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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668145/-lost-in-transition-crossed-looks-on-the-18-25-years-old
#1
Sarah Depallens, Yusuke Leo Takeuchi, Katherine Roberts
Social determinants have an impact on patients' access to care and on their health at any age. Young adults are a population at risk of being affected in their health because of a lack of social protection or unavailability of healthcare system adapted to their specific needs. Primary healthcare providers need to identify that window of social vulnerability in order to avoid a discontinuation in healthcare and to prevent biopsychosocial co-morbidity leading to ongoing consequences on their health.
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668141/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-to-tuberculosis-and-non-tuberculous-mycobacterial-infections-in-hiv-positive-patients-in-bogot%C3%A3
#2
Magda Beltrán-León, Francy Pérez-Llanos, Liliana Sánchez, Carlos Parra-López, Myriam Navarrete, Ricardo Sánchez, Carlos Awad, Ana María Granada, Edgardo Quintero, Óscar Briceño, Óscar Cruz, Martha Isabel Murcia
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is one of the most widely distributed infectious diseases worldwide. It is the most common cause of mortality among AIDS patients. In Colombia, 12,918 tuberculosis cases were notified, and 926 deaths were reported in 2015. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and risk factors associated to mycobacterial infections in HIVpositive patients in two public hospitals from Bogotá. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective and descriptive study was carried out by an active search for tuberculosis cases and non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections in HIV-positive patients...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667712/trajectories-of-alcohol-consumption-in-u-s-military-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#3
Brian S Fuehrlein, Lorig K Kachadourian, Elizabeth K DeVylder, Louis A Trevisan, Marc N Potenza, John H Krystal, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While alcohol use disorder is prevalent in U.S. veterans, little is known about the nature and determinants of predominant trajectories of alcohol consumption in this population. The objective of the current study was to identify predominant trajectories of alcohol consumption over a 4-year period, and baseline determinants of these trajectories in veterans. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veteran Study, which surveyed a nationally representative sample of 3,157 veterans (Wave 1)...
April 18, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666044/capturing-ultraviolet-radiation-exposure-and-physical-activity-feasibility-study-and-comparison-between-self-reports-mobile-apps-dosimeters-and-accelerometers
#4
Elke Hacker, Caitlin Horsham, Martin Allen, Andrea Nathan, John Lowe, Monika Janda
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer is the most prevalent cancer in Australia. Skin cancer prevention programs aim to reduce sun exposure and increase sun protection behaviors. Effectiveness is usually assessed through self-report. OBJECTIVE: It was the aim of this study to test the acceptance and validity of a newly developed ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure app, designed to reduce the data collection burden to research participants. Physical activity data was collected because a strong focus on sun avoidance may result in unhealthy reductions in physical activity...
April 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666024/social-determinants-of-self-reported-health-for-canada-s-indigenous-peoples-a-public-health-approach
#5
R Bethune, N Absher, M Obiagwu, T Qarmout, M Steeves, M Yaghoubi, R Tikoo, M Szafron, C Dell, M Farag
OBJECTIVE: In Canada, indigenous peoples suffer from a multitude of health disparities. To better understand these disparities, this study aims to examine the social determinants of self-reported health for indigenous peoples in Canada. STUDY DESIGN: This study uses data from Statistics Canada's Aboriginal Peoples Survey 2012. METHODS: Multinomial logistic regression models were used to examine how selected social determinants of health are associated with self-reported health among off-reserve First Nations and Métis peoples in Canada...
April 14, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665805/determinants-of-illness-specific-social-support-and-its-relation-to-distress-in-long-term-melanoma-survivors
#6
Sabine Fischbeck, Veronika Weyer-Elberich, Sylke R Zeissig, Barbara H Imruck, Maria Blettner, Harald Binder, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: Social support is considered to be one of the most important resources for coping with cancer. However, social interactions may also be detrimental, e. g. disappointing or discouraging. The present study explored: 1. the extent of illness-specific positive aspects of social support and detrimental interactions in melanoma survivors, 2. their relationships to mental health characteristics (e. g. distress, quality of life, fatigue, coping processes, and dispositional optimism) and 3...
