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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729279/complete-genome-sequence-of-an-avian-metapneumovirus-subtype-a-strain-isolated-from-chicken-gallus-gallus-in-brazil
#1
Laís S Rizotto, Guilherme P Scagion, Tereza C Cardoso, Raphael M Simão, Leonardo C Caserta, Julia C Benassi, Lara B Keid, Trícia M F de S Oliveira, Rodrigo M Soares, Clarice W Arns, Steven Van Borm, Helena L Ferreira
We report here the complete genome sequence of an avian metapneumovirus (aMPV) isolated from a tracheal tissue sample of a commercial layer flock. The complete genome sequence of aMPV-A/chicken/Brazil-SP/669/2003 was obtained using MiSeq (Illumina, Inc.) sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis of the complete genome classified the isolate as avian metapneumovirus subtype A.
July 20, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726581/phenomenological-modeling-of-reactive-dye-adsorption-onto-fish-scales-surface-in-the-presence-of-electrolyte-and-surfactant-mixtures
#2
C V Neves, F B Scheufele, A P Nardino, M G A Vieira, M G C da Silva, A N Módenes, C E Borba
The aim of this work was an experimental and theoretical investigation of the influence of electrolyte (NaCl) and surfactant (SP), as textile auxiliary agents (TAAs), on the removal of reactive blue 5G dye (RB5G) by applying untreated fish scales (FS) in batch system. For this, kinetic and equilibrium studies were performed aiming the comprehension of the mass transfer mechanisms through a phenomenological modeling. The biosorbent was texturally characterized, not only to investigate the adsorbent's characteristics but especially to support the definition of the assumptions of the models...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726361/risk-of-spontaneous-fungal-peritonitis-sfp-in-hospitalized-cirrhotic-patients-with-ascites-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies-and-meta-analysis
#3
Marco Fiore, Paolo Chiodini, Vincenzo Pota, Pasquale Sansone, Maria B Passavanti, Sebastiano Leone, Caterina Aurilio, Maria C Pace
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous Fungal Peritonitis (SFP) is an infection of ascitic fluid occurring in cirrhotic patients. SFP prevalence varies from 0 to 41% of patients with spontaneous peritonitis (SP) and a positive ascitic fluid culture. Cirrhotic patients with SFP who fail to show improvement with empirical antibiotic therapy, before the identification of the fungal pathogen, have high mortality (89.5-100%). Although the weight of the disease is so dramatic, more recent guidelines on infections in cirrhosis do not consider SFP management...
July 20, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715480/tales-of-diversity-genomic-and-morphological-characteristics-of-forty-six-arthrobacter-phages
#4
Karen K Klyczek, J Alfred Bonilla, Deborah Jacobs-Sera, Tamarah L Adair, Patricia Afram, Katherine G Allen, Megan L Archambault, Rahat M Aziz, Filippa G Bagnasco, Sarah L Ball, Natalie A Barrett, Robert C Benjamin, Christopher J Blasi, Katherine Borst, Mary A Braun, Haley Broomell, Conner B Brown, Zachary S Brynell, Ashley B Bue, Sydney O Burke, William Casazza, Julia A Cautela, Kevin Chen, Nitish S Chimalakonda, Dylan Chudoff, Jade A Connor, Trevor S Cross, Kyra N Curtis, Jessica A Dahlke, Bethany M Deaton, Sarah J Degroote, Danielle M DeNigris, Katherine C DeRuff, Milan Dolan, David Dunbar, Marisa S Egan, Daniel R Evans, Abby K Fahnestock, Amal Farooq, Garrett Finn, Christopher R Fratus, Bobby L Gaffney, Rebecca A Garlena, Kelly E Garrigan, Bryan C Gibbon, Michael A Goedde, Carlos A Guerrero Bustamante, Melinda Harrison, Megan