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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764870/-invasive-and-minimally-invasive-hemodynamic-monitoring
#1
Matthias Hansen
Advanced hemodynamic monitoring is necessary for adequate management of high-risk patients or patients with derangement of circulation. Studies demonstrate a benefit of early goal directed therapy in unstable cardiopulmonary situations. In these days we have different possibilities of minimally invasive or invasive hemodynamic monitoring. Minimally invasive measurements like pulse conture analysis or pulse wave analysis being less accurate under some circumstances, however only an artery catheter is needed for cardiac output monitoring...
October 2016: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716694/perioperative-utility-of-goal-directed-therapy-in-high-risk-cardiac-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-clinical-outcome-and-biomarker-based-study
#2
Poonam Malhotra Kapoor, Rohan Magoon, Rajinder Rawat, Yatin Mehta
Goal-directed therapy (GDT) encompasses guidance of intravenous (IV) fluid and vasopressor/inotropic therapy by cardiac output or similar parameters to help in early recognition and management of high-risk cardiac surgical patients. With the aim of establishing the utility of perioperative GDT using robust clinical and biochemical outcomes, we conducted the present study. This multicenter randomized controlled study included 130 patients of either sex, with European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation ≥3 undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting on cardiopulmonary bypass...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698733/role-of-picco-monitoring-for-the-integrated-management-of-neurogenic-pulmonary-edema-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Xiaoping Lin, Zhijun Xu, Pengfei Wang, Yan Xu, Gensheng Zhang
Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is occasionally observed in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI); however, this condition is often underappreciated. NPE is frequently misdiagnosed due to its atypical clinical performance, thus delaying appropriate treatment. A comprehensive management protocol of NPE in patients with TBI has yet to be established. The current study reported the case of a 67-year-old man with severe TBI who was transferred to our intensive care unit (ICU). On day 7 after hospitalization, the patient suddenly suffered tachypnea, tachycardia, systemic hypertension and hypoxemia during lumbar cistern drainage...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680814/g3-intraoperative-haemodynamic-monitoring-during-high-risk-caesarean-section-a-comparison-between-bioreactance-nicom-r-and-pressure-waveform-analysis-lidcorapidr-preliminary-results
#4
D Vinayagam, S Bampoe, B Thilaganathan, A Khalil
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative haemodynamic monitoring is carried out in high-risk surgical patients, often using invasive methods, including pulmonary artery catheterisation. Early goal-directed therapy in high-risk surgical patients reduces tissue hypoxia, organ failure and improves outcomes. Significant maternal morbidity arises as a result of perioperative haemorrhage. At present, heart rate and brachial blood pressure are used as proxy markers to aid in fluid resuscitation, however, we know that these exhibit minimal change during early stages of shock, and are poor indicators of the adequacy of therapeutic intervention...
August 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620877/low-cardiac-index-and-stroke-volume-on-admission-are-associated-with-poor-outcome-in-critically-ill-burn-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Sabri Soussi, Benjamin Deniau, Axelle Ferry, Charlotte Levé, Mourad Benyamina, Véronique Maurel, Maïté Chaussard, Brigitte Le Cam, Alice Blet, Maurice Mimoun, Jêrome Lambert, Marc Chaouat, Alexandre Mebazaa, Matthieu Legrand
BACKGROUND: Impact of early systemic hemodynamic alterations and fluid resuscitation on outcome in the modern burn care remains controversial. We investigate the association between acute-phase systemic hemodynamics, timing of fluid resuscitation and outcome in critically ill burn patients. METHODS: Retrospective, single-center cohort study was conducted in a university hospital. Forty critically ill burn patients with total body surface area (TBSA) burn-injured >20 % with invasive blood pressure and cardiac output monitoring (transpulmonary thermodilution technique) within 8 h from trauma were included...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591466/intraoperative-goal-directed-hemodynamic-therapy-in-noncardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Javier Ripollés, Angel Espinosa, Eugenio Martínez-Hurtado, Alfredo Abad-Gurumeta, Rubén Casans-Francés, Cristina Fernández-Pérez, Francisco López-Timoneda, José María Calvo-Vecino
BACKGROUND: The goal directed hemodynamic therapy is an approach focused on the use of cardiac output and related parameters as end-points for fluids and drugs to optimize tissue perfusion and oxygen delivery. Primary aim: To determine the effects of intraoperative goal directed hemodynamic therapy on postoperative complications rates. METHODS: A meta-analysis was carried out of the effects of goal directed hemodynamic therapy in adult noncardiac surgery on postoperative complications and mortality using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses methodology...
