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Soft tissue calcification

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740329/940-nm-diode-laser-assisted-excision-of-peripheral-ossifying-fibroma-in-a-neonate
#1
Nitesh Tewari, Vijay Prakash Mathur, Asit Mridha, Kalpana Bansal, Divesh Sardana
BACKGROUND: Peripheral ossifying fibroma associated with neonatal tooth extraction is a rare, benign reactive lesion, but its nature and location often scares the patient & parents for possibility of neoplasm. A high recurrence rate makes its histopathological examination and long term follow up important. CASE REPORT: A 2 months old boy presented with enlarging soft tissue growth on the anterior mandibular ridge. The history revealed extraction of two neonatal teeth at 2 weeks of age...
March 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702187/procedure-applications-and-outcomes-of-autologous-fat-grafting
#2
REVIEW
Francesco Simonacci, Nicolò Bertozzi, Michele Pio Grieco, Eugenio Grignaffini, Edoardo Raposio
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the procedure, applications, and outcomes of autologous fat grafting, a promising technique with various clinical applications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Literature review of publications concerning autologous fat grafting. RESULTS: Since its introduction, lipofilling has become increasingly popular; however, its results are variable and unpredictable. Several modifications have been made to the procedures of fat harvesting, processing, and injecting...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695356/what-are-the-differentiating-clinical-and-mri-features-of-enchondromas-from-low-grade-chondrosarcomas
#3
Hassan Douis, M Parry, S Vaiyapuri, A M Davies
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of clinical assessment, conventional and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI in differentiating enchondromas from chondrosarcomas of long bone. METHODS: The following clinical and MRI findings were assessed: age, gender, pain, pain attributable to lesion, tumour location, tumour length, presence, depth of endosteal scalloping, bone marrow oedema, soft tissue oedema, cortical destruction, periosteal reaction, bone expansion, macroscopic fat, calcification, soft tissue mass, haemorrhage, dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI...
July 10, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679511/traumatic-myositis-ossificans-circumscripta-moc
#4
Manel Landolsi, Tej Mrad
We report a case of a 29-year-old man who had been a victim of a public road accident. Four weeks later, the patient developed an isolated right thigh mass located ventrally in the distal one-third of the thigh. The mass was painful and associated with fever and inflammatory syndrome. Plain radiographs showed a bilateral calcified thickening of soft tissues with well-defined bony margins. Ultrasound objectified diffuse calcifications of soft tissues.CT scan-confirmed the diagnosis of myositis ossificans circumscripta, showing a bilateral thickening of the vastus intermedius chief of the quadriceps dotted with calcifications, extending along the femur axis...
July 5, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677820/calcifying-epithelioma-of-malherbe-pilomatrixoma-clinical-and-sonographic-features
#5
Sai-Feng Lin, Shi-Hao Xu, Zuo-Liu Xie
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical and sonographic features of calcifying epitheliomas (pilomatrixomas). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data and sonographic appearances of 59 cases of calcifying epitheliomas in 58 patients that were confirmed pathologically. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 26 years (range, 5-69 years) and the female-to-male ratio was 1.2. All masses were located in subcutaneous soft tissues...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670091/metastatic-calcinosis-cutis-in-end-stage-renal-disease
#6
Victoria A Jaeger, Megan G Newman, Curtis R Mirkes
Alterations in calcium and phosphorus levels and joint pain are a common occurrence in end-stage renal disease patients. However, metastatic calcinosis cutis is a rare diagnosis that often combines these two findings, with extensive soft tissue calcification surrounding a large joint being the hallmark of this disease. The exact mechanism behind this clinical entity is unknown. The treatment and complications can be severe and disabling. Here, we discuss the case of a 26-year-old man presenting with unusually advanced skin and joint calcification of the shoulders, neck, hand, and penis...
July 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665047/external-tooth-resorption-associated-with-a-peripheral-odontogenic-fibroma-review-and-case-report
#7
Geoffrey Sinclair Heithersay, Davide Musu, Elisabetta Cotti
The purpose of the study is to document a rare case of a peripheral odontogenic fibroma with associated cervical and coronal tooth resorption in a 38-year-old female. Histopathologic features are described, the clinical management outlined and follow-up observations over 27 years detailed. The exophytic firm lesion,coral pink in appearance, located on the labial aspect of a maxillary left lateral incisor was excised, fixed in formalin and prepared for histolologic evaluation. The resorption cavity and adjacent soft tissue were treated by the topical application of trichloracetic acid prior to restoration with a glass ionomer cement and subsequent root canal treatment...