C Hartwell, Emily L Heckman, Jennifer Huang, Lee E Hughes, Kathryn M Hyduchak, Aswathi E Jacob, Machika Kaku, Allen W Karstens, Margaret A Kenna, Susheel Khetarpal, Rodney A King, Amanda L Kobokovich, Hannah Kolev, Sai A Konde, Elizabeth Kriese, Morgan E Lamey, Carter N Lantz, Jonathan S Lapin, Temiloluwa O Lawson, In Young Lee, Scott M Lee, Julia Y Lee-Soety, Emily M Lehmann, Shawn C London, A Javier Lopez, Kelly C Lynch, Catherine M Mageeney, Tetyana Martynyuk, Kevin J Mathew, Travis N Mavrich, Christopher M McDaniel, Hannah McDonald, C Joel McManus, Jessica E Medrano, Francis E Mele, Jennifer E Menninger, Sierra N Miller, Josephine E Minick, Courtney T Nabua, Caroline K Napoli, Martha Nkangabwa, Elizabeth A Oates, Cassandra T Ott, Sarah K Pellerino, William J Pinamont, Ross T Pirnie, Marie C Pizzorno, Emilee J Plautz, Welkin H Pope, Katelyn M Pruett, Gabbi Rickstrew, Patrick A Rimple, Claire A Rinehart, Kayla M Robinson, Victoria A Rose, Daniel A Russell, Amelia M Schick, Julia Schlossman, Victoria M Schneider, Chloe A Sells, Jeremy W Sieker, Morgan P Silva, Marissa M Silvi, Stephanie E Simon, Amanda K Staples, Isabelle L Steed, Emily L Stowe, Noah A Stueven, Porter T Swartz, Emma A Sweet, Abigail T Sweetman, Corrina Tender, Katrina Terry, Chrystal Thomas, Daniel S Thomas, Allison R Thompson, Lorianna Vanderveen, Rohan Varma, Hannah L Vaught, Quynh D Vo, Zachary T Vonberg, Vassie C Ware, Yasmene M Warrad, Kaitlyn E Wathen, Jonathan L Weinstein, Jacqueline F Wyper, Jakob R Yankauskas, Christine Zhang, Graham F Hatfull
The vast bacteriophage population harbors an immense reservoir of genetic information. Almost 2000 phage genomes have been sequenced from phages infecting hosts in the phylum Actinobacteria, and analysis of these genomes reveals substantial diversity, pervasive mosaicism, and novel mechanisms for phage replication and lysogeny. Here, we describe the isolation and genomic characterization of 46 phages from environmental samples at various geographic locations in the U.S. infecting a single Arthrobacter sp. strain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714725/intervention-effects-on-stage-transitions-for-adolescent-smoking-and-alcohol-use-acquisition
#5
Leslie A Brick, Colleen A Redding, Andrea L Paiva, Wayne F Velicer
The health impacts of smoking and alcohol abuse have been long established with smoking representing one of the most preventable causes of disease and alcohol use the most popular psychoactive substance among adolescents. The current study evaluated stage of change progression in a large (N = 4,158) school-based, computer-delivered, transtheoretical model (TTM)-tailored multiple behavior intervention focused on preventing acquisition of smoking and alcohol use in adolescents. Assessments began in sixth grade and continued yearly until eighth grade, with a follow-up in ninth grade...
July 17, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711426/chewing-lice-from-wild-birds-in-northern-greece
#6
Anastasia Diakou, José Bernardo Pedroso Couto Soares, Haralambos Alivizatos, Maria Panagiotopoulou, Savas Kazantzidis, Ivan Literák, Oldřich Sychra
Greece represents an important area for wild birds due to its geographical position and habitat diversity. Although the bird species in Greece are well recorded, the information about the chewing lice that infest them is practically non-existent. Thus, the aim of the present study was to record the species of lice infesting wild birds in northern Greece and furthermore, to associate the infestation prevalence with factors such as the age, sex, migration and social behaviour of the host as well as the time of the year...
