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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349351/the-relationship-between-subjective-oral-health-and-dental-fear-in-korean-adolescents
#1
Young-Soon Won, Youn-Soo Shim, So-Youn An
Background: This study is aimed to evaluate the level of fear and to reduce the overall fear, thereby enabling patients to receive treatment via timely visits. Methods: In a survey conducted by 460 South Korean middle school students, we used 453 data that faithfully responded to the survey. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to investigate the factors influencing subjective oral health and dental fear. The significance level used for statistical significance was α = 0...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349347/pain-measurement-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Nattapong Sirintawat, Kamonpun Sawang, Teeranut Chaiyasamut, Natthamet Wongsirichat
Regardless of whether it is acute or chronic, the assessment of pain should be simple and practical. Since the intensity of pain is thought to be one of the primary factors that determine its effect on a human's overall function and sense, there are many scales to assess pain. The aim of the current article was to review pain intensity scales that are commonly used in dental and oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS). Previous studies demonstrated that multidimensional scales, such as the McGill Pain Questionnaire, Short form of the McGill Pain Questionnaire, and Wisconsin Brief Pain Questionnaire were suitable for assessing chronic pain, while unidimensional scales, like the Visual Analogue Scales (VAS), Verbal descriptor scale, Verbal rating scale, Numerical rating Scale, Faces Pain Scale, Wong-Baker Faces Pain Rating Scale (WBS), and Full Cup Test, were used to evaluate acute pain...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348655/the-headache-of-temporomandibular-disorders
#3
J Virdee
This article endeavours to revise the key guidance and evidence on temporomandibular disorders (TMD), with a particular focus on myofascial pain. It highlights the important role that primary care dental practitioners play in providing holistic care during the patient's journey to manage this painful condition. I hope to give an insight into my own personal experiences to highlight the challenges patients can face in seeking appropriate support.
January 19, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331966/effectiveness-and-safety-of-oral-sedation-in-adult-patients-undergoing-dental-procedures-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#4
Jimmy de Oliveira Araújo, Rogério Heládio Lopes Motta, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi, Caio Chaves Guimarães, Juliana Cama Ramacciato, Natalia Karol de Andrade, Mabel Fernandes Fiqueiró, Luciane Cruz Lopes
INTRODUCTION: The management of anxious patients undergoing dental procedures is still a challenge in clinical practice. Despite a wide variety of drugs for oral sedation in adult patients, there are relatively few systematic reviews that compare the effectiveness and safety of different drugs administered via this route. Thus, this study will evaluate the effectiveness and safety of oral sedation with benzodiazepines and other agents to patients undergoing dental surgical procedures...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329493/a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial-of-intravenous-meloxicam-in-the-treatment-of-pain-following-dental-impaction-surgery
#5
Steven E Christensen, Stephen A Cooper, Randall J Mack, Stewart W McCallum, Wei Du, Alex Freyer
This randomized, controlled phase 2 study was conducted to evaluate the analgesic efficacy, safety, and tolerability of single intravenous (IV) doses of 15 mg, 30 mg, and 60 mg meloxicam compared with oral ibuprofen 400 mg and placebo after dental impaction surgery. The primary efficacy end point was the sum of time-weighted pain intensity differences for 0-24 hours postdose. Among 230 evaluable subjects, meloxicam IV 60 mg produced the greatest reduction in pain, followed by the 30-mg and 15-mg doses. Statistically significant differences in summed pain intensity differences over 24 hours were demonstrated for each active-treatment group vs placebo (favoring active treatment) and for meloxicam IV 30 mg and 60 mg vs ibuprofen 400 mg (favoring meloxicam IV)...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328868/oral-sciences-phd-program-enrollment-graduates-and-placement-1994-to-2016
#6
C R Herzog, D W Berzins, P DenBesten, R L Gregory, K M Hargreaves, R L W Messer, M Mina, M P Mooney, M L Paine, C Phillips, R B Presland, R G Quivey, F A Scannapieco, J F Sheridan, K K H Svoboda, P C Trackman, M P Walker, S G Walker, C Y Wang, J C C Hu
For decades, dental schools in the United States have endured a significant faculty shortage. Studies have determined that the top 2 sources of dental faculty are advanced education programs and private practice. Those who have completed both DDS and PhD training are considered prime candidates for dental faculty positions. However, there is no national database to track those trainees and no evidence to indicate that they entered academia upon graduation. The objective of this study was to assess outcomes of dental school-affiliated oral sciences PhD program enrollment, graduates, and placement between 1994 and 2016...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326503/impact-of-dental-trauma-on-quality-of-life-among-11-14-years-schoolchildren
#7
Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
Background: Traumatic injuries are common dental problems in pediatric dentistry that may influence the children's quality of life. Aim: the aim of this study is to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Egyptian schoolchildren aged 11-14 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 11700 schoolchildren from public and private schools of Mansoura city, Egypt...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324076/brain-functional-changes-before-during-and-after-clinical-pain
