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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531148/early-childhood-dental-caries-mouth-pain-and-malnutrition-in-the-ecuadorian-amazon-region
#1
Marvin So, Yianni A Ellenikiotis, Hannah M Husby, Cecilia Leonor Paz, Brittany Seymour, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez
Malnutrition and dental caries in early childhood remain persistent and intertwined global health challenges, particularly for indigenous and geographically-remote populations. To examine the prevalence and associations between early childhood dental caries, parent-reported mouth pain and malnutrition in the Amazonian region of Ecuador, we conducted a cross-sectional study of the oral health and nutrition status of 1407 children from birth through age 6 in the "Alli Kiru" program (2011-2013). We used multivariate regression analysis to examine relationships between severe caries, parent-reported mouth pain measures, and nutritional status...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530470/cd73-controls-extracellular-adenosine-generation-in-the-trigeminal-nociceptive-nerves
#2
X Liu, L Ma, S Zhang, Y Ren, R T Dirksen
Purinergic signaling is involved in pain generation and modulation in the nociceptive sensory nervous system. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) induces pain via activation of ionotropic P2X receptors while adenosine mediates analgesia via activation of metabotropic P1 receptors. These purinergic signaling are determined by ecto-nucleotidases that control ATP degradation and adenosine generation. Using enzymatic histochemistry, we detected ecto-AMPase activity in dental pulp, trigeminal ganglia (TG) neurons, and their nerve fibers...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527104/low-income-as-a-multiplicative-risk-factor-for-oral-pain-and-dental-problems-among-u-s-veteran-smokers
#3
Terrell A Hicks, Sarah M Wilson, Shaun P Thomas, Paul A Dennis, Julia M Neal, Patrick S Calhoun
PURPOSE: Compared to the United States (U.S.) general population, military veterans are at an increased risk of experiencing dental problems. This study documented associations between cigarette use and measures of dental/oral concern in a population of U.S. veterans who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. METHOD: A cross-sectional analysis of survey data from the Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans Health and Needs Study, a study of U...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526078/the-efficacy-of-chlorhexidine-gel-in-the-prevention-of-alveolar-osteitis-after-mandibular-third-molar-extraction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Amare Teshome
BACKGROUND: Alveolar osteitis is a very painful and distressing condition for a patient who has recently undergone a tooth extraction and has led dental professionals to search for preventive measures. The aim of this meta-analysis to determine the effect of chlorhexidine (CHX) gel on the incidence of alveolar osteitis after mandibular third molar extraction. METHODS: Studies were searched for on electronic search engines using Medline (PubMed), Cochrane central, Scopus and advanced Google Scholar from May 2015 to December 2015...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525993/translation-and-validation-of-the-finnish-version-of-index-of-dental-anxiety-and-fear-idaf-4c-%C3%A2-among-dental-students
#5
Mimmi Tolvanen, Katri Puijola, Jason M Armfield, Satu Lahti
BACKGROUND: Dental fear accounts for 41% of the non-habitual dental attendance such as visiting only when in pain among adult Finns. Dentists should be able to recognize patients in risk for irregular attendance due to dental fear and measure their fear with valid and reliable instrument that capture the multidimensionality of dental fear. The study's aim was to translate the Index of Dental Anxiety and Fear (IDAF-4C+) into Finnish and test its reliability and validity. METHODS: The study population consisted of dental students in a Finnish university (n = 202)...
May 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525515/lidocaine-prevents-oxidative-stress-induced-endothelial-dysfunction-of-the-systemic-artery-in-rats-with-intermittent-periodontal-inflammation
#6
Takumi Saito, Yasuhiro Yamamoto, Guo-Gang Feng, Yoshiaki Kazaoka, Yoshihiro Fujiwara, Hiroyuki Kinoshita
BACKGROUND: Periodontal inflammation causes endothelial dysfunction of the systemic artery. However, it is unknown whether the use of local anesthetics during painful dental procedures alleviates periodontal inflammation and systemic endothelial function. This study was designed to examine whether the gingival or systemic injection of lidocaine prevents oxidative stress-induced endothelial dysfunction of the systemic artery in rats with intermittent periodontal inflammation caused by lipopolysaccharides (LPS)...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525303/low-level-laser-therapy-after-wisdom-teeth-surgery-evaluation-of-immunologic-markers-secretory-immunoglobulin-a-and-lysozyme-levels-and-thermographic-examination-placebo-controlled-study
#7
Tatjana Dostalova, Veronika Kroulikova, Stepan Podzimek, Helena Jelinková
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this investigation is to analyze the effect of therapeutic low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to have a possibility to check pain and inflammation connected with surgical removal of impacted lower third molars in general anesthesia or even phobia [not accompanied by pain or fear of dental treatment, using immunologic markers-secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) and lysozyme]. The healing process was also monitored by infrared thermography. BACKGROUND DATA: LLLT can accelerate the proliferation phase of healing and decrease the inflammatory reaction, but the effect is not really clear...