July 12, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710628/%C3%AE-sitosterol-bioconversion-to-androstenedione-in-microtiter-plates
#7
Marco P C Marques, Pedro Fernandes
Microtiter plates are routinely used as low-cost miniaturized bioreactors due to the large number of experiments that can be conducted simultaneously under similar conditions and replicate all functions of bench-scale reactors at dramatically smaller volumes. These plates, due to the standard footprint, can be integrated with liquid-handling systems and associated equipment expanding considerably their application and use. However, care has to be taken to operate the microtiter plates in optimized mixing and oxygen transfer conditions, preventing medium evaporation in prolonged experiment runs...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709697/effects-of-p-limitation-and-molecules-from-peanut-root-exudates-on-pqqe-gene-expression-and-pqq-promoter-activity-in-the-phosphate-solubilizing-strain-serratia-sp-s119
#8
Liliana M Ludueña, Maria S Anzuay, Cynthia Magallanes-Noguera, Maria L Tonelli, Fernando J Ibañez, Jorge G Angelini, Adriana Fabra, Matthew McIntosh, Tania Taurian
The mineral phosphate-solubilizing phenotype in bacteria is attributed predominantly to secretion of gluconic acid produced by oxidation of glucose by the glucose dehydrogenase enzyme and its cofactor, pyrroloquinoline quinone. This study analyzes pqqE gene expression and pqq promoter activity in the native phosphate-solubilizing bacterium Serratia sp S119 growing under P-limitation, and in the presence of root exudates obtained from peanut plants, also growing under P-limitation. Results indicated that Serratia sp...
July 11, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708262/characterization-of-spac-type-erysipelothrix-sp-isolates-causing-systemic-disease-in-ornamental-fish
#9
E K Pomaranski, S R Reichley, R Yanong, J Shelley, D B Pouder, J C Wolf, K V Kenelty, B Van Bonn, F Oliaro, B Byrne, K A Clothier, M J Griffin, A C Camus, E Soto
Since 2012, low-to-moderate mortality associated with an Erysipelothrix sp. bacterium has been reported in ornamental fish. Histological findings have included facial cellulitis, necrotizing dermatitis and myositis, and disseminated coelomitis with abundant intralesional Gram-positive bacterial colonies. Sixteen Erysipelothrix sp. isolates identified phenotypically as E. rhusiopathiae were recovered from diseased cyprinid and characid fish. Similar clinical and histological changes were also observed in zebrafish, Danio rerio, challenged by intracoelomic injection...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707881/methane-activations-by-titanium-neopentylidene-complexes-electronic-resilience-and-steric-control
#10
Dragan B Ninković, Salvador Moncho, Predrag V Petrović, Snežana D Zarić, Michael B Hall, Edward N Brothers
The titanium neopentylidene complex (PNP)Ti═CH(t)Bu(CH2(t)Bu) (PNP = N[2-P(i)Pr2-4-methylphenyl](2-)) is capable of activating both sp(2) and sp(3) C-H bonds under mild conditions. In addition to methane C-H activation, competition between the initial hydrogen abstraction reaction to form the methane activation product and the tautomerization reaction of this product to form a terminal methylidene was also explored. Several modifications of the PNP and CH(t)Bu ligands were explored to determine the effect of these changes on C-H bond activation...
July 14, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706311/first-report-of-the-fig-cyst-nematode-heterodera-fici-kirjanova-on-fig-tree-ficus-carica-in-ontario-canada
#11
Fengcheng Sun, Neil Henry, Qing Yu
Although fig trees are a popular ornamental fruit tree in subtropical regions, some hardy species, such as Ficus carica, have been grown in the west coast of British Columbia and southern Ontario in Canada. The fig cyst nematode, Heterodera fici Kirjanova, is a pest on fig plants, and the heavy infestation can cause retarded growth and yellowing of leaves (Maqbool et al., 1987). In the spring of 2016, a sample of rhizosphere from a potted fig (F. carica) seedling was submitted to the Nematology Laboratory, Canadian Food Inspection Agency...
