keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anti sm

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933584/matrine-treatment-blocks-nogoa-induced-neural-inhibitory-signaling-pathway-in-ongoing-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis
#1
Quan-Cheng Kan, Hui-Jun Zhang, Yuan Zhang, Xing Li, Yu-Ming Xu, Rodolfo Thome, Ming-Liang Zhang, Nan Liu, Yao-Juan Chu, Guang-Xian Zhang, Li Zhu
Myelin-associated inhibitors, such as NogoA, myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), and oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein (OMgp), play a pivotal role in the lack of neuroregeneration in multiple sclerosis, an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Matrine (MAT), a monomer that is used in traditional Chinese medicine as an anti-inflammatory agent, has shown beneficial effects in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), an animal model of MS. However, the underlying mechanisms of MAT-induced EAE amelioration are not fully understood...
December 9, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930987/antiproliferative-effects-of-extracts-from-salvia-officinalis-l-and-saliva-miltiorrhiza-bunge-on-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#2
Yuanyuan Jiang, Li Zhang, H P Vasantha Rupasinghe
Salvia species have been used as valuable medicinal and herbal plant in many countries. Salvia officinalis L. and Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge are widely used in traditional medicine for a long time. In the present study, cytotoxicity of ethanol and acetone extracts prepared from leaves and roots of two Salvia species was investigated using hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2) and normal human liver cells (WRL-68). The cytotoxicity and anti-proliferative abilities of the extracts were evaluated by measuring cell viability (MTS assay), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage, the cellular ATP level, morphological changes using an inverted microscope, and apoptosis using flow cytometry...
December 5, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929069/th1-cells-downregulate-connexin-43-gap-junctions-in-astrocytes-via-microglial-activation
#3
Mitsuru Watanabe, Katsuhisa Masaki, Ryo Yamasaki, Jun Kawanokuchi, Hideyuki Takeuchi, Takuya Matsushita, Akio Suzumura, Jun-Ichi Kira
We previously reported early and extensive loss of astrocytic connexin 43 (Cx43) in acute demyelinating lesions of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Because it is widely accepted that autoimmune T cells initiate MS lesions, we hypothesized that infiltrating T cells affect Cx43 expression in astrocytes, which contributes to MS lesion formation. Primary mixed glial cell cultures were prepared from newborn mouse brains, and microglia were isolated by anti-CD11b antibody-conjugated magnetic beads. Next, we prepared astrocyte-rich cultures and astrocyte/microglia-mixed cultures...
December 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926921/schistosoma-mansoni-infection-can-jeopardize-the-duration-of-protective-levels-of-antibody-responses-to-immunizations-against-hepatitis-b-and-tetanus-toxoid
#4
Diana K Riner, Eric M Ndombi, Jennifer M Carter, Amos Omondi, Nupur Kittur, Emmy Kavere, Harrison K Korir, Briana Flaherty, Diana Karanja, Daniel G Colley
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a disease of major public health importance in sub-Saharan Africa. Immunoregulation begins early in schistosome infection and is characterized by hyporesponsiveness to parasite and bystander antigens, suggesting that a schistosome infection at the time of immunization could negatively impact the induction of protective vaccine responses. This study examined whether having a Schistosoma mansoni infection at the time of immunization with hepatitis B and tetanus toxoid (TT) vaccines impacts an individual's ability to achieve and maintain protective antibody levels against hepatitis B surface antigen or TT...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924938/the-secretome-of-periodontal-ligament-stem-cells-from-ms-patients-protects-against-eae
#5
Thangavelu Soundara Rajan, Sabrina Giacoppo, Francesca Diomede, Patrizia Ballerini, Michele Paolantonio, Marco Marchisio, Adriano Piattelli, Placido Bramanti, Emanuela Mazzon, Oriana Trubiani
Manipulation of stem cells or stem cells-derived secretome has emerged as a novel alternative therapeutic option for multiple sclerosis (MS). Here we show that human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs)-derived conditioned medium (hPDLSCs-CM) and purified exosomes/microvesicles (hPDLSCs-EMVs) obtained from Relapsing Remitting (RR)-MS patients and healthy donors block experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a mouse model of MS, by inducing anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects in spinal cord and spleen, and reverse disease progression by restoring tissue integrity via remyelination in the spinal cord...
