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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156870/a-fully-liquid-dtap-ipv-hb-prp-t-hexavalent-vaccine-for-primary-and-booster-vaccination-of-healthy-turkish-infants-and-toddlers
#1
Mehmet Ceyhan, İnci Yıldırım, Hasan Tezer, İlker Devrim, Emmanuel Feroldi
Background/aim: Immunogenicity and safety of a primary series of a fully liquid, hexavalent DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T vaccine given at 2, 3, and 4 months of age compared to licensed comparators and a DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T booster at 15?18 months were evaluated. Materials and methods: This was a Phase III, randomized, open-label trial. Primary series (no hepatitis B [HB] at birth) of DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T (N = 155) (group 1) or licensed control vaccines (DTaP-IPV//PRP-T and standalone HB: N = 155) (group 2) and DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP-T booster were administered...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156834/oncolytic-reovirus-inhibits-angiogenesis-through-induction-of-cxcl10-ip-10-and-abrogation-of-hif-activity-in-soft-tissue-sarcomas
#2
Jennifer S Carew, Claudia M Espitia, Weiguo Zhao, Monica M Mita, Alain C Mita, Steffan T Nawrocki
The tumor-selective viral replication capacity and pro-apoptotic effects of oncolytic reovirus have been reported to be dependent on the presence of an activated RAS pathway in several solid tumor types. However, the mechanisms of selective anticancer efficacy of the reovirus-based formulation for cancer therapy (Reolysin, pelareorep) have not been rigorously studied in soft tissue sarcomas (STS). Here we report that Reolysin triggered a striking induction of the anti-angiogenic chemokine interferon-γ-inducible protein 10 (IP-10)/CXCL10 (CXC chemokine ligand 10) in both wild type and RAS mutant STS cells...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156826/protective-effect-of-ginkgo-biloba-leaves-extract-egb761-on-myocardium-injury-in-ischemia-reperfusion-rats-via-regulation-of-tlr-4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#3
Yuping Tang, Guisheng Zhou, Lijun Yao, Ping Xue, Danhong Yu, Renjie Xu, Wen Shi, Xin Yao, Zhaowei Yan, Jin-Ao Duan
Beneficial actions of EGb 761 against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in lung, brain and renal ischemia have been described. However, the relationship between EGb 761 and signal molecules in myocardial ischemia reperfusion has not been well elucidated. In this study, we investigated the effects and mechanism of EGb 761 preconditioning on anti-myocardial I/R injuries in vivo. Meanwhile, their potential anti-oxidative stress and anti-inflammation effect were assessed. Hemodynamic parameters were monitored as left ventricular systolic pressure, LV end-diastolic pressure and maximal rate of increase and decrease of left ventricular pressure (dP/dtmax)...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156824/37-kda-lrp-flag-enhances-telomerase-activity-and-reduces-senescent-markers-in-vitro
#4
Tyrone C Otgaar, Eloise Ferreira, Sibusiso Malindisa, Martin Bernert, Boitelo T Letsolo, Stefan F T Weiss
One of the core regulators of cellular aging are telomeres, repetitive DNA sequences at the ends of chromosomes that are maintained by the ribonucleoprotein DNA polymerase complex, telomerase. Recently, we demonstrated that knockdown of the 37kDa/ 67kDa laminin receptor (LRP/LR), a protein that promotes cell viability in tumorigenic and normal cells, reduces telomerase activity. We therefore hypothesized that upregulating LRP/LR might increase telomerase activity and impede aging. Here we show that overexpression of LRP::FLAG resulted in significantly elevated hTERT levels, telomerase activity and telomere length, respectively, with concomitantly reduced levels of senescence markers...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156817/near-infrared-photothermal-therapy-using-anti-egfr-gold-nanorod-conjugates-for-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#5
Meihua Zhang, Hoe Suk Kim, Tiefeng Jin, Jisu Woo, Yin Ji Piao, Woo Kyung Moon
Current EGFR-targeted therapy for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) has produced disappointing results. A rational therapeutic strategy to improve EGFR-targeted treatment for TNBC is therefore needed. In this study we evaluated the feasibility of treating TNBC using photoacoustic imaging (PAI)-guided near-infrared photothermal therapy (NIR-PTT) with anti-EGFR-conjugated gold nanorods (anti-EGFR-GN). NIR-PTT combined with anti-EGFR-GN exerted synergistic anti-proliferative and apoptotic actions through upregulation of HSP70 and cleaved caspase-3, downregulation of Ki-67 and EGFR, and inhibition of several intracellular signaling molecules (mTOR, AKT, ERK1/2 and FAK)...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156815/the-effect-of-aspirin-on-circulating-netrin-1-levels-in-humans-is-dependent-on-the-inflammatory-status-of-the-vascular-endothelium
