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Nor Hayati Othman, Sarfraz Ahmed, Siti Amrah Sulaiman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
Mohamed M M Abdel-Latif, Mekky M Abouzied
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Natural honey has been used as a medicine since ancient times. Honey is widely known for its antibacterial properties against H. pylori; however, the mechanisms of its antibacterial activity are not fully known. The present study was performed to examine the molecular mechanisms by which natural honey can inhibit H. pylori infection in gastric epithelial cells. METHODS: Electrophoretic mobility shift assay was used to measure NF-κB- and AP-1-DNA binding activity...
July 2016: Archives of Medical Research
Wisnu Adi Wicaksono, E Eirian Jones, Jana Monk, Hayley J Ridgway
Leptospermum scoparium or mānuka is a New Zealand native medicinal plant that produces an essential oil with antimicrobial properties. This is the first study to investigate the structure and bioactivity of endophytic bacteria in mānuka by using a combination of cultivation-independent (DGGE) and dependent approaches. A total of 23 plants were sampled across three sites. Plants were considered either immature (3-8 years) or mature (>20 years). The endophyte community structure and richness was affected by plant tissue and bacterial communities became more stable and uniform as plant maturity increased...
2016: PloS One
Somadina Emineke, Alan J Cooper, Sarah Fouch, Brian R Birch, Bashir A Lwaleed
AIMS: Biofilms are ubiquitous and when mature have a complex structure of microcolonies in an extracellular polysaccharide and extracellular DNA matrix. Indwelling medical devices harbour biofilms which have been shown to cause infections and act as reservoirs for pathogens. Urinary catheters are often in place for considerable periods of time and are susceptible to both encrustation and biofilm formation. Strategies for minimising biofilm occurrence underpin an active research area in biomedicine...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Marc Spiteri, Karyne M Rogers, Eric Jamin, Freddy Thomas, Sophie Guyader, Michèle Lees, Douglas N Rutledge
Manuka honey is a product produced essentially in New Zealand, and has been widely recognised for its antibacterial properties and specific taste. In this study, 264 honeys from New Zealand and Australia were analysed using proton NMR spectroscopy coupled with chemometrics. Known manuka markers, methylglyoxal and dihydroxyacetone, have been characterised and quantified, together with a new NMR marker, identified as being leptosperin. Manuka honey profiling using 1H NMR is shown to be a possible alternative to chromatography with the added advantage that it can measure methylglyoxal (MGO), dihydroxyacetone (DHA) and leptosperin simultaneously...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
R White
Few involved in wound care will have escaped the considerable interest which has been generated by the resurgence in honey. Equally, there will be many clinicians around the globe who are wondering why all the fuss, as they will have been using honey all along. However, even with the advent of 'medical-grade' honey, combined with considerable research into the numerous potential modes of action, there remains a lingering scepticism regarding the value of honey as a justified, modern intervention in wound care...
September 2016: Journal of Wound Care
Joseph M Yabes, Brian K White, Clinton K Murray, Carlos J Sanchez, Katrin Mende, Miriam L Beckius, Wendy C Zera, Joseph C Wenke, Kevin S Akers
Soft-tissue invasive fungal infections are increasingly recognized as significant entities directly contributing to morbidity and mortality. They complicate clinical care, requiring aggressive surgical debridement and systemic antifungal therapy. To evaluate new topical approaches to therapy, we examined the antifungal activity and cytotoxicity of Manuka Honey (MH) and polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB). The activities of multiple concentrations of MH (40%, 60%, 80%) and PHMB (0.01%, 0.04%, 0.1%) against 13 clinical mould isolates were evaluated using a time-kill assay between 5 min and 24 h...
September 6, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
Emmanuel Bensignor, Lionel Fabriès, Lucie Bailleux
BACKGROUND: Bacterial pyoderma is a frequent presentation in dogs. Despite the widespread availability of effective systemic and topical antimicrobial products, good clinical practice currently recommends avoidance of long-term use to mitigate the development of bacterial resistance. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the speed of resolution of clinical signs of bacterial pyoderma in dogs treated with a systemic antimicrobial agent with or without the use of an adjunctive spray with antimicrobial properties...