June 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705314/palliative-care-in-heart-failure-the-pal-hf-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Joseph G Rogers, Chetan B Patel, Robert J Mentz, Bradi B Granger, Karen E Steinhauser, Mona Fiuzat, Patricia A Adams, Adam Speck, Kimberly S Johnson, Arun Krishnamoorthy, Hongqiu Yang, Kevin J Anstrom, Gwen C Dodson, Donald H Taylor, Jerry L Kirchner, Daniel B Mark, Christopher M O'Connor, James A Tulsky
BACKGROUND: Advanced heart failure (HF) is characterized by high morbidity and mortality. Conventional therapy may not sufficiently reduce patient suffering and maximize quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated whether an interdisciplinary palliative care intervention in addition to evidence-based HF care improves certain outcomes. METHODS: The authors randomized 150 patients with advanced HF between August 15, 2012, and June 25, 2015, to usual care (UC) (n = 75) or UC plus a palliative care intervention (UC + PAL) (n = 75) at a single center...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702201/-marasmitruncus-massiliensis-gen-nov-sp-nov-clostridium-culturomicum-sp-nov-blautia-provencensis-sp-nov-bacillus-caccae-sp-nov-and-ornithinibacillus-massiliensis-sp-nov-isolated-from-stool-samples-of-undernourished-african-children
#13
T-P-T Pham, F Cadoret, M Tidjani Alou, S Brah, B Ali Diallo, A Diallo, C Sokhna, J Delerce, P-E Fournier, M Million, D Raoult
We report here the main characteristics of five new species, 'Marasmitruncus massiliensis' strain Marseille-P3646(T) (CSUR P3646), 'Clostridium culturomicum' strain Marseille-P3545(T) (CSUR P3545), 'Blautia provencensis' strain Marseille-P3502(T) (CSUR P3502), 'Bacillus caccae' strain Marseille-P3604(T) (CSUR P3604) and 'Ornithinibacillus massiliensis' strain Marseille-P3601(T) (CSUR P3601), which were isolated recently from undernourished children's stool samples from Niger using microbial culturomics.
September 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699862/lentzea-cavernae-sp-nov-an-actinobacterium-isolated-from-a-karst-cave-sample-and-emended-description-of-the-genus-lentzea
#14
Bao-Zhu Fang, Ming-Xian Han, Lan Liu, Zi-Tong Zhang, Wei-Liang Liu, Jing-Ting Shen, Yan Wang, Wan-Qin Zhang, Da-Qiao Wei, Wen-Jun Li
A novel actinobacterial strain, designated SYSU K10001T, was isolated from a limestone sample collected from a karst cave in Xingyi county, Guizhou province, south-western China. The taxonomic position of the strain was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Cells of the strain were aerobic and Gram-stain-positive. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain SYSU K10001T was most closely related to the type strains of the genus Lentzea, Lentzea albida NBRC 16102T (98.8 % similarity) and Lentzea waywayandensis NRRL B-16159T (98...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695309/empruthotrema-longipenis-n-sp-monogenoidea-monocotylidae-merizocotylinae-from-the-olfactory-sacs-of-the-smooth-butterfly-ray-gymnura-micrura-bloch-schneider-myliobatiformes-gymnuridae-in-the-gulf-of-mexico
#15
Delane C Kritsky, Stephen A Bullard, Carlos F Ruiz, Micah B Warren
A new species of Empruthotrema Johnston & Tiegs, 1922 is described based on specimens collected from the olfactory sacs of smooth butterfly rays Gymnura micrura (Bloch & Schneider) captured in Mobile Bay (northcentral Gulf of Mexico), Alabama, USA. Empruthotrema longipenis n. sp. is most similar to the type-species Empruthotrema raiae (MacCallum, 1916) Johnston & Tiegs, 1922 by having 12 marginal and two interhamular loculi with members of haptoral hook pair 1 located midway along the periphery of each interhamular loculus and those of hook pair 2 located at the marginal termini of the bilateral septa flanking the interhamular loculi...