June 30, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661982/extra-articular-soft-tissue-calcification-after-burn-injury-a-case-study
#8
Young Jae Moon, Seong-Yup Jeong, Kwang-Bok Lee
Soft-tissue calcifications after burn injury commonly develop in periarticular regions, especially in the elbow joint. They can be easily recognized in patients because calcification in the joint limits range of motion and brings about tingling sensation due to compression of ulnar nerve. However, the incidence of extra-articular soft-tissue calcification after burn injury has rarely been reported. We present a patient with massive soft-tissue calcification in extra-articular burn scar with nonhealing ulcer after a long latency period of 40 years...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647521/heterotopic-ossification-of-the-peroneus-brevis-tendon-in-a-pediatric-patient
#9
Karan Dua, James M Barsi
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is abnormal formation of mature lamellar bone in soft tissues. HO is most commonly diagnosed in the setting of localized trauma, which results in improper differentiation of progenitor cells, leading to aberrant tissue formation. In the pediatric population, nongenetic causes of HO have rarely been reported, especially HO involving the tendons of the ankle. We present a case of HO of the peroneus brevis tendon without systemic disease in a pediatric patient. The patient was a 7-year-old female with a normal birth and developmental history who first presented 6 weeks after a right ankle sprain with pain localized to the lateral calcaneus...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620632/prevalence-of-soft-tissue-calcifications-in-cbct-images-of-mandibular-region
#10
Leila Khojastepour, Abdolaziz Haghnegahdar, Hamed Sayar
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Most of the soft tissue calcifications within the head and neck region might not be accompanied by clinical symptoms but may indicate some pathological conditions. PURPOSE: The aim of this research was to determine the prevalence of soft tissue calcifications in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of mandibular region. MATERIALS AND METHOD: In this cross sectional study the CBCT images of 602 patients including 294 men and 308 women with mean age 41...
June 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579442/phosphaturic-mesenchymal-tumor-of-the-nasal-cavity-and-paranasal-sinuses-a-clinical-curiosity-presenting-a-diagnostic-challenge
#11
Shubhada V Kane, Aanchal Kakkar, Nikita Oza, Epari Sridhar, Prathamesh S Pai
Phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor (PMT) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm associated with tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) and elevated serum FGF-23. Common in extremities, PMT rarely occurs in sinonasal region. We report a series of sinonasal PMT diagnosed at our institute over a 6-year period. Six cases of sinonasal PMT were identified during this period, of which five presented with features of TIO. Median age of patients was 45.5 years. All six tumors were composed of stellate to spindled cells, with prominent staghorn vasculature in four cases...
June 1, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553189/the-role-of-bone-scintigraphy-with-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-computed-tomography-in-the-diagnosis-and-evaluation-of-calciphylaxis
#12
Patrick Martineau, Matthieu Pelletier-Galarneau, Sadri Bazarjani
Calciphylaxis, also known as calcific uremic arteriolopathy, is an uncommon disease, typically found in patients with the end-stage renal disease. Pathophysiological features include small vessel vasculopathy with mural calcification, fibrosis, and thrombosis. The clinical presentation varies but often consists of the necrosis of skin and subcutaneous tissues, with or without visceral organ involvement due to small vessel vasculopathy. This condition has a significant morbidity and mortality, making accurate diagnosis imperative...
April 2017: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552661/30years-of-dxa-technology-innovations
#13
Claus-C Glüer
As the successor of Dual Photon Absorptiometry (DPA), Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) has seen 30years of continuous technological innovations. Implementation of measures for standardization and quality assurance made DXA a reliable and clinically useful approach. Its use in clinical multicenter drug studies in osteoporosis lead to general acceptance as the standard technique of bone densitometry. The limitations of DXA are well established. As a measure of areal bone mineral density (aBMD) it depends on bone size and is biased by overlaying soft tissue and calcified structures...