September 5, 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
Fabrizio Bolognese, Michela Bistoletti, Paola Barbieri, Viviana Teresa Orlandi
The antimicrobial power of honey seems to be ascribable to several factors, including oxidative and osmotic stress. The aim of this study was to find genetic determinants involved in the response to honey stress in the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa, chosen as model micro-organism. A library of transposon mutants of P. aeruginosa PAO1 was constructed and only four mutants unable to grow in presence of fir honeydew honey were selected. All four mutants were impaired in the major H2O2-scavenging enzyme catalase A (KatA)...
September 2016: Microbiology
Jessie Bong, Gordana Prijic, Terry J Braggins, Ralf C Schlothauer, Jonathan M Stephens, Kerry M Loomes
New Zealand manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) honey exhibits two unique fluorescence signatures that distinguish it from other honey types. One of these is the MM1 fluorescence marker (270-365nm excitation-emission) which we show is due to a Leptospermum nectar-derived compound, leptosperin. Synthetic or honey-purified leptosperin not only displayed an identical fluorescence spectrum, but supplementation of leptosperin into clover or artificial honeys generated the MM1 fluorescence signature. There was a quenching effect of the honey matrix on leptosperin fluorescence but otherwise leptosperin was chemically stable over prolonged storage at 37°C...
January 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
E Grego, P Robino, C Tramuta, G Giusto, M Boi, R Colombo, G Serra, S Chiadò-Cutin, M Gandini, P Nebbia
Honey as a topical treatment for infected wounds dates back to ancient times. However, few studies have been reported concerning the medical properties of Italian honey. In this study, the microbial contamination, the antimicrobial activity and the antibiotic residues of 6 different varieties of Piedmont honeys were evaluated. The antimicrobial activity of honeys was tested by agar well diffusion method and 1 honey for each variety has been selected and tested by broth micro-dilution test to determine Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MICs) and evaluated by Minimum Bactericidal Concentrations (MBCs)...
July 2016: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
Rickul Varshney, Jivianne T Lee
INTRODUCTION: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) affects millions of patients worldwide. The disease is multifactorial with influences including anatomic factors, immunological disturbances, and altered sinonasal microbiome. Although oral medications are effective in controlling some symptoms, they are associated with side effects and long-term use is not ideal. Thus, topical therapies have emerged as an alternative delivery method for localized, high-concentration medication with less side effects...
August 8, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Yoji Kato, Rie Fujinaka, Maki Juri, Yui Yoshiki, Akari Ishisaka, Noritoshi Kitamoto, Yoko Nitta, Hirohito Ishikawa
Syringic acid is one of the key skeletal structures of plant-derived chemicals. The derivatives of syringic acid have certain biological functions. In this study, a monoclonal antibody to syringic acid-based phytochemicals was prepared and characterized. The obtained antibody reacted with methyl syringate, syringic acid, and leonurine. Methyl syringate is a characteristic compound found in manuka honey, other honey varieties, and plants. Manuka honey was fractionated using HPLC, and the reactivity of the fractions with the antibody was examined...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Raman Malhotra, Kimia Ziahosseini, Cornelia Poitelea, Andre Litwin, Suresh Sagili
PURPOSE: To report outcomes of a randomized trial on the role of "active" Manuka honey on eyelid surgical wound healing. METHOD: Prospective, randomized, single-blinded study was performed for patients undergoing bilateral upper blepharoplasty. Vaseline was applied 4 times a day to both sides for 6 weeks and in addition, one eyelid was randomized to receive Manuka honey twice daily. Postoperative wounds were graded by a masked observer at 1 week, 1 month, and 4 months using Manchester scar scale and a modified eyelid scar grading scale...
July 13, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Cristina Avonto, Amar G Chittiboyina, Mei Wang, Yelkaira Vasquez, Diego Rua, Ikhlas A Khan
Tea tree oil (TTO) is an essential oil obtained from the leaves of Melaleuca alternifolia, M. linariifolia, or M. dissitiflora. Because of the commercial importance of TTO, substitution or adulteration with other tea tree species (such as cajeput, niaouli, manuka, or kanuka oils) is common and may pose significant risks along with perceived health benefits. The distinctive nature, qualitative and quantitative compositional variation of these oils, is responsible for the various pharmacological as well as adverse effects...