July 10, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693684/clostridium-tepidum-sp-nov-a-close-relative-of-clostridium-sporogenes-and-clostridium-botulinum-group-i
#16
Anatoly P Dobritsa, Kirthi K Kutumbaka, Kirsten Werner, Martin Wiedmann, Aaron Asmus, Mansour Samadpour
Obligately anaerobic, Gram-stain-positive, spore-forming bacteria indistinguishable by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis were isolated from non-dairy protein shakes in bloated bottles. One of the isolates, strain IEH 97212T, was selected for further study. The strain was closely related to Clostridium sporogenes and Clostridium botulinum Group 1 based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities. Phylogenetic analysis also showed that strain IEH 97212T and strain PE (=DSM 18688), a bacterium isolated from solfataric mud, had identical 16S rRNA gene sequences...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693683/description-of-a-phototrophic-bacterium-thiorhodococcus-alkaliphilus-sp-nov
#17
M J Prathyash Ushus, B Divyasree, K V N S Lakshmi, Bharti P Dave, Ch Sasikala, Ch V Ramana
Strain JA878T was purified from a photoheterotrophic enrichment obtained from a sediment sample of a brown pond near Nari Salt Pan, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India. Cells of the isolate were coccoid, motile by means of single polar flagellum and Gram-stain-negative. The internal photosynthetic membrane architecture was vesicular. Strain JA878T contained bacteriochlorophyll a and spirilloxanthin series of carotenoids with rhodopin (>85 %) as the major component. Strain JA878T grew optimally at pH 10-11, and had no requirement for NaCl (tolerated up to 6 %, w/v) or vitamins for growth...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691666/hymenobacter-tenuis-sp-nov-isolated-from-wastewater-of-an-acidic-water-neutralization-facility
#18
Joo Won Kang, Ji Hee Lee, Han Na Choe, Chi Nam Seong
A non-motile, red-pink-coloured, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain POB6T, was isolated from a wastewater treatment facility, Republic of Korea. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1ω5c, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c) and summed feature 4 (iso-C17 : 1 I and/or anteiso-C17 : 1 B). The strain contained menaquinone MK-7 as the only isoprenoid quinone, phosphatidylethanolamine as the major polar lipid and sym-homospermidine as the major polyamine...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690548/optimization-of-variable-ventilation-for-physiology-immune-response-and-surfactant-enhancement-in-preterm-lambs
#19
Erzsébet Bartolák-Suki, Peter B Noble, Samer Bou Jawde, Jane J Pillow, Béla Suki
Preterm infants often require mechanical ventilation due to lung immaturity including reduced or abnormal surfactant. Since cyclic stretch with cycle-by-cycle variability is known to augment surfactant release by epithelial cells, we hypothesized that such in vivo mechanotransduction improves surfactant maturation and hence lung physiology in preterm subjects. We thus tested whether breath-by-breath variability in tidal volume (VT) in variable ventilation (VV) can be tuned for optimal performance in a preterm lamb model...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688848/electrochemical-and-or-microbiological-treatment-of-pyrolysis-wastewater
#20
José R O Silva, Dara S Santos, Ubiratan R Santos, Katlin I B Eguiluz, Giancarlo R Salazar-Banda, Jaderson K Schneider, Laiza C Krause, Jorge A López, Maria L Hernández-Macedo
Electrochemical oxidation may be used as treatment to decompose partially or completely organic pollutants (wastewater) from industrial processes such as pyrolysis. Pyrolysis is a thermochemical process used to obtain bio-oil from biomasses, generating a liquid waste rich in organic compounds including aldehydes and phenols, which can be submitted to biological and electrochemical treatments in order to minimize its environmental impact. Thus, electrochemical systems employing dimensionally stable anodes (DSAs) have been proposed to enable biodegradation processes in subsurface environments...
June 30, 2017: Chemosphere
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