keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sarcopenia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340152/sarcopenia-and-relationships-between-muscle-mass-measured-glomerular-filtration-rate-and-physical-function-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stages-3-5
#1
Yunan Zhou, Matthias Hellberg, Philippa Svensson, Peter Höglund, Naomi Clyne
Background.: Sarcopenia and poor physical function are common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Our aim was to investigate the relationships between muscle mass and measured glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and between muscle mass and strength and balance, respectively, in patients with CKD stages 3-5. Methods.: This is a baseline data analysis of a randomized controlled clinical trial. A total of 148 adult patients with an estimated GFR <30 mL/min/1...
March 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334220/effect-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-developed-countries
#2
Zaki K Hassan-Smith, Martin Hewison, Neil J Gittoes
Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is common worldwide with adverse effects on skeletal health. In recent years, there has been great interest in non-classical actions of vitamin D. Basic research has uncovered actions in a range of non-skeletal tissues, and observational studies have identified inverse relationships with risk of a number of disease states including sarcopenia, obesity, the metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, cancer and autoimmune diseases. Sources of data: PubMed, Medline and Cochrane Systematic Reviews...
March 9, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333596/to-create-a-consensus-on-malnutrition-diagnostic-criteria
#3
Tommy Cederholm, Gordon L Jensen
During the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) Congress in Copenhagen, Denmark (September 2016), representatives of the 4 largest global parenteral and enteral nutrition (PEN) societies from Europe (ESPEN), the United States (American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition [ASPEN]), Asia (Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Society of Asia [PENSA]), and Latin America (Latin American Federation of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition [FELANPE]) and from national PEN societies around the world met to continue the conversation on how to diagnose malnutrition that started during the Clinical Nutrition Week, Austin, Texas (February 2016)...
March 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331906/associations-between-sarcopenia-and-degenerative-lumbar-scoliosis-in-older-women
#4
Yawara Eguchi, Munetaka Suzuki, Hajime Yamanaka, Hiroshi Tamai, Tatsuya Kobayashi, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Miyako Suzuki, Kazuhide Inage, Kazuki Fujimoto, Hirohito Kanamoto, Koki Abe, Yasuchika Aoki, Tomoaki Toyone, Tomoyuki Ozawa, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: Age-related sarcopenia can cause various forms of physical disabilities. We investigated how sarcopenia affects degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS) and lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSCS). METHODS: Subjects comprised 40 elderly women (mean age 74 years) with spinal disease whose chief complaints were low back pain and lower limb pain. They included 15 cases of DLS (mean 74.8 years) and 25 cases of LSCS (mean age 72.9 years). We performed whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to analyze body composition, including appendicular and trunk skeletal muscle mass index (SMI; lean mass (kg)/height (m)(2)) and bone mineral density (BMD)...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331100/microrna-434-3p-regulates-age-related-apoptosis-through-eif5a1-in-the-skeletal-muscle
#5
Patricia S Pardo, Ameena Hajira, Aladin M Boriek, Junaith S Mohamed
Sarcopenia is caused by increased activation of catabolic pathways, including apoptosis. However, the mechanism underlying sarcopenia is not well understood. We report that aging alters miRNA expression profile as evidenced by miRNA microarray and real-time PCR. Our data show that miR-434-3p is highly downregulated miRNA in skeletal muscles of the aging mouse and provided the first evidence that miR-434 is a novel regulator of apoptosis. Myocytes transfected with miR-434-3p mimic prevents apoptosis induced by various apoptotic stimuli, and that inhibitory role of miR-434-3p was abolished by its antagomir, suggesting a role for miR-434-3p in apoptosis...
March 22, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329345/prevalence-and-clinical-correlates-of-sarcopenia-identified-according-to-the-ewgsop-definition-and-diagnostic-algorithm-in-hospitalized-older-people-the-glisten-study
#6
Lara Bianchi, Pasquale Abete, Giuseppe Bellelli, Mario Bo, Antonio Cherubini, Francesco Corica, Mauro Di Bari, Marcello Maggio, Giovanna Maria Manca, Maria Rosaria Rizzo, Andrea P Rossi, Francesco Landi, Stefano Volpato
Background: Prevalence of sarcopenia is substantial in most geriatrics settings, but estimates vary greatly across studies because of difference in population characteristics, diagnostic criteria, and methods used to assess muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance. We investigated the feasibility of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) algorithm assessment in hospitalized older adults and analyzed prevalence and clinical correlates of sarcopenia...
January 21, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329087/clinical-definitions-of-sarcopenia-and-risk-of-hospitalization-in-community-dwelling-older-men-the-osteoporotic-fractures-in-men-study
#7
Peggy M Cawthon, Li-Yung Lui, Brent C Taylor, Charles E McCulloch, Jane A Cauley, Jodi Lapidus, Eric Orwoll, Kristine E Ensrud
Background: The association between various definitions of sarcopenia and hospitalization has not been evaluated in community-dwelling older men. Methods: We used data from 1,516 participants at Visit 3 of the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) study who also had linked Medicare Fee-For-Service Claims data available. We examined the association between several sarcopenia definitions (International Working Group, European Working Group for Sarcopenia in Older Persons, Foundation for the NIH Sarcopenia Project, Baumgartner, and Newman) and hospitalization, using two-part ("hurdle") models, adjusted for age, clinical center, functional limitations, self-reported health, comorbidity, and cognitive function...