May 16, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521109/cost-effectiveness-of-caries-prevention-in-practice-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
C O'Neill, H V Worthington, M Donaldson, S Birch, S Noble, S Killough, L Murphy, M Greer, J Brodison, R Verghis, M Tickle
A 2-arm parallel-group randomized controlled trial measured the cost-effectiveness of caries prevention in caries-free children aged 2 to 3 y attending general practice. The setting was 22 dental practices in Northern Ireland. Participants were centrally randomized into intervention (22,600 ppm fluoride varnish, toothbrush, a 50-mL tube of 1,450 ppm fluoride toothpaste, and standardized prevention advice) and control (advice only), both provided at 6-monthly intervals during a 3-y follow-up. The primary outcome measure was conversion from caries-free to caries-active states assessed by calibrated and blinded examiners; secondary outcome measures included decayed, missing, or filled teeth surfaces (dmfs); pain; and extraction...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512604/traditional-dentistry-knowledge-among-serbs-in-several-balkan-countries
#9
Dragan V Ilic, Biljana Andjelski Radicevic, Anely Nedelcheva, Ivana Djurovic, Dejan Ostojic
BACKGROUND/AIM: There are still unrevealed treasures of traditional dental medicine, that is, the reason to investigate and present various ways in treatment of oral and orofacial tissues, as well as magic and religious elements involved in representative areas among Serbs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information was collected from the elderly non-professional folk dentists and herbalists with the additional help of local physicians and dentists that was done through questionnaire and personal interviews...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512544/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-of-partially-edentulous-patients-treated-with-implant-supported-single-crowns-or-fixed-partial-dentures
#10
Bader K AlZarea
BACKGROUND: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is afflicted by different variables. Limited information is available regarding the impact of different phases of implant therapy on OHRQoL of edentulous patients. This study was carried out to assess the OHRQoL of patients treated with implant-supported single crowns or fixed partial dentures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 79 healthy partially edentulous subjects needing implant therapy were incorporated in this study...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509520/dental-pain-and-its-determinants-in-an-adult-population-in-tehran-iran-urban-heart-2
#11
Z Momeni, A Pakdaman, M Asadi-Lari, M R Vaez-Mahdavi, A R Shamshiri, H Hessari
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of dental pain in the past year among adults in Tehran-Iran, and its determinants. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional population study. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 20,322 adults (18-64 years old). METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted across the 22 districts using the multi-stage random sampling method. Data were analysed applying the complex samples method. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to adjust the effects of other variables on the outcome variable as dental pain in the past year...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509515/understanding-avoidance-and-non-attendance-among-adolescents-in-dental-care-an-integrative-review
#12
A Fägerstad, J Windahl, K Arnrup
OBJECTIVE: To review articles exploring manifestations of avoidance of or non-attendance to dental care, to identify background and concomitant factors specifically associated with dental avoidance among adolescents. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL and PsychINFO were searched using MeSH terms and keywords covering dental avoidance, non-attendance and non-utilization. Searches were limited to peer-reviewed studies in English, published in 1994-2014. Twenty-one research articles were included...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508937/the-prevalence-of-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-in-adults-presenting-with-temporomandibular-disorders-associated-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Órla Gilheaney, Lina Zgaga, Isolde Harpur, Greg Sheaf, Liss Kiefer, Sibylle Béchet, Margaret Walshe
Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are the most frequent non-dental orofacial pain disorders and may be associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), resulting in oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD). However, clinicians' understanding of involvement with OD caused by RA-related TMDs is limited and the methodological quality of research in this field has been criticised. Therefore, the aim of this study was to systematically review the prevalence of oral preparatory and oral stage signs and symptoms of OD in adults presenting with TMDs associated with RA...