#6
Kerry Layne, Timothy Goodman, Albert Ferro, Gabriella Passacquale
In atherosclerotic animal models, the cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-inhibitor aspirin counteracts downregulation of endothelial-derived netrin-1, thus reducing arterial inflammation. We here explored the effect of aspirin on netrin-1 in healthy subjects undergoing influenza immunisation, which is an established experimental model of inflammation-related endothelial dysfunction. Our data showed that netrin-1 undergoes reduction (-29.25% from baseline; p=0.0017) in the presence of endothelial activation (VCAM-1 rose by 9...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156813/association-of-variant-in-the-adipoq-gene-and-functional-study-for-its-role-in-atherosclerosis
#7
Xinzhong Chen, Yanhong Yuan, Yufeng Gao, Qin Wang, Fei Xie, Dongsheng Xia, Yutao Wei, Ting Xie
The burden of atherosclerosis is heritable and associated with elevated risk of developing CVDs. Here, we evaluated genetic variants of adiponectin (ADIPOQ) gene, which has important role in anti- atherosclerosis, with risk of atherosclerosis among a large Chinese population. Our results show that rs74577862 was significantly associated with risk of atherosclerosis (OR=2.08; 95%CI=1.48-2.91; P=2.2×10(-5)). When stratified by atherosclerosis site, rs74577862 was associated with increased risk of both carotid atherosclerosis (OR=2...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156810/psc-derived-galectin-1-inducing-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-of-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-cells-by-activating-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#8
Dong Tang, Jingqiu Zhang, Zhongxu Yuan, Hongpeng Zhang, Yang Chong, Yuqin Huang, Jie Wang, Qingquan Xiong, Sen Wang, Qi Wu, Ying Tian, Yongdie Lu, Xiao Ge, Wenjing Shen, Daorong Wang
Galectin-1 has previously been shown to be strongly expressed in activated pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) and promote the development and metastasis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, the molecular mechanisms by which Galectin-1 promotes the malignant behavior of pancreatic cancer cells remain unclear. In this study, we examined the effects of Galectin-1 knockdown or overexpression in PSCs co-cultured with pancreatic cancer (PANC-1) cells. Immunohistochemical analysis showed expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers and MMP9 were positively associated with the expression of Galectin-1 in 66 human PDAC tissues...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156799/asiatic-acid-protects-against-hepatic-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-inactivation-of-kupffer-cells-via-ppar%C3%AE-nlrp3-inflammasome-signaling-pathway
#9
Ying Xu, Jun Yao, Chen Zou, Heng Zhang, Shouliang Zhang, Jun Liu, Gui Ma, Pengcheng Jiang, Wenbo Zhang
Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) contributes to major complications in clinical practice affecting perioperative morbidity and mortality. Recent evidence suggests the key role of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor (NLR) family pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammaosme activation on the pathogenesis of I/R injury. Asiatic acid (AA) is a pentacyclic triterpene derivative presented with versatile activities, including antioxidant, anti-inflammation and hepatoprotective effects. This study was designed to determine whether AA had potential hepatoprotective benefits against hepatic I/R injury, as well as to unveil the underlying mechanisms involved in the putative effects...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156788/modulation-of-hif-1%C3%AE-and-stat3-signaling-contributes-to-anti-angiogenic-effect-of-yc-1-in-mice-with-liver-fibrosis
#10
Tzung-Yan Lee, Yann-Lii Leu, Chorng-Kai Wen
Hypoxia has been shown to have a role in the pathogenesis of several forms of liver disease. The aim of the study was to evaluate the mechanisms of HIF-1α inhibitor, YC-1, during bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced liver fibrosis in mice. Liver fibrosis was induced in mice, and YC-1 was then given intraperitoneally (50 mg/kg) once daily following 5 days. Liver injuries mice that were treated with YC-1 showed improved inflammatory response and diminished angiogenesis and hepatic fibrosis. YC-1 treatment inhibited liver neutrophil infiltration, while a decreased in TNF-α signaling as well as macrophage aggregation...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156780/baicalein-inhibits-progression-of-osteosarcoma-cells-through-inactivation-of-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#11