January 18, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329045/extensive-type-ii-muscle-fiber-atrophy-in-elderly-female-hip-fracture-patients
#8
Irene Fleur Kramer, Tim Snijders, Joey S J Smeets, Marika Leenders, Janneau van Kranenburg, Marcel den Hoed, Lex B Verdijk, Martijn Poeze, Luc J C van Loon
Background: Sarcopenia, or the loss of muscle mass and strength, is known to increase the risk for falls and (hip) fractures in older people. The objective of this study was to assess the skeletal muscle fiber characteristics in elderly female hip fracture patients. Method: Percutaneous needle biopsies were collected from the vastus lateralis muscle in 15 healthy young women (20 ± 0.4 years), 15 healthy elderly women (79 ± 1.7 years), and 15 elderly women with a fall-related hip fracture (82 ± 1...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327109/a-cross-sectional-study-on-sarcopenia-using-different-methods-reference-values-for-healthy-saudi-young-men
#9
Shaea A Alkahtani
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine reference values for sarcopenia indices using different methods in healthy Saudi young men. METHODS: Participants included 232 Saudi men aged between 20 and 35 years. The study measured anthropometric indices, blood pressure, hand grip strength, and lean muscle mass using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) was performed using Inbody 770 and Tanita 980 devices. RESULTS: Using DXA, the mean value of appendicular lean mass divided by the height squared (ALM/ht(2)) was found to be 8...
March 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327105/association-of-physical-activity-on-body-composition-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-and-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-korean-population-from-the-fifth-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2011
#10
Gwang-Sil Kim, Eui Im, Ji-Hyuck Rhee
BACKGROUND: Data regarding associations among physical activity (PA) level, body composition, and prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in Asian populations are rare. METHODS: The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was utilized to estimate PA levels and analyze the association of PA level with various body composition parameters and the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases by using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2008 to 2011...
March 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326296/association-between-sarcopenic-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-postmenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-korean-national-health-and-nutritional-examination-surveys-from-2008-to-2011
#11
Sun-Young Kang, Gyeong Eun Lim, Yang Keun Kim, Hye Won Kim, Kayoung Lee, Tae-Jin Park, Jinseung Kim
BACKGROUND: Menopause contributes to an increase in visceral fat mass and a decrease in muscle protein synthesis. Therefore, we performed this study to examine their relationship how effect the changes of body composition as obesity and sarcopenia on metabolic syndrome (MS) as a predictor of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2008 to 2011, we estimated that 4,183 postmenopausal women underwent dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scans...
February 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326036/associations-between-early-markers-of-parkinson-s-disease-and-sarcopenia
#12
Michael Drey, Sandra E Hasmann, Jan-Peter Krenovsky, Markus A Hobert, Stefanie Straub, Morad Elshehabi, Anna-Katharina von Thaler, Andreas J Fallgatter, Gerhard W Eschweiler, Ulrike Suenkel, Daniela Berg, Walter Maetzler
Introduction: Sarcopenia and Parkinson's disease (PD) are both common age-related syndromes, and there is preliminary evidence that the probability of the co-occurrence of these syndromes within one individual is higher than expected. However, it is unclear to date whether one of the syndromes induces the other, or whether there may be common underlying causes. This pilot study thus aimed at investigating the association of the features of increased risk for PD with early stage sarcopenia (ESS). Method: Two hundred and fifty-five community-dwelling individuals were recruited from the Tübinger evaluation of Risk factors for Early detection of NeuroDegeneration (TREND) study...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324283/prognostic-value-of-computed-tomography-measured-parameters-of-body-composition-in-primary-operable-gastrointestinal-cancers
#13
Douglas Black, Craig Mackay, George Ramsay, Zaid Hamoodi, Shayanthan Nanthakumaran, Kenneth G M Park, Malcolm A Loudon, Colin H Richards
BACKGROUND: Previous reports suggest that body composition parameters can be used to predict outcomes for patients with gastrointestinal (GI) cancers. However, evidence for an association with long-term survival is conflicting, with much of the data derived from patients with advanced disease. This study examined the effect of body composition on survival in primary operable GI cancer. METHODS: Patients with resectable adenocarcinoma of the GI tract (esophagus, stomach, colon, rectum) between 2006 and 2014 were identified from a prospective database...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324124/osteoporosis-in-frail-patients-a-consensus-paper-of-the-belgian-bone-club
#14
REVIEW
E Gielen, P Bergmann, O Bruyère, E Cavalier, P Delanaye, S Goemaere, J-M Kaufman, M Locquet, J-Y Reginster, S Rozenberg, A-M Vandenbroucke, J-J Body
In this consensus paper, the Belgian Bone Club aims to provide a state of the art on the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of osteoporosis in frail individuals, including patients with anorexia nervosa, patients on dialysis, cancer patients, persons with sarcopenia, and the oldest old. All these conditions may indeed induce bone loss that is superimposed on physiological bone loss and often remains under-recognized and under-treated. This is of particular concern because of the major burden of osteoporotic fractures in terms of morbidity, mortality, and economic cost...