#8
X Hu, A J Racek, E Bellile, T D Nascimento, M C Bender, R L Toback, D Burnett, L Khatib, R McMahan, I Kovelman, R P Ellwood, A F DaSilva
This study used an emerging brain imaging technique, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), to investigate functional brain activation and connectivity that modulates sometimes traumatic pain experience in a clinical setting. Hemodynamic responses were recorded at bilateral somatosensory (S1) and prefrontal cortices (PFCs) from 12 patients with dentin hypersensitivity in a dental chair before, during, and after clinical pain. Clinical dental pain was triggered with 20 consecutive descending cold stimulations (32° to 0°C) to the affected teeth...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321029/association-of-caries-experience-and-dental-plaque-with-sociodemographic-characteristics-in-elementary-school-aged-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Saeed Bashirian, Samaneh Shirahmadi, Shabnam Seyedzadeh-Sabounchi, Ali Reza Soltanian, Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Farshid Vahdatinia
BACKGROUND: Dental caries among Iranian elementary school children aged 6-12 years continue to rise. To estimate treatment needs and guide health initiatives, current epidemiologic data are required. Such data are currently unavailable for dental health. The purpose of this study was to assess caries experience, dental plaque, and associated factors in elementary school-aged children from Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 988 elementary school children aged 7-12 years were selected by multistage cluster sampling...
January 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320883/the-prevalence-of-oral-stage-dysphagia-in-adults-presenting-with-temporomandibular-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Órla Gilheaney, Sibylle Béchet, Patrick Kerr, Ciaran Kenny, Shauna Smith, Rita Kouider, Rachel Kidd, Margaret Walshe
OBJECTIVE: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are the most commonly experienced non-dental orofacial pain disorders, with pain and dysfunction potentially resulting in oral stage dysphagia (OD). However, limited research has been conducted on this condition, with potential negative effects on clinical practice. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of OD in adults presenting with TMDs, diagnosed as per the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders or the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders protocols...
January 11, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318741/the-role-of-ergonomic-saddle-seats-and-magnification-loupes-in-the-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
A Plessas, M Bernardes Delgado
OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal disorders affect a high percentage of dentists, dental hygienists and therapists. Static and awkward working postures are considered as major risk factors. Proper seat selection and use of magnification loupes are promoted for their ergonomic benefits. The aim of this review was to evaluate the existing empirical evidence on the effect of the above interventions on (i) correction of poor posture and (ii) reduction in musculoskeletal pain. METHODS: The review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318405/the-efficacy-of-a-porcine-collagen-matrix-in-keratinized-tissue-augmentation-a-5-year-follow-up-study
#12
C Maiorana, L Pivetti, F Signorino, G B Grossi, A S Herford, M Beretta
BACKGROUND: When keratinized tissue width around dental implants is poorly represented, the clinician could resort to autogenous soft tissue grafting. Autogenous soft tissue grafting procedures are usually associated with a certain degree of morbidity. Collagen matrices could be used as an alternative to reduce morbidity and intra-operatory times. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a xenogeneic collagen matrix as a substitute for soft tissue grafting around dental implants...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316962/hopon-hyperbaric-oxygen-for-the-prevention-of-osteoradionecrosis-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-to-prevent-osteoradionecrosis-of-the-irradiated-mandible-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Richard Shaw, Christopher Butterworth, Binyam Tesfaye, Matthew Bickerstaff, Susanna Dodd, Gary Smerdon, Seema Chauhan, Peter Brennan, Keith Webster, James McCaul, Peter Nixon, Anastasios Kanatas, Paul Silcocks
BACKGROUND: Osteoradionecrosis of the mandible is the most common serious complication of radiotherapy for head and neck malignancy. For decades, hyperbaric oxygen has been employed in efforts to prevent those cases of osteoradionecrosis that are precipitated by dental extractions or implant placement. The evidence for using hyperbaric oxygen remains poor and current clinical practice varies greatly. We describe a protocol for a clinical trial to assess the benefit of hyperbaric oxygen in the prevention of osteoradionecrosis during surgery on the irradiated mandible...
January 10, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316548/determinants-of-dental-care-attendance-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#14
Juliana Schaia Rocha, Letícia Yumi Arima, Renata Iani Werneck, Samuel Jorge Moysés, Márcia Helena Baldani
Despite the fact that dental care attendance during pregnancy has been recommended by guidelines and institutions, the demand for dental services is still low among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to identify and analyze the determinants of dental care attendance during pregnancy. We performed a systematic literature search in the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Brazilian Library in Dentistry, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Medline using relevant keywords...