Guo Dai, Di Zheng, Qianliang Wang, Jian Yang, Gaiwei Liu, Qi Song, Xiangran Sun, Chunjie Tao, Qingzhu Hu, Tian Gao, Ling Yu, Weichun Guo
Osteosarcoma is a very common type of malignant bone tumor in children and young adults and aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway has been discovered in osteosarcoma. The traditional Chinese medicine baicalein was proved to have anti-proliferative and anti-metastatic properties in osteosarcoma, but the mechanism remained poorly understood. In the present study, we assessed the effects of baicalein on osteosarcoma and detected the potential molecular mechanism. We found that baicalein significantly suppressed the proliferation of osteosarcoma cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156779/selecting-lncrnas-in-gastric-cancer-cells-for-directed-therapy-with-bioactive-peptides-and-chemotherapy-drugs
#12
Wenyan Han, Rui Xiao, Chuanling Zhang, Qimuge Suyila, Xian Li, Xiulan Su
Selecting lncRNAs for directed therapy with bioactive peptides and chemotherapy drugs may be an effective approach to treating gastric cancer (GC). We show genome-scale identification and characterization of differentially expressed lncRNAs in GC cells treated with a novel anti-cancer bioactive peptide (ACBP) and the chemotherapy drug oxaliplatin (ASLB). A total of 17,897 lncRNAs were identified through pairwise comparison, including 2,074 novel lncRNAs. Of those, 1,386 lncRNAs were differentially expressed (over 1...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156771/novel-post-transcriptional-and-post-translational-regulation-of-pro-apoptotic-protein-bok-and-anti-apoptotic-protein-mcl-1-determine-the-fate-of-breast-cancer-cells-to-survive-or-die
#13
Benjamin Onyeagucha, Panneerdoss Subbarayalu, Nourhan Abdelfattah, Subapriya Rajamanickam, Santosh Timilsina, Rosa Guzman, Carla Zeballos, Vijay Eedunuri, Sanjay Bansal, Tabrez Mohammad, Yidong Chen, Ratna K Vadlamudi, Manjeet K Rao
Deregulation of apoptosis is central to cancer progression and a major obstacle to effective treatment. The Bcl-2 gene family members play important roles in the regulation of apoptosis and are frequently altered in cancers. One such member is pro-apoptotic protein Bcl-2-related Ovarian Killer (BOK). Despite its critical role in apoptosis, the regulation of BOK expression is poorly understood in cancers. Here, we discovered that miR-296-5p regulates BOK expression by binding to its 3'-UTR in breast cancers...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156770/sco-spondin-oligopeptide-inhibits-angiogenesis-in-glioblastoma
#14
Romain Bibes, Stéphane Gobron, François Vincent, Carole Mélin, Nicolas Vedrenne, Aurélie Perraud, Francois Labrousse, Marie-Odile Jauberteau, Fabrice Lalloué
Angiogenesis plays a critical role in glioblastoma growth and progression. We therefore aimed at evaluating the anti-angiogenic properties of an oligopeptide originating from SCO-spondin (NX) on a model of human glioblastoma. To this end, we studied the impact of NX treatment on human brain endothelial cells (HBMECs) alone or co-cultured with glioblastoma cells (U87-MG) on apoptosis, proliferation, migration and release of angiogenic factors. We further investigated the anti-angiogenic potential of NX on human glioblastoma cells grown on chorio-allantoic membrane (CAM) or in glioblastoma xenografts...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156767/enhancing-conventional-chemotherapy-drug-cisplatin-induced-anti-tumor-effects-on-human-gastric-cancer-cells-both-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-by-thymoquinone-targeting-pten-gene
#15
Jingjing Ma, Xue Hu, Jiao Li, Dandan Wu, Qingzhi Lan, Qian Wang, Shan Tian, Weiguo Dong
Combination chemotherapy regimen with several anti-tumor drugs is a strategy to improve outcome. Thymoquinone (TQ) has been reported to exert biological activity on various types of human cancers without obvious toxicity. However, only few studies showed the anti-tumor effects of TQ combination with cisplatin on gastric cancer (GC). Here, we showed pretreatment with 5μM TQ significantly increased the apoptotic effects induced by cisplatin on GC cell lines. Combined treatment of cisplatin with TQ represented a significantly superior tumor suppression effect than either agent alone in a xenograft tumor mouse model...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156755/escherichia-coli-nissle-1917-engineered-to-express-tum-5-can-restrain-murine-melanoma-growth