March 21, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318630/sarcopenia-and-its-individual-criteria-are-associated-in-part-with-mortality-among-patients%C3%A2-on-hemodialysis
#15
Piyawan Kittiskulnam, Glenn M Chertow, Juan J Carrero, Cynthia Delgado, George A Kaysen, Kirsten L Johansen
The relative importance of sarcopenia and its individual components as independent predictors of mortality in the dialysis population has not been determined. We estimated whole-body muscle mass using pre-dialysis bioimpedance spectroscopy measurements in 645 ACTIVE/ADIPOSE-enrolled prevalent hemodialysis patients from San Francisco and Atlanta. Low muscle mass was defined as two standard deviations below sex-specific means for young adults from NHANES and indexed to height(2), body weight, body surface area, or body mass index...
March 16, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318372/white-blood-cell-counts-insulin-resistance-vitamin-d-levels-and-sarcopenia-in-korean-elderly-men
#16
Sang-Hwan Kim, Hyun Seok Kwon, Hee-Jin Hwang
Sarcopenia is a major determinant of frailty, disability and mortality in the elderly. Whether low-grade inflammation, insulin resistance and vitamin D are independently associated with sarcopenia remains unclear. In our study, sarcopenia was defined as an appendicular skeletal muscle mass divided by height squared (ASM/Ht(2)) that was <2 SD below the normal means for young adults. Insulin resistance was estimated using the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index [(insulin (IU/mL) × fasting glucose (mg/dL)/18)/22...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317484/redox-systems-antioxidants-and-sarcopenia
#17
Bertrand Fougère, Gabor Abellan van Kan, Bruno Vellas, Matteo Cesari
According to the free-radical theory of aging, oxidative stress is a key contributor to the onset of age-related conditions by inducing structural and functional alterations in several cellular components. Although innate defenses exist for limiting the occurrence of such detrimental effects, their ability to counteract the continuous and large production of reactive oxygen species becomes increasingly inefficient with aging. In this context, interventions aimed at preserving the homeostatic balance between oxidant production and antioxidant protection may be beneficial on the pathophysiological modifications and clinical manifestations featuring the aging process...
March 17, 2017: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315175/associations-of-adipose-and-muscle-tissue-parameters-at-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis-with-long-term-health-related-quality-of-life
#18
Eline H van Roekel, Martijn J L Bours, Malou E M Te Molder, José J L Breedveld-Peters, Steven W M Olde Damink, Leo J Schouten, Silvia Sanduleanu, Geerard L Beets, Matty P Weijenberg
PURPOSE: Increased visceral adiposity (visceral obesity) and muscle wasting (sarcopenia) at colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis, quantified by computed tomography (CT) image analysis, have been unfavorably associated with short-term clinical outcomes and survival, but associations with long-term health-related quality of life (HRQoL) have not been investigated. We studied associations of visceral adiposity, muscle fat infiltration, muscle mass, and sarcopenia at CRC diagnosis with HRQoL 2-10 years post-diagnosis...
March 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306487/effects-of-various-factors-on-doppler-ultrasonographic-measurements-of-radial-and-coccygeal-arterial-blood-pressure-in-privately-owned-conscious-cats
#19
Jacqueline C Whittemore, Michael R Nystrom, Dianne I Mawby
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of age, body condition score (BCS), and muscle condition score (MCS) on radial and coccygeal systolic arterial blood pressure (SAP) in cats. DESIGN Prospective randomized trial. ANIMALS 66 privately owned cats enrolled between May and December 2010. PROCEDURES BCS and MCS of cats were assessed by 2 investigators; SAP was measured via Doppler ultrasonic flow detector, with cats positioned in right lateral or sternal recumbency for measurements at the radial or coccygeal artery, respectively, with order of site randomized...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303397/association-of-the-baltic-sea-and-mediterranean-diets-with-indices-of-sarcopenia-in-elderly-women-osptre-fps-study
#20
Masoud Isanejad, Joonas Sirola, Jaakko Mursu, Toni Rikkonen, Heikki Kröger, Marjo Tuppurainen, Arja T Erkkilä
PURPOSE: To examine whether higher adherence to Baltic Sea diet (BSD) and Mediterranean diet (MED) have beneficial association with sarcopenia indices in elderly women. METHODS: In total 554 women, aged 65-72 years belonging to OSTPRE-FPS study answered a questionnaire on lifestyle factors and 3-day food record at baseline in 2002. Food consumptions and nutrient intakes were calculated. Nine components were selected to calculate BSD score. MED score was calculated using eight components...
March 16, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
keyword
keyword
6327
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"