September 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568347/the-use-of-the-oesophageal-doppler-in-perioperative-medicine-new-opportunities-in-research-and-clinical-practice
#7
Bernardo Bollen Pinto, Glen Atlas, Bart F Geerts, Karim Bendjelid
The oesophageal Doppler (OD) is a minimally invasive haemodynamic monitor used in the surgical theatre and the ICU. Using the OD, goal-directed therapy (GDT) has been shown to reduce perioperative complications in high-risk surgical patients. However, most GDT protocols currently in use are limited to stroke volume optimisation. In the present manuscript, we examine the conceptual models behind new OD-based measurements. These would provide the clinician with a comprehensive view of haemodynamic pathophysiology; including pre-load, contractility, and afterload...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466988/anaesthesiological-strategies-to-improve-outcome-in-liver-transplantation-recipients
#8
V Perilli, P Aceto, T Sacco, C Modesti, P Ciocchetti, F Vitale, A Russo, G Fasano, A Dottorelli, L Sollazzi
Graft and patients survival are the main goal of anesthesiological management in patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT). Even if anesthesiological practice sustained major developments over time, some evidence-based intraoperative strategies have not yet been widely applied. The aim of this review was to summarize intraoperative anesthesiological strategies which could have the potential to improve LT graft and/or recipient survival. Monitoring must be as accurate as possible in order to manage intraoperative hemodynamic changes...
July 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445258/-intraoperative-goal-directed-hemodynamic-therapy-in-noncardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Javier Ripollés, Angel Espinosa, Eugenio Martínez-Hurtado, Alfredo Abad-Gurumeta, Rubén Casans-Francés, Cristina Fernández-Pérez, Francisco López-Timoneda, José María Calvo-Vecino
BACKGROUND: The goal directed hemodynamic therapy is an approach focused on the use of cardiac output and related parameters as end-points for fluids and drugs to optimize tissue perfusion and oxygen delivery. Primary aim: To determine the effects of intraoperative goal directed hemodynamic therapy on postoperative complications rates. METHODS: A meta-analysis was carried out of the effects of goal directed hemodynamic therapy in adult noncardiac surgery on postoperative complications and mortality using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses methodology...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411453/hepatic-perfusion-alterations-in-septic-shock-patients-impact-of-early-goal-directed-therapy
#10
Xi-Wen Zhang, Jian-Feng Xie, Ai-Ran Liu, Ying-Zi Huang, Feng-Mei Guo, Cong-Shan Yang, Yi Yang, Hai-Bo Qiu
BACKGROUND: Early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) has become an important therapeutic management in early salvage stage of septic shock. However, splenic organs possibly remained hypoperfused and hypoxic despite fluid resuscitation. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of EGDT on hepatic perfusion in septic shock patients. METHODS: A prospective observational study was carried out in early septic shock patients who were admitted to Intensive Care Unit within 24 h after onset and who met all four elements of the EGDT criteria after treatment with the standard EGDT procedure within 6 h between December 1, 2012 and November 30, 2013...
July 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27253843/postoperative-hemodynamic-instability-and-monitoring
#11
Anushirvan Minokadeh, Michael R Pinsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the review is to identify the recently validated minimally invasive or noninvasive monitoring devices used to both monitor and guide resuscitation in the critically ill patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent advances in noninvasive measures of blood pressure, blood flow, and vascular tone have been validated and complement existing minimally invasive and invasive monitoring techniques. These monitoring approaches should be used within the context of a focused physical examination and static vital sign analysis...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27078223/flow-directed-vs-goal-directed-strategy-for-management-of-hemodynamics
#12
Sheldon Magder
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: For the past 15 years, there has been a strong push to use goal-directed protocols for resuscitating critically ill patients and to manage perioperative patients. However, recent large clinical trials have failed to find evidence of improved outcome with this approach. RECENT FINDINGS: A striking feature in the recent three large prospective randomized trials of septic patients and the one in high-risk perioperative patients is that outcomes in the control groups have markedly improved...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27073445/application-strategy-of-picco-in-septic-shock-patients
#13
Xiaoyun Liu, Wenli Ji, Jifeng Wang, Tao Pan
Septic shock, also known as infectious or toxic shock, is a medical condition caused by severe infection and sepsis. Early identification, timely diagnosis and effective treatments are imperative to prevent this medical condition. The aim of the present study was to examine the application of pulse index continuous cardiac output (PiCCO) technique in the treatment of septic shock patients. Fifty septic shock patients were randomly divided into the conventional detection group (group C, n=25) and the PiCCO detection group (group P, n=25)...