May 24, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533647/f-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-appearance-of-extramedullary-hematopoesis-in-a-case-of-primary-myelofibrosis
#14
Anirban Mukherjee, Chandrasekhar Bal, Madhavi Tripathi, Chandan Jyoti Das, Shamim Ahmed Shamim
A 44-year-old female with known primary myelofibrosis presented with shortness of breath. High Resolution Computed Tomography thorax revealed large heterogeneously enhancing extraparenchymal soft tissue density mass involving bilateral lung fields. F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography revealed mildly FDG avid soft tissue density mass with specks of calcification involving bilateral lung fields, liver, and spleen. Subsequent histopathologic evaluation from the right lung mass was suggestive of extramedullary hematopoesis...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469926/primary-hypertrophic-osteoarthropathy-due-to-a-novel-slco2a1-mutation-masquerading-as-acromegaly
#15
Ruth Mangupli, Adrian F Daly, Elvia Cuauro, Paul Camperos, Jaime Krivoy, Albert Beckers
SUMMARY: A 20-year-old man with an 8-year history of progressive enlargement of his hands and feet, coarsening facial features, painful joints and thickened, oily skin was referred for investigation of acromegaly. On examination, the subject was of normal height and weight. He had markedly increased skin thickness around the forehead, eyelids and scalp with redundant skin folds. Bilateral painful knee swelling was accompanied by enlargement of the extremities, and his fingers were markedly clubbed...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467663/screening-for-atypical-femur-fractures-using-extended-femur-scans-by-dxa
#16
Denise M van de Laarschot, Alexandra A A Smits, Sanne K C Buitendijk, Merel T Stegenga, M Carola Zillikens
Atypical femur fractures (AFFs) are a rare but serious complication associated with the use of antiresorptive drugs such as bisphosphonates. Assessment of incomplete AFFs on extended femur scans by Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) may prevent the development of complete fractures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of extended femur scans by DXA as a screening tool for incomplete AFFs. From June 2014 until September 2016 extended femur scans were routinely performed in all consecutive patients undergoing DXA scanning who had used bisphosphonates or denosumab at any given moment in the previous year...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457521/image-processing-can-cause-some-malignant-soft-tissue-lesions-to-be-missed-in-digital-mammography-images
#17
L M Warren, M D Halling-Brown, P T Looney, D R Dance, M G Wallis, R M Given-Wilson, L Wilkinson, R McAvinchey, K C Young
AIM: To investigate the effect of image processing on cancer detection in mammography. METHODS AND MATERIALS: An observer study was performed using 349 digital mammography images of women with normal breasts, calcification clusters, or soft-tissue lesions including 191 subtle cancers. Images underwent two types of processing: FlavourA (standard) and FlavourB (added enhancement). Six observers located features in the breast they suspected to be cancerous (4,188 observations)...
April 27, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448414/computed-tomography-features-of-benign-and-malignant-calcified-thyroid-nodules-a-single-center-study
#18
Donghyun Kim, Dong Wook Kim, Young Jin Heo, Jin Wook Baek, Yoo Jin Lee, Young Mi Park, Hye Jin Baek, Soo Jin Jung
OBJECTIVE: No previous studies have investigated thyroid calcification on computed tomography (CT) quantitatively by using Hounsfield unit (HU) values. This study aimed to analyze quantitative HU values of thyroid calcification on preoperative neck CT and to assess the characteristics of benign and malignant calcified thyroid nodules (CTNs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred twenty patients who underwent neck CT before thyroid surgery from January 2015 to June 2016 were included...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441370/conventional-modalities-and-novel-emerging-imaging-techniques-for-musculoskeletal-tumors
#19
Meera Raghavan
BACKGROUND: Imaging of musculoskeletal tumors requires a multimodality approach and includes radiography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Topics related to primary bone and soft-tissue tumors are reviewed. The fundamental imaging principles are discussed as well as the applications of emerging imaging modalities. RESULTS: MRI is the preferred technique for the evaluation of musculoskeletal tumors, whereas other imaging modalities play a complementary role...
April 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440087/cervical-dural-calcification-and-cervical-myelopathy-in-x-linked-hypophosphataemic-rickets-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Ali A Najefi, Daniel B Beder, Shiraz A Sabah, Kia Rezajooi
X-linked hypophosphataemic rickets (XLHR) is a genetic disorder resulting from a genetic mutation in the PHEX gene. This may cause ossification of soft tissue structures risking spinal cord compression. We present the first known case of cervical dural calcification secondary to XLHR to cause myelopathic symptoms due to cord compression.
April 25, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
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