#16
Lian He, Huijun Yang, Fei Liu, Yiyan Chen, Sijia Tang, Wei Ji, Jianli Tang, Zhudong Liu, Yunjun Sun, Shengbiao Hu, Youming Zhang, Xiong Liu, Weitao Huang, Xuezhi Ding, Liqiu Xia
Tumor growth and metastasis depend on angiogenesis. Thus, inhibiting tumor angiogenesis has become promising cancer therapeutic strategy in recent years. Tumstatin is a more powerful angiogenesis inhibitor than endostatin. Anti-angiogenic active fragment encoding amino acids 45-132 (Tum-5) of tumstatin was subcloned into four different inducible expression vectors and successfully solubly expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) in this study. Subsequently, an anaerobic inducible expression vector was constructed under Vitreoscilla hemoglobin gene promoter Pvhb in E...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156752/early-and-late-effects-of-aspirin-and-naproxen-on-micrornas-in-the-lung-and-blood-of-mice-either-unexposed-or-exposed-to-cigarette-smoke
#17
Alberto Izzotti, Roumen Balansky, Gancho Ganchev, Marietta Iltcheva, Mariagrazia Longobardi, Alessandra Pulliero, Anna Camoirano, Francesco D'Agostini, Marta Geretto, Rosanna T Micale, Sebastiano La Maestra, Mark Steven Miller, Vernon E Steele, Silvio De Flora
We recently showed that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are able to inhibit the lung tumors induced by cigarette smoke, either mainstream (MCS) or environmental (ECS), in female mice. We used subsets of mice to analyze the expression of 1135 microRNAs in both lung and blood serum, as related to the whole-body exposure to smoke and/or oral administration of either aspirin or naproxen. In a first study, we evaluated early microRNA alterations in A/J mice exposed to ECS for 10 weeks, starting at birth, and/or treated with NSAIDs for 6 weeks, starting after weaning...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156731/mir-21-modulates-the-effect-of-ezh2-on-the-biological-behavior-of-human-lung-cancer-stem-cells-in-vitro
#18
Hui Xia, Wen Zhang, Baoshi Zhang, Yingnan Zhao, Yunlong Zhao, Shaojun Li, Yang Liu
Non-small-cell lung cancer has a high mortality rate and poor prognosis. Therefore, novel therapeutic approaches are urgently needed to enhance patient survival rates. In this study, we investigated the effects of miR-21 and EZH2 on the biological behavior of human lung cancer stem cells in vitro. We found increased expression of EZH2 and miR-21 in LCSCs, and miR-21 overexpression increased EZH2 levels in LCSCs. In addition, EZH2 and miR-21 knockdown increased the sensitivity of LCSCs to chemo- and radiation therapy, and exogenous EZH2 expression rescued the effects of anti-miR-21...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156726/adiponectin-receptor-agonists-inhibit-leptin-induced-pstat3-and-in-vivo-pancreatic-tumor-growth
#19
Fanuel Messaggio, Alisha M Mendonsa, Jason Castellanos, Nagaraj S Nagathihalli, Lee Gorden, Nipun B Merchant, Michael N VanSaun
Obesity is a significant risk factor for pancreatic cancer, harboring a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by dysregulation of the adipokines, leptin and adiponectin, that in turn alter oncogenic signaling pathways. We and others have shown that leptin promotes the proliferation and an invasive potential of pancreatic cancer cells through STAT3 mediated signaling. However, the role of adiponectin on the tumorigenicity of pancreatic cancer has not been elucidated. Adiponectin represents an important negative regulator of cytokines, which acts through two receptors, ADIPOR1 and ADIPOR2, to elicit pro-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-angiogenic responses...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156714/investigation-of-factors-affecting-the-efficacy-of-3c23k-a-human-monoclonal-antibody-targeting-misiir
#20
Sarah E Gill, Qing Zhang, Gary L Keeney, William A Cliby, S John Weroha
MISIIR is a potential target for ovarian cancer (OC) therapy due to its tissue-specific pattern of expression. 3C23K is a novel therapeutic monoclonal anti-MISIIR antibody designed to recruit effector cells and promote cell death through ADCC (antibody dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity). Our objective was to determine the tolerability and efficacy of 3C23K in OC patient-derived xenografts (PDX) and to identify factors affecting efficacy. Quantitative RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry (IHC), and flow cytometry were used to categorize MISIIR expression in established PDX models derived from primary OC patients...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
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