April 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26961821/hemodynamic-monitoring-and-management-in-high-risk-surgery-a-survey-among-japanese-anesthesiologists
#14
Koichi Suehiro, Katsuaki Tanaka, Akira Mukai, Alexandre Joosten, Olivier Desebbe, Brenton Alexander, Maxime Cannesson, Kiyonobu Nishikawa
The aim of this study was to assess the current practices of hemodynamic management in high-risk surgical patients among Japanese anesthesiologists. An invitation letter to the survey, which included 35 questions related to hemodynamic monitoring in high-risk surgery, was mailed to every hospital approved by the Japanese Society of Anesthesiologists (JSA) (1260 hospitals). Of the 692 JSA respondents, 573 completed the survey. Despite reporting a high rate of cardiac output (CO) and stroke volume variation (SVV) monitoring in JSA members (70 and 74 %, respectively), fluid goal-directed therapy was poorly implemented in high-risk surgery (7...
June 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26889490/venous-to-arterial-co2-differences-and-the-quest-for-bedside-point-of-care-monitoring-to-assess-the-microcirculation-during-shock
#15
David N Naumann, Mark J Midwinter, Sam Hutchings
The microcirculation is the anatomical location of perfusion and substrate exchange, and its functional impairment is of paramount importance during the state of shock. The difference in venous-to-arterial carbon dioxide partial pressures (Pv-aCO2) has recently been reported to correlate with microcirculatory dysfunction during early septic shock with greater fidelity than global hemodynamic parameters. This makes it a potential candidate as a point-of-care test in goal directed therapy that aims to restore microcirculatory function in an emergency clinical context...
January 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26673584/pitfalls-in-haemodynamic-monitoring-in-the-postoperative-and-critical-care-setting
#16
REVIEW
K M Ho
Haemodynamic monitoring is a vital part of daily practice in anaesthesia and intensive care. Although there is evidence to suggest that goal-directed therapy may improve outcomes in the perioperative period, which haemodynamic targets we should aim at to optimise patient outcomes remain elusive and controversial. This review highlights the pitfalls in commonly used haemodynamic targets, including arterial blood pressure, central venous pressure, cardiac output, central venous oxygen saturation and dynamic haemodynamic indices...
January 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26665136/goal-directed-fluid-therapy-for-microvascular-free-flap-reconstruction-following-mastectomy-a-pilot-study
#17
Duane Funk, James Bohn, Wac Mutch, Tom Hayakawa, Edward W Buchel
BACKGROUND: Fluid management of the surgical patient has undergone a paradigm shift over the past decade. A change from 'wet' to 'dry' to a 'goal-directed' approach has been witnessed. The fluid management of patients undergoing free flap reconstruction is particularly challenging. This is typically a long operation with minimal surgical stimulation, and hypotension often ensues. The use of vasopressors in these cases is contraindicated to maintain adequate flow to the flap. Hypotension is often treated with intravenous fluid boluses...
2015: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26595049/hemodynamic-monitoring-for-the-evaluation-and-treatment-of-shock-what-is-the-current-state-of-the-art
#18
REVIEW
Eric M Suess, Michael R Pinsky
Hemodynamic monitoring has become a fundamental and ubiquitous, if not defining, aspect of critical care medicine practice. Modern monitoring techniques have changed significantly over the past few years and are now able to rapidly identify shock states earlier, define the etiology, and monitor the response to therapies. Many of these techniques are now minimally invasive or noninvasive. Basic hemodynamic monitoring and evaluation usually includes a focused physical examination and static hemodynamic vital signs: temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, mean arterial pressure, and arterial hemoglobin oxygen saturation, typically measured with pulse photoplethysmography...
December 2015: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26437713/protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-resuscitation-fluids-on-the-microcirculation-after-haemorrhagic-shock-in-animal-models
#19
REVIEW
David N Naumann, Janine Dretzke, Sam Hutchings, Mark J Midwinter
BACKGROUND: Modern resuscitation strategies following haemorrhagic shock are influenced by global haemodynamic parameters such as blood pressure and cardiac output. Microcirculatory dysfunction in this context may persist even after restoration of satisfactory global parameters. Additional monitoring of the microcirculatory function may therefore be warranted in order to facilitate goal-directed therapy at a tissue oxygenation level. Although such a phenomenon is recognised in the case of sepsis, clinical evidence regarding the behaviour of the microcirculation following the delivery of resuscitation fluids after haemorrhagic shock is sparse...
October 5, 2015: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26297088/goal-directed-fluid-therapy-guided-by-cardiac-monitoring-during-high-risk-abdominal-surgery-in-adult-patients-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-esophageal-doppler-and-arterial-pulse-pressure-waveform-analysis
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Guillaume Legrand, Laura Ruscio, Dan Benhamou, Nathalie Pelletier-Fleury
BACKGROUND: Several minimally invasive techniques for cardiac output monitoring such as the esophageal Doppler (ED) and arterial pulse pressure waveform analysis (APPWA) have been shown to improve surgical outcomes compared with conventional clinical assessment (CCA). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of these techniques in high-risk abdominal surgery from the perspective of the French public health insurance fund. METHODS: An analytical decision model was constructed to compare the cost-effectiveness of ED, APPWA, and CCA...
July 2015: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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