December 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921221/safety-and-efficacy-of-natalizumab-in-japanese-patients-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-open-label-extension-study-of-a-phase-2-trial
#6
Takahiko Saida, Jun-Ichi Kira, Shuji Kishida, Takashi Yamamura, Nobuhisa Ohtsuka, Yan Ling, Shinichi Torii, Nisha Lucas, Geoffrey Kuesters, Deb Steiner, J T Tibung
INTRODUCTION: The efficacy of natalizumab was evaluated in Japanese patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) in a 24-week, phase 2 bridging study. An open-label, 2-year extension study from this trial was conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of natalizumab treatment in Japanese patients. METHODS: A total of 97 patients (43 previously on placebo; 54 previously on natalizumab) who had completed the bridging study were treated with 300 mg natalizumab every 4 weeks...
December 5, 2016: Neurology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917626/association-of-new-putative-epitopes-of-myelin-proteolipid-protein-58-74-with-pathogenesis-of-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Zahra Zamanzadeh, Ghasem Ahangari, Mitra Ataei, Samie Pouragahi, Seyed Massood Nabavi, Mehdi Sadeghi, Mohammad Hossein Sanati
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease in which auto-reactive T cells react with self-antigens expressed in the central nervous system (CNS). The main cause of MS is unknown. Nonetheless, the most probable theory is based on molecular mimicry, which suggests that some infections can activate T cells against brain auto-antigens like myelin proteolipid protein (PLP) and initiate the disease cascade. This study is conducted to evaluate the activatory effects of PLP58-74 on T lymphocytes and humoral immunity...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917122/glucagon-like-peptide-1-analog-liraglutide-delays-onset-of-experimental-autoimmune-encephalitis-in-lewis-rats
#8
Brian DellaValle, Gitte S Brix, Birgitte Brock, Michael Gejl, Anne M Landau, Arne Møller, Jørgen Rungby, Agnete Larsen
Introduction: Recent findings indicate that metabolic disturbances are involved in multiple sclerosis (MS) pathology and influence the susceptibility to treatment, directing attention toward anti-diabetic drugs such as metformin and pioglitazone. Liraglutide, a drug of the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) family, is also anti-diabetic and weight-reducing and is, moreover, directly neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory in a broad spectrum of experimental models of brain disease. In this study we investigate the potential for this FDA-approved drug, liraglutide, as a treatment for MS by utilizing the experimental model, experimental autoimmune encephalitis (EAE)...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916451/progressive-development-of-endometriosis-and-its-hindrance-by-anti-platelet-treatment-in-mice-with-induced-endometriosis
#9
Qi Zhang, Xishi Liu, Sun-Wei Guo
We have recently shown that platelets drive smooth muscle metaplasia (SMM) and fibrogenesis in endometriosis through epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and fibroblast-to-myofibroblast transdifferentiation (FMT). To see whether this is true in vivo, this prospective, randomized, and serially evaluated mouse investigation was conducted. Endometriosis was induced in female Balb/C mice, which were then randomly divided into two groups: Tanshinone IIA (TAN) and control (CTL) groups. TAN mice were treated with TAN but CTL mice received none...
November 21, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914464/immunogenicity-of-human-interferon-beta-containing-pharmaceuticals
#10
V D Nazarov, S V Lapin, A V Mazing, E P Evdoshenko, A A Totolian
Multiple sclerosis is a severe autoimmune disease with inflammatory component that continues to be resistant to treatment. One of the approaches retarding its progression is based on using nonspecific therapy with human interferon-beta (IFN-β)-containing pharmaceuticals. Neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) against genetically engineered pharmaceuticals developed by the patient's immune system, which reduce their therapeutic and biological activity, pose a serious problem. Cell lines sensitive to IFN-β activity also quantifying NAb level are applied because direct measurement of IFN-β antiviral activity is complicated...