April 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665518/early-intervention-for-adolescents-at-risk-for-bipolar-disorder-a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-interpersonal-and-social-rhythm-therapy-ipsrt
#7
Tina R Goldstein, John Merranko, Megan Krantz, Matthew Garcia, Peter Franzen, Jessica Levenson, David Axelson, Boris Birmaher, Ellen Frank
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pilot randomized trial of Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy plus Data-Informed Referral (IPSRT + DIR) versus DIR-alone for adolescents at-risk for bipolar disorder (BP). METHOD: Eligible participants included youth (12-18) with a BP parent; youth with BP were excluded. Participants (n = 42) were randomized to receive IPSRT + DIR to treat any psychiatric disorders present at baseline, or DIR-alone. A blind evaluator assessed outcomes at baseline, 3- and 6-months...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665053/the-determinants-of-the-technical-efficiency-of-acute-inpatient-care-in-canada
#8
Li Wang, Michel Grignon, Sheril Perry, Xi-Kuan Chen, Alison Ytsma, Sara Allin, Katerina Gapanenko
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the technical efficiency of acute inpatient care at the pan-Canadian level and to explore the factors associated with inefficiency-why hospitals are not on their production frontier. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Canadian Management Information System (MIS) database (CMDB) and Discharge Abstract Database (DAD) for the fiscal year of 2012-2013. STUDY DESIGN: We use a nonparametric approach (data envelopment analysis) applied to three peer groups (teaching, large, and medium hospitals, focusing on their acute inpatient care only)...
April 17, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664667/food-security-and-its-related-factors-in-the-rural-households-of-bam-city-in-iran-a-logistic-regression-model-approach
#9
Saeed Khodabakhshzadeh, Samira Amirzadeh Moradabadi, Sadegh Khodabakhshzadeh, Mohammad Baniasadi, Touraj Harati Khalilabad
Awareness of the food security status of rural population and its influencing factors is essential for policy makers, public health institutions and the development of rural programs. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2017 on 384 rural households in Bam city. The data was collected via the 6-item USDA questionnaire. Logistic regression was used to determine the relationship between social, economic and health factors with food security. The results indicate that 35.67% of households had full food security status, 24...
January 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664551/socio-demographic-and-psychological-determinants-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-after-six-months-postpartum-a-polish-case-cohort-study
#10
Karolina Maria Maliszewska, Mariola Bidzan, Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund, Krzysztof Preis
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the socio-demographic and psychological factors connected with exclusive breastfeeding after 6 months postpartum. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 251 women filled in questionnaires in the first week postpartum, then again after 3 and 6 months. The questionnaires included socio-demographic and medical questions, as well as psychological tools: the NEO-FFI Personality Inventory, the Berlin Social Support Scales (BSSS), and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664216/subgroups-of-dutch-homeless-young-adults-based-on-risk-and-protective-factors-for-quality-of-life-results-of-a-latent-class-analysis
#11
Astrid M Altena, Mariëlle D Beijersbergen, Jeroen K Vermunt, Judith R L M Wolf
It is important to gain more insight into specific subgroups of homeless young adults (HYA) to enable the development of tailored interventions that adequately meet their diverse needs and to improve their quality of life. Within a heterogeneous sample of HYA, we investigated whether subgroups are distinguishable based on risk- and protective factors for quality of life. In addition, differences between subgroups were examined regarding the socio-demographic characteristics, the use of cognitive coping strategies and quality of life...
April 17, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664134/intra-specific-variation-in-social-organization-of-strepsirrhines
#12
REVIEW
Paul Agnani, Cécile Kauffmann, Loren D Hayes, Carsten Schradin
Strepsirrhines, that is, lemurs, galagos, and lorises, are considered basal primates, making them important to understand the evolution of primate sociality. Apart from some lemurs, they are nocturnal and solitary living, though the view of their sociality nature has changed with field studies being completed. We conducted a review of the primary literature about the social organization (group composition) of strepsirrhines, with the aim to determine whether intra-specific variation in social organization (IVSO) occurs and to determine how many species are pair-living, group-living, or solitary living...
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663980/evaluation-of-nighttime-media-use-and-sleep-patterns-in-first-semester-college-students
#13
Jonathon Whipps, Mark Byra, Kenneth G Gerow, Emily Hill Guseman
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated how nighttime media use is associated with sleep behaviors in firstsemester college students, and variation by weight status. METHODS: In September 2016, first-semester college students (N = 114) completed surveys evaluating nighttime media usage (NMU) and sleep behaviors. Height, weight, and waist circumference were measured, and weight status was determined by body mass index. RESULTS: Students reported a mean sleep duration of 7...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663510/differences-in-prevalence-of-diabetes-among-immigrants-to-canada-from-south-asian-countries
#14
A T Banerjee, B R Shah
AIMS: The prevalence of diabetes is high in South Asians migrants. However, most previous research has studied South Asians as a collective whole. The aim of this study was to examine diabetes prevalence among immigrants from five South Asian countries living in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: Population-based health care and immigration databases were used to compare crude and adjusted diabetes prevalence on 1 January 2012 between immigrants to Ontario from different South Asians countries and the non-immigrant population...
