion of CT dataset of phantom and anonymized patient CT data...
April 27, 2018: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701372/unusual-behavior-of-a-lung-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-case-report
#14
Cristina Rodrigues, Daniel Cabral, Teresa Almodovar, Analisa Ribeiro, Diogo Delgado, Leonor Mota, Samuel Mendes, Magda Alvoeiro, Carolina Torres, Telma Calado, Mariana Antunes, Francisco Félix
INTRODUCTION: 55 years old, male patient. History of heavy smoking (65 UMA) and COPD. Admitted to hospital due to a left pneumonia. Thoracic CT and PET-Scan, showed left lower lobe mass measuring 92x89 mm (SUVmax 49). Several mediastinal node groups presented increased uptake of FDG. A fiberoptic bronchoscopy was performed. Citology of the bronchoalveolar lavage suggested a squamous carcinoma. EBUS of node stations 4R, 4L e 7 without evidence of malignancy. METHODS: The case was taken to a multidisciplinary meeting staged as IIIA (T3N2M0)...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695653/pulmonary-resection-for-lung-cancer-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-for-severe-aortic-valve-stenosis-a-case-report
#15
Hiroaki Komatsu, Nobuhiro Izumi, Takuma Tsukioka, Kyukwang Chung, Michihito Toda, Kantaro Hara, Noritoshi Nishiyama
An 82-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of dyspnea on effort. Echocardiography revealed severe aortic valve stenosis (AS). Simultaneously, chest computed tomography (CT) revealed a 19-mm nodule in the lower lobe of the right lung, and bronchoscopic biopsy revealed adenocarcinoma. She underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for severe AS. Three weeks later, she underwent lower lobectomy of the right lung and mediastinal dissection for the lung cancer. Her postoperative course was good, and she was discharged 8 days postoperatively...
April 26, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693979/diagnostic-yield-of-transbronchial-biopsy-in-comparison-to-high-resolution-computerized-tomography-in-sarcoidosis-cases
#16
H Serpil Akten, Hatice Kilic, Bulent Celik, Gonca Erbas, Zeynep Isikdogan, Haluk Turktas, Nurdan Kokturk
This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic yield of fiberoptic bronchoscopic (FOB) transbronchial biopsy and its relation with quantitative findings of high resolution computerized tomography (HRCT). A total of 83 patients, 19 males and 64 females with a mean age of 45.1 years diagnosed with sarcoidosis with complete records of high resolution computerized tomography were retrospectively recruited during the time period from Feb 2005 to Jan 2015. High resolution computerized tomography scans were retrospectively assessed in random order by an experienced observer without knowledge of the bronchoscopic results or lung function tests...
April 25, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684995/successful-airway-management-with-combined-use-of-mcgrath%C3%A2-mac-video-laryngoscope-and-fiberoptic-bronchoscope-in-a-severe-obese-patient-with-huge-goiter-a-case-report
#17
Mee Young Chung, Byunghoon Park, Jaeho Seo, Chang Jae Kim
Huge goitor can lead to tracheal compression and hence difficulty in intubation. This is compounded by severe obesity. Failed tracheal intubation in difficult intubation is a serious event that may lead to increased patient morbidity and mortality. Current intubation rescue techniques and combination of different rescue techniques may increase the success rate of difficult intubation. In a 47-year-old female patient, with severe obesity and a huge goiter, our attempts at intubation using direct laryngoscope, video laryngoscope, and awake fiberoptic bronchoscope had failed...
April 24, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681699/bronchoscopic-airway-foreign-body-extraction-without-using-optical-forceps
#18
Shalini Hegde, Umesh Bahadur, Ravi Prakash Kanojia, Monika Bawa, Ram Samujh
Aim: Airway foreign body (FB) is a very common pediatric surgical emergency. On certain difficult occasions, the extraction of FB with optical forceps (OFs) is difficult. These conditions create a life-threatening scenario. We present some of the alternative methods of FB extraction for these situations. Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective case review of patients presenting to pediatric emergency with airway FB. All patients had a chest X-ray done before the procedure...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675791/chemotherapy-treatment-is-associated-with-altered-pd-l1-expression-in-lung-cancer-patients
#19
Lívia Rojkó, Lilla Reiniger, Vanda Téglási, Katalin Fábián, Orsolya Pipek, Attila Vágvölgyi, László Agócs, János Fillinger, Zita Kajdácsi, József Tímár, Balázs Döme, Zoltán Szállási, Judit Moldvay
OBJECTIVES: While the predictive value of programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) protein expression for immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy of lung cancer has been extensively studied, the impact of standard platinum-based chemotherapy on PD-L1 or programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) expression is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the changes in PD-L1 expression of tumor cells (TC) and immune cells (IC), in PD-1 expression of IC, and in the amount of stromal mononuclear cell infiltration after platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with lung cancer...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675058/foreign-body-removal-by-flexible-bronchoscopy-using-retrieval-basket-in-children
#20
Kyunghoon Kim, Hye Jin Lee, Eun Ae Yang, Hwan Soo Kim, Yoon Hong Chun, Jong-Seo Yoon, Hyun Hee Kim, Jin Tack Kim
OBJECTIVES: Aspiration of foreign bodies into the tracheobronchial tree is a common accident in children. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and outcome of foreign body removal by flexible bronchoscopy using a retrieval basket in children. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of children treated for foreign bodies in the airway via flexible bronchoscopy using a retrieval basket at a tertiary hospital in Korea between February 2014 and October 2017. The medical records of the patients were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
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