November 2016: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913115/computer-design-synthesis-and-bioactivity-analyses-of-drugs-like-fingolimod-used-in-the-treatment-of-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Gurbet Çelik Turgut, Doğukan Doyduk, Yılmaz Yıldırır, Serkan Yavuz, Atilla Akdemir, Ali Dişli, Alaattin Şen
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a very common disease of vital importance. In the MS treatment, some drugs such as fingolimod which help to protect nerves from damage are used. The main goal of the drug therapy in MS is to take control of the inflammation which leads to the destruction of myelin and axons in nerve cell and thus prevent and stop the progression of the disease. Fingolimod (FTY720) is an orally active immunomodulatory drug that has been used for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis...
November 18, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912911/hesperidin-ameliorates-immunological-outcome-and-reduces-neuroinflammation-in-the-mouse-model-of-multiple-sclerosis
#12
Dariush Haghmorad, Mohammad Bagher Mahmoudi, Zohreh Salehipour, Zoleikha Jalayer, Amir Abbas Momtazi Brojeni, Maryam Rastin, Parviz Kokhaei, Mahmoud Mahmoudi
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most abundant central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory disease, which is due to the reaction of auto reactive T cells with own myelin proteins, leading to physical disorder and paralysis among people suffering the disease. Hesperidin, a flavanone glycoside found abundantly in citrus fruits possesses a wide range of pharmacological properties including potential anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer effects. This study was designed to reveal the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying the effect of hesperidin on MS alleviation...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908533/relevance-of-antiphospholipid-antibodies-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Mira Merashli, Jose Delgado Alves, Fabrizio Gentile, Paul R J Ames
BACKGROUND: The relationship between antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) and multiple sclerosis (MS) is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a link between aPL and MS. METHODS: EMBASE and PubMed search to August 2016; Peto's odds ratio (OR) meta-analysis. RESULTS: The pooled prevalence of participants positive for IgG and IgM anticardiolipin (aCL) from 12 case-control studies was superior in MS than controls (6.8% vs 1.8%, p = 0...
October 3, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904495/higher-frequency-of-brain-abnormalities-in-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-patients-without-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#14
Li-Na Gu, Min Zhang, Hui Zhu, Jing-Yao Liu
Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder often co-exists with primary Sjögren's syndrome. We compared the clinical features of 16 neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder patients with (n = 6) or without primary Sjögren's syndrome (n = 10). All patients underwent extensive clinical, laboratory, and MRI evaluations. There were no statistical differences in demographics or first neurological involvement at onset between neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder patients with and without primary Sjögren's syndrome...
October 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904492/hydroxycitric-acid-ameliorates-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-mouse-models-of-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Mahdi Goudarzvand, Sanaz Afraei, Somaye Yaslianifard, Saleh Ghiasy, Ghazal Sadri, Mustafa Kalvandi, Tina Alinia, Ali Mohebbi, Reza Yazdani, Shahin Khadem Azarian, Abbas Mirshafiey, Gholamreza Azizi
Hydroxycitric acid (HCA) is derived primarily from the Garcinia plant and is widely used for its anti-inflammatory effects. Multiple sclerosis can cause an inflammatory demyelination and axonal damage. In this study, to validate the hypothesis that HCA exhibits therapeutic effects on multiple sclerosis, we established female C57BL/6 mouse models of multiple sclerosis, i.e., experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, using Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) emulsion containing myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (35-55)...