April 16, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663328/gamma-aminobutyric-acid-agonists-for-antipsychotic-induced-tardive-dyskinesia
#15
REVIEW
Samer Alabed, Youssef Latifeh, Husam Aldeen Mohammad, Hanna Bergman
BACKGROUND: Chronic antipsychotic drug treatment may cause tardive dyskinesia (TD), a long-term movement disorder. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) agonist drugs, which have intense sedative properties and may exacerbate psychotic symptoms, have been used to treat TD. OBJECTIVES: 1. Primary objectiveThe primary objective was to determine whether using non-benzodiazepine GABA agonist drugs for at least six weeks was clinically effective for the treatment of antipsychotic-induced TD in people with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or other chronic mental illnesses...
April 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662961/biopsychosocial-view-to-pseudocyesis-a-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Marzieh Azizi, Forouzan Elyasi
Background: Pseudocyesis is a psychopathological clinical syndrome in which a non-pregnant woman firmly believes herself to be pregnant and manifests many symptoms and signs of pregnancy. Although the exact etiology of pseudocyesis has not been determined. Objective: This study was conducted with the aim of assessing the biopsychosocial view to pseudocyesis. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive search in electronic databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and Scopus was conducted between 1943-2016 to retrieve pseudocyesis related articles...
September 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662716/social-stigma-and-familial-attitudes-related-to-infertility
#17
Rahime Nida Ergin, Aslıhan Polat, Bülent Kars, Deniz Öztekin, Kenan Sofuoğlu, Eray Çalışkan
Objective: To determine the perceived social stigma and familial attitides and perception of sexuality in infertile couples attending infertility clinics. Materials and Methods: Infertile couples attending infertility clinics between the years of 2014 and 2015 were requested to complete detailed evaluation forms including questions related to the social stigma on their infertility, their familial attitudes, and perception of sexuality. Any partner of the infertile couple accepting to enroll in the study was given the evaluation forms...
March 2018: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661747/patient-continued-use-of-online-health-care-communities-web-mining-of-patient-doctor-communication
#18
Bing Wu
BACKGROUND: In practice, online health communities have passed the adoption stage and reached the diffusion phase of development. In this phase, patients equipped with knowledge regarding the issues involved in health care are capable of switching between different communities to maximize their online health community activities. Online health communities employ doctors to answer patient questions, and high quality online health communities are more likely to be acknowledged by patients...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661651/-preferences-of-general-practitioners-in-metropolitan-france-with-regard-to-the-delegation-of-medico-administrative-tasks-to-secretaries-assisting-medico-social-workers-study-in-conjoint-analysis
#19
A Chanu, A Caron, G Ficheur, C Berkhout, A Duhamel, M Rochoy
BACKGROUND: A general practitioner's office is an economic unit where task delegation is an essential component in improving the quality and performance of work. AIM: To classify the preferences of general practitioners regarding the delegation of medical-administrative tasks to assistant medical-social secretaries. METHOD: Conjoint analysis was applied to a random sample of 175 general practitioners working in metropolitan France. Ten scenarios were constructed based on seven attributes: training for medical secretaries, logistical support during the consultation, delegation of management planning, medical records, accounting, maintenance, and taking initiative on the telephone...
April 13, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661223/youth-s-social-network-structures-and-peer-influences-study-protocol-mymovez-project-phase-i
#20
Kirsten E Bevelander, Crystal R Smit, Thabo J van Woudenberg, Laura Buijs, William J Burk, Moniek Buijzen
BACKGROUND: Youth are an important target group for social network interventions, because they are particularly susceptible to the adaptation of healthy and unhealthy habits and behaviors of others. They are surrounded by 'social influence agents' (i.e., role models such as family, friends and peers) that co-determine their dietary intake and physical activity. However, there is a lack of systematic and comprehensive research on the implementation of a social network approach in health campaigns...
April 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
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