May 16, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495408/is-the-level-of-nitric-oxide-in-the-dental-follicular-tissues-of-impacted-third-molars-with-a-history-of-recurrent-pericoronitis-a-true-marker-of-oxidative-stress
#14
Meltem Karsiyaka Hendek, Fatma Şenses, Üçler Kisa, Nurkan Aksoy, Umut Tekin
PURPOSE: Nitric oxide (NO) is an indicator of oxidative stress in several tissues. Its role in dental follicular (DF) tissues of impacted third molars with a history of recurrent pericoronitis is not well elucidated. The present study compared NO levels between inflamed and noninflamed DF tissues of impacted third molars with a history of recurrent pericoronitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed. The study sample included inflamed DF tissues (test group) with certain local inflammatory symptoms, such as pain, tenderness, swelling, and erythema and noninflamed DF tissues (control group) without local inflammatory symptoms of impacted mandibular third molars...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494607/scn9a-channelopathy-associated-autosomal-recessive-congenital-indifference-to-pain-a-case-report
#15
S Rajasekharan, L Martens, L Domingues, R Cauwels
BACKGROUND: Congenital Indifference to Pain (CIP) is a rare condition that inhibits the ability of patients to perceive physical pain but otherwise keeps normal sensory modalities. The condition has been mapped to an autosomal recessive trait to chromosome 2q 24.3 with mutations on the SCN9A gene. CASE REPORT: A 2 year old Caucasian female presented with CIP. Bite injuries, tongue wounds and unaccounted dental trauma episodes were frequently reported. Preventive instructions and possible treatment modalities were discussed with the parents...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492208/self-reported-dental-pain-and-dental-caries-among-8-12-year-old-school-children-an-exploratory-survey-in-lagos-nigeria
#16
Abiola A Adeniyi, Olumuyiwa O Odusanya
BACKGROUND: Dental pain is considered an important public health problem because it affects the daily life of children. This study was designed to assess the prevalence, associated factors, and impact of dental pain among 8-12-year-old school children in Lagos, Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey to determine self-reported dental pain among 8-12-year-old school children using an interviewer-administered questionnaire was conducted. This was followed by a clinical examination to determine the child's oral hygiene status and dental caries status...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490941/effectiveness-of-hypnosis-in-combination-with-conventional-techniques-of-behavior-management-in-anxiety-pain-reduction-during-dental-anesthetic-infiltration
#17
A Ramírez-Carrasco, C Butrón-Téllez Girón, O Sanchez-Armass, M Pierdant-Pérez
Background and Objective. Anxiety/pain are experiences that make dental treatment difficult for children, especially during the time of anesthesia. Hypnosis is used in pediatric clinical situations to modify thinking, behavior, and perception as well as, recently, in dentistry; therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of hypnosis combined with conventional behavior management techniques during infiltration anesthetic. Methods. Anxiety/pain were assessed with the FLACC scale during the anesthetic moment, as well as heart rate variability and skin conductance before and during the anesthetic moment, between the control and experimental group...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488319/general-oral-health-assessment-index-a-new-evaluation-proposal
#18
Juliana A D B Campos, Miriane L Zucoloto, Fernanda S S Bonafé, João Maroco
OBJECTIVES: To validity the General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) among adults who sought dental care and to present a new proposal for calculating scores on self-perception of oral health. BACKGROUND: There is no study that presents a GOHAI scores using weight of the items. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The one-factor model, the three-factor model (physical function, psychosocial/psychological function and pain/discomfort) and the second-order hierarchical model (SOHM) were evaluated from confirmatory factor analysis (λ, χ(2) /df, CFI,GFI and RMSEA)...
May 10, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483180/use-of-magnetic-neurostimulator-appliance-in-temporomandibular-disorder
#19
Marcelo Rossiti Florian, Vera Lucia Rasera Zotelli, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa, Larissa Angélica Bachir Polloni
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is ranked the second leading cause of orofacial pain after toothache, and there is no effective standard treatment for all cases. Therefore, much research has been conducted in the therapeutic areas of TMD, such as acupuncture and electrotherapy, for this purpose. The aim of this research was to evaluate application of the neuromagnetic stimulator device Haihua model CD-9, used within the precepts of acupuncture in treating TMD-related pain symptoms and limited mouth opening...
April 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481371/musculoskeletal-disorders-and-perception-of-working-conditions-a-survey-of-brazilian-dentists-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo
#20
Artênio José Ísper Garbin, Gabriella Barreto Soares, Renato Moreira Arcieri, Cléa Adas Saliba Garbin, Carlos Eduardo Siqueira
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders amongst dentists who work in public clinics in São Paulo, Brazil, to investigate their awareness of the presence of risk factors in the workplace, disability due to pain, and the influence of pain on this awareness and disability. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 204 dentists who work in public health clinics in the northwest of São Paulo, Brazil...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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