January 10, 2018: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314140/prevalence-of-tinnitus-according-to-temporomanibular-joint-disorders-and-dental-pain-the-korean-national-population-based-study
#15
Y H Kim, Y G Park, K D Han, D Vu, K H Cho, S Y Lee
Some studies have reported that temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) is related to tinnitus. However, there is no study of the relationship and prevalence of dental pain and tinnitus. We evaluated the associations between the prevalence of tinnitus and TMD and dental pain by analyzing the Korean national health survey. We analyzed total 11,745 participants. Presence of tinnitus, TMD symptoms, and dental pain were surveyed by self-assessment questionnaires from the all participants. Multivariable regression analysis was applied to acquire odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311020/is-the-routine-practice-of-antibiotic-prescription-and-microbial-culture-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-testing-justified-in-primary-maxillofacial-space-infection-patients-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-study
#16
Saroj Kumari, Sujata Mohanty, Pankaj Sharma, Jitender Dabas, Sanchaita Kohli, Cathrine Diana
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective, randomized, comparative clinical study was to compare treatment outcome of removal of foci and incision and drainage, with or without oral antibiotic therapy, in the management of single primary maxillofacial space infection with a known focus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients with single primary maxillofacial space infection with a known infectious focus were divided into two groups, one treated with incision and drainage only, and the other with incision and drainage along with oral antibiotics...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303763/development-of-mirror-pain-following-trigeminal-nerve-injury-a-case-report-and-review-of-neuropathic-mechanisms
#17
James A Giglio, John M Gregg
Following injury to a peripheral nerve, patients may complain of pain over the distribution of the same contralateral nerve, a phenomenon referred to as contralateral pain or mirror pain (MP). Symptoms of MP usually begin after the neuropathic pain from the original nerve injury has become chronic. Chronic neuropathic pain can lead to sensitization and spread of pain. Because the diagnosis of MP can be missed, patients may undergo multiple treatment procedures that prove to be ineffective in relieving the pain...
January 2018: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303409/clinical-evaluation-of-a-new-synthetic-resorbable-dental-membrane-a-case-series-study
#18
Hélène Martin Thomé, David Bourdin, Nicolas Strube, Afchine Saffarzadeh, Jean-Francois Morlock, Guillaume Campard, Charles Evanno, Alain Hoornaert, Pierre Layrolle
For the regeneration of small osseous defects, dental membranes are commonly used in oral and maxillofacial surgery. A new synthetic resorbable membrane has recently demonstrated its biocompatibility and bone regeneration capacity in preclinical studies. This membrane is made of poly-D,L-lactic/glycolic acid 85/15 (PLGA), has a bi-layered structure with a dense film to prevent gingival epithelial cell invasion and a micro-fibrous layer to support osteogenic cells and bone healing. This membrane completely degrades by hydrolysis in 4 to 6 months without signs of inflammation...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297554/survival-success-of-dental-implants-with-acid-etched-surfaces-a-retrospective-evaluation-after-8-to-10-years
#19
Lélis Gustavo Nicoli, Guilherme José Pimentel Lopes de Oliveira, Beatriz Maria Valério Lopes, Cláudio Marcantonio, Daniela Leal Zandim-Barcelos, Elcio Marcantonio
The aim of this study was to conduct a retrospective evaluation of the survival and success rates of dental implants with acid-etched surfaces after 8-10 years of function. Forty-four patients who received 183 implants 8-10 years ago were evaluated. Clinical examinations were performed around the implants and natural teeth. The following parameters were measured: visible plaque index (VPI), marginal bleeding index (MBI), probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP) and clinical attachment level (CAL). To considerer an implant as a success case, the following criteria were considered: absence of peri-implant infection and suppuration, absence of implant mobility, absence of persistent pain and dysesthesia and absence of radiolucency around the implant...
May 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291254/supportive-periodontal-therapy-spt-for-maintaining-the-dentition-in-adults-treated-for-periodontitis
#20
REVIEW
Carolina Manresa, Elena C Sanz-Miralles, Joshua Twigg, Manuel Bravo
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a bacterially-induced, chronic inflammatory disease that destroys the connective tissues and bone that support teeth. Active periodontal treatment aims to reduce the inflammatory response, primarily through eradication of bacterial deposits. Following completion of treatment and arrest of inflammation, supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) is employed to reduce the probability of re-infection and progression of the disease; to maintain teeth without pain, excessive mobility or persistent infection in the long term, and to prevent related oral diseases...
January 1, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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