July 18, 2016: Chemical Research in Toxicology
Nastja Kucisec-Tepes
Chronic wound does not heal within the expected time frame because it remains in the inflammation phase of healing. The reason for this is the presence of necrotic tissue and a large number of microorganisms, primarily bacteria that secrete the biofilm, along with ischemia, hypoxia and edema. Biofilm is present in 90% of chronic wounds and 6% of the acute ones. Biofilm is a corporative association of microbes which adhere to the surface of the wound, guided by quorum sensing molecules. The association is surrounded by a moisturizing matrix of extracellular polymeric substances (slime) which protect the microbes from the impact of antibiotics, antiseptics, macro-organism defense and stress...
March 2016: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
Marika Tenci, Silvia Rossi, Maria Cristina Bonferoni, Giuseppina Sandri, Cinzia Boselli, Arianna Di Lorenzo, Maria Daglia, Antonia Icaro Cornaglia, Luciana Gioglio, Cesare Perotti, Carla Caramella, Franca Ferrari
The aim of the present work was the development of a powder formulation for the delivery of manuka honey (MH) bioactive components and platelet lysate (PL) in chronic skin ulcers. In particular pectin (PEC)/chitosan (CS) particles were prepared by ionotropic gelation in the presence of calcium chloride and subsequently characterized for particle size, hydration properties and mechanical resistance. Different experimental conditions (calcium chloride and CS concentrations; rest time in the cationic solution) were considered in order to obtain particles characterized by optimal size, hydration properties and mechanical resistance...
July 25, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Benjamin J Daniels, Gordana Prijic, Sarah Meidinger, Kerry M Loomes, Jonathan M Stephens, Ralf C Schlothauer, Daniel P Furkert, Margaret A Brimble
Ma̅nuka honey, made from the nectar of Leptospermum scoparium, has garnered scientific and economical interest due to its nonperoxide antibacterial activity. Biomarkers for genuine ma̅nuka honey are increasingly in demand due to the presence of counterfeit ma̅nuka honey. This work reports the identification of a compound previously unreported in ma̅nuka honey by HPLC, and determination of the structure of the as 3,6,7-trimethyllumazine using NMR, MS, IR, and UV/vis spectroscopy. This assignment was confirmed by total synthesis...
June 22, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Dee A Carter, Shona E Blair, Nural N Cokcetin, Daniel Bouzo, Peter Brooks, Ralf Schothauer, Elizabeth J Harry
Medicinal honey research is undergoing a substantial renaissance. From a folklore remedy largely dismissed by mainstream medicine as "alternative", we now see increased interest by scientists, clinical practitioners and the general public in the therapeutic uses of honey. There are a number of drivers of this interest: first, the rise in antibiotic resistance by many bacterial pathogens has prompted interest in developing and using novel antibacterials; second, an increasing number of reliable studies and case reports have demonstrated that certain honeys are very effective wound treatments; third, therapeutic honey commands a premium price, and the honey industry is actively promoting studies that will allow it to capitalize on this; and finally, the very complex and rather unpredictable nature of honey provides an attractive challenge for laboratory scientists...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Maarja Uri, Laura M Buckley, Louise Marriage, Neil McEwan, Vanessa M Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Topical antimicrobial agents are important for the management of cutaneous infections. For topical antimicrobial agents, in vitro efficacy data are limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine and compare the minimum bactericidal/fungicidal concentrations (MBCs/MFCs) of several topical antimicrobial agents against veterinary pathogens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two chlorhexidine, two oxychlorine based products (NaOCl & HOCl) lime sulfur (LS), manuka honey (MH) and hydrocortisone aceponate (HCA) were tested against American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) and clinical isolates: meticillin susceptible and resistant Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (MSSP), qac A/B carrying MSSP, antimicrobial susceptible and extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing Escherichia coli, multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Malassezia pachydermatis...
June 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
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