October 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900999/evaluating-anti-smd1-amino-acid-83-119-peptide-reactivity-in-children-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-other-immunological-diseases
#16
Hai-Ou Yang, Xiao-Qing Zhang, Qi-Hua Fu
BACKGROUND: SmD1-amino-acid 83-119 peptide (SmD183-119) is the major epitope of Smith (Sm) antigen, which is specific for adult systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The anti-SmD183-119 antibody has exhibited higher sensitivity and specificity than anti-Sm antibody in diagnosing adult SLE. However, the utility of anti-SmD183-119antibodies remains unclear in children with SLE (cSLE). This study aimed to assess the characteristics of anti-SmD183-119antibody in the diagnosis of cSLE. METHODS: Samples from 242 children with different rheumatological and immunological disorders, including autoimmune diseases (SLE [n = 46] and ankylosing spondylitis [AS, n = 11]), nonautoimmune diseases (Henoch-Schonlein purpura [HSP, n = 60], idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura [n = 27], hematuria [n = 59], and arthralgia [n = 39]) were collected from Shanghai Children's Medical Center from March 6, 2012 to February 27, 2014...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895400/esophagogastric-anastomosis-in-rats-improved-healing-by-bpc-157-and-l-arginine-aggravated-by-l-name
#17
Zeljko Djakovic, Ivka Djakovic, Vedran Cesarec, Goran Madzarac, Tomislav Becejac, Goran Zukanovic, Domagoj Drmic, Lovorka Batelja, Anita Zenko Sever, Danijela Kolenc, Alen Pajtak, Nikica Knez, Mladen Japjec, Kresimir Luetic, Dinko Stancic-Rokotov, Sven Seiwerth, Predrag Sikiric
AIM: To cure typically life-threatening esophagogastric anastomosis in rats, lacking anastomosis healing and sphincter function rescue, in particular. METHODS: Because we assume esophagogastric fistulas represent a particular NO-system disability, we attempt to identify the benefits of anti-ulcer stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157, which was in trials for ulcerative colitis and currently for multiple sclerosis, in rats with esophagocutaneous fistulas. Previously, BPC 157 therapies have promoted the healing of intestinal anastomosis and fistulas, and esophagitis and gastric lesions, along with rescued sphincter function...
November 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893674/relapsing-remitting-lesions-in-a-woman-with-progressive-hemifacial-atrophy-and-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-a-case-report
#18
Ying Zhang, Mingqin Zhu, Xiaozhen Li, Jing Miao, Chenchen Duan, Li Cui, Xuefan Yu
INTRODUCTION: Progressive hemifacial atrophy (PHA) is a rare disorder characterized by unilateral facial atrophy affecting the skin, subcutaneous tissue, and fat, muscle, and osteocartilagenous structures creating a sunken hemiface appearance.Etiopathogenesis of PHA is poorly understood; no definitive treatment is currently available. CLINICAL FINDINGS: We report a 41-year-old woman with PHA who showed an uncharacteristic "relapsing-remitting" evolution of brain lesions and was seropositive for hepatitis B virus (HBV)...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892863/nutrigenomic-activity-of-plant-derived-compounds-in-health-and-disease-results-of-a-dietary-intervention-study-in-dog
#19
Sandy Sgorlon, Bruno Stefanon, Misa Sandri, Monica Colitti
The study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary administrations of four nutraceuticals in dogs. Seventy four dogs were enrolled in the trials, 24 healthy dogs were fed with a control diet (CT) and the experimental groups received for 60days the same diet supplemented with nutraceuticals, namely Echinacea angustifolia (EA, 0.10mg/kg live weight as echinacoside; 14 dogs), Vaccinium myrtillus (VM, 0.20mg/kg live weight as anthocyanidin, 13 dogs), Curcuma longa (CL, 6.60mg/kg live weight as curcumin, 18 dogs with arthrosis), and Sylibum marianum (SM, 1...
October 13, 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891311/comparison-of-antibacterial-efficacy-of-coconut-oil-and-chlorhexidine-on-streptococcus-mutans-an-in-vivo-study
#20
Faizal C Peedikayil, Vimal Remy, Seena John, T P Chandru, Prathima Sreenivasan, Gufran Ahmed Bijapur
AIMS: Streptococcus mutans is the most common organism causing dental caries. Various chemotherapeutic agents are available that help in treating the bacteria, with each having their own merits and demerits. Recent research has shown that coconut oil has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial action. Therefore, the present was conducted to determine the antibacterial efficacy of coconut oil and to compare it with chlorhexidine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of fifty female children aged 8-12 years were included in the study...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
keyword
keyword
63284
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"